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The Info List - Suffolk County, New York





Suffolk County /ˈsʌfək/ is a suburban county on Long Island
Long Island
and the easternmost county in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of New York. As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 1,493,350, estimated to have decreased slightly to 1,492,953 in 2017,[1] making it the fourth-most populous county in New York. Its county seat is Riverhead,[2] though most county offices are located in Hauppauge.[3] The county was named after the county of Suffolk in England, from where its earliest European settlers came. Suffolk County incorporates the easternmost extreme of the New York City
City
metropolitan area. The largest of Long Island's four counties and the second-largest of 62 counties in New York State, Suffolk measures 86 miles (138 km) in length and 26 miles (42 km) in width at its widest (including water).[4] Major scientific research facilities in Suffolk County include Brookhaven National Laboratory
Brookhaven National Laboratory
in Upton, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in Huntington, and Plum Island Animal Disease Center on Plum Island.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Adjacent counties 2.2 National protected areas

3 Demographics 4 Law and government

4.1 Suffolk County Legislature 4.2 Law enforcement 4.3 Courts

4.3.1 Supreme Court 4.3.2 Other Superior Courts 4.3.3 Local courts

5 Education

5.1 Colleges and universities

6 Transportation

6.1 Major highways 6.2 Airports 6.3 Public transportation

7 Media

7.1 Newspapers

8 Suffolk seashore 9 Secessionist movements 10 Finance and taxation 11 Communities

11.1 Towns 11.2 Villages 11.3 Gardiners Island 11.4 Robins Island 11.5 Indian reservations

12 See also 13 Notes 14 References 15 External links

History[edit]

Suffolk County 1683

Suffolk County was part of the Connecticut Colony
Connecticut Colony
before becoming an original county of the Province of New York, one of twelve created in 1683. From 1664 until 1683 it had been the East Riding of Yorkshire. Its boundaries were essentially the same as at present, with only minor changes in the boundary with its western neighbor, which was originally Queens
Queens
County but has been Nassau County since the separation of Nassau from Queens
Queens
in 1899. According to the Suffolk County website, the county is the leading agricultural county in the state of New York, saying that: "The weather is temperate, clean water is abundant, and the soil is so good that Suffolk is the leading agricultural county in New York State. That Suffolk is still number one in farming, even with the development that has taken place, is a tribute to thoughtful planning, along with the excellent soil, favorable weather conditions, and the work of dedicated farmers in this region."[5] Geography[edit]

Shinnecock Canal

According to the U.S. Census
Census
Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,373 square miles (6,150 km2), of which 912 square miles (2,360 km2) is land and 1,461 square miles (3,780 km2) (62%) is water.[6] It is the second-largest county in New York by total area and occupies 66% of the land area of Long Island. Suffolk County occupies the central and eastern part of Long Island, in the extreme east of New York State. The eastern end of the county splits into two peninsulas, known as the North Fork and the South Fork. The county is surrounded by water on three sides, including the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
and Long Island
Long Island
Sound, with 980 miles (1,580 km) of coastline. The eastern end contains large bays. The highest elevation in the county, and on Long Island
Long Island
as a whole, is Jayne's Hill
Jayne's Hill
in West Hills, at 401 feet (122 m) above sea level. Adjacent counties[edit]

Nassau County, New York
Nassau County, New York
- west Fairfield County, Connecticut
Fairfield County, Connecticut
- northwest New Haven County, Connecticut
Connecticut
- north Middlesex County, Connecticut
Connecticut
- north New London County, Connecticut
Connecticut
- north Washington County, Rhode Island
Washington County, Rhode Island
- northeast

National protected areas[edit]

View of western Fire Island
Fire Island
from the top of Fire Island
Fire Island
Lighthouse

Amagansett National Wildlife Refuge Conscience Point National Wildlife Refuge Elizabeth A. Morton National Wildlife Refuge Fire Island
Fire Island
National Seashore Sayville National Wildlife Refuge Seatuck National Wildlife Refuge Target Rock National Wildlife Refuge Wertheim National Wildlife Refuge

Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Census Pop.

1790 16,400

1800 19,735

20.3%

1810 21,113

7.0%

1820 23,936

13.4%

1830 26,780

11.9%

1840 32,469

21.2%

1850 36,922

13.7%

1860 43,275

17.2%

1870 46,924

8.4%

1880 52,888

12.7%

1890 62,491

18.2%

1900 77,582

24.1%

1910 96,138

23.9%

1920 110,246

14.7%

1930 161,055

46.1%

1940 197,355

22.5%

1950 276,129

39.9%

1960 666,784

141.5%

1970 1,124,950

68.7%

1980 1,284,231

14.2%

1990 1,321,864

2.9%

2000 1,419,369

7.4%

2010 1,493,350

5.2%

Est. 2017 1,492,953

0.0%

U.S. Decennial Census[7] 1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9] 1990-2000[10] 2010 and 2017[1]

