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The PLAYSTATION 2 (PS2) is a home video game console that was developed by Sony Computer Entertainment . It is the successor to the PlayStation
PlayStation
, and is the second installment in the PlayStation
PlayStation
lineup of consoles. It was released on March 4, 2000 in Japan
Japan
, October 26, 2000 in North America
North America
, November 24, 2000 in Europe
Europe
, and November 17, 2000 in Australia
Australia
. It competed with Sega
Sega
's Dreamcast
Dreamcast
, Microsoft
Microsoft
's Xbox , and Nintendo
Nintendo
's GameCube
GameCube
in the sixth generation of video game consoles .

Announced in 1999, the PlayStation
PlayStation
2 was the first PlayStation console to offer backwards compatibility for its predecessor's DualShock controller, as well as for its games. The PlayStation
PlayStation
2 is the best-selling video game console of all time, in front of the Nintendo
Nintendo
DS , selling over 155 million units, with 150 million confirmed by Sony
Sony
in 2011. More than 3,874 game titles have been released for the PS2 since launch, and more than 1.5 billion copies have been sold. Sony
Sony
later manufactured several smaller, lighter revisions of the console known as Slimline models in 2004 and well on, and in 2006, announced and launched its successor, the PlayStation
PlayStation
3 .

Even with the release of its successor, the PlayStation
PlayStation
2 remained popular well into the seventh generation and continued to be produced until January 4, 2013, when Sony
Sony
finally announced that the PlayStation
PlayStation
2 had been discontinued after 13 years of production – one of the longest runs for a video game console. Despite the announcement, new games for the console continued to be produced until the end of 2013, including Final Fantasy XI: Seekers of Adoulin for Japan, Pro Evolution Soccer 2014
Pro Evolution Soccer 2014
for North America
North America
and Europe, and FIFA 14
FIFA 14
for Brazil.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Hardware

* 2.1 Audio/video * 2.2 Retail configurations * 2.3 Disc Read Error (DRE) lawsuit

* 3 Games * 4 Online functionality

* 5 Reception

* 5.1 Sales

* 6 Accessories

* 6.1 General * 6.2 Music * 6.3 Controllers * 6.4 Mouse and Keyboard

* 7 Homebrew development * 8 See also * 9 References

HISTORY

Though Sony
Sony
has kept details of the PlayStation
PlayStation
2's development secret, work on the console began around the time that the original PlayStation
PlayStation
was released (in late 1994). Sony
Sony
announced the PlayStation
PlayStation
2 (PS2) on March 1, 1999. The video game console was positioned as a competitor to Sega
Sega
's Dreamcast
Dreamcast
, the first sixth-generation console to be released, although ultimately the main rivals of the PS2 were Nintendo
Nintendo
's GameCube
GameCube
and Microsoft
Microsoft
's Xbox . The Dreamcast
Dreamcast
itself launched very successfully in North America
North America
later that year, selling over 500,000 units within two weeks.

Soon after the Dreamcast's North American launch, Sony
Sony
unveiled the PlayStation
PlayStation
2 at the Tokyo Game Show on September 20, 1999. Sony showed fully playable demos of upcoming PlayStation
PlayStation
2 games including Gran Turismo 2000 (later released as Gran Turismo 3: A-Spec ) and Tekken Tag Tournament – which showed the console's graphic abilities and power.

The PS2 was launched in March 2000 in Japan, October in North America and November in Europe. Sales of the console, games and accessories pulled in $250 million on the first day, beating the $97 million made on the first day of the Dreamcast. Directly after its release, it was difficult to find PS2 units on retailer shelves due to manufacturing delays. Another option was purchasing the console online through auction websites such as eBay , where people paid over a thousand dollars for the console. The PS2 initially sold well partly on the basis of the strength of the PlayStation
PlayStation
brand and the console's backward compatibility, selling over 980,000 units in Japan
Japan
by March 5, 2000, one day after launch. This allowed the PS2 to tap the large install base established by the PlayStation
PlayStation
– another major selling point over the competition. Later, Sony
Sony
added new development kits for game developers and more PS2 units for consumers. The PS2's built-in functionality also expanded its audience beyond the gamer, as its debut pricing was the same or less than a standalone DVD
DVD
player. This made the console a low cost entry into the home theater market.

The success of the PS2 at the end of 2000 caused Sega
Sega
problems both financially and competitively, and Sega
Sega
announced the discontinuation of the Dreamcast
Dreamcast
in March 2001, just 18 months after its successful launch. The PS2 remained as the only active sixth generation console for over 6 months, before it would face competition from newer rivals; Nintendo's GameCube
GameCube
and Microsoft's Xbox, which were then released. Many analysts predicted a close three-way matchup among the three consoles; the Xbox having the most powerful hardware, while the GameCube
GameCube
was the least expensive console, and Nintendo
Nintendo
changed its policy to encourage third-party developers. While the PlayStation
PlayStation
2 theoretically had the weakest specification of the three, it had a head start due to its installed base plus strong developer commitment, as well as a built-in DVD
DVD
player (the Xbox required an adapter, while the GameCube
GameCube
lacked support entirely). While the PlayStation
PlayStation
2's initial games lineup was considered mediocre, this changed during the 2001 holiday season with the release of several blockbuster games that maintained the PS2's sales momentum and held off its newer rivals. Sony
Sony
also countered the Xbox by temporarily securing PlayStation
PlayStation
2 exclusives for highly anticipated games such as the Grand Theft Auto series and Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty .

Sony
Sony
cut the price of the console in May 2002 from US$299 to $199 in North America, making it the same price as the GameCube
GameCube
and $100 less than the Xbox. It also planned to cut the price in Japan
Japan
around that time. It cut the price twice in Japan
Japan
in 2003. In 2006, Sony
Sony
cut the cost of the console in anticipation of the release of the PlayStation 3 .

Sony, unlike Sega
Sega
with its Dreamcast, originally placed little emphasis on online gaming during its first few years, although that changed upon the launch of the online-capable Xbox . Coinciding with the release of Xbox Live, Sony
Sony
released the PlayStation
PlayStation
Network Adapter in late 2002, with several online first–party titles released alongside it, such as SOCOM: U.S. Navy SEALs to demonstrate its active support for Internet
Internet
play. Sony
Sony
also advertised heavily, and its online model had the support of Electronic Arts (EA); EA did not offer online Xbox titles until 2004. Although Sony
Sony
and Nintendo both started out late, and although both followed a decentralized model of online gaming where the responsibility is up to the developer to provide the servers, Sony's moves made online gaming a major selling point of the PS2.

In September 2004, in time for the launch of Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas , Sony
Sony
revealed a newer, slimmer PS2. In preparation for the launch of the new models (SCPH-700xx-9000x), Sony
Sony
stopped making the older models (SCPH-3000x-500xx) to let the distribution channel empty its stock of the units. After an apparent manufacturing issue – Sony reportedly underestimated demand – caused some initial slowdown in producing the new unit caused in part by shortages between the time the old units were cleared out and the new units were ready. The issue was compounded in Britain when a Russian oil tanker became stuck in the Suez Canal
Suez Canal
, blocking a ship from China carrying PS2s bound for the UK. During one week in November, British sales totalled 6,000 units – compared to 70,000 units a few weeks prior. There were shortages in more than 1,700 stores in North America
North America
on the day before Christmas.

HARDWARE

Main article: PlayStation
PlayStation
2 technical specifications

This section NEEDS ADDITIONAL CITATIONS FOR VERIFICATION . Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (July 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )

PlayStation
PlayStation
2 software is distributed on CD-ROM and DVD-ROM. In addition the console can play audio CDs and DVD
DVD
movies, and is backwards compatible with PlayStation
PlayStation
games. The PS2 also supports PlayStation
PlayStation
memory cards and controllers, although original PlayStation
PlayStation
memory cards only work with original PlayStation
PlayStation
games and the controllers may not support all functions (such as analog buttons) for PS2 games.

The standard PlayStation
PlayStation
2 memory card has an 8 MB capacity. There are a variety of non- Sony
Sony
manufactured memory cards available for the PlayStation
PlayStation
2, allowing for a memory capacity larger than the standard 8 MB.

The console also features USB
USB
and IEEE 1394 (Firewire) expansion ports. A hard disk drive can be installed in an expansion bay on the back of the console, and is required to play certain games, notably the popular Final Fantasy XI . This is only available on certain models.

The hardware uses the Emotion Engine CPU, a custom-designed processor based on the MIPS architecture with a floating point performance of 6.2 GFLOPS , and the custom-designed Graphics Synthesizer GPU, with a fillrate of 2.4 gigapixels/second, capable of rendering up to 75 million polygons per second. When accounting for features such as lighting , texture mapping , artificial intelligence , and game physics , it has a real-world performance of 3 million to 16 million polygons per second.

AUDIO/VIDEO

The PlayStation
PlayStation
2 may natively output video resolutions on SDTV
SDTV
and HDTV from 480i
480i
to 480p while other games, such as Gran Turismo 4 and Tourist Trophy are known to support up-scaled 1080i
1080i
resolution using any of the following standards: composite video (480i), S-Video (480i), RGB (480i/p), VGA
VGA
(for progressive scan games and PS2 Linux only), YPBPR component video (which display most original PlayStation games in their native 240p mode which most HDTV sets do not support), and D-Terminal . Cables are available for all of these signal types; these cables also output analog stereo audio. Additionally, an RF modulator is available for the system to connect to older TVs.

Digital ( S/PDIF ) audio may also be output by the console via its TOSLINK connector which outputs 5.1 channel sound.

RETAIL CONFIGURATIONS

Main article: PlayStation
PlayStation
2 retail configurations The PS2's controller, the DualShock 2 , had the same form factor as the PlayStation
PlayStation
DualShock .

The PS2 has undergone many revisions, some only of internal construction and others involving substantial external changes.

The PS2 is primarily differentiated between models featuring the original "fat" case design and "slimline" models, which were introduced at the end of 2004. In 2010, the Sony
Sony
Bravia KDL-22PX300 was made available to consumers. It was a 22" HD-Ready television which incorporated a built-in PlayStation
PlayStation
2.

The PS2 standard color is matte black. Several variations in color were produced in different quantities and regions, including ceramic white, light yellow, metallic blue (aqua), metallic silver, navy (star blue), opaque blue (astral blue), opaque black (midnight black), pearl white, sakura purple, satin gold, satin silver, snow white, super red, transparent blue (ocean blue), and also Limited Edition color Pink, which was distributed in some regions such as Oceania, and parts of Asia.

In September 2004, Sony
Sony
unveiled its third major hardware revision. Available in late October 2004, it was smaller, thinner, and quieter than the original versions and included a built-in Ethernet
Ethernet
port (in some markets it also had an integrated modem ). Due to its thinner profile, it did not contain the 3.5" expansion bay and therefore did not support the internal hard disk drive . It also lacked an internal power supply until a later revision (excluding the Japan
Japan
version), similar to the GameCube
GameCube
, and had a modified Multitap expansion. The removal of the expansion bay was criticized as a limitation due to the existence of titles such as Final Fantasy XI , which required the use of the HDD.

