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Taitung City is a county-controlled city and the county seat of Taitung County, Taiwan. It lies on the southeast coast of Taiwan facing the Pacific Ocean. Taitung City is the most populous subdivision of Taitung County and it is one of the major cities on the east coast of the island.

Due to the Central Mountain Range of Taiwan, ground transportation to Taitung City is very limited. The city is served by Taitung Airport. Taitung is a gateway to Green Island and Orchid Island, both of which are popular tourist destinations.

History

Taitung City under Japanese rule

Before the 16th century the Taitung plain was settled by agriculturalist Puyuma and Amis aboriginal tribes. Under Dutch rule and during Qing rule, a large part of eastern Taiwan, including today's Taitung, was called "Pi-lam" (Chinese: 卑南; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Pi-lâm).

In the late 19th century, when Liu Mingchuan was the Qing Governor of Taiwan, Han Chinese settlers moved into the Taitung region. Pi-lam Subprefecture (卑南廳) was established in 1875, and was upgraded and renamed to Taitung Prefecture in 1888, after the island was made Fujian-Taiwan Province.[2]

Empire of Japan

During Japanese rule, the central settlement was called Nankyō Village (南鄉新街). Taitō Chō (臺東廳) was one of twenty local administrative offices established in 1901. English-language works from the era refer to the place as Pinan (from Japanese) and Pilam (from Hokkien).[3] Taitō Town was established in 1920 under Taitō Prefecture, and included modern Taitung City and eastern Beinan Township. There were no Americans living here during the Japanese rule.[citation needed]

Republic of China

After handover of Taiwan from Japan to the ROC in 1945, it became Taitung Township and in 1976 it was promoted to Taitung City.

City government

Taitung City government is headquartered at Taitung City Hall which takes the responsibility for the city general administration and all of its other affairs, from folk, education, cultural popularization, negotiation, emergency help, disaster prevention, environmental taxation, cleaning control, finance, public property control, tellership, taxing help, farming and fishing control, wholesale products, marketing and business administration, urban planning, public establishment, tourism, community development, army service administration, welfare, national health insurance program and indigenous administration affairs.

Departments

  • Civil Affair Section
  • Financial Section
  • Construction Section
  • Labor Affair Section
  • Social and Army Service Section
  • Aboriginal Administration Section
  • Administration Section
  • Personnel Office
  • Budget, Accounting and Statistics Office
  • Ethics Section[4]

Climate

Taitung has a tropical monsoon climate, with a wet season from May to October, a dry season from November to April, and consistently very warm to hot temperatures with high humidity. Unlike most tropical climates, however, the dry season is foggy rather than sunny, so that moisture availability during this period is greater than the low rainfall and warm temperatures would suggest.The highest record of temperature of Taiwan was recorded in Taitung on May 9, 2004, with temperatures peaking above 40 degrees Celsius for the first time in Taiwan's recorded history.

Climate data for Taitung City (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.7
(90.9)
34.0
(93.2)
37.4
(99.3)
38.2
(100.8)
40.2
(104.4)
39.5
(103.1)
39.0
(102.2)
39.3
(102.7)
37.8
(100)
38.5
(101.3)
33.3
(91.9)
30.8
(87.4)
40.2
(104.4)
Average high °C (°F) 23.1
(73.6)
23.6
(74.5)
25.4
(77.7)
27.7
(81.9)
29.8
(85.6)
31.4
(88.5)
32.3
(90.1)
32.2
(90)
31.0
(87.8)
29.3
(84.7)
26.9
(80.4)
24.1
(75.4)
28.07
(82.52)
Daily mean °C (°F) 19.5
(67.1)
20.0
(68)
21.8
(71.2)
24.1
(75.4)
26.2
(79.2)
27.8
(82)
28.9
(84)
28.7
(83.7)
27.5
(81.5)
25.7
(78.3)
23.3
(73.9)
20.5
(68.9)
24.5
(76.1)
Average low °C (°F) 16.8
(62.2)
17.4
(63.3)
19.0
(66.2)
21.2
(70.2)
23.4
(74.1)
25.1
(77.2)
26.0
(78.8)
25.9
(78.6)
24.8
(76.6)
23.1
(73.6)
20.8
(69.4)
17.9
(64.2)
21.78
(71.2)
Record low °C (°F) 7.2
(45)
7.5
(45.5)
9.7
(49.5)
11.6
(52.9)
15.9
(60.6)
17.1
(62.8)
20.5
(68.9)
20.9
(69.6)
18.3
(64.9)
15.2
(59.4)
9.3
(48.7)
8.9
(48)
7.2
(45)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 43.2
(1.701)
47.5
(1.87)
43.1
(1.697)
73.8
(2.906)
156.9
(6.177)
247.8
(9.756)
280.5
(11.043)
308.2
(12.134)
299.4
(11.787)
236.0
(9.291)
78.0
(3.071)
41.7
(1.642)
1,856.1
(73.075)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.7 9.6 9.0 11.1 14.1 12.5 10.0 11.0 13.7 9.9 7.8 7.5 124.9
Average relative humidity (%) 72.7 74.8 75.4 76.5 78.6 79.4 77.0 77.5 77.4 74.3 72.3 70.9 75.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 100.5 82.5 106.6 122.1 142.1 186.9 242.0 212.0 172.0 150.7 113.7 100.4 1,731.5
Source: Central Weather Bureau[5]

Administrative divisions

Wenhua, Minzu, Zijiang, Minsheng, Baosang, Minquan, Siwei, Zhonghua, Renai, Jiangguo, Datong, Chenggong, Jianguo, Zhongzheng, Zhongshan, Xingguo, Tiehua, Tunghai, Fuguo, Fuxing, Xinxing, Xinsheng, Zhongxin, Malan, Guangming, Fengnian, Fengle, Yongle, Kangle, Fengrong, Fenggu, Fengli, Fengyuan, Fugang, Fufeng, Nanrong, Yanwan, Beinan, Nanwang, Fengtian, Xinyuan, Jianhe, Jianxing, Jianye, Zhiben and Jiannong Village.

Government institutions

Education

Tourist attractions

Transportation

Taitung Airport
TRA Taitung Station
Taitung Bus Station

References

External links