The Turner Prize, named after the English painter J. M. W. Turner, is
an annual prize presented to a British visual artist. Between 1991 and
2016, only artists under the age of 50 were eligible (this restriction
was removed for the 2017 award). Awarding the prize is organised by
Tate gallery and usually staged at
Tate Britain, though in recent
years the award ceremony has sometimes been held in other UK cities.
Since its beginnings in 1984 it has become the UK's most publicised
art award. The award represents all media.
As of 2004, the monetary award was established at £40,000. There have
been different sponsors, including
Channel 4 television and Gordon's
Gin. A prominent event in British culture, the prize has been awarded
by various distinguished celebrities: in 2006 this was Yoko Ono, and
in 2012 it was presented by Jude Law.
It is a controversial event, mainly for the exhibits, such as The
Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living – a
shark in formaldehyde by
Damien Hirst – and My Bed, a dishevelled
bed by Tracey Emin. Controversy has also come from other directions,
including a Culture Minister (Kim Howells) criticising exhibits, a
guest of honour (Madonna) swearing, a prize judge (Lynn Barber)
writing in the press, and a speech by Sir
Nicholas Serota (about the
purchase of a trustee's work).
2 Winners and nominees
5 Alternative and spoof prizes
6 See also
8 External links
The prize was named after Turner because while he is now considered
one of the country's greatest artists, while he was active his work
was controversial. While he is now looked at as a traditionalist,
his new approach to landscape painting changed the course of art
history, as many of the
Turner Prize winners aspire to do.
Each year after the announcement of the four nominees and during the
build-up to the announcement of the winner, the Prize receives intense
attention from the media. Much of this attention is critical and the
question is often asked, "Is this art?"
Artists are chosen based upon a showing of their work that they have
staged in the preceding year. Nominations for the prize are invited
from the public, although this was widely considered to have
negligible effect—a suspicion confirmed in 2006 by Lynn Barber, one
of the judges. Typically, there is a three-week period in May for
public nominations to be received; the short-list (since 1991, four
artists) is announced in July; a show of the nominees' work opens at
Tate Britain in late October; the prize itself is announced at the
beginning of December. The exhibition remains on view until January.
The prize is officially not judged on the
Tate show, however, but on
the earlier exhibition for which the artist was nominated.
The exhibition and prize rely on commercial sponsorship. By 1987,
money for the prize was provided by Drexel Burnham Lambert; its
withdrawal after its demise led to the cancellation of the prize for
1990. Channel 4, an independent television channel, stepped in for
1991, doubling the prize money to £20,000, and supporting the event
with documentaries and live broadcasts of the prize-giving. In 2004,
they were replaced as sponsors by Gordon's Gin, doubling the prize
money to £40,000, with £5,000 going to each of the shortlisted
artists, and £25,000 to the winner.
As much as the shortlist of artists reflects the state of British Art,
the composition of the panel of judges, which includes curators and
critics, provides some indication of who holds influence
institutionally and internationally, as well as who are rising stars.
Tate Director Sir
Nicholas Serota has been the Chair of the jury since
his tenure at the
Tate (with the exception of the current year when
chairman is the Director of
Tate Liverpool, where the prize is being
staged). There are conflicting reports as to how much personal sway he
has over the proceedings.
The media success of the
Turner Prize contributed to the success of
(and was in turn helped by) the late 1990s phenomena of Young British
Artists (several of whom were nominees and winners), Cool Britannia,
and exhibitions such as the Charles Saatchi-sponsored Sensation
Most of the artists nominated for the prize selection become known to
the general public for the first time as a consequence. Some have
talked of the difficulty of the sudden media exposure. Sale prices of
the winners have generally increased. Chris Ofili,
Anish Kapoor and
Jeremy Deller later became trustees of the Tate. Some artists, notably
Sarah Lucas, have declined the invitation to be nominated.
Winners and nominees
For a list of winners and nominees, see List of
Turner Prize winners
In 2000, Tillmans was the first photographer and first non-British
artist to receive the Turner Prize
Howard Hodgkin is awarded the
Turner Prize for A Small Thing But My
Own. Other nominees included Terry Atkinson, sculptor Tony Cragg, Ian
Milena Kalinovska and painting/printing artist John
Walker. The prize was awarded by celebrity presenter Sir Richard
The controversial art duo Gilbert & George were awarded after a
previous nomination in 1984. Other nominees included Art &
Language (collaborative group composed of Michael Baldwin and Mel
Ramsden), sculpture/printing artist Victor Burgin, painter Derek
Jarman, painter Stephen McKenna and sculptor Bill Woodrow.