As of the census[11] of 2010, there were 1,493,350 people and 569,985 households residing in the county. The population of Suffolk County was estimated by the U.S. Census
Census
to have decreased slightly to 1,492,953 in 2017, representing 7.5% of the Census-estimated New York State population of 19,849,399[12] and 19.0% of the Census-estimated Long Island
Long Island
population of 7,869,820.[13][14][15][16] The population density in 2010 was 1,637 people per square mile (633/km²), with 569,985 households at an average density of 625 per square mile (242/km²). However, by 2012, with an estimated total population increasing moderately to 1,499,273 there were 569,359 housing units.[17] By 2014, the racial makeup of the county was estimated at 85.2% White of any ancestry including Hispanic, 8.3% African American, 0.6% Native American, 4.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.8% from two or more races . Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.2% of the population. Those who identified as "white alone", not being of Hispanic or Latino origin, represented 69.3% of the population.[18] In 2006, the racial or ethnic makeup of the county was 83.6% White (75.4% White Non-Hispanic). African Americans were 7.4% of the population. Asians stood at 3.4% of the population. 5.4% were of other or mixed race. Latinos were 13.0% of the population.[19] The most common ethnicities in Suffolk County in 2007 were Italian (29.5%), Irish (24.0%), and German (17.6%).[20] In 2002, The New York Times
The New York Times
cited a study by the non-profit group ERASE Racism, which determined Suffolk and its neighboring county, Nassau, to be the most racially segregated suburbs in the United States.[21] In 2006, there were 469,299 households, out of which 37.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.00% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.20% were non-families. 18.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.36.[citation needed] In the county, the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older.[when?] The median age was 36 years.[citation needed] For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.[citation needed] In 2008, Forbes magazine released its American Community Survey and named Suffolk County number 4 in its list of the top 25 richest counties in America. In 2016, according to Business Insider, the 11962 zip code encompassing Sagaponack, within Southampton, was listed as the most expensive in the U.S., with a median home sale price of $8.5 million.[22] The median income for a household in the county was $84,767,[23] and the median income for a family was $72,112. Males had a median income of $50,046 versus $33,281 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,577. Using a weighted average from 2009-2014 about 6.40% of the population were below the poverty line[18] In earlier censuses, the population below the poverty line included 2.70% of those under age 18 and 2.30% of those age 65 or over. As of 2006, Suffolk County ranked at number 21 on the list of the most populous counties in the United States.[24]

Racial groups, ethnicity, and religious groups on Long Island compared to state and nation

Place Population 2010 census % white % black or African American % Asian % Other % mixed race % Hispanic/ Latino of any race

% Catholic % not affiliated % Jewish % Protestant Estimate of % not reporting

Race Ethnicity

Religious groups

Nassau County 1,339,532 73.0 11.1 7.6 5.9 2.4 14.6

52 9 17 7 15

Suffolk County 1,493,350 80.8 7.4 3.4 5.9 2.4 16.5

52 21 7 8 11

Long Island
Long Island
Total (including Brooklyn
Brooklyn
and Queens) 7,568,304 54.7 20.4 12.3 9.3 3.2 20.5

40 18 15 7 20

NY State 19,378,102 65.7 15.9 7.3 8.0 3.0 17.6

42 20 9 10 16

USA 308,745,538 72.4 12.6 4.8 7.3 2.9 16.3

22 37 2 23 12

Source for Race and Ethnicity: 2010 Census[25] American Indian, Native Alaskan, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander make up just 0.5% of the population of Long Island, and have been included with "Other".

Source for religious groups: ARDA2000[26][27]

Law and government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[28]

