The Info List - Nancy Pelosi

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Nancy Patricia D'Alesandro Pelosi (/pəˈloʊsi/; born March 26, 1940) is an American politician serving as the Minority Leader of the United States House of Representatives since 2011, representing most of San Francisco, California. She previously served as the 52nd House Speaker from 2007 to 2011, the only woman to do so. As Speaker, she attained the highest congressional rank of any female politician in American history.[1] A member of the Democratic Party, Pelosi represents California's 12th congressional district consists of four-fifths of the city and county of San Francisco. She served as the House Minority Whip
House Minority Whip
from 2002 to 2003, and was House Minority Leader from 2003 to 2007. Pelosi is the first woman, the first Californian, and the first Italian-American to lead a major party in Congress. After the Democrats took control of the House in 2007, Pelosi was elected Speaker of the House. After the Democrats lost House control in the 2010 elections, Pelosi became the Democratic Leader (Minority Leader) in the Republican-controlled House.[2]


1 Early life, education, and early career 2 U.S. House of Representatives

2.1 Elections 2.2 Committee assignments 2.3 Pre-Speakership career 2.4 Speaker of the House

2.4.1 Nomination 2.4.2 Tenure

2.5 Post-Speakership career 2.6 Allegations of insider trading

3 Political positions

3.1 China 3.2 Colombia 3.3 Cuba 3.4 Iran 3.5 Turkey 3.6 Use of government aircraft 3.7 Abortion 3.8 Gun laws 3.9 Fiscal/monetary policy 3.10 Civil liberties 3.11 Confederate monuments 3.12 Contraception 3.13 Education 3.14 Environment 3.15 Health care 3.16 Immigration 3.17 Iraq War 3.18 Israel 3.19 First Gulf War 3.20 LGBT rights 3.21 Marijuana legalization 3.22 Military draft 3.23 NSA Spying/PRISM Program 3.24 Syria 3.25 Waterboarding

4 Electoral history 5 Personal background

5.1 Family 5.2 Financial status 5.3 Involvement in Italian-American community

6 Honors and decorations 7 See also 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

10.1 Articles

Early life, education, and early career Pelosi is Italian-American. She is the youngest of six children of Annunciata M. "Nancy" D'Alesandro (née Lombardi; 1909–1995),[3] who was born in Campobasso,[4] South Italy, and Thomas D'Alesandro, Jr., who was a Democratic Congressman from Maryland
and a Mayor of Baltimore.[5][6] Pelosi's brother, Thomas D'Alesandro III, also a Democrat, was mayor of Baltimore
from 1967 to 1971, when he chose not to run for re-election.[7] Pelosi was involved with politics from an early age. In her outgoing remarks as the 52nd Speaker of the House, Pelosi said that she had attended John F. Kennedy's inaugural address when he became President in January 1961. She graduated from the Institute of Notre Dame, a Catholic all-girls high school in Baltimore, and from Trinity College in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
in 1962, with a B.A. in political science.[8] Pelosi interned for Senator Daniel Brewster (D-Maryland) alongside future House Majority Leader
House Majority Leader
Steny Hoyer.[9] She met Paul Frank Pelosi (b. April 15, 1940, in San Francisco)[10] while she was attending Trinity College.[11] They married in Baltimore
at the Cathedral of Mary Our Queen on September 7, 1963.[12] After the couple married, they moved to New York, and then to San Francisco
San Francisco
in 1969, where Paul Pelosi's brother, Ronald Pelosi, was a member of the City and County of San Francisco's Board of Supervisors.[13] After moving to San Francisco, Pelosi worked her way up in Democratic politics. She became a friend of one of the leaders of the California Democratic Party, 5th District Congressman Phillip Burton. In 1976, Pelosi was elected as a Democratic National Committee
Democratic National Committee
member from California, a position she would hold until 1996.[14] She was elected as party chair for Northern California
on January 30, 1977, and for the California
Democratic Party, which she held from 1981 until 1983.[14] That same year, she ran to succeed Chuck Manatt
Chuck Manatt
as chair of the Democratic National Committee, but lost to then-DNC Treasurer Paul G. Kirk.[15] Pelosi left her post as DSCC finance chair in 1986.[14] U.S. House of Representatives Elections

Pelosi as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, 1993.

Phillip Burton
Phillip Burton
died in 1983 and was succeeded by his wife, Sala. In late 1986, Sala became ill with cancer and decided not to run for reelection in 1988. She picked Pelosi as her designated successor, guaranteeing her the support of the Burtons' contacts.[16] Sala died on February 1, 1987, just a month after being sworn in for a second full term. Pelosi won the special election to succeed her, narrowly defeating San Francisco
San Francisco
Supervisor Harry Britt
Harry Britt
on April 7, 1987, then easily defeating Republican candidate Harriet Ross on June 2, 1987; Pelosi took office a week later.[17][18] Pelosi represents one of the safest Democratic districts in the country. Democrats have held the seat since 1949 and Republicans, who currently make up only 13 percent of registered voters in the district, have not made a serious bid for the seat since the early 1960s. She won the seat in her own right in 1988 and has been reelected 10 more times with no substantive opposition, winning by an average of 80 percent of the vote. She has not participated in candidates' debates since her 1987 race against Harriet Ross.[19] The strongest challenge Pelosi has faced was in 2016 when Preston Picus polled 19.1% and Pelosi won with 80.9%.[20] For the 2000 and 2002 election cycles, she held the distinction of contributing the most among members of Congress to other congressional campaigns, in part because she is in a safe district and does not need the campaign funds.[21] Committee assignments In the House, she served on the Appropriations and Intelligence Committees, and was the ranking Democrat on the Intelligence Committee until her election as Minority Leader.[22] Pelosi is a member of the House Baltic Caucus.[23] Pre-Speakership career In 2001, Pelosi was elected the House Minority Whip, second-in-command to Minority Leader Dick Gephardt
Dick Gephardt
of Missouri. She was the first woman in U.S. history to hold that post.[24] In 2002, after Gephardt resigned as minority leader to seek the Democratic nomination in the 2004 presidential election, Pelosi was elected to replace him, becoming the first woman to lead a major party in the House.[25] Speaker of the House Nomination In the 2006 Midterm Elections, the Democrats took control of the House when they picked up 31 seats. On November 16, 2006, Pelosi was unanimously chosen by her caucus as the Democratic candidate for Speaker, effectively making her Speaker-elect. While the Speaker is elected by the full House membership, in modern practice the election is a formality, since the Speaker always comes from the majority party. Pelosi supported her longtime friend John Murtha
John Murtha
of Pennsylvania
for the position of House Majority Leader, the second-ranking post in the House Democratic caucus. His competitor was House Minority Whip
House Minority Whip
Steny Hoyer of Maryland, who had been Pelosi's second-in-command since 2003.[26] Pelosi and Hoyer had a somewhat frosty relationship dating back to 2001, when they ran against each other for minority whip. However, Hoyer was elected as House Majority Leader
House Majority Leader
over Murtha by a margin of 149–86 within the caucus.[27] On January 3, Pelosi defeated Republican John Boehner
John Boehner
of Ohio
with 233 votes compared to his 202 votes in the election for Speaker of the House.[28] She was nominated by Rahm Emanuel
Rahm Emanuel
of Illinois, the incoming chairman of the House Democratic Caucus, and sworn in by her longtime friend John Dingell
John Dingell
of Michigan
as the Dean of the House of Representatives traditionally does.

Pelosi (right) with Vice President Dick Cheney
Dick Cheney
behind President George W. Bush at the 2007 State of the Union Address
2007 State of the Union Address
making history as the first woman to sit behind the podium at such an address. President Bush acknowledged this by beginning his speech with the words, "Tonight, I have a high privilege and distinct honor of my own – as the first President to begin the State of the Union message with these words: Madam Speaker".[29]

With her election, Pelosi became the first woman, the first Californian, and the first Italian-American to hold the Speakership. She is also the second Speaker from a state west of the Rocky Mountains. The first was Washington's Tom Foley, the last Democrat to hold the post before Pelosi. During her speech, she discussed the historical importance of being the first female to hold the position of Speaker:

This is a historic moment – for the Congress, and for the women of this country. It is a moment for which we have waited more than 200 years. Never losing faith, we waited through the many years of struggle to achieve our rights. But women weren't just waiting; women were working. Never losing faith, we worked to redeem the promise of America, that all men and women are created equal. For our daughters and granddaughters, today, we have broken the marble ceiling. For our daughters and our granddaughters, the sky is the limit, anything is possible for them.[30]

She also spoke on Iraq as the major issue facing the 110th Congress, while incorporating some Democratic Party beliefs:

The election of 2006 was a call to change – not merely to change the control of Congress, but for a new direction for our country. Nowhere were the American people more clear about the need for a new direction than in Iraq. The American people rejected an open-ended obligation to a war without end.[30]

