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The PlayStation
PlayStation
2 (PS2) is a home video game console that was developed by Sony
Sony
Computer Entertainment. It is the successor to the PlayStation
PlayStation
and is the second installment in the PlayStation
PlayStation
lineup of consoles. It was released on March 4, 2000, in Japan; October 26, 2000, in North America; November 24, 2000, in Europe; and November 17, 2000, in Australia. It competed with Sega's Dreamcast, Microsoft's Xbox, and Nintendo's GameCube
GameCube
in the sixth generation of video game consoles. Announced in 1999, the PlayStation
PlayStation
2 was the first PlayStation
PlayStation
console to offer backwards compatibility for its predecessor's DualShock controller, as well as for its games. The PlayStation
PlayStation
2 is the best-selling video game console of all time, in front of the Nintendo DS, selling over 155 million units, with 150 million confirmed by Sony in 2011.[10] More than 3,874 game titles have been released for the PS2 since launch, and more than 1.5 billion copies have been sold.[11] Sony
Sony
later manufactured several smaller, lighter revisions of the console known as Slimline models in 2004 and well on, and in 2006, announced and launched its successor, the PlayStation
PlayStation
3. Even with the release of its successor, the PlayStation
PlayStation
2 remained popular well into the seventh generation and continued to be produced until January 4, 2013, when Sony
Sony
finally announced that the PlayStation
PlayStation
2 had been discontinued after 13 years of production – one of the longest runs for a video game console. Despite the announcement, new games for the console continued to be produced until the end of 2013, including Final Fantasy
Final Fantasy
XI: Seekers of Adoulin for Japan, Pro Evolution Soccer 2014
Pro Evolution Soccer 2014
for North America
North America
and Europe, and FIFA 14
FIFA 14
for Brazil.

Contents

1 History 2 Hardware

2.1 Audio/video 2.2 Retail configurations 2.3 Disc Read Error (DRE) lawsuit

3 Games 4 Online functionality 5 Reception

5.1 Sales

6 Accessories

6.1 General 6.2 Music 6.3 Controllers 6.4 Mouse and Keyboard

7 Homebrew development 8 See also 9 References

History[edit] Though Sony
Sony
has kept details of the PlayStation
PlayStation
2's development secret, work on the console began around the time that the original PlayStation
PlayStation
was released (in late 1994).[12] By 1997 word had leaked to the press that the console would have backwards compatibility with the original PlayStation, a built-in DVD
DVD
player, and Internet connectivity.[13] Sony
Sony
announced the PlayStation
PlayStation
2 (PS2) on March 1, 1999. The video game console was positioned as a competitor to Sega's Dreamcast, the first sixth-generation console to be released, although ultimately the main rivals of the PS2 were Nintendo's GameCube
GameCube
and Microsoft's Xbox.[14][15] The Dreamcast
Dreamcast
itself launched very successfully in North America
North America
later that year, selling over 500,000 units within two weeks.[16] Soon after the Dreamcast's North American launch, Sony
Sony
unveiled the PlayStation
PlayStation
2 at the Tokyo Game Show
Tokyo Game Show
on September 20, 1999.[17] Sony showed fully playable demos of upcoming PlayStation
PlayStation
2 games including Gran Turismo 2000
Gran Turismo 2000
(later released as Gran Turismo 3: A-Spec) and Tekken Tag Tournament – which showed the console's graphic abilities and power.[18] The PS2 was launched in March 2000 in Japan, October in North America, and November in Europe. Sales of the console, games and accessories pulled in $250 million on the first day, beating the $97 million made on the first day of the Dreamcast.[19] Directly after its release, it was difficult to find PS2 units on retailer shelves[20] due to manufacturing delays.[21] Another option was purchasing the console online through auction websites such as eBay, where people paid over a thousand dollars for the console.[22] The PS2 initially sold well partly on the basis of the strength of the PlayStation
PlayStation
brand and the console's backward compatibility, selling over 980,000 units in Japan by March 5, 2000, one day after launch.[23] This allowed the PS2 to tap the large install base established by the PlayStation – another major selling point over the competition. Later, Sony
Sony
added new development kits for game developers and more PS2 units for consumers. The PS2's built-in functionality also expanded its audience beyond the gamer,[2] as its debut pricing was the same or less than a standalone DVD
DVD
player. This made the console a low cost entry into the home theater market.[24] The success of the PS2 at the end of 2000 caused Sega
Sega
problems both financially and competitively, and Sega
Sega
announced the discontinuation of the Dreamcast
Dreamcast
in March 2001, just 18 months after its successful launch. The PS2 remained as the only active sixth generation console for over 6 months, before it would face competition from newer rivals; Nintendo's GameCube
GameCube
and Microsoft's Xbox, which were then released. Many analysts predicted a close three-way matchup among the three consoles; the Xbox having the most powerful hardware, while the GameCube
GameCube
was the least expensive console, and Nintendo
Nintendo
changed its policy to encourage third-party developers. While the PlayStation
PlayStation
2 theoretically had the weakest specification of the three, it had a head start due to its installed base plus strong developer commitment, as well as a built-in DVD
DVD
player (the Xbox required an adapter, while the GameCube
GameCube
lacked support entirely).[25] While the PlayStation
PlayStation
2's initial games lineup was considered mediocre, this changed during the 2001 holiday season with the release of several blockbuster games that maintained the PS2's sales momentum and held off its newer rivals. Sony
Sony
also countered the Xbox by temporarily securing PlayStation
PlayStation
2 exclusives for highly anticipated games such as the Grand Theft Auto series and Metal Gear Solid
Metal Gear Solid
2: Sons of Liberty.[26] Sony
Sony
cut the price of the console in May 2002 from US$299 to $199 in North America,[27] making it the same price as the GameCube
GameCube
and $100 less than the Xbox. It also planned to cut the price in Japan
Japan
around that time.[28] It cut the price twice in Japan
Japan
in 2003.[29] In 2006, Sony
Sony
cut the cost of the console in anticipation of the release of the PlayStation
PlayStation
3.[29] Sony, unlike Sega
Sega
with its Dreamcast, originally placed little emphasis on online gaming during its first few years, although that changed upon the launch of the online-capable Xbox. Coinciding with the release of Xbox Live, Sony
Sony
released the PlayStation
PlayStation
Network Adapter in late 2002, with several online first–party titles released alongside it, such as SOCOM: U.S. Navy SEALs to demonstrate its active support for Internet
Internet
play.[citation needed] Sony
Sony
also advertised heavily, and its online model had the support of Electronic Arts (EA); EA did not offer online Xbox titles until 2004. Although Sony
Sony
and Nintendo
Nintendo
both started out late, and although both followed a decentralized model of online gaming where the responsibility is up to the developer to provide the servers, Sony's moves made online gaming a major selling point of the PS2. In September 2004, in time for the launch of Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas, Sony
Sony
revealed a newer, slimmer PS2. In preparation for the launch of the new models (SCPH-700xx-9000x), Sony
Sony
stopped making the older models (SCPH-3000x-500xx) to let the distribution channel empty its stock of the units.[citation needed] After an apparent manufacturing issue – Sony
Sony
reportedly underestimated demand – caused some initial slowdown in producing the new unit caused in part by shortages between the time the old units were cleared out and the new units were ready. The issue was compounded in Britain when a Russian oil tanker became stuck in the Suez Canal, blocking a ship from China carrying PS2s bound for the UK. During one week in November, British sales totalled 6,000 units – compared to 70,000 units a few weeks prior.[30] There were shortages in more than 1,700 stores in North America
North America
on the day before Christmas.[31] Hardware[edit] Main article: PlayStation
PlayStation
2 technical specifications

