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Somerset House
Somerset House
is a large Neoclassical building situated on the south side of the Strand in central London, overlooking the River Thames, just east of Waterloo Bridge. The building, originally the site of a Tudor palace, was designed by Sir William Chambers in 1776, and further extended with Victorian wings to the east and west in 1831 and 1856 respectively.[2][3] The East Wing forms part of the adjacent Strand campus of King's College London.[4]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Old Somerset House

1.1.1 16th century 1.1.2 17th century

1.2 Somerset House
Somerset House
(Sir William Chambers, 1776)

1.2.1 Construction

1.2.1.1 Influence of Chambers' design

1.2.2 Gallery 1.2.3 19th century expansion 1.2.4 20th century

2 Historic use of the building

2.1 A home for arts and learning 2.2 Government use

2.2.1 Navy Office 2.2.2 Inland Revenue 2.2.3 Registry of Births, Marriages and Deaths 2.2.4 Somerset House
Somerset House
Laboratory 2.2.5 Other

3 Present-day

3.1 Filming location 3.2 Alternative proposal

4 References 5 External links

History[edit]

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Old Somerset House[edit] 16th century[edit] In the sixteenth century, the Strand, the north bank of the Thames between the City of London
London
and the Palace
Palace
of Westminster was a favoured site for the mansions of bishops and aristocrats, who could commute from their own landing stages up-river to the court or down-river to the City and beyond.[5] In 1539 Edward Seymour, 1st Earl of Hertford (d.1552), obtained a grant of land at "Chester Place, outside Temple Bar, London" from his brother-in-law King Henry VIII. When his nephew the boy-king Edward VI came to the throne in 1547, Seymour became Duke of Somerset
Duke of Somerset
and Lord Protector. In about 1549 he pulled down an old Inn of Chancery and other houses which stood on the site and began to build himself a palatial residence, making liberal use of other nearby buildings including some of the chantry chapels and cloisters at St. Paul's Cathedral, which were demolished partly at his behest as part of the ongoing Dissolution of the Monasteries. It was a two-story house built around a quadrangle with a gateway rising to three stories and was one of the earliest examples of Renaissance architecture in England. It is not known who designed the building. Before it was finished, however, the Duke of Somerset
Duke of Somerset
was overthrown, attainted by Parliament and in 1552 was executed on Tower Hill.[6] "Somerset Place" then came into the possession of the Crown. His royal nephew's half-sister the future Queen Elizabeth I lived there during the reign of her half-sister Queen Mary I (1553–1558). The process of completion and improvement was slow and costly. As late as 1598 Stow refers to it as "yet unfinished". 17th century[edit]

Old Somerset House, in a drawing by Jan Kip
Jan Kip
published in 1722, was a sprawling and irregular complex with wings from different periods in a mixture of styles. The buildings behind all four square gardens belong to Somerset House.

The view from the river terrace towards St Paul's Cathedral
St Paul's Cathedral
painted by Canaletto

In the 17th century, the house was used as a residence by queens consort. During the reign of King James I, the building became the London
London
residence of his wife, Anne of Denmark, and was renamed Denmark House. She commissioned a number of expensive additions and improvements, some to designs by Inigo Jones. In particular, during the period between 1630 and 1635 he built a Chapel where Henrietta Maria of France, wife of King Charles I, could exercise her Roman Catholic
Catholic
religion. This was in the care of the Capuchin Order and was on a site to the south-west of the Great Court. A small cemetery was attached and some of the tombstones are still to be seen built into one of the walls of a passage under the present quadrangle. Royal occupation of Somerset House
Somerset House
was interrupted by the English Civil War and in 1649 Parliament tried to sell it. They failed to find a buyer, though a sale of the contents realised the very considerable sum (for that time) of £118,000. Use was still found for it however. Part of it served as an Army headquarters, General Fairfax (the Parliamentary Commander-in-Chief) being given official quarters there; lodgings were also provided for certain other Parliamentary notables. It was in Somerset House
Somerset House
that Oliver Cromwell's body lay in state after his death in 1658. Two years later, with the Restoration, Queen Henrietta Maria returned and in 1661 began a considerable programme of rebuilding, the main feature of which was a magnificent new river front, again to the design of the late Inigo Jones, who had died at Somerset House
Somerset House
in 1652. However she returned to France in 1665 before it was finished. It was then used as an occasional residence by Catherine of Braganza, wife of King Charles II. During her time it received a certain notoriety as being, in the popular mind, a hot-bed of Catholic conspiracy. Titus Oates
Titus Oates
made full use of this prejudice in the fabricated details of the Popish Plot
Popish Plot
and it was alleged that Sir Edmund Berry Godfrey, whose murder was one of the great mysteries of the age, had been killed in Somerset House
Somerset House
before his body had been smuggled out and thrown into a ditch below Primrose Hill. Somerset House
Somerset House
was refurbished by Sir Christopher Wren
Sir Christopher Wren
in 1685. After the Glorious Revolution
Glorious Revolution
in 1688, Somerset House
Somerset House
entered on a long period of decline, being used (after Queen Catherine left England in 1692) for grace and favour residences. In the conditions of the time this meant almost inevitably that little money could be found for its upkeep, and a slow process of decay crept in. During the 18th century, however, the building ceased its royal associations. Though the view from its terraced riverfront garden, open to the public, was painted twice on his London
London
visit by Canaletto
Canaletto
(looking upriver and down), it was used for storage, as a residence for visiting overseas dignitaries and as a barracks for troops. Suffering from neglect, Old Somerset House began to be demolished in 1775. Somerset House
Somerset House
(Sir William Chambers, 1776)[edit]