Year Republican Democratic Third Parties

2016 51.5% 350,570 44.6% 303,951 3.9% 26,733

2012 47.5% 282,131 51.2% 304,079 1.4% 8,056

2008 46.5% 307,021 52.5% 346,549 0.9% 6,209

2004 48.5% 309,949 49.5% 315,909 2.0% 12,854

2000 42.0% 240,992 53.4% 306,306 4.6% 26,646

1996 36.1% 182,510 51.8% 261,828 12.1% 60,875

1992 40.4% 229,467 38.9% 220,811 20.7% 117,677

1988 60.5% 311,242 38.7% 199,215 0.8% 3,893

1984 66.0% 335,485 33.7% 171,295 0.3% 1,276

1980 57.0% 256,294 33.4% 149,945 9.7% 43,416

1976 54.1% 248,908 45.3% 208,263 0.6% 2,877

1972 70.3% 316,452 29.4% 132,441 0.2% 1,005

1968 58.2% 218,027 32.7% 122,590 9.1% 34,150

1964 44.4% 144,350 55.5% 180,598 0.1% 385

1960 59.3% 166,644 40.6% 114,033 0.1% 268

1956 77.6% 167,805 22.4% 48,323 0.0% 0

1952 74.6% 115,570 25.3% 39,120 0.2% 262

1948 69.8% 75,519 26.9% 29,104 3.4% 3,642

1944 67.6% 65,650 32.2% 31,231 0.3% 253

1940 65.1% 63,712 34.6% 33,853 0.3% 270

1936 58.1% 48,970 39.2% 33,078 2.7% 2,287

1932 55.5% 40,247 42.5% 30,799 2.0% 1,482

1928 65.1% 41,199 30.8% 19,497 4.1% 2,619

1924 69.2% 31,456 22.1% 10,024 8.8% 3,975

1920 73.1% 26,737 24.2% 8,852 2.7% 985

1916 59.2% 12,742 39.1% 8,422 1.7% 358

1912 28.5% 5,595 40.1% 7,878 31.5% 6,182

1908 60.3% 10,689 33.2% 5,877 6.6% 1,164

1904 57.2% 9,937 39.1% 6,795 3.7% 642

1900 60.2% 9,584 35.9% 5,711 3.9% 615

1896 66.6% 9,388 27.5% 3,872 5.9% 837

1892 49.3% 7,001 44.2% 6,274 6.5% 928

1888 50.2% 7,167 46.3% 6,600 3.5% 500

1884 45.9% 5,876 50.2% 6,429 4.0% 510

Suffolk County had long been a Republican bastion in New York State. U.S. Congressman Rick Lazio, who opposed Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
in the 2000 Senate race, was from Suffolk County. However, recent elections have turned the county more toward the Democrats. In 2003, Democrat Steve Levy was elected county executive, ending longtime Republican control. In 2001, Democrat Thomas Spota was elected District Attorney, and ran unopposed in 2005. Although Suffolk voters gave George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
a victory here in 1992, the county voted for Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
in 1996 and continued the trend by giving Al Gore
Al Gore
an 11-percent victory in the county in 2000. 2004 Democratic candidate John Kerry
John Kerry
won by a much smaller margin of one percent, in 2008 Democratic candidate Barack Obama won by a slightly larger 4.4 percent margin, 52%-47%. In 2016, Republican candidate Donald Trump
Donald Trump
won Suffolk County by a 6.9 percent margin after absentees, marking the largest margin of victory for the Republicans since 1988.[28] Suffolk County is represented by three congressional districts, the first, and parts of the second and third. The third is held by the Democratic Party, while the first and second are held by Republicans. Lee Zeldin, represents the first district, which includes almost half of the county, from Smithtown to Montauk, including The Hamptons
The Hamptons
and Riverhead. The second district, is represented by Republican Peter King, and after redistricting includes parts of southern Suffolk and Nassau counties. The third district, is largely split between Nassau County and Suffolk County, is represented by Tom Suozzi. A Democrat, Suozzi won the seat vacated by Steve Israel
Steve Israel
in 2016 after Israel declined to seek re-election.[citation needed]

Map showing Long Island
Long Island
congressional districts 1, 2, and 3 after redistricting in 2012. Portions in red are within Suffolk County.

As a whole both Suffolk and Nassau counties are considered swing counties. However, until 2016 they tended not to receive significant attention from presidential candidates, as the state of New York has turned reliably Democratic at the national level. In 2008 and 2012, Hofstra University
Hofstra University
in Nassau County hosted a Presidential debate. Hofstra hosted the first debate of the 2016 Presidential Election season, on September 26, 2016, making Hofstra the first college or university in the United States
United States
to host a Presidential debate in three consecutive elections. The presence on the 2016 ticket of Westchester County resident Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
and Manhattan
Manhattan
resident Donald Trump resulted in greater attention by the candidates to the concerns of Long Island. Trump visited Long Island
Long Island
voters and donors at least 4 times while Hillary made 1 stop for voters and 1 additional stop in the Hamptons for donors.

County Officials

Position Name Party First Election

  Sheriff Errol Toulon Jr. Dem 2017

  District Attorney Tim Sini Dem 2017

  County Clerk Judith A. Pascale Rep ?

  Comptroller John M. Kennedy Jr. Rep 2014

Suffolk County Legislature[edit] The county is divided into 18 legislative districts, each represented by a legislator. As of 2016, there are 11 Democrats, 6 Republicans and 1 member of the Working Families Party. The Partisan Voting Index
Partisan Voting Index
is as of the 2012 and 2016 Presidential Elections:

District PVI 2015-2016 Legislature 2014-2015 Legislature 2012-2013 Legislature 2010-2011 Legislature 2008-2009 Legislature 2006-2007 Legislature 2004-2005 Legislature

1 R+8 Al Krupski (D) Al Krupski (D) Al Krupski (D) Edward P. Romaine (R) Edward P. Romaine (R) Edward P. Romaine (R) Micheal J. Caracciolo (R)

2 D+5 Bridget Fleming (D) Jay Schneiderman(DPO) (I) Jay Schneiderman(DPO) (I) Jay Schneiderman(DPO) (I) Jay Schneiderman
Jay Schneiderman
(I) Jay Schneiderman
Jay Schneiderman
(R) Jay Schneiderman
Jay Schneiderman
(R)

3 R+2 Kate M. Browning (WF) Kate M. Browning (WF) Kate M. Browning (WF) Kate M. Browning (WF) Kate M. Browning (WF) Kate M. Browning (WF) Peter O'Leary (R)

4 R+7 Thomas Muratore (R) Thomas Muratore (R) Thomas Muratore (R) Thomas Muratore (R) Brian Beedenbender (D) Joseph T. Caracappa (R) Joseph T. Caracappa (R)

5 D+1 Kara Hahn(MajL) (D) Kara Hahn (D) Kara Hahn (D) Vivian Viloria-Fisher (D) Vivian Viloria-Fisher (D) Vivian Viloria-Fisher (D) Vivian Viloria-Fisher (D)

6 R+9 Sarah Anker (D) Sarah Anker (D) Sarah Anker (D) Daniel P. Losquadro (R)(MinL) / Sarah Anker (D) for 2011 Daniel P. Losquadro(MinL) (R) Daniel P. Losquadro(MinL) (R) Daniel P. Losquadro(MinL) (R)

7 D+1 Robert Calarco(DPO) (D) Robert Calarco(MajL) (D) Robert Calarco(MajL) (D) Jack Eddington (I) Jack Eddington (I) Jack Eddington (D) Brian X. Foley (D)

8 R+9 William J. Lindsay
William J. Lindsay
III (D) William J. Lindsay
William J. Lindsay
III (D) William J. Lindsay(PO) (D) William J. Lindsay(PO) (D) William J. Lindsay(PO) (D) William J. Lindsay(PO) (D) William J. Lindsay(PO) (D)

