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The SAN GABRIEL VALLEY is one of the principal valleys of Southern California
California
, lying generally to the east of the city of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
. Surrounding features include:

* San Gabriel Mountains
San Gabriel Mountains
on the north, * San Rafael Hills to the west, with Los Angeles Basin
Los Angeles Basin
beyond; San Fernando Valley and Crescenta Valley farther to the northwest, * Puente Hills to the south, with the coastal plain of Orange County beyond, * Chino Hills and San Jose Hills to the east, with the Pomona Valley and Inland Empire
Inland Empire
beyond.

The valley derives its name from the San Gabriel River that flows southward through the center of the valley, which itself was named for the Spanish Mission San Gabriel Arcángel
Mission San Gabriel Arcángel
originally built in the Whittier Narrows in 1771.

At one time predominantly agricultural, the San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
is today almost entirely urbanized and is an integral part of the Greater Los Angeles
Los Angeles
metropolitan area. It is one of the most ethnically diverse regions in the country. About 200 square miles (520 km2) in size, the valley includes thirty-one cities and five unincorporated communities.

In 1886, Pasadena was the first independent incorporated city still located in Los Angeles County
Los Angeles County
(both Anaheim and Santa Ana are now located in Orange County).

CONTENTS

* 1 Cities and communities

* 2 Early history

* 2.1 Timeline

* 3 Demographics and ethnic diversity

* 3.1 Asian American
Asian American
influx

* 4 Local interest

* 4.1 Politics and government

* 5 Transportation

* 6 Local media

* 6.1 Newspapers and online media * 6.2 Filming locations

* 7 Climate * 8 Institutions of higher learning * 9 Local sites of interest * 10 Company headquarters * 11 Area codes * 12 See also * 13 References * 14 External links

CITIES AND COMMUNITIES

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
River, highlighted in red (on the left). The San Gabriel River is highlighted in red on the right.

The San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
is in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County. The incorporated cities and unincorporated neighborhoods of the San Gabriel Valley include:

* Altadena * Alhambra * Arcadia * Avocado Heights * Azusa * Baldwin Park * Bassett * Bradbury * Charter Oak * Citrus * City of Industry * Claremont * Covina * Diamond Bar * Duarte * East Pasadena * El Monte * Glendora * Hacienda Heights * Hillgrove * Irwindale * La Cañada Flintridge * La Puente * La Verne * Mayflower Village * Monrovia * Monterey Park * North El Monte * Pasadena * Pomona * Rosemead * Rowland Heights * San Dimas * San Gabriel * San Marino * Sierra Madre * South El Monte * South Pasadena * South San Gabriel * South San Jose Hills * Temple City * Valinda * Vincent * Walnut * West Covina * West Puente Valley

Whittier, California, late 19th century

Whittier , like Montebello, is considered both a San Gabriel Valley city and part of the Gateway Cities region. Some of Whittier sits below the Puente Hills . Although these hills are small compared to the San Gabriel Mountains, the fact that most of the city sits around them makes Whittier a San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
city. This is similar to Montebello, which is a member of the Gateway Cities Council of Governments, despite geographically being part of the San Gabriel Valley.

Claremont , Diamond Bar , La Verne , Pomona , San Dimas and Walnut are adjacent to the San Gabriel Valley, and although are properly considered part of the Pomona Valley
Pomona Valley
, they are also commonly considered part of the San Gabriel Valley. The 57 Freeway (Orange Freeway) is generally considered the dividing line between the Pomona and San Gabriel valleys. However, for statistical and economic development purposes, the County of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
generally includes these six cities as part of the San Gabriel Valley. The community of El Sereno , in the city of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
, is situated at the westernmost edge of the Valley. Unofficial estimates place the combined population of the San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
at around 2 million—roughly a fifth of the population of Los Angeles County
Los Angeles County
.

EARLY HISTORY

Before the arrival of the Spaniards , the land along the Rio Hondo River , a branch of the San Gabriel River, was populated by the Tongva part of the Uto-Aztecan family Native Americans . The Tongva occupied much of the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
basin and the islands of Santa Catalina , San Nicolas , San Clemente and Santa Barbara . In the northern part of the valley were the Hahanog-na Indian tribe, a branch of the Tongva Nation (part of the Shoshone language group) who lived in villages scattered along the Arroyo Seco and the canyons from the mountains down to the South Pasadena area. In 1542,when the Portuguese explorer João Rodrigues Cabrilho arrived off the shores of San Pedro and Santa Catalina. The Tongva were the people who rowed the remarkable Ti'ats (plank canoes) out to meet Cabrilho. The language of the Tongva was different from the neighboring Indian tribes and it was called Gabrielino by the Spanish. The Tongva also provide the origin of many current names; Piwongna – Pomona, Pasakeg-na – Pasadena, Cucomog-na – Cucamonga. The Gabrielinos lived in dome-like structures with thatched exteriors. Both sexes wore long hair styles and tattooed their bodies. During warm weather the men wore little clothing, but the women would wear minimal skirts made of animal hides. During the cold weather they would wear animal skin capes. European diseases killed many of the Tongva and by 1870 the area had few remaining native inhabitants. Today, several bands of Tongva people
Tongva people
live in the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
area.

