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Coordinates: 13°53′N 60°58′W / 13.883°N 60.967°W / 13.883; -60.967

Saint Lucia

Flag

Coat of arms

Motto: "The Land, The People, The Light"

Anthem: Sons and Daughters of Saint Lucia

Location of  Saint Lucia  (circled in red) in the Caribbean  (light yellow)

Capital and largest city Castries 14°1′N 60°59′W / 14.017°N 60.983°W / 14.017; -60.983

Official languages English

Vernacular languages Saint Lucian Creole French[1]

Ethnic groups (2010[2])

85.3% Black (African) 10.9% Mixed 2.2% Indian 1.6% other 0.1% unspecified

Demonym Saint Lucian

Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy

• Monarch

Elizabeth II

• Governor-General

Neville Cenac

• Prime Minister

Allen Chastanet

Legislature Parliament

• Upper house

Senate

• Lower house

House of Assembly

Independence

• Associated State

1 March 1967

• from the United Kingdom

22 February 1979

Area

• Total

617 km2 (238 sq mi) (178th)

• Water (%)

1.6

Population

• 2016 estimate

178,015[3]

• 2010 census

165,595

• Density

300/km2 (777.0/sq mi)

GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate

• Total

$2.110 billion[4]

• Per capita

$12,022[4]

GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate

• Total

$1.428 billion[4]

• Per capita

$8,135[4]

HDI (2014)  0.729[5] high · 89th

Currency East Caribbean
Caribbean
dollar (XCD)

Time zone (UTC−4)

Drives on the left

Calling code +1 758

ISO 3166 code LC

Internet TLD .lc

Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
(/seɪnt ˈluːʃə/ ( listen); French: Sainte-Lucie) is a sovereign island country in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean.[6] Part of the Lesser Antilles, it is located north/northeast of the island of Saint Vincent, northwest of Barbados
Barbados
and south of Martinique. It covers a land area of 617 km2 (238.23 sq mi) and reported a population of 165,595 in the 2010 census.[7] Its capital is Castries. The French were the island's first European settlers. They signed a treaty with the native Carib Indians in 1660. England took control of the island from 1663 to 1667. In ensuing years, it was at war with France
France
fourteen times, and rule of the island changed frequently (it was ruled seven times each by the French and British). In 1814, the British took definitive control of the island. Because it switched so often between British and French control, Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
was also known as the "Helen of the West Indies". Representative government came about in 1840 (with universal suffrage from 1953). From 1958 to 1962, the island was a member of the Federation of the West Indies. On 22 February 1979, Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
became an independent state and a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.[6] Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
is a mixed jurisdiction,[8] meaning that it has a legal system based in part on both the civil law and English common law. The Civil Code of St. Lucia of 1867 was based on the Quebec
Quebec
Civil Code of 1866, as supplemented by English common law-style legislation. It is also a member of La Francophonie.[9]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 French colony 2.2 18th and 19th century 2.3 20th century