9 D+30 Monica R. Martinez (D) Monica R. Martinez (D) Ricardo Montano
Ricardo Montano
(D) Ricardo Montano
Ricardo Montano
(D) Ricardo Montano
Ricardo Montano
(D) Ricardo Montano
Ricardo Montano
(D) Ricardo Montano
Ricardo Montano
(D)

10 R+9 Tom Cilmi (R) Tom Cilmi (R) Tom Cilmi (R) Tom Cilmi (R) Cameron Alden (R) Cameron Alden (R) Cameron Alden (R)

11 R+7 Thomas F. Barraga (R) Thomas F. Barraga (R) Thomas F. Barraga (R) Thomas F. Barraga (R) Thomas F. Barraga (R) Thomas F. Barraga (R) Angie Carpenter (R)

12 R+12 Leslie Kennedy (R) John M. Kennedy, Jr.(MinL) (R) / Leslie Kennedy (R) for 2015 John M. Kennedy, Jr.(MinL) (R) John M. Kennedy, Jr.
John M. Kennedy, Jr.
(R) John M. Kennedy, Jr.
John M. Kennedy, Jr.
(R) John M. Kennedy, Jr.
John M. Kennedy, Jr.
(R) John M. Kennedy, Jr.
John M. Kennedy, Jr.
(R)

13 R+12 Robert Trotta (R) Robert Trotta (R) Lynne C. Nowick (R) Lynne C. Nowick (R) Lynne C. Nowick (R) Lynne C. Nowick (R) Lynne C. Nowick (R)

14 R+8 Kevin J. McCaffrey(MinL) (R) Kevin J. McCaffrey (R) Wayne R. Horsley(PO) (D) Wayne R. Horsley (D) Wayne R. Horsley (D) Wayne R. Horsley (D) David Bishop (D)

15 D+18 DuWayne Gregory(PO) (D) DuWayne Gregory(PO) (D) DuWayne Gregory (D) DuWayne Gregory (D) Elie Mystal (D) / DuWayne Gregory (D) since July 29, 2008 Elie Mystal (D) Elie Mystal (D)

16 D+2 Steven H. Stern (D) Steven H. Stern (D) Steven H. Stern (D) Steven H. Stern (D) Steven H. Stern (D) Steven H. Stern (D) Allan Binder (R)

17 EVEN Louis D'Amaro (D) Louis D'Amaro (D) Louis D'Amaro (D) Louis D'Amaro (D) Louis D'Amaro (D) Louis D'Amaro (D) Paul J. Tonna (R)

18 D+1 William R. Spencer
William R. Spencer
(D) William R. Spencer
William R. Spencer
(D) William R. Spencer
William R. Spencer
(D) Jon Cooper (D) Jon Cooper (D) Jon Cooper (D) Jon Cooper (D)

Republicans controlled the county legislature until a landmark election in November 2005 where three Republican seats switched to the Democrats, giving them control. In November 2007, the Democratic Party once again retained control over the Suffolk County Legislature, picking up one seat in the process. In November 2009, the Republican Party regained the seat lost in 2007 but still remained in the minority for the 2010-2011 session. In November 2011, the Democratic Party maintained control over the Suffolk County Legislature picking up one seat that had been held by an Independence Party member. In November 2013, the Republican Party gained the 14th district seat, but remains in the minority. As of the 2016-2017 session, 15th district legislator DuWayne Gregory serves as Presiding Officer, a position he has held since 2013, 7th district legislator Robert Calarco serves as Deputy Presiding Officer. 5th district legislator Kara Hahn serves as Majority Leader for the Democrats. 14th district legislator Keving McCaffrey is Minority Leader having assumed the office after the election of former legislator John M. Kennedy, Jr.
John M. Kennedy, Jr.
to the office of County Comptroller. Law enforcement[edit]

Police services in the five western towns (Babylon, Huntington, Islip, Smithtown and Brookhaven) are provided primarily by the Suffolk County Police Department. The five "East End" towns (Riverhead, Southold, Shelter Island, East Hampton, and Southampton), maintain their own police and other law enforcement agencies. Also, there are a number of villages, such as Amityville, Lloyd Harbor, Northport and Westhampton Beach, that maintain their own police forces. In an unusual move, the Village
Village
of Greenport in 1994 voted to abolish its police department and turn responsibility for law and order over to the Southold Town Police Department. After the Long Island
Long Island
State Parkway Police was disbanded in 1980, all state parkways in Suffolk County became the responsibility of Troop L of the New York State
New York State
Police, headquartered at Republic Airport. State parks, such as Robert Moses State Park, are the responsibility of the New York State
New York State
Park Police, based at Belmont Lake State Park. In 1996, the Long Island
Long Island
Rail Road Police Department was consolidated into the Metropolitan Transportation Authority Police, which has jurisdiction over all rail lines in the county. Since the New York state legislature created the New York State University Police in 1999, they are in charge of all law enforcement services for State University of New York
State University of New York
property and campuses. The State University Police have jurisdiction in Suffolk County at Stony Brook University and Farmingdale State College.