The first Europeans to see inland areas of California
California
were the members of the 1769 Portolà expedition , which traveled north by land after establishing the first Spanish settlement in today's state of California
California
at San Diego. On July 30 , the expedition crossed the San Gabriel River and continued north toward what is now the city of Los Angeles. To cross the river, the expedition built a rough bridge, which gave the name La Puente to today's San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
city, and hills to the south are called the Puente Hills . A few years later, a mission was established near the river crossing. Mission San Gabriel Arcángel circa 1900. The trail in the foreground is part of the original El Camino Real .

Mission San Gabriel Arcangel
Mission San Gabriel Arcangel
was founded by Franciscan
Franciscan
Father Junipero Serra , first head of the Spanish missions in California
California
, on September 8, 1771. Its original location was near where San Gabriel Boulevard now crosses the Rio Hondo, which is also near the present day Juan Matias Sanchez Adobe. Angel Somera and Pedro Cambon were the first missionary priests at the new mission, which marked the beginning of the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
region's settlement by Spaniards. The San Gabriel mission was the third of twenty-one missions that would ultimately be established along California's El Camino Real .

The San Gabriel mission did well in establishing cattle ranching and farming, but six years after its founding a destructive flood led the mission fathers to relocate the establishment to its current location farther north in present-day city of San Gabriel . The original mission site is now marked by a California
California
Historical Landmark .

During the early years of the mission, the region operated under a Rancho system. The lands which now compose the city of Montebello were originally parts of Rancho San Antonio , Rancho La Merced , and Rancho Paso de Bartolo . The Juan Matias Sanchez Adobe, built in 1844, remains standing at the center of old Rancho La Merced in Eastern Montebello in the La Merced area. Recently restored, it is the city's oldest structure.

Mission San Gabriel Arcángel
Mission San Gabriel Arcángel
served a central role in Spanish colonial society, with many of the area's first Mexican settlers being baptized at the mission, including Pio Pico
Pio Pico
, who was born and baptized at the mission in 1801. He became governor of California twice, in 1832 and in 1845 and the city of Pico Rivera was named honoring him as the last Mexican governor of California.

The Battle of Rio San Gabriel took place in Montebello on January 8, 1847 on the banks of the Rio Hondo. This battle gave the control of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and Alta California
California
to the United States, and was a decisive battle in the Mexican-American war
Mexican-American war
. Two days later, after several battle losses and defeats, Mexico
Mexico
was forced to cede Alta California
California
to the United States
United States
. By 1852, after American occupation, San Gabriel became one of the first townships in the County of Los Angeles. Today the battle site is California
California
State Historical Landmark #385, and there are two old cannons and a plaque commemorating the battle overlooking the river on Bluff Rd. and Washington Blvd.

In 1853, with a contingent of Army Engineers passing through searching for the best route to build a railroad, Geologist William P. Blake observed that the once-extensive vineyards were falling to decay, with fences broken down and animals roaming freely through it. But the bells were ringing, and the church was in use. Prophetically, he wrote, "I believe that when the adaptation of that portion of California
California
to the culture of the grape and the manufacture of wine becomes known and appreciated, the state will become celebrated not only for its gold and grain, but for it fruits and wines.

Following the American Civil War, some 5,000 acres (20 km2) of the East Los Angeles
Los Angeles
region were owned by an Italian settler from Genoa, Alessandro Repetto. After Repetto's death in 1885, his brother sold his rancho to a consortium of five Los Angeles
Los Angeles
businessmen including banker Isaias Hellman and wholesale grocer/historian Harris Newmark for $60,000, about $12 an acre.

Chinese, Japanese, Filipino, and South Asian pioneers and settlers first came to the San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
in the mid-19th century. These pioneers worked the fields, picked the grapes and citrus fruit, and built part the infrastructure of today’s San Gabriel Valley. In the 1920s Japanese immigrants arrived in Monterey Park to work as farmhands.

The discovery of oil by Standard Oil Company
Standard Oil Company
in the Montebello hills, in 1917, brought about a revolutionary change to the locality. The agricultural hills soon became a major contributor to oil production. By 1920, its oil fields were producing one-eighth of California's crude oil. For several decades, the hills were dotted with active oil wells.