Sculpture artist Richard Deacon is awarded the prize. Other nominees
included graphic-style painter/printer Patrick Caulfield, Helen
Chadwick, Richard Long,
Declan McGonagle and Thérèse Oulton. The
prize was presented by George Melly.
Tony Cragg is awarded the prize. Other nominees
included figurative/portrait painter Lucian Freud, Pop artist Richard
Hamilton, Richard Long,
David Mach (graduate of Duncan of Jordanstone
College of Art), printer Boyd Webb, sculptor
Alison Wilding and
Richard Wilson. The appointment of
Tate Director, Nicholas Serota, led
to many changes such as the introduction of an annual rehang of the
Collection and giving priority to modern and contemporary art. During
this period the future of the Prize was uncertain. The Turner Prize
was modified to be an artist-only prize without a published shortlist
and a solo exhibition was awarded to the winner, Tony Cragg.
Sculpture and installation artist Richard Long is presented the prize
after three previous nominations. Controversially, Long is awarded for
his lifetime body of work rather than an exhibition of work in 1989.
Other nominees included painter Gillian Ayres, figurative painter
Lucian Freud, Italian-born sculptor Giuseppe Penone, painter Paula
Rego, abstract painter
Sean Scully and Richard Wilson.
No prize due to lack of sponsorship. Under
Tate Director and Turner
Prize chairman Nicholas Serota, changes are made to involve the public
in the viewing of the nominated artist such as a published shortlist,
a nomination of four shortlisted artists and an individual exhibition
of nominated work within the Tate.
Anish Kapoor received the prize for an untitled piece in sandstone and
pigment. Other nominees included abstract painters Ian Davenport,
Fiona Rae and sculptor Rachel Whiteread.
Grenville Davey received the prize for HAL, a work consisting of two
abstract steel objects, each measuring 244 x 122 cm (96 x 48 in).
Other nominees included the Young British Artist (yBA) Damien Hirst
for his installations, photographer
David Tremlett and sculptor Alison
Rachel Whiteread was the winner for House, a concrete cast of a house
on the corner of Grove Road and Roman Road, London E3.
Jimmy Cauty and
Bill Drummond of the
K Foundation received media coverage for the
award of the "Anti-Turner Prize", £40,000 to be given to the "worst
artist in Britain", voted from the real Turner Prize's short-list.
Rachel Whiteread was awarded their prize. She refused to accept the
money at first, but changed her mind when she heard the cash was to be
burned instead, and gave £30,000 of it to artists in financial need
and the other £10,000 to the housing charity, Shelter. The K
Foundation went on to make a film in which they burned
£1 million of their own money (Watch the
K Foundation Burn a
Million Quid). Other nominees included painter Sean Scully,
Vong Phaophanit and printer Hannah Collins.
Antony Gormley was awarded the 1994 Turner Prize.
Other nominees included video artist Northern Irish-born Willie
Doherty, whose work The Only Good One Is A Dead One was the first
video piece to be nominated for the prize, painter
Peter Doig and
multi-media Shirazeh Houshiary.
Damien Hirst was awarded the 1995 Turner Prize, which included his
notorious sculpture Mother and Child, Divided. Other nominees included
Lebanese-born installation/video artist Mona Hatoum, abstract painter
Callum Innes and multi-media artist Mark Wallinger.
Douglas Gordon becomes the first video artist to win the Turner Prize.
Other nominees included photographer Craigie Horsfield, painter Gary
Hume and installation artist Simon Patterson.
Tracey Emin, debate controversy in 1997, nominee in 1999.
The winner, Gillian Wearing, showed a video 60 minutes of Silence
(1996), where a group of actors were dressed in police uniforms and
had to stand still for an hour (occasional surreptitious scratching
could be observed).
