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Rocester
Rocester
/ˈroʊstər/ ( listen) is a village and civil parish in the East Staffordshire
Staffordshire
district of Staffordshire, England. Its name is spelt Rowcestre in the Domesday Book. It is located on the Derbyshire
Derbyshire
border.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Modern times 4 References 5 External links

Geography[edit] The village is about 4 miles (6.4 km) north of Uttoxeter, and close to the county border with Derbyshire. According to the 2001 census the parish had a population of 1,431. The village lies on a triangle of land between the River Churnet
River Churnet
and River Dove, which join to the south. The parish borders, from the south going clockwise, the parishes of Uttoxeter
Uttoxeter
Rural, Croxden, Denstone, Ellastone, all in East Staffordshire, and then Norbury and Roston, Marston Montgomery
Marston Montgomery
and Doveridge, all in the Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Dales district of Derbyshire. History[edit] A Roman fort was founded on the site in about 69 AD, as an intermediate point between Derby
Derby
and Newcastle-under-Lyme. The remains of the earthworks can still be seen. After the Romans departed, in about 400 AD, the village remained in use by the Anglo-Saxons throughout the Middle Ages. In 1141 the St Mary's Augustinian Abbey was built on the site now known as Abbey Fields. The order was disbanded in 1538; the abbey and its chapel were demolished and a manor house was built on the site.

St Michael's Church, Rocester

The village church, St Michael's, was constructed in the 13th century. It was mostly rebuilt in 1873, although the tower is the original.[2] In 1781 Richard Arkwright
Richard Arkwright
bought an old corn mill on the River Dove and converted it to a water-powered cotton mill. This introduced industry to a predominantly agricultural community. With industry came the canal and railway networks, and Rocester
Rocester
became an important trading point. The mill was a great driving force in the expansion of the village; its owners were responsible for much building in the village. The mill has now been converted into the JCB Academy. On 1 August 1849 Rocester railway station
Rocester railway station
was opened by the North Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Railway. Modern times[edit]

JCB site at Rocester

The Fossor, at the JCB headquarters

The mill remained the primary employer until the 1950s, and finally closed in 1985. By this time another major employer had arrived in the village, JCB. The present factory, on the site of the original 1950s factory, was opened in 1970 and is the world headquarters for the company. There are a number of sculptures around the JCB site and landscaped parkland nearby. Most significant of these is The Fossor, which takes its name from the Latin
Latin
fossor i.e. digger. The steel sculpture, created by Walenty Pytel, is made entirely of digger parts and is a powerful representation of JCB.[3] It weighs 36 tonnes, stands 45 feet high and was the largest steel sculpture in Europe at the time of its creation in 1979. It can be seen from the B5030 road that passes it. The village has several businesses, a school, a pre-school and a church. Rocester
Rocester
is home to the football team Rocester
Rocester
F.C.. Rocester
Rocester
lies on the Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Way, and is the southern terminus of the Limestone Way, a footpath which runs 46 miles (74 km) north to Castleton in the Peak District. References[edit]

^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 6 December 2015.  ^ Church of St Michael Historic England. Retrieved 22 October 2017. ^ Public Sculpture of Staffordshire
Staffordshire
and the Black Country, George T. Noszlopy and Fiona Waterhouse, 2005, ISBN 0-85323-989-4

External links[edit] Media related to Rocester
Rocester
at Wikimedia Commons

Rocester
Rocester
Photography A Rocester
Rocester
photo site Rocester
Rocester
The community website Rocester : Roman Fort and Town

v t e

Civil parishes of East Staffordshire

Abbots Bromley Anglesey Anslow Barton under Needwood Blithfield Branston Brizlincote Burton Croxden Denstone Draycott in the Clay Dunstall Ellastone Hanbury Hoar Cross Horninglow and Eton Kingstone Leigh Marchington Mayfield Newborough Okeover Outwoods Ramshorn Rocester Rolleston on Dove Shobnall Stanton Stapenhill Stretton Tatenhill Tutbury Uttoxeter
Uttoxeter
(town) Uttoxeter
Uttoxeter
Rural Winshill Woot

.