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PALMEIRA SQUARE is a mid-19th-century residential development in Hove , part of the English city and seaside resort of Brighton
Brighton
and Hove . At the southern end it adjoins Adelaide Crescent
Adelaide Crescent
, another architectural set-piece which leads down to the seafront; large terraced houses occupy its west and east sides, separated by a public garden; and at the north end is one of Hove's main road junctions. This is also called Palmeira Square, and its north side is lined with late 19th-century terraced mansions. Commercial buildings and a church also stand on the main road, which is served by many buses (some of which terminate there).

The land was originally occupied by "the world's largest conservatory", the Anthaeum —a visitor attraction planned by botanist, author and building promoter Henry Phillips . The giant dome's collapse and total destruction on the day it was due to open in 1833 made Phillips go blind from shock, and the debris occupied the site for many years. Work began in the early 1850s and was largely complete in the mid-1860s, although commercial and residential buildings such as Palmeira House and Gwydyr Mansions continued to be added at the northern end throughout the late 19th century. English Heritage has listed the residential buildings on the western, eastern and northern sides of the square at Grade II for their architectural and historical importance, although one building has the higher Grade II* status because of its opulent custom-designed interior.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Transport * 3 Residents * 4 Heritage

* 5 Architecture

* 5.1 The square * 5.2 Surrounding buildings

* 6 See also * 7 Notes

* 8 References

* 8.1 Bibliography

HISTORY

The ancient parish of Hove covered 778 acres (315 ha) of good agricultural land on the southern slopes of the South Downs , leading down to the English Channel
English Channel
. There was Celtic and Roman occupation of the area, and a Bronze Age barrow was found close to Palmeira Square's northern end when the land was being developed. Inside was a wooden coffin, a stone axe, a bronze dagger and the Hove amber cup , a relic of national significance now held at the Brighton
Brighton
Museum "> Palmeira Square
Palmeira Square
lies north of Adelaide Crescent
Adelaide Crescent
. Church Road and Western Road form its northern side.

One of the main farms was Wick Farm, which covered about 250 acres (100 ha) of land immediately west of the parish boundary with Brighton . The first post-Norman Conquest landowners were the de Pierpoints; in 1573 the estate was bought by the Stapley family, of which Anthony Stapley became famous as one of the regicides of King Charles I . In 1701 it was acquired by the Scutt family from Brighton. Western Road and its continuation Church Road, the earliest east–west route through Hove, bisected the estate.

On the land was a chalybeate spring, later called St Ann\'s Well , which became a popular visitor attraction by the mid-18th century. In the early 19th century, its fashionable reputation increased as neighbouring Brighton
Brighton
began to grow rapidly as a high-class seaside resort. Following the lead of Queen Adelaide , who would ride to St Ann's Well to visit the spa and take the waters, wealthy residents and visitors to Brighton
Brighton
travelled across the parish boundary to walk round the gardens, visit the ornate pump-room and enjoy the apparently health-giving properties of the iron-rich water. The houses on the west side were completed first. An "elegantly handled ... double curve" marks the transition from Adelaide Crescent
Adelaide Crescent
(foreground) to Palmeira Square. The Enclosures belonging to the houses have pathways and shrubs.

Rev. Thomas Scutt, who owned the Wick Estate land by the 1820s, started to sell plots of land to "capitalis on the insatiable demand for building land along the seafront". Brunswick Town was the first result of this, and when Sir Isaac Goldsmid, 1st Baronet bought the rest of the land (over 216 acres (87 ha)) in 1830 he continued Hove's residential expansion by commissioning Decimus Burton to design Adelaide Crescent
Adelaide Crescent
and by agreeing to fund the construction of "the world's largest dome" at its northern end. The ostentatious Anthaeum , proposed by botanist and horticultural writer Henry Phillips and designed by prominent local architect Amon Henry Wilds
Amon Henry Wilds
, was to have been a vast circular conservatory containing exotic plants and trees. It was built between 1832 and 1833 but collapsed spectacularly the day before its scheduled opening date, making Phillips go blind from shock and apparently distressing Goldsmid so much that he abandoned any further plans for development of his land for 20 years—during which time the wrecked glass and iron structure lay where it fell at the north end of the incomplete Adelaide Crescent.