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PlayStation
PlayStation
2 software is distributed on CD-ROM and DVD-ROM. In addition the console can play audio CDs and DVD
DVD
movies, and is backwards compatible with PlayStation
PlayStation
games. The PS2 also supports PlayStation
PlayStation
memory cards and controllers, although original PlayStation
PlayStation
memory cards only work with original PlayStation
PlayStation
games and the controllers may not support all functions (such as analog buttons) for PS2 games. The standard PlayStation
PlayStation
2 memory card has an 8 MB capacity. There are a variety of non- Sony
Sony
manufactured memory cards available for the PlayStation 2, allowing for a memory capacity larger than the standard 8 MB. The console also features USB
USB
and IEEE 1394
IEEE 1394
(Firewire) expansion ports. A hard disk drive can be installed in an expansion bay on the back of the console, and is required to play certain games, notably the popular Final Fantasy
Final Fantasy
XI.[32] This is only available on certain models. The hardware uses the Emotion Engine
Emotion Engine
CPU, a custom-designed processor based on the MIPS architecture with a floating point performance of 6.2 GFLOPS, and the custom-designed Graphics Synthesizer
Graphics Synthesizer
GPU, with a fillrate of 2.4 gigapixels/second, capable of rendering up to 75 million polygons per second.[33] When accounting for features such as lighting, texture mapping, artificial intelligence, and game physics, it has a real-world performance of 3 million to 16 million polygons per second.[33][34] Audio/video[edit] The PlayStation
PlayStation
2 may natively output video resolutions on SDTV
SDTV
and HDTV from 480i
480i
to 480p while other games, such as Gran Turismo 4
Gran Turismo 4
and Tourist Trophy are known to support up-scaled 1080i
1080i
resolution[35] using any of the following standards: composite video (480i), S-Video (480i), RGB (480i/p), VGA
VGA
(for progressive scan games and PS2 Linux only), YPBPR component video (which display most original PlayStation games in their native 240p mode which most HDTV sets do not support), and D-Terminal. Cables are available for all of these signal types; these cables also output analog stereo audio. Additionally, an RF modulator is available for the system to connect to older TVs. Digital (S/PDIF) audio may also be output by the console via its TOSLINK
TOSLINK
connector which outputs 5.1 channel sound. Retail configurations[edit] Main article: PlayStation
PlayStation
2 retail configurations

The PS2's controller, the DualShock
DualShock
2, had the same form factor as the PlayStation
PlayStation
DualShock.