The south wing of Chambers' Somerset House

Since the middle of the 18th century there had been growing criticism that London
London
had no great public buildings. Government departments and the learned societies were huddled away in small old buildings all over the city. Developing national pride found comparison with the capitals of the Continent disquieting. Edmund Burke
Edmund Burke
was the leading proponent of the scheme for a "national building", and in 1775 Parliament passed an Act for the purpose of, inter alia, "erecting and establishing Publick Offices in Somerset House, and for embanking Parts of the River Thames
River Thames
lying within the bounds of the Manor of Savoy". The list of "Publick Offices" mentioned in the Act comprised "The Salt Office, The Stamp Office, The Tax Office, The Navy Office, The Navy Victualling Office, The Publick Lottery Office, The Hawkers and Pedlar Office, The Hackney Coach
Hackney Coach
Office, The Surveyor General of the Crown Lands Office, The Auditors of the Imprest Office, The Pipe Office, The Office of the Duchy of Lancaster, The Office of the Duchy of Cornwall, The Office of Ordnance, The King's Bargemaster's House, The King's Bargehouses". Somerset House
Somerset House
was still technically a royal palace and Crown property. By an earlier Act of Parliament, it had been placed in trust for the use of Queen Charlotte
Queen Charlotte
in the event that her husband the King predecease her. Therefore the 1775 Act annulled this arrangement and instead provided for another property, Buckingham House, to be vested in trust for the Queen on the same terms. (Provision was made for the King, who had privately purchased Buckingham House some years earlier, to be duly compensated). In due course, the King outlived the Queen and the property (later known as Buckingham Palace) reverted 'to the use of His Majesty, his heirs and successors'.[7] Construction[edit]

Night view from beneath the Strand entrance

Sir William Chambers, Surveyor-General of Works was appointed at a salary of £2,000 p.a. to design and build the new Somerset House. He spent the last two decades of his life, beginning in 1775, in several phases of building at the present Somerset House. Thomas Telford, then a stonemason, but later an eminent civil engineer, was among those who worked on its construction. One of Chambers's most famous pupils, Thomas Hardwick
Thomas Hardwick
Jr, helped build parts of the building during his period of training and later wrote a short biography of Chambers. By 1780 the North Wing, fronting the Strand, was complete; its design was based on Inigo Jones's drawings for the riverfront of the former building. Construction of the riverside wing followed; it was completed in 1786 and the East and West wings were occupied from 1788.[8] It is not certain at what pace the rest of the construction progressed, but it is clear that the outbreak of war with France caused delays through lack of money. Chambers died in 1796, whereupon James Wyatt
James Wyatt
took over as architect. By 1801 the building was deemed to be complete,[8] but there are indications that as late as 1819 some decorative work still needed to be completed. The building (which did not yet include the "New Wing" and King's College London, situated behind the West and East Wings of the quadrangle respectively) cost £462,323.[8] At that time of construction, the river was not embanked and the Thames lapped the South Wing where three great arches allowed boats and barges to penetrate to landing places within the building. Influence of Chambers' design[edit] Charles Bulfinch's Massachusetts State House, begun in 1795, is a work "frankly derivative" of Somerset House.[9] Gallery[edit]

The Strand façade of Chambers' Somerset House
Somerset House
and the church of St Mary-le-Strand, shown in a view of 1836

The Strand façade today

Somerset House
Somerset House
in 1817, showing how the Thames originally flowed directly past the building.

The river front of Somerset House
Somerset House
today, seen from the Victoria Embankment.

Courtyard view of the East and South wings.

19th century expansion[edit]

Part of the New Wing (main entrance facing Lancaster Place).

Magnificent as the new building was, it was something short of what Chambers had intended, for he had planned for additional wings to the east and west of the quadrangle. Cost had been the inhibiting factor. Eventually King's College London
London
was erected to the east (the Government granting the land on condition that the design conformed to Chambers' original design) by subscription between 1829 and 1834. Then, increasing demand for space led to another and last step. The western edge of the site was occupied by a row of houses used as dwellings for Admiralty
Admiralty
officials who worked in the South Wing. Between 1851 and 1856 these were demolished and a further wing erected. 150 years later this part of the building is still known as the "New Wing". Somerset House
Somerset House
now presents more of the aspect of a terrace than Chambers would have intended. 20th century[edit]

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Civil Service Rifles
Civil Service Rifles
War Memorial: installed in the main courtyard in 1919, relocated to the Terrace in 2002.