3 Geography

3.1 Climate

4 Geology 5 Government

5.1 Foreign relations 5.2 Organisation of American States (OAS) 5.3 Agreements which impact on financial relationships

5.3.1 The Double Taxation Relief (CARICOM) Treaty 1994 5.3.2 FATCA

5.4 Military 5.5 Administrative divisions

6 Economy

6.1 Tourism

7 Demographics

7.1 Ethnic groups 7.2 Languages 7.3 Religion 7.4 Health 7.5 Crime

8 Culture

8.1 Festivals 8.2 Sport 8.3 Music and dance 8.4 Education 8.5 Cuisine

9 Gallery 10 See also 11 References

11.1 Citations 11.2 Sources

12 External links

Etymology[edit] One of the Windward Islands, Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
was named after Saint Lucy
Saint Lucy
of Syracuse by the French, who were the island's first European settlers. It is the only country in the world named after a woman.[10] Legend states French sailors were shipwrecked here on 13 December, thus naming the island in honor of Sainte Lucie.[11] History[edit] Main article: History of Saint Lucia In the late 1550s, the French pirate François le Clerc (known as Jambe de Bois, due to his wooden leg) set up a camp on Pigeon Island, from where he attacked passing Spanish ships. In 1605, an English vessel called the Oliphe Blossome was blown off-course on its way to Guyana, and the 67 colonists started a settlement on Saint Lucia, after initially being welcomed by the Carib chief Anthonie. By 26 September 1605, only 19 survived, after continued attack by the Carib chief Augraumart, so they fled the island.[12] French colony[edit] In 1664, Thomas Warner (son of Sir Thomas Warner, the governor of St Kitts) claimed Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
for England. He brought 1,000 men to defend it from the French, but after two years, only 89 survived with the rest dying mostly due to disease. In 1666, the French West India Company resumed control of the island, which in 1674 was made an official French crown colony as a dependency of Martinique.[13] 18th and 19th century[edit] Both the British and the French found the island attractive after the sugar industry developed, and during the 18th century the island changed ownership or was declared neutral territory a dozen times, although the French settlements remained and the island was a de facto French colony well into the eighteenth century. In 1722, George I of Great Britain
George I of Great Britain
granted both Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
and Saint Vincent to The 2nd Duke of Montagu. He in turn appointed Nathaniel Uring, a merchant sea captain and adventurer, as deputy-governor. Uring went to the islands with a group of seven ships, and established settlement at Petit Carenage. Unable to get enough support from British warships, he and the new colonists were quickly run off by the French.[14] During the Seven Years' War, Britain occupied Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
for a year. Britain handed the island back to the French at the Treaty of Paris in 1763. Like the English and Dutch on other islands, the French began to develop the land for the cultivation of sugar cane as a commodity crop on large plantations in 1765. In January 1791, during the French Revolution, the National Assembly sent four commissaries to St. Lucia to spread the revolution philosophy. By August 1791, slaves began to abandon their estates and Governor de Gimat fled. In December 1792, Lt. Jean-Baptiste Raymond de Lacrosse arrived with revolutionary pamphlets, and the impoverished whites and free people of color began to arm themselves as patriots. On 1 February 1793, France
France
declared war on England and Holland, and General Nicolas Xavier de Ricard took over as Governor. The National Convention abolished enslavement on 4 February 1794, but St. Lucia fell to a British invasion led by Vice Admiral John Jervis on 1 April 1794. Morne Fortune
Morne Fortune
became Fort Charlotte. Soon, a patriot army of resistance, L'Armee Francaise dans les Bois, began to fight back. Thus started the First Brigand War.[12]:60–65 A short time later the British invaded the island as a part of the recently broken out war with France. On 21 February 1795 and a group of locals under the nominal control of Victor Hugues
Victor Hugues
defeated a battalion of British troops at Vieux Fort
Vieux Fort
and Rabot. In 1796, Castries was burned as part of the conflict. General John Moore retook Fort Charlotte in 1796 with the 27th Inniskilling Fusiliers after two days of bitter fighting. As an honour, the Fusiliers' regimental colour was displayed on the flagstaff of the captured fortress at Morne Fortune for an hour before being replaced by the Union Jack.[15] Moore would then participate in British efforts to repress the slave rebels until falling ill of yellow fever, upon which he returned to Britain before 1798. In 1803, the British regained control of the island. Many of the rebels escaped into the thick rainforest where they evaded capture and established maroon communities.[16] The slavery on the island was continued for a short time, but anti-slavery sentiment was rising in Britain. The British stopped the import of slaves by anyone, white or coloured, when they abolished the slave trade in 1807. France
France
and Great Britain continued to contest Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
until the British secured it in 1814, as part of the Treaty of Paris ending the Napoleonic Wars. Thereafter, Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
was considered part of the British Windward Islands
Windward Islands
colony. In 1836, the institution of slavery was abolished on the island and throughout the British Empire. After abolition, all former slaves had to serve a four-year "apprenticeship," to accustom them to the idea of freedom. During this period, they worked for their former masters for at least three-quarters of the work week. Full freedom was duly granted by the British in 1838. By that time, people of African ethnicity greatly outnumbered those of ethnic European background. Some people of Carib descent also comprised a minority on the island. Castries' harbour was protected by a system of 60 surrounding forts. Along the top of Morne Fortune
Morne Fortune
there are six military sites, building work by the French started in 1768, and the British completed the work by 1890. They include Fort Charlotte (Old Morne Fortress), the Apostle's Battery (1888-1890), The Powder Magazine built by the French in the 1750s, Provost's Redoubt
Redoubt
(1792) built as a lookout point, and the Combermere barracks.[17] The best preserved installation is a battery at La Toc Point, completed in 1888 it was not abandoned till 1905. This fort in particular was built by the British to repel any attack from the United States
United States
on the then valuable coaling harbour of Castries.[18] 20th century[edit] In the mid-twentieth century, Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
joined the West Indies Federation (1958 – 1962) when the colony was dissolved. In 1967, Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
became one of the six members of the West Indies Associated States, with internal self-government. In 1979, it gained full independence under Sir John Compton of the conservative United Workers party (UWP), who served as prime minister from 1982 to 1996, after which he was succeeded by Vaughan Lewis. Much of the scenery for the film Dr. Dolittle was shot here in 1967.[19] Water was shot here,[20] as were parts of Firepower. Dr. Kenny Davis Anthony of the Labour Party was prime minister from 1997 to 2006. In 2006, the UWP, again led by Compton, won control of parliament. In May 2007, after Compton suffered a series of small strokes, Finance and External Affairs Minister Stephenson King
Stephenson King
became acting prime minister and succeeded Compton as prime minister when the latter died in September 2007. In November 2011, Anthony was re-elected as prime minister for a third time. In the June 2016 elections the UWP assumed power again, under Prime Minister Allen Chastanet.[21] Geography[edit] Main article: Geography of Saint Lucia

A map of Saint Lucia.

The volcanic island of Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
is more mountainous than most Caribbean
Caribbean
islands, with the highest point being Mount Gimie, at 950 metres (3,120 feet) above sea level. Two other mountains, the Pitons, form the island's most famous landmark. They are located between Soufrière and Choiseul on the western side of the island. Saint Lucia is also one of the few islands in the world that contains a drive-in volcano. The capital city of Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
is Castries
Castries
(population 60,263) where 32.4% of the population lives. Major towns include Gros Islet, Soufrière, and Vieux Fort. Climate[edit] The local climate is tropical, moderated by northeast trade winds, with a dry season from 1 December to 31 May, and a wet season from 1 June to 30 November. Average daytime temperatures are around 29 °C (84.2 °F), and average nighttime temperatures are around 24 °C (75.2 °F). Since it is fairly close to the equator, the temperature does not fluctuate much between winter and summer. Average annual rainfall ranges from 1,300 mm (51.2 in) on the coast to 3,810 mm (150 in) in the mountain rainforests.

A view of Soufrière.

Geology[edit]

Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
geologic map, where Tmov denotes Miocene/Oligocene volcanic rocks, Tplv are Pliocene
Pliocene
calc-alkaline volcanic rocks, and Qv are Quaternary
Quaternary
volcanic edifices, flows, and pyroclastic deposits.

