Shizuoka Prefecture (静岡県 Shizuoka-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshu. The capital is the city of Shizuoka, while Hamamatsu is the largest city by population.
View of Mt. Fuji from Fujinomiya
Shizuoka Prefecture was formed from the former Tōtōmi, Suruga and Izu provinces.
The area was the home of the first Tokugawa shōgun. Tokugawa Ieyasu held the region until he conquered the lands of the Hōjō clan in the Kantō region and placed land under the stewardship of Toyotomi Hideyoshi. After becoming shōgun, Tokugawa took the land back for his family and put the area around modern-day Shizuoka city under the direct supervision of the shogunate. With the creation of Shizuoka han in 1868, it once again became the residence of the Tokugawa family.
Map of Shizuoka Prefecture
Shizuoka Prefecture is an elongated region following the coast of the Pacific Ocean at the Suruga Bay. In the west, the prefecture extends deep into the Japan Alps. In the east, it becomes a narrower coast bounded in the north by Mount Fuji, until it comes to the Izu Peninsula, a popular resort area pointing south into the Pacific.
As of 1 April 2012, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Fuji-Hakone-Izu and Minami Alps National Parks; Tenryū-Okumikawa Quasi-National Park; and four Prefectural Natural Parks.
Throughout history, a disastrous earthquake called the Tokai earthquake has hit Shizuoka every 100 to 150 years. On Tuesday, March 15, 2011, Shizuoka Prefecture was hit with a magnitude 6.2 earthquake approximately 42 km (26 mi) NNE of Shizuoka City.
Twenty-three cities are located in Shizuoka:
These are the towns in each district:
- Shizuoka East-West Road
- Shizuoka South-North Road
- West Fuji Road (not a toll road anymore as of 2012)
- Fujinomiya Road
- Shimizu Port
- Atami Port and Shimoda Port - Mainly ferry route to Izu Island
- Numazu Port
- National university
- Public university
- Private university
Senior high schools
|This section needs expansion
. You can help by adding to it. (October 2015)
The sports teams listed below are based in Shizuoka.
- Air Park （Japan Air Self-Defense Force Hamamatsu Public Information Building）
- Shimizu Sushi Museum
Festivals and events
A kite festival in Hamamatsu, May 2013
- Shimoda Black Ship Festival, held in May
- Shimizu Port Festival, held on August 5 to 7
- Shizuoka Festival, held in April
- Daidogei World Cup in central Shizuoka City, held in November
- Enshu Daimyo Festival in Iwata, held in April
- Numazu Festival, held in July
- Mishima Festival, held in August
- ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Shizuoka-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 876, p. 876, at Google Books; "Chūbu" in p. 126, p. 126, at Google Books
- ^ Nussbaum, "Shizuoka" at p. 876, p. 876, at Google Books.
- ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
- ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- ^ "About Air Park （Japan Air Self-Defense Force Hamamatsu Public Information Building） - Shizuoka Travel Guide Planetyze". Planetyze. Retrieved 2017-11-17.
- ^ "About Shimizu Sushi Museum - Shizuoka Travel Guide Planetyze". Planetyze. Retrieved 2017-11-17.