In the early 1850s, Goldsmid (who had been given the title Baron de Goldsmid e de Palmeira by the Queen of Portugal in 1845) decided to restart development at Adelaide Crescent. He abandoned the original plan for a horseshoe-shape plan and in 1851 commissioned an unknown architect to extend it northwards into a bottle shape, north of which (on the site of the Anthaeum) would be a new residential square: Palmeira Square. The remains of the Anthaeum were cleared in the early 1850s (or possibly as late as 1855), and work began.

Houses on the west side of the square, close to the western boundary of the Wick Estate land, were the first to be built. The southernmost houses on each side are attached to the north end of Adelaide Crescent, which was completed in the early 1860s; "the transition from crescent into square is most elegantly handled in a double curve". Between 1855 and 1870, 34 houses were built, all in the same "vigorous and healthy" post-Regency Victorian /Italianate style. It took several years for the houses to be occupied. Numbers 33 and 34 on the west side were the first to be taken, in 1859, and by 1866 none of the 17 houses on that side were empty. The first house on the east side was let in 1864, and it took ten years for the whole square to be occupied. Early residents included a wine merchant, a factory owner, and Lady Emily Fletcher who shared the house with her mother, five children and nine servants. St John the Baptist\'s Church serves the area.

An Anglican church to serve the area was provided in 1854. St John the Baptist\'s Church , a flint-built Decorated Gothic Revival building with a landmark spire, was designed by William and Edward Habershon. Work began in 1852, and the site (at the northwest corner of Palmeira Square, where it joined Church Road) "compels traffic to take an abrupt turn before proceeding westward". It may have been built there to block attempts to build a road north from the Palmeira Square area into the mostly undeveloped land to the north which later became the Cliftonville area of Hove. In keeping with the high-class surroundings, the church was "for many years one of the most fashionable" in either Brighton
Brighton
or Hove.

The houses of Palmeira Square
Palmeira Square
were separated from Church Road by a private road which ran parallel (east–west) to the main road, creating a second square of open space. Only residents of Palmeira Square and Adelaide Crescent
Adelaide Crescent
could gain entry to it; there was a chain across each entrance and a watchman controlled admission. Church Road itself was laid out as a thoroughfare in 1851; until then it had been a footpath. In the same year, an Act of Parliament (the Brunswick Square Improvement Extension Act) was passed to bring Palmeira Square and nearby developments into the jurisdiction of the Brunswick Square Commissioners. Had this Act not been passed, the square would have been governed solely by "the rather nebulous authority of the Parish officials of Hove". One consequence was that Sir Francis Goldsmid (who inherited his father Sir Isaac's estate on 1859) was able to delegate responsibility for the maintenance of the Palmeira Square Enclosure (the garden between the west and east sides) to the Brunswick Square Commissioners from April 1865. Previously Goldsmid himself had to employ and pay a gardener. 33 Palmeira Mansions has an ostentatious late Victorian interior.

In 1891, the Hove Commissioners (who now had civic responsibility for the square) tried to make the private road north of the square a public thoroughfare by removing the barriers. Objections from the residents delayed this plan for several years, but the road did eventually open to the public. Accordingly, the land to the north was now considered part of the Palmeira Square
Palmeira Square
area, and the development as a whole consists of two garden squares. The first is the original development bounded to the south by Adelaide Crescent, to the north by the former private road which is now a widened continuation of Western Road and to the west by the 34 houses of the square. The second is the lawned section formed by the junction between the extension of Western Road, Church Road and the connections between them, and all the surrounding buildings of the late 19th century. Gwydyr Mansions date from 1890.

The open land in between these roads was laid out with grass and was named the Palmeira Mansions Enclosures after the "very fine" Palmeira Mansions were built on the north side of Church Road in 1883–84, effectively forming a new north side to Palmeira Square. Local architect Henry Lanchester designed the mansions and Jabez Reynolds built them. Some of the houses were still unoccupied by 1891 because of a slowdown in the property market. Despite this slump, another local firm, Clayton "> This floral clock was inaugurated in 1953.