The PS2 has undergone many revisions, some only of internal construction and others involving substantial external changes. The PS2 is primarily differentiated between models featuring the original "fat" case design and "slimline" models, which were introduced at the end of 2004. In 2010, the Sony
Sony
Bravia KDL-22PX300 was made available to consumers. It was a 22" HD-Ready television which incorporated a built-in PlayStation
PlayStation
2. The PS2 standard color is matte black. Several variations in color were produced in different quantities and regions, including ceramic white, light yellow, metallic blue (aqua), metallic silver, navy (star blue), opaque blue (astral blue), opaque black (midnight black), pearl white, sakura purple, satin gold, satin silver, snow white, super red, transparent blue (ocean blue), and also Limited Edition color Pink, which was distributed in some regions such as Oceania, and parts of Asia.[36][37][38] In September 2004, Sony
Sony
unveiled its third major hardware revision. Available in late October 2004, it was smaller, thinner, and quieter than the original versions and included a built-in Ethernet
Ethernet
port (in some markets it also had an integrated modem). Due to its thinner profile, it did not contain the 3.5" expansion bay and therefore did not support the internal hard disk drive. It also lacked an internal power supply until a later revision (excluding the Japan
Japan
version), similar to the GameCube, and had a modified Multitap
Multitap
expansion. The removal of the expansion bay was criticized as a limitation due to the existence of titles such as Final Fantasy
Final Fantasy
XI, which required the use of the HDD. Sony
Sony
also manufactured a consumer device called the PSX that can be used as a digital video recorder and DVD
DVD
burner in addition to playing PS2 games. The device was released in Japan
Japan
on December 13, 2003, and was the first Sony
Sony
product to include the XrossMediaBar
XrossMediaBar
interface. It did not sell well in the Japanese market and was not released anywhere else. Disc Read Error (DRE) lawsuit[edit] A class action lawsuit was filed against Sony
Sony
Computer Entertainment America Inc. on July 16, 2002, in the Superior Court of California, County of San Mateo. The lawsuit addresses consumer reports of inappropriate "no disc error" (disc read error) messages and other problems associated with playing DVDs and CDs on the PlayStation
PlayStation
2. Sony
Sony
settled its "disc read error" lawsuit by compensating the affected customers with USD $25, a free game from a specified list, and the reduced cost repair or replacement (at SCEA's discretion) of the damaged system. This settlement was subject to the courts' approval, and hearings began in the US and Canada on April 28, 2006, and May 11, 2006, respectively.[39] Games[edit] See also: List of PlayStation
PlayStation
2 games, List of best-selling PlayStation
PlayStation
2 video games, List of PlayStation
PlayStation
games incompatible with PlayStation
PlayStation
2, and List of PlayStation
PlayStation
2 games with HD support PlayStation
PlayStation
2 software is distributed on CD-ROM and DVD-ROM; the two formats are differentiated by the color of their discs' bottoms, with CD-ROMs being blue and DVD-ROMs being silver. The PlayStation
PlayStation
2 offered some particularly high-profile exclusive games. Most main entries in the Grand Theft Auto, Final Fantasy, and Metal Gear Solid series were released exclusively for the console. Several series got their start on the PlayStation
PlayStation
2, including God of War, Ratchet & Clank, Jak and Daxter, Devil May Cry, and Kingdom Hearts. Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas was the best-selling game on the console. Game releases peaked in 2004, but declined with the release of the PlayStation
PlayStation
3 in 2006. The last new game for the console in Asia is Final Fantasy
Final Fantasy
XI: Seekers of Adoulin, in North America
North America
and Europe
Europe
is Pro Evolution Soccer 2014, and in South America is FIFA 14. As of 30 June 2007, a total of 10,035 software titles have been released worldwide (counting games released in multiple regions as separate titles).[40] Online functionality[edit] Main article: PlayStation
PlayStation
2 online functionality See also: List of PlayStation
PlayStation
2 online games PlayStation
PlayStation
2 users had the option to play select games over the Internet, using a broadband Internet
Internet
connection and a PlayStation
PlayStation
2 Network Adaptor. Instead of having a unified, subscription-based online service like Xbox Live
Xbox Live
as competitor Microsoft
Microsoft
later chose for its Xbox console, online multiplayer functionality on the PlayStation 2 was the responsibility of the game publisher and ran on third-party servers. Most recent[when?] PlayStation
PlayStation
2 online games have been developed to exclusively support broadband Internet
Internet
access. Xbox Live similarly requires a broadband Internet
Internet
connection. Reception[edit] Sales[edit] Main article: PlayStation
PlayStation
2 sales The PlayStation
PlayStation
2 has sold over 150 million units worldwide as of March 31, 2012.[41][42] In Europe, it has sold 48 million units as of May 6, 2008, according to Sony Computer Entertainment
Sony Computer Entertainment
Europe,[43] while in North America, it has sold 50 million units as of December 2008.[44] In Japan, the PS2 has sold 21,454,325 units as of October 1, 2008, according to Famitsu/Enterbrain.[45] In 2005, the PlayStation
PlayStation
2 became the fastest game console to reach 100 million units shipped, accomplishing the feat within 5 years and 9 months from its launch. Accessories[edit] Main article: PlayStation
PlayStation
2 accessories

The EyeToy – a motion detecting camera

The PlayStation
PlayStation
2's DualShock 2
DualShock 2
controller is largely identical to the PlayStation's DualShock, with the same basic functionality. However, it includes analog pressure sensitivity on the face, shoulder and D-pad buttons, replacing the digital buttons of the original.[46] (These buttons would later become digital again with the release of the DualShock
DualShock
4.[47]) Like its predecessor, the DualShock 2
DualShock 2
controller has force feedback, or "vibration" functionality. It is lighter and includes two more levels of vibration.

