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The Info List - Terry Nation


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9 March 1997(1997-03-09) (aged 66) Los Angeles, California, United States

Cause of death Emphysema

Occupation Television writer

Genre Science fiction, comedy, horror

Notable works Creating the Daleks for Doctor Who, as well as the TV series Survivors and Blake's 7

Spouse Kate Nation

Children 2, Rebecca and Joel

Terence Joseph "Terry" Nation (8 August 1930 – 9 March 1997)[1] was a Welsh television writer and novelist. Nation first made his name as a comedy writer before becoming a prolific writer for drama, working on many of the most popular British series of the 1960s and 1970s. He made a significant contribution to the long-running BBC
BBC
science-fiction series Doctor Who
Doctor Who
from its outset, creating the villainous Daleks which established its early popularity and later devising the recurring character of Davros. Nation was also the creator of two series for the BBC, Survivors and Blake's 7, which became much-loved cult television classics.[2]

Contents

1 Life and career

1.1 Early years 1.2 Doctor Who 1.3 Survivors and Blake's 7 1.4 United States

2 Death 3 Writing credits 4 Awards and nominations 5 Bibliography 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links

Life and career[edit] Early years[edit] Born in Llandaff, Cardiff,[3] Nation initially worked in comedy, entering the industry in 1955 after a (possibly apocryphal) incident in which Spike Milligan
Spike Milligan
bought a sketch that he had written because he thought that Nation appeared hungry.[4] During the 1950s, Nation worked with John Junkin and Johnny Speight for writers' agency Associated London Scripts,[1] where he collaborated on hundreds of radio plays for comedians such as Terry Scott, Eric Sykes, Harry Worth and Frankie Howerd. His career break came in 1962, when he was commissioned to write material for Tony Hancock – first for Hancock's unsuccessful series broadcast on Associated Television
Associated Television
in 1963, and then his stage show. Although Nation accompanied Hancock as his chief screenwriter on tour in 1963, Hancock would regularly neglect Nation's scripts in favour of recycling his old material. Following an argument over this, Hancock fired Nation. Doctor Who[edit] Prior to this, Nation had declined an offer from scriptwriter David Whitaker to write for a new science-fiction programme that was entering production at the BBC; Whitaker had been impressed by a script that Nation had written for the ABC anthology series Out of this World. Now unemployed, and with a young family to support, Nation contacted Whitaker and accepted the offer, writing the second Doctor Who serial, The Daleks
The Daleks
(also known as The Mutants[5] and The Dead Planet). The serial introduced the eponymous extraterrestrial villains that would quickly become the series' most popular and enduring monsters, and resulted in a major merchandising success for the BBC. Having risen in the public consciousness, Nation went on to contribute further scripts to Doctor Who. In 1965, Nation and Dennis Spooner co-wrote the 12-part serial The Daleks' Master Plan, after which Nation, who still held the copyright to the Daleks,[6] attempted to launch a Dalek
Dalek
spin-off TV series in the United States. Various other Dalek
Dalek
tie-in material appeared, including comic strips in the children's weekly TV Century 21 and annuals; such material was frequently credited to Nation, even when written by others. Between 1966 and 1972, appearances by the Daleks in Doctor Who
Doctor Who
became less frequent and were written for the series by other authors. In 1973, following an eight-year absence from scriptwriting for the series, Nation returned to writing for the Daleks on Doctor Who
Doctor Who
with the Third Doctor
Third Doctor
serial Planet of the Daleks. In 1998, readers of Doctor Who
Doctor Who
Magazine voted Nation's 1975 serial Genesis of the Daleks the greatest Doctor Who
Doctor Who
story of all time.[7] In the story, Nation introduced the character of Davros, the creator of the Daleks, who went on to appear in further storylines.[8] Nation also wrote two non- Dalek
Dalek
scripts for Doctor Who, The Keys of Marinus[5] in 1964, which introduced the Voord
Voord
and The Android Invasion in 1975,[5] which introduced the Kraal. During this time, Nation also worked in commercial TV, contributing scripts to series such as The Avengers,[9] The Baron,[9] The Champions,[9] Department S, The Persuaders![9] and The Saint.[9] Nation's work on Doctor Who
Doctor Who
was the subject of the documentary Terror Nation, a special feature on the BBC
BBC
DVD release of the serial Destiny of the Daleks.[10] Survivors and Blake's 7[edit] Having returned to writing for Doctor Who, the BBC
BBC
commissioned Nation to create a new science-fiction drama series. First broadcast in 1975, Survivors is the post-apocalyptic story of the last humans on Earth after the world's population has been devastated by plague. Although the series was well received, Nation's creative vision conflicted with that of producer Terence Dudley,[1] and the final two seasons were produced without Nation's involvement. Meanwhile, screenwriter Brian Clemens claimed that he had related the concept for Survivors to Nation in the late 1960s, having registered it with the Writers' Guild of Great Britain
Writers' Guild of Great Britain
in 1965; Nation denied the allegations. Although the case was ultimately brought before the High Court, both sides withdrew from the proceedings after their legal costs mounted.[11] The production of Nation's next BBC
BBC
creation, Blake's 7, experienced fewer problems. This series follows a group of criminals and political prisoners who are on the run from the evil "Terran Federation", piloting a stolen spaceship of unknown origin. Running for four seasons from 1978 to 1981, Blake's 7
Blake's 7
acquired a worldwide fan following, and proved especially popular in Britain. Although Nation scripted the whole of the first season of Blake's 7, his creative influence subsequently declined in the following two seasons despite writing some key episodes, as script editor Chris Boucher exerted a greater influence on those seasons. Nation didn't write any episodes in the fourth season of Blake's 7. In the 1980s, Nation attempted, without success, to secure funding for a fifth season of Blake's 7. During the 1970s, Nation wrote a children's novel for his daughter Rebecca (after whom he named the character of Rebec in the 1973 Doctor Who
Doctor Who
serial Planet of the Daleks) titled Rebecca's World: Journey to the Forbidden Planet, as well as a novel based on Survivors.[12][13] United States[edit] In 1980, Nation moved to Los Angeles, where he developed programme ideas and worked for various production studios. Little of his work from this time was as successful as that of his earlier period in Britain. He penned scripts for the TV series MacGyver and A Fine Romance.[14] Death[edit] Nation suffered from declining health in his final years, and died from emphysema in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
on 9 March 1997, aged 66.[1] Shortly before his death, he had been collaborating with actor Paul Darrow
Paul Darrow
on another attempt to revive Blake's 7. In 2013, Nation was commemorated with a blue plaque at the house in Cardiff
Cardiff
where he was born.[3] Writing credits[edit]

