Riviera Maya (Spanish pronunciation: [ri'βjeɾa 'maʝa]) is
a tourism and resort district in Mexico. It straddles the coastal Fed
307, along the Caribbean coastline of the state of Quintana Roo,
located in the eastern portion of the
Historically, this district started at the city of Playa del Carmen
and ended at the village of Tulum, although the towns of Puerto
Morelos, situated to the north of Playa del Carmen, as well as the
town of Felipe Carrillo Puerto, situated 40 kilometres (25 mi) to
the south of Tulum, are both currently being promoted as part of the
Riviera Maya tourist corridor.
Riviera Maya was originally called the "Cancun–
but in 1999, it was renamed as the
Riviera Maya with the aid of
Lic. Miguel Ramón Martín Azueta. At the time, he was the municipal
president of Solidaridad, Quintana Roo. The municipality of
Solidaridad includes the whole of the official
Riviera Maya from Playa
del Carmen in the north, to
Tulum in the south, and extends
approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) inland, to the border with
the state of Yucatán.
5 See also
Riviera Maya is famous for its large scale all-inclusive resorts
and a historical tourism base of smaller boutique hotels as well as
the many fine-dining restaurants available along the Fed 307 and on or
near the beaches. Luxury travel entities have been instrumental in
increasing luxury villa rentals and yacht charters in the area however
these only represent a small fraction of the total tourism
Government development plans include establishing a number of
medium-sized cities of ~200,000 inhabitants within the Riviera Maya
with initial planning spanning 20 years. Target areas for urbanization
include the towns and villages of: Puerto Morelos, the Riviera Maya),
Puerto Aventuras, Akumal, Chemuyil, and Tulum.
A major attraction throughout the
Riviera Maya are coastal and reef
aquatic activities dependent on the coastal water and the Mesoamerican
Barrier Reef System (also known as the
Belize Barrier Reef) which
begins near Cancun and continues along the whole length of the Riviera
Maya continuing southward to Guatemala. This barrier reef system is
the second longest in the world.
Activities at the most visited locations include jet-skiing,
snorkeling, scuba diving, swimming in cenotes, swimming with dolphins,
zip-lining, horse riding, sailing, and guided jungle tours. Archeology
is also a big tourist draw in the area, including the popular
archeological sites operated by the Instituto Nacional de
Archeological such as
Tulum on the coast, and
Chichen Itza and Coba
located some distance inland. The self-named ecoparks of
Xel-Ha also include some smaller archeological ruins as part of their
attractions, but these natural water theme parks operated by private
business consortia attract much larger crowds due to the diversity and
range of activities provided, such as swimming with captive
The mean annual temperature is 24–25 °C (75–77 °F).
The climate is dominated by a rainy season from May through November,
and within the dry season there is a period dominated by northerly
winds, called El Norte, which usually occurs in the months of January
and February. The maximum mean annual precipitation throughout the
Yucatán Peninsula occurs along the coast of the
Riviera Maya with 1.5
metres (4.9 ft) of rainfall with a general decline to the NW with
only 400 millimetres (1.3 ft) per year or less on the opposite
side of the Peninsula. While the Caribbean coast of the Yucatán
experiences a large number of tropical storms and hurricanes, the
storm tracks and therefore landfalls of these are divergent to both
the north (Cancun) and the south (south of
Tulum and down to Belize)
striking generally outside the Riviera Maya. Groundwater and therefore
cenote water temperatures are 25 °C (77 °F) year round.
Coastal waters range from 26 °C (79 °F) in January to
29 °C (84 °F) in August.
Punta Maroma, Riviera Maya, Mexico
Riviera Maya is completely within the state of
Quintana Roo on the
Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico. The terrain is flat and covered by low
tropical jungle. The geology is high purity carbonates down to a depth
of 0.5 - 1.5 km below the surface. Mean annual rainfall is 1.5 m
per year and the efficient infiltration results in the complete
absence of any surface rivers. As is common in karst, underground
river networks have formed by dissolution, and these have been
explored and mapped by cave diving through sinkhole collapses locally
called cenotes. The whole of the
Yucatán Peninsula is underlain by a
density stratified coastal aquifer system with a lens shaped fresh
water body floating on top of intruding saline water. The formation of
caves (speleogenesis) within this coastal carbonate aquifer is
principally associated with carbonate dissolution at the fresh-saline
water contact within the aquifer. By 2008, the Quintana Roo
Speleological Society (QRSS) reported more than 700 kilometres
(430 mi) of flooded cave passages within the limits of the
Riviera Maya including the two longest underwater cave systems in the
world of Sac Actun and Ox Bel Ha. These groundwater resources,
accessed via the thousands of cenotes throughout the landscape, once
supported the Maya civilizations and today remain the only natural
sources of potable water in the area.
The Caribbean coastline is a series of crescent shaped white sand
beaches interrupted every 1 – 10 km by rocky headlands and
inlets, called caletas, through which groundwater discharges into the
coastal water. Large sections of the extensive mangrove swamps that
lie behind the beaches and headlands are included in the areas
scheduled for tourism development.
Most tourists to the
Riviera Maya arrive through
Airport, approximately 50 km (31 mi) north of Playa del
About 20 kilometres (12 mi) north of Tulum, a new international
airport was announced. In March 2011, the bidding for construction
contracts was to be concluded.
As of April 2014, all projects related with the
Tulum Airport are no
longer available through official sites. The high speed
trans-peninsula train is now the main project for the area.
^ Gollan, Doug (10 October 2015). "Riviera Maya's
Focuses On Luxury, Sustainability While Seeking To Improve Local
Life". Forbes. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
^ Parker, Matt. "Mayan Ruins of Mexico". USA Today. Retrieved 15 May
Xcaret Eco Park - Nature Theme Park". Loco Gringo. Retrieved 23
^ Wright, Lisa. "Our Top 5 Tips for
Xcaret Park". PlayadelCarmen.com.
Retrieved 23 December 2017.
Tulum Hacia su Transformación: González Canto" (in
Spanish). 18 September 2009. Archived from the original on 2 December
2009. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
^ Cabrera, Eduardo (12 May 2012). "Pone en marcha SCT proyecto de tren
transpeninsular en Quintana Roo" (in Spanish). Imagen Radio. Retrieved
16 June 2017.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Riviera Maya.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Riviera Maya.
State of Quintana Roo
Benito Juárez (Cancún)
Cozumel (San Miguel de Cozumel)
Felipe Carrillo Puerto (Felipe Carrillo Puerto)
Isla Mujeres (Isla Mujeres)
José María Morelos (José María Morelos)
Lázaro Cárdenas (Kantunilkín)
Othón P. Blanco (Chetumal)
Puerto Morelos (Puerto Morelos)
Solidaridad (Playa del Carmen)
Places of interest
Cozumel National Park
Coordinates: 20°37′53″N 87°04′23″W / 20.63139°N
87.07306°W / 2