The PlayStation
PlayStation
2 DVD
DVD
remote control

General[edit]

The PlayStation
PlayStation
2 memory card

Optional hardware includes additional DualShock
DualShock
or DualShock
DualShock
2 controllers, a PS2 DVD
DVD
remote control, an internal or external hard disk drive (HDD), a network adapter, horizontal and vertical stands, PlayStation
PlayStation
or PS2 memory cards, the multitap for PlayStation
PlayStation
or PS2, a USB
USB
motion camera (EyeToy), a USB
USB
keyboard and mouse, and a headset. The original PS2 multitap (SCPH-10090) cannot be plugged into the newer slim models, as the multitap connects to the memory card slot as well as the controller slot and the memory card slot on the slimline is shallower. New slim-design multitaps (SCPH-70120) were manufactured for these models, however third-party adapters also exist to permit original multitaps to be used. Early versions of the PS2 could be networked via an i.LINK port, though this had little game support and was dropped. Some third party manufacturers have created devices that allow disabled people to access the PS2 through ordinary switches etc. Some third-party companies, such as JoyTech, have produced LCD
LCD
monitor and speaker attachments for the PS2, which attach to the back of the console. These allow users to play games without access to a television as long as there is access to mains electricity or a similar power source. These screens can fold down onto the PS2 in a similar fashion to laptop screens.

Music[edit]

SingStar
SingStar
microphones

There are many accessories for musical games, such as dance pads for Dance Dance Revolution, In the Groove, and Pump It Up titles and High School Musical 3: Senior Year Dance. Konami
Konami
microphones for use with the Karaoke Revolution
Karaoke Revolution
games, dual microphones (sold with and used exclusively for SingStar
SingStar
games), various "guitar" controllers (for the Guitar Freaks
Guitar Freaks
series and Guitar Hero
Guitar Hero
series), the drum set controller (sold in a box set (or by itself) with a "guitar" controller and a USB microphone (for use with Rock Band
Rock Band
and Guitar Hero
Guitar Hero
series, World Tour and newer), and a taiko drum controller for Taiko: Drum Master. Controllers[edit] Specialized controllers include light guns (GunCon), fishing rod and reel controllers, a Dragon Quest VIII
Dragon Quest VIII
"slime" controller, a Final Fantasy X-2 "Tiny Bee" dual pistol controller, an Onimusha 3
Onimusha 3
katana controller, and a Resident Evil 4
Resident Evil 4
chainsaw controller. Mouse and Keyboard[edit] Unlike the PlayStation, which requires the use of an official Sony PlayStation
PlayStation
Mouse to play mouse-compatible games, the few PS2 games with mouse support work with a standard USB
USB
mouse as well as a USB trackball.[48] In addition, some of these games also support the usage of a USB
USB
keyboard for text input, game control (in lieu of a DualShock or DualShock 2
DualShock 2
gamepad, in tandem with a USB
USB
mouse), or both. Homebrew development[edit] Main article: PlayStation
PlayStation
2 homebrew Using homebrew programs, it is possible to play various audio and video file formats on a PS2. Homebrew programs can also be used to play patched backups of original PS2 DVD
DVD
games on unmodified consoles, and to install retail discs to an installed hard drive on older models. Homebrew emulators of older computer and gaming systems have been developed for the PS2.[49] Sony
Sony
released a Linux-based operating system, Linux
Linux
for PlayStation
PlayStation
2, for the PS2 in a package that also includes a keyboard, mouse, Ethernet
Ethernet
adapter and HDD. In Europe
Europe
and Australia, the PS2 comes with a free Yabasic
Yabasic
interpreter on the bundled demo disc. This allows users to create simple programs for the PS2. A port of the NetBSD
NetBSD
project and BlackRhino GNU/Linux, an alternative Debian-based distribution, are also available for the PS2. See also[edit]

Sony
Sony
PlayStation
PlayStation
portal Sony
Sony
portal Video games portal

GScube Linux
Linux
for PlayStation
PlayStation
2 PCSX2
PCSX2
PlayStation
PlayStation
2 (PS2) emulator for Microsoft
Microsoft
Windows, Linux, and macOS PlayStation
PlayStation
Broadband
Broadband
Navigator

References[edit]

