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Patron Saint: Ailbe
Ailbe
of Emly[3] a. ^ Munster
Munster
is part of the South constituency; the six Munster counties contain 74.1% of the population of this constituency.[4]

Munster
Munster
(Irish: an Mhumhain / Cúige Mumhan, pronounced [ə ˈvuːnʲ], [ˌkuːgʲə ˈmuːn]) is one of the provinces of Ireland situated in the south of Ireland. In early Ireland, the Kingdom of Munster
Munster
was one of the kingdoms of Gaelic Ireland
Gaelic Ireland
ruled by a "king of over-kings" Irish: rí ruirech. Following the Norman invasion of Ireland, the ancient kingdoms were shired into counties for administrative and judicial purposes. In later centuries, local government legislation has seen further sub-division of the historic counties. Munster
Munster
has no official function for local government purposes. For the purposes of the ISO, the province is listed as one of the provincial sub-divisions of the State (ISO 3166-2:IE) and coded as "IE-M". Geographically, Munster
Munster
covers a total area of 24,675 km2 (9,527 sq mi) and has a population of 1,280,020,[2] with the most populated city being Cork. Other significant urban centres in the province include Limerick
Limerick
and Waterford.

Contents

1 History 2 Culture

2.1 Sport

2.1.1 Hurling
Hurling
and football 2.1.2 Rugby Union 2.1.3 Soccer

2.2 Irish language

3 Divisions

3.1 Urban areas

4 Economy

4.1 Agriculture 4.2 Retail 4.3 Employment

5 In media 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Main article: Kingdom of Munster

The Rock of Cashel, Co. Tipperary, historical seat of the Kings of Munster

In the early centuries AD, Munster
Munster
was the domain of the Iverni peoples and the Clanna Dedad familial line, led by Cú Roí and to whom the king Conaire Mór also belonged. In the 5th century, Saint Patrick spent several years in the area and founded Christian churches and ordained priests. During the Early Middle Ages, most of the area was part of the Kingdom of Munster, ruled by the Eóganachta
Eóganachta
dynasty. Prior to this, the area was ruled by the Dáirine and Corcu Loígde overlords from the early 7th century onwards, perhaps beginning with the career of Faílbe Flann mac Áedo Duib. Later rulers from the Eóganachta
Eóganachta
who would dominate a greater part of Ireland were Cathal mac Finguine and Feidlimid mac Cremthanin. Notable regional kingdoms and lordships of Early Medieval Munster
Munster
were Iarmuman (West Munster), Osraige
Osraige
(Ossory), Uí Liatháin, Uí Fidgenti, Éile, Múscraige, Ciarraige Luachra, Corcu Duibne, Corcu Baiscinn, and Déisi Muman. By the 9th century, the Gaels
Gaels
had been joined by Norse Vikings
Vikings
who founded towns such as Cork, Waterford
Waterford
and Limerick, for the most part incorporated into a maritime empire by the Dynasty of Ivar, who periodically would threaten Munster
Munster
with conquest in the next century. Around this period Ossory broke away from Munster. The 10th century saw the rise of the Dalcassian clan, who had earlier annexed Thomond, north of the River Shannon
River Shannon
to Munster. Their leaders were the ancestors of the O'Brien dynasty
O'Brien dynasty
and spawned Brian Boru, perhaps the most noted High King of Ireland, and several of whose descendants were also High Kings. By 1118, Munster
Munster
had fractured into the Kingdom of Thomond
Kingdom of Thomond
under the O'Briens, the Kingdom of Desmond
Kingdom of Desmond
under the MacCarthy
MacCarthy
dynasty (Eóganachta), and the short-lived Kingdom of Ormond
Kingdom of Ormond
under the O'Kennedys (another Dalcassian sept). The three crowns of the flag of Munster
Munster
represent these three late kingdoms. There was Norman influence from the 14th century, including by the FitzGerald, de Clare and Butler houses, two of whom carved out earldoms within the Lordship of Ireland, the Earls of Desmond eventually becoming independent potentates, while the Earls of Ormond remained closer to England. The O'Brien of Thomond
Thomond
and MacCarthy
MacCarthy
of Desmond surrendered and regranted sovereignty to the Tudors in 1543 and 1565, joining the Kingdom of Ireland. The impactful Desmond Rebellions, led by the FitzGeralds, soon followed. By the mid-19th century much of the area was hit hard in the Great Famine, especially the west.[5] The province was affected by events in the Irish War of Independence
Irish War of Independence
in the early 20th century, and there was a brief Munster Republic during the Irish Civil War. The Irish leaders Michael Collins and earlier Daniel O'Connell
Daniel O'Connell
came from families of the old Gaelic Munster
Munster
gentry. Culture[edit] Noted for its traditions in Irish folk music, and with many ancient castles and monasteries in the province, Munster
Munster
is a tourist destination. During the fifth century, St. Patrick spent seven years founding churches and ordaining priests in Munster, but a fifth century bishop named Ailbe
Ailbe
is the patron saint of Munster. In Irish mythology, a number of pagan goddesses are associated with the province including Anann, Áine, Grian, Clíodhna, Aimend, Mór Muman, Bébinn, Aibell and Queen Mongfind. Each is historically associated with certain septs of the nobility. The druid-god of Munster
Munster
is Mug Ruith. The province has long had trading and cultural links with continental Europe. The tribe of Corcu Loígde
Corcu Loígde
had a trading fleet active along the French Atlantic coast, as far south as Gascony, importing wine to Munster. The Eóganachta
Eóganachta
had ecclesiastical ties with Germany, which show in the architecture of their ceremonial capital at the Rock of Cashel. The majority of Irish ogham inscriptions are found in Munster, principally in areas occupied by the Iverni, especially the Corcu Duibne.[6] Later, Europe's first linguistic dictionary in any non-Classical language, the Sanas Cormaic, was compiled by Munster scholars, traditionally thought to have been directed by the king-bishop Cormac mac Cuilennáin
Cormac mac Cuilennáin
(d. 908). The School of Ross in Munster
Munster
was one of Europe's leading centres of learning in the Early Middle Ages. Sport[edit] Several sports in Munster
Munster
are organised on a provincial basis, or operate competitions along provincial lines. This includes traditionally popular sports such as hurling, Gaelic football, rugby union and soccer, as well as cricket ( Munster
Munster
Cricket Union), hockey ( Munster
Munster
Hockey Union), and others. Hurling
Hurling
and football[edit] Further information: Munster
Munster
GAA, Munster
Munster
Senior Hurling
Hurling
Championship, and Munster
Munster
Senior Football Championship Munster
Munster
is noted for its tradition of hurling. Three of the four most successful teams in the All-Ireland Senior Hurling
Hurling
Championship are from Munster; Cork GAA, Tipperary GAA
Tipperary GAA
and Limerick
Limerick
GAA. The final of the Munster
Munster
Senior Hurling
Hurling
Championship is one of the most important days in the Irish GAA calendar.[citation needed] Munster
Munster
is the only province in Ireland that all of its counties have won an All-Ireland Senior Hurling
Hurling
Championship. Traditionally, the dominant teams in Munster
Munster
football are Kerry GAA and Cork GAA, although Tipperary GAA
Tipperary GAA
and Limerick
Limerick
GAA have also won All-Ireland Senior Football Championships. Kerry in particular are the most successful county in the history of football.[citation needed] Rugby Union[edit]