The cities of Whittier, Covina and Pasadena were formerly the sites of the citrus industry. In addition, the oil, dairy and cattle industries used to flourish in the southern region of the SGV. Many equestrian trails in the San Gabriel Valley—specifically, in Covina and Walnut—have disappeared or fallen into disuse. The remaining rural countryside-like areas include the area between eastern West Covina and Cal Poly Pomona and in Walnut and Diamond Bar and La Puente.

TIMELINE

Japanese-American
Japanese-American
woman held at Santa Anita Park during World War II , with the statue of Seabiscuit, 1942

* 1769: First Europeans pass through in the Spanish Portola Expedition . * 1771: Mission San Gabriel established. The entire valley eventually becomes mission-controlled ranch and agricultural land. Native tribes are absorbed into the mission system. * 1774: First Europeans reach the valley from the east, an expedition led by Juan Bautista de Anza
Juan Bautista de Anza
. * 1834: With the secularization of the missions , former mission lands are divided into large land grants called ranchos . * 1886: Los Angeles and San Gabriel Valley Railroad opens. * 1890: The first Tournament of Roses Parade is presented in Pasadena. * 1914: Erection of the first two tents which were the first building blocks of today’s City of Hope National Medical Center * 1920: The California
California
Institute of Technology or Caltech
Caltech
opens in Pasadena (previously Throop College of Technology, est. 1891). * 1941: The first freeway in the United States, Arroyo Seco Parkway (now part of California
California
110, north of downtown Los Angeles), opens. * 1942–1944 Japanese American
Japanese American
citizens were sent to a Japanese internment camp at Santa Anita Park during World War II
World War II
, with up to 17,000 people living in horse stables. * 1940s1950s: San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
changes from acres of farmland to suburban bedroom community . * 1957: San Bernardino Freeway (Interstate 10) opens. * Late 1960s: Chicano Movement protests by local Mexican Americans in El Monte. * 1970s–1980s: Taiwanese immigrants began settling in Monterey Park and its neighborhoods. * 1980s–present Chinese and Hong Kong
Hong Kong
immigrants began to settle in Alhambra, Arcadia, El Monte, Monterey Park, Rosemead, and San Gabriel.

DEMOGRAPHICS AND ETHNIC DIVERSITY

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The total population of the San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
in the 2000 Census was 1,510,378 people, of which 1,425,596 were living in the 30 incorporated cities. Estimates for the 2010 census put the population at over 2 million.

The average size of a household in the San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
according to the 2000 Census was 3.28 persons compared with 2.98 persons for Los Angeles County as a whole. Eight cities in the Valley have average household sizes of over 4 persons, while an unincorporated area, the South San Jose Hills , was at a significant 5.07 persons per household. (Most addresses do not use South San Jose Hills as the city but use La Puente, West Covina, or Valinda.) At the other end of this scale is Sierra Madre at 2.20 persons per household.

The age distribution in the San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
was a little unusual when compared with the County. A larger share of the population was aged 10–19, 15.5% versus 14.8% for the County. Also, the Valley had a higher share of people over 45 years of age. The income ranges in the San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
area are also quite wide. The highest median household income was found in San Marino ($117,267), followed by La Cañada Flintridge ($109,989), and Bradbury ($100,454). At the other end of the scale was El Monte with a median household income of $32,439. Four other cities in the Valley had household incomes of less than $40,000.

Significant percentages of all major ethnic groups reside in San Gabriel Valley communities, and the area is in general one of the most ethnically diverse regions in the country. The majority of people residing in the San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
are Hispanics
Hispanics
and Asian Americans
Asian Americans
. The communities of Glendora, La Verne, Claremont, Monrovia, San Marino, Sierra Madre, Pasadena, South Pasadena, and San Dimas have a significant Caucasian population. This area has also known to be very affluent.

The African American
African American
population in the San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
is relatively low. However, there are sizable, long-established African American communities in the western Altadena area and in northwest Pasadena, as well as in Monrovia.

Montebello is home to the oldest Armenian Community in Los Angeles County and home to previously, the only Armenian Cathedral
Cathedral
in California, Holy Cross Armenian Apostolic Cathedral
Cathedral
until the Saint Leon Cathedral
Cathedral
was built in Burbank in 2012 . The Armenian Martyrs Monument at Bicknell Park commemorating the victims of the Armenian Genocide by the Ottoman Turks is the largest monument of the genocide found on public property in the world. The Armenian community of Pasadena has its roots in the 1890s. The Pashgian Bros. Oriental Rugs and Fine Carpets was established in 1889.

