1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers
> 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes
(e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Montpellier (pronounced [mɔ̃pəlje,
-pɛ-] ( listen); Occitan: Montpelhièr [mumpeˈʎɛ])
is a city in southern France. It is the capital of the Hérault
Montpellier is the 7th-largest city of France, and is also
the fastest-growing city in the country over the past 25 years.
In 2014, 589,610 people live in the urban area and 275,318 in the city
itself. Nearly one third of the population are students from three
universities and from three higher education institutions that are
outside the university framework in the city. Located near the
south coast of
France on the Mediterranean Sea, it is the
third-largest French city on the Mediterranean coast after Marseille
1.1 Medieval period
1.2 After the Reformation
1.3 Modern history
1.4 Lords of Montpellier
7.3 Grandes Ecoles
11 International relations
11.1 Twin towns – Sister cities
12 Notable people
13 Other locations named after Montpellier
14 See also
16 Further reading
17 External links
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See also: Timeline of Montpellier
Montpellier in the 16th century
Montpellier is one of the few large cities in
France without any Roman
heritage and also one of the few cities in southern
France without a
In the Early Middle Ages, the nearby episcopal town of
the major settlement in the area, but raids by pirates encouraged
settlement a little further inland. Montpellier, first mentioned in a
document of 985, was founded under a local feudal dynasty, the
Guilhem, who combined two hamlets and built a castle and walls around
the united settlement. The two surviving towers of the city walls, the
Tour des Pins and the Tour de la Babotte, were built later, around the
Montpellier came to prominence in the 12th century—as a
trading centre, with trading links across the Mediterranean world, and
a rich Jewish cultural life that flourished within traditions of
tolerance of Muslims, Jews and Cathars—and later of its Protestants.
William VIII of Montpellier
William VIII of Montpellier gave freedom for all to teach medicine in
Montpellier in 1180. The city's faculties of law and medicine were
established in 1220 by Cardinal Conrad of Urach, legate of Pope
Honorius III; the medicine faculty has, over the centuries, been one
of the major centres for the teaching of medicine in Europe. This era
marked the high point of Montpellier's prominence. The city became a
possession of the
Kings of Aragon
Kings of Aragon in 1204 by the marriage of Peter II
of Aragon with Marie of Montpellier, who was given the city and its
dependencies as part of her dowry.
Montpellier gained a charter in
1204 when Peter and Marie confirmed the city's traditional freedoms
and granted the city the right to choose twelve governing consuls
annually. Under the Kings of Aragon,
Montpellier became a very
important city, a major economic centre and the primary centre for the
spice trade in the Kingdom of France. It was the second or third most
important city of
France at that time, with some 40,000 inhabitants
before the Black Death.
Montpellier remained a possession of the crown
of Aragon until it passed to James III of Majorca, who sold the city
to the French king Philip VI in 1349, to raise funds for his ongoing
struggle with Peter IV of Aragon. In the 14th century, Pope Urban VIII
Montpellier a new monastery dedicated to Saint Peter, noteworthy
for the very unusual porch of its chapel, supported by two high,
somewhat rocket-like towers. With its importance steadily increasing,
the city finally gained a bishop, who moved from
Maguelone in 1536,
and the huge monastery chapel became a cathedral. In 1432, Jacques
Cœur established himself in the city and it became an important
economic centre, until 1481 when
Marseille overshadowed it in this
After the Reformation
At the time of the Reformation in the 16th century, many of the
Montpellier became Protestants (or
Huguenots as they
were known in France) and the city became a stronghold of Protestant
resistance to the Catholic French crown. In 1622, King Louis XIII
besieged the city which surrendered after a two months siege (Siege of
Montpellier), afterwards building the
Citadel of Montpellier
Citadel of Montpellier to secure
it. Louis XIV made
Montpellier capital of Bas Languedoc, and the town
started to embellish itself, by building the Promenade du Peyrou, the
Esplanade and a large number of houses in the historic centre. After
the French Revolution, the city became the capital of the much smaller
Rue Foch with its typical 19th-century architecture.