Tenure As Speaker, Pelosi was still the leader of the House Democrats; the Speaker is considered to be the leader of his or her House caucus. However, by tradition, she did not normally participate in debate and almost never voted on the floor (though she had every right to as a full House member). She was also not a member of any House committees. Pelosi was re-elected Speaker in 2009. A CBS News
CBS News
poll conducted in March 2010 found that 37% of registered voters have an unfavorable opinion of the speaker, with 11% approving.[31] According to a March 2010 Rasmussen poll, 64% of voters nationally view the speaker unfavorably, and 29% have a favorable opinion of Pelosi.[32]

Social Security Mandate

Shortly after winning re-election, President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
claimed a mandate for an ambitious second-term agenda and proposed reforming Social Security by allowing workers to redirect a portion of their Social Security withholding into stock and bond investments.[33] Pelosi strongly opposed the plan, saying there was no crisis, and as minority leader she imposed intense party discipline on her caucus, leading them to near-unanimous opposition to Bush's proposal, and subsequent defeat of the proposed plan.[34][35]

Blocking of impeachment proceedings against President Bush

In the wake of President George W. Bush's reelection in 2004, several leading House Democrats believed that Democrats should pursue impeachment proceedings against the president. They asserted that Bush had misled Congress about weapons of mass destruction in Iraq, and had violated the civil liberties of Americans by authorizing wiretaps without a warrant. In May 2006, with an eye on the upcoming congressional elections–which offered the possibility of Democrats taking back control of the House for the first time since 1994–Pelosi told colleagues that, while the Democrats would conduct vigorous oversight of Bush administration policy, an impeachment investigation was "off the table". (A week earlier, she had told the Washington Post
Washington Post
that, although Democrats would not set out to impeach the president, "you never know where" investigations might lead.)[36] After becoming Speaker of the House in January 2007, Pelosi held firm against impeachment, notwithstanding strong support for that course of action among constituents in her home district. In the November 2008 election, Pelosi withstood a challenge for her seat by anti-war activist Cindy Sheehan, who ran as an independent primarily because of Pelosi's refusal to pursue impeachment.[37]

The "Hundred Hours"

Main article: 100-Hour Plan Prior to the U.S. 2006 midterm elections, Pelosi announced a plan for action: If elected, she and the newly empowered Democratic caucus would push through most of its program during the first hundred hours of the 110th Congress' term.[38][39] The origin for the name "first hundred hours" is a play on words derived from former Democratic President Franklin D. Roosevelt's promise for quick action on the part of government (to combat the Great Depression) during his "first hundred days" in office. Newt Gingrich, who became Speaker of the House in 1995, had a similar 100-day agenda to implement the Contract with America.

Opposition to Iraq War troop surge of 2007

Main article: Iraq War troop surge of 2007 On January 5, 2007, reacting to suggestions from President Bush's confidantes that he would increase troop levels in Iraq (which he announced in a speech a few days later), Pelosi joined with Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid
Harry Reid
to condemn the plan. They sent Bush a letter saying, "[T]here is no purely military solution in Iraq. There is only a political solution. Adding more combat troops will only endanger more Americans and stretch our military to the breaking point for no strategic gain. ... Rather than deploy additional forces to Iraq, we believe the way forward is to begin the phased redeployment of our forces in the next four to six months, while shifting the principal mission of our forces there from combat to training, logistics, force protection and counter-terror."[40]

Pelosi and Barack Obama
Barack Obama
shaking hands at the 2008 Democratic National Convention

2008 Democratic National Convention

Pelosi was named Permanent Chair of the 2008 Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado.[41]

Health Care Reform

Pelosi has been credited for spearheading President Obama's health care law when it seemed that it would go down in defeat. After Republican Scott Brown won Democrat Ted Kennedy's former senate seat in the January 2010 Massachusetts
special election and thereby causing the Senate Democrats to lose their filibuster proof majority, Obama agreed with then chief of staff Rahm Emanuel's idea that he should do smaller initiatives that could pass easily. Pelosi, however, dismissed the president's fear and instead mocked his scaled-back ideas as "kiddie care."[42] After convincing the president that this would be their only shot at health care because of the large Democratic majorities they currently had, she rallied her Democratic caucus as she began an "unbelievable marathon" of a two-month session to craft the health care bill, which successfully passed the House with a 219–212 vote. In Obama's remarks before signing the bill into law, he specifically credited Pelosi as being "one of the best Speakers the House of Representatives has ever had."[43][44][45] Post-Speakership career

President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
meets with Congressional Leadership, July 2011

Pelosi with President Donald Trump
Donald Trump
at his inauguration

Though Pelosi was re-elected by a comfortable margin in the 2010 midterm elections, the Democrats lost 63 seats and ceded control of the House of Representatives to the Republicans. Despite the electoral setback suffered by her party, Pelosi sought to continue leading the House Democratic Caucus in the position of Minority Leader, the office she held prior to becoming Speaker. After Pelosi's disparate intra-party opposition failed to pass a motion to delay the leadership vote,[46] Pelosi was elected Minority Leader for the 112th Congress. On November 14, 2012, Pelosi announced she would remain on as Democratic leader.[2] Tim Ryan initiated a bid to replace Pelosi as House Minority Leader on November 17, 2016, prompted by colleagues following the 2016 presidential election.[47] After Pelosi agreed to give more leadership opportunities to junior members,[48] she defeated Ryan by a vote of 134–63 on November 30.[49] In 2017, after Democrats lost four consecutive special elections in the House of Representatives, Pelosi's leadership was again called into question. On June 22, 2017, a small group of House Democrats held a closed-door meeting in the office of Representative Kathleen Rice (NY) to discuss a strategy for selecting new Democratic leadership.[50] Rice publicly called for new Democratic leadership in the House of Representatives, as did other House Democrats, including Tim Ryan (OH), Seth Moulton
Seth Moulton
(MA), and Filemon Vela (TX).[51] Cedric Richmond (LA), Chairman of the Congressional Black Caucus, also attended the closed-door meeting on Pelosi. Rice said in a CNN
interview about Pelosi's leadership, "If you were talking about a company that was posting losing numbers, if you were talking about any sports team that was losing time and time again, changes would be made, right? The CEO out. The coach would be out and there would be a new strategy put in place."[51] In a press conference, Pelosi responded to the criticism by saying, "I respect any opinion that my members have but my decision about how long I stay is not up to them."[51] When asked specifically why she should stay on as House Minority Leader after numerous Democratic seats were lost, Pelosi responded,  "Well, I'm a master legislator. I am a strategic, politically astute leader. My leadership is recognized by many around the country, and that is why I'm able to attract the support that I do."[52][53] In February 2018, Pelosi broke the record for longest speech in the House of Representatives when she spent more than eight hours recounting stories from DREAMers – individuals who were brought to the United States as minors by undocumented immigrants – to object to a budget deal which would raise spending caps without addressing the future of DACA recipients, which were at risk of deportation by the Trump administration.[54][55][56] Allegations of insider trading In November 2011, 60 Minutes
60 Minutes
alleged that Pelosi and several other members of Congress had used information they gleaned from closed sessions to make money on the stock market. The program cited Pelosi's purchases of Visa stock while a bill that would limit credit card fees was in the House. Pelosi denied the allegations and called the report "a right-wing smear."[57][58][59] When the Stop Trading on Congressional Knowledge Act (or STOCK Act) was introduced the next year, Pelosi voted for the bill and lauded its passing. Of Representatives Louise Slaughter
Louise Slaughter
and Tim Walz, who drafted the bill, Pelosi said they "shined a light on a gaping hole in our ethics laws and helped close it once and for all."[60][61] The STOCK act was later amended on April 15, 2013, by S.716, just 1 year after its passing. This amendment modifies the online disclosure portion of the STOCK Act, so that some officials, but not the President, Vice President, Congress, or anyone running for Congress, can no longer file online and their records are no longer easily accessible to the public, creating a loophole in the STOCK Act. In the house, S.716 received only 14 seconds before being passed by unanimous consent. Neither chamber debated the measure. Lisa Rosenberg of the Sunlight Foundation, a nonprofit public interest group, said the repeal “undermines the intent” of the law to ensure that government insiders are not profiting from non-public information. Staffers were a large part of the insider trading, the amendment S.716 to the STOCK act leaves that door open again.[62][63][64] Political positions

Pelosi honors Aung San Suu Kyi
Aung San Suu Kyi
at a Congressional Gold Medal
Congressional Gold Medal
ceremony. Pelosi supports democratic movements in various parts of the world.