Sony
Sony
also manufactured a consumer device called the PSX that can be used as a digital video recorder and DVD
DVD
burner in addition to playing PS2 games. The device was released in Japan
Japan
on December 13, 2003, and was the first Sony
Sony
product to include the XrossMediaBar interface. It did not sell well in the Japanese market and was not released anywhere else.

DISC READ ERROR (DRE) LAWSUIT

A class action lawsuit was filed against Sony
Sony
Computer Entertainment America Inc. on July 16, 2002, in the Superior Court of California, County of San Mateo. The lawsuit addresses consumer reports of inappropriate "no disc error" (disc read error) messages and other problems associated with playing DVDs and CDs on the PlayStation
PlayStation
2.

Sony
Sony
settled its "disc read error" lawsuit by compensating the affected customers with USD $25, a free game from a specified list, and the reduced cost repair or replacement (at SCEA's discretion) of the damaged system. This settlement was subject to the courts' approval, and hearings began in the US and Canada on April 28, 2006, and May 11, 2006, respectively.

GAMES

See also: List of PlayStation
PlayStation
2 games , List of best-selling PlayStation
PlayStation
2 video games , List of PlayStation
PlayStation
games incompatible with PlayStation
PlayStation
2 , and List of PlayStation
PlayStation
2 games with HD support

PlayStation
PlayStation
2 software is distributed on CD-ROM and DVD-ROM; the two formats are differentiated by the color of their discs' bottoms, with CD-ROMs being blue and DVD-ROMs being silver. The PlayStation
PlayStation
2 offered some particularly high-profile exclusive games. Most main entries in the Grand Theft Auto , Final Fantasy , and Metal Gear Solid series were released exclusively for the console. Several series got their start on the PlayStation
PlayStation
2, including God of War , Ratchet "> PlayStation
PlayStation
2 online games have been developed to exclusively support broadband Internet
Internet
access. Xbox Live similarly requires a broadband Internet
Internet
connection.

RECEPTION

SALES

Main article: PlayStation
PlayStation
2 sales

The PlayStation
PlayStation
2 has sold over 150 million units worldwide as of March 31, 2012. In Europe, it has sold 48 million units as of May 6, 2008 according to Sony Computer Entertainment Europe, while in North America, it has sold 50 million units as of December 2008. In Japan, the PS2 has sold 21,454,325 units as of October 1, 2008, according to Famitsu
Famitsu
/ Enterbrain . In 2005, the PlayStation
PlayStation
2 became the fastest game console to reach 100 million units shipped, accomplishing the feat within 5 years and 9 months from its launch.

ACCESSORIES

Main article: PlayStation
PlayStation
2 accessories The EyeToy – a motion detecting camera

The PlayStation
PlayStation
2's DualShock 2 controller is largely identical to the PlayStation's DualShock , with the same basic functionality. However, it includes analog pressure sensitivity on the face, shoulder and D-pad buttons, replacing the digital buttons of the original. (These buttons would later become digital again with the release of the DualShock 4 . ) Like its predecessor, the DualShock 2 controller has force feedback , or "vibration" functionality. It is lighter and includes two more levels of vibration . The PlayStation
PlayStation
2 DVD remote control

GENERAL

The PlayStation
PlayStation
2 memory card

Optional hardware includes additional DualShock or DualShock 2 controllers, a PS2 DVD
DVD
remote control , an internal or external hard disk drive (HDD), a network adapter, horizontal and vertical stands, PlayStation
PlayStation
or PS2 memory cards , the multitap for PlayStation
PlayStation
or PS2, a USB
USB
motion camera ( EyeToy ), a USB
USB
keyboard and mouse , and a headset .

The original PS2 multitap (SCPH-10090) cannot be plugged into the newer slim models, as the multitap connects to the memory card slot as well as the controller slot and the memory card slot on the slimline is shallower. New slim-design multitaps (SCPH-70120) were manufactured for these models, however third-party adapters also exist to permit original multitaps to be used.

Early versions of the PS2 could be networked via an i.LINK port, though this had little game support and was dropped. Some third party manufacturers have created devices that allow disabled people to access the PS2 through ordinary switches etc.

Some third-party companies, such as JoyTech , have produced LCD monitor and speaker attachments for the PS2, which attach to the back of the console. These allow users to play games without access to a television as long as there is access to mains electricity or a similar power source. These screens can fold down onto the PS2 in a similar fashion to laptop screens.

MUSIC

SingStar microphones

There are many accessories for musical games, such as dance pads for Dance Dance Revolution , In the Groove , and Pump It Up titles and High School Musical 3: Senior Year Dance . Konami microphones for use with the Karaoke Revolution games, dual microphones (sold with and used exclusively for SingStar games), various "guitar" controllers (for the Guitar Freaks series and Guitar Hero series), the drum set controller (sold in a box set (or by itself) with a "guitar" controller and a USB
USB
microphone (for use with Rock Band and Guitar Hero series, World Tour and newer), and a taiko drum controller for Taiko: Drum Master .

CONTROLLERS

Specialized controllers include light guns ( GunCon ), fishing rod and reel controllers, a Dragon Quest VIII "slime" controller, a Final Fantasy X-2 "Tiny Bee" dual pistol controller, an Onimusha 3 katana controller, and a Resident Evil 4 chainsaw controller.