Somerset House
Somerset House
had its share of trials and tribulations during World War II. Apart from comparatively minor blast effects at various times, sixteen rooms and the handsome rotunda staircase (the Nelson Stair) were completely destroyed in the South Wing, and a further 27 damaged in the West Wing by a direct hit in October 1940. Still more windows were shattered and balustrades toppled, but the worst was over by the end of May 1941. It was not until the 1950s that this damage to the South Wing was repaired. The work required skilled masons, whose services were hard to come by in the early post-war years. Sir Albert Richardson
Albert Richardson
was appointed architect for the reconstruction. He skillfully recreated the Nelson Room and rebuilt the Nelson Stair. The work was completed in 1952 at a cost of (then) £84,000. The newly restored part of the South Wing was taken by the Inland Revenue's Solicitor's Office and "Establishments" (now commonly "HR") Division, augmenting their existing accommodation in the West Wing. In 1984 the Somerset House
Somerset House
Act was passed, legislating the way for Somerset House
Somerset House
to be redeveloped as a centre for the arts. In 1997 the Somerset House
Somerset House
Trust was established as a charity to maintain the building and develop it as a centre for arts and culture.[10] Historic use of the building[edit] A home for arts and learning[edit]

The Exhibition Room at Somerset House
Somerset House
by Thomas Rowlandson
Thomas Rowlandson
and Augustus Charles Pugin
Augustus Charles Pugin
(1800). This room is now part of the Courtauld Gallery.

The North Wing of Somerset House
Somerset House
was initially fitted out to house the Royal Academy, the Royal Society
Royal Society
and the Society of Antiquaries. The Royal Academy
Royal Academy
took up residence first, in 1779, followed by the other two institutions the following year. The Royal Academy
Royal Academy
occupied the western half of the wing and the Royal Society
Royal Society
the eastern half; their main entrances faced each other across the central vestibule leading from the Strand to the courtyard, topped by busts (of Michelangelo
Michelangelo
and Isaac Newton
Isaac Newton
respectively) which are still in place today. The Society of Antiquaries was also accommodated in the eastern half of the wing, though its premises were limited to a first-floor meeting room, a ground-floor library, an apartment in the attic and a kitchen in the basement.[11] The Geological Society
Geological Society
was also accommodated in the Somerset House from 1828,[12] as was the Royal Astronomical Society
Royal Astronomical Society
from 1834.[13] The annual Royal Academy
Royal Academy
Exhibition was held in Somerset House
Somerset House
from 1780 onwards, until the Academy moved out in 1837 (initially to rooms in the new National Gallery, then to Burlington House, Piccadilly). Its former accommodation was given over to a newly-established Government School of Design (which was much later to become the Royal College of Art); it remained in the complex from 1837 until, in 1853, the Registry of Births, Marriages and Deaths needed to expand its office space and the School relocated to Marlborough House. In 1857, the Royal Society
Royal Society
moved out of Somerset House, followed in 1874 by the Society of Antiquaries, the Geological Society
Geological Society
and the Royal Astronomical Society; they were all provided with new purpose-built accommodation in Burlington House.[8] Government use[edit] A key reason for rebuilding Somerset House
Somerset House
was to provide accommodation for a diverse variety of government offices. Navy Office[edit] In 1789 the Navy Board
Navy Board
moved into grand riverside rooms in the western half of the newly-completed South Wing. It was soon followed by its subsidiary Boards, the Victualling Commissioners
Victualling Commissioners
and the Sick and Hurt Commissioners, which (along with the Navy Pay Office) occupied the West Wing; they had all hitherto been based in the City of London. Thus the various Navy offices occupied around a third of Chambers' completed building.[14] As well as accommodating the officials and administrative staff of the Boards, Somerset House
Somerset House
provided the venue for examinations and interviews for junior officers seeking promotion (one of the Navy Board's areas of responsibility). In 1832 the Navy Board
Navy Board
and its subsidiaries were abolished and their departments placed under the direct oversight of the Admiralty. Their administrative staff remained in Somerset House, but communications with the Admiralty
Admiralty
(based a mile away in Whitehall) were problematic as what became known as the 'civil departments' of the Admiralty guarded their independence. In 1868, the Admiralty
Admiralty
took the decision to move all their staff from Somerset House
Somerset House
to Whitehall; this necessitated reconfiguring what had been a set of residences there pertaining to the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty
Admiralty
into office accommodation.[15] Nevertheless, the move was completed by 1873, and the expanding Inland Revenue
Inland Revenue
immediately took over the vacated space in Somerset House.[8] Inland Revenue[edit]

The Stamp Office, Somerset House: the basement stamping room.

