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The Pacific Islands
Pacific Islands
are the islands of the Pacific Ocean. Three major groups of islands in the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
are Polynesia, Micronesia
Micronesia
and Melanesia. Depending on the context, Pacific Islands
Pacific Islands
may refer to countries and islands with common Austronesian origins, islands once or currently colonized, or Oceania. The indigenous inhabitants of the Pacific Islands are referred to as Pacific Islanders.

Contents

1 Name ambiguity 2 Pacific islands by area (over 10,000 square kilometers) 3 List of islands

3.1 Pacific islands by region

3.1.1 Antarctica 3.1.2 Asia 3.1.3 North America 3.1.4 Oceania 3.1.5 South America

4 See also 5 Footnotes 6 References

Name ambiguity[edit] In English, the umbrella term Pacific Islands
Pacific Islands
may take on several meanings. Sometimes it refers to only those islands covered by the continent of Oceania.[1][2] In some common uses, the term "Pacific Islands" refers to the islands of the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
once colonized by the British, French, Dutch, United States, and Japanese, such as the Pitcairn Islands, Taiwan, and Borneo.[3] In other uses it may refer to islands with Austronesian heritage like Taiwan, Indonesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Myanmar islands, which found their genesis in the Neolithic cultures of the island of Taiwan.[4] There are many other islands located within the boundaries of the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
that are not considered part of Oceania. These islands include the Galápagos Islands of Ecuador; the Aleutian Islands
Aleutian Islands
in Alaska, United States; Vancouver Island
Island
in Canada; the Russian islands of Sakhalin
Sakhalin
and Kuril Islands; the island nation of Taiwan
Taiwan
and other islands of the Republic of China; the Philippines; islands in the South China
China
Sea, which includes the disputed South China
China
Sea Islands; most of the islands of Indonesia; and the island nation of Japan, which comprises the Japanese Archipelago. Pacific islands by area (over 10,000 square kilometers)[edit] This list includes all islands found in the geographic Pacific Ocean, with an area larger than 10,000 square kilometers.

Name Area (km2) Country/Countries Population Population density Notes

New Guinea 785,753 Indonesia
Indonesia
& Papua New Guinea 7,500,000 9.544

Honshu 227,960 Japan 103,000,000 451.8

Sulawesi 174,600 Indonesia 18,455,000 105.7

South Island 145,836 New Zealand 1,038,600 7.122

North Island 111,583 New Zealand 3,393,900 30.42

Luzon 109,965 Philippines 48,520,000 441.2

Mindanao 104,530 Philippines 25,281,000 241.9

Tasmania 90,758 Australia 514,700 5.671

Hokkaido 77,981 Japan 5,474,000 70.2

Sakhalin 72,493 Russia 580,000 8.001

Taiwan 35,883 Taiwan 23,000,000 641

Kyushu 35,640 Japan 13,231,000 371.2

Hainan 35,400 People's Republic of China 8,900,000 251.4

New Britain 35,145 Papua New Guinea 513,926 14.62

Vancouver Island 31,285 Canada 759,366 24.27

Shikoku 18,800 Japan 4,141,955 220.3

New Caledonia 16,648 France 208,709 12.54

Palawan 12,189 Philippines 430,000 35.28

Viti Levu 10,531 Fiji 600,000 56.97

Hawaii 10,434 United States
United States
of America 185,079 17.74

List of islands[edit] Main article: List of islands in the Pacific Ocean Pacific islands by region[edit] Antarctica[edit]

List of islands of Antarctica and the Southern Ocean

Asia[edit]

List of islands of Asia list of islands of Oceania

North America[edit]

List of islands of North America List of islands of Central America List of islands of Canada, section British Columbia List of islands of Mexico List of islands of the United States

Oceania[edit]

List of islands of Australia List of islands of Kiribati List of islands of New Zealand List of islands of the Marshall Islands List of islands of the Solomon Islands List of islands of Tonga List of islands of Tuvalu List of islands of Vanuatu List of islands of France, section Pacific Islands List of islands of the Pitcairn Islands List of islands of Hawaii List of islands of the United States, section Insular areas