Topography of the Soufriere Volcanic
Volcanic
Complex

The geology of St. Lucia can be described as composing three main areas. The oldest, 16–18 Ma, volcanic rocks are exposed from Castries
Castries
northward and consist of eroded basalt and andesite centres. The middle, central highlands, portion of the island consists of dissected andesite centres, 10.4 to 1 Mya, while the lower southwest portion of the island contains recent activity from the Soufriere Volcanic
Volcanic
Centre (SVC). This SVC, centered about the Qualibou depression, contains pyroclastic flow deposits, lava flows, domes, block-and-ash-flow deposits, and explosion craters. This depression's perimeter includes the town of Soufriere, Mount Tabac, Mt. Gimie, Morne Bonin, and Gros Piton. At 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) in diameter, though the western portion is open towards the Grenada basin, the depression formed as recently as 100 kya. The depression is noted for its geothermal activity, especially at Sulphur Springs and Soufrière Estates, a phreatic eruption in 1776, and recent seismic activity (2000–2001).[22] Eroded
Eroded
andesitic stratovolcanoes to the north east of the depression include Mt. Gimie, Piton St Esprit, and Mt. Grand Magazin, all greater than 1 Ma in age. Andesitic and dacite pyroclastic flows from these volcanoes are found at Morne Tabac dome (532 ka), Morne Bonin dome (273 kya), and Bellevue (264 kya). Avalanche
Avalanche
deposits from the formation of the Qualibou
Qualibou
depression are found offshore, and in the massive blocks of Rabot, Pleisance, and Coubaril. The dacitic domes of Petit Piton
Petit Piton
(109 kya) and Gros Piton
Gros Piton
(71 kya) were then extruded onto the depression floor accompanied by the Anse John (104 kya) and La Pointe (59.8 kya) pyroclastic flows. Later, pyroclastic flows include pumice-rich Belfond and Anse Noir (20 kya). Finally, the dacitic domes of Terre Blanche (15.3 kya) and Belfond (13.6 kya) formed within the depression.[22] Government[edit] Main article: Politics of Saint Lucia Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
is a Commonwealth realm. Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
is the Head of State, represented on the island by a Governor-General. The prime minister[23] is normally the head of the party commanding the support of the majority of the members of the House of Assembly, which has 17 seats.[24] The other chamber of Parliament, the Senate, has eleven appointed members. Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
is a two-party parliamentary democracy. Three political parties participated in the 6 June 2016 General Election. Allen Chastanet of the United Workers Party won eleven of the seventeen seats.[25] Foreign relations[edit] Further information: Foreign relations of Saint Lucia Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
maintains friendly relations with the major powers active in the Caribbean, including the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, and France. Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
has no extant international disputes. Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
is a full and participating member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), Organisation of Eastern Caribbean
Caribbean
States (OECS), and La Francophonie. Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
is a Commonwealth Realm. Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
became the 152nd member of the United Nations
United Nations
on December 9, 1979.[26] As of January 2018, Cosmos Richardson, who presented his credentials on 22 February, 2017, was Saint Lucia’s representative to the United Nations.[27] Organisation of American States (OAS)[edit] The Charter of the OAS was signed in Bogota in 1948 and was amended by several protocols which were named after the city and the year in which the protocol was signed, such as Managua in 1993 forming part of the name of the protocol.[28] Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
entered the OAS system on 22 February, 1979.[29] Agreements which impact on financial relationships[edit] The Double Taxation Relief (CARICOM) Treaty 1994[edit] At a CARICOM Meeting, representative of St. Lucia, Mr. John Compton signed The Double Taxation Relief (CARICOM) Treaty 1994 on the 6 July 1994.[30] The representatives of seven CARICOM countries signed similar agreements at Sherbourne Conference Centre, St. Michael, Barbados.[30] The countries whose representatives signed the treaties in Barbados were: Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, Grenada, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Trinidad and Tobago.[30] This treaty covered taxes, residence, tax jurisdictions, capital gains, business profits, interest, dividends, royalties and other areas." FATCA[edit] On 30 June 2014, Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
signed a Model 1 agreement with the United States
United States
of America in relation to Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA).[31] As of 1 September 2016, the status of the agreement is listed as "in force". Preceding the 2014 FATCA agreement is one which was entered into on 30 January 1987 between the United States
United States
of America and Saint Lucia according to Paragraph 2 of the Model 1 agreement, the purpose of which was to exchange tax Information.[32] Military[edit] Further information: Military of Saint Lucia Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
has no regular military force. A Special
Special
Service Unit and the Coast Guard are both under the command of the Royal Saint Lucia Police.[33][34] Administrative divisions[edit] Main article: Quarters of Saint Lucia The districts of the island, established by the French colonial government and continued by the British, are:

Anse la Raye, 31.0 km² Canaries Castries, 79.5 km² Choiseul, 31.3 km² Dauphin Dennery, 69.7 km² Gros Islet Laborie, 37.8 km² Micoud, 77.7 km² Soufrière, 50.5 km² Vieux Fort, 43.8 km²

An additional area is the Forest Reserve Area Quarter (78.3 km²). Economy[edit] Main article: Economy of Saint Lucia

A proportional representation of St. Lucia's exports.