Suffolk Police boat on Fire Island

The Suffolk County Sheriff's Office
Suffolk County Sheriff's Office
is a separate agency. The sheriff, an elected official who serves a four-year term, operates the two Suffolk County correctional facilities (in Yaphank and Riverhead), provides county courthouse security and detention, service and enforcement of civil papers, evictions and warrants. The Sheriff's Office is also responsible for securing all county-owned property, such as county government office buildings, as well as the campuses of the Suffolk County Community College. As of 2008, the Suffolk County Sheriff's Office employs 275 Deputy Sheriffs, 850 Correction Officers and about 200 civilian staff. Suffolk County has a long maritime history with several outer barrier beaches and hundreds of square miles of waterways. The Suffolk Police Marine Bureau patrols the 500 square miles (1,000 km2) of navigable waterways within the police district, from the Connecticut and Rhode Island
Rhode Island
state line which bisects Long Island
Long Island
Sound - [4], to the New York state line 3 miles (5 km) south of Fire Island
Fire Island
in the Atlantic Ocean. Some Suffolk County towns (Islip, Brookhaven, Southampton, East Hampton, Babylon, Huntington, Smithtown) also employ various bay constables and other local marine patrol, which are sworn unarmed peace officers with full arrest powers, providing back up to the Suffolk Police Marine Bureau as well as the United States
United States
Coast Guard. This includes Fire Island
Fire Island
and even parts of Jones Island barrier beaches and the islands of the Great South Bay. Marine units also respond to water and ice rescues on the inland lakes, ponds and streams of the District.

Courts[edit]

Cohalan Court Complex, Central Islip

Suffolk County is part of the 10th Judicial District of the New York State Unified Court System; is home to the Long Island
Long Island
Courthouse of the Federal U.S. District Court, Eastern District of New York;[29] and has various local municipal courts. The State Courts are divided into Supreme Court, which has general jurisdiction over all cases, and lower courts that either hear claims of a limited dollar amount, or of a specific nature.[30][31] Similarly, the local courts hear claims of a limited dollar amount, or hear specific types of cases. The Federal Court has jurisdiction over Federal Claims, State Law claims that are joined with Federal claims, and claims where there is a diversity of citizenship.[32] Supreme Court[edit]

The Suffolk County Supreme Court is a trial court of unlimited general original jurisdiction, but it generally only hears cases that are outside the subject-matter jurisdiction of other trial courts of more limited jurisdiction. The Suffolk County Clerk is the Clerk of the Court of the Supreme Court. The main courthouse for the Supreme Court is in Riverhead, which has been the court's home since 1729. The original courthouse was replaced in 1855, and that courthouse was expanded in 1881.[33] The courthouse was damaged by fire and rebuilt in 1929. In 1994, a new court building was added to the complex. This Courthouse was dedicated as the "Alan D. Oshrin Supreme Court Building" on August 1, 2011.[34] The Supreme Court also shares space in the Cohalan Court Complex in Central Islip[35] with several other courts and county agencies. Matrimonial actions are heard in the Supreme Court, and those matters are generally heard in the Supreme Court section of the Cohalan Court Complex.

Other Superior Courts[edit]

The Suffolk County Court is a trial court of limited jurisdiction. It has jurisdiction over all of Suffolk County, and is authorized to handle criminal prosecutions of both felonies and lesser offenses committed within the county, although in practice most minor offenses are handled by the local courts. It is the trial court for felonies, or where a person is indicted by a Grand Jury in Suffolk County. The County Court also has limited jurisdiction in civil cases, generally involving amounts up to $25,000. The County Court is located in the Cromarty Court Complex Criminal Courts Building in Riverhead. The Suffolk County Surrogate's Court hears cases involving the affairs of decedents, including the probate of wills and the administration of estates, guardianships, and adoptions. The Surrogate's Court is located in the County Center in Riverhead. The Suffolk County Family Court has jurisdiction over all of Suffolk County in petitions filed for Neglect & Abuse, Juvenile Delinquency/Designated Felonies, Persons in Need of Supervision, Adoption, Guardianship, Foster Care, Family Offense (Order of Protection), Custody & Visitation, Paternity, Support Matters (Child & Spousal), Consent to Marry. The court also has a Juvenile Drug Court and Family Treatment Court. Individuals, attorneys, and agencies may initiate a proceeding in the Family Court with the filing of a petition. The Suffolk County Family Court is located in the Cohalan Court Complex in Central Islip[35] and maintains a facility in Riverhead. Case assignment is dependent upon the geographical location of the parties.

Local courts[edit] The District Court and the Town and Village
Village
Courts are the local courts of Suffolk County. There are more than 30 local courts, each with limited criminal and civil subject matter and geographic jurisdictions. The local criminal courts have trial jurisdiction over misdemeanors, violations and infractions; preliminary jurisdiction over felonies; and traffic tickets charging a crime. The local civil courts calendar small claims, evictions, and civil actions.

Suffolk County District Court has geographic jurisdiction over the 5 western towns of Suffolk County (Babylon, Brookhaven, Huntington, Islip & Smithtown). The Criminal division of the Suffolk District Court is in the Cohalan Court Complex, Central Islip, and includes Domestic Violence Courts, Drug Court, and a Mental Health Court. The Civil division is divided up in the 5 "outlying" courthouses in Lindenhurst, Huntington Station, Hauppauge, Ronkonkoma, and Patchogue. Civil actions may be filed up to $15,000, and small claims actions up to $5000. Actions are commenced by filing with the court. Summary proceedings under the RPAPL are filed in the district where the property is located. The Town Courts of East Hampton, Riverhead, Shelter Island, Southampton, and Southold have geographic jurisdiction over the 5 eastern towns of Suffolk County. Each town maintains a courthouse where judges hear criminal cases (including a regional Drug Court) and civil actions. Civil actions are commenced by serving a summons and complaint for claims up to $3,000, and small claims actions are heard up to $3000. Summary proceedings under the RPAPL are filed in the town where the property is located. The Village
Village
Courts of Amityville, Asharoken, Babylon, Belle Terre, Bellport, Brightwaters, Head of the Harbor, Huntington Bay, Islandia, Lake Grove, Lindenhurst, Lloyd Harbor, Nissequogue, Northport, Ocean Beach, Old Field, Patchogue, Poquott, Port Jefferson, Quogue, Sag Harbor, Saltaire, Shoreham, Southampton, Village
Village
of the Branch, West Hampton Dunes, and Westhampton Beach have geographic jurisdiction within each incorporated village. Criminal and civil subject matter jurisdiction varies in each court.