From the beginning of the new Somerset House
Somerset House
there was a fiscal presence in the shape of the Stamp Office
Stamp Office
and the Tax Office, the former occupying the eastern part of the South Wing from 1789 and the latter occupying part of the East Wing. These two Offices (which were merged in 1836) went on to help form the Inland Revenue, which soon became the largest occupier of the building. The Stamp Office
Stamp Office
had the task of applying an impressed duty stamp to various specific items to show that the required duty had been paid. For example, up until 1855 (when the relevant duty was abolished) every newspaper produced in the country had to be brought to Somerset House to be stamped.[16] The Tax Office administered and collected various taxes, including income tax (first levied in 1799). Introduced as a means of raising revenue in wartime, it was collected during the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars; though repealed in 1816, it was reintroduced in peacetime (in 1842) and has been collected ever since. It later became the main focus of the Revenue officers at Somerset House. The Inland Revenue
Inland Revenue
was created by a merger of the Stamp and Taxes Office and the Excise
Excise
Office in 1849; in 1854 the Excise
Excise
Office staff were moved from their old headquarters in the City of London
London
into the newly-built New Wing.[17] Somerset House
Somerset House
continued in use by the Inland Revenue
Inland Revenue
throughout the 20th century. In 2005, the Inland Revenue
Inland Revenue
was merged with HM Customs and Excise; its successor HM Revenue & Customs continued to occupy much of the building, although its executive and senior management moved to 100 Parliament Street shortly after the merger. Various divisions and directorates of HMRC continued to occupy the East Wing until 2009, the West Wing until 2011 and the New Wing until March 2013, by which time all staff had been relocated (with most moving across the street to the south-west wing of Bush House). This brought to an end a 224-year association of the revenue services with Somerset House.[10] Registry of Births, Marriages and Deaths[edit] In 1837, following the establishment of civil registration in the United Kingdom, the Registrar General of Births, Marriages and Deaths set up his office in the North Wing of Somerset House, establishing a connection that lasted for over 130 years. This office held all birth, marriage and death certificates in England and Wales
England and Wales
until 1970, when the Registry and its associated archives were moved to nearby St Catherine's House at Aldwych. Somerset House
Somerset House
Laboratory[edit] In 1842, the Excise
Excise
Office had established a laboratory within its Broad Street headquarters for the prevention of the adulteration of tobacco products. It had started as basically a one-man operation by an employee of the Excise, George Phillips. After the Excise
Excise
Office had been merged with the Office of Stamps and Taxes to form the Inland Revenue, the latter took over the laboratory; by 1858 it was re-established in Somerset House
Somerset House
as the Inland Revenue
Inland Revenue
Laboratory (with Phillips remaining in charge). It was also known as the Somerset House Laboratory. Under the Inland Revenue, the Laboratory's work expanded to encompass the testing of many different substances, including food, beer and spirits, as well as tobacco.[18] Its work was further enhanced by the Sale of Food and Drugs Act 1875. Phillips retired as principal chemist in 1874. Dr. James Bell was then the principal chemist of Somerset House
Somerset House
Laboratory until his retirement in 1894.[19] He was replaced as principal chemist by Sir Thomas Edward Thorpe. At the same time, the Laboratory was amalgamated with a similar facility that had been established within HM Customs and it was renamed the Government Laboratory. In 1897, Thorpe moved the Government Laboratory from Somerset House
Somerset House
to a new building of his own design. Other[edit] In addition to the learned societies, the ground floor rooms of the North wing housed the Hawkers and Pedlars
Pedlars
Office (on the west side) and the Hackney Coach
Hackney Coach
Office, the Lottery Office, the Privy Seal and Signet Offices (on the east side).[20] The Hackney Coach
Hackney Coach
commissioners had been established on a permanent footing in 1694,[21], while the Board of Commissioners of Hawkers, Pedlars
Pedlars
and Petty Chapmen dated from 1698;[22] the latter was abolished in 1810 and its work taken over by the Hackney Coach
Hackney Coach
Office until its abolition in 1831, whereupon responsibility for licensing both of hackney carriages and of travelling traders passed to the Stamp Office. The Lottery Office, established in 1779, was also abolished in 1831 and its residual business likewise passed to the Stamp Office.[23] The Signet Office was abolished in 1851 and the Privy Seal Office
Privy Seal Office
in 1884.[24] One of the first occupants of the building had been the Duchy of Cornwall Office. It was accommodated in the East Wing along with the Tax Office and various Exchequer
Exchequer
offices (including the Pipe Office, the Lord Treasurer's Remembrancer's Office and the Office of the Clerk of the Estreats). As early as 1795 the Exchequer
Exchequer
was requesting that more space be made available; Sir John Soane
Sir John Soane
was engaged to redesign their offices, and as part of the scheme the Duchy was relocated to another part of the east wing, prompting complaints from its officers.[25] Pipe rolls
Pipe rolls
and other ancient records of the Treasury and Exchequer
Exchequer
(which had been moved to Somerset House
Somerset House
from the Palace
Palace
of Westminster in 1793) remained stored in the basements until the establishment of the Public Record Office
Public Record Office
in 1838.[26] The office of Lord Treasurer's Remembrancer ceased to exist in 1833 and the Pipe Office was abolished in 1834; however space in Somerset House continued to be at a premium: in 1854 an Act of Parliament was passed (the Duchy of Cornwall
Duchy of Cornwall
Office Act 1854) noting that the Duchy's rooms in Somerset House
Somerset House
were now needed 'for the use of the Commissioners of Inland Revenue, whose present office is insufficient for the Business thereof, and adjoins the said Office of the Duchy of Cornwall'. The Act provided for the Duchy Office to move to new, purpose-built premises in Pimlico: now known as 10 Buckingham Gate, the building still serves as head office for the Duchy.[27] The Commissioners for Auditing Public Accounts were also housed in the East Wing, as was the Duchy of Lancaster
Duchy of Lancaster
Office (having moved there from accommodation in Gray's Inn) until it moved in 1823 to new offices across the road in Lancaster Place.[28] The Surveyor of Crown Lands also had his Office here until the early 19th century. The Salt Office initially occupied rooms in the West Wing, alongside the naval offices, but it was abolished in 1798 (administration of the salt tax having been transferred to the Board of Excise).[20] During the 19th century Somerset House
Somerset House
contained the offices of the Poor Law Commissioners
Poor Law Commissioners
(1834-47)[29] the Tithe Commissioners (1836-51)[30] and, from 1859 until 1998, the Principal Registry of the Court of Probate and its successors.[31] In 1891 a headquarters building was constructed in the West Court (between the West Wing and the New Wing) for the Civil Service Rifles, a Rifle Volunteer Corps.[32] Present-day[edit]

