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Northolt
Northolt
is a historic town in north west London, England, 11 miles (17.7 km) west-northwest of Charing Cross
Charing Cross
and within the London Borough of Ealing, England. Essentially a suburban development, a feature is the Grand Union Canal, as is the A 40 road and a history of pony racing.

Contents

1 History 2 Local landmarks 3 Population 4 Crime 5 RAF
RAF
Northolt 6 Pony
Pony
racing 7 Education 8 Transport 9 Political representation 10 Nearest places 11 Notable people 12 Northolt
Northolt
on television 13 Climate 14 References 15 Sources 16 External links

History[edit] The settlement of Northolt
Northolt
is located in the ancient county of Middlesex
Middlesex
(now part of Greater London) and is mentioned in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
as being held by Geoffrey de Mandeville, and archaeological evidence suggests that there was a Saxon village at the location from the 8th century onwards. The medieval village had its origins in the Saxon period. Up to late Victorian times, the area was rural with predominantly arable crops being grown. The fourteenth century Northolt Manor
Northolt Manor
existed behind the present Court Farm Road and was excavated from 1950 onwards. A barn constructed in the area in 1595 can now be seen in the Chiltern Open Air Museum. In the early part of the 18th century farmland was enclosed in order to provide hay for the City of London, alongside more traditional crops such as peas and beans.

The 15th-century St Mary's Church

Suburban development began in the 1920s. Most of the housing north of the Western Avenue was built in the 1920s–1930s, and is in the private housing sector. Most of the housing built to the south of the Western Avenue was built in the 1960s–1970s, and is in the social housing sectors, particularly along the Kensington and Ruislip
Ruislip
Roads. Two important transport links run through Northolt: the Grand Union Canal and the modern A40 road. In the 21st century, a new large private housing development was built on the former site of the Taylor Woodrow
Taylor Woodrow
company, adjacent to the Grand Union Canal. This development is known as "Grand Union Village" and incorporates a new canal boat marina.

Local landmarks[edit]

Farrier Road apartments, part of Smith's Farm estate, at the bank of the Grand Union Canal

St Mary the Virgin church (14th century) stands on the hill overlooking the old village. The Welsh poet Goronwy Owen was briefly a curate here. Bishop
Bishop
Samuel Lisle
Samuel Lisle
is buried here. In the centre of the village is a freestanding clock tower erected to commemorate the coronation of George VI
George VI
in 1937.

Northolt
Northolt
Green Clock

The White Hart public house is on the site of an old coaching inn. The roundabout immediately south of it is on the junction of the A312 (Church Road and Hayes Bypass) with the A4180 ( Ruislip
Ruislip
Road and West End Road). The Yeading
Yeading
Lane also joins the roundabout. Willow Cottages on the village green are said to have been built of bricks from the old manor house, which once stood behind the parish church.[citation needed] The two towers of the disused RAF
RAF
radio station north of the town are situated in the Wood End wireless station recreation ground, which is bordered on all sides by housing (Bayshill Rise, Lancaster Road, Blenheim road). The location is now home to a National Air Traffic Control base.[citation needed] Northala Fields
Northala Fields
is a large area alongside the A40 road
A40 road
which has been redeveloped as an extension to the Northolt
Northolt
and Greenford
Greenford
Country Park. The development consists of four large, man-made conical hills (built of rubble from the first Wembley
Wembley
Stadium), which act as a sound barrier to block traffic noise from the Western Avenue. Behind the mounds are new ponds and a visitor centre. The Larkspur Rovers F.C. clubhouse is in Rowdell Road, Northolt. It received funding from Ealing
Ealing
Council and an Olympic legacy grant of £50,000 from Sport England’s Inspired Facilities Fund.[2] There is a village community centre building in Ealing
Ealing
Road, opposite St Mary's church, which incorporates an open-air miniature railway. A leisure centre, incorporating a pool, a fitness centre, a community hall and a library was built on the site of the former Swimarama swimming pool at the junction of Mandeville Road and Eastcote Lane North, and opened in 2010.[3] Down Barns Moated Site, a Scheduled Ancient Monument.[4]