MOUSE AND KEYBOARD

Unlike the PlayStation, which requires the use of an official Sony PlayStation
PlayStation
Mouse to play mouse-compatible games, the few PS2 games with mouse support work with a standard USB
USB
mouse as well as a USB trackball . In addition, some of these games also support the usage of a USB
USB
keyboard for text input, game control (in lieu of a DualShock or DualShock 2 gamepad, in tandem with a USB
USB
mouse), or both.

HOMEBREW DEVELOPMENT

Main article: PlayStation
PlayStation
2 homebrew

Using homebrew programs, it is possible to play various audio and video file formats on a PS2. Homebrew programs can also be used to play patched backups of original PS2 DVD
DVD
games on unmodified consoles, and to install retail discs to an installed hard drive on older models. Homebrew emulators of older computer and gaming systems have been developed for the PS2.

Sony
Sony
released a Linux
Linux
-based operating system, Linux
Linux
for PlayStation 2 , for the PS2 in a package that also includes a keyboard , mouse , Ethernet
Ethernet
adapter and HDD. In Europe
Europe
and Australia, the PS2 comes with a free Yabasic interpreter on the bundled demo disc. This allows users to create simple programs for the PS2. A port of the NetBSD
NetBSD
project and BlackRhino GNU/ Linux
Linux
, an alternative Debian
Debian
-based distribution, are also available for the PS2.

SEE ALSO

* Sony
Sony
PlayStation
PlayStation
portal * Sony
Sony
portal * Video games portal

* GScube * Linux
Linux
for PlayStation
PlayStation
2 * PCSX2 PlayStation
PlayStation
2 (PS2) emulator for Microsoft
Microsoft
Windows, Linux, and macOS * PlayStation
PlayStation
Broadband
Broadband
Navigator

REFERENCES

* ^ プレイステーション2の日本国内での出荷が本日(2012年12月28日)で完了. FAMITSU (IN JAPANESE). ENTERBRAIN . DECEMBER 28, 2012. RETRIEVED DECEMBER 28, 2012. * ^ A B " PlayStation
PlayStation
2 manufacture ends after 12 years". The Guardian. January 4, 2013. Retrieved January 4, 2013. * ^ " Sony
Sony
stops shipping PlayStation
PlayStation
2 units in Japan". Rappler. December 29, 2012. Retrieved August 4, 2013. * ^ A B C Diefendorff, Keith (April 19, 1999). "Sony\'s Emotionally Charged Chip" (PDF). Microprocessor Report . 13 (5). * ^ Shiloy, Anton (February 26, 2007). " Sony
Sony
Removes Emotion Engine, Graphics Synthesizer from PAL PlayStation
PlayStation
3". X-bit labs. Archived from the original on October 26, 2016. Retrieved May 7, 2014.