The United Nations
United Nations
categorizes Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
as a Small Island Developing State, a designation similar to a developing country with a few substantial differences due to Saint Lucia's island nature.[35][36] The country's gross domestic product in purchasing power parity was estimated at $2.384 U.S. dollars in 2017, ranking 194th among all countries. The services sector accounted for 82.8% of GDP, followed by industry and agriculture at 14.2% and 2.9%, respectively.[37] An educated workforce and improvements in roads, communications, water supply, sewerage, and port facilities have attracted foreign investment in tourism and in petroleum storage and transshipment. However, with the US, Canada, and Europe in recession, tourism declined by double digits in early 2009. The recent change in the European Union
European Union
import preference regime and the increased competition from Latin American bananas have made economic diversification increasingly important in Saint Lucia. Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
has been able to attract foreign business and investment, especially in its offshore banking and tourism industries, which is Saint Lucia's main source of revenue. The manufacturing sector is the most diverse in the Eastern Caribbean
Caribbean
area, and the government is trying to revitalise the banana industry. Despite negative growth in 2011, economic fundamentals remain solid, and GDP growth should recover in the future. Inflation has been relatively low, averaging 5.5 percent between 2006 and 2008. Saint Lucia's currency is the East Caribbean
Caribbean
Dollar (EC$), a regional currency shared among members of the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECU). The Eastern Caribbean
Caribbean
Central Bank (ECCL) issues the EC$, manages monetary policy, and regulates and supervises commercial banking activities in member countries. In 2003, the government began a comprehensive restructuring of the economy, including elimination of price controls and privatisation of the state banana company.[38] Tourism[edit] Main article: Tourism in Saint Lucia Tourism is vital to Saint Lucia's economy. Its economic importance is expected to continue to increase as the market for bananas becomes more competitive. Tourism tends to be more substantial during the dry season (January to April). Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
tends to be popular due to its tropical weather and scenery and its numerous beaches and resorts. Other tourist attractions include a drive-in volcano, Sulphur Springs (in Soufrière), the Botanical Gardens, the Majestic twin Peaks "The Pitons", a world heritage site, the rain forests, several options of boat trips, zip lining and Pigeon Island National Park, which is home to Fort Rodney, an old British military base. The majority of tourists visit Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
as part of a cruise. Most of their time tends to be spent in Castries, although Soufriere, Marigot Bay, Rodney Bay
Rodney Bay
and Gros Islet
Gros Islet
are popular locations to visit. The current Minister of Tourism is Dominic Fedee, he has been in his role since 2016.

A panorama of Marigot Bay

Gros Islet
Gros Islet
and Rodney Bay
Rodney Bay
as seen from Pigeon Island

Demographics[edit] Main article: Demographics of Saint Lucia

Rank Quarter Population

1 Castries 7004602630000000000♠60,263

2 Gros Islet 7004226470000000000♠22,647

3 Vieux Fort 7004146320000000000♠14,632

4 Micoud 7004144800000000000♠14,480

5 Dennery 7004118740000000000♠11,874

6 Soufrière 7003774700000000000♠7,747

7 Laborie 7003650700000000000♠6,507

8 Anse la Raye 7003603300000000000♠6,033

9 Choiseul 7003576600000000000♠5,766

10 Canaries 7003191500000000000♠1,915

Source:[39]

Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
reported a population of 165,595 in the 2010 national census.[7] In 2016, the United Nations
United Nations
Population Division estimated Saint Lucia's population at 178,015.[3] The country's population is evenly divided between urban and rural areas, with more than a third living in the capital, Castries. Despite a high emigration rate the population is growing rapidly at about 1.2% per year. Migration from Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
is primarily to Anglophone countries, with the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
having almost 10,000 Saint Lucian-born citizens, and over 30,000 of Saint Lucian heritage. The second most popular destination for Saint Lucian émigrés is the United States, where a combined (foreign and national-born Saint Lucians) almost 14,000 reside. Canada
Canada
is home to a few thousand Saint Lucians.[40] Ethnic groups[edit] Saint Lucia's population is predominantly of African and mixed African-European descent, with a small Indo- Caribbean
Caribbean
minority (3%). Members of other or unspecified ethnic groups, account for about 2% of the population. Languages[edit] The official language is English.[1][41] Saint Lucian Creole French (Kwéyòl), which is colloquially referred to as Patois ("Patwa"), is spoken by 95% of the population.[42] This Antillean Creole
Antillean Creole
is used in literature and music, and is gaining official acknowledgement.[42] As it developed during the early period of French colonisation, the creole is derived chiefly from French and West African languages, with some vocabulary from the Island Carib language
Island Carib language
and other sources. Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
is a member of La Francophonie.[43] Religion[edit]

Religion in Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
(2015)[44]    Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
(61.5%)    Protestant
Protestant
(25.5%)   None (5.9%)   Other christian (3.4%)   Evangelical Protestant
Protestant
(2.3%)   Rastafarian (1.9%)   Unspecified (1.4%)   Other (0.4%)

About 61.5% of the population is Roman Catholic, a legacy of French colonisation of the island. Another 25.5% belong to Protestant denominations, (includes Seventh Day Adventist 10.4%, Pentecostal 8.9%, Baptist 2.2%, Anglican 1.6%, Church of God 1.5%, other Protestant
Protestant
0.9%). Evangelicals
Evangelicals
comprise 2.3% of the population and 1.1% are Jehovah's Witnesses. In addition, about 1.9% of the population adheres to the Rastafari movement. Other religions include Islam, Bahá'í Faith, Judaism, and Buddhism. Health[edit] Public expenditure on health was at 3.3% of the GDP in 2004, whereas private expenditure was at 1.8%.[45] Health expenditure was at US$302 (PPP) per capita in 2004.[45] Infant mortality
Infant mortality
was at 12 per 100,000 births in 2005.[45] Crime[edit] Further information: Crime in Saint Lucia In 2017, Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
recorded 60 homicides, the highest in the country's history. Culture[edit]

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Main article: Culture of Saint Lucia

The Saint Lucia Jazz Festival
Saint Lucia Jazz Festival
in Castries.