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Famitsu
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PlayStation
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Sony
stops shipping PlayStation
PlayStation
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Sony
Removes Emotion Engine, Graphics Synthesizer
Graphics Synthesizer
from PAL PlayStation
PlayStation
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PlayStation
2 game, with a massive 17.33 million copies sold.  ^ "PLAYSTATION2 sales reach 150 million units worldwide". Sony Computer Entertainment. February 14, 2011. Archived from the original on February 18, 2011. Retrieved February 14, 2011.  ^ Makuch, Eddie (February 15, 2011). "150 million PS2 units shipped worldwide – News at GameSpot". Asia.gamespot.com. Archived from the original on March 22, 2011. Retrieved March 27, 2011.  ^ "Letters". Next Generation. No. 22. Imagine Media. October 1996. p. 203.  ^ "Gaming Gossip". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 93. Ziff Davis. April 1997. p. 28.  ^ Whitehead, Dan (February 1, 2009). "Dreamcast: A Forensic Retrospective Article • Page • Articles • Retro •". Eurogamer.net. Retrieved October 21, 2012.  ^ " PlayStation
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Sega
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Pulls in Over $250 Million at Launch. IGN. Retrieved on August 23, 2013. ^ " PlayStation
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slashes PlayStation
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v t e

PlayStation

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment SIE Worldwide Studios

Consoles

Home consoles

PlayStation

Models Main hardware

PlayStation
PlayStation
2

Models Main hardware

PlayStation
PlayStation
3

Models Main hardware System software

PlayStation
PlayStation
4

Main hardware System software

Handhelds

PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable

System software

PlayStation
PlayStation
Vita

System software

Miscellaneous

PocketStation PSX PlayStation
PlayStation
TV

Games

PS1 games

A–L M–Z Best-selling PS one Classics

NA PAL JP

PS2 games

Best-selling Online games HD games PS2 Classics for PS3 PS2 games for PS4

PS3 games

Best-selling Physical Digital only Physical and digital 3D games PS Move games PS Now games

PS4 games

Best-selling PSVR

PSP games

Physical and digital System software compatibilities PS Minis

Other

PS Vita games

A–L M–Z

PS Mobile games TurboGrafx-16
TurboGrafx-16
Classics NEOGEO Station Classics HD Instant Game Collection

NA PAL Asia Japan China

Reprints

Greatest Hits Essentials The Best BigHit Series

Network

PlayStation
PlayStation
Network 2011 outage Central Station FirstPlay PlayStation
PlayStation
App PlayStation
PlayStation
Blog PlayStation
PlayStation
Home PlayStation
PlayStation
Mobile PlayStation
PlayStation
Music PlayStation
PlayStation
Now PlayStation
PlayStation
Store PlayStation
PlayStation
Video PlayStation
PlayStation
Vue PS2 online Room for PSP VidZone

Accessories

Controllers

PlayStation
PlayStation
Controller PlayStation
PlayStation
Mouse Analog Joystick Dual Analog DualShock Sixaxis PlayStation
PlayStation
Move

Cameras

EyeToy Go!Cam PlayStation
PlayStation
Eye PlayStation
PlayStation
Camera

Miscellaneous

Multitap Link Cable PS2 accessories PS2 Headset PS3 accessories PlayTV Wonderbook PlayStation
PlayStation
VR

Kits

Net Yaroze PS2 Linux GScube OtherOS Zego

Media

Magazines

Official U.S. PlayStation
PlayStation
Magazine PlayStation: The Official Magazine PlayStation
PlayStation
Official Magazine – UK PlayStation
PlayStation
Official Magazine – Australia PlayStation
PlayStation
Underground

Advertisements

Double Life Mountain PlayStation
PlayStation
marketing

Characters

Toro Polygon Man Kevin Butler Marcus Rivers

Arcade boards

Namco System 11 System 12 System 10 System 246 System 357

Related

Super NES CD-ROM Sony
Sony
Ericsson Xperia Play

Category Portal

v t e

Sony

Founders

Masaru Ibuka Akio Morita

Key personnel

Kaz Hirai
Kaz Hirai
(Chairman) Kenichiro Yoshida (President and CEO)

Primary businesses

Sony
Sony
Corporation Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment

PlayStation

Sony
Sony
Mobile Sony
Sony
Entertainment

Sony
Sony
Pictures Entertainment Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment Sony/ATV Music Publishing

Sony
Sony
Financial Holdings

Sony
Sony
Life Sony
Sony
Bank

Technologies and brands

α (Alpha) Betacam Bionz Blu-ray BRAVIA CD Cell Cyber-shot Dash Dream Machine DVD Exmor FeliCa Handycam HDCAM/HDCAM-SR LocationFree Memory Stick MiniDisc MiniDV mylo PlayStation Reader S/PDIF SDDS SXRD Sony
Sony
Tablet Tunnel diode TransferJet UMD Vaio Video8/Hi8/Digital8 Walkman Walkman
Walkman
Phones XDCAM Xperia HMZ-T1

Historical products

AIBO CV-2000 DAT Betamax Sony
Sony
CLIÉ Discman Jumbotron Lissa Mavica NEWS Qualia Rolly TR-55 Trinitron 1 inch Type C (BVH series) U-matic Watchman WEGA