* ^ Shimpi, Anand. "Rambus DRAM: Uncovering Facts & Burying Rumors". AnandTech. Archived from the original on February 19, 2017. Retrieved February 19, 2017. * ^ Perry, Douglass C. "The Untapped Power of PlayStation
PlayStation
2". IGN. Archived from the original on February 18, 2017. Retrieved February 18, 2017. * ^ Leadbetter, Richard (July 21, 2012). "Digital Foundry vs. PS2 Classics on PlayStation
PlayStation
3". Archived from the original on August 6, 2012. Retrieved February 19, 2017. * ^ Guinness World Records 2009 Gamer's Edition. pp. 108–109. ISBN 1-904994-45-8 . GTA: San Andreas is the best-selling PlayStation 2 game, with a massive 17.33 million copies sold. * ^ "PLAYSTATION2 sales reach 150 million units worldwide". Sony Computer Entertainment . February 14, 2011. Archived from the original on February 18, 2011. Retrieved February 14, 2011. * ^ Makuch, Eddie (February 15, 2011). "150 million PS2 units shipped worldwide – News at GameSpot". Asia.gamespot.com. Archived from the original on March 22, 2011. Retrieved March 27, 2011. * ^ "Letters". Next Generation . No. 22. Imagine Media . October 1996. p. 203. * ^ Whitehead, Dan (February 1, 2009). "Dreamcast: A Forensic Retrospective Article • Page • Articles • Retro •". Eurogamer.net. Retrieved October 21, 2012. * ^ " PlayStation
PlayStation
2 Timeline". GameSpy . p. 3. Archived from the original on June 4, 2004. Retrieved August 19, 2008. * ^ "A Look Back at the Sega
Sega
Dreamcast". Retrieved December 30, 2016. * ^ Perry, Douglass C. (September 20, 1999). "TGS 1999: Sony\'s Grand Showing". Retrieved December 30, 2016. * ^ "Roosevelt Creative Arts Middle School –". Retrieved December 30, 2016. * ^ Sony
Sony
Pulls in Over $250 Million at Launch. IGN. Retrieved on August 23, 2013. * ^ " PlayStation
PlayStation
2 Timeline". GameSpy . pp. 2–3. Archived from the original on June 4, 2004. Retrieved December 19, 2007. * ^ "PS2 history". gamesindustry.biz. November 22, 2006. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved September 25, 2007. * ^ " PlayStation
PlayStation
2 Timeline". GameSpy . p. 3. Archived from the original on June 4, 2004. Retrieved December 19, 2007. * ^ " PlayStation
PlayStation
2 Timeline". GameSpy . p. 2. Archived from the original on June 4, 2004. Retrieved December 19, 2007. * ^ What Ever Happened To The Dreamcast?. TechnoBuffalo. Retrieved on August 23, 2013. * ^ "Hardware Behind the Consoles - Part II: Nintendo\'s GameCube". AnandTech. Retrieved October 21, 2012. * ^ Morris, Chris (May 14, 2002). " Sony
Sony
slashes PlayStation
PlayStation
prices: Preemptive move undercuts competition and could spark video game price war". CNN. * ^ Gaither, Chris. " Sony
Sony
to Cut PlayStation
PlayStation
2 Price by $100." New York Times: 0. May 14, 2002. ProQuest. Web. July 29, 2013. * ^ " Sony
Sony
to Cut Price of PlayStation
PlayStation
2 in Japan
Japan
Market --- Move Follows Plan to Lower Cost of Product in U.S. by a Third." Asian Wall Street Journal: 0. May 15, 2002. ProQuest. Web. July 29, 2013. * ^ A B " Sony
Sony
to Cut Price of PlayStation
PlayStation
2 Game Console by 20 Percent." Knight Ridder Tribune Business News: 1. November 4, 2003. ProQuest. Web. July 29, 2013. * ^ Elliott, Valerie (December 9, 2004). "Merry Christmas, your PlayStation
PlayStation
2 is stuck in Suez". Times Online. News International. * ^ "2004 Holiday Sales Results Call". GameStop. Retrieved September 9, 2006. * ^ " Final Fantasy XI Review for PlayStation
PlayStation
2 – GameSpot". Uk.gamespot.com. March 23, 2004. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved November 11, 2010. * ^ A B Casamassina, Matt (November 3, 2000). "Gamecube Versus PlayStation
PlayStation
2". IGN. Retrieved November 14, 2014. * ^ Reaching for the limits of PS2 performance (page 32), SCEE , 2003 * ^ " Gran Turismo 4 - #9 Top PS2 Games". IGN. Retrieved March 1, 2016. * ^ Calvert, Justin (November 4, 2003). "PS2 price drop, new colors for Japan". GameSpot. Retrieved July 10, 2007. * ^ Fahey, Rob (March 9, 2004). " Sony
Sony
launches new PS2 colors in Japan". gamesindustry.biz. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved July 10, 2007. * ^ A list of all console colors and console Limited Editions. Consolecolors.com * ^ Sony
Sony
Settles PS2 "Disc Read Error" Class Action Gamasutra, November 10, 2005 * ^ "Cumulative Software
Software
Titles". Sony Computer Entertainment Inc. Archived from the original on 21 September 2008. Retrieved 19 September 2014. * ^ "Slimmer, Lighter PlayStation
PlayStation
3, new PlayStation
PlayStation
Network services, plenty of content and a great value price" (PDF) (Press release). Sony Computer Entertainment . August 18, 2009. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 2, 2009. Retrieved February 24, 2013. * ^ "PlayStation2 Worldwide Hardware Unit Sales". Sony
Sony
Computer Entertainment . Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved February 23, 2013. * ^ Ellie Gibson (May 6, 2008). "PS3 has outsold Xbox 360
Xbox 360
in Europe". Eurogamer . Retrieved October 25, 2008. * ^ Koller, John (January 15, 2009). "PS2 Sells Over 50 Million Units in North America, Breaks Console Sales Record". PlayStation.Blog. Retrieved January 17, 2009. * ^ Brightman, James (October 20, 2008). " Xbox 360
Xbox 360
Growth in Japan Has Topped All Platforms from March to September". GameDaily . AOL
AOL
. Archived from the original on March 16, 2010. Retrieved October 25, 2008. * ^ "Dual Shock 2 Review". IGN. September 27, 2001. Retrieved February 7, 2011. The biggest difference between the Dual Shock 2 and the original… all of the buttons and even the digital pad offer analog support. This means that the d-pad, the four face buttons and the four shift buttons are all pressure-sensitive and have 255 degrees of sensitivity. It is also worth noting that the Dual Shock 2 is a bit lighter than the original Dual Shock because it appears to have less in the way of gears for the vibration function of the controller. * ^ Cavalli, Earnest (October 24, 2013). " DualShock 4 drops analog buttons, citing lack of interest". Engadget. Retrieved August 16, 2015. * ^ " PlayStation
PlayStation
Knowledge Center Support - PlayStation.com". Us.playstation.com. January 10, 2011. Retrieved March 27, 2011. * ^ PS2 Emulators – http://www.sksapps.com/index.php?page=emus.html

* v * t * e

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Sony
Bank

TECHNOLOGIES AND BRANDS

* α (Alpha) * Betacam
Betacam
* Bionz * Blu-ray
Blu-ray
* BRAVIA * CD * Cell * Cyber-shot * Dash * Dream Machine * DVD
DVD
* Exmor * FeliCa * Handycam * HDCAM/HDCAM-SR * LocationFree * Memory Stick * MiniDisc * MiniDV * mylo * PlayStation
PlayStation
* Reader * S/PDIF * SDDS * SXRD * Sony
Sony
Tablet * Tunnel diode * TransferJet * UMD * Vaio
Vaio
* Video8/Hi8/Digital8 * Walkman
Walkman
* Walkman
Walkman
Phones * XDCAM * Xperia * HMZ-T1

HISTORICAL PRODUCTS

* AIBO
AIBO
* CV-2000 * DAT * Betamax
Betamax
* Sony
Sony
CLIÉ * Discman * Jumbotron * Lissa * Mavica * NEWS * Qualia * Rolly * TR-55 * Trinitron
Trinitron
* 1 inch Type C (BVH series ) * U-matic
U-matic
* Watchman * WEGA