The culture of Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
has been influenced by African, East Indian, French, and English heritage. One of the secondary languages is Saint Lucian French Creole or Kwéyòl, spoken by almost all of the population.[1][41] Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
boasts the second highest ratio of Nobel laureates produced with respect to the total population of any sovereign country in the world. Two winners have come from Saint Lucia: Sir Arthur Lewis won the Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Economics in 1979, and the poet Derek Walcott received the Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature in 1992. Festivals[edit] Saint Lucian cultural festivals include La Rose and La Marguerite, the first representing a native Saint Lucian fraternal society known as the Order of the Rose that is fashioned in the mould of Rosicrucianism, and the second representing its traditional rival, the native Saint Lucian equivalent of Freemasonry
Freemasonry
known as the Order of the Marguerite.[46] References to their origins as versions of pre-existing external secret societies can be seen in a mural painted by Dunstan St Omer, depicting the holy trinity of Osiris, Horus, and Isis. The biggest festival of the year is the Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
Jazz Festival. Held in early May at multiple venues throughout the island, it draws visitors and musicians from around the world. The grand finale or main stage is held at the Pigeon Island[47] which is located to the North of the Island. Traditionally in common with other Caribbean
Caribbean
countries, Saint Lucia held a carnival before Lent. In 1999, the government moved Carnival
Carnival
to mid-July to avoid competing with the much larger Trinidad and Tobago carnival and so as to attract more overseas visitors. In May 2009, Saint Lucians commemorated the 150th Anniversary of West Indian Heritage on the island. Sport[edit] Further information: Sport in Saint Lucia

Cricket is a popular sport in the country. Seen here is the Daren Sammy Cricket Ground which hosts international cricket matches for the West Indies.

Cricketer Daren Sammy.

The Windward Islands
Windward Islands
cricket team includes players from Saint Lucia and plays in the West Indies regional tournament. Daren Sammy
Daren Sammy
became the first Saint Lucian to represent the West Indies on his debut in 2007, and since 2010 has captained the side.[48] In an international career spanning 2003 to 2008, and including 41 ODIs and one Test, Nadine George MBE became the first woman to score a Test century for the team.[49] Sammy and George were recognised by the Saint Lucian government as Sportsman of the Year and Sportswoman of the Year respectively for 2004.[50] For sailing enthusiasts, the annual Atlantic Rally for Cruisers (ARC) race begins in the Canary Islands
Canary Islands
and ends in Saint Lucia. The year 2015 marked the ARC´s 30th year of existence. Every November, the race attracts over 200 boats and 1,200 people to sail across the Atlantic to the Caribbean. Music and dance[edit] Further information: Music of Saint Lucia Together with Caribbean
Caribbean
music genres such as Calypso, Soca, Dancehall, Reggae, Compas, Zouk, and Salsa, Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
has a strong indigenous folk music tradition. Each May since 1991, Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
has hosted an internationally renowned Jazz Festival. In 2013, the festival was re-branded The Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
Jazz & Arts Festival which encompassed culture, visual art, alternative music, education, fashion, and food. Dancing in Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
is inspired by Caribbean
Caribbean
culture and enjoys an active following. A popular folk dance is the Kwadril. Education[edit] Further information: Education in Saint Lucia The Education Act provides for free and compulsory education in Saint Lucia from the ages of 5 to 15.[45][51] Public spending on education was at 5.8% among the 2002–2005 GDP.[45] Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
has one university, the University of the West Indies Open Campus,[52] and a few medical schools – American International Medical University, International American University − College of Medicine, Destiny University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, and the oldest of which is Spartan Health Sciences University. Cuisine[edit] Further information: Saint Lucian cuisine Saint Lucia's national dish is green figs and saltfish. The island's cuisine is a unique blend of West African[citation needed], European (mainly British and French) and East Indian cuisine; this creates dynamic meal dishes such as macaroni pie, Stew chicken, rice and peas, fish broth or fish water, and soups packed full with fresh locally produced vegetables. Typical essential foodstuffs are potatoes, onions, celery, thyme, coconut milk, the very hot scotch bonnet peppers, flour, and cornmeal. All mainstream meat and poultry are eaten in St. Lucia; meat and seafood are normally stewed and browned to create a rich gravy sometimes served over ground provisions or rice. The island is also home to the famous fried dough, known by many as a bake or Johnny Cake. These bakes can be served with different sides, such as saltfish which is either sautéed or lightly fried along with red, green peppers, onions, and seasoned well. This is the most common way for bake to be prepared, though it can also be served with meats such as stewed chicken or beef. One popular Saint Lucian dessert is the pastry called a turnover. The pastry is made with sweetened coconut that is boiled with spices, some sugar, and whatever is satisfying. It is boiled until cooked to a light or dark brown colour; then the mixture is separated into various size portions placed on a rolled out piece of dough. The dough size may vary too depending on how much is desired, and lastly, it is baked in the oven until the colour of the turnover is nicely browned. Due to Saint Lucia's Indo- Caribbean
Caribbean
population, curry is very popular, however due to the blend of cooking styles, curry dishes have a distinct Caribbean
Caribbean
twist. Roti is typically served as a fast food meal: the bread itself is very flat (sometimes very thin) and is wrapped around curried vegetables such as chickpeas and potato, seafood such as shrimp and conch, or meats such as chicken, beef, goat, and liver. Gallery[edit]