During the 19th century the city developed into an industrial centre.
In the 1960s, its population grew dramatically after French settlers
Algeria were resettled in the city following Algeria's independence
from France. In the 1980s and 1990s, the city drew attention with a
number of major redevelopment projects, such as the Corum and
especially the Antigone District.
Lords of Montpellier
Main article: Lords of Montpellier
William I of Montpellier (died 1019)
William II of Montpellier (died 1025)
William III of Montpellier (died 1058)
William IV of Montpellier (died 1068)
William V of Montpellier (died 1121)
William VI of Montpellier
William VI of Montpellier (died 1149)
William VII of Montpellier (died 1179)
William VIII of Montpellier
William VIII of Montpellier (died 1202)
Marie of Montpellier
Marie of Montpellier (died 1213)
Peter II of Aragon
Peter II of Aragon (died 1213)
James I of Aragon
James I of Aragon (died 1276)
James II of Majorca
James II of Majorca (died 1311)
James III of Majorca (died 1349)
Montpellier seen from Spot satellite
The city is situated on hilly ground 10 km (6 mi) inland
from the Mediterranean coast on the River Lez. The name of the city,
which was originally Monspessulanus, is said to have stood for mont
pelé (the naked hill, because the vegetation was poor), or le mont de
la colline (the mount of the hill)
Montpellier is located 170 km (106 mi) from Marseille,
242 km (150 mi) from Toulouse, and 748 km (465 mi)
from Paris, the capital of France.
Montpellier's highest point is the Place du Peyrou, at an altitude of
57 m (187 ft). The city is built on two hills, Montpellier
and Montpelliéret, thus some of its streets have great differences of
altitude. Some of its streets are also very narrow and old, which
gives it a more intimate feel.
Montpellier has a
Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa), with mild, damp
winters, and hot, rather dry summers. The monthly mean ranges from
7.1 °C (44.8 °F) in January to 23.4 °C
(74.1 °F) in July.
Precipitation is around 660 millimetres
(26.0 in), and is greatest in fall and winter, but not absent in
summer, either. Extreme temperatures have ranged from −17.8 °C
(−0.04 °F) recorded on February 5, 1963 and up to
37.5 °C (99.5 °F) on July 17, 1990.
Climate data for
Montpellier (1981–2010 averages)
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days
Average snowy days
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Source #1: Météo France
Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990)
Montpellier has been divided into seven official
neighbourhoods, themselves divided into sub-neighbourhoods. Each of
them possesses a neighbourhood council.
Montpellier-centre : historical centre (Écusson), Comédie,
Gares, Faubourg Boutonnet, Saint-Charles, Faubourg Saint-Jaume,
Peyrou, Les Arceaux, Figuerolles, Faubourg du Courreau, Gambetta,
Clémenceau, Méditerranée, boulevard de Strasbourg, Le Triangle,
Polygone, Antigone, Nouveau-Monde, Parc à Ballons, Les Aubes, Les
Croix-d'Argent : avenue de Toulouse, Croix d'Argent, Mas Drevon,
Tastavin, Lemasson, Garosud, Mas de Bagnères, Mas Nouguier, les
Sabines, Lepic, Pas du Loup, Estanove, les Bouisses, Val-de-Crozes,
Les Cévennes : Les Cévennes, Alco, Le Petit Bard, Pergola,
Saint-Clément, Clémentville, Las Rebès, La Chamberte, La Martelle,
Montpellier-Village, Les Grisettes, Les Grèzes.
Mosson : La Mosson, Celleneuve, La Paillade, les
Hauts-de-Massane, Le Grand-Mail, Les Tritons.
Hôpitaux-Facultés : Malbosc, Saint-Priest, Euromédecine,
Zolad, Plan des 4 Seigneurs, Hôpitaux, IUT, Père Soulas,
Universités, Vert-Bois, Hauts de Boutonnet, Aiguelongue, Justice,
Parc zoologique de Lunaret, Agropolis.