Tracey Emin walked out of a live
Channel 4 discussion
programme, presented as part of the coverage of the award. The
discussion was chaired by
Tim Marlow and also included Roger Scruton,
Waldemar Januszczak, Richard Cork,
David Sylvester and Norman
Rosenthal. Emin 'wrote' about the incident in her 2005 book
Strangeland, describing her shock at reading
The Guardian writeup the
This was the only time in history with an all-female shortlist
including sculptor Christine Borland,
Angela Bulloch and sculptor
The talking point was Chris Ofili's use of balls of elephant dung
attached to his mixed media images on canvas, as well as being used as
supports on the floor to prop them up. An illustrator deposited dung
on the steps in protest against his work. Ofili won the prize and it
was the first time in twelve years that a painter had done so; it was
presented by French fashion designer agnès b. Ofili joked, "Oh
man. Thank God! Where's my cheque?" and said: "I don't know what to
say. I am just really happy. I can't believe it. It feels like a film
and I will watch the tape when I get home." One of Ofili's works,
No Woman No Cry is based on the murder of Stephen Lawrence, killed in
a race attack.
The jury included musician Neil Tennant, author Marina Warner, curator
Fumio Nanjo and
British Council officer Ann Gallagher, chaired by
Other nominees included installation artist Tacita Dean, sculptor
Cathy de Monchaux and video artist Sam Taylor-Wood. Ofili became the
first painter to win the
Turner Prize since
Howard Hodgkin in 1985.
The Prize was given to Steve McQueen for his video based on a Buster
Keaton film. Some media attention was given to Tracey Emin's exhibit
My Bed, which was a double bed in a dishevelled state with stained
sheets, surrounded by detritus such as soiled underwear, condoms,
slippers and empty drink bottles. Two artists, Yuan Chai and Jian Jun
Xi, jumped onto the bed, stripped to their underwear, and had a pillow
fight. Police detained the two, who called their performance Two Naked
Men Jump into Tracey's Bed. Other nominees included
Steven Pippin and
collaborative sibling duo Jane and Louise Wilson.
Wolfgang Tillmans, winner in 2000
The prize was won by Wolfgang Tillmans. Other entries included a large
painting by Glenn Brown based very closely on a science fiction
illustration published some years previously.
Michael Raedecker and
Tomoko Takahashi were also nominated.
First Stuckist demonstration, 2000
The Stuckist art group staged their first demonstration against the
prize, dressed as clowns, describing it as an "ongoing national joke"
and "a state-funded advertising agency for Charles Saatchi", adding
"the only artist who wouldn't be in danger of winning the Turner Prize
is Turner", and concluding that it "should be re-named The Duchamp
Award for the destruction of artistic integrity". The Guardian
announced the winner of
Turner Prize with the headline "Turner Winner
Riles the Stuckists".
Jacqueline Crofton threw eggs in protest at winner Martin Creed's
Controversy was caused by winner Martin Creed's installation Work No.
227: the lights going on and off consisting of an empty room whose
lighting periodically came on and went off. Artist Jacqueline Crofton
threw eggs at the walls of the room containing Creed's work as a
protest. At the prize ceremony, Madonna gave him the prize and
said, "At a time when political correctness is valued over honesty I
would also like to say "Right on, motherfuckers!". This was on
live TV before the 9 pm watershed and an attempt to "bleep" it
out was too late.
Channel 4 were subsequently given an official rebuke
by the Independent Television Commission.
Other nominees included photographer Richard Billingham,
video/installation artist (and now film director)
Isaac Julien and
installation artist Mike Nelson.
The media focused on a large display by
Fiona Banner whose wall-size
text piece, Arsewoman in Wonderland, described a pornographic film in
The Guardian asked, "It's art. But is it porn?" calling in
"Britain's biggest porn star", Ben Dover, to comment. Culture
Kim Howells made a scathing criticism of the exhibits as
"conceptual bullshit". Prince Charles wrote to him: "It's good to hear
your refreshing common sense about the dreaded Turner prize. It has
contaminated the art establishment for so long." Graffiti artist
Banksy stencilled "Mind the crap" on the steps of the Tate, who called
in emergency cleaners to remove it. The prize was won by Keith
Other nominees included
Liam Gillick and Catherine Yass.
Grayson Perry, winner in 2003
Jake and Dinos Chapman
Jake and Dinos Chapman caused press attention for a sculpture, Death,
that appeared to be two cheap plastic blow-up sex dolls with a dildo.
It was in fact made of bronze, painted to look like plastic.