Hispanics, predominately Mexican Americans , are concentrated in Azusa, Alhambra, Baldwin Park, City of Industry, El Monte, La Puente, Montebello, Rosemead, San Gabriel, South El Monte, West Covina, Covina, Pomona, and Whittier, with significant populations in Pasadena and South Pasadena.

The San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
has the largest concentration of Asian American communities in the United States
United States
. Eight of the ten cities in the United States
United States
with the largest proportion of Chinese Americans are located in the San Gabriel Valley. The cities of Monterey Park, Walnut, Alhambra, San Gabriel, San Marino, Rowland Heights, Hacienda Heights, Diamond Bar, and Arcadia contain an Asian American
Asian American
majority. This region is a very affluent region of the San Gabriel Valley. "New" Chinatowns have been established in many cities in the San Gabriel Valley.

The Gabrieleno/Tongva of San Gabriel are headquartered in San Gabriel. A small Native American population is also located in Arcadia, Rowland Heights, Walnut, and Diamond Bar. Despite the European influx they remained an integral part of the Southern California
California
community, and continue to in the present day.

There are many Filipino Americans , residing in West Covina and Walnut. Vietnamese Americans tend to be concentrated in San Gabriel, Rosemead, and El Monte. Many Korean Americans live in Hacienda Heights, Rowland Heights, and Diamond Bar. A longstanding Japanese American community exists in Monterey Park.

ASIAN AMERICAN INFLUX

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Main article: Chinese enclaves in the San Gabriel Valley
Chinese enclaves in the San Gabriel Valley

Early Chinese pioneers settled into the Valley mostly as laborers. They packed oranges, picked walnuts, did construction, owned or worked in laundries, and worked as cooks and servants in the homes of the wealthy. Mostly a bachelor society, the early Chinese did not leave many descendants. By the late 1880s, there was a growing Japanese pioneer population. Filipinos and Asian Indians also served as laborers in the Valley.

Almost a century later, in the wake of the San Gabriel Valley's burgeoning population of Asian Americans, they have become a dominant cultural force. Several business districts were developed to serve their needs creating a collection of Southern California
California
Chinatowns loosely connected along the Valley Boulevard Corridor. This trend began in the city of Monterey Park during the late 1970s when many well-to-do Taiwanese professionals, began settling in the area. Initially, many Chinese restaurateurs and business owners at the time used primarily Traditional Chinese
Traditional Chinese
script and not English names on their business signs. This changed in 1986, when the city council of Monterey Park enacted an ordinance requiring the all businesses to translate their business signs and describe the nature of their businesses in English, deemed a matter of public safety.

Monterey Park is a microcosm of changing demographics, highlighting Asian American
Asian American
history and evolution in the San Gabriel Valley. Rosemead has a smaller group of Vietnamese and Chinese business districts. There are also small pockets of Chinese American businesses that are scattered throughout San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
cities. In Rowland Heights , a handful of Korean American
Korean American
strip malls co-exist with Chinese American businesses. Another ethnic enclave is the Filipino American business district of Little Manila, in West Covina along with an Asian indoor and outdoor shopping center. Small Chinatowns have sprung up in many cities throughout the valley.

LOCAL INTEREST

The San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
is home to the annual Tournament of Roses Parade , which is broadcast live on television on New Year\'s Day from Pasadena. After the parade, the Rose Bowl game between two rival college football teams is also televised live. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory complex in Pasadena . Courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech.

As the oldest incorporated community in the valley, the City of Pasadena serves as a cultural center for the San Gabriel Valley. Several art-house film and play theatres are located in Pasadena, including the Pasadena Playhouse . In addition, the local news/talk National Public Radio
National Public Radio
station KPCC 89.3 FM broadcasts from Pasadena City College , although it is operated by Minnesota Public Radio .

Old Town Pasadena
Old Town Pasadena
, which has been restored and rejuvenated, remains highly popular. Old Town has an active nightlife, a shopping mall , boutiques, outdoor cafés, nightclubs , comedy clubs , and varied restaurants. Other communities hope to emulate its successes through commercial redevelopment and reviving their own downtown areas or "Main Streets ".

The city of Azusa has attempted to encourage redevelopment of its once-dilapidated downtown section by using a Route 66 theme. Covina has had moderate success with its nostalgic Downtown Covina, with emphasis placed on a small-town America atmosphere and mom-and-pop merchants rather than big-box retail chains; Monrovia has also embraced this theme for their "Old Town." Alhambra has also worked to renovate its downtown along Main St. San Gabriel Mission is the center of Historical Culture in SGV.

The California
California
Institute of Technology is located in Pasadena. The university is ranked in the top 10 universities worldwide by metrics such as citation index, Nobel Prizes, and general university rankings. Caltech
Caltech
is also responsible for the well-known Jet Propulsion Laboratory , which designs and engineers many of NASA
NASA
's spacecraft.