The dancing fountains were installed in the 1990s.

In the late 20th century the building began to be reinvigorated as a centre for the visual arts. The first institution to move in (in 1989) was the Courtauld Institute of Art, including the Courtauld Gallery, which has an important collection of old master and impressionist paintings. The Courtauld occupies the North Wing. In the late 1990s the main courtyard ceased to be a civil service carpark; it and the main terrace overlooking the Thames was refurbished and opened to the public, these alterations being overseen by the leading conservation architects Donald Insall & Associates. Grants from the Heritage Lottery Fundenabled the conversion of the South Wing in 1999-2003: a visitor centre featuring audio-visual displays on the history of the building, the gilded state barge of the Lord Mayor of the City of London
London
and a shop and café were opened, overlooking the river. The Gilbert Collection of decorative arts, and the Hermitage Rooms, which stage exhibitions of items loaned from the Hermitage Museum
Hermitage Museum
in St Petersburg, moved into the same area.[33] The last Hermitage exhibition took place in 2007 and the Gilbert Collection galleries closed in 2008; the collection moved into new galleries at the Victoria and Albert Museum
Victoria and Albert Museum
in June 2009. Somerset House now puts on a programme of art exhibitions drawing on various sources.[34] In stages from 2009-2013, HM Revenue and Customs withdrew from the other parts of the building; since March 2013 the Somerset House
Somerset House
Trust has had oversight of the entire complex. Its management policy has been to rent out the upper floors at a commercial rate to 'creative businesses' whilst devoting the ground floor to 'public realm' activities. The trust receives no public subsidy and relies on income from rent and private hire to fund the upkeep of the estate and relies on ticket sales, merchandising and sponsorship to fund its artistic and cultural programme.[10] Somerset House
Somerset House
is now residence to over a hundred tenants, comprising a large and diverse collection of creative organisations and artists including the British Fashion Council, 7Wonder, Hofesh Shechter Company and the Royal Society
Royal Society
of Literature.[35] The largest tenant is King's College London
London
whose Cultural Institute, Executive Centre and Dickson Poon School of Law
Dickson Poon School of Law
occupy a large part of the East Wing. For a time the Representative of Anguilla
Anguilla
(the diplomatic mission of the British Overseas Territory
British Overseas Territory
of Anguilla) was accommodated in part of the west wing.[36]

The ice-skating rink at Somerset House
Somerset House
during Christmas 2004.

In the winter the central courtyard is home to a popular open air ice rink, as seen during the opening credits of the 2003 Christmas-themed film Love Actually.[37] At other times, an array of fountains display 55 vertical jets of water rising to random heights.[38]

Post-rock
Post-rock
band Mogwai
Mogwai
playing live at Somerset House.