Most non-criminal moving violation tickets issued in the 5 west towns are handled by the Traffic Violations Bureau, which is part of the New York State Department of Motor Vehicles, not the court system. Education[edit] Colleges and universities[edit] Suffolk County is home to numerous colleges and universities:

Public

Branches of the State University of New York

Stony Brook University, including Stony Brook Southampton
Stony Brook Southampton
campus Farmingdale State College Suffolk County Community College
Suffolk County Community College
campuses in Riverhead, Selden, and Brentwood, with satellite centers in Sayville and downtown Riverhead.

Private

Adelphi University
Adelphi University
- branch campus at Hauppauge Briarcliffe College
Briarcliffe College
- three campuses, one in Suffolk at Patchogue Five Towns College - Dix Hills Long Island
Long Island
University - branch campuses in Brentwood and Riverhead New York Institute of Technology-Campus in Central Islip
Central Islip
Home to the Vocational Independence Program Polytechnic Institute of New York University
Polytechnic Institute of New York University
(formerly Polytechnic University, now part of NYU) - had a " Long Island
Long Island
Graduate Center" at Melville Saint John's University - has a Graduate Center in Oakdale[36] Saint Joseph's College - branch campus at Patchogue SBI-Melville - Sanford-Brown Institute campus at Melville Touro College

Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center - in Central Islip Touro College
Touro College
School of Health Sciences - in Bay
Bay
Shore

Watson School of Biological Sciences - Cold Spring Harbor

Transportation[edit] Major highways[edit]

I-495 ( Long Island
Long Island
Expressway) traverses the county from the Nassau County line in the West to Riverhead in the East. Original plans called for the Expressway to extend further past Riverhead and along the island's North Fork, possibly to Orient Point, where a crossing to Connecticut
Connecticut
could be built. The expressway connects to Manhattan
Manhattan
via the Queens-Midtown Tunnel.[37] New York State
New York State
Route 27 crosses the county from the Nassau County line in the West to Montauk Point
Montauk Point
in the East, which is also the easternmost point in New York State. The road is limited-access from West Babylon
West Babylon
to Southampton.

Airports[edit] Several airports serve commuters and business travelers, most notably Long Island
Long Island
MacArthur Airport in Ronkonkoma, Republic Airport
Republic Airport
in East Farmingdale and Francis S. Gabreski Airport
Francis S. Gabreski Airport
in Westhampton Beach. Public transportation[edit] Suffolk County is served by Suffolk County Transit. Long Island
Long Island
Rail Road, the Hampton Jitney, and Hampton Luxury Liner connect Suffolk County to New York City. Media[edit] Newspapers[edit]

Newsday The Times Beacon Record South Shore Press The East Hampton Star The Southampton Press Dan's Papers Smithtown Messenger Brookhaven Review Ronkonkoma Review Patchogue
Patchogue
2 Port Jefferson Record The Suffolk Times The Riverhead News-Review The Shelter Island Reporter

Suffolk seashore[edit] See also: Outer Barrier Islands Fire Island
Fire Island
Lighthouse was an important landmark for many trans-atlantic ships coming into New York Harbor
New York Harbor
in the early 20th century. For many European immigrants, the Fire Island
Fire Island
Light was their first sight of land upon arrival in America.

Fire Island
Fire Island
Lighthouse

The Fire Island
Fire Island
Inlet span of the Robert Moses Causeway
Robert Moses Causeway
connects to Robert Moses State Park on the western tip of Fire Island. The Great South Bay
Bay
Bridge, the first causeway bridge, had only one northbound and one southbound lane, was opened to traffic in April 1954. The span of 2 miles (3 km) across Great South Bay
Bay
to Captree Island features a main span of 600 feet (200 m), with a clearance for boats of 60 feet (20 m). After crossing the State Boat Channel over Its 665-foot (203 m)-long bascule bridge, the causeway meets the Ocean Parkway at a cloverleaf interchange. This interchange provides access to Captree State Park, Gilgo State Park
Gilgo State Park
and Jones Beach State Park.