The city of Baldwin Park is the birthplace of the popular hamburger fast food chain In-N-Out Burger . Its first location opened in the city in 1948.

Huy Fong\'s Sriracha sauce , the ubiquitous Sriracha sauce found at Vietnamese restaurants across the western world, manufactures and is headquartered in Irwindale .

Naked Juice , now a division of PepsiCo
PepsiCo
, is headquartered in Monrovia

Panda Express
Panda Express
was launched as a fast food version of the Panda Inn restaurant in Pasadena in 1983. The company's headquarters are in Rosemead

Trader Joe\'s opened its first location in Pasadena in 1967. The company's headquarters are in Monrovia .

POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT

Most cities have their own local mayor, city council, police and fire departments. Unincorporated areas such as Hacienda Heights and Rowland Heights are governed by the Los Angeles County
Los Angeles County
Board of Supervisors , and the Los Angeles County
Los Angeles County
Sheriff\'s Department has jurisdiction in these areas.

In many unincorporated areas, advisory town councils guide the decisions, made by a supervisor or city manager. Often these groups began as collaborations of local homeowners' associations. The Hacienda Heights Improvement Association, Rowland Heights Coordinating Council, and Altadena Town Council are examples of advisory bodies that are officially sanctioned by the county supervisor representing that community.

In 2003, voters in the unincorporated community of Hacienda Heights defeated a proposal to incorporate as a city. It remains an unincorporated district governed by the Los Angeles County
Los Angeles County
Board of Supervisors rather than by a locally elected mayor and city council .

TRANSPORTATION

Foothill Freeway (I-210) as seen from the Metro Gold Line Sierra Madre Villa Station Gold Line Memorial Park Station.

Foothill Transit
Foothill Transit
and the Los Angeles County
Los Angeles County
Metropolitan Transportation Authority provide bus transit services throughout the valley. El Monte Station , a large regional bus station, provides transportation to Union Station in downtown Los Angeles
Los Angeles
via the El Monte Busway , an 11-mile (18 km) shared-use bus corridor (transitway). The Metrolink San Bernardino Line commuter train runs westward to Downtown Los Angeles
Downtown Los Angeles
and eastward to San Bernardino through the valley.

On March 5, 2016 the Los Angeles County
Los Angeles County
Metropolitan Transportation Authority opened the Metro Gold Line foothill extension, expanding the current light rail service that previously traveled from East LA to Pasadena through Downtown LA to a new Northern terminus in Azusa.

Several cities provide their own in-city transportation shuttles. Cities known to provide such service are:

* Alhambra * Arcadia * Baldwin Park * Duarte * Glendora * La Puente * Monrovia * Montebello * Monterey Park * Pasadena * Temple City * West Covina

The San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
is served by several major freeways:

* the Foothill Freeway ( Interstate 210 (California) and State Route 210 ) * the Ventura Freeway (State Route 134 ) * the San Bernardino Freeway (Interstate 10 ) * the Pomona Freeway (State Route 60 ) * the Pasadena Freeway (State Route 110 ) * the Long Beach Freeway (Interstate 710 ) * the San Gabriel River Freeway (Interstate 605 ) * the Orange Freeway (State Route 57 )

I-710 ends abruptly at the western border of Alhambra, near California
California
State University, Los Angeles
Los Angeles
. A small noncontiguous and mostly unsigned spur of I-710 starts again at California
California
Boulevard in Pasadena and ends at the junction of I-210 and SR 134. Since the late 1950s, the plan to connect the two portions of I-710 (formerly SR 7) has generated a long, contentious debate, as well as prolonged litigation. Many residents in South Pasadena fear losing their homes, some of them historically precious Craftsman, and businesses to clear the way for construction. The MTA and Caltrans
Caltrans
, an ardent proponent of the extension, has recently proposed the idea of constructing an underground tunnel to complete the so-called "710 gap." Because the entire valley suffers from severe traffic congestion , the I-710 completion plan is a major issue in the politics of all valley cities, and political candidates at all levels of government routinely assert positions on the issue.

At the end of the San Gabriel Valley, the eastern freeway segment of SR 210 (formerly designated SR 30 and still signed as such in some places in San Bernardino County) between SR 57 and I-15 had been a source of similar contention in the bordering community of La Verne , but was finally constructed and added to the Foothill Freeway in 2002.

State Route 39 leads north into the San Gabriel Mountains
San Gabriel Mountains
to the Crystal Lake Recreation Area . The portion connecting the recreation area to the Angeles Crest Highway (State Route 2 ) has been closed to the public since the early 1970s due to massive damage and rockslides.