Port-Marianne : La Pompignane, Richter, Millénaire, Jacques
Cœur, Consuls de Mer, Grammont, Odysseum, Montaubérou, La
Prés d'Arènes : Les Prés d'Arènes, Avenue de Palavas, La
Rauze, Tournezy, Saint-Martin, Les Aiguerelles, Pont-Trinquat, Cité
The whole metropolitan area had a population of 510,400 in 2006. In
2011, the estimated population of the metropolitan area was
For most of its history, and even today,
Montpellier is known for its
significant Spanish population, heritage and influence. Montpellier
also houses important Moroccan, Algerian, and Italian communities.
The arms of
Montpellier are blazoned:
Azure, a madonna proper, vested gules and azure, sitting on an antique
throne Or, holding a Baby Jesus proper vested azure, in chief the
uncial letters A and M, and in base on an inescutcheon argent a
The virgin is "Notre Dame des Tables", named for the money changing
tables at the Basilica of Notre-Dame des Tables. The A and M are for
"Ave Maria". The inescutcheon is the arms of the Lords of Montpellier
Place de la Comédie.
Porte du Peyrou.
Tour de la Babote.
Saint Clément Aqueduct.
Saint Pierre Cathedral
Fabre Museum in Montpellier
The main focus point of the city is the Place de la Comédie, with the
Opera Comédie built in 1888.
The Musée Fabre.
In the historic centre, a significant number of hôtels particuliers
can be found. The majority of the buildings of the historic centre of
Montpellier (called the Écusson because its shape is roughly that of
an escutcheon) have medieval roots and were modified between the 16th
and the 18th centuries. Some buildings, along Rue Foch and the Place
de la Comédie, were built in the 19th century.
The Rue du Bras de Fer (Iron Arm Street) is very typical of the
The mikve, ritual Jewish bath, dates back to the 12th century and is
one of very few in Europe.
The Jardin des plantes de Montpellier—oldest botanical garden in
France, founded in 1593
The La Serre Amazonienne, a tropical rain forest greenhouse
The 14th-century Saint Pierre Cathedral
The Porte du Peyrou, a triumphal arch built at the end of the 17th
century, and the Place Royal du Peyrou built in the 17th century, are
the highest point of the Ecusson.
The Tour des Pins, the only remaining of 25 towers of the city
medieval walls, built around 1200.
The Tour de la Babotte, a medieval tower which was modified in the
18th century to welcome an observatory.
The Saint Clément Aqueduct, built in the 18th century.
Antigone District and other housing projects have been designed by
Ricardo Bofill from Catalonia, Spain
A number of châteaux, so-called follies, built by wealthy merchants
surround the city
Nearly 80 private mansions were built in the city from the 17th to
19th century, and some of their interior courtyards are open
University of Montpellier
University of Montpellier is one of the oldest in the world,
founded in 1160, and having been granted a charter in 1220 by Cardinal
Conrad von Urach and confirmed by
Pope Nicholas IV
Pope Nicholas IV in a papal bull of
1289. It was suppressed during the
French Revolution but was
re-established in 1896.
It is not known exactly at what date the schools of literature were
founded which developed into the
Montpellier faculty of arts; it may
be that they were a direct continuation of the Gallo-Roman schools.
The school of law was founded by Placentinus, a doctor from Bologna
university, who came to
Montpellier in 1160, taught there during two
different periods, and died there in 1192. The school of medicine was
founded perhaps by a graduate of the Muslim
Spain medical schools; it
is certain that, as early as 1137, there were excellent physicians at
Montpellier. The statutes given in 1220 by Cardinal Conrad, legate of
Honorius III, which were completed in 1240 by Pierre de Conques,
placed this school under the direction of the Bishop of Maguelonne.
Pope Nicholas IV
Pope Nicholas IV issued a Bull in 1289, combining all the schools into
a university, which was placed under the direction of the bishop, but
which in fact enjoyed a large measure of autonomy.
Theology was at first taught in the convents, in which St. Anthony of
Padua, Raymond Lullus, and the Dominican Bernard de la Treille
lectured. Two letters of King John prove that a faculty of theology
Montpellier independently of the convents, in January 1350.