Production Notes Broadcaster

The Idiot Weekly, Price 2d

5 episodes (co-written with Dave Freeman, John Junkin and Spike Milligan, 1956)

ITV

Friday the 13th

Television film (co-written with John Junkin, 1957)

BBC1

Val Parnell's Startime

Unknown episodes (co-written with John Junkin, 1958)

BBC1

The Ted Ray Show

8 episodes (co-written with John Junkin, 1958–1959)

BBC1

Hi, Summer!

14 episodes (co-written with George Wadmore, Hugh Woodhuose and John Junkin, 1959)

BBC1

The Jimmy Logan Show

8 episodes (co-written with John Junkin, 1959–1960)

BBC1

And the Same to You

Feature film (co-written with John Paddy Carstairs and John Junkin, 1960)

N/A

What a Whopper

Feature film (1961)

N/A

Out of This World

"Imposter" (1962) "Botany Bay" (1962) "Immigrant" (1962)

ABC Television

No Hiding Place

"A Run for the Sea" (1962)

ITV

Hancock

"The Assistant" (1963) "The Night Out" (1963) "The Reporter" (1963) "The Writer"" (1963)

ITV

Doctor Who

62 episodes (1963–1966, 1973–1975, 1979):

"The Daleks" (1963) "The Keys of Marinus" (1964) "The Dalek
Dalek
Invasion of Earth" (1964) "The Chase" (1965) "Mission to the Unknown" (1965) "The Daleks' Master Plan" (co-written with Dennis Spooner, 1965) "Planet of the Daleks" (1973) "Death to the Daleks" (1974) "Genesis of the Daleks" (1975) "The Android Invasion" (1975) "Destiny of the Daleks" (1979)

BBC1

ITV Play of the Week

"Uncle Selwyn" (1964)

ITV

Story Parade

"The Caves of Steel" (1964) "A Kiss Before Dying" (1964)

BBC2

Out of the Unknown

"The Fox and the Forest" (1965)

BBC2

The Baron

17 episodes (1966–1967)

ITV

The Saint

14 episodes (1964–1965, 1968)

ITV

The Champions

"The Fanatics" (1968) "The Body Snatchers" (1969)

ITV

Department S

"A Cellar Full of Silence" (1969) "The Man in the Elegant Room" (1969)

ATV

The Avengers

"Invasion of the Earthmen" (1968) "Noon-Doomsday" (1968) "Legacy of Death" (1968) "Take Me to Your Leader" (1969) "Thingumajig" (1969) "Take-Over" (1969)

ITV

And Soon the Darkness

Feature film (co-written with Brian Clemens, 1970)

N/A

The Persuaders!