South America[edit]

List of islands of South America List of islands of Chile List of islands of Colombia List of islands of Ecuador List of islands of Peru

See also[edit]

List of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic islands List of islands in the Arctic Ocean List of islands in the Atlantic Ocean List of islands in the Indian Ocean List of islands (islands around the world) List of island countries

Footnotes[edit]

^ D'Arcy, Paul (March 2006). The People of the Sea: Environment, Identity, and History in Oceania. University Of Hawai'i Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-3297-1. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ Rapaport, Moshe (April 2013). The Pacific Islands: Environment and Society, Revised Edition. University of Hawai'i Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-6584-9. JSTOR j.ctt6wqh08. This is the only contemporary text on the Pacific Islands
Pacific Islands
that covers both environment and sociocultural issues and will thus be indispensable for any serious student of the region. Unlike other reviews, it treats the entirety of Oceania
Oceania
(with the exception of Australia) and is well illustrated with numerous photos and maps, including a regional atlas.  – via  JSTOR
JSTOR
(subscription required) ^ Wright, John K. (July 1942). "Pacific Islands". Geographical Review. 32 (3): 481–486. doi:10.2307/210391. JSTOR 210391.  – via  JSTOR
JSTOR
(subscription required) ^ Blundell, David (January 2011). " Taiwan
Taiwan
Austronesian Language Heritage Connecting Pacific Island
Island
Peoples: Diplomacy and Values" (PDF). IJAPS. 7 (1): 75–91. Retrieved 2 May 2015. 

References[edit]

William Collins Sons & Co Ltd (1983), Collins Atlas of the World (revised 1995 ed.), London W6 8JB: HarperCollins, ISBN 0-00-448227-1 

v t e

Countries and territories of Oceania

Sovereign states

Entire

Australia Federated States of Micronesia Fiji Kiribati Marshall Islands Nauru New Zealand Palau Papua New Guinea Samoa Solomon Islands Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu

In part

Chile

Easter Island Juan Fernández Islands

Indonesia

West Papua Papua

Japan

Bonin Islands Minami-Tori-Shima

United States

Hawaii Palmyra Atoll

Associated states of New Zealand

Niue Cook Islands

Dependencies and other territories

Australia

Ashmore and Cartier Islands Coral Sea Islands Norfolk Island

United States

American Samoa Baker Island Guam Howland Island Jarvis Island Johnston Atoll Kingman Reef Midway Atoll Northern Mariana Islands Wake Island

New Zealand

Tokelau

France

French Polynesia New Caledonia Wallis and Futuna

United Kingdom

Pitcairn Islands

v t e

Regions of Oceania

Australasia

Gulf of Carpentaria New Guinea

Bonis Peninsula Papuan Peninsula Huon Peninsula Huon Gulf Bird's Head Peninsula Gazelle Peninsula

New Zealand

South Island North Island

Coromandel Peninsula

Zealandia New Caledonia Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
(archipelago) Vanuatu

Kula Gulf

Australia Capital Country Eastern Australia Lake Eyre basin Murray–Darling basin Northern Australia Nullarbor Plain Outback Southern Australia

Maralinga

Sunraysia Great Victoria Desert Gulf of Carpentaria Gulf St Vincent Lefevre Peninsula Fleurieu Peninsula Yorke Peninsula Eyre Peninsula Mornington Peninsula Bellarine Peninsula Mount Henry Peninsula

Melanesia

Islands Region

Bismarck Archipelago Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Archipelago

Fiji New Caledonia Papua New Guinea Vanuatu

Micronesia

Caroline Islands

Federated States of Micronesia Palau

Guam Kiribati Marshall Islands Nauru Northern Mariana Islands Wake Island

Polynesia

Easter Island Hawaiian Islands Cook Islands French Polynesia

Austral Islands Gambier Islands Marquesas Islands Society Islands Tuamotu

Kermadec Islands Mangareva Islands Samoa Tokelau Tonga Tuvalu

Ring of Fire

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 25297

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