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Ouigo
Ouigo
(French pronunciation: ​[wiˈɡo]) is a French low-cost train service based at Marne-la-Vallée
Marne-la-Vallée
(near Paris) offering services to the north, the north-west and the south-east of France. It is a subsidiary of the French national rail company SNCF, but it is independently run from its parent company. The service was announced by the head of SNCF, Guillaume Pepy on 19 February 2013,[1] and it launched services on 2 April that year.

Contents

1 Reason of creation 2 Concept 3 Stations 4 Pricing & fees 5 Reception 6 Future 7 References 8 External links

Reason of creation[edit] Unlike Europe's relatively liberalized airline market (open skies), high speed railways in France (and generally in Europe) are a monopoly owned and operated by the government. However ongoing talks about high speed railways liberalization, targeted for as early as December 2019, and competition from low-cost airlines, as well as the anticipation of a deregulation of the intercity bus market as had happened in Germany the previous year and would occur shortly thereafter in France, led to the creation in 2013 of the Ouigo
Ouigo
service.[2][3][4] Concept[edit] The idea of service is based on low-cost airlines such as Ryanair
Ryanair
and EasyJet; accordingly, Ouigo
Ouigo
uses the following practices:

Tickets can only be bought on-line through a dedicated website or mobile app, not from ticket machines, ticket counters or through the regular SNCF
SNCF
website. They must be purchased at least 4 hours in advance of the journey. Four days before passengers' travel, they receive an e-mail of the ticket which they may print out at home, or they may use the mobile app to access the e-ticket.

Since October 2013, customers can also book tickets via the non-affiliated booking agent Captain Train.[5]

Ouigo
Ouigo
uses modified double-decker TGV Duplex
TGV Duplex
trains, which are single 2nd class made up of either 2x2 or 3x1 abreast, and lack a buffet car. This leads to the train carrying up 1200 passengers, which is 20% more passengers than regular TGV Duplex
TGV Duplex
trains. Similar to some low cost airlines, whilst a piece of hand luggage (maximum size, 35 cm×55 cm×25 cm) is allowed free of charge, larger bags must be paid for. Like the low-cost carriers' use of secondary airports like Paris-Beauvais
Paris-Beauvais
instead of major airports like Paris-Charles de Gaulle, the company uses some non-major railway stations like Marne-la-Vallée for Paris instead of Paris-Gare de Lyon, Tourcoing for Lille
Lille
and Lyon Saint-Exupéry for Lyon. The reason for this is that like the low-cost carriers which uses the secondary airports due to lower fees, Ouigo uses the outgoing stations due to lower fees imposed by the rail network company, SNCF
SNCF
Réseau. The trains carry fewer staff, which like on low-cost airliners are tasked as well to do basic maintenance of the train as well as serving passengers. The company sweats its assets by using the trains for up to 13 hours a day, compared to just seven on a regular TGV. Like some low-cost air carriers, the only way customers can contact the company is via their website. There is no customer service phone number or e-mail address.[6]

Stations[edit]

Two TGV
TGV
"Dasye" in Ouigo
Ouigo
colors on the way from Marseilles to Paris, near Montboucher-sur-Jabron

Ouigo
Ouigo
offers trains stopping at a number of stations. Unlike standard TGV
TGV
services, and in order to offer lower fares, the company uses non-major stations for main destinations such as Paris or Lyon. The stations served are: on the Paris to the south east route are Marne-la-Vallée, Lyon Saint-Exupéry, Lyon Part-Dieu, Lyon Perrache, Valence, Nîmes, Montpellier, Avignon, Aix en Provence and Marseille, The north-east to the north-west route are Tourcoing (near Lille) Nantes, Rennes, TGV
TGV
Haute-Picardie, Aéroport Charles de Gaulle, Massy TGV, Le Mans and Angers-Saint-Laud..