The courtyard is also used as a concert venue.[39] A series of music events called the 'Summer series' are held in July each year. These have included performances from artists such as Bat For Lashes, Lupe Fiasco, Snow Patrol, We Are Scientists, Lily Allen
Lily Allen
and Amy Winehouse. A Goldfrapp
Goldfrapp
concert was filmed in the courtyard and released on the Wonderful Electric
Wonderful Electric
DVD. There is also an annual summer season of outdoor film showings. Filming location[edit] Somerset House
Somerset House
is a popular filming location with its exterior featuring in several big budget Hollywood
Hollywood
films. Among these include two James Bond
James Bond
films, Tomorrow Never Dies
Tomorrow Never Dies
and GoldenEye,[40][41] and several scenes of the 2003 film, Shanghai Knights
Shanghai Knights
starring Jackie Chan and Owen Wilson
Owen Wilson
were filmed in the courtyard of Somerset House.[42][43] The courtyard was also used in the 1991 comedy King Ralph.[44] Elements of the 2008 film The Duchess starring Keira Knightley and Ralph Fiennes
Ralph Fiennes
were filmed in October 2007.[45] Somerset House was also used as a filming location in several Sherlock Holmes films, including the 1970 film The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes, and more recently, Sherlock Holmes
Sherlock Holmes
(2009) starring Jude Law
Jude Law
and Robert Downey, Jr. directed by Guy Ritchie.[46][47] Exterior shots of Somerset House
Somerset House
were also used in the 1999 Tim Burton
Tim Burton
horror film, Sleepy Hollow starring Johnny Depp
Johnny Depp
and the 2006 film, Flyboys.[48][49] It was used as a filming location in the 2012 Bollywood
Bollywood
film Jab Tak Hai Jaan, starring Shah Rukh Khan, Katrina Kaif
Katrina Kaif
and Anushka Sharma, and directed by Yash Chopra.[50] Somerset House
Somerset House
Courtyard was also used in the 2008 movie Last Chance Harvey
Last Chance Harvey
with Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
and Emma Thompson. Emma’s character says she likes to sit and watch the children play under the fountains. Scenes were filmed in Somerset House in the Olympus Has Fallen
Olympus Has Fallen
sequel, London
London
Has Fallen.[51] Somerset House
Somerset House
was also the main location for the BBC's New Year Live television show, presented by Natasha Kaplinsky, which celebrated the arrival of the year 2006.[52] It also stood in for Buckingham Palace in the episode "Celebrity" of Spooks.[citation needed] Snow Patrol
Snow Patrol
recorded a DVD at Somerset House
Somerset House
as part of their Final Straw tour. It was filmed on 8 August 2004 and was released in November 2004. Alternative proposal[edit] In 2004 it was proposed that the newly proposed Supreme Court of the United Kingdom be housed in the New Wing because of its proximity to the legal quarter nearby, the Royal Courts of Justice
Royal Courts of Justice
and Inns of Court; however, a decision was made to use Middlesex Guildhall instead. References[edit] Notes

^ "Since the 18th century". Somerset House
Somerset House
Trust. Retrieved 27 February 2013.  ^ Humphreys (2003), pp. 165-6 ^ Somerset House
Somerset House
Trust (2010), Annual Report (PDF), Somerset House Trust, p. 3, archived from the original (PDF) on 29 June 2012, retrieved 27 February 2013  ^ "Restoration of a Grade I listed Building" (PDF). WRAP. Retrieved 27 February 2013.  ^ Thurley et al (2009), p.9 ^ Who decided Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset, should be executed?, retrieved 5 March 2018  ^ 15 Geo.III c.33: An Act for settling Buckingham House, with the Appurtenances, upon the Queen, in case she should survive His Majesty, in lieu of His Majesty's Palace
Palace
of Somerset House. ^ a b c d e "History". Somerset House. Retrieved 20 March 2018.  ^ Shand-Tucci, Douglass. Built in Boston: City and Suburb, 1800-2000, p. 6. University of Massachusetts Press, Amherst, 1999. ISBN 1-55849-201-1. ^ a b c "Annual Report and Accounts 2014-15". Somerset House
Somerset House
Trust. Retrieved 28 March 2018.  ^ "The Strand Block of Somerset House, 1780-1836: Part II". History Today. Retrieved 21 March 2018.  ^ "History". The Geological Society. Retrieved 21 March 2018.  ^ "A brief history of the RAS". Royal Astronomical Society. Retrieved 21 March 2018.  ^ " Somerset House
Somerset House
looking East". Royal Museums Greenwich. Retrieved 21 March 2018.  ^ Coad, Jonathan (2013). Support for the Fleet. English Heritage.  ^ Information panel ^ Smith, Graham (1980). Something to Declare: 1000 years of Customs & Excise. London: Harrap & Co.  ^ "Laboratory of the Government Chemist". Grace's Guide to British Industrial History. Retrieved 20 March 2018.  ^ "obit. Dr. James Bell, C.B., F.R.S." Nature. 77 (2006): 539–540. 9 April 1908. doi:10.1038/077539a0.  ^ a b Urban, Sylvanus (1807). "Somerset House". The Gentleman's Magazine and Historical Chronical. 77: 545.  ^ "Vehicle registration and licensing records" (PDF). London Metropolitan Archives. Corporation of London. Retrieved 4 April 2018.  ^ Pedlars
Pedlars
Act 1697 ^ "Lottery Office records". National Archives. Retrieved 4 April 2018.  ^ "Records of the Keeper of the Privy Seal". National Archives. Retrieved 4 April 2018.  ^ "London: Somerset House, Lords Commissioners of the Treasury: designs for alterations to offices, 1795". Sir John Soane's Museum Collection online. Retrieved 4 April 2018.  ^ Cooper, C.P. (ed.) (1837). Evidence ... before the Select Committee of the House of Commons, appointed 'to inquire into the management of the Record Commission and the present state of the records of the United Kingdom'. London: House of Commons. p. 205. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ Architectural drawing ^ "Records of the Duchy of Lancaster". National Archives. Retrieved 4 April 2018.  ^ "Records of the Poor Law Commission, Poor Law Board and Poor Law Department of the Local Government Board". National Archives. Retrieved 5 April 2018.  ^ "Somerset House. Tithe Commission Office. Plans & Elevation Of the Proposed Additions". National Archives. Retrieved 5 April 2018.  ^ "Somerset House: Court of Probate. Elevation of New Principal Registry". National Archives. Retrieved 5 April 2018.  ^ "Somerset House: West Court - Civil Service Volunteers Building". National Archives. Retrieved 5 April 2018.  ^ " Hermitage Rooms
Hermitage Rooms
at Somerset House". Cultural Innovations. 2009. Archived from the original on 20 June 2013. Retrieved 27 February 2013.  ^ "Somerset House". Time Out London. Retrieved 27 February 2013.  ^ "Residents". Somerset House. 2016-08-29. Retrieved 2017-11-24.  ^ "The London
London
Diplomatic List" (PDF). 14 December 2013.  ^ "The Big Skate: outdoor ice rinks in London". BBC. 25 November 2009. Retrieved 27 February 2013.  ^ Humphreys (2003), p. 166 ^ Somerset House
Somerset House
- Music Archived 19 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Tomorrow Never Dies
Tomorrow Never Dies
(1997)". British-Film-Locations.com. Retrieved 28 February 2013.  ^ "Goldeneye (1995)". British-Film-Locations.com. Retrieved 28 February 2013.  ^ " Shanghai Knights
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Bibliography