Attention was also given to
Grayson Perry who exhibited pots decorated
with sexual imagery, and was the prize winner. He wore a flouncy skirt
to collect the prize, announced by Sir Peter Blake, who said, after
being introduced by Sir Nicholas Serota, "Thank you very much Nick.
I'm quite surprised to be here tonight, because two days ago I had a
phone call asking if I would be a judge for the Not the Turner Prize.
And two years ago I was asked by the Stuckists to dress as a clown and
come and be on the steps outside, so I am thrilled and slightly
surprised to be here."
Other nominees included
Willie Doherty (his second nomination since
1994) and Anya Gallaccio.
The media focused on a large computer simulation of a former hideout
Osama bin Laden
Osama bin Laden by Ben Langlands and Nikki Bell, as well as the
fact that one of their exhibits, a film in a
Kabul courtroom was
withdrawn as it related to an ongoing trial of a suspected Afghan
warlord. Betting favourite
Jeremy Deller won the prize with his
film Memory Bucket, documenting both George W. Bush's hometown
Crawford, Texas – and the siege in Waco nearby. The prize money was
increased this year with £25,000 to the winner, and, for the first
time, other nominees were rewarded (with £5,000 each).
Other nominees included
Kutluğ Ataman and
installation/photograph/sculpture artist Yinka Shonibare, who was
tipped as the public's favourite among the other nominees.
Isabella Blow arrives as a guest at the 2005 Prize
A great deal was made in the press about the winning entry by Simon
Starling, which was a shed that he had converted into a boat, sailed
River Rhine and turned back into a shed again. Two newspapers
bought sheds and floated them to parody the work. The prize was
presented by Culture Minister, David Lammy. Before introducing him,
Sir Nicholas Serota, in an "unusual, possibly unprecedented" move,
took the opportunity to make "an angry defence" of the Tate's purchase
of The Upper Room.
Main article: 2006 Turner Prize
The nominees were announced on 16 May 2006. The exhibition of
nominees' work opened at
Tate Britain on 3 October. Yoko Ono, the
celebrity announcer chosen for the year, declared
Tomma Abts the
winner on 4 December during a live
Channel 4 broadcast, although this
was part of the evening news broadcast, rather than in a dedicated
programme as in recent years. The total prize money was £40,000.
£25,000 awarded to the winner and £5,000 to each of the other 3
nominees. The prize was sponsored by the makers of Gordon's Gin.
Under the Freedom of Information Act,
The Sunday Telegraph obtained
emails between the
Tate and judge Lynn Barber, which revealed that the
judges had been sent a list of shows by artists too late to be able to
see them and instead were being supplied with catalogues and
photographs of work.
More controversy ensued when Barber wrote in
The Observer about her
troubles as a judge, even asking, "Is it all a fix?", a comment
subsequently displayed on a Stuckist demonstration placard, much to
The Judges were:
Lynn Barber, journalist, The Observer
Margot Heller, director, South London Gallery
Matthew Higgs, Director and Chief Curator, White Columns, New York
Andrew Renton, writer and Director of Curating, Goldsmiths College
Nicholas Serota, director,
Tate and Chairman of the Jury
Main article: 2007 Turner Prize
The winner of the £25,000 Prize was Mark Wallinger. His display
Turner Prize show was Sleeper, a film of him dressed in a bear
costume wandering around an empty museum, but the prize was officially
given for State Britain, which recreated all the objects in Brian
Haw's anti-war display in Parliament Square, London. The judges
commended Wallinger's work for its "immediacy, visceral intensity and
historic importance", and called it "a bold political statement with
art's ability to articulate fundamental human truths." The prize
was presented by Dennis Hopper.
For the first time in its 23-year history, the
Turner Prize was held
outside London, in
Liverpool (in support of
Liverpool being the
European Capital of Culture
European Capital of Culture in 2008). Concurrently there was an
exhibition of previous winners at
Tate Britain in London.
Unlike recent years, Sir
Nicholas Serota was not the jury chairman;
instead, the chairman was Christoph Grunenberg, the Director of Tate
Liverpool. The panel was:
Fiona Bradley, Director of the Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh
Michael Bracewell, critic and writer
Thelma Golden, Director and Chief Curator of the Studio Museum, Harlem
Miranda Sawyer, writer and broadcaster
Christoph Grunenberg, Director of
Liverpool (Chairman of the
The nominees were:
Mark Wallinger for his
Tate Britain installation, State Britain
Nathan Coley, a
Glasgow artist, who makes installations based on
Zarina Bhimji, a Ugandan Asian photographer and filmmaker
Mike Nelson, an installation artist
Nelson and Wallinger had both previously been nominated for the prize.
