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The Zakarpattia Oblast
Zakarpattia Oblast
(Ukrainian: Закарпатська область, translit. Zakarpats’ka oblast’; see other languages) is an administrative oblast (province) located in southwestern Ukraine, coterminous with the historical region of Carpathian Ruthenia. Its administrative centre is the city of Uzhhorod. Other major cities within the oblast include Mukachevo, Khust, Berehove
Berehove
and Chop which is home to railroad transport infrastructure. Zakarpattia Oblast
Zakarpattia Oblast
was established on 22 January 1946, after Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
ceded the territory of Subcarpathian Ruthenia (Czech: Podkarpatská Rus) to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, under a treaty between Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
and the Soviet Union. Some scholars say that during the Ukrainian independence referendum held in 1991, Zakarpattia Oblast
Zakarpattia Oblast
voters were given a separate option on whether or not they favoured autonomy for the region.[4] Although a large majority favoured autonomy, it was not granted.[4] However, this referendum was about self-government status, not about autonomy (like in Crimea).[5] Situated in the Carpathian Mountains
Carpathian Mountains
of western Ukraine, Zakarpattia Oblast is the only Ukrainian administrative division which borders upon four countries: Poland, Slovakia, Hungary
Hungary
and Romania. The Carpathian Mountains
Carpathian Mountains
play a major part in the oblast's economy, making the region an important tourist and travel destination housing many ski and spa resorts. With its almost 13,000 square kilometres (5,000 sq mi), the oblast is ranked 23rd by area and 15th by population as according to the 2001 Ukrainian Census, the population of Zakarpattia Oblast
Zakarpattia Oblast
is 1,254,614. This total includes people of many different nationalities of which Hungarians, Romanians
Romanians
and Rusyns
Rusyns
constitute significant minorities in some of the province's cities, while in others, they form the majority of the population (as in the case of Berehove).

Contents

1 Name 2 Geography 3 History 4 Politics 5 Administrative divisions

5.1 Raions 5.2 Urban settlements

5.2.1 Cities of regional significance 5.2.2 Other urban settlements

6 Demographics

6.1 Religion 6.2 Age structure 6.3 Median age

7 Economy 8 Culture

8.1 Wooden churches

9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Name[edit] The oblast is also referred to as the Transcarpathian Oblast, Transcarpathia, Zakarpattya, or historically as Subcarpathian Rus. In other languages the oblast is named:

Rusyn: Подкарпатьска област, translit. Podkarpat’ska oblast.[citation needed] Hungarian: Kárpátalja Czech: Podkarpatská Rus Slovak: Zakarpatská oblasť Polish: Obwód zakarpacki Romanian: Maramureșul de Nord ([maraˈmureʃul de ˈnord]) or Romanian: Regiunea Transcarpatia ([red͡ʒiˈune̯a transkarˈpat͡i.a]) Russian: Закарпатская область, translit. Zakarpatskaya oblast

While the name Transcarpathia is a translation of the Ukrainian version of the name, the Hungarian name translates as Subcarpathia, following the Hungarian language
Hungarian language
logic "feet of the mountains", naming a territory after its geographic location at the lower section of a mountain range. (Following the same language pattern that applies to the name of the sub-Alpian territory in Western Hungary, Alpokalja)[6] Generally, the Transcarpathia name and its versions reflect the East Slavic language logic, while some Western languages follow the same logic as the Hungarian:[7]

English: Subcarpathia, Subcarpathian Rus, Subcarpathian Ruthenia, Sub-Carpathian Ukraine French: Ukraine
Ukraine
Subcarpathique, Russie subcarpathique

Other Western languages follow their own logic in creating a name for the region:

German: Karpatenrussland, Karpatenland, Karpathenland, Karpatho-Russland, Karpatenukraine, Karpato-Ukraine

The coat of arms of Zakarpattia was originally created in the end of the 1910s in the then Czechoslovakia. Geography[edit] The Zakarpattia Oblast
Zakarpattia Oblast
has a total area of 12,800 km2 (4,942 sq mi) and is located on southwestern slopes and foothills of the Carpathian Mountains
Carpathian Mountains
covering around 80% of area in the region.[8] The rest of the region is covered by the Transcarpathian Lowland
Transcarpathian Lowland
which is part of the Pannonian plain. Zakarpattia is the only Ukrainian oblast to have boundaries with four countries: Poland, Slovakia, Hungary
Hungary
and Romania.[9] On the West it borders the Prešov and Košice Regions of Slovakia
Slovakia
and Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén
Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén
and Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg
Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg
Counties of Hungary, on the South—the Satu Mare and Maramureş Counties of Romania, on the East and Northeast— Ivano-Frankivsk
Ivano-Frankivsk
Oblast, and on the North— Lviv Oblast
Lviv Oblast
and the Subcarpathian Voivodeship
Subcarpathian Voivodeship
of Poland.