On 2 June 1953—the day of the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II —a floral clock commemorating the event was unveiled in the centre of the Palmeira Mansions Enclosures. Hove Council's Director of Parks and Cemeteries, G.A. Hyland, was the designer. Its slightly raised circular design may be a reference to the nearby Bronze Age barrow, which was destroyed by building work at the north end of the square in 1857. It was the only one on the Sussex coast and was larger than examples found on the South Downs . (The centre of the site is at 50°49′39″N 0°09′49″W / 50.8275°N 0.1637°W / 50.8275; -0.1637 (Site of Bronze Age barrow, Hove, Sussex) , about 100 yards (91 m) north-northeast of St John the Baptist's Church). The clock had a double face—the first floral clock in the world to have this feature—each with a diameter of 9 feet (2.7 m). Clockmakers James Richie & Son, who had designed a floral clock in Edinburgh
Edinburgh
, provided the mechanism. About 35,000 flowers were initially planted, and special temporary floral designs were sometimes put in—for example, to commemorate Brighton
Brighton
"> Palmeira Square
Palmeira Square
is the starting point for route 25 to Sussex and Brighton
Brighton
Universities. Palmeira Mansions are in the background.

Palmeira Square
Palmeira Square
is a key destination for the city's buses: many serve it en route to other destinations, and the high-frequency route 25 terminates there. The following routes, all operated by the Brighton ">kcie lived at number 3, and Sir Julian Goldsmid, 3rd Baronet lived next door at number 4; he died there in 1896. Architect John C.L. Iredel, a member of the Chichester Diocesan Panel of Architects who designed the former Emmanuel Church in Worthing
Worthing
in 1975–76 and restored Buxted parish church six years earlier, lived at number 8 and died there in 1990. On the east side of the square, Henry d\'Avigdor-Goldsmid lived at number 18 during the 1950s. Lord George Montacute Nevill (son of William Nevill, 1st Marquess of Abergavenny ) and his wife Florence owned number 22; he died there in 1920. Next door at number 23, William FitzClarence, 2nd Earl of Munster lived with his wife Wilhelmina Kennedy-Erskine . They were still living there at the time of their deaths in 1901 and 1906 respectively. Other residents of the square at various times have included diplomat and author Shane Leslie and Peter Birkett, who designed boats in which Richard Branson won transatlantic races in 1986 and 1989.

HERITAGE

Palmeira Mansions (7–19 pictured) are listed at Grade II.

The east and west sides of Palmeira Square
Palmeira Square
have been listed separately at Grade II by English Heritage
English Heritage
, and Palmeira Mansions at the north side of the square has also been listed at this grade under two separate listings. Grade II status is awarded to "nationally important" buildings of "special interest". As of February 2001 there were 1,124 such buildings in the city. The east side (numbers 1–17) and west side (numbers 18–30) were listed on 10 September 1971. Numbers 7–19 Church Road (Rochester Mansions, Palmeira Mansions and Palmeira Avenue Mansions) and 21–31 Church Road (the other sections of Palmeira Avenue Mansions and Palmeira Mansions) were listed on 4 February 1981. Number 33 Palmeira Mansions was listed at the higher Grade II* on 18 July 1978; such buildings are defined as "particularly important of more than special interest". There were 70 Grade II*-listed buildings in the city of Brighton
Brighton
and Hove as of February 2001.

Palmeira Square
Palmeira Square
forms part of the 95.92-acre (38.82 ha) Brunswick Town Conservation Area , one of 34 conservation areas in the city of Brighton
Brighton
and Hove . This area was designated by the council in 1969. Brighton
Brighton
"> The houses of Palmeira Square
Palmeira Square
have stuccoed façades and rise to five storeys.

