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A steak burger is a type of sandwich prepared using steak as a primary ingredient. In the United States, the first steak burger offered to consumers appears to have been invented in 1934. Beefsteak is typically used, although other meats can also be made into steak burgers. They may be prepared with various accompaniments and toppings, and several restaurant versions have existed in the past and continue to be prepared in contemporary times.

History

Use of the term "steakburger" dates to the 1920s in the United States.[1] In the U.S. in 1934, A.H. "Gus" Belt, the founder of Steak 'n Shake, devised a steak burger and offered it to customers at the company's first location in Normal, Illinois.[2] This steak burger used a combination of ground meat from the strip portion of T-bone steak and sirloin steak in its preparation.[2] Steak burgers were a primary menu item at Steak 'n Shake restaurants,[2] and the company's registered trademarks included "original steakburger" and "famous for steakburgers".[3]

Preparation

A steak burger prepared with chuck steak, with fried oyster, bacon and egg

Beefsteak is typically used, although other meats such as lamb and pork may also be used.[4] Ground,[5] chopped,[6] or minced steak is typically used in a steakburger. The steak meat may also be prepared using a food processor.[5] In Australia a steak burger or steak sandwich always contains a whole steak fillet; ground meat would not be used.[7] Steak burgers may be cooked to various temperatures, such as medium-rare.[8] Some steak burgers are prepared using Angus beef.[9]

Accompaniments

Steak burgers may be served with standard hamburger toppings such as lettuce, onion, and tomato.[8] Some may have additional various toppings such as cheese,[8] bacon, fried egg, mushrooms,[10] additional meats,[11] and others.

Restaurant versions

Various fast food outlets and restaurants‍—‌such as Burger King, Carl's Jr., Hardee's, Steak 'n Shake, Mr. Steak‍—‌, and Freddy's have offered steak burgers.[1][3][12][13][14] In the U.S., some restaurants have offered gourmet steak burgers prepared from USDA prime-grade, aged beef.[15] Additionally, many restaurants have used the term "steak burger" at various times.[13]

Some baseball parks in the United States have offered steak burgers as part of their concessions, such as Rosenblatt Stadium in Omaha, Nebraska.[16]

Burger King

Burger King introduced the Sirloin Steak sandwich in 1979 as part of a menu expansion that in turn was part of a corporate restructuring effort for the company.[1] It was a single oblong patty made of chopped steak served on a sub-style, sesame seed roll.[17][18] Additional steak burgers that Burger King has offered are the Angus Bacon Cheddar Ranch Steak Burger, the Angus Bacon & Cheese Steak Burger, and a limited edition Stuffed Steakhouse Burger.[1][19][20]

In 2004 Steak 'n Shake sued Burger King over the latter's use of term Steak Burger in conjunction with one of its menu items, claiming that such use infringed on trademark rights.[21][22] (According to the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Burger King's attorneys "grilled" Steak 'n Shake's CEO in court about the precise content of Steak 'n Shake's steakburger offering.)[21]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Perry, Catherine D., District Judge (July 7, 2004). "Memorandum and Order" (PDF). The Steak 'n Shake Company vs. The Burger King Corporation, Case No. 4:04CV525 CDP. United States District Court, Eastern District of Missouri, Eastern Division. Retrieved October 12, 2014.  (July 7, 2004) 323 F. Supp.2d 983 (E.D. Mo. 2004)
  2. ^ a b c Legendary Route 66. p. 210. 
  3. ^ a b Annual Franchise and Distribution Law Developments. pp. 109–110. 
  4. ^ Be Your Own Burger King. p. 14. 
  5. ^ a b Croft, Sara (October 9, 2014). "Make your own great steak burger". The Indianapolis Star. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  6. ^ London. 
  7. ^ "Steak Sandwich Around Australia". Outback Joe. Retrieved 18 July 2017. 
  8. ^ a b c Kearney, Syd (May 2, 2014). "One great dish: Signature Steak Burger at La Casa del Caballo". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  9. ^ Dream Trekker. p. 3. 
  10. ^ The Little Black Book of Burgers. Peter Pauper Press, Inc. p. 99. ISBN 1441300406. 
  11. ^ Hamburger America. pp. 41–42. 
  12. ^ LIFE. p. 83. 
  13. ^ a b Annual Review of Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation. pp. 1075–1076. 
  14. ^ Inventory. p. 186. 
  15. ^ Serious Eats. pp. 80–81. 
  16. ^ Brit at the Ballpark. p. 97. 
  17. ^ Specialty Sandwich commercial (Television commercial). 1979. 
  18. ^ Sasser Jr., W. Earl; Rikert, David C. (27 February 1996). "Burger King Corp". Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business Review. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  19. ^ "Burger King Angus Bacon Cheddar Ranch Steak Burger". The Impulsive Buy. January 17, 2005. Retrieved 11 October 2014. 
  20. ^ "REVIEW: Burger King Angus Bacon & Cheese Steak Burger". The Impulsive Buy. September 2, 2004. Retrieved 11 October 2014. 
  21. ^ a b Peter Shinkle (June 16, 2004). "Burger battle heats up in court". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Metro. 
  22. ^ "Steak 'n Shake sues Burger King over use of "steakburger" phrase". The Florida Times-Union. Associated Press. June 2, 2004. Retrieved 22 February 2015.