The forest-covered mountainous landscape within the oblast.

The Zakarpattia Oblast
Zakarpattia Oblast
mostly consists of mountains and small hills covered with deciduous and coniferous forests, as well as alpine meadows. Mountains cover about 80% of the oblast's area, and cross from North-East to South-East.[10] The Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians, part of which are located within Zakarpattia Oblast, were recognized as a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
in 2007.[11] The largest rivers that flow through the oblast include the Tysa, Borzhava, and the Tereblia. A high altitude lake is located in Rakhiv Raion, which is the highest in the region. It is called Nesamovyte.[12] The lake is located in the Hoverla
Hoverla
preserve on the slopes of Turkul mountain. The lake's area is 3,000 square metres (32,000 sq ft) and it is located 1,750 metres (5,740 ft) above sea level. The region's climate is moderate and continental[8] with about 700–1,000 mm (28–39 in) of rainfall per year.[9] The average temperature in summer is +21 °С (70 °F) and −4 °С (25 °F) in winter.[8] With an elevation of 2,061 metres (6,762 ft) above sea level, Hoverla, part of the Chornohora
Chornohora
mountain range, is the highest point in the oblast.[8] The lowest point, 101 m (331 ft) above sea level, is located in the village of Ruski Heyevtsi (Oroszgejőc in Hungarian) in the Uzhhorodskyi Raion.[10] Four of the oblast's historical-cultural sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine
Ukraine
competition in 2007: Palanok Castle, Museum upon the Chorna River, Mykhailiv Orthodox Church, and the Nevytsky Castle. History[edit] See also: Carpathian Ruthenia

Carpathian highlanders

The lands of Transcarpathia were part of the Kingdom of Hungary
Hungary
since 896. As such, it formed part of Austria- Hungary
Hungary
until the latter's demise at the end of World War I. It approximately consists of four Hungarian counties (comitatus): Bereg, Ung, Ugocsa
Ugocsa
and Maramaros. This region was briefly part of the short-lived West Ukrainian National Republic in 1918. The region was annexed by Romania
Romania
by the end of that year, mostly the eastern portion such as Rakhiv
Rakhiv
and Khust. It was later recaptured by Hungarian Soviet Republic
Hungarian Soviet Republic
in the summer of 1919. Finally, under the name Subcarpathian Rus (Czech: Podkarpatská Rus), after the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 it was annexed to Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
with a supposedly equal level of autonomy as Slovakia and Bohemia-Moravia-Czech Silesia
Silesia
(Czech lands).[13] Nevertheless, such autonomy was granted as late as in 1938, after detrimental events of the Munich Conference; until then this land was administered directly from Prague
Prague
by the government-appointed provincial presidents (zemští prezidenti) and/or elected governors (guvernéři). The province has a unique footnote in history as the only region in the former Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
to have had an American governor: its first governor was Gregory Zatkovich, an American citizen who had earlier emigrated from the region and represented the Rusyn community in the U.S. Zatkovich was appointed governor by Czechoslovakia's first president, T. G. Masaryk in 1920, and served for about one year until he resigned over differences regarding the region's autonomy.

Zakarpattia (Hutsul Republic) as part of the territory claimed by the West Ukrainian People's Republic
West Ukrainian People's Republic
(1918)

During the World War II German occupation of Czechoslovakia, the southern part of the region was awarded to Hungary
Hungary
under the First Vienna Award in 1938. The remaining portion was constituted as an autonomous region of the short-lived Second Czechoslovak Republic. After the occupation of Bohemia
Bohemia
and Moravia
Moravia
on March 15, 1939 and the Slovak declaration of an independent state, Carpathian Ruthenia declared its independence as the Republic of Carpatho-Ukraine, but was immediately occupied and later annexed by Hungary.[14] Because it only existed on March 15th 1939 the state is known as 'the one-day republic'

Map of Carpatho-Ukraine, an entity that lasted only one day (March 15, 1939)