Thomond
Thomond
Park in Limerick
Limerick
– one of two venues in the province which host Munster Rugby
Munster Rugby
games

Main article: Munster
Munster
Rugby Rugby is a popular game in the cities of Limerick
Limerick
and Cork. Munster Rugby is an Irish Rugby Football Union
Irish Rugby Football Union
representative side which competes in the Pro14
Pro14
competition, winning in 2003, 2009 and 2011 and in the Heineken Cup, winning in 2006 and 2008. Until 2016, the Munster side was the only Irish side to have defeated the New Zealand All Blacks. Soccer[edit] Main article: Munster
Munster
Football Association Association football is also a popular game in Munster, with the Munster Football Association governing a number of aspects of the game in the province. Four Munster
Munster
clubs play in the Airtricity
Airtricity
League of Ireland; Cork City F.C.
Cork City F.C.
and Limerick
Limerick
FC in the League of Ireland Premier Division and Waterford
Waterford
United & Cobh Ramblers
Cobh Ramblers
in the Irish First Division. Irish language[edit] Further information: Munster
Munster
Irish The Irish language, or more specifically Munster
Munster
Irish, is spoken as a first language in Gaeltachtaí
Gaeltachtaí
(Irish speaking areas) in a number of areas in the province. This includes West Kerry (Corca Dhuibhne), South Kerry (Uíbh Ráthach), West Cork (Múscraí), south-west Cork (Oileán Cléire), and parts of Waterford
Waterford
(Gaeltacht na Rinne or Gaeltacht na nDéise). There are about 35,000 Irish language
Irish language
speakers in Munster, with 9,737 native speakers in the Munster
Munster
Gaeltacht areas of Cork, Kerry and Waterford. There are also 12,219 pupils attending 45 Gaelscoils (Irish language primary schools) and 15 Gaelcholáiste
Gaelcholáiste
(Irish language secondary schools) in the province.[7] As of the Census of Ireland 2011 there were 13,193 daily speakers outside the education system in Munster. Divisions[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1981 998,315 —    

1986 1,020,577 +2.2%

1991 1,009,533 −1.1%

1996 1,033,903 +2.4%

2002 1,100,614 +6.5%

2006 1,173,340 +6.6%

2011 1,246,088 +6.2%

2016 1,280,020 +2.7%

[8][2]