Pelosi was a founding member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus, but left in 2003 after being elected Minority Leader. Her longtime friend Jim McDermott, of Washington, D.C., told Newsweek
that he and other left-leaning Democratic congressmen sometimes wish that "she would tilt a little more our way from time to time". As Speaker, Pelosi has tried to focus more on economic than social issues.[65] Although Pelosi voted against the Iraq war, anti-war activists in San Francisco protested against her voting to continue funding the war. UC Berkeley political scientist Bruce Cain said that Pelosi had to balance the demands of her anti-war constituency against the moderate views of Democrats in tight races around the country in her role as minority leader.[66] Pelosi has never faced a serious challenger to her left in her district.[67] In September 2008, Pelosi visited Hiroshima, Japan
for a G8 summit meeting of lower house speakers and offered flowers in Hiroshima
Peace Memorial Park for the victims of the 1945 atomic bombing.[68] China

Pelosi with Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao
Wen Jiabao
during a trip to China in 2009

In March 2008, after a meeting with the Dalai Lama, Pelosi criticized the People's Republic of China for its handling of the unrest in Tibet and called on "freedom-loving people" worldwide to denounce China.[69] She was quoted as saying, "The situation in Tibet is a challenge to the conscience of the world", while addressing a crowd of thousands of Tibetans in Dharamsala, India.[69] In October 2008, Pelosi commended the European Parliament
European Parliament
for its "bold decision" to award the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought
Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought
to Chinese dissident and human rights activist Hu Jia. Pelosi's statement read, "I call on the Chinese government to immediately and unconditionally release Hu Jia from prison and to respect the fundamental freedoms of all the people in China."[70] Colombia Pelosi publicly scolded Colombian President Álvaro Uribe
Álvaro Uribe
during Uribe's May 2007 state visit to America. Pelosi met with Uribe and later released a statement that she and other members of Congress had "expressed growing concerns about the serious allegations" of links between paramilitary groups and Colombian government officials.[71] Pelosi also came out against the Colombian free trade agreement.[72]

Pelosi and John Kerry at Estadio Latinoamericano
Estadio Latinoamericano
in Havana, Cuba, March 2016

Cuba In 2008, Pelosi said: "For years, I have opposed the embargo on Cuba. I don't think it's been successful, and I think we have to remove the travel bans and have more exchanges – people to people exchanges with Cuba."[73] In 2015, Pelosi supported President Obama's Cuban Thaw, a rapprochement between the U.S. and Cuba, and visited Havana for meetings with high-level officials.[74] Iran

Pelosi before greeting the new King Salman of Saudi Arabia, Riyadh, January 2015. Saudi Arabia regards Iran
as its main regional rival.

In a February 15, 2007, interview, Pelosi noted that Bush consistently said he supports a diplomatic resolution to differences with Iran
"and I take him at his word". At the same time, she said, "I do believe that Congress should assert itself, though, and make it very clear that there is no previous authority for the president, any president, to go into Iran".[75][76] On January 12, 2007, Congressman Walter B. Jones of North Carolina
North Carolina
introduced a resolution[77] requiring that – absent a national emergency created by an attack, or a demonstrably imminent attack, by Iran
upon the United States or its armed forces – the President must consult with Congress and receive specific authorization prior to initiating any use of military force against Iran.[78] This resolution was removed from a military spending bill for the war in Iraq by Pelosi on March 13, 2007. Turkey In mid-October 2007, after the House Foreign Affairs Committee passed a resolution to label the 1915 killing of Armenians by Ottoman Turks as genocide, Pelosi pledged to bring the measure to a vote.[79] The draft resolution prompted warnings from President Bush and fierce criticism from Turkey, with Turkey's Prime Minister saying that approval of the resolution would endanger U.S.-Turkey relations.[80] After House support eroded, the measure's sponsors dropped their call for a vote, and in late October Pelosi agreed to set the matter aside.[81] Use of government aircraft In March 2009, the New York Post
New York Post
wrote that the conservative watchdog group Judicial Watch
Judicial Watch
obtained emails sent by Pelosi's staff that requested that the United States Air Force
United States Air Force
(USAF) provide specific aircraft—a Boeing 757—for Pelosi to use for taxpayer-funded travel.[82][83][84] Pelosi responded that the policy was initiated by President Bush due to post-9/11 security concerns (Pelosi was third in line for presidential succession) and was initially provided for the previous Speaker, Dennis Hastert. The Sergeant at Arms
Sergeant at Arms
requested, for security reasons, that the plane provided be capable of non-stop flight, requiring a larger aircraft. The Pentagon said "no one has rendered judgment" that Pelosi's use of aircraft "is excessive."[85] Abortion Pelosi voted against the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act
Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act
of 2003 and earlier attempts at similar bans, and voted against the criminalization of certain situations where a minor is transported across state lines for an abortion (HR 748, passed).[86] She has voted in favor of lifting the ban on privately funded abortions at U.S. military facilities overseas (HA 209, rejected), in favor of an amendment that would repeal a provision that forbids service women and dependents from getting an abortion in overseas military hospitals (HA 722, rejected), in favor of stripping the prohibition of funding for organizations working overseas that uses its own funds to provide abortion services or engage in advocacy related to abortion services (HA 997, rejected). She also voted in favor of the 1998 Abortion Funding Amendment, which would have allowed the use of district funds to promote abortion-related activities, but would have prohibited the use of federal funds.[86] In February 2009, Pelosi met with her bishop, Archbishop George Hugh Niederauer of San Francisco, and with Pope Benedict XVI
Pope Benedict XVI
as a result of comments she made to Tom Brokaw
Tom Brokaw
on Meet the Press
Meet the Press
that many observers felt inaccurately portrayed Church teaching on the subject of abortion and the beginning of life.[87][88] Gun laws Pelosi stands in favor of increased background checks for potential gun owners, as well as the controversial banning of assault weapons. In February 2013, she called for the "Boldest possible move" on gun control, similar to a stance made just weeks earlier by former Representative, mass shooting victim, and fellow gun control advocate Gabrielle Giffords.[89] In 2012, she was given 0% ratings by both the National Rifle Association
National Rifle Association
and Gun Owners of America for her stances on gun control.[90] In a February 2013 interview with Fox News, Pelosi misstated that gun ownership was protected by the First Amendment
First Amendment
of the United States Constitution.[91] The First Amendment
First Amendment
addresses freedom of speech and the press, and it is the Second Amendment that addresses gun ownership. Fiscal/monetary policy Pelosi voted against the 1995 Balanced Budget Proposed Constitutional Amendment, which was passed by the House by a 300–132 vote, but in the Senate fell two votes short of the 2/3 supermajority required (with 65 out of 100 Senators voting in favor).[92] As Speaker of the House, she also spearheaded the Fair Minimum Wage Act of 2007 as part of the 100-Hour Plan. The Act raises the minimum wage in the United States and the territories of the Northern Marianas Islands and American Samoa. American Samoa
American Samoa
was initially absent from the act, but as part of HR 2206
HR 2206
it was included. One Republican congressman who voted against the initial bill accused Pelosi of unethically benefiting Del Monte Foods
Del Monte Foods
(headquartered in her district) by the exclusion of the territory, where Del Monte's StarKist Tuna brand is a major employer.[93] Pelosi co-sponsored legislation that omitted American Samoa
American Samoa
from a raise in the minimum wage as early as 1999, prior to Del Monte's acquisition of StarKist Tuna in 2002.[94] As of the 2002, 2004, and 2006 election cycles, Del Monte has not contributed to Democratic candidates.[95] Pelosi opposed the welfare reform proposed by President Bush as well as reforms proposed and passed under President Clinton.[96] Civil liberties

Pelosi and Keith Ellison
Keith Ellison
(right) at his swearing-in ceremony with Thomas Jefferson's Quran

The American Civil Liberties Union's Congressional Scorecard has given Pelosi a lifetime rating of 92% for her voting record on civil liberties.[97] In 2001, she voted in favor of the USA Patriot Act, but voted against reauthorization of certain provisions in 2005.[98] She voted against a Constitutional amendment banning flag-burning.[99] Confederate monuments As Speaker of the House, Pelosi quietly moved the statue of Robert E. Lee from the National Statuary Hall
National Statuary Hall
of the U.S. Capitol to the Capitol crypt.[100] In Lee's place, she had a statue of Rosa Parks erected.[100] Contraception In a January 25, 2009 interview with George Stephanopoulos
George Stephanopoulos
for ABC News, Pelosi said, "Well, the family planning services reduce cost. They reduce cost. The states are in terrible fiscal budget crises now and part of what we do for children's health, education and some of those elements are to help the states meet their financial needs. One of those – one of the initiatives you mentioned, the contraception, will reduce costs to the states and to the federal government."[101] Education In 1999, Pelosi voted against the Ten Commandments being displayed in public buildings, including schools[102] Pelosi voted for the No Child Left Behind Act, which instituted testing to track students' progress and authorized an increase in overall education spending.[103] Environment

President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
and Pelosi honor 300 Tuskegee Airmen
Tuskegee Airmen
at the Capitol building, March 2007.