The major Jewish communities of the region had existed in Munkachevo, Ungvar, and Khust. During the German occupation of Hungary
Hungary
[March 1944-December 1944] , almost the entire Jewish population was deported; few survived the Holocaust.[15] In October 1944 the Sub-Carpathian Ukraine
Ukraine
was occupied by the Red Army. On 26 November 1944 in Mukacheve
Mukacheve
took place the First Congress of People's Committees of Zakarpattia Ukraine,[1] elections to which took place in November 10-25, 1944.[16] In June 29, 1945, Czechoslovak President Edvard Beneš
Edvard Beneš
signed a treaty ceding the area and the next month it was united with the Ukrainian SSR
Ukrainian SSR
through the "Manifest for unification with the Soviet Ukraine" that was accepted by the 1st Congress of People's Committees of Sub-Carpathian Ukraine
Ukraine
without any knowledge of common people. It was then annexed into the Ukrainian SSR as Zakarpattia Oblast.[15] After the break-up of the Soviet Union, it became part of independent Ukraine. After the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, Ukraine
Ukraine
held an independence referendum in which the residents of Zakarpattia were asked about the Zakarpattia Oblast
Zakarpattia Oblast
Council's proposal for self-rule.[4] About 78% of the oblast's population voted in favour of autonomy; however, it was not granted.[4] There were also propositions of separating from Ukraine
Ukraine
to rejoin Czechoslovakia,[17] but after Czechoslovakia's dissolution into the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
and the Slovak Republic (1993), these ideas have been rendered largely moot. On October 25, 2008, delegates to the Congress of Carpathian Ruthenians declared the formation of the Republic of Carpathian Ruthenia.[18] The prosecutor’s office of Zakarpattia region has filed a case against Russian Orthodox Church
Russian Orthodox Church
priest[19] Dmytro Sidor and Yevhen Zhupan, an Our Ukraine
Ukraine
party deputy of the Zakarpattia regional council and chairman of the People’s Council of Ruthenians, on charges of encroaching on the territorial integrity and inviolability of Ukraine.[20] Politics[edit] See also: Zakarpattia Oblast
Zakarpattia Oblast
local election, 2010 Zakarpattia Oblast's local administration is controlled by the Zakarpattia Oblast
Zakarpattia Oblast
Council (rada). The oblast's governor (since July 2015 Hennadiy Moskal[2]) is appointed by the President of Ukraine. Administrative divisions[edit] Main article: Administrative divisions of Zakarpattia Oblast

Raions and cities of Zakarpattia Oblast.

Historical regions in Zakarpattia Oblast:

  Ung   Bereg

  Ugocsa   Northern Maramuresh

Zakarpattia Oblast
Zakarpattia Oblast
is administratively subdivided into 13 raions (districts), as well as 5 cities (municipalities) which are directly subordinate to the oblast government: Berehove, Chop, Khust, Mukachevo, and the administrative centre of the oblast, Uzhhorod. There are a total of 7 cities, 19 towns, and more than 579 villages. Zakarpattia Oblast
Zakarpattia Oblast
incorporates four unofficial geographic-historic regions (counties): Ung, Bereg, Ugocsa
Ugocsa
and Northern Maramuresh. There is a project for a reform of the current administrative division of the Oblast[21] The oblast (region) is divided into 13 raions and five cities of regional importance including the administrative centre Uzhhorod. Administrative centres of raions may be located within a city of regional importance, while such city is not technically a part of the raion. A city of regional significance may consists of an individual populated place or be complex of several settlements (the city proper and suburbs) which are governed by own radas (councils). Further each raion divided into radas (councils). Cities and towns (urban type settlements) all have own individual councils, while villages and rural settlements may be formed into multiple settlements councils or an individual village council. All cities are either of regional importance or of district importance. Raions[edit] There are 13 raions (districts) in the oblast:

Berehove
Berehove
Raion (54,062) w/o Berehove
Berehove
city Irshava
Irshava
Raion (100,905) Khust
Khust
Raion (96,960) w/o Khust
Khust
city Mizhhiria
Mizhhiria
Raion (49,890) Mukachevo
Mukachevo
Raion (101.443) w/o Mukacheve
Mukacheve
city Perechyn
Perechyn
Raion (32,026) Rakhiv Raion
Rakhiv Raion
(90,945) Svaliava
Svaliava
Raion (54,869) Tiachiv
Tiachiv
Raion (171,850) Uzhhorod
Uzhhorod
Raion (74,399) w/o Uzhhorod
Uzhhorod
city and Chop city Velykyi Bereznyi Raion (28,211) Volovets Raion (25,474) Vynohradiv
Vynohradiv
Raion (117,957)

Urban settlements[edit]

 

v t e

Largest cities or towns in Zakarpattia Oblast Source?