Toraille Waterfall - July 2016

Gros Piton
Gros Piton
seen from the Ladera Hotel restaurant – September 2007

Petit Piton
Petit Piton
seen from the Ladera Hotel restaurant – December 2004

Soufrière Bay – February 2006

Hilltop view of resort – June 2006

Typical sight in Canaries: houses on hills, June 2006

St Lucia beach – February 2006

View from the Le Sport   resort – March 2006

See also[edit]

Geography portal North America
North America
portal Caribbean
Caribbean
portal Caricom portal Commonwealth realms portal

Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
– book Outline of Saint Lucia List of colonial governors and administrators of Saint Lucia Governor-General
Governor-General
of Saint Lucia Index of Saint Lucia-related articles Saint Lucian British Windward Islands LGBT rights in Saint Lucia Chief Justices

References[edit] Citations[edit]

^ a b c "About St. Lucia". Castries, St. Lucia: St. Lucia Tourist Board. Archived from the original on 5 June 2013. The official language spoken in Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
is English although many Saint Lucians also speak a French dialect, Creole (Kwéyòl).  ^ "Saint Lucia". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Retrieved 2016-10-23.  ^ a b "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations
United Nations
Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.  ^ a b c d "St. Lucia". International Monetary Fund. 2016.  ^ "2015 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations
United Nations
Development Programme. 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015.  ^ a b "The Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
Constitution" (1978-December-20 effective 1979-February-22), Government of St. Lucia, December 2008, http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/1978/1901/made ^ a b "Population & Vital Statistics". Central Statistics Office of St. Lucia. Archived from the original on 19 November 2016. Retrieved 18 November 2016. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ Mixed Legal Systems. juriglobe.ca ^ "Human development indices" (PDF). Undp.org. 2008. Archived from the original on 12 January 2012. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ Hartston, William (2016-02-21). "Top 10 facts about St Lucia". Express.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-06-13.  ^ Harmsen, Jolien; Ellis, Guy; Devaux, Robert (2014). A History of St Lucia. Vieux Fort: Lighthouse Road. p. 14. ISBN 9789769534001.  ^ a b Harmsen, Jolien; Ellis, Guy; Devaux, Robert (2014). A History of St Lucia. Vieux Fort: Lighthouse Road. pp. 16–21. ISBN 9789769534001.  ^ World Statesmen: Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
Chronology Linked 2014-01-20 ^  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chichester, Henry Manners (1894). "Montagu, John (1688?-1749)". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 38. London: Smith, Elder & Co.  ^ Trimble, p. 49 ^ They Called Us the Brigands. The Saga of St. Lucia's Freedom Fighters by Robert J Devaux ^ Cameron, Sarah (2013). St Lucia & Dominica
Dominica
Footprint Focus Guide: Includes Fort-de- France
France
... (1 ed.). Footprint Travel Guides. p. 32. ISBN 9781909268319. Retrieved 1 November 2017.  ^ Cameron, Sarah (2013). St Lucia & Dominica
Dominica
Footprint Focus Guide: Includes Fort-de- France
France
... p. 33.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Harris, Mark Pictures at A Revolution, Penguin Press, pg. 242-43 ^ Brew, Simon (24 September 2014). "Billy Connolly interview: What We Did, Muppets, X-Files". Den of Geek.  ^ " Allen Chastanet
Allen Chastanet
sworn in new St Lucia PM". Jamaica
Jamaica
Observer. 7 June 2016. Retrieved 7 June 2016.  ^ a b Lindsay, Jan; Trumbull, Robert; Schmitt, Axel; Stockli, Daniel; Shane, Phil; Howe, Tracy (2013). " Volcanic
Volcanic
stratigraphy and geochemistry of the Soufriere Volcanic
Volcanic
Centre, Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
with implications for volcanic hazards". Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 258: 126–142. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2013.04.011.  ^ http://opm.govt.lc/ The prime minister ^ "Members of the House of Assembly", Government of St. Lucia, 2008, stlucia.gov .lc (see below: References). ^ "UWP wins Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
elections". St. Lucia Times. 6 June 2016. Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 7 June 2016. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ Permanent Mission of Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
to the United Nations. Retrieved January 26, 2018. ^ Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
Press Release About New UN Ambassador. Retrieved January 26, 2018. ^ OAS Inter – American Treaties ^ "Member State: Saint Lucia". Organization of American States. 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017.  ^ a b c IRD Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago
– CARICOM Treaties ^ " Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act
Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act
(FATCA)". www.treasury.gov. Retrieved 2017-02-18.  ^ "Agreement between the Government of the United States
United States
of America and the Government of Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
to Improve International Tax Compliance and to Implement FATCA" (PDF). U.S. Department of the Treasury. 19 November 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2017.  ^ "Referenced by the Royal Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
Police". Rslpf.com. 1961-11-04. Retrieved 2016-12-21.  ^ "Referenced by Nation Master". Nationmaster.com. Retrieved 2016-12-21.  ^ "Small Island Developing States". New York: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Division for Sustainable Development. Retrieved 13 March 2018.  ^ "List of Small Island Developing States". New York: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Division for Sustainable Development. Retrieved 13 March 2018.  ^ "Saint Lucia". CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 March 2018.  ^ " Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
Economy: Population, GDP, Inflation, Business, Trade, FDI, Corruption". Heritage.org. Retrieved 2016-12-21.  ^ 2010 POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS PRELIMINARY REPORT. stats.gov.lc (Updated April 2011) ^ "Oecd.org". Archived from the original on 17 June 2009. Retrieved 4 March 2010.  ^ a b Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs (U.S. Department of State) (12 August 2011). "Background Note: Saint Lucia". United States Department of State. Retrieved 11 November 2011. Languages: English (official); a French patois is common throughout the country.  ^ a b "Kweyolphone Countries Take Stock of the Language's Growth". Government of Saint Lucia. Archived from the original on 2 April 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2008. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ "Welcome to the International Organisation of La Francophonie's official website". Paris: Organisation internationale de la Francophonie. Retrieved 11 November 2011.  ^ " The World Factbook
The World Factbook
— Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2017-01-26.  ^ a b c d e "Human Development Report 2009 – Saint Lucia". hdrstats.undp.org. Archived from the original on 8 July 2010. Retrieved 16 November 2009. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ "St. Lucia Culture". Flights To St Lucia. Retrieved 12 March 2010.  ^ St Lucia Jazz Festival. tropicalsky.co.uk (April 20, 2009) ^ "Charles eager to learn from Dessie Haynes". Windies cricket. Archived from the original on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2012.  ^ " Nadine George awarded MBE". ESPN Cricinfo. 14 November 2005. Retrieved 16 September 2012.  ^ "Darren Sammy and Nadine George cop top sports award". Government of Saint Lucia. 21 February 2005. Archived from the original on 20 December 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.  ^ "Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB) – U.S. Department of Labor". Dol.gov. Archived from the original on 27 November 2013. Retrieved 16 November 2009. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ " Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
Colleges and University Directory. Universities and Colleges in Higher Education of ( Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
). Universities, Colleges, Departments, Schools, Institutes of Saint Lucia, version: 2009-11-16,1687412353". University-directory.eu. Retrieved 16 November 2009. 