F I N S

The Fire Island
Fire Island
Inlet Bridge continues the two-lane road, one lane in each direction, across Fire Island
Fire Island
Inlet to its terminus at Robert Moses State Park and The Fire Island
Fire Island
Lighthouse. Robert Moses Causeway opened in 1964. Suffolk County has the most lighthouses of any other United States county, with fifteen of its original twenty-six lighthouses still standing. Of these fifteen, eight are located in Southold township alone, giving it more lighthouses than any other township in the United States. Secessionist movements[edit]

The proposed Peconic County flag

Main article: Peconic County, New York At various times, there have been proposals for a division of Suffolk County into two counties. The western portion would be called Suffolk County, while the eastern portion of the current Suffolk County would comprise a new county to be called Peconic County. Peconic County would consist of the five easternmost towns of Suffolk County: East Hampton, Riverhead, Shelter Island, Southampton and Southold, plus the Shinnecock Indian Reservation. The proposed Peconic County flag showed the two forks at the east end of Long Island
Long Island
separated by Peconic Bay. The star on the north represents Southold. The stars on the South Fork represent Southampton and East Hampton. Riverhead is at the fork mouth and Shelter Island is between the forks. The secessionist movement has not been active since 1998. The End of the Hamptons: Scenes from the Class Struggle in America's Paradise, by Corey Dolgon
Corey Dolgon
(New York University Press, 2005[38]) examined the class roots of the secessionist movement in the Hamptons. In his review, Howard Zinn
Howard Zinn
wrote that the book "[t]akes us beyond the much-romanticized beaches of Long Island
Long Island
to the rich entrepreneurs and their McMansions, the Latino workers, and the stubborn indigenous residents refusing to disappear. The book is important because it is in so many ways a microcosm of the nation."[39] The book won the Association for Humanist Sociology's 2005 Book Prize and the American Sociological Association's Marxist Section Book Award in 2007. Finance and taxation[edit] Currently, Suffolk County has an 8.625% sales tax, compared to an overall New York State
New York State
sales tax of 4%, consisting of an additional 4.25% on top of the state and MTA assessment of .375%[40] Communities[edit] Main article: List of municipalities on Long Island

The Montauk Lighthouse
Montauk Lighthouse
is a landmark of Suffolk County, NY

In New York State, a town is the major subdivision of each county. Towns provide or arrange for most municipal services for residents of hamlets and selected services for residents of villages. All residents of New York who do not live in a city or on an Indian reservation
Indian reservation
live in a town. A village is an incorporated area which is usually, but not always, within a single town. A village is a clearly defined municipality that provides the services closest to the residents, such as garbage collection, street and highway maintenance, street lighting and building codes. Some villages provide their own police and other optional services. A hamlet is an informally-defined populated area within a town that is not part of a village. Towns[edit]

Babylon Brookhaven East Hampton Huntington Islip Riverhead Shelter Island Smithtown Southampton Southold

Villages[edit]

Amityville Asharoken Babylon Belle Terre Bellport Brightwaters Dering Harbor East Hampton Greenport Head of the Harbor Huntington Bay Islandia Lake Grove Lindenhurst Lloyd Harbor Mastic Beach Nissequogue North Haven Northport Ocean Beach Old Field Patchogue Poquott Port Jefferson Quogue Sag Harbor Sagaponack Saltaire Shoreham Southampton Village
Village
of the Branch Westhampton Beach West Hampton Dunes

West Gilgo Beach, New York
West Gilgo Beach, New York
- Oak Beach

Huntington Bay, New York

Riverhead, New York

Watermill, New York

Gardiners Island[edit]

Gardiners Island, Suffolk County, NY

Main article: Gardiners Island Gardiners Island
Gardiners Island
is an island off eastern Suffolk County in the U.S. state of New York. The Island is 6 miles (10 km) long, and 3 miles (5 km) wide and has 27 miles (43 km) of coastline. The same family has owned the Island for nearly 400 years, one of the largest privately owned islands in America or the world. It is, however, the only American real estate still intact as part of an original royal grant from the English Crown. Robins Island[edit] Main article: Robins Island Robins Island
Robins Island
is an Island in the Peconic Bay
Bay
between the North and South folks of eastern Suffolk County. It is within the jurisdiction of Town of Southold in Suffolk County, New York. The Island is 435 acres (1.8 km2) and presently undeveloped. The island is privately owned and not accessible to the public. Indian reservations[edit] Two Indian reservations are located within the borders of Suffolk County:

Shinnecock Reservation Poospatuck Reservation

See also[edit]

National Register of Historic Places listings in Suffolk County, New York Suffolk County, Farmland Development Rights USS Suffolk County (LST-1173) List of counties in New York

Notes[edit]

