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NORTHOLT is a town in north west London, England, 11 miles (17.7 km) west-northwest of Charing Cross and within the London Borough of Ealing , England
England
. Essentially a suburban development, a feature is the Grand Union Canal
Grand Union Canal
, as is the A 40 road and a history of pony racing.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Local landmarks * 3 Population * 4 Crime * 5 RAF Northolt * 6 Pony racing * 7 Education * 8 Transport * 9 Political representation * 10 Nearest places * 11 Notable people * 12 Northolt
Northolt
on television * 13 Climate * 14 References * 15 Sources * 16 External links

HISTORY

The settlement of Northolt
Northolt
is located in the ancient county of Middlesex
Middlesex
(now part of Greater London
Greater London
) and is mentioned in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
as being held by Geoffrey de Mandeville , and archaeological evidence suggests that there was a Saxon village at the location from the 8th century onwards. The medieval village had its origins in the Saxon period. Up to late Victorian times, the area was rural with predominantly arable crops being grown. The fourteenth century Northolt Manor existed behind the present Court Farm Road and was excavated from 1950 onwards. A barn constructed in the area in 1595 can now be seen in the Chiltern Open Air Museum . In the early part of the 18th century farmland was enclosed in order to provide hay for the City of London
City of London
, alongside more traditional crops such as peas and beans . The 15th-century St Mary's Church

Suburban development began in the 1920s. Most of the housing north of the Western Avenue was built in the 1920s–1930s, and is in the private housing sector. Most of the housing built to the south of the Western Avenue was built in the 1960s–1970s, and is in the social housing sectors, particularly along the Kensington and Ruislip Roads.

Two important transport links run through Northolt: the Grand Union Canal and the modern A40 road .

In the 21st century, a new large private housing development was built on the former site of the Taylor Woodrow company, adjacent to the Grand Union Canal
Grand Union Canal
. This development is known as "Grand Union Village" and incorporates a new canal boat marina.

LOCAL LANDMARKS

Farrier Road apartments, part of Smith's Farm estate, at the bank of the Grand Union Canal
Grand Union Canal

* St Mary the Virgin church (14th century) stands on the hill overlooking the old village. The Welsh poet Goronwy Owen was briefly a curate here. Bishop
Bishop
Samuel Lisle is buried here. * In the centre of the village is a freestanding clock tower erected to commemorate the coronation of George VI
George VI
in 1937.

Northolt
Northolt
Green Clock

* The White Hart public house is on the site of an old coaching inn. The roundabout immediately south of it is on the junction of the A312 (Church Road and Hayes Bypass) with the A4180 ( Ruislip Road and West End Road). The Yeading Lane also joins the roundabout. * Willow Cottages on the village green are said to have been built of bricks from the old manor house , which once stood behind the parish church . * The two towers of the disused RAF
RAF
radio station north of the town are situated in the Wood End wireless station recreation ground, which is bordered on all sides by housing (Bayshill Rise, Lancaster Road, Blenheim road). The location is now home to a National Air Traffic Control base. * Northala Fields is a large area alongside the A40 road which has been redeveloped as an extension to the Northolt
Northolt
and Greenford Country Park. The development consists of four large, man-made conical hills (built of rubble from the first Wembley
Wembley
Stadium ), which act as a sound barrier to block traffic noise from the Western Avenue. Behind the mounds are new ponds and a visitor centre. * The Larkspur Rovers F.C. clubhouse is in Rowdell Road, Northolt. It received funding from Ealing Council and an Olympic legacy grant of £50,000 from Sport England’s Inspired Facilities Fund. * There is a village community centre building in Ealing Road, opposite St Mary 's church, which incorporates an open-air miniature railway . * A leisure centre, incorporating a pool, a fitness centre, a community hall and a library was built on the site of the former Swimarama swimming pool at the junction of Mandeville Road and Eastcote Lane North, and opened in 2010. * Down Barns Moated Site , a Scheduled Ancient Monument .

A40 Western Avenue , taken from near Islip Manor

POPULATION

While Northolt
Northolt
remained a rural, agricultural area in the 19th century, its population growth remained slow:

* 1801 – 336 inhabitants * 1871 – 479 * 1921 – 904 * 1961 – 26,000 * 1991 – 32,000

The rapid growth of the population in the mid-20th century can be explained by Northolt's growth as a dormitory town for nearby Ealing , and the construction in 1935 of the A40 road through the area. Modern family homes were built in the 1920s and 1930s. In the 1950s and 1960s, predominantly local authority rented housing was constructed. 3,423 council houses had been built in Northolt
Northolt
by 1963. Northolt
Northolt
tube station was opened in 1948 to serve the growing population of the area.

CRIME

Anti-social behavior has recently been the most common reported crime, followed by violent and sexual offences. Crime levels notably increased, by up to 50% between 2013 and 2014.

RAF
RAF
NORTHOLT

Main article: RAF Northolt

The Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
has a station near Northolt. Sometimes called Northolt
Northolt
Aerodrome, it is situated in neighbouring South Ruislip in the London Borough of Hillingdon . Most early RAF
RAF
airfields were named after the nearest railway station; in this case Northolt
Northolt
Junction, (now South Ruislip ).

