Motto: (류경/柳京) (Korean )
"Dynamic Labors "
North Korea with
Coordinates: 39°1′10″N 125°44′17″E / 39.01944°N
125.73806°E / 39.01944; 125.73806 Coordinates : 39°1′10″N
125°44′17″E / 39.01944°N 125.73806°E / 39.01944;
18 districts, 1 county
• CHAIRMAN OF PYONGYANG PEOPLE\'S COMMITTEE
• SECRETARY OF THE WORKERS\' PARTY OF KOREA PYONGYANG CITY
3,194 km2 (1,233 sq mi)
38 m (125 ft)
THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS KOREAN TEXT. Without proper rendering support
, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of
PYONGYANG (/ˈpjɒŋˈjæŋ, ˈpjʌŋ-/ ; (Chosŏn\'gŭl : 평양;
Hancha : 平壤), Korean pronunciation: , literally: "Flat Land" or
"Peaceful Land") is the capital and largest city of the Democratic
People’s Republic of Korea (commonly known as North Korea).
Pyongyang is located on the
Taedong River about 109 kilometres (68
mi) upstream from its mouth on the
Yellow Sea and, according to
preliminary results from the 2008 population census, has a population
of 3,255,388. The city was split from the South
Pyongan province in
1946. It is administered as a directly governed city (_chikhalsi_,
직할시) on the same level as provincial governments, as opposed to
a special city (_teukbyeolsi_, 특별시) as
Seoul is in
South Korea .
* 1 Names
* 2 Prehistory
* 3 History
* 3.1 After 1945
* 4 Geography and climate
* 5 Politics
* 6 Administrative status and divisions
* 7 Cityscape
* 7.1 Landmarks
* 8 Culture
* 8.1 Cuisine
* 9 Sports
* 10 Economy
* 10.1 Retail
* 10.2 Transportation
* 11 Education and science
* 12 Healthcare
* 13 Twin towns
* 14 See also
* 15 Notes
* 16 References
* 16.1 Citations
* 16.2 Bibliography
* 17 Further reading
* 18 External links
Pyongyang at night
The city's other historic names include _Kisong_, _Hwangsong_,
_Rakrang_, _Sŏgyong_, _Sodo_, _Hogyong_, _Changan_, and _Heijō_
Japanese rule in Korea ). There are several variants. During
the early 20th century,
Pyongyang came to be known among missionaries
as being the "
Jerusalem of the East", due to its historical status as
a stronghold of
Christianity , namely
After Kim Il-sung\'s death in 1994, some members of
Kim Jong-il 's
faction proposed changing the name of
Pyongyang to "
Kim Il-sung City"
(김일성시), but others suggested that
North Korea should begin
Kim Il-sung City" instead and grant
Kim Jong-il City", and in the end neither proposal was
In 1955, archaeologists excavated evidence of prehistoric occupation
in a large ancient village in the
Pyongyang area, called Kŭmtan-ni,
dating to the Chŭlmun and Mumun pottery periods . North Koreans
Pyongyang with "
Asadal " (아사달), or _Wanggomsŏng _
(왕검성; 王儉城), the first second millennium BC capital of the
Gojoseon kingdom according to Korean history books, notably _Samguk
Many South Korean historians deny this claim because other Chinese
history books such as the _Guanzi _, _
Shanhaijing _, _
Shiji _, and
Sanguozhi _ place
Asadal around the
Liao River located in western
Manchuria . The connection between the two therefore may have been
North Korea for the use of propaganda. Nevertheless,
Pyongyang became a major city under Gojoseon.
Pyongyang was founded in 1122 BC on the site of the
capital, according to legends. It is likely that the area of
Pyongyang belonged to
Wiman Joseon , the shortest-lasting part of
Gojoseon if both Dangun and
Gija Joseon were real, which fell in the
Wiman Joseon–Han War in 108 BC. Emperor Wu of the Han dynasty
ordered four commanderies be set up, with
Lelang Commandery in the
center and its capital established as 平壤 (
Old Chinese :
*breŋ*naŋʔ, modern Mandarin : píngrǎng, Korean: pyongyang).