General aviation
General aviation
is served by El Monte Airport (EMT) in El Monte, and Brackett Field (POC) in Pomona.

LOCAL MEDIA

NEWSPAPERS AND ONLINE MEDIA

See also Los Angeles Times suburban sections

The local daily English-language newspapers are The Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times , which includes a real estate and automotive advertising section for the San Gabriel Valley/Inland Empire, the San Gabriel Valley Tribune , and the Pasadena Star-News , which operates from its Monrovia office. The Pasadena Star-News covers the Pasadena area and the Tribune covers the central and eastern San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
communities. Business news is covered by the San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
Business Journal.

Other San Gabriel Valley-wide publications include the weekly Mountain Views News and the San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
Examiner thar serve the foothill communities, the Mid Valley News which serves the central San Gabriel Valley, and the Beacon Media weekly newspaper chain, whose weekly newspapers cover several San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
cities. The South Pasadena Review serves South Pasadena and the San Marino Tribune serves San Marino. Additionally, the cities of Alhambra, Glendora, Azusa, San Dimas and La Verne have monthly community newspapers that are published on the first Friday of every month. These papers include Around Alhambra, Glendora Community News, Azusa Community News, San Dimas Community News and the La Verne Community News, all ddistributed directly to each mailing address. The Alhambra Source is a USC Annenberg-backed community news site founded in 2010. The site is based on research into local information need, and includes a multilingual cadre of volunteer and young adult contributors. It is published online every weekday and includes select content in Spanish and Chinese as well as English. In the eastern part of the valley, Claremont has its own community newspaper called the Claremont Courier .

Several large newspaper publishing companies serve the large Chinese-speaking readership in the Greater Los Angeles Area
Greater Los Angeles Area
; a number of them are based in the San Gabriel Valley. The national daily Chinese-language newspapers Chinese Daily News ( Los Angeles
Los Angeles
edition of the World Journal newspaper) and International Daily News are both printed in Monterey Park. The Los Angeles
Los Angeles
edition of the Hong Kong-based Sing Tao is printed in Alhambra and the newspaper is specifically tailored to the Cantonese-speaking readership. The Epoch Times (大纪元) is based in New York City
New York City
and has its Los Angeles office in San Gabriel. These newspapers are circulated and distributed throughout Chinese American communities in the San Gabriel Valley, Chinatown , San Diego
San Diego
, and in Las Vegas, Nevada
Las Vegas, Nevada
(where the latter two cities generally receive the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
editions due to a relatively lower population density of Chinese-speaking Americans).

FILMING LOCATIONS

Several blockbuster Hollywood films have been filmed on location in the San Gabriel Valley. Chantry Flats above Arcadia is featured as the landing site of aliens in the original film "War of the Worlds". South Pasadena and Alhambra served as the gloomy backgrounds of a fictional Illinois
Illinois
town of Haddonfield in John Carpenter
John Carpenter
's 1978 horror film Halloween . Some areas of Pasadena and South Pasadena have a distinctly Midwestern look. Pasadena's distinctive domed City Hall has doubled as a courthouse or capitol building in countless television commercials and movies, and its South Lake shopping district filled in for Rodeo Drive in Beverly Hills Ninja . Pasadena City Hall
Pasadena City Hall

The city of San Marino has taken acted as a backdrop for a number of films and television shows. Major studio motion pictures filmed in San Marino include Mr. & Mrs, Smith , Disturbia , Enough , Monster-in-Law , Memoirs of a Geisha , Frailty , Men in Black II , The Hot Chick , One Hour Photo
One Hour Photo
, Anger Management , The Wedding Planner , Starsky The 90s television show Roswell filmed in Covina, most noticeably the downtown area. Most recently, the former location of a now closed IKEA in the City of Industry was used to film scenes in the movie Mr. ">Coordinates : 34°06′07″N 118°06′10″W / 34.10194°N 118.10278°W / 34.10194; -118.10278 CSI: Miami , Hell\'s Kitchen , Attack of the Show!
Attack of the Show!
, Freaks And Geeks , and more.

CLIMATE

Like much of the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
region, the San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
enjoys a warm, sunny, and Mediterranean-like climate year-round. Rain is sporadic. Due to the Eastern San Gabriel Valley, (East of State Route 57) being more inland, the area is subject to hotter summers and colder winters. Light snow is extremely rare in the Valley but can often be viewed on the nearby San Gabriel Mountains
San Gabriel Mountains
.