PONY RACING

Racecourse Estate: this area was used for horse racing in the early 20th century

Northolt
Northolt
was famous for the pony racing which took place in Northolt Park. A one and a half mile (2.4 km) racecourse was constructed by Sir William Bass and Viscount Lascelles , and opened in 1929 by the Earl of Harewood and his wife the Princess Royal .

During the Second World War
Second World War
, the land was taken over and used as an army depot and prisoner of war camp . Despite numerous attempts to revive pony racing after the war the land was given over to housing construction. The Racecourse Estate was constructed between 1951 and 1955 in order to solve a severe housing shortage within the borough. The gates of the original racecourse remain in Petts Hill, and a section of the track can be observed as a long, flat stretch of land alongside Mandeville Road.

EDUCATION

* Northolt High School , a specialist Technology College * Alec Reed Academy (formerly West London Academy) * Gifford Primary * Greenwood Primary * Viking Primary

* Petts Hill Primary * St. Raphael's Catholic Primary School * Downe Manor Primary School * Willow Tree Primary * Wood End Primary School

TRANSPORT

Northolt
Northolt
Station

Northolt
Northolt
has two stations: Northolt
Northolt
on the London Underground
London Underground
Central line and Northolt
Northolt
Park , a Network Rail station served by Chiltern Railways . Numerous London Buses routes serve Northolt.

POLITICAL REPRESENTATION

The constituency of Ealing North is currently represented by Labour Party Member of Parliament Stephen Pound , and has been since 1997.

Northolt
Northolt
is made up of two electoral wards ( Northolt
Northolt
Mandeville and Northolt
Northolt
West End), as well as part of the electoral ward of North Greenford, which elect councillors to Ealing Council . As of 6 May 2010 the area is represented by five Labour councillors (three in West End and two in Mandeville) and one Conservative councillor.

At the same election Labour took control of Ealing Council from the Conservatives with a major swing against the Tories, which conflicted with the nationwide swing in the General Election.

Northolt
Northolt
comes under the London Assembly constituency of Ealing and Hillingdon which has one assembly member, currently Onkar Sahota (Labour), who was elected in May 2012.

Political status on Ealing Council:

* Labour: 53 seats * Conservative: 12 seats * Liberal Democrats: 4 seats

NEAREST PLACES

NEAREST SETTLEMENTS

South Ruislip South Harrow Sudbury Hill

Hillingdon NORTHOLT Perivale

Yeading Southall Greenford

NOTABLE PEOPLE

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* Stanley Green (1915–1993), a human billboard , lived in Northolt * Alton Ellis (1938–2008), musician, "Godfather of Rocksteady ", lived in Northolt * Paul Gardiner (1958–1984), musician, bass guitar player in Gary Numan 's Tubeway Army , died in Northolt * Jerome Okimo , footballer with Stevenage FC , was born in Ealing and grew up in Northolt * Steve Perryman
Steve Perryman
, footballer with Tottenham Hotspur , was born in Ealing and grew up in Northolt * Paul Kidby
Paul Kidby
, artist, known for his association with author Terry Pratchett 's Discworld , was born in Northolt * Michael Colclough , Canon Pastor at St Paul\'s Cathedral and Deputy Priest in Ordinary to The Queen , was Archdeacon of Northolt 1992-4 * IRA member Jimmy Canning lived undercover in Northolt
Northolt
in 1991–93; he had wooed local Audrey Lamb and moved into her house at 15 Islip Gardens, using it as a weapons and bomb storage depot. He and Lamb were arrested in 1992 following police surveillance.

NORTHOLT ON TELEVISION

* The popular BBC
BBC
comedy series My Hero , produced between 2000 and 2006, and featuring Ardal O\'Hanlon and Emily Joyce , was set in Northolt. * An episode of the popular C BBC
BBC
series Tracy Beaker had scenes filmed in the old Swimarama swimming pool . * A faux documentary titled Ghostwatch , aired on Halloween
Halloween
in 1992, was filmed in Northolt. Ghostwatch, the tale of a single mother haunted in her Northolt
Northolt
home by a mysterious figure called "Pipes"

CLIMATE

REFERENCES

* ^ " Ealing Wards population 2011". Missing or empty url= (help ); access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ http://www.ealing.gov.uk/news/article/431/playing_fields_secure_olympic_funding * ^ "Facility improvement projects". London Borough of Ealing. Retrieved 2009-03-15. * ^ Historic England
England
. "Details from listed building database (1001978)". National Heritage List for England
England
. Retrieved 28 September 2015. * ^ http://www.ealing.gov.uk/services/leisure/tourism/northolt/ ealing.gov * ^ http://www.police.uk/metropolitan/00AJGS/crime/stats/#crime_stats * ^ Harnden, Toby. Bandit Country: the IRA and South Armagh, pgs. 320-28.

SOURCES

* A History of Middlesex
Middlesex
(1971) * History of Northolt

EXTERNAL LINKS

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