Several archaeological findings from the later,
Eastern Han (20–220
AD) period in the
Pyongyang area seems to suggest that Han forces
later launched brief incursions around these parts.
The area around the city was called Nanglang during the early Three
Kingdoms period. As the capital of Nanglang kingdom (낙랑국),
Pyongyang remained an important commercial and cultural outpost after
Lelang Commandery was destroyed by an expanding
Goguryeo in 313.
Goguryeo moved its capital there in 427. According to Christopher
Beckwith , _Pyongyang_ is the Sino-Korean reading of the name they
gave it in their language: _Piarna_, or "level land".
Pyongyang became the capital of the Protectorate General to
Pacify the East established by the
Tang dynasty of China. However, by
676, it was taken by
Silla , but left on the border between
Balhae (Bohai). This lasted until the time of the
Goryeo dynasty, when
the city was revived as _Sŏgyŏng_ (
Hangul : 서경;
Hanja : 西京;
"Western Capital") although it was never actually a capital of the
kingdom. It was the provincial capital of the Pyeongan Province during
Joseon dynasty . Korean and Chinese offensive during the
Siege of Pyongyang (1593) Chinese generals in Pyongyang
surrender to Imperial Japanese soldiers during the Sino-Japanese War ,
October 1894, as depicted in Japanese ukiyo-e .
Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98) ,
captured by the Japanese until the Japanese were defeated in the Siege
Pyongyang . Later in the 17th century, it became temporarily
Second Manchu invasion of Korea
Second Manchu invasion of Korea until peace
arrangements were made between Korea and the
Manchus . While the
invasions made Koreans suspicious of foreigners, the influence of
Christianity began to grow after the country opened itself up to
foreigners in the 16th century.
Pyongyang became the base of Christian
expansion in Korea, and by 1880 it had more than 100 churches and more
Protestant missionaries than any other Asian city.
In 1890, the city had 40,000 inhabitants. It was the site of the
Pyongyang during the
First Sino-Japanese War , which led to
the destruction and depopulation of much of the city. It was the
provincial capital of South Pyeongan Province from 1896. Under
colonial rule , the city became an industrial center, called Heijō
(平壤 read as へいじょう) in Japanese. The aftermath of
In July 1931 the city experienced anti-Chinese riots as a result of
Wanpaoshan Incident and the sensationalized media reports of the
incident which appeared in Imperial Japanese and Korean newspapers.
Pyongyang had a population of 235,000.
Pyongyang in the 1920s
Pyongyang Station during the 1920s
Pyongyang City Hall during the 1920s
Pyongyang Tram during the 1920s
Sŏsŏng ward during the 1920s
Pyongyang during the 1920s
Moran Hill in Spring during the 1920s
Moran Hill during the 1920s
On 25 August 1945, the 25th army of the
Soviet Army entered
Pyongyang, and it became the temporary capital of the Provisional
People\'s Committee for
North Korea . A People's Committee was already
established there, led by veteran Christian nationalist
Cho Man-sik .
Pyongyang became the de facto capital of the Democratic People's
Republic of Korea at its establishment in 1948. At that time, the
Pyongyang government aimed to recapture Korea's official capital,
Pyongyang was again severely damaged in the
Korean War ,
during which it was briefly occupied by South Korean forces from 19
October to 6 December 1950. In 1952, it was the target of the largest
aerial raid of the entire war, involving 1,400 UN aircraft.
After the war, the city was quickly rebuilt with Soviet aid, with
many buildings built in the style of
Socialist Classicism . The plans
for the modern city of
Pyongyang were first displayed for public
viewing in a theatre building. On 27 July 1953 – the day the
North Korea and
South Korea was signed – _The
Pyongyang Review _ wrote: "While streets were in flames, an exhibition
showing the general plan of restoration of
Pyongyang was held at the
Moranbong Underground Theater", the air raid shelter of the government
Moran Hill . "On the way of victory... fireworks which streamed
high into the night sky of the capital in a gun salute briefly
illuminated the construction plan of the city which would rise soon
with a new look".
In 2001, the authorities began a long-term modernization program. The
Ministry of Capital City Construction Development was included in the
cabinet in that year. In 2006, Kim Jong-il’s brother-in-law Jang
Song-thaek took charge of the ministry.
GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
CLIMATE CHART (EXPLANATION )
12 −1 −11
11 2 −8
25 9 −2
50 17 5
72 23 11
90 27 17
275 29 21
213 29 21
100 25 14
40 18 7
35 9 0
17 2 −7
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
0.5 31 13
0.4 36 18
1 48 29
2 63 41
2.8 73 52
3.6 80 62
11 83 69
8.4 84 69
3.9 76 58
1.6 65 44
1.4 49 31
0.6 35 19
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Pyongyang is in the west-central part of North Korea; the city lies
on a flat plain about 50 kilometres (31 mi) east of the
Korea Bay , an
arm of the
Yellow Sea . The
Taedong River flows southwestward through
the city toward the Korea Bay. The
Pyongyang plain, where the city is
situated, is one of the two large plains on the Western coast of the
Korean peninsula, the other being the Chaeryong plain. Both have an
area of approximately 500 square kilometers.
Pyongyang has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate
classification _Dwa_). Cold, dry winds can blow from
winter, making conditions very cold; the low temperature is usually
below freezing between November and early March, although the average
daytime high is at least a few degrees above freezing in every month
except January. The winter is generally much drier than summer, with
snow falling for 37 days on average.
The transition from the cold, dry winter to the warm, wet summer
occurs rather quickly between April and early May, and there is a
similar abrupt return to winter conditions in late October and
November. Summers are generally hot and humid, with the East Asian
monsoon taking place from June until August; these are also the
hottest months, with average temperatures of 21 to 25 °C (70 to 77
°F), and daytime highs often above 30 °C (86 °F).
CLIMATE DATA FOR PYONGYANG (1971–2000, EXTREMES 1907–2016)
RECORD HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
DAILY MEAN °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
RECORD LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.1 MM)
AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)
MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS
World Meteorological Organization
World Meteorological Organization
Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (extremes, humidity 1908–1936,
and sun 1961–1990)
Mansudae Assembly Hall
Mansudae Assembly Hall , seat of the Supreme People\'s Assembly
, the North Korean parliament
Major government and other public offices are located in Pyongyang,
which is constitutionally designated as the country's capital. The
seat of the Workers\' Party Central Committee is located in
Pyongyang People's Committee is
located in Haebangsan-dong,
Chung-guyok . The Cabinet of North Korea
is located in Jongro-dong,
Pyongyang is also the seat of all major North Korean security
institutions. The largest of them, the Ministry of People\'s Security
, has 130,000 employees working in 12 bureaus. These oversee
activities as diverse as police services, security of party officials,
classified documents, census, civil registrations, large-scale public
construction, traffic control , fire safety, civil defense , public
health and customs . Another major structure based in the city is the
State Security Department , whose 30,000 personnel manage WW3
intelligence, political prison systems, military industrial security
and entry and exit management.
The politics and management of the city is dominated by the Workers\'
Party of Korea , as they are in the national level. The city is
managed by the
Pyongyang Party Committee of the Workers' Party of
Korea. The supreme standing state organ is the
Committee, responsible for everyday events in support of the city.
This includes following local Party guidance as channeled through the
Pyongyang Party Committee, the distribution of resources prioritized
to Pyongyang, and providing support to KWP and internal security
agency personnel and families.
ADMINISTRATIVE STATUS AND DIVISIONS
P'yŏngyang is divided into 19 wards (_ku-_ or _guyŏk_) _(the city
proper)_ and 2 counties (_kun_ or _gun_).
Chung-guyok (중구역; 中區域)
Pyongchon-guyok (평천구역; 平川區域)
Potonggang-guyok (보통강구역; 普通江區域)
Moranbong-guyok (모란봉구역; 牡丹峰區域)
Sŏsŏng-guyŏk (서성구역; 西城區域)
Songyo-guyok (선교구역; 船橋區域)
Tongdaewŏn-guyŏk (동대원구역; 東大院區域)
Taedonggang-guyŏk (대동강구역; 大同江區域)
Sadong-guyŏk (사동구역; 寺洞區域)
Taesong-guyok (대성구역; 大城區域)
Mangyongdae-guyok (만경대구역; 萬景台區域)
Hyongjesan-guyok (형제산구역; 兄弟山區域)
Ryongsong-guyok (룡성구역; 龍城區域)
Samsok-guyok (삼석구역; 三石區域)
Ryokpo-guyok (력포구역; 力浦區域)
Rakrang-guyok (락랑구역; 樂浪區域)
Sunan-guyŏk (순안구역; 順安區域)
Unjong-guyok (은정구역; 恩情區域)
Kangdong County (강동군; 江東郡)
Foreign media reports in 2010 stated that
Kangnam-gun , Chunghwa-gun
Sangwŏn-gun , and
Sŭngho-guyŏk had been transferred to the
administration of neighboring
North Hwanghae province.