A40 Western Avenue, taken from near Islip Manor

Population[edit] While Northolt
Northolt
remained a rural, agricultural area in the 19th century, its population growth remained slow:

1801 – 336 inhabitants 1871 – 479 1921 – 904 1961 – 26,000[5] 1991 – 32,000

The rapid growth of the population in the mid-20th century can be explained by Northolt's growth as a dormitory town for nearby Ealing, and the construction in 1935 of the A40 road
A40 road
through the area. Modern family homes were built in the 1920s and 1930s. In the 1950s and 1960s, predominantly local authority rented housing was constructed. 3,423 council houses had been built in Northolt
Northolt
by 1963. Northolt
Northolt
tube station was opened in 1948 to serve the growing population of the area. Crime[edit] Anti-social behavior has recently been the most common reported crime, followed by violent and sexual offences. Crime levels notably increased, by up to 50% between 2013 and 2014.[6] RAF
RAF
Northolt[edit] Main article: RAF
RAF
Northolt The Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
has a station near Northolt. Sometimes called Northolt
Northolt
Aerodrome, it is situated in neighbouring South Ruislip
South Ruislip
in the London Borough of Hillingdon. Most early RAF
RAF
airfields were named after the nearest railway station; in this case Northolt
Northolt
Junction, (now South Ruislip). Pony
Pony
racing[edit]

Racecourse Estate: this area was used for horse racing in the early 20th century

Northolt
Northolt
was famous for the pony racing which took place in Northolt Park. A one and a half mile (2.4 km) racecourse was constructed by Sir William Bass
Sir William Bass
and Viscount Lascelles, and opened in 1929 by the Earl of Harewood
Earl of Harewood
and his wife the Princess Royal. During the Second World War, the land was taken over and used as an army depot and prisoner of war camp. Despite numerous attempts to revive pony racing after the war the land was given over to housing construction. The Racecourse Estate was constructed between 1951 and 1955 in order to solve a severe housing shortage within the borough. The gates of the original racecourse remain in Petts Hill, and a section of the track can be observed as a long, flat stretch of land alongside Mandeville Road. Education[edit]

Northolt
Northolt
High School, a specialist Technology College                     Alec Reed Academy (formerly West London Academy) Gifford Primary                     Greenwood Primary Viking Primary

Petts Hill Primary St. Raphael's Catholic Primary School Downe Manor Primary School Willow Tree Primary Wood End Primary School

Transport[edit]

Northolt
Northolt
Station

Northolt
Northolt
has two stations: Northolt
Northolt
on the London Underground
London Underground
Central line and Northolt
Northolt
Park, a Network Rail
Network Rail
station served by Chiltern Railways. Numerous London Buses
London Buses
routes serve Northolt. Political representation[edit] The constituency of Ealing
Ealing
North is currently represented by Labour Party Member of Parliament Stephen Pound, and has been since 1997. Northolt
Northolt
is made up of two electoral wards ( Northolt
Northolt
Mandeville and Northolt
Northolt
West End), as well as part of the electoral ward of North Greenford, which elect councillors to Ealing
Ealing
Council. As of 6 May 2010 the area is represented by five Labour councillors (three in West End and two in Mandeville) and one Conservative councillor. At the same election Labour took control of Ealing
Ealing
Council from the Conservatives with a major swing against the Tories, which conflicted with the nationwide swing in the General Election. Northolt
Northolt
comes under the London Assembly
London Assembly
constituency of Ealing
Ealing
and Hillingdon
Hillingdon
which has one assembly member, currently Onkar Sahota (Labour), who was elected in May 2012. Political status on Ealing
Ealing
Council:

Labour: 53 seats Conservative: 12 seats Liberal Democrats: 4 seats

Nearest places[edit]

Nearest Settlements

South Ruislip South Harrow Sudbury Hill

Hillingdon

Northolt

Perivale

Yeading Southall Greenford

Notable people[edit]

