Paddington is an area within the City of Westminster, in central
London. First a medieval parish then a metropolitan borough, it was
Greater London in 1965. Three
important landmarks of the district are
Paddington station, designed
by the celebrated engineer
Isambard Kingdom Brunel
Isambard Kingdom Brunel and opened in 1847;
St Mary's Hospital; and
Paddington Green Police Station
Paddington Green Police Station (the most
important high-security police station in the United Kingdom).
A major project called
Paddington Waterside aims to regenerate former
railway and canal land between 1998 and 2018, and the area is seeing
many new developments. Offshoot districts (historically within
Paddington) are Maida Vale, Westbourne and
1.3 Colloquial expressions
3.1 Browning's Pool
5.1 Renewal proposal, 2018–2023
7 People from Paddington
8 Notable residents
10 In literature and film
11 Image gallery
12 See also
14 External links
A map showing the wards of
Paddington Metropolitan Borough as they
appeared in 1916.
The earliest extant references to Padington, historically a part of
Middlesex, appear in documentation of purported 10th-century land
grants to the monks of
Edgar the Peaceful
Edgar the Peaceful as confirmed
by Archbishop Dunstan. However, the documents' provenance is much
later and likely to have been forged after the 1066 Norman conquest.
There is no mention of the place (or Westbourne or Knightsbridge) in
Domesday Book of 1086. It has been reasonably speculated that a
Saxon settlement was located around the intersection of the northern
and western Roman roads, corresponding with the
Edgware Road (Watling
Street) and the Harrow and
Uxbridge Roads. A more reliable
12th-century document cited by the cleric
Isaac Maddox (1697–1759)
establishes that part of the land was held by brothers "Richard and
William de Padinton".
In the later
Elizabethan and early Stuart era, the rectory, manor and
associated estate houses were occupied by the Small (or Smale) family.
Nicholas Small was a clothworker who was sufficiently well connected
to have Holbein paint a portrait of his wife, Jane Small. Nicholas
died in 1565 and his wife married again, to Nicholas Parkinson of
Paddington who became master of the Clothworker's company. Jane Small
continued to live in
Paddington after her second husband's death, and
her manor house was big enough to have been let to Sir John Popham,
the attorney general, in the 1580s. They let the building that became
in this time Blowers Inn.
As the regional population grew in the 17th century, Paddington's
ancient Hundred of
Ossulstone was split into divisions; Holborn
Division replaced the hundred for most administrative purposes. By
1773, a contemporary historian felt and wrote that "London may now be
said to include two cities, one borough and forty six antient
[ancient] villages [among which]...
Paddington and [adjoining]
Roman roads formed the parish's north-eastern and southern boundaries
from Marble Arch:
Watling Street (later
Edgware Road) and; (the)
Uxbridge road, known by the 1860s in this neighbourhood as Bayswater
Road. They were toll roads in much of the 18th century, before and
after the dismantling of the permanent Tyburn gallows "tree" at their
junction in 1759 a junction now known as Marble Arch. By 1801, the
area saw the start-point of an improved
Harrow Road and an arm of the
Grand Junction Canal
Grand Junction Canal (Grand Union Canal); these remain.:p.174
Main article: Tyburnia
In the 19th century the part of the parish most sandwiched between
Edgware Road and Westbourne Terrace, Gloucester Terrace and Craven
Hill, bounded to the south by
Bayswater Road, was known as Tyburnia.
The district formed the centrepiece of an 1824 masterplan by Samuel
Pepys Cockerell to redevelop the Tyburn Estate (historic lands of the
Bishop of London) into a residential area to rival Belgravia.
The area was laid out in the mid-1800s when grand squares and
cream-stuccoed terraces started to fill the acres between Paddington
station and Hyde Park; however, the plans were never realised in full.
Despite this, Thackeray described the residential district of Tyburnia
as "the elegant, the prosperous, the polite Tyburnia, the most
respectable district of the habitable globe." 
Derivation of the name is uncertain. Speculative explanations include
Padre-ing-tun (father's meadow village), Pad-ing-tun (pack-horse
meadow village), and Pæding-tun (village of the race of Pæd)
the last being the cited suggestion of the Victorian Anglo-Saxon
scholar John Mitchell Kemble. There is another
Paddington in Surrey,
recorded in the
Domesday Book as "Padendene" and possibly
associated with the same ancient family. A lord named Padda is
named in the Domesday Book, associated with Brampton, Suffolk.
