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The PACIFIC ISLANDS are the islands of the Pacific Ocean . Three major groups of islands in the Pacific Ocean are Polynesia , Micronesia and Melanesia .

Depending on the context, _Pacific Islands_ may refer to countries and islands with common Austronesian origins, islands once or currently colonized , or Oceania .

CONTENTS

* 1 Name ambiguity * 2 Pacific islands by area (over 10,000 square kilometers)

* 3 List of islands

* 3.1 Pacific islands by continent

* 3.1.1 Antarctica * 3.1.2 Asia * 3.1.3 North America * 3.1.4 Oceania * 3.1.5 South America

* 4 See also * 5 Footnotes * 6 References

NAME AMBIGUITY

In English, the umbrella term _Pacific Islands_ may take on several meanings. Sometimes it refers to only those islands covered by the continent of Oceania. In some common uses, the term "Pacific Islands" refers to the islands of the Pacific Ocean once colonized by the British, French, Dutch, United States, and Japanese, such as the Pitcairn Islands, Taiwan, and Borneo. In other uses it may refer to islands with Austronesian heritage like Taiwan, Indonesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Myanmar islands, which found their genesis in the Neolithic cultures of the island of Taiwan. There are many other islands located within the boundaries of the Pacific Ocean that are not considered part of Oceania. These islands include the Galápagos Islands of Ecuador ; the Aleutian Islands in Alaska , United States ; Vancouver Island in Canada; the Russian islands of Sakhalin and Kuril Islands ; the island nation of Taiwan and other islands of the Republic of China ; the Philippines ; islands in the South China Sea , which includes the disputed South China Sea Islands ; most of the islands of Indonesia ; and the island nation of Japan , which comprises the Japanese Archipelago .

PACIFIC ISLANDS BY AREA (OVER 10,000 SQUARE KILOMETERS)

This list includes all islands found in the geographic Pacific Ocean, with an area larger than 10,000 square kilometers.

NAME AREA (KM2) COUNTRY OR COUNTRIES POPULATION POPULATION DENSITY NOTES

New Guinea 785,753 Indonesia -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ D'Arcy, Paul (March 2006). _The People of the Sea: Environment, Identity, and History in Oceania_. University Of Hawai\'i Press . ISBN 978-0-8248-3297-1 . Retrieved 14 December 2014. * ^ Rapaport, Moshe (April 2013). _The Pacific Islands: Environment and Society, Revised Edition_. University of Hawai\'i Press . ISBN 978-0-8248-6584-9 . JSTOR j.ctt6wqh08 . This is the only contemporary text on the Pacific Islands that covers both environment and sociocultural issues and will thus be indispensable for any serious student of the region. Unlike other reviews, it treats the entirety of Oceania (with the exception of Australia) and is well illustrated with numerous photos and maps, including a regional atlas. – via JSTOR (subscription required) * ^ Wright, John K. (July 1942). "Pacific Islands". _Geographical Review _. 32 (3): 481–486. JSTOR 210391 . doi :10.2307/210391 . – via JSTOR (subscription required) * ^ Blundell, David (January 2011). " Taiwan Austronesian Language Heritage Connecting Pacific Island Peoples: Diplomacy and Values" (PDF). _IJAPS_. 7 (1): 75–91. Retrieved 2 May 2015.

REFERENCES

* William Collins Sons & Co Ltd (1983), _Collins Atlas of the World_ (revised 1995 ed.), London W6 8JB: HarperCollins, ISBN 0-00-448227-1

* v * t * e

Countries and territories of Oceania

SOVEREIGN STATES

ENTIRE

* Australia * Federated States of Micronesia * Fiji * Kiribati * Marshall Islands * Nauru * New Zealand * Palau * Papua New Guinea * Samoa * Solomon Islands * Tonga * Tuvalu * Vanuatu

IN PART

* Chile

* Easter Island * Juan Fernández Islands

* Indonesia

* West Papua * Papua

* Japan

* Bonin Islands

* United States

* Hawaii * Palmyra Atoll

Associated states of New Zealand

* Niue * Cook Islands

Dependencies and other territories

AUSTRALIA

* Ashmore and Cartier Islands * Christmas Island * Cocos (Keeling) Islands * Coral Sea Islands * Macquarie Islands * Norfolk Island

UNITED STATES

* American Samoa * Baker Island * Guam * Howland Island * Jarvis Island * Johnston Atoll * Kingman Reef * Midway Atoll * Northern Mariana Islands * Wake Island

OTHERS

* French Polynesia / New Caledonia / Wallis and Futuna

* France

* Auckland Islands / Campbell Island / Tokelau / Chatham Islands

* New Zealand

* Pitcairn Islands

* UK

* v * t * e

Regions of Oceania

AUSTRALASIA

* Gulf of Carpentaria

* New Guinea

* Bonis Peninsula * Papuan Peninsula * Huon Peninsula * Huon Gulf * Bird\'s Head Peninsula * Gazelle Peninsula

* New Zealand

* South Island

* North Island

* Coromandel Peninsula

* Zealandia * New Caledonia * Solomon Islands (archipelago)

* Vanuatu

* Kula Gulf

* Australia * Capital Country * Eastern Australia * Lake Eyre basin * Murray–Darling basin * Northern Australia * Nullarbor Plain * Outback

* Southern Australia

* Maralinga

* Sunraysia * Great Victoria Desert * Gulf of Carpentaria * Gulf St Vincent * Lefevre Peninsula * Fleurieu Peninsula * Yorke Peninsula * Eyre Peninsula * Mornington Peninsula * Bellarine Peninsula * Mount Henry Peninsula

MELANESIA

* Islands Region

* Bismarck Archipelago * Solomon Islands Archipelago

* Fiji * New Caledonia * Papua New Guinea * Vanuatu

MICRONESIA

* Caroline Islands

* Federated States of Micronesia * Palau

* Guam * Kiribati * Marshall Islands * Nauru * Northern Mariana Islands * Wake Island

POLYNESIA

* Easter Island * Hawaiian Islands * Cook Islands

* French Polynesia

* Austral Islands * Gambier Islands * Marquesas Islands * Society Islands * Tuamotu

* Kermadec Islands * Mangareva Islands * Samoa * Tokelau * Tonga * Tuvalu

* Ring of Fire

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 252978326 * NDL : 00572514

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