ELECTRONICS

* Sony
Sony
Electronics (US subsidiary) * Sony
Sony
Energy Devices * Sony
Sony
Creative Software
Software
* FeliCa Networks (57%)

* v * t * e

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment

KEY PERSONNEL

* Andrew House * Shawn Layden * Shuhei Yoshida

* v * t * e

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment Worldwide Studios

FRANCHISES

* Ape Escape * Arc the Lad * ATV Offroad Fury * Boku no Natsuyasumi * Buzz! * Colony Wars * Cool Boarders * DanceStar Party * Dark Cloud * Destruction Derby * Devil Dice * Echochrome * EverQuest * Everybody\'s Golf * Everybody\'s Tennis * EyePet * EyeToy * FantaVision * Fat Princess
Fat Princess
* G-Police * Genji * God of War * Gran Turismo * Gravity Rush * Hustle Kings * Infamous * Invizimals * Jak and Daxter * Jet Moto * Jumping Flash! * Killzone * Knack * Legend of Legaia * Lemmings * LittleBigPlanet * LocoRoco * MediEvil * MLB: The Show * ModNation Racers * MotorStorm * Motor Toon Grand Prix * Ore no Shikabane wo Koete Yuke/ Oreshika * PaRappa the Rapper * Patapon * PlanetSide * Pursuit Force * Rally Cross * Ratchet border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Bend Studio * Foster City Studio * Japan
Japan
Studio * London Studio * San Diego Studio * Santa Monica Studio

SUBSIDIARIES

* Guerrilla Games * J.S.E.E.D. * PlayStation
PlayStation
C.A.M.P. * Team Gravity * Team Ico * Media Molecule * Naughty Dog
Naughty Dog
* PixelOpus * Polyphony Digital * Sucker Punch Productions * XDev

FORMER SUBSIDIARIES

* 989 Studios * Bigbig Studios * Contrail * Evolution Studios * Guerrilla Cambridge * Incognito Entertainment * Psygnosis * Team Soho * Zipper Interactive

* v * t * e

PlayStation
PlayStation

* Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment * Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment Worldwide Studios

CONSOLES

HOME CONSOLES

* PlayStation
PlayStation

* Models * Main hardware

* PlayStation
PlayStation
2

* Models * Main hardware

* PlayStation
PlayStation
3

* Models * Main hardware * System software

* PlayStation
PlayStation
4

* Main hardware * System software

HANDHELDS

* PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable

* System software

* PlayStation
PlayStation
Vita

* System software

MISCELLANEOUS

* PocketStation * PSX * PlayStation
PlayStation
TV

GAMES

PS1 GAMES

* Best-selling

* PS one Classics

* NA * PAL * JP

PS2 GAMES

* Best-selling * Online games * HD games * PS2 Classics for PS3 * PS2 games for PS4

PS3 GAMES

* Best-selling * Physical * Digital only * Physical and digital * 3D games * PS Move games * PS Now games

PS4 GAMES

* Best-selling * Physical * PSVR

PSP GAMES

* Physical and digital * System software compatibilities * PS Minis

OTHER

* PS Vita games

* A–L * M–Z

* PS Mobile games * TurboGrafx-16 Classics * NEOGEO Station * Classics HD

* Instant Game Collection

* NA * PAL * Asia
Asia
* Japan
Japan
* China

REPRINTS

* Greatest Hits * Essentials * The Best * BigHit Series

NETWORK

* PlayStation
PlayStation
Network * 2011 outage * Central Station * FirstPlay * PlayStation
PlayStation
App * PlayStation
PlayStation
Blog * PlayStation
PlayStation
Home * PlayStation
PlayStation
Mobile * PlayStation
PlayStation
Music * PlayStation
PlayStation
Now * PlayStation
PlayStation
Store * PlayStation
PlayStation
Video * PlayStation
PlayStation
Vue * PS2 online * Room for PSP * VidZone

ACCESSORIES

CONTROLLERS

* PlayStation
PlayStation
Controller * PlayStation
PlayStation
Mouse * Analog Joystick * Dual Analog * DualShock * Sixaxis * PlayStation
PlayStation
Move

CAMERAS

* EyeToy * Go!Cam
Go!Cam
* PlayStation
PlayStation
Eye * PlayStation
PlayStation
Camera

MISCELLANEOUS

* Multitap * Link Cable * PS2 accessories * PS2 Headset * PS3 accessories * PlayTV * Wonderbook * PlayStation
PlayStation
VR

KITS

* Net Yaroze * PS2 Linux
Linux
* GScube * OtherOS * Zego

MEDIA

MAGAZINES

* Official U.S. PlayStation
PlayStation
Magazine * PlayStation: The Official Magazine * PlayStation
PlayStation
Official Magazine – UK * PlayStation
PlayStation
Official Magazine – Australia
Australia
* PlayStation
PlayStation
Underground

ADVERTISEMENTS

* Double Life * Mountain * PlayStation
PlayStation
marketing

CHARACTERS

* Toro * Polygon Man * Kevin Butler * Marcus Rivers

ARCADE BOARDS

* Namco System 11 * System 12 * System 10 * System 246 * System 357

RELATED

* Super NES CD-ROM * Sony
Sony
Ericsson Xperia Play

* Category
Category
* Portal
Portal

OTHER

* Gaikai
Gaikai
* SN Systems * Cellius (49%) * Dimps

* Category
Category
* Portal
Portal

* v * t * e

Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment

KEY PERSONNEL

* Rob Stringer * Kevin Kelleher

FLAGSHIP

* Columbia Records
Columbia Records
* RCA Records
RCA Records
* Epic Records
Epic Records