Architecturally, Palmeira Square
Palmeira Square
is "quite different from Adelaide Crescent or Brunswick Square ... when Victorian architecture was out of fashion, condemned as being heavily Italianate ". Having been "one of the most notorious examples" of the tendency in Brighton
Brighton
and Hove for residential developments to take much longer than planned, it developed as a natural evolution of the style of neighbouring Adelaide Crescent. Begun as a Regency-style set-piece, this developed in a Neo-Renaissance direction, before work resumed in the 1850s in a simpler post-Regency style. Palmeira Square
Palmeira Square
was then built in a "more full-blooded" interpretation of this Victorian/Italianate theme. Palmeira Mansions, completed nearly 30 years after work started on the square, were designed in the same style and contribute to the square as a single composition, "continuing its ... grandeur and scale". Palmeira Square's style, marking the transition from Regency into Victorian Italianate, has been likened to the terraces around London's Hyde Park that were built at the same time. Architectural historians Ian Nairn and Nikolaus Pevsner , writing in the 1960s, stated that this gave the square "architectural interest" but "little architectural merit", though. Another author, comparing the houses with those of Adelaide Crescent, wrote of "an undisguised Victorianism of a vigorous and healthy, but nevertheless decidedly inferior, quality".

The 17 houses of the west side form a long, straight terrace of five storeys. Under their stucco façades is brick, rubble and bungaroosh —a composite building material commonly found behind stucco in 18th- and 19th-century buildings in Brighton
Brighton
and Hove. Each house has three windows to each storey (either blocked or containing a sash window , and pilasters and quoins between some of the neighbouring buildings mark the terrace out into a symmetrical five-part composition which has been described as either 2–4–5–4–2 or 2–5–3–5–2. The top storey is in the form of an attic, and the treatment of the windows is different: they are on a moulded cornice, and some are arched. On the floor below, the windows are surrounded by Vitruvian scroll patterns, and at the storey below that they are flanked by pilasters which hold up an entablature and small pediment . A cast iron balcony surrounds the first-floor bay windows and is supported by the top of the Doric-columned entrance porch, which has a stuccoed balustrade . According to one writer, "the heavy emphasis of porches give the square an air of respectable solidity"—as do the heavy doors with their recessed panels, moulded ornamentation and decorative fanlights . Original interior fittings include a large "Jacobean -cum-Baroque " chimneypiece in the hall of number 32. H.J. Lanchester's Palmeira Mansions of 1883–84 (21–31 pictured) are in the same style as the rest of the square.

The terrace on the east side is identical, again having 17 five-storey houses with hipped slate roofs hidden behind parapets , three-window ranges with sash windows and heavy Doric porches. As on the west side, the house in the centre projects slightly from the terrace and has a larger square bay window rising through the first and second floors, forming a loggia which is supported on a colonnaded porch with rustication .

H.J. Lanchester's Palmeira Mansions are Italianate in style, like the houses of the square. Some are stuccoed, but others have been painted. The walls are of brick and the roofs have slate tiles. The outermost houses (7, 19 and 21) have entrances set in their side elevations. Each house is five storeys including an attic storey, which has dormer windows added in the 20th century. Each house has a three-window range, and the centremost building is topped by a curved gable . That at numbers 7-19 has a heraldic emblem, possibly that of Sir Isaac Goldsmid, in its tympanum . The outermost buildings have full-height canted bays . Each storey is separated by a string-course across the full width of the building. The first-floor windows are arched and set forward slightly below an entablature and a central pediment . Straight-headed windows on the floor above are embellished with scrollwork, individual pediments and a bracketed entablature. At third-floor level, slightly round-headed windows are set in square recesses. At first-floor level, a cast iron balcony runs across the width of the building; it is supported by the Doric-columned porches in front of each entrance.

Number 33, the other end of the western section of Palmeira Mansions, is listed separately at Grade II* for its "outstanding" and "remarkable collection of fittings from the 1880s" (A.W. Mason bought the house in 1889, although the work may not have been completed until 1899). These include multicoloured marbled floors, staircases, handrails, panelling, columns and dado rails ; lincrusta wallpaper; gilded ceilings in a Moorish style ; stained glass in various styles; ostentatious chimneypieces, including one by Doulton and others with "riotous swirling motifs"; an overmantel made of Venetian glass ; decorative light fittings depicting cherubim and serpents; ceramic tiles by Arts and Crafts designer Walter Crane
Walter Crane
; and a Rococo -style former ballroom.