The Stuckists announced that they were not demonstrating for the first
time since 2000, because of "the lameness of this year's show,
which does not merit the accolade of the traditional demo".
Instead, art group AAS re-enacted previous
Stuckist demonstrations in
protest against their own practice at the Royal Standard Turner Prize
Main article: 2008 Turner Prize
Mark Leckey was the winner of the
Turner Prize of 2008.
For the second year running, Sir
Nicholas Serota did not chair the
Turner Prize jury; instead Stephen Deuchar, director of
was the chair. The other members were Jennifer Higgie, editor of
frieze, Daniel Birnbaum, rector of the
Städelschule international art
academy, Frankfurt, architect David Adjaye, and Suzanne Cotter, senior
curator, Modern Art Oxford. The prize winner received £25,000 and
the other three nominees £5,000 each. In recent years the prize has
attracted commercial sponsorship, but did not have any during the 2008
events. The nominees were Runa Islam, Mark Leckey, Goshka Macuga,
and Cathy Wilkes; the Prize exhibition opened at
Tate Britain on 30
September and the winner was announced on 1 December.
Main article: 2009 Turner Prize
The winner of the £25,000 Prize was Richard Wright. Stephen
Deuchar again chaired the jury.
The other shortlisted artists were Enrico David,
Roger Hiorns and Lucy
Main article: 2010 Turner Prize
The winner was
Susan Philipsz who graduated from Duncan of Jordanstone
College of Art & Design in Dundee. She was the first artist ever
to win with a purely aural work, having made an installation under
three bridges in
Glasgow in which she sang folklorised versions of the
sea shanty "Lowlands Away". For the Turner Prize, the work consisted
simply of loudspeakers installed along the walls in a gallery room.
The other artists nominated were Dexter Dalwood, Angela de la Cruz,
and the Otolith Group.
Main article: 2011 Turner Prize
2011 Turner Prize took place in
Gateshead at the Baltic Centre for
Contemporary Art, away from the
Tate in London for the first time
since 2007. The winner was Martin Boyce. The other nominees were
Hilary Lloyd and George Shaw. The prize ceremony was
interrupted by the international streaker Mark Roberts who was hired
by the artist Benedikt Dichgans.
149,770 people visited the exhibition in Gateshead making it the
Turner Prize exhibition ever.
Main article: 2012 Turner Prize
The nominees for the 2012 prize were Spartacus Chetwynd, Luke Fowler
(graduate of Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art),
Paul Noble and
Talulah Gosh member Elizabeth Price was awarded the £25,000
Main article: 2013 Turner Prize
2013 Turner Prize were held at
Ebrington in Derry, the first-time
the prize was awarded outside England, as part of the UK City of
Culture celebrations. The prize jury was chaired by Penelope Curtis,
Tate Britain. The nominees for the 2013 award were Laure
Prouvost, Tino Sehgal, David Shrigley, and Lynette Yiadom-Boakye. The
winner of the 2013 prize was Laure Prouvost.
The nominees for the 2014 award were Duncan Campbell, Ciara Phillips,
James Richards and Tris Vonna-Michell. The winner of the 2014
prize was Duncan Campbell.
The nominees for the 2015 award were Bonnie Camplin, Janice Kerbel,
Nicole Wermers, and Assemble. The winner of the 2015 prize was
Assemble. The exhibition was held in Glasgow, Scotland, in the
Tramway, a contemporary art, theatre and dance space.
The nominees for the 2016 award were Michael Dean, Anthea Hamilton,
Helen Marten, and Josephine Pryde. Marten was announced as the
winner of the 2016 prize on 5 December.
The nominees for the 2017 award are Lubaina Himid, Rosalind
Nashashibi, Hurvin Anderson, and Andrea Büttner. The exhibition
was held in Hull, at the Ferens Art Gallery, as part of Hull UK City
of Culture 2017. The winner was Himid.