An 18th-century dictionary gives "
Paddington Fair Day. An execution
day, Tyburn being in the parish or neighbourhood of Paddington. To
Paddington frisk ; to be hanged." Public executions
were abolished in
England in 1868.
Paddington district is centred around
Paddington railway station.
The conventional recognised boundary of the district is much smaller
than the longstanding pre-mid-19th century parish. That parish was
virtually equal to the borough abolished in 1965. It is divided from a
Maida Vale by the Regent's Canal; its overlap is the
artisan and touristic neighbourhood of Little Venice. In the east of
the district around
Paddington Green it remains divided from
Edgware Road (as commonly heard in spoken form, the
Edgware Road). In the south west it is bounded by its south and
western offshoot Bayswater. A final offshoot, Westbourne, rises to the
A lagoon created in the 1810s at the convergence of the
of the Grand Union Canal, the
Regent's Canal and the
It is an important focal point of the Little Venice area. It is
reputedly named after Robert Browning, the poet. More recently known
as the "Little Venice Lagoon" it contains a small islet known as
Browning's Island. Interestingly while Browning was thought to have
coined the name "Little Venice" for this spot there are strong
arguments Lord Byron was responsible.
Main article: London
Paddington station is the iconic landmark associated with the area. In
the station are statues of its designer, Isambard Kingdom Brunel, and
the children's fiction character
The terminus of the
Paddington Arm of the
Grand Union Canal
Grand Union Canal and its
surrounding area now known as Merchant Square. The former
transshipment facility the surrounds of the canal basin named merchant
square have been redeveloped to provide 2,000,000 sq ft
(190,000 m2) of offices, homes, shops and leisure facilities.
The redeveloped basin has some innovative features including
Heatherwicks Rolling Bridge, the Merchant Square Fan Bridge and the
Floating Pocket Park.
Paddington Waterside § PaddingtonCentral
Situated to the north of the railway as it enters
and to the south of the Westway flyover and with the canal to the east
the former railway goods yard has been developed into a modern complex
with wellbeing, leisure, retail and leisure facilities. The public
area from the canal to Sheldon Square with the amphitheatre hosts
leisure faciliites and special events.
Paddington Green, London
A green space and conservation area in the east of the Paddington
district immediately to the north of the Westway and west of Edgeware
Road. It includes St Mary on
Paddington Green Church. The Paddington
Green campus of the
City of Westminster
City of Westminster College is adjacent to the
Paddington Green Police Station
Paddington Green Police Station is immediately to the north
west of the intersection of Westway and Edgeware Road.
Paddington lies within the
Transport for London
Transport for London (TfL) area and has the
usually array of taxi, bus, rail and bicycle facilities associated
with a central London area.
The east of the district is bounded by the A5 (
Edgware Road) which
also is a main route out for connections to the North Circular Road
M1 motorway at Staples Corner. The
Marylebone flyover carries the
A40 trunk road over
Edgware Road and thereafter continues as the
elevated Westway towards the
M40 motorway through the north of the
Paddington station is the terminus for mainline and regional services
West Country and South Wales. As well as the Heathrow
Express premium service it is also the London terminus for ferry
connections to south east
Ireland via Rosslare Europort. The station
provides commuter services to the west of london and
should be supplemented by
Elizabeth line (crossrail) services which
are expected to open in stages from May 2018.
The district has two London Underground stations: one on Praed Street
served by the Bakerloo, Circle and District lines and one at
Paddington Basin served by the Circle and
Hammersmith & City
Commercial traffic on the
Grand Junction Canal
Grand Junction Canal (which became the Grand
Union Canal in 1929) dwindled because of railway competition in the
late-19th and early-20th centuries, and freight then moved from rail
to road after World War II, leading to the abandonment of the goods
yards in the early 1980s. The land lay derelict until the Paddington
Waterside Partnership was established in 1998 to co-ordinate the
regeneration of the area between the Westway,
Praed Street and
Westbourne Terrace. This includes major developments on the goods yard
site (now branded
Paddington Central) and around the canal (Paddington
Basin). As of October 2017[update] much of these developments have
been completed and are in use.