SURROUNDING BUILDINGS

Thomas Lainson designed Palmeira House in 1887.

Gwydyr Mansions is at the northeastern corner of the square, between Rochester Gardens and Holland Road. An opulent set of mansion flats designed by local firm Clayton elsewhere, there elaborate gables , turrets and canted bay and oriel windows .

Palmeira House, designed in 1887 by Thomas Lainson of Lainson & Sons, was that firm's first building for the Brighton
Brighton
">

* ^ Numbers 31–34 inclusive have not been listed by English Heritage; they were converted into flats called Palmeira Court in 1910.

REFERENCES

* ^ A B Middleton 1979 , p. 1. * ^ A B C D Nairn & Pevsner 1965 , p. 454. * ^ A B C Middleton 2002 , Vol. 7, p. 81. * ^ A B Middleton 2002 , Vol. 15, p. 87. * ^ Middleton 2002 , Vol. 15, p. 86. * ^ A B Brighton
Brighton
Polytechnic. School of Architecture and Interior Design 1987 , p. 84. * ^ Antram & Morrice 2008 , p. 112. * ^ Middleton 1979 , p. 2. * ^ A B Dale 1950 , p. 82. * ^ Middleton 1979 , pp. 24–25. * ^ Antram & Morrice 2008 , p. 113. * ^ A B C D E Antram & Morrice 2008 , p. 121. * ^ A B Middleton 2002 , Vol. 1, p. 73. * ^ A B C Dale 1967 , p. 155. * ^ A B C D E F Antram & Morrice 2008 , p. 120. * ^ Gilbert 1975 , p. 155. * ^ A B Antram & Morrice 2008 , p. 119. * ^ A B C D Brighton
Brighton
Polytechnic. School of Architecture and Interior Design 1987 , p. 85. * ^ Antram & Morrice 2008 , p. 118. * ^ A B C D Dale 1967 , p. 156. * ^ A B C D Middleton 2002 , Vol. 10, p. 17. * ^ A B Antram & Morrice 2008 , pp. 122–123. * ^ Gilbert 1975 , p. 173. * ^ Dale 1967 , p. 157. * ^ A B Dale 1967 , p. 158. * ^ Middleton 2002 , Vol. 10, pp. 17–18. * ^ A B C D E F G H Antram & Morrice 2008 , p. 122. * ^ A B C D E F G H Historic England . "Nos. 18–30 Palmeira Square (consecutive) and attached railings (Grade II) (1187581)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 25 August 2012. * ^ Middleton 2002 , Vol. 10, p. 14. * ^ A B Antram & Morrice 2008 , p. 123. * ^ A B C Antram & Morrice 2008 , p. 124. * ^ "33 Palmeira Mansions". The English Language Centre Ltd. 2012. Archived from the original on 24 January 2013. Retrieved 27 August 2012. * ^ A B Middleton 2002 , Vol. 5, p. 39. * ^ Middleton 2002 , Vol. 10, pp. 2–3. * ^ A B C D Middleton 2002 , Vol. 10, p. 19. * ^ A B Middleton 2002 , Vol. 10, p. 18. * ^ Cheesman 2012 , p. 56. * ^ A B Cheesman 2012 , p. 5. * ^ A B C D E F G Cheesman 2012 , p. 6. * ^ A B Cheesman 2012 , p. 7. * ^ Google
Google
(26 August 2012). "Driving directions to Station Approach/B2120" (Map). Google
Google
Maps . Google. Retrieved 26 August 2012.