Pelosi has supported the development of new technologies to reduce U.S. dependence upon foreign oil and remediate the adverse environmental effects of burning fossil fuels.[104] Pelosi has widely supported conservation programs and energy research appropriations. She has also voted to remove an amendment that would allow for oil and gas exploration in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.[105] Pelosi has blocked efforts to revive offshore oil drilling in protected areas, reasoning that offshore drilling could lead to an increase in dependence on fossil fuels.[106] Health care Speaker Pelosi was instrumental in the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010. Pelosi was a key figure in convincing President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
to continue pushing for health care reform after the election of Massachusetts
Sen. Scott Brown in a January special election, a defeat that was seen as potentially fatal to Democratic reform efforts.[44] After delivering 219 votes in the House for Obama's signature health care package, Pelosi was both praised and heckled as she made her way to Capitol Hill.[107] Pelosi has voted to increase Medicare and Medicaid
benefits.[108] She does not endorse Senator Bernie Sanders' bill for single payer healthcare.[109][110] Immigration

Pelosi speaking against Donald Trump's immigration ban

Pelosi at San Francisco's Chinese New Year
Chinese New Year

Pelosi voted against the Secure Fence Act of 2006.[111] Iraq War In 2002, Pelosi opposed the Iraq Resolution
Iraq Resolution
authorizing President Bush to use military force against Iraq,[112] while stating that Iraq, like "other countries of concern", had WMDs.[113] In explaining her opposition to the resolution, Pelosi noted that Central Intelligence Agency Director George Tenet
George Tenet
had told Congress that the likelihood of Iraq's Saddam Hussein
Saddam Hussein
launching an attack on the U.S. using weapons of mass destruction was low. "This is about the Constitution", Pelosi said. "It is about this Congress asserting its right to declare war when we are fully aware what the challenges are to us. It is about respecting the United Nations and a multilateral approach, which is safer for our troops." Despite Pelosi's opposition, Congress still passed a resolution authorizing President Bush to use the Armed Forces of the United States against Iraq.[114] Israel Pelosi reaffirms that "America and Israel
share an unbreakable bond: in peace and war; and in prosperity and in hardship".[115] Pelosi emphasized that "a strong relationship between the United States and Israel
has long been supported by both Democrats and Republicans. America's commitment to the safety and security of the State of Israel is unwavering,...[h]owever, the war in Iraq has made both America and Israel
less safe." Pelosi's voting record shows consistent support for Israel. Prior to 2006 elections in the Palestinian Authority, she voted for a Congressional initiative disapproving of participation in the elections by Hamas
and other organizations defined as terrorist by the legislation. She agrees with the current U.S. stance in support of land-for-peace. She has applauded Israeli "hopeful signs" of offering land, while criticizing Palestinian "threats" of not demonstrating peace in turn. She states, "If the Palestinians agree to coordinate with Israel
on the evacuation, establish the rule of law, and demonstrate a capacity to govern, the world may be convinced that finally there is a real partner for peace".[115] During the 2006 Lebanon War, Pelosi voted in favor of Resolution 921 on the count that "the seizure of Israeli soldiers by Hezbollah terrorists was an unprovoked attack and Israel
has the right, and indeed the obligation, to respond". She argues that organizations and political bodies in the Mideast like Hamas
and Hezbollah
"have a greater interest in maintaining a state of hostility with Israel
than in improving the lives of the people they claim to represent". Pelosi asserts that civilians on both sides of the border "have been put at risk by the aggression of Hamas
and Hezbollah" in part for their use of "civilians as shields by concealing weapons in civilian areas".[116] In September 2008, Pelosi hosted a reception in Washington with Israeli Knesset
speaker Dalia Itzik, along with 20 members of Congress, where they toasted the "strong friendship" between Israel and the United States. During the ceremony, Pelosi held up the replica dog tags of the three Israeli soldiers captured by Hezbollah
and Hamas in 2006 and stated that she keeps them as a "symbol of the sacrifices made, sacrifices far too great by the people of the state of Israel".[117] First Gulf War Pelosi opposed U.S. intervention in the 1991 Gulf War.[96][118] LGBT rights

The 2013 San Francisco
San Francisco
Pride Festival

Pelosi received a 100% rating from the Human Rights Campaign
Human Rights Campaign
for the 107th, 108th, and 109th sessions of Congress, indicating that she voted in agreement with HRC's slate of pro-gay legislative issues.[119] In 1996 she voted against the Defense of Marriage Act,[120] and in 2004 and 2006, she voted against the proposed Federal Marriage Amendment, which would amend the United States Constitution to define marriage federally as being between one man and one woman, thereby overriding states' individual rights to legalize same-sex marriage.[121][122] When the Supreme Court of California
overturned the state's ban on same-sex marriage, Pelosi released a statement welcoming the "historic decision." She voiced her opposition to Proposition 8, the successful ballot initiative, which defined marriage in California
as a union between one man and one woman.[123] Pelosi states that her Catholic faith is behind her position on LGBT rights such as same-sex marriage, despite the fact that the Catholic Church clearly teaches that marriage is between one man and one woman, and that homosexual behavior is sinful. Pelosi says "My religion compels me—and I love it for it—to be against discrimination of any kind in our country, and I consider [the ban on gay marriage] a form of discrimination. I think it’s unconstitutional on top of that."[124] Marijuana legalization Pelosi supports reform in marijuana laws, although NORML's deputy director Paul Armentano said that she and other members of Congress hadn't done anything to change the laws.[125] She also supports use of medical marijuana.[126] Military draft

Speaker-designate Pelosi and House Minority Whip
House Minority Whip
Steny Hoyer
Steny Hoyer
meeting with President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
on November 9, 2006

In regard to Representative Charles Rangel's (D-NY) plan to introduce legislation that would reinstate the draft, Pelosi stated that she did not support such legislation.[127] NSA Spying/PRISM Program Pelosi supports the Bush/Obama NSA spying program called PRISM. On June 22, 2013 she was booed at Netroots Nation
Netroots Nation
for saying Edward Snowden was a criminal.[128]

Pelosi meeting with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, and Ambassador Sergey Kislyak, June 2010

Syria Pelosi supports the Syria Accountability Act
Syria Accountability Act
and Iran
Freedom and Support Act. In a speech at the AIPAC 2005 annual conference, Pelosi said that "for too long, leaders from both parties haven't done enough" to put pressure on Russia
and China who are providing Iran with technological information on nuclear issues and missiles. "If evidence of participation by other nations in Iran's nuclear program is discovered, I will insist that the Administration use, rather than ignore, the evidence in determining how the U.S. deals with that nation or nations on other issues."[129] In April 2007, she visited Damascus
and stated there "the road to Damascus
is a road to peace."[130] Waterboarding Pelosi has stated that she now opposes the interrogation technique of waterboarding.[131] According to the CIA, while Pelosi was the ranking member of the House Intelligence Committee, she was briefed on the ongoing use of so-called "enhanced interrogation techniques", including waterboarding authorized for a captured terrorist, Abu Zubaydah,[132][133][134] in one hour-long briefing in 2002. After the briefing, Pelosi said she "was assured by lawyers with the CIA and the Department of Justice that the methods were legal."[135] Two unnamed former Bush Administration officials say that the briefing was detailed and graphic, and at the time she didn't raise substantial objections.[136] One unnamed U.S. official present during the early briefings said, "In fairness, the environment was different then because we were closer to September 11 and people were still in a panic. But there was no objecting, no hand-wringing. The attitude was, 'We don't care what you do to those guys as long as you get the information you need to protect the American people.' "[137] However, several top Democratic lawmakers in the House signed a letter on June 26, 2009, alleging that CIA Director Leon Panetta
Leon Panetta
had asserted that the CIA misled Congress for a "number of years" spanning back to 2001, casting clouds on the controversy.[138] Neither letter, lawmakers or the CIA provided details and the circumstances surrounding the allegations make it hard to assess the claims and counterclaims of both sides.[139] Officials in Congress say her ability to challenge the practices may have been hampered by strict rules of secrecy that prohibited her from being able to take notes or consult legal experts or members of her own staffs.[140] In an April 2009 press conference, Pelosi stated, "In that or any other briefing...we were not, and I repeat, were not told that waterboarding or any of these other enhanced interrogation techniques were used. What they did tell us is that they had some legislative counsel – the Office of Legislative Counsel opinions that they could be used, but not that they would. And they further – further, the point was that if and when they would be used, they would brief Congress at that time"[141][142] Pelosi's office stated that she later protested the technique and that she concurred with objections raised by Democratic colleague Jane Harman in a letter to the CIA in early 2003.[131] Electoral history

The city of San Francisco
San Francisco
named a street in Golden Gate Park
Golden Gate Park
in honor of Pelosi after her many years representing the city in Congress.