_ Panorama of Pyongyang, as seen from the Juche_ Tower in April
Ryugyong Hotel and part of the Monument to the Victorious
Fatherland Liberation War Apartment buildings with green areas
Pyongyang was destroyed during the
Korean War and has been entirely
rebuilt according to a design reflecting Kim Il-sung's vision. His
dream was reportedly to create a capital that would boost morale in
the post-war years. The result was a city with wide, tree-lined
boulevards and public buildings with terraced landscaping, mosaics and
decorated ceilings. Its Russian-style architecture makes it
reminiscent of a Siberian city during winter snowfall, although
edifices of traditional Korean design somewhat soften this perception.
In summer, it is notable for its rivers, willow trees, flowers and
The streets are laid out in a north-south, east-west grid, giving the
city an orderly appearance. North Korean designers applied the
Swedish experience of self-sufficient urban neighbourhoods throughout
the entire country, and
Pyongyang is no exception. Its inhabitants are
mostly divided into administrative units of 5,000 to 6,000 people
(_dong_). These units all have similar sets of amenities including a
food store, a barber shop, a tailor , a public bathhouse, a post
office , a clinic, a library and others. Many residents occupy
high-rise apartment buildings. One of Kim Il-sung's priorities while
Pyongyang was to limit the population. Authorities maintain
a restrictive regime of movement into the city, making it atypical of
East Asia as it is silent, uncrowded and spacious.
Pyongyang are divided into three major architectural
categories: monuments, buildings with traditional Korean motifs and
high-rises. Some of North Korea's most recognisable landmarks are
monuments, like the _Juche_ Tower , the Arch of Triumph and the Mansu
Hill Grand Monument . The first of them is a 170-meter granite spire
symbolizing the _
Juche _ ideology. It was completed in 1982 and
contains 25,550 granite blocks, one for each day of Kim Il-sung's life
up to that point. The most prominent building on Pyongyang's skyline
Ryugyong Hotel , the seventh highest building in the world terms
of floor count, the tallest unoccupied building in the world, and one
of the tallest hotels in the world . It has yet to open.
High-rise apartment buildings dominate the cityscape. The government
launched a mass construction campaign aiming to build 100,000 new
homes in 2011. The Changjon Street Apartment Complex was part of this
effort. Construction of the complex began after late leader Kim
Jong-il reportedly described the area as "pitiful". Other housing
complexes are being upgraded as well, but most are still poorly
insulated while elevators and central heating remain rare. These new
buildings foresaw the start of an urban renewal program that continues
under Kim Jong-un's leadership, with the old apartments of the 70s and
80s now replaced by new, taller high rise buildings and new leisure
parks like the
Kaesong Youth Park, as well as renovations of older
Rungrado 1st of May Stadium by the
Taedong River is the
largest mass-sports/athletic stadium in the world by capacity.
Notable landmarks in the city include:
Kumsusan Palace of the Sun
* the Arch of Triumph (heavily inspired by, but larger than, Paris
Arc de Triomphe
Arc de Triomphe )
* the birthplace of
Kim Il-sung at
Mangyongdae Hill at the city
* _Juche_ Tower
* two large stadiums:
Rungrado 1st of May Stadium
Kim Il-sung Stadium
* the Mansu Hill complex , including the
Korean Revolution Museum
Kim Il-sung Square
Yanggakdo International Hotel
Yanggakdo International Hotel
Pyongyang TV Tower is a minor landmark. Other visitor attractions
Korea Central Zoo . The
Arch of Reunification has a map of
a united Korea supported by two concrete Korean women dressed in
traditional dress straddling the
Reunification Highway , which
Pyongyang to the
Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ).