Electronics

Sony
Sony
Electronics (US subsidiary) Sony
Sony
Energy Devices Sony
Sony
Creative Software FeliCa
FeliCa
Networks (57%)

v t e

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment

Key personnel

Andrew House Shawn Layden Shuhei Yoshida

v t e

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment Worldwide Studios

Franchises

Ape Escape Arc the Lad ATV Offroad Fury Boku no Natsuyasumi Buzz! Colony Wars Cool Boarders DanceStar Party Dark Cloud Destruction Derby Devil Dice Echochrome EverQuest Everybody's Golf Everybody's Tennis EyePet EyeToy FantaVision Fat Princess G-Police Genji God of War Gran Turismo Gravity Rush Hustle Kings Infamous Invizimals Jak and Daxter Jet Moto Jumping Flash! Killzone Knack Legend of Legaia Lemmings LittleBigPlanet LocoRoco MediEvil MLB: The Show ModNation Racers MotorStorm Motor Toon Grand Prix Ore no Shikabane wo Koete Yuke/Oreshika PaRappa the Rapper Patapon PlanetSide Pursuit Force Rally Cross Ratchet & Clank Resistance Savage Moon Shadow of the Beast SingStar Siren Sly Cooper Socom Soul Sacrifice Sports Champions Start the Party! Super Stardust Syphon Filter The Eye of Judgment The Getaway The Last of Us This Is Football Twisted Metal Uncharted Vib-Ribbon Warhawk What Did I Do to Deserve This, My Lord?/No Heroes Allowed White Knight Chronicles Wild Arms Wipeout Wonderbook World Tour Soccer

Divisions

Bend Studio Foster City Studio Japan
Japan
Studio London Studio San Diego Studio Santa Monica Studio

Subsidiaries

Guerrilla Games J.S.E.E.D. PlayStation
PlayStation
C.A.M.P. Team Gravity Team Ico Media Molecule Naughty Dog PixelOpus Polyphony Digital Sucker Punch Productions XDev

Former subsidiaries

989 Studios Bigbig Studios Contrail Evolution Studios Guerrilla Cambridge Incognito Entertainment Psygnosis Team Soho Zipper Interactive

v t e

PlayStation

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment SIE Worldwide Studios

Consoles

Home consoles

PlayStation

Models Main hardware

PlayStation
PlayStation
2

Models Main hardware

PlayStation
PlayStation
3

Models Main hardware System software

PlayStation
PlayStation
4

Main hardware System software

Handhelds

PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable

System software

PlayStation
PlayStation
Vita

System software

Miscellaneous

PocketStation PSX PlayStation
PlayStation
TV

Games

PS1 games

A–L M–Z Best-selling PS one Classics

NA PAL JP

PS2 games

Best-selling Online games HD games PS2 Classics for PS3 PS2 games for PS4

PS3 games

Best-selling Physical Digital only Physical and digital 3D games PS Move games PS Now games

PS4 games

Best-selling PSVR

PSP games

Physical and digital System software compatibilities PS Minis

Other

PS Vita games

A–L M–Z

PS Mobile games TurboGrafx-16
TurboGrafx-16
Classics NEOGEO Station Classics HD Instant Game Collection

NA PAL Asia Japan China

Reprints

Greatest Hits Essentials The Best BigHit Series

Network

PlayStation
PlayStation
Network 2011 outage Central Station FirstPlay PlayStation
PlayStation
App PlayStation
PlayStation
Blog PlayStation
PlayStation
Home PlayStation
PlayStation
Mobile PlayStation
PlayStation
Music PlayStation
PlayStation
Now PlayStation
PlayStation
Store PlayStation
PlayStation
Video PlayStation
PlayStation
Vue PS2 online Room for PSP VidZone

Accessories

Controllers

PlayStation
PlayStation
Controller PlayStation
PlayStation
Mouse Analog Joystick Dual Analog DualShock Sixaxis PlayStation
PlayStation
Move

Cameras

EyeToy Go!Cam PlayStation
PlayStation
Eye PlayStation
PlayStation
Camera

Miscellaneous

Multitap Link Cable PS2 accessories PS2 Headset PS3 accessories PlayTV Wonderbook PlayStation
PlayStation
VR

Kits

Net Yaroze PS2 Linux GScube OtherOS Zego

Media

Magazines

Official U.S. PlayStation
PlayStation
Magazine PlayStation: The Official Magazine PlayStation
PlayStation
Official Magazine – UK PlayStation
PlayStation
Official Magazine – Australia PlayStation
PlayStation
Underground

Advertisements

Double Life Mountain PlayStation
PlayStation
marketing

Characters

Toro Polygon Man Kevin Butler Marcus Rivers

Arcade boards

Namco System 11 System 12 System 10 System 246 System 357

Related

Super NES CD-ROM Sony
Sony
Ericsson Xperia Play

Category Portal

Other

Gaikai SN Systems Cellius
Cellius
(49%) Dimps

Category Portal

v t e

Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment

Key personnel

Rob Stringer Kevin Kelleher

Flagship

Columbia Records RCA Records Epic Records

Sony
Sony
Music Nashville

Columbia Nashville Arista Nashville RCA Records
RCA Records
Nashville Provident Label Group