Main article: Electoral history of Nancy Pelosi Pelosi's only close race so far has been the special election to succeed Sala Burton's seat after her death in February 1987. In the special election's Democratic primary, Pelosi narrowly defeated San Francisco Supervisor Harry Britt, considered the more "progressive" candidate, with 36 percent of the vote to his 32 percent.[16][143] In the runoff against Republican candidate Harriet Ross, Pelosi received more than a 2-to-1 majority of votes cast in a turnout that comprised about 24% of eligible voters.[144] Since then, Pelosi has enjoyed overwhelming support in her political career, collecting 76 and 77 percent of the vote in California's 5th congressional district
California's 5th congressional district
for the 1988 and 1990 Race for U.S. House of Representatives. In 1992, after the redistricting from the 1990 Census, Pelosi ran in California's 8th congressional district, which now covered the San Francisco
San Francisco
area. She has continued to post landslide victories since, dropping beneath 80 percent of the vote only twice. Personal background Family Her husband, since 1963, is businessman Paul Pelosi. They have five children: Nancy Corinne, Christine, Jacqueline, Paul, and Alexandra, as well as eight grandchildren. Alexandra, a journalist, covered the Republican presidential campaigns in 2000 and made a film about the experience, Journeys with George. In 2007, Christine published a book, Campaign Boot Camp: Basic Training for Future Leaders.[145] Pelosi lives in the Pacific Heights neighborhood of San Francisco. Financial status While members of Congress are not required to disclose their exact net worth, organizations such as the nonpartisan Center for Responsive Politics (CRP) prepare estimated ranges based on public disclosures. In 2014, CRP reported Pelosi's average net worth in 2014 was $101,273,023 having ranked 8th out of 25 wealthiest members of Congress.[146] In 2009, CRP reported Pelosi's average net worth was $58,436,537 having ranked 13th among 25 wealthiest members of Congress[147] Roll Call's Wealth of Congress Index reported that Pelosi's net worth was $29.35 million and having ranked 15th out of 50 wealthiest members of Congress for 2014.[148] According to Roll Call, Pelosi and her husband, Paul, hold properties "worth at least $14.65 million, including a St. Helena vineyard in Napa Valley worth at least $5 million, and commercial real estate in San Francisco."[148] Roll Call said Pelosi's earnings are connected to her husband's heavy investments in stocks including "Apple, Comcast, Facebook, Shutterfly and Walt Disney."[148] Roll Call reported that the Pelosi's have $13.46 million in liabilities including mortgages on seven properties.[148] Business Insider reported that Pelosi's worth was $26.4 million in 2012 and was 13th among the 15 richest members of Congress.[149] Involvement in Italian-American community Pelosi is a board member of the National Organization of Italian American Women.[150] Additionally, Pelosi served for 13 years as a board member of the National Italian American Foundation
National Italian American Foundation
(NIAF). In 2007, she received the NIAF Special
Achievement Award for Public Advocacy and continues to be involved in the Foundation today. Honors and decorations

Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic on June 2, 2007[151]   Japan
Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun
Order of the Rising Sun
on April 29, 2015 In 2006 she was named Barbara Walters' Most Fascinating Person of the year.[152] She has been listed numerous times on Forbes list of the world's 100 most powerful women. As of 2014, Pelosi was ranked 26th.[153]

See also

San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay Area portal Government of the United States portal Biography portal

Electoral history of Nancy Pelosi Know Your Power List of celebrities who own wineries and vineyards Women in the United States House of Representatives List of female speakers of legislatures in the United States


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Harry Reid
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Nancy Pelosi
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(April 28, 2008). ^ Nick Miroff, In Havana, Pelosi delegation promotes Obama’s Cuba thaw, Washington Post
Washington Post
(February 10, 2015). ^ "House Passes Resolution Opposing Bush's Plan to Send More Troops to Iraq". Fox News. February 16, 2007. Retrieved June 14, 2010.  ^ "Pelosi Says Bush Has No Authority to Invade Iran". NewsMax.com, February 16, 2007. ^ "Bill Text – 110th Congress (2007–2008) – THOMAS (Library of Congress)". Thomas.loc.gov. Retrieved July 11, 2010.  ^ "Jones Introduces Resolution Requiring Congressional Approval Prior to Use of Military Force Against Iran
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Walter B. Jones
Release. Retrieved February 3, 2010. ^ "US House Speaker: Armenian Genocide
Armenian Genocide
Measure Will Go Forward". Archived from the original on October 13, 2007. Retrieved October 11, 2007.  ^ "Turkey's PM says U.S. relations in danger". Reuters. October 12, 2007. Retrieved October 12, 2007.  ^ Walsh, Diedre (October 25, 2007). "Vote on Armenian 'genocide' resolution put off". CNN. Retrieved October 29, 2007.  ^ Gertz, Bill (March 19, 2009). "Inside the Ring". The Washington Times. Retrieved March 19, 2009.  ^ Earle, Geoff (March 11, 2009). "Revealed: pelosi's 'air rage'". New York Post. Retrieved March 12, 2009.  ^ Farooq, Sajid (March 12, 2009). " Nancy Pelosi
Nancy Pelosi
Doesn't Fly Coach". WRC-TV. Retrieved August 5, 2013.  ^ Miklaszewski, Jim (March 11, 2009). "Pentagon mum on Pelosi flights". MSNBC. Archived from the original on March 15, 2009. Retrieved March 11, 2009.  ^ a b "Representative Pelosi on Abortion Issues" Archived January 3, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., Vote-Smart.org . Retrieved February 3, 2010. ^ "Archbishop: Pelosi comments on abortion are false," The Hill, August 25, 2008. ^ Kathleen Gilbert (February 18, 2009). "Following Meeting with Pope, News of Secret Meeting between Pelosi and her Bishop on Abortion". LifeSiteNews.com. Archived from the original on December 21, 2013.  ^ Memoli, Michael A. (February 7, 2013). "Pelosi calls for 'boldest possible' gun legislation". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 12, 2013.  ^ "Nancy Pelosi". Project Vote Smart. Vote Smart.  ^ Spiering, Charlie (February 11, 2013). "Pelosi claims First Amendment protects right to bear arms". Washington Examiner. Retrieved February 12, 2013.  ^ "Balanced Budget Proposed Constitutional Amendment". Key Vote. Project Vote Smart. 2006. Archived from the original on October 25, 2006. Retrieved November 12, 2006.  ^ Shadegg Finds House Wage Hike A Bit Fishy. Retrieved on January 14, 2007. ^ Fair Minimum Wage Act of 1999. Retrieved on February 7, 2007. ^ OpenSecrets.org[permanent dead link]. Retrieved January 1, 2007. ^ a b "Left-Handed Compliment," OpinionJournal.com . Retrieved February 3, 2010. ^ "ACLU Congressional Scorecard: Nancy Pelosi". ACLU. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved August 1, 2007.  ^ "Pelosi: Reauthorization of Patriot Act a Massive Invasion of Privacy" (Press release). Office of Congresswoman Nancy Pelosi. December 14, 2005. Archived from the original on July 30, 2007. Retrieved July 31, 2007.  ^ "Clerk.House.gov". Clerk.House.gov. June 22, 2005. Retrieved June 14, 2010.  ^ a b Steinhauer, Jennifer (June 25, 2015). "Search for Confederate Symbols Finds Them Aplenty in Washington". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 17, 2017.  ^ 'This Week' Transcript: Nancy Pelosi, ABC News, January 25, 2009 ^ "The Votes for Gun Control". The New York Times. June 19, 1999.  ^ "Education". Key Vote. Project Vote Smart. 2006. Archived from the original on December 4, 2006. Retrieved November 12, 2006.  ^ "Energy Issues". Key Vote. Project Vote Smart. 2006. Archived from the original on December 4, 2006. Retrieved November 12, 2006.  ^ " Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
Drilling Amendment". Key Vote. Project Vote Smart. 2006. Archived from the original on October 25, 2006. Retrieved November 12, 2006.  ^ "Pelosi blocks offshore drilling vote GOP wants," San Francisco Chronicle, August 1, 2008. ^ " Nancy Pelosi
Nancy Pelosi
Heckled – Sarah Palin Promises November Vote". National Ledger. March 22, 2010. Archived from the original on March 25, 2010. Retrieved March 24, 2010.  ^ "Health Issues". Key Vote. Project Vote Smart. 2006. Archived from the original on December 4, 2006. Retrieved November 12, 2006.  ^ Mascaro, Lisa. "Pelosi declines to endorse Sen. Bernie Sanders' single-payer healthcare bill". Los Angeles Times. Nant Capital LLC. Retrieved March 23, 2018.  ^ Min Kim, Seung. "Pelosi not endorsing Sanders' single-payer bill". Politico. Capitol News Company. Retrieved September 12, 2017.  ^ "Key Votes by Nancy Pelosi
Nancy Pelosi
Archived May 30, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.," Washington Post
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. Retrieved February 3, 2010. ^ "Final vote results for roll call 455". Office of the Clerk. October 10, 2002. Retrieved November 12, 2006.  ^ Pelosi, Nancy (October 10, 2002). "Pelosi: Unilateral Use of Force Will Be Harmful to the War on Terrorism" (Press release). House of Representatives. Archived from the original on November 2, 2006. Retrieved November 12, 2006.  ^ "Congress Passes Iraq Use of Force Resolution". about.com. October 11, 2002. Retrieved October 11, 2002.  ^ a b "Archive.org version of a Pelosi Press Release". Archive.org. 2005. Archived from the original on February 2, 2006. Retrieved January 4, 2007.  ^ "Pelosi Floor Statement on House Resolution Reaffirming Support for Israel". News West 9. July 19, 2006. Archived from the original on November 11, 2014. Retrieved August 4, 2013.  ^ "Two speakers toast to U.S.- Israel
friendship". JTA. September 18, 2008. Retrieved August 4, 2013.  ^ Hidden Casualties: Environmental, Health and Political Consequences of the Persian Gulf War by Nancy Pelosi, Saul Bloom, et al., North Atlantic Books, 1994. ISBN 978-1-55643-163-0. ^ Measuring Support for Equality in Congress Archived November 15, 2010, at the Wayback Machine., Human Rights Campaign
Human Rights Campaign
. Retrieved February 3, 2010. ^ Final Vote Results for Roll Call, U.S. House of Representatives voting records . Retrieved February 3, 2010. ^ Nancy Pelosi
Nancy Pelosi
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Chronicle, February 2, 2004. ^ "Pelosi Statement on California
State Supreme Court Ruling on Gay Marriage". House.gov. May 15, 2008. Archived from the original on August 2, 2008. Retrieved June 14, 2010.  ^ "Nancy Pelosi: My Catholic faith 'compels me' to support gay marriage". Washington Post: On Faith. May 11, 2012.  ^ "Speaker Pelosi, we've been "in touch" about marijuana will you do something now," The NormlStash Blog . Retrieved February 3, 2010. ^ Pelosi talks medical marijuana, Current.com . Retrieved February 3, 2010. ^ Pelosi says no to draft legislation, CNN
Politics, November 21, 2006 ^ " Nancy Pelosi
Nancy Pelosi
Booed, Heckled Over Edward Snowden, NSA Comments At Netroots Nation
Netroots Nation
2013". The Huffington Post. June 22, 2013.  ^ "Nancy Pelosi: Israel, don't fear Dems in Congress". ynetnews.com. 2006. Retrieved January 4, 2007.  ^ Cheney, Liz (April 15, 2007). "Liz Cheney: Conducting diplomacy in Syria is shameful". Deseret News. Retrieved March 18, 2013.  ^ a b Mazzetti, Mark. C.I.A. Official in Inquiry Called a 'Hero', New York Times, December 10, 2007. ^ Torture battle escalating, Pelosi vs. Boehner, San Francisco Chronicle, April 23, 2009 ^ Hill Briefed on Waterboarding
in 2002, The Washington Post, December 9, 2007 ^ Kane, Paul. "Pelosi briefed in 2002 on interrogation tactics," San Francisco Chronicle, May 8, 2009. ^ "Pelosi: I Was Told Interrogation Methods Were Lawful". FoxNews.com. Fox News
Fox News
Channel. May 8, 2009. Retrieved June 7, 2014. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi
Nancy Pelosi
insisted Friday that she was briefed only once about the 'enhanced' interrogation techniques being used on terrorism suspects and that she was assured by lawyers with the CIA and the Department of Justice that the methods were legal.  ^ Warrick, Joby; Dan Eggen (December 9, 2007). "Hill Briefed on Waterboarding
in 2002". Washington Post. Retrieved December 10, 2007.  ^ Warrick, Joby; Eggen, Dan (December 9, 2007). "Hill Briefed on Waterboarding
in 2002". The Washington Post. (formerly The Washington Post Company, now Nash Holdings LLC). Retrieved October 6, 2013. In fairness, the environment was different then because we were closer to Sept. 11 and people were still in a panic," said one U.S. official present during the early briefings. "But there was no objecting, no hand-wringing. The attitude was, 'We don't care what you do to those guys as long as you get the information you need to protect the American people.'   ^ Open Letter from the Congress of the United States. Published June 26, 2009 . Retrieved July 17, 2009. ^ Gorman, Siobhan (July 8, 2009). "Democrats Say Panetta Admits CIA Misled Them". [The Wall Street Journal]. Retrieved July 8, 2009.  ^ Thrush, Glenn (April 23, 2009). "Pelosi briefed on waterboarding in '02". Politico. Retrieved April 23, 2009.  ^ "Torture battle escalating, Pelosi vs. Boehner," San Francisco
San Francisco
. Retrieved February 3, 2010. ^ Thrush, Glenn (April 23, 2009). "Pelosi: I didn't know about use of waterboarding". Politico. Retrieved April 23, 2009.  ^ Lindsey, Robert (April 9, 1987). "House race in west goes to runoff". The New York Times.  Accessed via Lexis-Nexis. ^ " Nancy Pelosi
Nancy Pelosi
Wins House Seat". The Washington Post. June 3, 1987.  Accessed via Lexis-Nexis. ^ Whiting, Sam (February 3, 2008). "Christine Pelosi's boot camp trains future politicians to avoid the campaign minefield". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved October 24, 2008.  ^ "Net Worth, 2014". Center for Responsive Politics. Archived from the original on January 30, 2017. Retrieved January 31, 2017.  ^ "Net Worth, 2009". Center for Responsive Politics. Retrieved January 31, 2017.  ^ a b c d "Wealth of Congress Index". Roll Call. 2014. Retrieved January 31, 2017.  ^ Hickey, Walter (August 23, 2012). "The 15 Richest Members Of Congress". Business Insider. Retrieved January 31, 2017.  ^ "Board Members NOIAW". National Organization of Italian American Women. Retrieved October 6, 2013. listed under "DISTINGUISHED BOARD MEMBERS"  ^ "Pelosi On. Nancy decorated". The official website of the Presidency of the Italian Republic.  ^ "Walters Honors Pelosi as 'Most Fascinating' Person of 2006". Media Research Center.  ^ "The World's 100 Most Powerful Women". Forbes. Forbes. Retrieved June 24, 2014. 

