Project 211


Project 211 () was a project of
National Key UniversitiesNational Key Universities () previously referred to universities recognized as prestigious and which received a high level of support from the central government of the People's Republic of China China, officially the People's Republic of Chi ...
colleges A college (Latin: ''collegium'') is an educational institution or a University system, constituent part of one. A college may be a academic degree, degree-awarding Tertiary education, tertiary educational institution, a part of a collegiate un ...
initiated in 1995 by the
Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China The Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China is an agency of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, State Council that regulates the education system in China, including compulsory basic education, vocational educati ...
, with the intent of raising the research standards of high-level universities and cultivating strategies for socio-economic development. During the first phase of the project, from 1996 to 2000, approximately US$2 billion was distributed. By 2008, China had some 116 institutions of higher education (about 6 percent) designated as 211 Project institutions for having met certain scientific, technical, and human resources standards and offering advanced degree programs. Project 211 schools take on the responsibility of training four-fifths of doctoral students, two-thirds of graduate students, half of students from abroad and one-third of undergraduates. They offered 85% of the state's key subjects, held 96% of the state's key laboratories, and consumed 70% of scientific research funding. The name for the project comes from an abbreviation of the slogan "面向21世纪,办好100所高校 (In preparation for the 21st century, successfully managing 100 universities)". One hundred was the approximate number of participating universities. Since 2014, Project 211 has been mentioned less.In October 2015, State Council of the People's Republic of China, The State Council of P.R.China published the 'Double First Class University Plan, Overall Plan for Promoting the Construction of World First Class Universities and First Class Disciplines (Double First Class University Plan)' , and made new arrangements for the development of higher education in China, replacing previous projects such as 'Project 211', 'Project 985' or 'Project Characteristic Key Disciplines'. In June 2016, the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China, Ministry of Education of China reconfirmed that the Project 211 had been abrogated.In September 2017, the full list of Double First Class University Plan was formally published by the central government of China. In 2019, the Ministry of Education of China reiterated that the Project 211 had been abolished and replaced by The Double First Class University Plan.

List of universities

See also

* Project 985 *Double First Class University Plan, Double First Class University * 863 Program *List of universities in China * Science and technology in China *State Key Laboratories * C9 League *Excellence League


External links

Project 211: the 106 universities and colleges (the webpage written in Simple Chinese)
211 Project {{Education of the People's Republic of China Project 211, Higher education in China Educational projects, 211