Sources[edit]

Find more aboutSaint Luciaat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity

"The Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
Constitution" (1978-December-20 effective 1979-February-22), Government of St. Lucia, 2008, stlucia.gov.lc, webpage: The Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
Constitution Order 1978. "Members of the House of Assembly" (and Prime Minister), Government of St. Lucia, 2008, stlucia.gov.lc, webpage: stlucia.gov.lc/govfolks-members.

Trimble, Copeland (1876). Historical record of the 27th (Inniskilling) Regiment from the period of its institution as a volunteer corps till the present time. William Clowes. 

External links[edit]

"Saint Lucia". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency.  Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
from UCB Libraries GovPubs Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) St. Lucia from the BBC News Wikimedia Atlas of Saint Lucia Key Development Forecasts for Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
from International Futures Guide to the island of St. Lucia

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Saint Lucia articles

History

Vieux Fort Battle of St. Lucia British capture Atlantic slave trade British Windward Islands West Indies Federation

Geography

Cities Islands Mount Gimie Petit Piton Quarters Rivers Volcanoes Wildlife World Heritage Sites

Politics

Governance

Constitution Elections Foreign relations Governors-General Law enforcement

Chief Justice

Military Monarchy Parliament

Assembly Senate

Politics Political parties Prime Minister

Economy

Companies Dollar (currency) Telecommunications Tourism Transport

airports

Society

Crime Demographics Education Religion People from St Lucia

Culture

Anthem Coat of arms Cuisine Flag Music Sports

Outline Index

Category Portal

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Countries and dependencies of North America

Sovereign states

Entire

Antigua and Barbuda Bahamas Barbados Belize Canada Costa Rica Cuba Dominica Dominican Republic El Salvador Grenada Guatemala Haiti Honduras Jamaica Mexico Nicaragua Panama St. Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia St. Vincent and the Grenadines Trinidad and Tobago United States

In part

Colombia

San Andrés and Providencia

France

Guadeloupe Martinique

Caribbean
Caribbean
Netherlands

Bonaire Saba Sint Eustatius

Dependencies

Denmark

Greenland

France

Clipperton Island St. Barthélemy St. Martin St. Pierre and Miquelon

Netherlands

Aruba Curaçao Sint Maarten

United Kingdom

Anguilla Bermuda British Virgin Islands Cayman Islands Montserrat Turks and Caicos Islands

United States

Navassa Island Puerto Rico United States
United States
Virgin Islands

Venezuela

Federal Dependencies Nueva Esparta

International membership

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Organisation of Eastern Caribbean
Caribbean
States (OECS)

Members

Antigua and Barbuda Dominica Grenada Montserrat St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Vincent and the Grenadines

Associate members

Anguilla British Virgin Islands Martinique

Financial institutions

East Caribbean
Caribbean
dollar Eastern Caribbean
Caribbean
Central Bank Eastern Caribbean
Caribbean
Central Securities Registry Eastern Caribbean
Caribbean
Securities Exchange

Other institutions

Eastern Caribbean
Caribbean
Supreme Court

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Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America - Peoples’ Trade Treaty (ALBA-TCP)

Member states

Antigua and Barbuda Bolivia Cuba Dominica Ecuador Grenada Nicaragua Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Venezuela

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Caribbean
Caribbean
Community (CARICOM)

Secretariat (Secretary-General)

Members

Antigua and Barbuda Bahamas1 Barbados Belize Dominica Grenada Guyana Haiti1 Jamaica Montserrat2 St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Vincent and the Grenadines Suriname Trinidad and Tobago

Associate members

Anguilla Bermuda British Virgin Islands Cayman Islands Turks and Caicos Islands

Observers

Aruba Colombia Curaçao Dominican Republic Mexico Puerto Rico Sint Maarten Venezuela

Institutions

Common Fund for Commodities (CFC) Court of Justice (CCJ) Disaster Emergency Management (CDEMA) Examinations Council (CXC) Meteorological Institute (CMI) Meteorological Organisation (CMO) Public Health Agency (CARPHA) Single Market and Economy (CSME)

Related organizations

CARIFORUM Organisation of Eastern Caribbean
Caribbean
States (OECS)