SONY MUSIC NASHVILLE

* Columbia Nashville * Arista Nashville * RCA Records
RCA Records
Nashville * Provident Label Group

SONY MASTERWORKS

* Sony
Sony
Classical Records * Portrait Records * RCA Red Seal Records
RCA Red Seal Records
* Okeh Records
Okeh Records

SONY MUSIC ENTERTAINMENT JAPAN

* Epic Records
Epic Records
Japan
Japan
* Ki/oon Music * Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment Japan
Japan
* Ariola Japan
Japan
* BMG Japan
Japan
* mora * Sacra Music

* Aniplex

* Aniplex of America * A-1 Pictures

* Music On! TV

DISTRIBUTION

* The Orchard

* IODA * RED Distribution * Red Essential

OTHER LABELS

* RCA Inspiration * Phonogenic Records * Ultra Music * Century Media Records
Century Media Records
* Legacy Recordings * Black Butter Records * Kemosabe Records * Robbins Entertainment * Syco Music (50%) * Sony
Sony
Music Australia
Australia
* Sony
Sony
Music UK * Sony
Sony
Music India * Sony
Sony
Music Latin * Vevo * Volcano Entertainment

* v * t * e

Sony
Sony
Pictures Entertainment

KEY PERSONNEL

* Tony Vinciquerra * Thomas Rothman

Sony
Sony
Pictures Motion Picture Group

* Columbia Pictures
Columbia Pictures
* TriStar Pictures * TriStar Productions * Screen Gems * Sony
Sony
Pictures Classics * Sony
Sony
Pictures Releasing * Sony
Sony
Pictures Imageworks * Sony
Sony
Pictures Animation

* Sony
Sony
Pictures Worldwide Acquisitions

* Destination Films * Stage 6 Films * Affirm Films

* Sony
Sony
Pictures Home Entertainment

* Sony
Sony
Wonder

Sony
Sony
Pictures Television

U.S. PRODUCTION

* Adelaide Productions

* Sony
Sony
Crackle

* The Minisode Network

* Culver Entertainment * Embassy Row * TriStar Television

U.S. DISTRIBUTION

* Funimation (95%)

INTERNATIONAL PRODUCTION

* 2waytraffic * Left Bank Pictures
Left Bank Pictures
* Playmaker Media * Stellify Media * Teleset

TV CHANNELS border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* v * t * e

Sony
Sony
Pictures Television TV channels and VOD platforms

O = online VOD platform

AMERICAS

US NETWORKS Sony
Sony
Movie Channel GSN (58% joint venture with ATborder-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

Indian sub-continent

* v * t * e

Sony
Sony
Pictures Networks India Pvt. Ltd.

HINDI ENTERTAINMENT

* SET

* International

* Sony
Sony
Sab * Sony
Sony
Max * Sony
Sony
Max 2 * Sony
Sony
Pal * Sony
Sony
Wah

ENGLISH ENTERTAINMENT

* AXN * Sony
Sony
Le Plex * Sony
Sony
Pix

BENGALI ENTERTAINMENT

* Sony
Sony
Aath

SPORTS

* Sony
Sony
Six * Sony
Sony
ESPN (50%; Joint venture with ESPN Inc. )

* Sony
Sony
Ten

* Sony
Sony
Ten 1 * Sony
Sony
Ten 2 * Sony
Sony
Ten 3 * Sony
Sony
Ten Golf

Acquisition pending TEN Sports Pakistan TEN Cricket
TEN Cricket
International

MUSIC

* Sony
Sony
Mix * Sony
Sony
Rox

OTHER CHANNELS

* Sony
Sony
BBC Earth (50%; Joint venture with BBC Worldwide
BBC Worldwide
) * Sony
Sony
Yay

OTHER BUSINESSES

* Sony
Sony
LIV (Online VOD platform)

JAPAN Animax Animax PlusO AXN AXN Mystery AXN PlusO Star Channel (25% joint venture with News Corporation
News Corporation
, Tohokushinsha Film , and Itochu
Itochu
)

SOUTH KOREA Animax (50% joint venture with KT SkyLife
KT SkyLife
) Animax PlusO AXN (50% joint venture with IHQ )

TAIWAN AXN Animax Animax HD

south-east Asia
Asia
Animax AXN Gem south-east Asia
Asia
(50% joint venture with Nippon Television Network Corporation ) Vietnam Sony
Sony
Channel Sony One Defunct AXN Beyond BeTV

Europe, Middle East, Africa (EMEA)

GERMANY Animax O AXN Sony
Sony
Channel Defunct Animax (linear television)

ITALY Cine Sony
Sony
Pop Defunct AXN AXN Sci Fi

The Netherlands Film1 Film1 Action Film1 Drama Film1 Family Film1 Premiere Defunct Film1 Festival Film1 Sundance

PORTUGAL AXN AXN Black AXN White Defunct Animax

RUSSIA Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Turbo Sony
Sony
Sci-Fi

SPAIN AXN AXN SyncO AXN White Defunct Animax

TURKEY

* Sony
Sony
Channel * Sony
Sony
Çocuk * Planet Mutfak * Planet Türk

UK border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* v * t * e

Television channels in the United Kingdom and Ireland operated by Sony
Sony
Pictures Television

Including CSC Media Group television channels

ENTERTAINMENT CHANNELS Movies4Men Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Crime Channel Sony
Sony
Movie Channel TruTV CSC True Entertainment True Movies