Renewal proposal, 2018–2023
PaddingtonNow BID put forward a renewal bid in 2017 covering the
period April 2018 to March 2023, which would be supported by a levy on
local businesses. Development schemes for St. Mary's Hospital and
Paddington Square are likely to commence in this period, and the
impact of the opening of the
Elizabeth line in 2018 would be soon
Paddington has a number of
Anglican churches, including St James's, St
Mary Magdalene and St Peter's. In addition, there is a large Muslim
population in and around Paddington.
People from Paddington
See also: Category:People from
Paddington and St Mary's Hospital,
London § Notable births
Kriss Akabusi, athlete
Edward Bailey Ashmore, Army officer
Robert Baden-Powell, Army officer
George Butterworth, classical music composer
Joe Cole, professional footballer
Joan Collins, actress
Elvis Costello, pop musician
George Thomas Dorrell, recipient of the Victoria Cross
Paul Eddington, actor
Les Ferdinand, professional footballer
Andy Fraser, professional songwriter and bass guitarist
Edward Thomas ("E. T.") Heron (1867–1949), cine trade publisher
Alan Johnson, politician
Paddington Tom Jones, boxer
Patrick Macnee, actor
Rhona Mitra, actress
Alfred Molina, actor
Steve New, pop musician
Hermione Norris, actress
George Osborne, politician,
Michael Page, professional boxer and mixed martial artist
William Page, historian
Mark Pougatch, freelance radio and television broadcaster, a
journalist and author
Seal, pop musician
David Suchet, actor
ITN newsreader, journalist
Kiefer Sutherland, actor
Emma Thompson, actress
Ferdinand Maurice Felix West, recipient of the Victoria Cross
Alan Turing, mathematician
Between 1805 and 1817, the great actress
Sarah Siddons lived at
Desborough House, (which was demolished before 1853 to make way
for the Great Western Railway) and was buried at
near the later graves of the eminent painters
Benjamin Haydon and
William Collins.:p.183 Her brother
Charles Kemble also built a
house, Desborough Lodge, in the vicinity—in which she may have lived
later.:p.230 In later years, the actress Yootha Joyce, best known
for her part in the classic television comedy George and Mildred,
lived at 198 Sussex Gardens.
One of Napoleon's nephews, Prince Louis Lucien Bonaparte
(1813–1891), a notable comparative linguist and dialectologist, who
spent most of his adult life in England, had a house in Norfolk
Terrace, Westbourne Park.:p.200
The eccentric philanthropist
Ann Thwaytes lived at 17 Hyde Park
Gardens between 1840 and 1866.
The Victorian poet
Robert Browning moved from No. 1 Chichester Road to
Beauchamp Lodge, 19 Warwick Crescent, in 1862 and lived there until
1887.:pp.199 He is reputed to have named that locality, on the
junction of two canals, "Little Venice". But this has been disputed by
Lord Kinross in 1966 and more recently by londoncanals.uk
who both assert that Lord Byron humorously coined the name. The name
is now applied, more loosely, to a longer reach of the canal system.
St Mary's Hospital in
Praed Street is the site of several notable
medical accomplishments. In 1874, C. R. Alder Wright synthesised
heroin (diacetylmorphine). Also there, in 1928, Sir Alexander Fleming
first isolated penicillin, earning the award of a Nobel Prize. The
hospital has an
Alexander Fleming Laboratory Museum where visitors
can see Fleming's laboratory, restored to its 1928 condition, and
explore the story of Fleming and the discovery and development of
penicillin through displays and video.
Edward Wilson, physician, naturalist and ornithologist, who died in
1912 on Captain Robert Scott's ill-fated British Antarctic expedition,
had earlier practised as a doctor in Paddington. The former Senior
Street primary school was renamed the Edward Wilson School after him
Lucian Freud had his studio in Paddington, first at
Delamere Terrace from 1943 to 1962, and then at 124 Clarendon Crescent
from 1962 to 1977.
For education in Paddington, see List of schools in the City of
In literature and film
Paddington in the 17th century is one of the settings in the
fiction-based-on-fact novel A Spurious Brood, which tells the story of
Katherine More, whose children were transported to America on board
the Pilgrim Fathers' ship, the Mayflower.