CLIMATE DATA FOR BALDWIN PARK, CALIFORNIA: ONE OF THE CITIES IN THE SAN GABRIEL VALLEY

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

AVERAGE HIGH °F (°C) 70 (21) 71 (22) 72 (22) 77 (25) 79 (26) 84 (29) 89 (32) 90 (32) 88 (31) 83 (28) 76 (24) 71 (22) 75 (24)

AVERAGE LOW °F (°C) 43 (6) 45 (7) 47 (8) 50 (10) 55 (13) 59 (15) 62 (17) 63 (17) 61 (16) 55 (13) 46 (8) 42 (6) 50 (10)

Source: weather.com

INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER LEARNING

"The San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
is home to leading educational institutions including the California
California
Institute of Technology (Caltech) and California
California
State Polytechnic University, Pomona (Cal Poly)."

* Alliant International University , private (for-profit ) - Alhambra * Art Center College of Design
Art Center College of Design
, private, nonprofit - Pasadena * Azusa Pacific University
Azusa Pacific University
(APU), private university - Azusa * California
California
Institute of Advanced Management (CIAM), private, not-for-profit graduate school located in EL Monte * California
California
Institute of Technology (Caltech), private university - Pasadena * California
California
State Polytechnic University, Pomona (Cal Poly Pomona), public university - Pomona * California
California
State University, Los Angeles
Los Angeles
, public university - Los Angeles * Irell & Manella Graduate School of Biological Sciences , private, not-for-profit graduate school located at the City of Hope in Duarte * Claremont Graduate University , private graduate university - Claremont * Claremont McKenna College , private college - Claremont * Citrus College , community college - Glendora * Digital Business "> Hsi Lai Temple in Hacienda Heights , second largest Buddhist
Buddhist
temple and monastery in the Western hemisphere
Western hemisphere
.

* Descanso Gardens - La Cañada Flintridge * Galster Wilderness Park - West Covina * Devil\'s Gate Reservoir - Pasadena * Downtown Covina - Covina * Frank G. Bonelli Regional County Park , man-made park - San Dimas * Pomona Fox Theater - Pomona * Westfield Santa Anita - Arcadia (largest mall in San Gabriel Valley) * Homestead Museum , site of Pío Pico's burial - City of Industry * Hsi Lai Temple - Hacienda Heights * Huntington Library
Huntington Library
and Botanical Gardens - San Marino * Fairplex , annual Los Angeles County
Los Angeles County
Fair - Pomona * Auto Club Raceway at Pomona - Pomona * Toyota Speedway at Irwindale - Irwindale * Los Angeles County
Los Angeles County
Arboretum and Botanic Garden - Arcadia * Mission San Gabriel Arcángel
Mission San Gabriel Arcángel
- San Gabriel * Montclair Plaza (Mall that serves the Eastern San Gabriel Valley) - Montclair * Norton Simon Museum
Norton Simon Museum
- Pasadena * Old Town Pasadena
Old Town Pasadena
- Pasadena * Pio Pico
Pio Pico
State Historic Park - Whittier * Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden - Claremont * Raging Waters - San Dimas * Rose Bowl - Pasadena * Santa Anita Park , horse racing - Arcadia * Santa Fe Dam Recreation Area - Irwindale * Vroman\'s Bookstore , oldest independent bookstore - Pasadena * The Ice House , Pasadena comedy club * Rose Hills Memorial Park , Whittier * Pio Pico
Pio Pico
House , Whittier

COMPANY HEADQUARTERS

* Avery Dennison Corporation (packaging products) - Pasadena * Community Bank - Pasadena * East West Bank (large Chinese American bank) - Pasadena * Edison International (large energy provider) - Rosemead * Huy Fong Foods (leader in Asian hot sauce) - Irwindale * OneWest Bank - Pasadena * Viewsonic
Viewsonic
(computer monitors) - Walnut * Panda Restaurant Group (Largest Chinese Restaurant chain) - Rosemead * Trader Joe\'s (food market) - Monrovia * Parsons Corporation (engineering group)- Pasadena * Western Asset (investment firm) - Pasadena

AREA CODES

Most of the San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
lies within the 626 area code. Montebello, Whittier, and portions of its valley neighbors are in the 323 and 562 area codes. Some of northwestern Pasadena is also serviced by the 818 area code. Most of the communities in the Eastern San Gabriel Valley which lie east of State Route 57 are located in the 909 area code.