* Monuments and sights of Pyongyang
_Juche_ Tower Monument to the philosophy of _
Juche _ (self-reliance)
Arch of Triumph
Arch of Reunification , a monument to the goal of a reunified Korea
Monument to Party Founding
Rungnado May Day Stadium
Kumsusan Palace of the Sun
Tomb of King Dongmyeong
Mansu Hill Grand Monument
Mansu Hill Grand Monument
Mirae Scientist's Street
Pyongyang raengmyeon _ (평양랭면), cold buckwheat noodle
soup originating in
Pyongyang served as the provincial capital of South
until 1946, and
Pyongyang cuisine shares the general culinary
tradition of the Pyeongan province. The most famous local food is
Pyongyang naengmyeon _, or also called _mul naengmyeon_ or just
simply _naengmyeon_. _Naengmyeon_ literally means "cold noodles",
while the affix _mul_ refers to water because the dish is served in a
cold broth. _Naengmyeon_ consists of thin and chewy buckwheat noodles
in a cold meat-broth with _dongchimi _ (watery kimchi) and topped with
a slice of sweet
Korean pear .
Pyongyang _naengmyeon_ was originally eaten in homes built with
_ondol _ (traditional underfloor heating ) during the cold winter, so
it is also humorously called _"
Pyongyang deoldeori"_ (shivering in
Pyongyang locals sometimes enjoyed it as a _haejangguk _,
which is any type of food eaten as a hangover-cure, usually a warm
Pyongyang dish, _
Taedonggang sungeoguk _,
translates as "trout soup from the
Taedong River ". The soup features
trout (abundant in the Taedong River) along with black peppercorns and
salt. Traditionally, it has been served to guests visiting Pyongyang.
Therefore, there is a common saying, "How good was the trout soup?",
which is used to greet people returning from Pyongyang. Another local
Pyongyang onban_ (literally "warm rice of Pyongyang"),
comprises freshly cooked rice topped with sliced mushrooms, chicken,
and a couple of _bindaetteok _ (pancakes made from ground mung beans
Famous restaurants in the city include
Okryu-gwan and Ch'ongryugwan.
Some street foods exist in Pyongyang, where vendors operate food
See also: Sport in
Pyongyang has a number of sports clubs, including the April 25 Sports
Club and the
Pyongyang City Sports Club . The most popular sport in
Pyongyang is football .
Pyongyang with the newly built Changjon Apartment
Okryu Bridge and
Ryugyong Hotel are in the background
Pyongyang is North Korea's industrial center. Thanks to the
abundance of natural resources like coal , iron and limestone , as
well as good land and water transport systems, it was the first
industrial city to emerge in
North Korea after the Korean War. Light
and heavy industries are both present and have developed in parallel.
Heavy manufactures include cement , industrial ceramics, munitions and
weapons, but mechanical engineering remains the core industry. Light
Pyongyang and its vicinity include textiles , footwear
and food, among others.
Special emphasis is put on the production and
supply of fresh produce and subsidiary crops in farms on the city's
outskirts. Other crops include rice , corn and soybeans . Pyongyang
aims to achieve self-sufficiency in meat production. High-density
facilities raise pigs, chicken and other livestock.
The city still experiences a shortage of electricity. To solve this
problem, two power stations -
Huichon Power Stations 1 and 2 - were
Chagang Province and supply the city through direct
transmission lines. A second phase of the power expansion project was
launched in January 2013, consisting of a series of small dams along
Chongchon River . The first two power stations have a maximum
generating capacity of 300 megawatts (MW), while the 10 dams to be
built under second phase are expected to generate about 120 MW. In
addition, the city has several existing or planned thermal power
stations . These include
Pyongyang TPS with a capacity of 500 MW, East
Pyongyang TPS with a capacity of 50 MW, and Kangdong TPS which is
Pyongyang Department Store No. 1
Pyongyang is home to several large department stores including the
Pothonggang Department Store ,
Pyongyang Department Store No. 1 ,
Pyongyang Department Store No. 2, Kwangbok Department Store, Ragwon
Pyongyang Station Department Store, and the
Pyongyang Children’s Department Store.