The province includes nine local government structures, made up of six counties and three cities:

County/City Population[A][9] Area (km²)[A]

County Clare 118,627 3,450

County Cork 333,527 7,500

Cork City 208,669

County Kerry 147,554 4,807

County Limerick 100,983 2,756

Limerick
Limerick
City 94,192

County Tipperary 160,441 4,305

County Waterford 60,291 1,857

Waterford
Waterford
City 53,504

Total 1,277,785[citation needed] 24,675

Urban areas[edit]

Cork City Quays

Limerick
Limerick
City Quays

Waterford
Waterford
City Quays

Munster
Munster
has many large towns (including a number of growing satellite towns) and is the province with the most cities in the Republic of Ireland. In order of size (2016 census figures; urban areas with over 10,000 inhabitants), with cities and county towns bolded: See also: List of urban areas in the Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
by population

Cork (208,669) Limerick
Limerick
(94,192) Waterford
Waterford
(53,504) Ennis
Ennis
(25,276) Tralee
Tralee
(23,691) Ballincollig
Ballincollig
(18,621) Clonmel[B] (17,140) Carrigaline
Carrigaline
(15,770) Killarney
Killarney
(14,504) Cobh
Cobh
(12,800) Midleton
Midleton
(12,496) Mallow (12,459) Tramore
Tramore
(10,831)

Urban areas with 5,000–10,000 inhabitants:

Shannon (9,729) Dungarvan (9,227) Nenagh (8,968)[B] Youghal
Youghal
(7,963) Thurles
Thurles
(7,940) Bandon (6,957) Newcastle West
Newcastle West
(6,619) Fermoy
Fermoy
(6,585) Carrick on Suir
Carrick on Suir
(5,771) Roscrea
Roscrea
(5,446) Carrigtwohill
Carrigtwohill
(5,080) Tipperary (4,979) Listowel
Listowel
(4,820) Clonakilty
Clonakilty
(4,592) Blarney
Blarney
(2,539)

Economy[edit] Munster
Munster
is the second wealthiest province on the island of Ireland,[citation needed] with 2014 CSO figures indicating GDP per capita ranges from €28,094 in the South Tipperary/Waterford (South-East) region to €50,544 in Cork and Kerry (South-West).[10] The province contributes 50bn euro to Irish GDP (25% of total Irish GDP in 2012).[11][not in citation given]

Area Population Counties City GDP € (2012) GDP per person € GDP € (2014) GDP per person €

South-West Region 660,000 Cork & Kerry Cork €32.3 bn €48,500 €33.745 bn €50,544

Mid-West Region 380,000 Limerick
Limerick
& North Tipperary & Clare Limerick €11.4 bn €30,300 €12.116 bn €31,792

South-East Region 460,000 Waterford
Waterford
& South Tipperary Waterford €12.8 bn €25,600 €14.044 bn €28,094

Source: Eurostat[12][10]

Agriculture[edit] Munster's agricultural industry centres around the Golden Vale pasturelands which cover counties Cork, Limerick
Limerick
and Tipperary. Kerry Group manufactures dairy products from the dairy cows of the region, and Glanbia
Glanbia
is a food producer which operates an "innovation centre" in the region.[13] Dawn Meats also operate from County Waterford.[14] Retail[edit] Irish-owned retailer Dunnes Stores
Dunnes Stores
was founded in Cork, and Ireland's largest supermarket group, the Musgrave Group, is also based in Munster. Employment[edit] Large employers in the region include AOL, Bausch & Lomb, Dairygold, Dell, Amazon, Motorola, Amgen, Pfizer, Analog Devices, Fexco Financial Services, Vistakon, Waterford
Waterford
Crystal, Apple Computer, Intel, Novartis, O2, Lufthansa Technik, Kerry Group, Siemens, Sony
Sony
and Blizzard Entertainment. The largest employment hub in Munster
Munster
is Metropolitan Cork, where a number of multinational firms are located in the Cork city area, including at Little Island. The Shannon Free Zone near Limerick
Limerick
city is also a centre of employment. In media[edit] See also: List of newspapers in the Republic of Ireland A number of television companies and studios have (or had) a Munster-focus. These include RTÉ
RTÉ
Cork (RTÉ's regional studio in Cork), South Coast TV and Channel South. The latter transmitted local programming to Cork, Limerick, and parts of Kerry, Waterford, Clare and Tipperary. Apart from the local city or regional newspapers, a number of print outlets focus or market themselves on a provincial basis. These include the Avondhu (covering parts of Cork, Waterford, Limerick
Limerick
and Tipperary),[15] the Nationalist & Munster
Munster
Advertiser, the Munster Express,[16] and others. See also[edit]