Rank

Raion Pop.

Uzhhorod

Mukacheve 1 Uzhhorod Uzhhorod* 115,520

Khust

Vynohradiv

2 Mukacheve Mukacheve* 86,061

3 Khust Khust* 28,643

4 Vynohradiv Vynohradiv 25,565

5 Berehove Berehove* 24,458

6 Svaliava Svaliava 17,027

7 Rakhiv Rakhiv 15,243

8 Dubove Tiachiv 9,775

9 Mizhhirya Mizhhirya 9,616

10 Korolevo Vynohradiv 9,339

Cities of regional significance[edit]

Uzhhorod
Uzhhorod
(116,400) Mukachevo
Mukachevo
(93,738) Khust
Khust
(31,083) Berehove
Berehove
(Beregszász) (24,274) Chop (Csap) (8,436)

Other urban settlements[edit]

Vynohradiv
Vynohradiv
(Nagyszőlős) (27,600) Rakhiv
Rakhiv
(Rahó) (17,000) Svaliava
Svaliava
(16,217) Tiachiv
Tiachiv
(Técső) (9,256) Mizhhiria
Mizhhiria
(9,133) Irshava
Irshava
(9,000) Velykyy Bychkiv (8,920) Solotvyno
Solotvyno
(Slatina, Aknaszlatina) (8,774) Dubove (8,745) Velyki Luchky (8,540) Ilnytsia (8,420) Bushtyno
Bushtyno
(8,091)

Demographics[edit] See also: Hungarians
Hungarians
in Ukraine

Ethnic map of Zakarpattia Oblast
Zakarpattia Oblast
in 2001.    Ukrainians
Ukrainians
(incl. Rusyns)   Hungarians   Romanians   mixed Ukrainians
Ukrainians
(incl. Rusyns) and Russians Note: The Roma are not represented in the map.

Languages of Zakarpattia Oblast
Zakarpattia Oblast
in 2001.

According to the 2001 Ukrainian Census, the population of Zakarpattia Oblast is 1,254,614.[22] The current estimated population is 1,259,158 (2016 est.)[23]. With the comparison of the last official Soviet Census of 1989 the total population grew by 0.7%. Although Ukrainians, including ethnic Rusyns, are in the majority (80.5%),[24] other ethnic groups are relatively numerous in Zakarpattia. The largest of these are Hungarians
Hungarians
(12.1%), Romanians (2.6%), Russians
Russians
(2.5%), Roma (1.1%), Slovaks
Slovaks
(0.5%) and Germans (0.3%).[24] The Ukrainian government does not recognize the Rusyn people living in that country as a distinct nationality but rather as an ethnic sub-group of Ukrainians. About 10,100 people (0.8%) identify themselves as Rusyns
Rusyns
according to the last census.[25][verification needed] Out of 1,010,100 Ukrainians
Ukrainians
in the region, 99.2% (~1,002,019) identified their native language as Ukrainian, while about 0.5% (~5,051) consider their native language to be Russian. Out of 151,500 Hungarians, 97.1% (~147,107) consider their native language to be Hungarian, while about 2.6% (~3,939) consider their native language to be Ukrainian. Out of 32,100 Romanians, 99.1% (31,811) identified their native language to be Romanian, while 0.6% (~193) consider their language Ukrainian. Out of 31,000 Russians, 91.6% (28,396) identified their native language as Russian, while 8.1% (~2,511) consider their language Ukrainian. Out of 14,000 Romani peoples only 20.7% (2,898) identify their native language as Romani, while 62.9% (~8,806) consider their language Ukrainian or Russian. Out of 5,600 Slovaks 43.9% (2,458) identify their native language as Slovak, while 42.1% (~2,358) consider their language Ukrainian. Out of 3,500 Germans, 50.0% (1,750) acknowledge their native language, while 38.9% (~1,362) consider their language Ukrainian. About 81% of the oblast population considers the Ukrainian language
Ukrainian language
their native language, while 12.7% of population gives consideration to the Hungarian language
Hungarian language
and just over 5% considers either the Russian or Romanian languages. Around two thirds are Eastern Orthodox and around 25% Catholic. The largest denomination is the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyivan Patriarchate, followed by the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate and the Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church.[26] Smaller religious groups include Roman Catholics and Protestants, which are largely associated with minority groups; Roman Catholics and Protestants tend to be Hungarian or local Ruthenian.