The city also has Hwanggumbol Shop, a chain of state-owned
convenience stores supplying goods at prices cheaper than those in
jangmadang markets. Hwanggumbol Shops are specifically designed to
control North Korea's expanding markets by attracting consumers and
guaranteeing the circulation of money in government-operated stores.
Tatra KT8D5K tram
Pyongyang is also the main transport hub of the country: it has a
network of roads, railways and air routes which link it to both
foreign and domestic destinations. It is the starting point of
inter-regional highways reaching Nampo,
Wonsan and Kaesong. Pyongyang
railway station serves the main railway lines, including the Pyongui
Line and the
Pyongbu Line . Regular international rail services to
Beijing , Chinese border city of
Moscow are also
A rail journey to
Beijing takes about 25 hours and 25 minutes (K27
from Beijing/K28 from Pyongyang, on Mondays, Wednesdays, Thursdays and
Saturdays); a journey to
Dandong takes about 6 hours (daily); a
Moscow takes six days. The city also connects to the
Eurasian Land Bridge via the
Trans-Siberian Railway . A high-speed
rail link to
Wonsan is planned.
Tupolev Tu-204 of
Air Koryo at
Sunan International Airport
The Metro , tram and trolleybus systems are used mainly by commuters
as a primary means of urban transportation. Cycle lanes were
introduced on main thoroughfares in July 2015. There are few cars in
the city. Cars are a symbol of status in the country due to their
scarcity as a result of restrictions on import because of
international sanctions and domestic regulations. Some roads are also
reported to be in a poor condition.
Air Koryo has scheduled international flights from
Pyongyang Sunan International Airport to
Beijing (PEK ),
Vladivostok (VVO ),
Shanghai (PVG ) and
Dandong . The only
domestic destinations are
Samjiyon . Since 31 March 2008,
Air China launched a regular service
Beijing and Pyongyang. Although Air China's flights are often
canceled due to the lack of passengers.
EDUCATION AND SCIENCE
Kim Il-sung University , North Korea's oldest university, was
established in 1946. It has seven colleges, 14 faculties and 16 other
institutes, graduate schools and university units. These include the
primary medical education and health personnel training unit, the
medical college; a physics faculty which covers a range of studies
including theoretical physics , optical science, geophysics and
astrophysics ; an atomic energy institute and a human evolution
research office which studies human evolution through a
Juche point of
view. Kim Il-Sung University also has its own publishing house, sports
club (Ryongnamsan Sports Team), revolutionary museum, nature museum,
libraries, a gym, indoor swimming pool and educator apartment houses.
Its two main buildings were completed in 1965 (Building 1) and 1972
(Building 2). A third building on campus is planned. The
Pyongyang University of Music and Dance
Pyongyang University of Music and Dance
Other higher education establishments include Kim Chaek University of
Pyongyang University of Music and Dance
Pyongyang University of Music and Dance and Pyongyang
University of Foreign Studies .
Pyongyang University of Science and
Technology is the country's first private university where most of the
lecturers are American and courses are carried out in English. A
science and technology hall is under construction on Ssuk Islet. Its
stated purpose is to contribute to the "informatization of educational
resources" by centralizing teaching materials, compulsory literature
and experimental data for state-level use in a digital format.
Sosong-guyok hosts a 20
MeV cyclotron called MGC-20. The initial
project was approved by the
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
in 1983 and funded by the IAEA, the United States and the North Korean
government. The cyclotron was ordered from the
Soviet Union in 1985
and constructed between 1987 and 1990. It is used for student
training, production of medical isotopes for nuclear medicine as well
as studies in biology, chemistry and physics.
Medical centers include the Red Cross Hospital, the First People's
Hospital which is located near
Moran Hill and was the first hospital
to be built in
North Korea after the liberation of Korea in 1945, the
Second People's Hospital, Ponghwa Recuperative Center (also known as
Ponghwa Clinic or Presidential Clinic) located in Sokam-dong,
Potonggang-guyok , 1.5 km northwest of
Kim Il-sung Square , Pyongyang
Medical School Hospital, Namsan Treatment Center which is adjacent
Pyongyang\'s Maternity Hospital , Taesongsan General Hospital, Kim
Man-yoo Hospital, Staff Treatment Center and Okryu Children's
Pyongyang is twinned with:
North Korea portal
* List of cities in
* ^ These include: Heijō-fu, Heizyō, Heizyō Hu, Hpyeng-yang,
P-hjöng-jang, Phyeng-yang, Phyong-yang, Pienyang, Pingyang,
Pyengyang, and Pieng-tang.