* ^ Allen, John (15 October 2012). "Architects and Artists I–J–K". Sussex Parish Churches website. www.sussexparishchurches.org. Archived from the original on 24 January 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2012. * ^ Middleton 2002 , Vol. 9, p. 77. * ^ A B "Listed Buildings". English Heritage
English Heritage
. 2012. Archived from the original on 24 January 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2013. * ^ A B " Images of England — Statistics by County (East Sussex)". Images of England . English Heritage
English Heritage
. 2007. Archived from the original on 27 December 2012. Retrieved 27 December 2012. * ^ Historic England . "Nos. 1–17 Palmeira Square
Palmeira Square
(consecutive) and attached railings (Grade II) (1298646)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 25 August 2012. * ^ A B C D Historic England . "Rochester Mansions (7), Palmeira Mansions (9–15) and Palmeira Avenue Mansions (17–19), Church Road (Grade II) (1187548)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 25 August 2012. * ^ A B C Historic England . "Palmeira Avenue Mansions (21–23) and Palmeira Mansions (25–31), Church Road (Grade II) (1187549)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 25 August 2012. * ^ A B C Historic England . "No. 33 Palmeira Mansions (Grade II*) (1204933)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 25 August 2012. * ^ "Conservation Areas in Brighton
Brighton
& Hove". Brighton
Brighton
& Hove City Council (Design & Conservation Department). 2010. Archived from the original on 20 January 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2012. * ^ A B "Brunswick Town Conservation Area Character Statement" (PDF). Brighton
Brighton
& Hove City Council (Design ">(PDF) from the original on 24 January 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2012. * ^ A B Antram & Morrice 2008 , p. 13. * ^ Antram & Morrice 2008 , p. 14. * ^ Fraser, Rob (March 1991). " Bungaroosh (Bungarouche, Bunglarouge?)". Context. Tunbridge Wells: Institute of Historic Building Conservation (IHBC) (29): 7. Archived from the original on 27 December 2012. Retrieved 27 December 2012. * ^ Antram & Morrice 2008 , p. 7. * ^ Antram -webkit-column-width: 33em; column-width: 33em;">

* Antram, Nicholas; Morrice, Richard (2008). Brighton
Brighton
and Hove. Pevsner Architectural Guides. London: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-12661-7 . * Brighton
Brighton
Polytechnic. School of Architecture and Interior Design (1987). A Guide to the Buildings of Brighton. Macclesfield: McMillan Martin. ISBN 1-869-86503-0 . * Cheesman, Mike (ed.) (22 April 2012). Bus Times No. 51: Summer 2012. Hove: Brighton
Brighton
& Hove Bus and Coach Company . CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link ) * Dale, Antony (1950). The History and Architecture of Brighton. Brighton: Bredin & Heginbothom Ltd. * Dale, Antony (1967) . Fashionable Brighton
Brighton
1820–1860 (2nd ed.). Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Oriel Press Ltd. ISBN 0-85362-028-8 . * Fines, Ken (2002). A History of Brighton
Brighton
& Hove. Chichester: Phillimore & Co. ISBN 1-86077-231-5 . * Gilbert, Edmund M. (1975) . Brighton: Old Ocean's Bauble. Hassocks: Flare Books. ISBN 0-901759-39-2 . * Middleton, Judy (1979). A History of Hove. Chichester: Phillimore & Co. ISBN 0-85033-325-3 . * Middleton, Judy (2002). The Encyclopaedia of Hove & Portslade. Brighton: Brighton
Brighton
& Hove Libraries. * Nairn, Ian ; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1965). The Buildings of England: Sussex. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books . ISBN 0-14-071028-0 .

* v * t * e

Buildings and architecture of Brighton
Brighton
and Hove

HERITAGE

* Conservation areas * LISTED BUILDINGS: GRADE I * GRADE II* * Grade II: A–B * C–D * E–H * I–L * M * N–O * P–R * S * T–V * W–Z

PLACES OF WORSHIP

* LIST OF PLACES OF WORSHIP (see list for links to individual articles) * List of demolished places of worship

Houses, flats and mansions

* Adelaide Mansions
Adelaide Mansions
* Chartwell Court
Chartwell Court
* Courtenay Gate
Courtenay Gate
* Embassy Court
Embassy Court
* Fife House
Fife House
* French Convalescent Home * Grand Ocean, Saltdean * Gwydyr Mansions * 75 Holland Road * Marine Gate * Marlborough House * Moulsecoomb Place * New England Quarter * Ovingdean Grange * Ovingdean Rectory * Patcham Place * Pelham Institute * Percy and Wagner Almshouses * Portslade Manor (ruined) * Preston Manor * Regency Town House * Southdown House * Stanmer House * Sussex Heights * Tower House * Van Alen Building * Western Pavilion