MUSIC CHANNELS CSC Chart Show TV Chart Show Hits Scuzz Starz TV The Vault

CHILDREN\'S CHANNELS CSC Pop Pop Max Tiny Pop

FORMER CHANNELS More Than Movies Movies4Men 2 CSC The Amp
The Amp
AnimeCentral Bliss BuzMuzik
BuzMuzik
Chart Shop TV Flaunt Flava MinX NME TV Pop Girl Pop Plus Showcase TV True Drama True Movies 2

MISCELLANEOUS

* Sony
Sony
Pictures Television * animaxtv.co.uk (VOD)

BALTICS Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Turbo

CEE AXN Adria Hungary AXN NowO AXN Black AXN Spin AXN White Sony
Sony
Max Sony
Sony
Movie Channel Viasat
Viasat
Hungary Viasat
Viasat
3 Viasat
Viasat
6 Defunct Animax AXN Crime

MIDDLE EAST AXN Middle East Arabic English Defunct AXN Israel

PAN-AFRICA Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
MAX True Movies Defunct Animax

OTHER

* Sony
Sony
Pictures Digital

* Sony
Sony
Pictures Mobile

* Sony
Sony
Pictures Entertainment Japan
Japan
* Sony
Sony
Pictures Family Entertainment Group * Sony
Sony
Pictures Studios * Madison Gate Records

DEFUNCT

* Columbia Pictures
Columbia Pictures
Television * Columbia TriStar Television * Merv Griffin Enterprises * ELP Communications

ONLINE DISTRIBUTION PLATFORMS

* PlayStation
PlayStation
Network ( PlayStation
PlayStation
Music * PlayStation
PlayStation
Now * PlayStation
PlayStation
Store * PlayStation
PlayStation
Video * PlayStation
PlayStation
Plus * PlayStation
PlayStation
Vue ) * The Minisode Network * Sony
Sony
Crackle * Sony
Sony
Liv

OTHER BUSINESSES

* Sony
Sony
DADC * Sony
Sony
Network Communications * Sony
Sony
Professional Solutions * M3 (39.4%) * Sony/ATV Music Publishing * EMI Music Publishing (19%) * Vaio
Vaio
(4.9%)

OTHER ASSETS

* Sony
Sony
Corporation of America (umbrella company in the US) * Other subsidiaries * List of acquisitions

NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS

* Sony
Sony
Institute of Higher Education Shohoku College

OTHER

* History of Sony
Sony
* Sony
Sony
Toshiba IBM Center of Competence for the Cell Processor

* v * t * e

Video game consoles (sixth generation )

TYPES

* Home video game console

* list

* Handheld game console
Handheld game console

* list

* Microconsole

* list

* Dedicated console

* list

GENERATIONS

* First (1972–80) * Second (1976–92) * Third (1983–2003) * Fourth (1987–2004) * Fifth (1993–2005) * Sixth (1998–2013) * Seventh (2005–) * Eighth (2012–)

Sixth generation

HOME

* DISCover * Dreamcast
Dreamcast

* GameCube
GameCube

* Panasonic Q
Panasonic Q

* Nuon * PlayStation
PlayStation
2 * V.Smile * Xbox

HANDHELD

* Game Boy Advance family

* Game Boy Advance * Advance SP * Micro

* GP32

* N-Gage

* QD

* Neo Geo Pocket Color * Tapwave Zodiac

DEDICATED

* Pocket Dream Console

← Fifth generation Seventh generation →

* Emulator * Game * History * List * Manufacturer

* v * t * e

Home video game consoles

ATARI

* Atari 2600
Atari 2600
* Atari 5200 * Atari 7800 * Atari XEGS
Atari XEGS
* Atari Jaguar * Ataribox

BANDAI

* Super Vision 8000 * Arcadia * RX-78 * Playdia * Apple Bandai
Bandai
Pippin

CASIO

* PV-1000 * Casio
Casio
Loopy

COMMODORE

* Commodore 64 Games System * Commodore CDTV * Amiga CD32
Amiga CD32

MATTEL

* Intellivision
Intellivision
* HyperScan

MICROSOFT

* Xbox * Xbox 360
Xbox 360
* Xbox One
Xbox One

NEC
NEC

* TurboGrafx-16 * PC-FX
PC-FX

NINTENDO

* NES * SNES * N64 * GameCube
GameCube
* Wii
Wii
* Wii
Wii
U * Switch

PHILIPS

* Magnavox Odyssey * Odyssey² * Videopac + G7400 * Philips
Philips
CD-i

SEGA

* SG-1000 * Master System * Sega
Sega
Genesis * Sega
Sega
Saturn * Dreamcast
Dreamcast

SNK

* Neo Geo * Neo Geo CD

SONY

* PlayStation
PlayStation
* PlayStation
PlayStation
2 * PSX * PlayStation
PlayStation
3 * PlayStation
PlayStation
4

VTECH

* VTech
VTech
CreatiVision * Socrates * V.Smile * V.Flash

OTHERS

1970S

* APF-MP1000 * Bally Astrocade * Fairchild Channel F * RCA Studio II * Interton VC 4000 / 1292 Advanced Programmable Video System

1980S

* Action Max * Arcadia 2001 * ColecoVision
ColecoVision
* Epoch Cassette Vision * Super Cassette Vision * RDI Halcyon * Vectrex * View-Master Interactive Vision

1990S

* 3DO Interactive Multiplayer * Amstrad GX4000 * CPS Changer * FM Towns Marty * LaserActive * Super A\'Can

2000S

* DISCover * EVO Smart Console * Game Wave * Nuon * XaviXPORT * Zeebo

List

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* GND :

.