SEE ALSO

* Category: San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
* Greater Los Angeles Area
Greater Los Angeles Area
* Pomona Valley
Pomona Valley
* San Gabriel Mountains
San Gabriel Mountains
Regional Conservancy

REFERENCES

* ^ "San Gabriel Valley". Geographic Names Information System
Geographic Names Information System
. United States
United States
Geological Survey . * ^ "San Rafael Hills". Geographic Names Information System
Geographic Names Information System
. United States
United States
Geological Survey . * ^ "Puente Hills". Geographic Names Information System
Geographic Names Information System
. United States Geological Survey . * ^ "Visit San Gabriel Valley.com". Visit San Gabriel Valley.com. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ A B C D E "SGV". Sgvcog.org. 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ "Volunteer Center of San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
- powered by 1-800-Volunteer.org". 1800volunteer.org. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ A B C D E "Gabrieleno/Tongva of San Gabriel". Tongva.com. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ "Pasadena, California
California
- A Village Inside a City". Legendsofamerica.com. 2006-11-16. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ "The Tongva". Cogweb.ucla.edu. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ Juan Matias Sanchez Adobe * ^ "History". City of Montebello. 1920-10-19. Retrieved 2010-08-03. * ^ "Los Angeles". California
California
Historical Landmakrs. California Department of Parks & Recreation Office of Historic Preservation. 2004. Retrieved 2007-07-30. * ^ A B C "History". City of Montebello. 1920-10-19. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ *Bauer, K. Jack (1974). The Mexican War, 1846–1848. New York: Macmillan. ISBN 0-8032-6107-1 . * ^ "Past on Parade: What was the San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
like in 1853?". Pasadena Star-News. 2010-03-09. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ A B Ling, Susie. "History of Asians in the San Gabriel Valley". Imdiversity.com. Retrieved 2014-05-26. * ^ "SGV". Sgvcog.org. 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ A B "SGV". Sgvcog.org. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ San Gabriel Valley, Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County, California
California
– 2006 Economic Overview Segall, Jordan (August 24, 2012). "The Rise of the Majority-Asian Suburb". CityLab . Retrieved 23 August 2016. * ^ A B "SGV". Sgvcog.org. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ Cheng, Wendy (August 4, 2014). "A Brief History (and Geography) of the San Gabriel Valley". East of East. KCET
KCET
. Retrieved 14 February 2016. * ^ "Armenian". Cathedrals of California. Archived from the original on 2010-04-24. Retrieved 2010-08-03. * ^ "Monument at Bicknell Park in Montebello, California". Armenian-genocide.org. 1965-04-24. Retrieved 2010-08-03. * ^ A B "Chinese Ethnic Economy: San Gabriel Valley, Los Angeles County". Journal of Urban Affairs. 16: 169–189. 2008-06-28. doi :10.1111/j.1467-9906.1994.tb00324.x . Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ "Demographic Research Using Data & Research To Inform Community Work". Demographics.apalc.org. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ Jennifer Medina (28 April 2013). "New Suburban Dream Born of Asia and Southern California". New York Times. Retrieved 30 April 2013. * ^ Rose Bowl Game ~ Tournament of Roses Archived March 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ "Niet compatibele browser". Facebook. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ Pasadena Playhouse Archived September 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "Home 89.3 KPCC". Scpr.org. 2011-10-27. Retrieved 2011-11-13.

* ^ "The Real Downtown". Old Pasadena. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ "Old Town Monrovia Home". Oldtownmonroviaca.com. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ "Dining". Downtown Alhambra. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ " California
California
Institute of Technology". Caltech.edu. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ " In-N-Out Burger". In-n-out.com. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ Shyong, Frank (April 12, 2013). "Sriracha hot sauce purveyor turns up the heat". Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
. Retrieved 2016-06-15. * ^ Nelson, Laura J. (March 5, 2016). "Metro Gold Line extension tests San Gabriel Valley\'s support for transit". Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
. Retrieved 6 March 2016. * ^ "Alhambra". Cityofalhambra.org. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ "City of Arcadia, CA - Arcadia Transit". Ci.arcadia.ca.us. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ "Baldwin Park". Baldwin Park. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ "City of Duarte, CA - Duarte Transit". AccessDuarte.com. Retrieved 2016-04-12. * ^ "City of Glendora, CA - Glendora Transit". ci.glendora.ca.us. Retrieved 2016-04-12. * ^ "La Puente". La Puente. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ "Transportation". Ci.monrovia.ca.us. 2011-07-14. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ "Montebello". Cityofmontebello.com. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ "Monterey Park". Ci.monterey-park.ca.us. 2011-01-07. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ "City of Pasadena, CA - Pasadena Transit". ww5.cityofpasadena.net. Retrieved 2016-04-12. * ^ "City of Temple City". Ci.temple-city.ca.us. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ "West Covina". West Covina. 2009-08-17. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ "Crystal Lake Forest Health Project". Fs.fed.us. 2003-02-05. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ http://www.alhambrasource.org * ^ "Speed Zone". Speed Zone. Retrieved 2011-11-13. * ^ "WeatherAverages: Weather for Baldwin Park, California, United States of America". Retrieved June 19, 2007. * ^ http://www.chooselacounty.com/laregions/sangabriel.html

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for SAN GABRIEL

.