Crescents, squares and terraces

* Adelaide Crescent
Adelaide Crescent
* Arundel Terrace
Arundel Terrace
* Bedford Square * Belgrave Place * Bloomsbury Place * Brunswick Town * Eastern Terrace * Hanover Crescent * Kemp Town
Kemp Town
* Lansdowne Square * Marine Square * Montpelier Crescent * New Steine * Norfolk Square * Norfolk Terrace * Old Steine * Oriental Place * Palmeira Square * Park Crescent * Pelham Square * Powis Square * Regency Square * Roundhill Crescent * Royal Crescent * Russell Square * Vernon Terrace * Wykeham Terrace

Commercial buildings

* Amex House
Amex House
* Churchill Square * Citibase Brighton, 95 Ditchling Road * Gothic House, 95–96 Western Road * Hanningtons * 20–22 Marlborough Place * 155–158 North Street * 163 North Street * 2–3 Pavilion Buildings * Princes House, 166–169 North Street * 9 Pool Valley

Institutional and civic buildings

* BHASVIC * Brighton
Brighton
General Hospital * Brighton
Brighton
Town Hall * Hove Town Hall * Jubilee Library * Kings House * Ovingdean Hall School * Preston Barracks * Royal Alexandra Hospital * Royal Sussex County Hospital * The Keep * The Montefiore Hospital * University of Brighton
Brighton
* University of Sussex * Varndean College
Varndean College
* SCHOOLS: LIST OF FORMER BOARD SCHOOLS * Blatchington Mill School * Brighton
Brighton
Aldridge Community Academy * Brighton
Brighton
and Hove High School * Brighton
Brighton
College * Brighton
Brighton
College Preparatory School * Cardinal Newman RC School * Deepdene School * The Dharma School * Dorothy Stringer High School * Hove Park School * King\'s School * Longhill High School * Ovingdean Hall School * Patcham High School * Portslade Aldridge Community Academy * Roedean School * St Aubyns School * Varndean School

HOTELS AND INNS

* HOTELS: Bedford * Grand (1984 bombing ) * Metropole * Old Ship * Norfolk * Royal Albion * Royal York * INNS AND PUBS: The Cricketers * Freemasons Tavern * Hangleton Manor Inn * King and Queen * Royal Pavilion Tavern

Entertainment and leisure

* Astoria (former) * Brighton
Brighton
Centre * Brighton
Brighton
Dome and Studio (Pavilion) Theatre * Brighton
Brighton
Hippodrome (former) * Brighton
Brighton
Marina * Brighton
Brighton
Wheel * Duke of York\'s Picture House * Falmer Stadium
Falmer Stadium
* Komedia
Komedia
* King Alfred Centre * Marlborough Pub and Theatre * Medina House
Medina House
* Old Market * Regent Cinema (demolished) * Royal Pavilion
Royal Pavilion
* Saltdean Lido
Saltdean Lido
* Theatre Royal * Withdean Stadium * MUSEUMS: Booth Museum * Brighton
Brighton
Fishing Museum * Brighton
Brighton
Museum and Art Gallery * Brighton
Brighton
Toy and Model Museum * British Engineerium * Hove Museum and Art Gallery

PIERS

* Brighton
Brighton
Palace Pier * Royal Suspension Chain Pier
Royal Suspension Chain Pier
(demolished) * West Pier
West Pier

WINDMILLS

* Beacon Mill, Rottingdean * Waterhall Mill, Patcham * West Blatchington Windmill

MISCELLANEOUS

* Anthaeum (demolished) * Barford Court * Chattri * Clock Tower * 11 Dyke Road * Foredown Tower * Hove War Memorial * i360 * Patcham Pylons * Pepper Pot * Ralli Hall * St Dunstan\'s * Sassoon Mausoleum
Sassoon Mausoleum
*