* ^ Nanglang-state is different from Lelang Commandery.
* ^ Station ID for
Pyongyang is 47058 Use this station ID to locate
the sunshine duration
* ^ _City population by sex, city and city type_, UN , 2008,
retrieved 27 October 2016
* ^ _A_ _B_ "
Pyongyang Republic, Robert Collins p. 54" (PDF).
* ^ "The Secretarial Pool". _
North Korea Leadership Watch_. 6 May
* ^ "NK Media Reports
Pyongyang Apartment Collapse".
* ^ United Nations Statistics Division; Preliminary results of the
2008 Census of Population of the Democratic People’s Republic of
Korea conducted on 1–15 October 2008 (PDF-FILE) Retrieved on
* ^ ("Heijō: North Korea". Retrieved 26 June 2013.
* ^ "Heijō-fu: North Korea". Retrieved 26 June 2013. )
* ^ "Heizyō: North Korea". Retrieved 26 June 2013.
* ^ "Heizyō Hu: North Korea". Retrieved 26 June 2013.
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Country Studies . 2009.
* Kracht, Christian , Eva Munz ;background:none
_ Regions and administrative divisions of
* North Hamgyong
* South Hamgyong
* South Hwanghae
SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGIONS
DIRECTLY GOVERNED CITY
CITIES WITH SPECIAL STATUS
Capitals of Asia
Dependent territories and states with limited recognition are in
North and Central Asia
West and Southwest Asia
* ASHGABAT ,
* ASTANA ,
* BISHKEK ,
* DUSHANBE ,
* MOSCOW ,
* TASHKENT ,
* BEIJING ,
* HONG KONG , _
Hong Kong _ (China)
* MACAU , _
Macau _ (China)
* SEOUL ,
* TAIPEI , _
Taiwan _ (ROC)
* TOKYO ,
* ULAANBAATAR ,
* KABUL ,
* DHAKA ,
* DIEGO GARCIA , _BIOT _ (UK )
* ISLAMABAD ,
* KATHMANDU ,
* KOTTE ,
* MALé ,
* NEW DELHI ,
* THIMPHU ,
* BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN ,
* BANGKOK ,
* DILI ,
* FLYING FISH COVE , _
Christmas Island _ (
* HANOI ,
* JAKARTA ,
* KUALA LUMPUR ,
* MANILA ,
* NAYPYIDAW ,
* PHNOM PENH ,
* CENTRAL AREA ,
* VIENTIANE ,
* WEST ISLAND , _
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Cocos (Keeling) Islands _ (
* ABU DHABI ,
United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
* AMMAN ,
* ANKARA ,
* BAGHDAD ,
* BAKU ,
* BEIRUT ,
* CAIRO ,
* SANA\\'A ,
* STEPANAKERT , _Nagorno-Karabakh _*
* SUKHUMI , _
* TBILISI , Georgia *
* TEHRAN ,
* TSKHINVALI , _
South Ossetia _*
* YEREVAN ,
Transcontinental country .
† See: Positions on
Jerusalem . Both Israel and Palestinians claim
Jerusalem as capital.
Jerusalem contains the Israeli parliament and
almost all Israeli government ministries.
Tel Aviv contains most
foreign embassies in Israel;
Ramallah is the administrative seat of
the Palestinian Authority.
_ National symbols of
Magnolia sieboldii _ (flower)
Northern goshawk (bird)
Pungsan dog (dog)
* _Chosŏn-ot_ (dress)
* _Ssirŭm _ (sport)
* _Juche_ Tower and
* Foundation Day (day)
* WorldCat Identities
* VIAF : 147740730
* LCCN : n80014572
* GND : 4285178-6
* NDL : 00646261
Pyongyang additional terms
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