1 Member of the Community but not of the CARICOM Single Market and Economy (CSME) 2 British overseas territory awaiting entrustment to join the CSME

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La Francophonie

Membership

Members

Albania Andorra Armenia Belgium

French Community

Benin Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada

New Brunswick Quebec

Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Cyprus1 Democratic Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo Djibouti Dominica Egypt Equatorial Guinea France

French Guiana Guadeloupe Martinique St. Pierre and Miquelon

Gabon Ghana1 Greece Guinea Guinea-Bissau Haiti Ivory Coast Laos Luxembourg Lebanon Macedonia2 Madagascar Mali Mauritania Mauritius Moldova Monaco Morocco Niger Qatar Romania Rwanda St. Lucia São Tomé and Príncipe Senegal Seychelles Switzerland Togo Tunisia Vanuatu Vietnam

Observers

Argentina Austria Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Czech Republic Dominican Republic Georgia Hungary Kosovo Latvia Lithuania Montenegro Mozambique Ontario Poland Serbia Slovakia Slovenia South Korea Thailand Ukraine United Arab Emirates Uruguay

1 Associate member. 2 Provisionally referred to by the Francophonie as the "former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia"; see Macedonia naming dispute.

Organization

Agence de Coopération Culturelle et Technique Agence universitaire de la Francophonie

Secretaries-General

Boutros Boutros-Ghali Abdou Diouf Michaëlle Jean

Culture

French language UN French Language Day International Francophonie Day Jeux de la Francophonie Prix des cinq continents de la francophonie Senghor University AFFOI TV5Monde LGBT rights

Category

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Members of the Commonwealth of Nations

Sovereign states (Members)

Antigua and Barbuda Australia Bahamas Bangladesh Barbados Belize Botswana Brunei Cameroon Canada Cyprus Dominica Fiji Ghana Grenada Guyana India Jamaica Kenya Kiribati Lesotho Malawi Malaysia Malta Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Nauru New Zealand Nigeria Pakistan Papua New Guinea Rwanda St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Solomon Islands South Africa Sri Lanka Swaziland Tanzania The Gambia Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tuvalu Uganda United Kingdom Vanuatu Zambia

Dependencies of Members

Australia

Ashmore and Cartier Islands Australian Antarctic Territory Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Coral Sea Islands Heard Island and McDonald Islands Norfolk Island

New Zealand

Cook Islands Niue Ross Dependency Tokelau

United Kingdom

Akrotiri and Dhekelia Anguilla Bermuda British Antarctic Territory British Indian Ocean Territory British Virgin Islands Cayman Islands Falkland Islands Gibraltar Guernsey Isle of Man Jersey Montserrat Pitcairn Islands St. Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Turks and Caicos Islands

Source: Commonwealth Secretariat - Member States

v t e

Commonwealth realms and dominions

Current

Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda
(monarchy) Australia
Australia
(monarchy) Bahamas (monarchy) Barbados
Barbados
(monarchy) Belize
Belize
(monarchy) Canada
Canada
(monarchy) Grenada
Grenada
(monarchy) Jamaica
Jamaica
(monarchy) Realm of New Zealand

Cook Islands New Zealand Niue

Papua New Guinea
Guinea
(monarchy) Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Kitts and Nevis
(monarchy) Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
(monarchy) Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
(monarchy) Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
(monarchy) Tuvalu
Tuvalu
(monarchy) United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(monarchy)

Former

Ceylon Fiji
Fiji
(monarchy) The Gambia Ghana Guyana India Ireland (monarchy) Kenya Malawi Malta
Malta
(monarchy) Mauritius Newfoundland1 Nigeria Pakistan Rhodesia2 Sierra Leone South Africa
South Africa
(monarchy) Tanganyika Trinidad and Tobago Uganda

1 Annexed by Canada
Canada
in 1949 2 Rhodesia
Rhodesia
unilaterally declared independence in 1965, but this was not recognised internationally. Declared itself a republic in 1970.

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English-speaking world

Click on a coloured area to see an article about English in that country or region

Further links

Articles

English-speaking world History of the English language British Empire English in the Commonwealth of Nations Anglosphere

Lists

List of countries by English-speaking population List of countries where English is an official language

 

Countries and territories where English is the national language or the native language of the majority

Africa

Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha

Americas

Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda The Bahamas Barbados Belize Bermuda British Virgin Islands Canada Cayman Islands Dominica Falkland Islands Grenada Guyana Jamaica Montserrat Saba Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Sint Eustatius Sint Maarten South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Trinidad and Tobago Turks and Caicos Islands United States United States
United States
Virgin Islands

Europe

Guernsey Ireland Isle of Man Jersey United Kingdom

Oceania

Australia New Zealand Norfolk Island Pitcairn Islands

 

Countries and territories where English is an official language, but not the majority first language

Africa

Botswana Cameroon The Gambia Ghana Kenya Lesotho Liberia Malawi Mauritius Namibia Nigeria Rwanda Sierra Leone Somaliland South Africa South Sudan Sudan Swaziland Tanzania Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe

Americas

Puerto Rico

Asia

Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Hong Kong Special
Special
Administrative Region India Pakistan Philippines Singapore

Europe

Gibraltar Malta

Oceania

American Samoa Cook Islands Fiji Guam Kiribati Marshall Islands Micronesia Nauru Niue Northern Mariana Islands Palau Papua New Guinea Samoa Solomon Islands Tokelau Tuvalu Vanuatu

Dependencies shown in italics.

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 135479387 LCCN: n79034961 GND: 4051307-5 BNF: cb15360021k (d

.