Borer, Mary Cathcart The City of London: A History. New York: McKay, 1977 (pp 156) Humphreys, Rob (2003). The Rough Guide to London
London
(5 ed.). Rough Guides Ltd. pp. 165–6. ISBN 1843530937.  Stow, John A Survey of London. Reprinted from the Text of 1603. Ed. Charles Lethbridge Kingsford. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1908 (2:394-5 Thurley, Simon; et al. (2009). Etherington-Smith, Meredith, ed. Somerset House: The History. Somerset House
Somerset House
Trust/Cultureshock Media. ISBN 978-0956266903. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Somerset House
Somerset House
at Wikimedia Commons Official website of Somerset House

v t e

Royal palaces and residences in the United Kingdom

Occupied

Bagshot Park Balmoral Castle, Birkhall
Birkhall
& Craigowan Lodge Buckingham Palace Gatcombe Park Highgrove House Hillsborough Castle Holyrood Palace St James's Palace
Palace
& Clarence House Kensington Palace
Palace
& Wren House Llwynywermod Sandringham House, Anmer Hall
Anmer Hall
& Wood Farm Tamarisk (Isles of Scilly) Thatched House Lodge Windsor Castle
Windsor Castle
& Royal Lodge, Windsor

Historical principal royal residences

St James's Palace Hampton Court Palace Tower of London Windsor Castle

Historical

Abergeldie Castle Albany (London) Allerton Castle Audley End House Palace
Palace
of Beaulieu Barnwell Manor Beaumont Palace Fort Belvedere, Windsor Bentley Priory Berkhamsted Castle Birch Hall, Surrey Brantridge Park Bridewell Palace Brill Palace Bushy House Cadzow Castle Caernarfon Castle Cambridge Cottage, Kew Cambridge House Carisbrooke Castle Carlton House Castle Hill Lodge, Ealing Castlewood House, Surrey Chelsea Manor Chevening Chideock Manor Chiswick House Christ Church, Oxford Claremont Clarendon Palace Cliveden Coombe Abbey Coppins Crocker End House Crosby Hall, London Cumberland Cottage Cumberland House Cumberland Lodge Delnadamph Lodge Dolphin Square Doune Castle Dover House Dublin Castle Dunfermline Palace Eastwell Park Edinburgh Castle Eltham Palace Falkland Palace Frogmore House Gloucester House Gloucester House, London Gloucester Lodge Gunnersbury Park Hampton Court Palace Hanworth Manor Hatfield House Havering Palace Ingestre House Kent House (Isle of Wight) Kew House (Isle of Wight) Kew Palace Kingsbourne House King's House, Winchester Kings Langley Palace Lancaster House Leeds Castle Leicester Square Les Jolies Eaux Linlithgow Palace Tower of London Marlborough House Montagu House Castle of Mey Nether Lypiatt Manor Nonsuch Palace Norfolk House Oak Grove House Oatlands Palace Oatlands Park Osborne Cottage Osborne House Palace
Palace
of Placentia Queen Charlotte's Cottage, Kew Queen's House Ranger's House Ribsden Holt Richmond Palace
Palace
& White Lodge Romenda Lodge Royal City of Dublin Hospital Royal Pavilion, Aldershot Royal Pavilion, Brighton Sagana Lodge Savile House Savoy Palace Schomberg House Somerset House Stirling Castle Sunninghill Park Sussex House The More Theobalds Palace Villa Guardamangia Walmer Castle Palace
Palace
of Westminster Palace
Palace
of Whitehall
Whitehall
& the Banqueting House Windlesham Moor Witley Court Woodstock Palace York Cottage, Sandringham York House, St James's Palace

v t e

London
London
landmarks

Buildings and structures

Bridges

Albert Bridge Blackfriars Bridge Hungerford Bridge and Golden Jubilee Bridges Lambeth Bridge London
London
Bridge Millennium Footbridge Southwark Bridge Tower Bridge Vauxhall Bridge Waterloo Bridge Westminster Bridge