Janet Street-Porter: "a valuable role"
Richard Cork said, "there will never be a substitute for
approaching new art with an open mind, unencumbered by rancid
clichés. As long as the
Turner Prize facilitates such engagement, the
buzz surrounding it will remain a minor distraction."
In 2006, newspaper columnist
Janet Street-Porter condemned the
Stuckists' "feeble knee-jerk reaction" to the prize and said, "The
Turner Prize and Becks Futures both entice thousands of young people
into art galleries for the first time every year. They fulfil a
Sarah Thornton said that the
Turner Prize "has a reputation for being
a reliable indicator of an artist's ability to sustain a vibrant art
practice over the long term, but perhaps it is a self-fulfilling
prophecy. The personal confidence gained from being nominated can
galvanize an artist's ambitions, while the museum's public endorsement
leads to further exhibition opportunities."
Dan Fox, associate editor of frieze, said that the
Turner Prize should
be considered a barometer for the mood of the nation.
Kim Howells: "cold mechanical, conceptual bullshit"
Evening Standard critic
Brian Sewell wrote "The annual farce of
Turner Prize is now as inevitable in November as is the pantomime
Matthew Collings wrote: "
Turner Prize art is based on a formula
where something looks startling at first and then turns out to be
expressing some kind of banal idea, which somebody will be sure to
tell you about. The ideas are never important or even really ideas,
more notions, like the notions in advertising. Nobody pursues them
anyway, because there's nothing there to pursue." 
The art critic David Lee has argued that since the re-organisation of
the prize in 1991 the shortlist has been dominated by artists
represented by a small number of London dealers, namely Nicholas
Logsdail of the Lisson Gallery, and others closely linked to the
collector Charles Saatchi: Jay Jopling,
Maureen Paley and Victoria
Lisson Gallery has had the most success of any gallery with
Turner Prize from 1991 to 2004.
In 2002, Culture Minister (and former art student)
Kim Howells pinned
the following statement to a board in a room specially-designated for
"If this is the best British artists can produce then British art is
lost. It is cold mechanical, conceptual bullshit.
P.S. The attempts at conceptualisation are particularly pathetic and
symptomatic of a lack of conviction."
Alternative and spoof prizes
Turner Prize has spawned various other prizes in reaction to or
ridiculing it. In 1993, the
K Foundation gave an "Anti-Turner Prize"
of £40,000 for the "worst artist in Britain" with the same short list
as the official prize: the winner of both prizes was Rachel Whiteread.
In 1999, Trevor Prideaux organised the ongoing
Turnip Prize as "a crap
art competition... You can enter anything you like, but it must be
rubbish"; the judging criteria include "Lack of effort" and "Is it
shit?". In 2000 the Stuckists instituted "The Real Turner Prize" for
painters, and an "Art Clown of the Year Award" for "outstanding idiocy
in the visual arts", both continued in subsequent years (the Clown
award given in 2002 to Serota).
In 2002, Quintessentially, a private members' club run by Tom Parker
Bowles, ran the "Alternative Turner Prize" with judges including Brian
Sewell, who said it was for "a wider and more generous choice of art
and artist." In 2003, the
Daily Mail ran a "Not the Turner Prize"
competition. In 2005, the BBC staged a "Mock Turner". In 2002, the
alTURNERtive Prize was established at
Welling School in Bexley,
London, by Henry Ward. The exhibition celebrates the contemporary
artwork by students aged 14–18. Since 2002 the exhibition has been
judged by critics such as Michael Archer (who judged the Turner Prize
Keith Tyson won) and has been presented by Richard Wentworth,
Hew Locke and Ryan Gander.
In 2007, an "Alternative Turner Prize" was staged at
for those aged 13–25. Also in that year, Merseyside Stop the War
Coalition held the "Alturnertive Turner Prize" in
support from Mark Wallinger. And again in 2007 John Lowrie
Morrison initiated the
Jolomo Award a £20,000 prize for Scottish
Landscape painting as a sort of Anti
Turner Prize (now £25,000 for
winner, £35,000 for all the prizes).
In 2008, a "Turner Prize" was promoted by two brothers named Turner
Holmfirth Arts Festival with exhibits in vans.