Timothy Forsyte of John Galsworthy's
The Forsyte Saga
The Forsyte Saga and other
relatives resided in
Paddington Bear, from "deepest, darkest Peru", emigrated to England
The Blue Lamp
The Blue Lamp (1950) and
Never Let Go
Never Let Go (1960) depict many
Paddington streets, which suffered bombing in World War II and were
subsequently demolished in the early 1960s to make way for the Westway
elevated road and the Warwick Estate housing redevelopment.
Paddington Basin, Grand Union Canal
Victoria pub, Gloucester Square
Paddington Green (TV series)
Pretty Polly Perkins of
^ "London's Places" (PDF). The London Plan.
Greater London Authority.
2011. p. 46. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
^ Robins, pp 1-5
^ Robins, pp 7-9
^ Robins, p 12
^ Holbein's Miniature of Jane Pemberton – a further note. Author:
Lorne Campbell. Source: The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 132, No. 1044
(Mar. 1990), pp. 213–214.
Ossulstone Hundred at British History Online
^ Noorthouck, J., A New History of London 1773; Online edition
sponsored by Centre for Metropolitan History: (Book 2, Ch. 1:
Situation and general view of London) Date accessed: 6 July 2009.
^ a b c d e Elrington C. R. (Editor), Baker T. F. T., Bolton D. K.,
Croot P. E. C. (1989) A History of the County of
page number from the Table of Contents])
^ Walford, Edward. "Tyburn and Tyburnia". Old and New London: Volume
5. British History Online. Retrieved 27 September 2013.
^ Brewer, E. Cobham. "Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (1898)".
Bartleby.com. Retrieved 27 September 2013.
^ Robins, William
Paddington Past and Present Caxton Steam Printing
^ Robins, pp.110-111
Paddington at Open Domesday
^ Robins p.114
^ Brooks, C.
Paddington in Internet Surname Database
^ Name: Padda at Open Domesday
^ Grose, Francis
Paddington in A Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar
Tongue, 3rd edn, Hooper and Wigstead, London 1796. Online copy at
^ Brewer, Rev. E. Cobham A Dictionary of Phrase and Fable p.869,
revised edn., Cassell 2001
^ a b "Letter to the Daily Telegraph". London Canals. 1966. Archived
from the original on 2 Feb 2017. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
Paddington Basin / Merchant Square".
Partnership. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 1
Paddington Water Taxi service launched". The Paddington
Partnership. 6 June 2017. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
Paddington Central". British Land. Retrieved 2 October
^ "Events". British Land. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
Elizabeth line - Countdown to Launch". Transport for London.
Archived from the original on 30 September 2017. Retrieved 30
^ a b "
Paddington Renewal Proposal 2018-2013" (PDF). PaddingtonNow.
2017. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
^ Jeal, Tim (1989). Baden-Powell. London: Hutchinson.
^ a b c d e f g h i j Most popular people born in Paddington, London
at IMDb. 68 names, accessed 17 February 2014
Hermione Norris IMDB profile". www.imdb.com. Retrieved 10 August
^ "Bellator 144: Michael Page aiming to be the new face of mixed
martial arts in the UK". telegraph.co.uk. 23 October 2015.
^ From differences in the following two sources, it may be inferred
that Mrs Siddons lived in Desborough House, not Desborough Lodge. The
former was destroyed before 1853, the latter a few years later when
Cirencester and Woodchester streets were built.
^ Robins, William
Paddington Past and Present Caxton Steam Printing
^ Page 7369 entry in London Gazette, 28 May 1981
^ Bundock, Mike (2000). Herne Bay Clock Tower: A Descriptive History.
Herne Bay: Pierhead Publications. ISBN 9780953897704
^ Friends of Broadwater and Worthing Cemetery: Broadsheet, Issue 10,
Spring 2011 "Ann Thwaytes" by Rosemeary Pearson, p.11.
^ Letter to the Daily Telegraph, 1966
^ The history of the place name known as 'Little Venice' Archived 9
March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Fleming Museum Archived 11 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Debray, C. Lucian Freud: The Studio (2010)
^ Galsworthy, J.
The Forsyte Saga
The Forsyte Saga p.441, Heinemann edn 1922
^ (History) All about
Paddington Archived 6 October 2014 at the
Wayback Machine. at paddington.com
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for
Paddington - Maida Vale.
Media related to Paddington, London at Wikimedia Commons
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