Sony
Sony
Masterworks

Sony
Sony
Classical Records Portrait Records RCA Red Seal Records Okeh Records

Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment Japan

Epic Records
Epic Records
Japan Ki/oon Music Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment Japan Ariola Japan BMG Japan mora Sacra Music Aniplex

Aniplex
Aniplex
of America A-1 Pictures

Music On! TV

Distribution

The Orchard

IODA RED Distribution Red Essential

Other Labels

RCA Inspiration Phonogenic Records Ultra Music Century Media Records Legacy Recordings Black Butter Records Kemosabe Records Robbins Entertainment Syco Music
Syco Music
(50%) Sony
Sony
Music Australia Sony
Sony
Music UK Sony
Sony
Music India Sony
Sony
Music Latin Vevo Volcano Entertainment

v t e

Sony
Sony
Pictures Entertainment

Key personnel

Tony Vinciquerra Thomas Rothman

Sony
Sony
Pictures Motion Picture Group

Columbia Pictures TriStar Pictures TriStar Productions Screen Gems Sony
Sony
Pictures Classics Sony
Sony
Pictures Releasing Sony
Sony
Pictures Imageworks Sony
Sony
Pictures Animation Sony
Sony
Pictures Worldwide Acquisitions

Destination Films Stage 6 Films Affirm Films

Sony
Sony
Pictures Home Entertainment

Sony
Sony
Wonder

Sony
Sony
Pictures Television

U.S. production

Adelaide Productions Sony
Sony
Crackle

The Minisode Network

Culver Entertainment Embassy Row TriStar Television

U.S. distribution

Funimation
Funimation
(95%)

International production

2waytraffic Left Bank Pictures Playmaker Media Stellify Media Teleset

TV channels & VOD

v t e

Sony
Sony
Pictures Television TV channels and VOD platforms

O = online VOD platform

Americas

US networks

Sony
Sony
Movie Channel GSN (58% joint venture with AT&T Entertainment Group) getTV Cine Sony Sony
Sony
CrackleO Defunct 3net
3net
(joint venture with Discovery and IMAX) Fearnet
Fearnet
(joint venture with Comcast
Comcast
and Lions Gate Entertainment)

Canada

Sony
Sony
Movie Channel and AXN
AXN
Movies (rebranded)

Latin America

Canal Sony AXN Defunct Animax Locomotion Sony
Sony
Spin

Asia

Indian sub-continent

v t e

Sony
Sony
Pictures Networks India Pvt. Ltd.

Hindi entertainment

SET

International

Sony
Sony
Sab Sony
Sony
Max Sony
Sony
Max 2 Sony
Sony
Pal Sony
Sony
Wah

English entertainment

AXN Sony
Sony
Le Plex Sony
Sony
Pix

Bengali entertainment

Sony
Sony
Aath

Sports

Sony
Sony
Six Sony
Sony
ESPN (50%; Joint venture with ESPN Inc.) Sony
Sony
Ten

Sony
Sony
Ten 1 Sony
Sony
Ten 2 Sony
Sony
Ten 3 Sony
Sony
Ten Golf

Acquisition pending TEN Sports Pakistan TEN Cricket
TEN Cricket
International

Music

Sony
Sony
Mix Sony
Sony
Rox

Other channels

Sony
Sony
BBC Earth (50%; Joint venture with BBC Studios) Sony
Sony
Yay

Other businesses

Sony
Sony
LIV (Online VOD platform)

Japan

Animax

Animax PlusO

AXN

AXN
AXN
Mystery AXN
AXN
PlusO

Star Channel (25% joint venture with News Corporation, Tohokushinsha Film, and Itochu)

South Korea

Animax (50% joint venture with KT SkyLife)

Animax PlusO

AXN
AXN
(50% joint venture with IHQ)

Taiwan

AXN Animax

Animax HD

south-east Asia

Animax AXN Gem

south-east Asia (50% joint venture with Nippon Television Network Corporation) Vietnam

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
One Defunct AXN
AXN
Beyond BeTV

Europe, Middle East, Africa (EMEA)

Germany

AnimaxO AXN Sony
Sony
Channel Defunct Animax (linear television)

Italy

Cine Sony Pop Defunct AXN AXN
AXN
Sci Fi

The Netherlands

Film1

Film1
Film1
Action Film1
Film1
Drama Film1
Film1
Family Film1
Film1
Premiere

Defunct Film1
Film1
Festival Film1
Film1
Sundance

Portugal

AXN

AXN
AXN
Black AXN
AXN
White

Defunct Animax

Russia

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Turbo Sony
Sony
Sci-Fi

Spain

AXN

AXN
AXN
SyncO AXN
AXN
White

Defunct Animax

Turkey

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Çocuk Planet Mutfak Planet Türk

UK & Ireland

v t e

Television channels in the United Kingdom and Ireland operated by Sony Pictures Television