List of prizes, medals, and awards
Marcel Duchamp Prize
Turnip Prize – awarded annually as a spoof of the Turner Prize
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Turner Prize goes to
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bike) it's the winner", The Guardian, 6 December 2005. Retrieved 24
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artists… It must be the Turner Prize", The Sunday Telegraph, 30
April 2006. Retrieved 20 May 2006.
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The Guardian, 3 December 2007. Retrieved 3 December 2007.
Turner Prize 07". tate.org. Retrieved 21 May 2007
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Turner Prize". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original
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^ Reynolds, Nigel. "
Mark Wallinger wins 2007 Turner Prize", Daily
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Turner Prize Protest Apology", 3:AM Magazine, 2 December
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^ I am The Great Grock. YouTube. 5 December 2007.
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bloomberg.com, 13 May 2008. Retrieved 14 May 2008.
Tate courts controversy with
Turner Prize shortlist", The Times, 14
May 2008. Retrieved 14 May 2008.
^ Higgins, Charlotte (7 December 2009). "Artist Richard Wright strikes
gold as winner of this year's Turner prize". The Guardian. London.
Retrieved 8 December 2009.
^ Adams, Stephen; Moore, Matthew (7 December 2009). "Turner Prize
awarded to painter Richard Wright". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved
26 May 2010.
^ Charlotte Higgins (6 December 2010). "Turner prize won by Susan
Philipsz for a sound installation". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 6
^ Higgins, Charlotte (5 December 2011). "
Martin Boyce wins Turner
prize 2011". The Guardian. London.
^ "Streaker at posh North art bash revealls all". Sunday Sun. 11
December 2011. Archived from the original on 12 January 2012.
^ Martin Wainwright (9 January 2012). "
Turner Prize visitors to
Gateshead's Baltic beat (almost) all hopes". the Guardian.
^ Brian Daniel (9 January 2012). "
Turner Prize visitor figures at
Baltic put London to shame". journallive.
^ Nick Clark (3 December 2012). "Elizabeth Price takes Turner Prize
2012 for 'seductive' video trilogy". The Independent. London.
Retrieved 3 December 2012.
^ Masters, Tim (7 May 2014). "
Turner Prize 2014: What's the verdict?".
BBC News. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
^ Brown, Mark (1 December 2014). "Turner prize 2014: Duncan Campbell
wins Britain's prestigious art award". The Guardian. Retrieved 2
^ Brown, Mark (12 May 2015). "Turner prize 2015 shortlist: three women
– and a housing estate". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
^ "Assemble help
Turner Prize rediscover the art of controversy". BBC
News. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
Missing or empty title= (help)
^ "Turner Prize:
Helen Marten wins 2016 award". BBC News Online. BBC.
5 December 2016. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
^ Brown, Mark (3 May 2017). "Older artists on Turner prize shortlist
after it removes upper age limit". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 December
Missing or empty title= (help)
^ Brown, Mark (2017-12-05). "
Lubaina Himid becomes oldest artist to
win Turner prize". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved
^ "The Turner Prize: Everyone's a winner"
Tate Magazine (2002) on the
Tate web site. Retrieved 15 January 2007
^ Street-Porter, Janet (2006)"Paul is better off without Heather"
Archived 21 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine. The Independent, 18 May
2006 (pay to view). Retrieved 20 May 2006.
^ "Review: Seven Days in the Art World by Sarah Thornton". the
^ Fox, Dan. "Comment
Turner Prize 2007", frieze.
^ Collings, Matthew. "Blake's Progress", The Observer, 22 October
2000. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
^ "A custard pie for Serota as
Turner Prize winner named", The Daily
Telegraph, 9 December 2002. Retrieved 27 March 2006
^ Gibbons, Fiachra. "Crucified artist up for Alternative Turner", The
Guardian, 30 November 2002. Retrieved 17 November 2008.
^ "Judge our Mock Turner final" BBC, 29 November 2005. Retrieved 15
^ "Alternative Turner Prize", BBC. Retrieved 17 November 2008.
Turner Prize Competition 2007", Tate. Retrieved 17
^ Anderson, Vicky. "Stop the War launches rival art contest",
Liverpool Daily Post, 21 November 2007. Retrieved 17 November 2008.
^ Unmade beds? That’s diabolical, says
John Lowrie Morrison –
Sunday Times article about the 2009 Jolomo Awards.
^ Barrow, Peter."Vanguard of valley art on display!", Huddersfield
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