^ a b "State & County QuickFacts - Suffolk County, New York". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved March 30, 2018.  ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.  ^ "Suffolk County Government". Suffolk County, New York. Retrieved April 22, 2015.  ^ About Suffolk County on the county website ^ http://www.co.suffolk.ny.us/ "About Suffolk County" ^ "2010 Census
Census
Gazetteer Files". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 19, 2014. Retrieved January 7, 2015.  ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2015.  ^ "Historical Census
Census
Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 7, 2015.  ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2015.  ^ " Census
Census
2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2015.  ^ "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.  ^ [1] Accessed March 30, 2018. ^ "Kings County, New York QuickFacts". U.S. Census
Census
Bureau. Archived from the original on February 17, 2016. Retrieved March 24, 2016.  ^ " Queens
Queens
County, New York QuickFacts". U.S. Census
Census
Bureau. Archived from the original on August 8, 2014. Retrieved March 24, 2016.  ^ " Nassau County, New York
Nassau County, New York
QuickFacts". U.S. Census
Census
Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved March 24, 2016.  ^ " Suffolk County, New York
Suffolk County, New York
QuickFacts". U.S. Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved March 24, 2016.  ^ [2] US Census, estimate for 2012, January 6, 2014 ^ a b Source U.S. Census
Census
Bureau: State and County QuickFacts. Data derived from Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Last Revised: Wednesday, 14-Oct-2015 16:00:26 ED ^ Suffolk County QuickFacts from the US Census
Census
Bureau ^ Suffolk County, New York, Selected Social Characteristics in the United States: 2007 ^ Lambert, Bruce (June 5, 2002). "Study Calls L.I. Most Segregated Suburb". The New York Times. Retrieved May 11, 2010.  ^ Raisa Bruner (March 7, 2016). "The 25 most expensive ZIP codes in America". Business Insider. Retrieved March 9, 2016.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 6, 2011. Retrieved January 2, 2012.  ^ 100 Largest Counties in the United States
United States
by 2006 Population Estimate Archived May 5, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "2010 Census
Census
brief" (PDF).  ^ "The Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA), Year 2000 Report".  Churches were asked for their membership numbers. ARDA estimates that most of the churches not reporting were black Protestant
Protestant
congregations. ^ "The Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA), Year 2000 Report".  ^ a b http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS ^ ""Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved August 22, 2011. ". ^ "10th Judicial District: Suffolk County". ^ "Structure & Jurisdiction of the Courts". ^ "Federal jurisdiction (United States)". ^ "The Suffolk County Supreme Court". ^ "[3]". ^ a b "Directions to the Suffolk County Courts" ^ Main campus is in Queens, branch campus in Suffolk County St. John's University: Oakdale Campus Archived December 30, 2004, at the Wayback Machine. ^ http://www.interstate-guide.com/i-495_ny.html ^ New York University Press ^ Progressive Writers Cooperative and Speakers Bureau ^ Suffolk County Comptroller's Office

References[edit]

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2009/05/photogalleries/best-green-beaches-2009/ Top 10 U.S Beaches https://web.archive.org/web/20090620074610/http://www.co.suffolk.ny.us/police/marine.htm http://www.nycroads.com/roads/robert-moses/

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Suffolk County.

Suffolk County at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Long Island
Long Island
History: Suffolk County Suffolk County Police Suffolk Historical Newspapers Map of Suffolk County CDPs in 2010 Map of Suffolk County CDPs in 2000

Places adjacent to Suffolk County, New York

Fairfield County, Connecticut Long Island
Long Island
Sound New Haven County, Connecticut Long Island
Long Island
Sound Middlesex County, Connecticut
Connecticut
/ New London County, Connecticut Block Island Sound

Nassau County

Suffolk County, New York

Atlantic Ocean

Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean

v t e

Long Island

General topics

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Places

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Towns

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Villages & hamlets with more than 10,000 inhabitants

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Bay
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Villages & hamlets with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants

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Bay
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Village
of the Branch West Hampton Dunes Westhampton Beach Williston Park

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Suffolk County, New York, United States

County seat: Riverhead

Towns

Babylon Brookhaven East Hampton Huntington Islip Riverhead Shelter Island Smithtown Southampton Southold

Villages

Amityville Asharoken Babylon Belle Terre Bellport Brightwaters Dering Harbor East Hampton Greenport Head of the Harbor Huntington Bay Islandia Lake Grove Lindenhurst Lloyd Harbor Mastic Beach Nissequogue North Haven Northport Ocean Beach Old Field Patchogue Poquott Port Jefferson Quogue Sag Harbor Sagaponack Saltaire Shoreham Southampton Village
Village
of the Branch Westhampton Beach West Hampton Dunes

CDPs

Amagansett Aquebogue Baiting Hollow Bay
Bay
Shore Bayport Baywood Blue Point Bohemia Brentwood Bridgehampton Brookhaven Calverton Center Moriches Centereach Centerport Central Islip Cold Spring Harbor Commack Copiague Coram Cutchogue Deer Park Dix Hills East Farmingdale East Hampton North East Islip East Marion East Moriches East Northport East Patchogue East Quogue East Shoreham Eastport Eatons Neck Elwood Farmingville Fire Island Fishers Island Flanders Fort Salonga Gilgo Gordon Heights Great River Greenlawn Greenport West Halesite Hampton Bays Hauppauge Holbrook Holtsville Huntington Huntington Station Islip Islip Terrace Jamesport Kings Park Lake Ronkonkoma Laurel Manorville Mastic Mattituck Medford Melville Middle Island Miller Place Montauk Moriches Mount Sinai Napeague Nesconset New Suffolk North Amityville North Babylon North Bay
Bay
Shore North Bellport North Great River North Lindenhurst North Patchogue North Sea Northampton Northville Northwest Harbor Noyack Oak Beach–Captree Oakdale Orient Peconic Port Jefferson Station Quiogue Remsenburg-Speonk Ridge Riverhead Riverside Rocky Point Ronkonkoma Sayville Selden Setauket-East Setauket Shelter Island Shelter Island Heights Shinnecock Hills Shirley Smithtown Sound Beach South Huntington Southold Springs St. James Stony Brook Stony Brook University Terryville Tuckahoe Wading River Wainscott Water Mill West Babylon West Bay
Bay
Shore West Hills West Islip West Sayville Westhampton Wheatley Heights Wyandanch Yaphank

Hamlets

Canaan Lake Cherry Grove Crystal Brook Cupsogue Beach Davis Park Fire Island
Fire Island
Pines Hagerman Ocean Bay
Bay
Park Point O' Woods Remsenburg South Haven South Jamesport Speonk Strongs Neck Upton Water Island West Manor

Reservations

Poospatuck Shinnecock

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Coordinates: 40°56′N 72°41′W / 40.94°N 72.68°W / 4

.