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (August 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Stanley Green
Stanley Green
(1915–1993), a human billboard, lived in Northolt Alton Ellis
Alton Ellis
(1938–2008), musician, "Godfather of Rocksteady", lived in Northolt Paul Gardiner
Paul Gardiner
(1958–1984), musician, bass guitar player in Gary Numan's Tubeway Army, died in Northolt Jerome Okimo, footballer with Stevenage FC, was born in Ealing
Ealing
and grew up in Northolt Steve Perryman, footballer with Tottenham
Tottenham
Hotspur, was born in Ealing and grew up in Northolt Paul Kidby, artist, known for his association with author Terry Pratchett's Discworld, was born in Northolt Michael Colclough, Canon Pastor at St Paul's Cathedral
St Paul's Cathedral
and Deputy Priest in Ordinary to The Queen, was Archdeacon of Northolt
Northolt
1992-4 IRA member Jimmy Canning lived undercover in Northolt
Northolt
in 1991–93; he had wooed local Audrey Lamb and moved into her house at 15 Islip Gardens, using it as a weapons and bomb storage depot. He and Lamb were arrested in 1992 following police surveillance.[7]

Northolt
Northolt
on television[edit]

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (February 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

The popular BBC
BBC
comedy series My Hero, produced between 2000 and 2006, and featuring Ardal O'Hanlon and Emily Joyce, was set in Northolt. An episode of the popular C BBC
BBC
series Tracy Beaker
Tracy Beaker
had scenes filmed in the old Swimarama swimming pool. A faux documentary titled Ghostwatch, aired on Halloween
Halloween
in 1992, was filmed in Northolt. Ghostwatch, the tale of a single mother haunted in her Northolt
Northolt
home by a mysterious figure called "Pipes"

Climate[edit] References[edit]

^ " Ealing
Ealing
Wards population 2011".  Missing or empty url= (help); access-date= requires url= (help) ^ http://www.ealing.gov.uk/news/article/431/playing_fields_secure_olympic_funding ^ "Facility improvement projects". London Borough of Ealing. Retrieved 2009-03-15.  ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1001978)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 September 2015.  ^ http://www.ealing.gov.uk/services/leisure/tourism/northolt/ ealing.gov ^ http://www.police.uk/metropolitan/00AJGS/crime/stats/#crime_stats ^ Harnden, Toby. Bandit Country: the IRA and South Armagh, pgs. 320-28.

Sources[edit]

A History of Middlesex
Middlesex
(1971) History of Northolt

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Northolt.

A history of pony racing in Northolt Ealing
Ealing
Council

v t e

London Borough of Ealing

Districts

Acton Acton Green Bedford Park Dormers Wells Ealing
Ealing
(including Brentham Garden Suburb
Brentham Garden Suburb
and Pitshanger) East Acton Greenford Hanwell North Acton Northolt Norwood Green Park Royal Perivale South Acton Southall West Acton West Ealing
Ealing
(including Northfields)

Attractions

Hoover Building London Motorcycle Museum Museum of Asian Music Pitzhanger Manor
Pitzhanger Manor
Gallery and House Questors Theatre Wharncliffe Viaduct

Parks and open spaces

Acton Green Acton Park Ealing
Ealing
Common Lammas Park Northala Fields Southall
Southall
Park Walpole Park

Constituencies

Ealing
Ealing
Central and Acton Ealing
Ealing
North Ealing
Ealing
Southall

Tube and railway stations

Acton Central Acton Main Line Acton Town Boston Manor Castle Bar Park Chiswick
Chiswick
Park Drayton Green Ealing
Ealing
Broadway Ealing
Ealing
Common Greenford Hanger Lane Hanwell North Acton North Ealing Northfields Northolt Northolt
Northolt
Park Park Royal Perivale South Acton Southall South Ealing South Greenford Sudbury Town West Acton West Ealing

Places of worship

All Saints, Ealing Christ the Redeemer, Southall Christ the Saviour, Ealing Our Lady Mother of the Church, Ealing Our Lady of Hungary, Ealing Our Lady of Lourdes, Acton Ealing
Ealing
Abbey Holy Cross, Greenford Holy Trinity, Southall St Anselm, Southall St Alban, Acton Green St Barnabas, Ealing St Barnabas, Northolt
Northolt
Park St Christopher, Hanwell St Dunstan, East Acton St Edward the Confessor, Greenford St Gabriel, North Acton St George, Southall St Hugh, Northolt St James, Ealing St John, Ealing St John, Southall St Mary, Acton St Mary, Ealing St Mary, Hanwell St Mary, Norwood Green St Mary, Perivale St Mary, West Twyford St Mary and St Nicholas, Greenford St Mary with St Richard, Northolt St Mellitus, Hanwell St Paul, Ealing St Peter, Ealing St Peter, Acton Green St Stephen, Ealing St Thomas the Apostle, Hanwell