Further reading

Dabbous, Y., Ladley, A. (2010), "A spine of steel and a heart of gold: Newspaper coverage of the first female Speaker of the House", Journal of Gender Studies 19 (2), pp. 181–194

External links

Find more aboutNancy Pelosiat's sister projects

Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Data from Wikidata

Office of the Democratic Leader official site for the Democratic Leader's Office U.S. Congresswoman Nancy Pelosi
Nancy Pelosi
official site for the Congresswoman's Office Nancy Pelosi
Nancy Pelosi
for Congress website, Nancy Pelosi
Nancy Pelosi
at Curlie (based on DMOZ)

Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Profile at Project Vote Smart Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress The American Ireland Fund Peace Award recipient Video Biography NIAF Lifetime Achievement Award Nancy Pelosi
Nancy Pelosi
Video produced by Makers: Women Who Make America Appearances on C-SPAN


Trinity Graduates Win Re-election: House Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi '62 Poised to Become Speaker, Kansas Governor Kathleen Sebelius '70 Wins Second Term from Trinity Washington University, November 8, 2006 Rolling With Pelosi, from Newsweek, October 23, 2006 Pelosi mines ' California
gold' for Dems nationwide: Personal skills, wide network of wealthy donors help party's House leader gather millions, from sfgate.com, April 3, 2006 Pelosi rides high, from The Economist, February 22, 2007 This Is What a Speaker Looks Like, the Winter 2007 cover story to Ms.

Party political offices

Preceded by Charles Taylor Manatt Chair of the California
Democratic Party 1981–1983 Succeeded by Peter Kelly

Preceded by David Bonior House Democratic Deputy Leader 2002–2003 Succeeded by Steny Hoyer

Preceded by Dick Gephardt House Democratic Leader 2003–present Incumbent

Preceded by Gary Locke Response to the State of the Union address 2004, 2005 Served alongside: Tom Daschle, Harry Reid Succeeded by Tim Kaine

Preceded by Bill Richardson Permanent Chair of the Democratic National Convention 2008 Succeeded by Antonio Villaraigosa

U.S. House of Representatives

Preceded by Sala Burton Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California's 5th congressional district 1987–1993 Succeeded by Bob Matsui

Preceded by Ron Dellums Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California's 8th congressional district 1993–2013 Succeeded by Paul Cook

Preceded by Jackie Speier Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California's 12th congressional district 2013–present Incumbent

Preceded by David Bonior House Minority Whip 2002–2003 Succeeded by Steny Hoyer

Preceded by Dick Gephardt House Minority Leader 2003–2007 Succeeded by John Boehner

Preceded by John Boehner House Minority Leader 2011–present Incumbent

Political offices

Preceded by Dennis Hastert Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives 2007–2011 Succeeded by John Boehner

Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)

Preceded by Fred Upton United States Representatives by seniority 14th Succeeded by Jimmy Duncan

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Nancy Pelosi

Political activities

Electoral history of Nancy Pelosi 100-Hour Plan United States House of Representatives
United States House of Representatives
elections, 2004 United States House of Representatives
United States House of Representatives
elections, 2006 United States House of Representatives
United States House of Representatives
elections, 2008 United States House of Representatives
United States House of Representatives
elections, 2010


Paul Pelosi
Paul Pelosi
(spouse) Christine Pelosi
Christine Pelosi
(daughter) Alexandra Pelosi (daughter) Michiel Vos (son-in-law) Thomas D'Alesandro Jr. (father) Thomas D'Alesandro III
Thomas D'Alesandro III