Nationality Number in 2001 (%) in 1989 (%) growth (%)

Ukrainians
Ukrainians
(incl. Rusyns) 1,010,100 80.5 78.4 +3.4%

Hungarians 151,500 12.1 12.5 -2.7%

Romanians 32,100 2.6 2.4 +9.0%

Russians 31,000 2.5 4.0 -37.3%

Roma 14,000 1.1 1.0 +15.4%

Slovaks 5,600 0.5 0.6 -22.3%

Germans 3,500 0.3 0.3 +3.0%

Year Fertility Birth Year Fertility Birth Year Fertility Birth

1990 2,2 21 251 2000 1,5 14 481 2010 1,9 18 301

1991 2,2 21 059 2001 1,4 13 699 2011 1,9 18 460

1992 2,2 20 559 2002 1,5 14 207

1993 2,0 19 264 2003 1,5 14 747

1994 1,9 17 725 2004 1,5 15 472

1995 1,8 17 320 2005 1,6 15 750

1996 1,7 16 473 2006 1,7 16 530

1997 1,6 15 708 2007 1,7 16 833

Their languages and culture are respected by the provision of education, clubs, etc. in their respective languages. Those who recognize Ukrainian as their native language total 81.0% of the population, Hungarian — 12.7%, Russian — 2.9%, Romanian — 2.6%,[22] and Rusyn — 0.5%[27] Residents in seven of Mukachivskyi Raion's villages have the option to learn the Hungarian language
Hungarian language
in a school or home school environment.[3] Zakarpattia is home to approximately 14,000 ethnic Roma (Gypsies), the highest proportion of Roma in any oblast in Ukraine. The first Hungarian College in Ukraine
Ukraine
is in Berehovo, the II. Rákoczi Ferenc College. Beside the major ethnic groups, Zakarpattia is home to several Ukrainian ethnic sub-groups such as Boykos, Lemky, Hutsuls, and others. Religion[edit]

Religion in Zakarpattia Oblast
Zakarpattia Oblast
(2015)[26]    Eastern Orthodoxy
Eastern Orthodoxy
(68%)   Eastern Catholicism (19%)    Roman Catholicism
Roman Catholicism
(7%)   Unaffiliated Christian
Christian
(3%)    Protestantism
Protestantism
(1%)   No religion (1%)   Undecided (1%)

According to a 2015 survey, 68% of the population of Zakarpattia Oblast adheres to Eastern Orthodoxy, while 19% are followers of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church
Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church
and 7% are Roman Catholics. Protestants and unaffiliated generic Christians make up 1% and 3% of the population respectively. Only one percent of the population does not follow any religion.[26] The Orthodox community of Zakarpattia is divided as follows:

Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyivan Patriarchate
Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyivan Patriarchate
- 42% Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate - 33% Non-denominational - 25%

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 19.1% (male 123,009/female 116,213) 15-64 years: 69.8% (male 428,295/female 445,417) 65 years and over: 11.1% (male 48,826/female 89,800) (2013 official)

Median age[edit]

total: 35.1 years male: 33.2 years female: 37.1 years (2013 official)

Economy[edit]

A salt mine in the town of Solotvyno.

Situated in the Carpathian Mountains, Zakarpattia Oblast's economy depends mostly on trans-border trade, vinery and forestry. The oblast is also home to a special economic zone.[28][29] The oblast's main industry includes woodworking. Other industries include food, light industry, and mechanical engineering. The foodstuffs segment in the structure of ware production of national consumption is 45%. The total number of large industrial organisations is 319, compared to 733 small industrial organisations.[9] The most common crops grown within the region include cereals, potatoes and other vegetables. In 1999, the total amount of grain produced was 175,800 tons, of sunflower seeds — 1,300 tons, and potatoes — 378,200 tons.[9] The region also produced 76,100 tons of meat, 363,400 tons of milk and 241,900,000 eggs.[9] The total amount of registered farms in the region was 1,400 in 1999.[9] Culture[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2011)

Church in Kolodne.