Service from to Services per Week

Marne-la-Vallée
Marne-la-Vallée
– Chessy Marseille Saint-Charles 14

Marne-la-Vallée
Marne-la-Vallée
– Chessy Montpellier Saint-Roch 8

Marne-la-Vallée
Marne-la-Vallée
– Chessy Lyon-Part-Dieu 6

Marseille Saint-Charles Marne-la-Vallée
Marne-la-Vallée
– Chessy 17

Marseille Saint-Charles Lyon-Perrache 1

Montpellier Saint-Roch Marne-la-Vallée
Marne-la-Vallée
– Chessy 7

Montpellier Saint-Roch Lyon-Perrache 1

Lyon-Perrache Marne-la-Vallée
Marne-la-Vallée
– Chessy 4

Lyon-Perrache Marseille Saint-Charles 4

Lyon-Perrache Tourcoing 7

Lyon-Perrache Nantes 1

Tourcoing Nantes 6

Tourcoing Rennes 7

Tourcoing Lyon-Part-Dieu 7

Rennes Lyon-Part-Dieu 1

Rennes Tourcoing 6

Nantes Tourcoing 7

Pricing & fees[edit] In order to offer significantly lower prices than on standard TGV trains, Ouigo
Ouigo
trains lack a buffet car, have a greater number of more tightly packed seats, and use non-major stations. Adult fares can vary from as little as €10 to a maximum of €115 per journey depending on the time of the journey and how far it is booked in advance. Supplementary fees are as follows:

Children that are 11 or under, a flat fee of €5 is charged no matter the journey. Baggage (per piece) is €5 if booked at the time of booking, €10 prior to travelling on-line, or €20 if purchased at the station immediately prior to travel. Pets can be taken on board, however provided that they are under six kilos and they are in the carry case as part of the hand luggage they travel free. If not, they are charged a fee of €40 per animal, or €30 if they are booked at the same time as owner. Seats next to plug sockets can be reserved for a supplementary fee of €2 per person.

Reception[edit] So far reactions to the service have been mixed. In the few months between announcement to the commencing of journeys, Ouigo
Ouigo
has sold 200,000 tickets and its website has been visited by over 2 million times.[7] In the first few months, Ouigo
Ouigo
sent passengers a short questionnaire after each trip, and has had a 20% response rate. The response surprised the company with half of passengers saying they came from the regular TGV
TGV
service, short of the 70% that the company envisaged, while a quarter of respondents said they would have not made the trip without Ouigo. The survey also reported that about 90% of passengers would recommend Ouigo
Ouigo
to a friend or family member.[8] Commentators such as the travel writer Simon Calder
Simon Calder
have said that it is a third-class train service, and rail writer Mark Smith called it a rail service for flyers.[9] The head of the rail division of the left wing trade union CGT Bruno Charrier, said that it is a train created for the poor.[10] Initially non-French customers had issues trying to book tickets, as the service requested from its users a French mobile phone number and postcode. However, since October 2013 to website has been changed to allow foreign customers to book tickets.The phone number is needed to provide information by text message for passengers in case of any issues.[11] Among English-speaking high-speed rail advocates, opinion is divided. The British HSR lobbying group, Greengauge 21 is keen on the idea of a low-cost high-speed rail service, and with it the possibility of employing underused stations such as Stratford International and Ebbsfleet International.[12] The California High Speed Rail Blog finds the concept "troubling", and laments the loss of the dining car, the reduction in on-train service and the increased workload of the train staff.[13] On 12 September 2013, SNCF
SNCF
announced that a milestone of sales of over one million tickets have been sold. They also mentioned that of those tickets being sold, 35% were sold for less than €35.[14] On the 1st April 2014, SNCF
SNCF
announced that Ouigo
Ouigo
in the last year has sold over 2.5 million tickets, of which 80% were 25 euros or less. It also announced that its website has had traffic of 10 million visits.[15] On 3 September 2015, SNCF
SNCF
announced new Ouigo
Ouigo
services for start of first quarter of 2016, linking Tourcoing (near Lille) with Lyon-Part-Dieu, Nantes and Rennes, with intermediate stops in TGV Haute-Picardie, Aéroport Charles de Gaulle, Massy TGV, Le Mans and Angers-Saint-Laud. Tickets would be available from the 17 November 2015 [16][17] It was later announced that Ouigo
Ouigo
would be serving it new destinations on the 13 December 2015.[18] Future[edit] In an interview with CNN's Business Traveller, Guillaume Pepy hopes that if Ouigo
Ouigo
is successful, he hopes to expand and in the future provide services beyond France to Brussels, Amsterdam
Amsterdam
and London.[19] In March 2016, one of SNCF's international companies Thalys, launched a similar low-cost international service between Paris & Brussels called IZY. This will start on the 3rd April 2016. SNCF
SNCF
has said it hopes to extend to offer services to south west by 2017, principally Bordeaux.[20] References[edit]