Other topics

Coat of arms Council Grade I and II* listed buildings People Public art Schools

v t e

Areas of London

Central activities zone

Bloomsbury City of London
City of London
wards Holborn Marylebone Mayfair Paddington Pimlico Soho Southwark Vauxhall Waterloo Westminster

Town centre network

International

Belgravia Knightsbridge West End

Metropolitan

Bromley Croydon Ealing Harrow Hounslow Ilford Kingston Romford Shepherd's Bush Stratford Sutton Uxbridge Wood Green

Major

Angel Barking Bexleyheath Brixton Camden Town Canary Wharf Catford Chiswick Clapham
Clapham
Junction Dalston East Ham Edgware Eltham Enfield Town Fulham Hammersmith Holloway Nags Head Kensington High Street Kilburn King's Road
King's Road
East Lewisham Orpington Peckham Putney Queensway/Westbourne Grove Richmond Southall Streatham Tooting Walthamstow Wandsworth Wembley Whitechapel Wimbledon Woolwich

Districts (principal)

Acton Beckenham Bethnal Green Brentford Camberwell Canada Water Carshalton Chadwell Heath Chingford Clapham Crystal Palace Coulsdon Cricklewood Dagenham Deptford Dulwich Edmonton Elephant and Castle Erith Feltham Finchley Forest Gate Forest Hill Golders Green Greenwich Harlesden Hampstead Harringay Hayes (Hillingdon) Hendon Hornchurch Kentish Town Leyton Mill Hill Mitcham Morden Muswell Hill New Cross New Malden Northwood Notting Hill Penge Pinner Purley Ruislip Sidcup Southgate South Norwood Stanmore Stoke Newington Surbiton Sydenham Teddington Thamesmead Tolworth Tulse Hill Twickenham Upminster Upper Norwood Wanstead Wealdstone Welling West Ham West Hampstead West Norwood Willesden
Willesden
Green Woodford

Neighbourhoods (principal)

Abbey Wood Alperton Anerley Barnes Barnsbury Battersea Beckton Bedford Park Bermondsey Bow Brent Cross Brockley Canonbury Charlton Chelsea Chessington Chipping Barnet Chislehurst Clerkenwell Elmers End Gidea Park Greenford Gunnersbury Hackbridge Hackney Ham Hampton Hanwell Hanworth Harold Wood Highams Park Highbury Highgate Hillingdon Hook Holloway Hoxton Ickenham Isle of Dogs Isleworth Islington Kensal Green Kew Lambeth Manor Park Mortlake Neasden Northolt Nunhead Plaistow (Newham) Poplar Roehampton Rotherhithe Seven Kings Seven Sisters Shoreditch Stamford Hill Stepney St Helier Surrey Quays Tottenham Upper Clapton Walworth Wapping West Drayton Worcester Park Yiewsley

Lists of areas by borough

Barking
Barking
and Dagenham Barnet Bexley Brent Bromley Camden Croydon Ealing Enfield Greenwich Hackney Hammersmith
Hammersmith
and Fulham Haringey Harrow Havering Hillingdon Hounslow Islington Kensington and Chelsea Kingston upon Thames Lambeth Lewisham Merton Newham Redbridge Richmond upon Thames Southwark Sutton Tower Hamlets Waltham Forest Wandsworth Westminster

Fictional

Canley (borough) (The Bill: TV soap) Charnham (suburb) (Family Affairs: TV soap) Gasforth (town) (The Thin Blue Line: TV series) London Below (magical realm) (Neverwhere: TV series, novel) Walford
Walford
(borough) (EastEnders: TV soap)

The London Plan 2011, Annex Two: London's Town Centre Network – Greate

.