Wooden churches[edit]

Sredne Vodyane churches Verkhnye Vodyane church Danylovo church Kolodne church Krainykovo church Nyzhnie Selyshche church Oleksandrivka (uk) church Sokyrnytsia church

See also[edit]

Carpathian Ruthenia, small historical region Carpatho-Ukraine, a short-lived Ukrainian state on the territory Ruthenians and Ukrainians
Ukrainians
in Czechoslovakia Museum of Folk Architecture and Life, museum displaying Zakarpattia architecture Eparchy of Mukačevo and Prešov Kárpátalja football team

References[edit]

Notes

^ a b Today Zakarpattia became part of Ukraine. 68 year ago (Сьогодні Закарпаття увійшло до складу України. 68 років тому). 7dniv. 29 June 2013 ^ a b Poroshenko appoints volunteer Heorhiy Tuka head of Luhansk Regional State Administration, Ukraine
Ukraine
Today (22 July 2015) ^ a b "Mukachivskyi Raion: Social data". Zakarpattia Oblast Administration. Retrieved 2007-06-02.  ^ a b c d Magocsi, Paul Robert (2007). Ukraine: An Illustrated History. Seattle: University of Washington Press. ISBN 0-295-98723-5.  ^ Kuzio, Taras. "The Rusyn Question in Ukraine: sorting out fact from fiction". Canadian Review of Studies in Nationalism. XXXII (2005).  ^ "The name "Kárpátalja", as it appears on the cover of the journal of the Transcarpathian section of the Hungarian Writers' Union" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-03-02.  ^ " Christian
Christian
Pischlöger: Kárpátalja vagy Kárpátontúl? College of Nyíregyháza" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-03-02.  ^ a b c d "Geography". Zakarpattia Oblast
Zakarpattia Oblast
Council (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2007-11-18.  ^ a b c d e f "Zakarpattya Region". Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. Retrieved 2007-06-01.  ^ a b "Transcarpathia is my region". All Zakarpattya. Retrieved 2007-06-01.  ^ "Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians". UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2007-07-04.  ^ Nesamovyte Lake profile (in Russian) ^ Subtelny, Orest (2000). Ukraine: A History. University of Toronto Press. p. 448. ISBN 0-8020-8390-0.  ^ Subtelny, p. 458 ^ a b "History of the region". All Zakarpattya. Retrieved 2007-06-01.  ^ First Congress of People's Committees of Zakarpattia Ukraine (ПЕРШИЙ З'ЇЗД НАРОДНИХ КОМІТЕТІВ ЗАКАРПАТСЬКОЇ УКРАЇНИ). Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia. ^ Subtelny, p. 578 ^ "Svoboda Party Calls On SBU To Launch Criminal Case Against Delegates To Congress Of Carpathian Ruthenians For Declaring Carpathian Ruthenia
Carpathian Ruthenia
Republic". Retrieved 2008-11-06.  ^ Is Yushchenko’s Top Aide Backing Ruthenian Separatist Movement?, The Jamestown Foundation, 5 November 2008 ^ "Prosecutors File
File
Case Against People Who Initiated Proclamation Of Carpathian Ruthenian Republic On Separatism Charges". Retrieved 2008-11-06.  (broken link) ^ Admin. div. reform (in Ukrainian) ^ a b "Regions of Ukraine
Ukraine
/ Zakarpattia region". 2001 Ukrainian Census. Retrieved 2007-06-01.  ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 19 July 2016.  ^ a b "General results of the census / National composition of population / Zakarpattia region". 2001 Ukrainian Census. Retrieved 2013-01-28.  ^ "General results of the census / National composition of population / Zakarpattia region". 2001 Ukrainian Census (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2007-06-03.  ^ a b c "Релігійні вподобання населення України". infolight.org.ua. 26 May 2015. Retrieved 13 March 2018.  ^ "Regions of Ukraine
Ukraine
/ Results of the census". 2001 Ukrainian Census (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2007-06-03.  ^ "History of the Region". World Gazetteer. Retrieved 2007-06-01.  ^ Laws of Ukraine. Verkhovna Rada
Rada
law No. 2322-III: On the official economic zone of "Zakarpattia". Adopted on 2004-03-31. (Ukrainian)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zakarpattia Oblast.