7 episodes (1971–1972)

ITV

The Incredible Robert Baldick

Television film (1972)

BBC1

The House in Nightmare Park

Feature film (co-written with Clive Exton, 1973)

N/A

The Protectors

"Bagman" (1973) "Baubles, Bangles and Beads" (1973) "Route 27" (1974) "A Pocketful of Posies" (1974)

ATV

Thriller

"Color Him Dead" (co-written with Brian Clemens, 1974)

ATV

Survivors

7 episodes (1975)

"The Fourth Horseman" (1975) "Genesis" (1975) "Gone Away" (1975) "Garland's War" (1975) "The Future Hour" (1975) "Something of Value" (1975) "A Beginning" (1975)

BBC1

Blake's 7

19 episodes (1978–1980)

"The Way Back" (1978) "Space Fall" (1978) "Cygnus Alpha" (1978) Time Squad" (1978) "The Web" (1978) "Seek-Locate-Destroy" (1978) "Mission to Destiny" (1978) "Duel" (1978) "Project Avalon" (1978) "Breakdown" (1978) "Bounty" (1978) "Deliverance" (1978) "Orac" (1978) "Redemption" (1979) "Pressure Point" (1979) "Countdown" (1979) "Aftermath" (1980) "Powerplay" (1980) "Terminal" (1980)

BBC1

MacGyver

"The Golden Triangle" (1985) "Thief of Budapest" (co-written with Stephen Downing, 1985) "Target MacGyver" (1985)

ABC

A Masterpiece of Murder

Television film (co-written with Andrew J. Fenady, 1986)

NBC

A Fine Romance

"The Tomas Crown Affair" (1989)

ABC

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Award Work Category Result Reference

1975 Writers' Guild of Great Britain
Writers' Guild of Great Britain
Award Doctor Who Best Children's Drama Script (with Brian Hayles, Robert Holmes, Malcolm Hulke
Malcolm Hulke
and Robert Sloman) Won

Bibliography[edit]

Survivors (1976, ISBN 0698106644) Rebecca's World: Journey to the Forbidden Planet (1978, ISBN 0903387069)

References[edit]

^ a b c d "BFI Screenonline: Nation, Terry (1930-97) Biography". Screenonline.org.uk. Retrieved 2016-09-10.  ^ "Celebrating the life of Terry Nation
Terry Nation
- creator of the Daleks". Wales Online. 11 June 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2015.  ^ a b "Doctor Who: Daleks' creator Terry Nation
Terry Nation
has blue plaque at Cardiff
Cardiff
home". BBC
BBC
News. 20 November 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2015.  ^ "Kasterborous Doctor Who
Doctor Who
News and Reviews / Dalek
Dalek
Creator Terry Nation Chats In Archive Fanzine Interview!". Kasterborous.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2016.  ^ a b c " BBC
BBC
Two - An Adventure in Space and Time
An Adventure in Space and Time
- Terry Nation". Bbc.co.uk. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2016-09-10.  ^ Lewis, Paul (16 April 2008). "Publisher's daleks claim exterminated". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 2 February 2015.  ^ Martin, Dan (23 May 2013). "Genesis of the Daleks: Doctor Who classic episode #7". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 26 June 2015.  ^ "Terry Molloy: I, Davros". BBC. Retrieved 26 June 2015.  ^ a b c d e Hardee, Malcolm (2012-01-28). "Terry Nation, Creator of The Daleks, 'Blake's 7' and 'Survivors', Really Wanted To Be A Stand-Up Comedian". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2016-09-10.  ^ Brew, Simon (6 December 2007). "Doctor Who: Destiny of the Daleks DVD review". Den of Geek. Retrieved 26 June 2015.  ^ Bignell, Jonathan and O'Day, Andrew: Terry Nation, p. 21, Manchester University Press, 2004; ISBN 978-0-71906-547-7. ^ Tarrant, Graham "Obituary: Terry Nation", The Independent, 13 March 1997. ^ Barker, Dennis. "Obituary: Terry Nation
Terry Nation
– The Man who Invented the Daleks". The Guardian, 13 March 1997. ^ Terry Nation
Terry Nation
on IMDb

Further reading[edit]

Turner, Alwyn W.: The Man Who Invented The Daleks: The Strange Worlds of Terry Nation, London: Aurum Press, 2011, ISBN 978-1-84513-609-3.

External links[edit]

Terry Nation
Terry Nation
on IMDb Terry Nation
Terry Nation
at the British Film Institute's Screenonline Terry Nation
Terry Nation
at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Terry Nation
Terry Nation
profile, Museum of Broadcast Communications, museum.tv; accessed 26 December 2014.

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 71593618 LCCN: n88031204 ISNI: 0000 0001 1669 1860 GND: 1020014210 SUDOC: 07145408X BNF: cb14038657w (data) BNE: XX4612

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