Links to related articles

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Speaker of the United States House of Representatives

Muhlenberg Trumbull Dayton Sedgwick Macon Varnum Clay Cheves Taylor Barbour Stevenson Bell Polk Hunter White Jones Davis Winthrop Cobb Boyd Banks Orr Pennington Grow Colfax Pomeroy Blaine Kerr Randall Keifer Carlisle Reed Crisp Henderson Cannon Clark Gillett Longworth Garner Rainey Byrns Bankhead Rayburn Martin McCormack Albert O'Neill Wright Foley Gingrich Hastert Pelosi Boehner Ryan

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Current leadership of the United States House of Representatives

Speaker: Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan

Majority (Republican) Minority (Democratic)

Kevin McCarthy (Leader) Steve Scalise
Steve Scalise
(Whip) Cathy McMorris Rodgers (Conference Chair) Doug Collins (Conference Vice Chair) Jason Smith (Conference Secretary) Luke Messer
Luke Messer
(Policy Committee Chair) Steve Stivers
Steve Stivers
(Campaign Committee Chair) Patrick McHenry
Patrick McHenry
(Chief Deputy Whip)

Nancy Pelosi
Nancy Pelosi
(Leader) Steny Hoyer
Steny Hoyer
(Whip) Jim Clyburn
Jim Clyburn
(Assistant Leader) Joe Crowley (Caucus Chair) Linda Sánchez
Linda Sánchez
(Caucus Vice Chair) Cheri Bustos, David Cicilline, Hakeem Jeffries
Hakeem Jeffries
(Policy/Communications Committee Co-Chairs) Ben Luján (Campaign Committee Chair) Rosa DeLauro, Eric Swalwell
Eric Swalwell
(Steering/Policy Committee Co-Chairs) John Lewis (Senior Chief Deputy Whip)

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Minority Leaders of the U.S. House of Representatives

Bailey Richardson Williams Clark Mann Clark Kitchin Garrett Garner Snell Martin Rayburn Martin Rayburn Martin Halleck Ford Rhodes Michel Gephardt Pelosi Boehner Pelosi

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Democratic party leaders in the U.S. House of Representatives

Bailey Richardson Williams Clark Underwood Kitchin Clark Kitchin Garrett Garner Rainey Byrns Bankhead Rayburn McCormack Rayburn McCormack Rayburn McCormack Albert Boggs O'Neill Wright Foley Gephardt Pelosi Hoyer Pelosi

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Minority Whips of the United States House of Representatives

Underwood Lloyd Dwight Burke Hamilton Oldfield McDuffie Bachmann Englebright Arends McCormack Arends McCormack Arends Michel Lott Cheney Gingrich Bonior Pelosi Hoyer Blunt Cantor Hoyer

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Democratic Whips of the U.S. House of Representatives

Underwood Lloyd Bell Oldfield McDuffie Greenwood Boland Ramspeck Sparkman McCormack Priest McCormack Albert Boggs O'Neill McFall Brademas Foley Coelho Gray Bonior Pelosi Hoyer Clyburn Hoyer

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Current Members of the United States House of Representatives

Presiding Officer: Speaker Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan

Majority party

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Current Republican Party conference

Majority Leader: Kevin McCarthy, Majority Whip: Steve Scalise

Other members: Abraham Aderholt Allen Amash Amodei Arrington Babin Bacon Banks Barletta Barr Barton Bergman Biggs Bilirakis M. Bishop R. Bishop Black Blackburn Blum Bost Brady Brat Bridenstine M. Brooks S. Brooks Buchanan Buck Bucshon Budd Burgess Byrne Calvert B. Carter J. Carter Chabot Cheney Coffman Cole C. Collins D. Collins Comer Comstock Conaway Cook Costello Cramer Crawford Culberson Curbelo Curtis Davidson Davis Denham Dent DeSantis DesJarlais Diaz-Balart Donovan Duffy Je. Duncan Ji. Duncan Dunn Emmer Estes Faso Ferguson Fitzpatrick Fleischmann Flores Fortenberry Foxx Frelinghuysen Gaetz Gallagher Garrett Gianforte Gibbs Gohmert Goodlatte Gosar Gowdy Granger G. Graves S. Graves T. Graves Griffith Grothman Guthrie Handel Harper Harris Hartzler Hensarling Herrera Beutler Hice Higgins Hill Holding Hollingsworth Hudson Huizenga Hultgren Hunter Hurd Issa E. Jenkins L. Jenkins B. Johnson M. Johnson S. Johnson Jones Jordan Joyce Katko M. Kelly T. Kelly P. King S. King Kinzinger Knight Kustoff Labrador LaHood LaMalfa Lamborn Lance Latta Lewis LoBiondo Long Loudermilk Love Lucas Luetkemeyer MacArthur Marchant Marino Marshall Massie Mast McCaul McClintock McHenry McKinley McMorris Rodgers McSally Meadows Meehan Messer Mitchell Moolenaar Mooney Mullin Newhouse Noem Norman Nunes Olson Palazzo Palmer Paulsen Pearce Perry Pittenger Poe Poliquin Posey Ratcliffe Reed Reichert Renacci Rice Roby Roe H. Rogers M. Rogers Rohrabacher Rokita F. Rooney T. Rooney Ros-Lehtinen Roskam Ross Rothfus Rouzer Royce Russell Rutherford Sanford Schweikert Scott Sensenbrenner Sessions Shimkus Shuster Simpson A. Smith C. Smith J. Smith L. Smith Smucker Stefanik Stewart Stivers Taylor Tenney Thompson Thornberry Tipton Trott Turner Upton Valadao Wagner Walberg Walden Walker Walorski Walters Weber Webster Wenstrup Westerman Williams Wilson Wittman Womack Woodall Yoder Yoho Da. Young Do. Young Zeldin

Delegates: González Radewagen

Minority party

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Current Democratic Party caucus

Minority Leader: Nancy Pelosi, Minority Whip: Steny Hoyer, Assistant Minority Leader: Jim Clyburn

Other members: Adams Aguilar Barragán Bass Beatty Bera Beyer Bishop Blumenauer Blunt Rochester Bonamici Boyle Brady Brown Brownley Bustos Butterfield Capuano Carbajal Cardenas Carson Cartwright Castor Castro Chu Cicilline Clark Clarke Clay Cleaver Cohen Connolly Cooper Correa Costa Courtney Crist Crowley Cuellar Cummings D. Davis S. Davis DeFazio DeGette Delaney DeLauro DelBene Demings DeSaulnier Deutch Dingell Doggett Doyle Ellison Engel Eshoo Espaillat Esty Evans Foster Frankel Fudge Gabbard Gallego Garamendi Gomez González Gottheimer A. Green G. Green Grijalva Gutiérrez Hanabusa Hastings Heck Higgins Himes Huffman Jayapal Jeffries E. Johnson H. Johnson Kaptur Keating Kelly Kennedy Khanna Kihuen Kildee Kilmer Kind Krishnamoorthi Kuster Langevin Larsen Larson Lawrence Lawson B. Lee S. Lee Levin Lewis Lieu Lipinski Loebsack Lofgren Lowenthal Lowey Luján Lujan Grisham Lynch C. Maloney S. Maloney Matsui McCollum McEachin McGovern McNerney Meeks Meng Moore Moulton Murphy Nadler Napolitano Neal Nolan Norcross O'Halleran O'Rourke Pallone Panetta Pascrell Payne Perlmutter Peters Peterson Pingree Pocan Polis Price Quigley Raskin Rice Richmond Rosen Roybal-Allard Ruiz Ruppersberger Rush Ryan Sánchez Sarbanes Schakowsky Schiff Schneider Schrader D. Scott R. Scott Serrano Sewell Shea-Porter Sherman Sinema Sires Smith Soto Speier Suozzi Swalwell Takano B. Thompson M. Thompson Titus Tonko Torres Tsongas Vargas Veasey Vela Velázquez Visclosky Walz Wasserman Schultz Waters Watson Coleman Welch Wilson Yarmuth

Delegates: Bordallo Norton Plaskett Sablan

115th United States Congress Acts of the 115th United States Congress
United States Congress
via Wikisource

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California's current delegation to the United States Congress


Dianne Feinstein
Dianne Feinstein
(D) Kamala Harris
Kamala Harris

Representatives (ordered by district)