^ IOVENE, Franck. "La SNCF
SNCF
présente ses TGV
TGV
low cost Ouigo
Ouigo
à la conquête de nouveaux clients". AFP. Google. Retrieved 11 April 2013.  ^ http://www.railpro.co.uk/magazine/?idArticles=1503 ^ http://www.smartplanet.com/blog/global-observer/in-paris-high-speed-trains-go-low-cost/10291 ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 April 2013. Retrieved 3 April 2013.  ^ "Carl". "Travel Cheaper by Train in France with OUIGO". Captaine Train Blog. Retrieved 26 October 2013.  ^ "contact - Vous avez des questions ? Nous vous répondons". Ouigo. Retrieved 11 April 2013.  ^ " Ouigo
Ouigo
low-cost TGV
TGV
service off to a good start". International Railway Journal. 3 April 2013. Retrieved 11 April 2013.  ^ Briginshaw, David (2013-06-04). " Ouigo
Ouigo
leads the way in low-fare high-speed rail". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 21 June 2013.  ^ Calder, Simon (23 March 2013). "Ouigo: welcome to troisième classe". The Independent. London.  ^ "Quand la CGT dénonce le TGV
TGV
low cost Ouigo
Ouigo
de la SNCF". Challengers. dailymotion.com.  ^ " Ouigo
Ouigo
Trains". tripadviser.co.uk.  ^ "Why cheap and cheerful makes good business sense". Greengauge 21. Retrieved 13 April 2013.  ^ Cruickshank, Robert. "We Go More Cheaply Across France on High Speed Rail". California High Speed Rail Blog. Retrieved 13 April 2013.  ^ Briginshaw, David. "First 1 million Ouigo
Ouigo
tickets sold". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 12 September 2013.  ^ "Le TGV
TGV
low cost Ouigo
Ouigo
a transporté 2,5 millions de passagers en un an". MobiliCités. 2014-04-01. Retrieved 4 April 2015.  ^ "DITES #OUI AUX BUS ET AUX TGV
TGV
ROSES ET BLEUS EN NORD-PAS-DE-CALAIS !". ImagineTGV. Retrieved 3 September 2015.  ^ OuiGo et OuiBus : nouvelles destinations ^ "Ouverture des ventes d'hiver 2015". Ouigo. Ouigo. Retrieved 3 November 2015.  ^ "Part 1: Europe's high speed rail future". CNN
CNN
Business Traveller. Retrieved 12 April 2013.  ^ " Ouigo
Ouigo
à la conquête de l'Ouest". Mobilicités. AFP. Retrieved 24 December 2015. 

External links[edit]

Official website News article about Ouigo
Ouigo
from the Daily Telegraph

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Subsidiaries

AREP Eurostar (55%) iDTGV InOui Keolis
Keolis
(70%) Nuovo Trasporto Viaggiatori
Nuovo Trasporto Viaggiatori
(1%) Ouibus Ouigo SNCF
SNCF
Geodis

VFLI

TGV

TGV
TGV
Lyria

Voyages-sncf.com WESTbahn
WESTbahn
(17%)

Former subsidiaries

Sea

.