carpathia.gov.ua — Official website of Zakarpattia Oblast Administration (in Ukrainian)/(in English) Zakarpattia Council official site (in Ukrainian) Zaholovok — Zakarpattia actual news(in Ukrainian) Zakarpattia essays — All about Zakarpattia and Ukraine Verkhovna Rada
Rada
website — Zakarpattia Oblast
Zakarpattia Oblast
data Photos and infrastructure objects of Zakarpattia on interactive map (Ukrainian Navigational Portal) News from Zakarpattia (in Ukrainian) all.zakarpattya.net — All about Zakarpattia (in English)/(in Ukrainian) mukachevo.net — Zakarpattia Oblast
Zakarpattia Oblast
informational portal (in Ukrainian) map.meta.ua — Digital map of Zakarpattia Oblast
Zakarpattia Oblast
(in Ukrainian) Zakarpattia Oblast
Zakarpattia Oblast
– photographs Dictionary of transcarpathian words (in Ukrainian)

Places adjacent to Zakarpattia Oblast

 Slovakia Prešov Region  Poland Podkarpackie Voivodeship Lviv Oblast
Lviv Oblast
/ Ivano-Frankivsk
Ivano-Frankivsk
Oblast

 Slovakia Košice Region

Zakarpattia

Ivano-Frankivsk
Ivano-Frankivsk
Oblast

 Hungary Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg
Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg
County  Romania Satu Mare County  Romania Maramureș County

v t e

Administrative divisions of Zakarpattia Oblast

Administrative center: Uzhhorod

Raions

Berehove Irshava Khust Mizhhirya Mukachevo Perechyn Rakhiv Svaliava Tiachiv Uzhhorod Velykyi Bereznyi Volovets Vynohradiv

Cities

Regional

Chop Berehove Mukachevo Khust Uzhhorod

District

Irshava Perechyn Rakhiv Svaliava Tiachiv Vynohradiv

Urban-type settlements Category:Zakarpattia Oblast

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 Administrative divisions of Ukraine

Capital: Kiev

Oblasts

Cherkasy Chernihiv Chernivtsi Dnipropetrovsk Donetsk Ivano-Frankivsk Kharkiv Kherson Khmelnytskyi Kiev Kirovohrad Luhansk Lviv Mykolaiv Odessa Poltava Rivne Sumy Ternopil Vinnytsia Volyn Zakarpattia Zaporizhia Zhytomyr

Cities with special status

Kiev Sevastopol1

Autonomous republic

Crimea1

Administrative centers

Cherkasy Chernihiv Chernivtsi Dnipro Donetsk Ivano-Frankivsk Kharkiv Kherson Khmelnytskyi Kiev Kropyvnytskyi Luhansk Lutsk Lviv Mykolaiv Odessa Poltava Rivne Sevastopol Simferopol Sumy Ternopil Uzhhorod Vinnytsia Zaporizhia Zhytomyr

1Claimed and controlled by Russia
Russia
as the Republic of Crimea
Republic of Crimea
and the Federal City of Sevastopol

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Timeline of Czechoslovak statehood

Pre-1918 1918–1938 1938–1945 1945–1948 1948–1989 1989–1992 1993–

Bohemia Moravia Silesia Austrian Empire First Republica Sudetenlandb Third Republic Czechoslovak Republice 1948–1960 Czechoslovak Socialist Republicf 1960–1990 Czech and Slovak Federative Republic 1990–1992 Czech Republic

Second  Republicc 1938–1939 Protectorate of Bohemia
Bohemia
and Moravia 1939–1945

Slovakia Kingdom of Hungary Slovak Republic 1939–1945 Slovak Republic (Slovakia)

Southern Slovakia
Slovakia
and Carpatho-Ukrained

Carpathian Ruthenia Zakarpattia Oblastg 1944 / 1946 – 1991 Zakarpattia Oblasth 1991–present

Austria-Hungary

Czechoslovak government-in-exile

a ČSR; boundaries and government established by the 1920 constitution. b Annexed by Nazi Germany. c ČSR; included the autonomous regions of Slovakia
Slovakia
and Carpathian Ruthenia. d Annexed by Hungary
Hungary
(1939–1945).

e ČSR; declared a "people's democracy" (without formal name change) under the Ninth-of-May Constitution following the 1948 coup. f ČSSR; from 1969, after the Prague
Prague
Spring, consisted of the Czech Socialist Republic (ČSR) and Slovak Socialist Republic
Slovak Socialist Republic
(SSR). g Oblast of the Ukrainian SSR. h Oblast of Ukraine.

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 244983

.