Doug LaMalfa
Doug LaMalfa
(R) Jared Huffman
Jared Huffman
(D) John Garamendi
John Garamendi
(D) Tom McClintock
Tom McClintock
(R) Mike Thompson (D) Doris Matsui
Doris Matsui
(D) Ami Bera
Ami Bera
(D) Paul Cook (R) Jerry McNerney
Jerry McNerney
(D) Jeff Denham
Jeff Denham
(R) Mark DeSaulnier
Mark DeSaulnier
(D) Nancy Pelosi
Nancy Pelosi
(D) Barbara Lee
Barbara Lee
(D) Jackie Speier
Jackie Speier
(D) Eric Swalwell
Eric Swalwell
(D) Jim Costa
Jim Costa
(D) Ro Khanna
Ro Khanna
(D) Anna Eshoo
Anna Eshoo
(D) Zoe Lofgren
Zoe Lofgren
(D) Jimmy Panetta
Jimmy Panetta
(D) David Valadao
David Valadao
(R) Devin Nunes
Devin Nunes
(R) Kevin McCarthy (R) Salud Carbajal
Salud Carbajal
(D) Steve Knight (R) Julia Brownley
Julia Brownley
(D) Judy Chu
Judy Chu
(D) Adam Schiff
Adam Schiff
(D) Tony Cárdenas
Tony Cárdenas
(D) Brad Sherman
Brad Sherman
(D) Pete Aguilar
Pete Aguilar
(D) Grace Napolitano
Grace Napolitano
(D) Ted Lieu
Ted Lieu
(D) Jimmy Gomez
Jimmy Gomez
(D) Norma Torres
Norma Torres
(D) Raul Ruiz (D) Karen Bass
Karen Bass
(D) Linda Sánchez
Linda Sánchez
(D) Ed Royce
Ed Royce
(R) Lucille Roybal-Allard
Lucille Roybal-Allard
(D) Mark Takano
Mark Takano
(D) Ken Calvert
Ken Calvert
(R) Maxine Waters
Maxine Waters
(D) Nanette Barragán
Nanette Barragán
(D) Mimi Walters
Mimi Walters
(R) Lou Correa
Lou Correa
(D) Alan Lowenthal
Alan Lowenthal
(D) Dana Rohrabacher
Dana Rohrabacher
(R) Darrell Issa
Darrell Issa
(R) Duncan D. Hunter
Duncan D. Hunter
(R) Juan Vargas
Juan Vargas
(D) Scott Peters (D) Susan Davis (D)

Other states' delegations

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

Non-voting delegations

American Samoa District of Columbia Guam Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico U.S. Virgin Islands

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    Order of the Golden Heart recipients    

Grand Collar (Maringal na Kuwintas)

Fe del Mundo Rodolfo V. Quizon, Sr. Queen Sofía of Spain

Grand Cross (Maringal na Krus)

Daniel Akaka Bob Filner Darrell Issa Queen Letizia of Spain Nancy Pelosi Harry Reid Tsuneo Tanaka

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Inductees to the National Women's Hall of Fame



Jane Addams Marian Anderson Susan B. Anthony Clara Barton Mary McLeod Bethune Elizabeth Blackwell Pearl S. Buck Rachel Carson Mary Cassatt Emily Dickinson Amelia Earhart Alice Hamilton Helen Hayes Helen Keller Eleanor Roosevelt Florence Sabin Margaret Chase Smith Elizabeth Cady Stanton Helen Brooke Taussig Harriet Tubman


Abigail Adams Margaret Mead Mildred "Babe" Didrikson Zaharias


Dorothea Dix Juliette Gordon Low Alice Paul Elizabeth Bayley Seton



Margaret Sanger Sojourner Truth


Carrie Chapman Catt Frances Perkins


Belva Lockwood Lucretia Mott


Mary "Mother" Harris Jones Bessie Smith


Barbara McClintock Lucy Stone Harriet Beecher Stowe


Gwendolyn Brooks Willa Cather Sally Ride Ida B. Wells-Barnett



Margaret Bourke-White Barbara Jordan Billie Jean King Florence B. Seibert


Gertrude Belle Elion


Ethel Percy Andrus Antoinette Blackwell Emily Blackwell Shirley Chisholm Jacqueline Cochran Ruth Colvin Marian Wright Edelman Alice Evans Betty Friedan Ella Grasso Martha Wright Griffiths Fannie Lou Hamer Dorothy Height Dolores Huerta Mary Jacobi Mae Jemison Mary Lyon Mary Mahoney Wilma Mankiller Constance Baker Motley Georgia O'Keeffe Annie Oakley Rosa Parks Esther Peterson Jeannette Rankin Ellen Swallow Richards Elaine Roulet Katherine Siva Saubel Gloria Steinem Helen Stephens Lillian Wald Madam C. J. Walker Faye Wattleton Rosalyn S. Yalow Gloria Yerkovich


Bella Abzug Ella Baker Myra Bradwell Annie Jump Cannon Jane Cunningham Croly Catherine East Geraldine Ferraro Charlotte Perkins Gilman Grace Hopper Helen LaKelly Hunt Zora Neale Hurston Anne Hutchinson Frances Wisebart Jacobs Susette La Flesche Louise McManus Maria Mitchell Antonia Novello Linda Richards Wilma Rudolph Betty Bone Schiess Muriel Siebert Nettie Stevens Oprah Winfrey Sarah Winnemucca Fanny Wright


Virginia Apgar Ann Bancroft Amelia Bloomer Mary Breckinridge Eileen Collins Elizabeth Hanford Dole Anne Dallas Dudley Mary Baker Eddy Ella Fitzgerald Margaret Fuller Matilda Joslyn Gage Lillian Moller Gilbreth Nannerl O. Keohane Maggie Kuhn Sandra Day O'Connor Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin Pat Schroeder Hannah Greenebaum Solomon


Louisa May Alcott Charlotte Anne Bunch Frances Xavier Cabrini Mary A. Hallaren Oveta Culp Hobby Wilhelmina Cole Holladay Anne Morrow Lindbergh Maria Goeppert-Mayer Ernestine Louise Potowski Rose Maria Tallchief Edith Wharton


Madeleine Albright Maya Angelou Nellie Bly Lydia Moss Bradley Mary Steichen Calderone Mary Ann Shadd
Mary Ann Shadd
Cary Joan Ganz Cooney Gerty Cori Sarah Grimké Julia Ward Howe Shirley Ann Jackson Shannon Lucid Katharine Dexter McCormick Rozanne L. Ridgway Edith Nourse Rogers Felice Schwartz Eunice Kennedy Shriver Beverly Sills Florence Wald Angelina Grimké
Angelina Grimké
Weld Chien-Shiung Wu



Faye Glenn Abdellah Emma Smith DeVoe Marjory Stoneman Douglas Mary Dyer Sylvia A. Earle Crystal Eastman Jeanne Holm Leontine T. Kelly Frances Oldham Kelsey Kate Mullany Janet Reno Anna Howard Shaw Sophia Smith Ida Tarbell Wilma L. Vaught Mary Edwards Walker Annie Dodge Wauneka Eudora Welty Frances E. Willard


Dorothy H. Andersen Lucille Ball Rosalynn Carter Lydia Maria Child Bessie Coleman Dorothy Day Marian de Forest Althea Gibson Beatrice A. Hicks Barbara Holdridge Harriet Williams Russell Strong Emily Howell Warner Victoria Woodhull


Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis Ruth Bader Ginsburg Katharine Graham Bertha Holt Mary Engle Pennington Mercy Otis Warren


Linda G. Alvarado Donna de Varona Gertrude Ederle Martha Matilda Harper Patricia Roberts Harris Stephanie L. Kwolek Dorothea Lange Mildred Robbins Leet Patsy Takemoto Mink Sacagawea Anne Sullivan Sheila E. Widnall


Florence Ellinwood Allen Ruth Fulton Benedict Betty Bumpers Hillary Clinton Rita Rossi Colwell Mother Marianne Cope Maya Y. Lin Patricia A. Locke Blanche Stuart Scott Mary Burnett Talbert


Eleanor K. Baum Julia Child Martha Coffin Pelham Wright Swanee Hunt Winona LaDuke Elisabeth Kübler-Ross Judith L. Pipher Catherine Filene Shouse Henrietta Szold


Louise Bourgeois Mildred Cohn Karen DeCrow Susan Kelly-Dreiss Allie B. Latimer Emma Lazarus Ruth Patrick Rebecca Talbot Perkins Susan Solomon Kate Stoneman



St. Katharine Drexel Dorothy Harrison Eustis Loretta C. Ford Abby Kelley
Abby Kelley
Foster Helen Murray Free Billie Holiday Coretta Scott King Lilly Ledbetter Barbara A. Mikulski Donna E. Shalala Kathrine Switzer


Betty Ford Ina May Gaskin Julie Krone Kate Millett Nancy Pelosi Mary Joseph Rogers Bernice Sandler Anna Schwartz Emma Willard


Tenley Albright Nancy Brinker Martha Graham Marcia Greenberger Barbara Iglewski Jean Kilbourne Carlotta Walls LaNier Philippa Marrack Mary Harriman Rumsey Eleanor Smeal


Matilda Cuomo Temple Grandin Lorraine Hansberry Victoria Jackson Sherry Lansing Clare Boothe Luce Aimee Mullins Carol Mutter Janet Rowley Alice Waters

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 84256004 LCCN: n2004036550 ISNI: 0000 0001 1449 9744 GND: 134187229 SUDOC: 12820124X US Congress: P000