Provinces of Ireland New Munster
Munster
Province

Notes[edit]

A This is the cities' urban area populations and not city proper

B County Tipperary
County Tipperary
has two county towns, following the 2014 amalgamation of North Tipperary County Council and South Tipperary County Council

References[edit]

^ " ISO 3166-2 Newsletter II-1, 19 February 2010, which gives "Munster" as the official English name of the Province and "An Mhumhain" as the official Irish name of the Province and cites "Ordnance Survey Office, Dublin 1993" as its source" (PDF). www.iso.org.  ^ a b c "Sapmap Area: Province Munster". Census 2016. Central Statistics Office. 2016.  ^ Challoner, Richard. A Memorial of Ancient British Piety: or, a British Martyrology, p. 128. W. Needham, 1761. Retrieved 14 March 2013. ^ Census of Ireland 2016: 1,280,394 out of 1,728,324 total. ^ In 1841, before the Great Famine, there were just under three million people living in the province, but the population dropped devastatingly low due to mass emigration in the 1840s and continued emigration up until the 1980s. ^ The ruins of the Iron Age
Iron Age
mountaintop fortress Caherconree, preserving the name of Cú Roí, can also be found in their lands. ^ " Gaelscoil
Gaelscoil
stats" (PDF). Gaelscoileanna.ie. 2011.  ^ for post 1821 figures, 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865, For a discussion on the accuracy of pre-famine census returns see JJ Lee "On the accuracy of the pre-famine Irish censuses" in Irish Population, Economy and Society edited by JM Goldstrom and LA Clarkson (1981) p54, in and also New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850 by Joel Mokyr and Cormac Ó Gráda in The Economic History Review, New Series, Vol. 37, No. 4 (Nov. 1984), pp. 473–488. ^ "Population Density and Area Size 2016 by Towns by Size, CensusYear and Statistic". www.cso.ie.  ^ a b "County Incomes and Regional GDP (Table 9a GDP per person at Basic Prices, 2006 to 2014)". Central Statistics Office. 22 March 2017.  ^ "County incomes and regional GDP" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 November 2011.  ^ appsso.eurostat.ec.europa ^ Gianbia Nutritionals – Official website ^ "Contact Us". www.dawnmeats.com. Retrieved 2017-09-14.  ^ "About Us". AvondhuPress. Retrieved 21 February 2016.  ^ "About Us Munster
Munster
Express Online". Munster-express.ie. Retrieved 21 February 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Munster.

Texts on Wikisource:

Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Munster". Encyclopedia Americana.  " Munster
Munster
(Ireland)". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.  Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Munster". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead. 

v t e

Kingdom of Munster

Túatha

Eóganachta

Eóganacht Chaisil Eóganacht Glendamnach Eóganacht Locha Léin Eóganacht Raithlind Eóganacht Áine Eóganacht Airthir Cliach Eóganacht Ninussa

Érainn

Corcu Baiscind Corcu Duibne Corcu Loígde Múscraige Corca Oiche

Ulaid

Corco Mruad Ciarraige Luachra Ciarraige Chuirchi Ciarraige Áei Ciarraige Choinnenn Orbraige Aradh

Others

Deirgtine Dáirine Mairtine Déisi Muman Dál gCais Uí Fidgenti Uí Liatháin Uí Duach Éile Cenél Cerdraige Osraige Fir Maige Féne Aes Ealla Uaithne Glasraighe Dál Coirpri Aradh

Reigning clans

Kindreds

Dáirine Deirgtine Corcu Loígde Eóganacht Áine Eóganacht Glendamnach Eóganacht Chaisil Múscraige Eóganacht Raithlind Uí Ímair Dál gCais

Septs

Ó hEidirsceoil Ó Ciarmhaic Ó Caoimh Ó Súilleabháin Mac Cárthaigh Ó Donnagáin Ó Donnchadha Ó Mathghamhna Ó Briain

Successor realms

Osraige Desmond Thomond Ormond Lordship of Ireland

General

List of kings of Munster Province of Munster Munster
Munster
Irish Annals of Inisfallen Senchas Fagbála Caisil Caithréim Chellacháin Chaisil Cogad Gáedel re Gallaib

Celts portal Ireland portal Category WikiProject

v t e

Counties of Ireland

The counties are listed per province

 Connacht

Galway Leitrim Mayo Roscommon Sligo

 Leinster

Carlow Dublin

Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown Fingal South Dublin

Kildare Kilkenny Laois Longford Louth Meath Offaly Westmeath Wexford Wicklow

 Munster

Clare Cork Kerry Limerick Tipperary Waterford

 Ulster

Antrim† Armagh† Cavan Donegal Down† Fermanagh† Londonderry† Monaghan Tyrone†

Italics denote non-administrative counties. Brackets denote non-traditional counties. †denotes non-administrative counties o

.