Entertainment venues

Cinemas

Empire, Leicester Square BFI IMAX Odeon, Leicester Square

Football stadia

Wembley Stadium
Wembley Stadium
(national stadium) Craven Cottage
Craven Cottage
(Fulham) The Den
The Den
(Millwall) Emirates Stadium
Emirates Stadium
(Arsenal) Loftus Road
Loftus Road
(Queens Park Rangers) London
London
Stadium (West Ham United) Selhurst Park
Selhurst Park
(Crystal Palace) Stamford Bridge (Chelsea) The Valley (Charlton Athletic) White Hart Lane
White Hart Lane
(Tottenham Hotspur)

Other major sports venues

All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club The Championship Course
The Championship Course
(rowing) Crystal Palace
Palace
National Sports Centre Lord's
Lord's
(cricket) Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park The Oval
The Oval
(cricket) Twickenham Stadium
Twickenham Stadium
(rugby)

Theatres

Adelphi Apollo Victoria Coliseum Criterion Dominion Lyceum Old Vic Palladium Royal National Theatre Royal Opera House Shakespeare's Globe Theatre Royal, Drury Lane Theatre Royal Haymarket Vaudeville

Other

Alexandra Palace Brixton Academy ExCeL Hammersmith Apollo O2 Arena Royal Albert Hall Royal Festival Hall Wembley Arena

Government

10 Downing Street Admiralty
Admiralty
Arch Bank of England City Hall County Hall Guildhall Horse Guards Mansion House National Archives Old Bailey Palace
Palace
of Westminster Royal Courts of Justice Scotland Yard SIS Building

Museums and galleries

British Museum Cutty Sark Golden Hinde HMS Belfast Imperial War Museum Madame Tussauds Museum of London National Gallery National Maritime Museum Natural History Museum Royal Academy
Royal Academy
of Arts Royal Observatory Science Museum Tate Britain Tate Modern Tower of London Victoria and Albert Museum

Places of worship

All Hallows-by-the-Tower BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir Bevis Marks Synagogue Methodist Central Hall Regent's Park
Regent's Park
Mosque St Martin-in-the-Fields St Mary-le-Bow St Paul's Cathedral Southwark Cathedral Westminster Abbey Westminster Cathedral

Retailing

Shops

Fortnum & Mason Hamleys Harrods Liberty Peter Jones Selfridges

Shopping centres and markets

Borough Market Brent Cross Burlington Arcade Kensington Arcade Leadenhall Market The Mall Wood Green One New Change Petticoat Lane Market Royal Exchange Westfield London Westfield Stratford City

Royal buildings

Partly occupied by the Royal Family

Buckingham Palace Clarence House Kensington Palace St James's Palace

Unoccupied

Banqueting House Hampton Court Palace Kew Palace The Queen's Gallery Royal Mews, Buckingham Palace

Skyscrapers

Broadgate Tower 1 Canada Square 8 Canada Square 25 Canada Square 1 Churchill Place 20 Fenchurch Street Heron Tower Leadenhall Building The Shard St George Wharf Tower 30 St Mary Axe Tower 42

Structures

Albert Memorial ArcelorMittal Orbit Big Ben Cleopatra's Needle Crystal Palace
Palace
transmitting station London
London
Eye London
London
Wall Marble Arch The Monument Nelson's Column Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
("Eros") Thames Barrier Wellington Arch

Transport

City Airport Heathrow Airport Charing Cross station Clapham Junction station Euston station King's Cross station Liverpool Street station London
London
Bridge station Paddington station St Pancras station Stratford station Victoria station Waterloo station Victoria Coach Station Emirates Air Line cable car

Other

Barbican Estate Battersea Power Station British Library BT Tower Kew Gardens Lambeth Palace Lloyd's building London
London
Zoo Oxo Tower St Bartholomew's Hospital Smithfield Market Somerset House

Parks

Royal Parks

Bushy Park Green Park Greenwich Park Hampton Court Park Hyde Park Kensington Gardens Regent's Park Richmond Park St. James's Park

Other

Battersea Park Burgess Park Clapham Common College Green Epping Forest Finsbury Park Gunnersbury Park Hampstead Heath Holland Park Mitcham Common Osterley Park Trent Park Victoria Park Wandsworth Common Wimbledon Common

Squares and public spaces

Covent Garden Horse Guards Parade Leicester Square Oxford Circus Parliament Square Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Circus Sloane Square Trafalgar Square

Streets

Aldwych Baker Street Bishopsgate Bond Street Carnaby Street Chancery Lane Charing Cross Road Cheapside Cornhill Denmark Street Fenchurch Street Fleet Street Haymarket Jermyn Street Kensington High Street King's Road Lombard Street The Mall Oxford Street Park Lane Piccadilly Portobello Road Regent Street Shaftesbury Avenue Sloane Street Strand Tottenham Court Road Victoria Embankment Whitehall

Architecture po

.