Including CSC Media Group television channels

Entertainment channels

Movies4Men Sony
Sony
Crime Channel Sony
Sony
Crime Channel 2 Sony
Sony
Movie Channel truTV

CSC True Entertainment True Movies

Music channels

CSC Chart Show TV Chart Show Hits Scuzz Starz TV The Vault

Children's channels

CSC Pop Pop Max Tiny Pop

Former channels

More Than Movies Movies4Men
Movies4Men
2 Sony
Sony
Channel

CSC The Amp AnimeCentral Bliss BuzMuzik Chart Shop TV Flaunt Flava MinX NME TV Pop Girl Pop Plus Showcase TV True Crime True Drama True Movies
True Movies
2

Miscellaneous

Sony
Sony
Pictures Television animaxtv.co.uk (VOD)

Baltics

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Turbo

Central and Eastern Europe (CEE)

AXN

Adria Hungary

AXN
AXN
NowO

AXN
AXN
Black AXN
AXN
Spin AXN
AXN
White

Sony
Sony
Max Sony
Sony
Movie Channel Viasat
Viasat
Hungary

Viasat
Viasat
3 Viasat
Viasat
6

Defunct Animax AXN
AXN
Crime

Middle East

AXN
AXN
Middle East

Arabic English

Defunct AXN
AXN
Israel

Africa

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
MAX True Movies Defunct Animax

Other

Sony
Sony
Pictures Digital

Sony
Sony
Pictures Mobile

Sony
Sony
Pictures Entertainment Japan Sony
Sony
Pictures Family Entertainment Group Sony
Sony
Pictures Studios Madison Gate Records

Defunct

Columbia Pictures
Columbia Pictures
Television Columbia TriStar Television Merv Griffin Enterprises ELP Communications

Online distribution platforms

PlayStation
PlayStation
Network ( PlayStation
PlayStation
Music PlayStation
PlayStation
Now PlayStation
PlayStation
Store PlayStation
PlayStation
Video PlayStation
PlayStation
Plus PlayStation
PlayStation
Vue) The Minisode Network Sony
Sony
Crackle Sony
Sony
Liv

Other businesses

Sony
Sony
DADC Sony
Sony
Network Communications Sony
Sony
Professional Solutions M3 (39.4%) Sony/ATV Music Publishing EMI Music Publishing
EMI Music Publishing
(19%) Vaio
Vaio
(4.9%)

Other assets

Sony
Sony
Corporation of America (umbrella company in the US) Other subsidiaries List of acquisitions

Nonprofit organizations

Sony
Sony
Institute of Higher Education Shohoku College

Other

History of Sony Sony
Sony
Toshiba IBM Center of Competence for the Cell Processor

v t e

Video game consoles (sixth generation)

Types

Home video game console

list

Handheld game console

list

Microconsole

list

Dedicated console

list

Generations

First (1972–80) Second (1976–92) Third (1983–2003) Fourth (1987–2004) Fifth (1993–2005) Sixth (1998–2013) Seventh (2005–17) Eighth (2012–)

Sixth generation

Home

DISCover Dreamcast GameCube

Panasonic Q

Nuon PlayStation
PlayStation
2 V.Smile Xbox

Handheld

Game Boy Advance
Game Boy Advance
family

Game Boy Advance Advance SP Micro

GP32 N-Gage

QD

Neo Geo Pocket Color Tapwave Zodiac

Dedicated

Pocket Dream Console

← Fifth generation Seventh generation →

Emulator Game History List Manufacturer

v t e

Home video game consoles

Atari

Atari 2600 Atari 5200 Atari 7800 Atari XEGS Atari Jaguar Atari VCS

Bandai

Super Vision 8000 Arcadia RX-78 Playdia Apple Bandai
Bandai
Pippin

Casio

PV-1000 Casio
Casio
Loopy

Commodore

Commodore 64 Games System Commodore CDTV Amiga CD32

Mattel

Intellivision HyperScan

Microsoft

Xbox Xbox 360 Xbox One

NEC

TurboGrafx-16 PC-FX

Nintendo

NES SNES N64 GameCube Wii Wii
Wii
U Switch

Philips

Magnavox Odyssey Odyssey² Videopac + G7400 Philips
Philips
CD-i

Sega

SG-1000 Master System Sega
Sega
Genesis Sega
Sega
Saturn Dreamcast

SNK

Neo Geo Neo Geo CD

Sony

PlayStation PlayStation
PlayStation
2 PSX PlayStation
PlayStation
3 PlayStation
PlayStation
4

VTech

VTech
VTech
CreatiVision Socrates V.Smile V.Flash

Others

1970s

APF-MP1000 Bally Astrocade Fairchild Channel F RCA Studio II Interton VC 4000/1292 Advanced Programmable Video System

1980s

Action Max Arcadia 2001 ColecoVision Epoch Cassette Vision Super Cassette Vision RDI Halcyon Vectrex View-Master Interactive Vision

1990s

3DO Interactive Multiplayer Amstrad GX4000 CPS Changer FM Towns Marty LaserActive Super A'Can

2000s

DISCover EVO Smart Console Game Wave Nuon XaviXPORT Zeebo

List

Authority control

.