By a Bull of 17 December 1421, Martin V granted canonical institution
to this faculty and united it closely with the faculty of law. In the
16th century the faculty of theology disappeared for a time, when
Calvinism, in the reign of Henry II of France, held complete
possession of the city. It resumed its functions after
Louis XIII had
reestablished the royal power at
Montpellier in 1622; but the
rivalries of Dominicans and
Jesuits interfered seriously with the
prosperity of the faculty, which disappeared at the Revolution. The
faculty numbered among its illustrious pupils of law Petrarch, who
spent four years at Montpellier, and among its lecturers Guillaume de
Nogaret, chancellor to Philip the Fair, Guillaume de Grimoard,
afterwards pope under the name of Urban V, and Pedro de Luna, antipope
as Benedict XIII. But after the 15th century this faculty fell into
decay, as did also the faculty of arts, although for a time, under
Henry IV of France, the latter faculty had among its lecturers
Montpellier school of medicine owed its success to the ruling of
the Guilhems, lords of the town, by which any licensed physician might
lecture there; there was no fixed limit to the number of teachers,
lectures were multiplied, and there was a great wealth of teaching.
Rabelais took his medical degrees at Montpellier. It was in this
school that the biological theory of vitalism, elaborated by Barthez
(1734–1806), had its origin. The
French Revolution did not interrupt
the existence of the faculty of medicine.
The faculties of science and of letters were re-established in 1810;
that of law in 1880. It was on the occasion of the sixth centenary of
the university, celebrated in 1889, that the Government of France
announced its intention—which has since been realized—of
reorganizing the provincial universities in France.
Main article: University of Montpellier
University of Montpellier
University of Montpellier 1: medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, law,
Montpellier 2 University: sciences
Paul Valéry University,
Montpellier III: arts, languages and social
University of Montpellier
University of Montpellier 1 and
University of Montpellier
University of Montpellier 2 reunified
in January 2015 to form the University of Montpellier. Paul Valéry
University Montpellier, remains a separate entity
École Polytechnique Universitaire de
National Superior Architecture School of Montpellier(ENSAM)
École nationale de l'aviation civile
École pour l'informatique et les nouvelles technologies
Institut supérieur européen de formation par l'action
Montpellier SupAgro: agronomy
SUPINFO International University: private institution of higher
education in general Computer Science
Groupe Sup de Co
Montpellier Business School
SupExup Higher Education Institute
Main article: Transport in Montpellier
Line 1 of the tramway network, at the Corum stop.
Montpellier is served by railway, including
TGV highspeed trains.
Montpellier's main railway station is Saint-Roch. There are plans to
construct a high-speed railway linking
Montpellier with the
Montpellier tramway map
Montpellier – Méditerranée Airport
Montpellier – Méditerranée Airport is located in the area of
Fréjorgues, in the town of Mauguio, southeast of Montpellier.
Transports de l'agglomération de Montpellier
Transports de l'agglomération de Montpellier (TaM) manages the
city's public transportation, including its 56-kilometre (35 mi)
tramway network consisting of four lines and several parking
facilities. Line 1 runs from Mosson in the west to Odysseum in the
east. Line 2 runs from
Jacou in the northeast to St. Jean-de-Vedas in
the southwest. Line 3 and Line 4 opened in April 2012. Line 3, which
is 22.4-kilometre (13.9 mi) long, links
Juvignac and Perols with
a branch to Lattes and serves 32 stations. Line 4 circles the centre
and serves as a connector line between the various arms of tram
system. They intersect at Gare St.
Roch station, Rives du Lez and
The TaM also manages the large bike sharing scheme Vélomagg', started
in June 2007, comprising 1200 bicycles and 50 stations.
Montpellier was the finish of Stage 11 and the departure of Stage 12
in the 2007 Tour de France. It was also the finish of Stage 11 and the
departure of Stage 12 in the 2016 edition. The city is home to a
variety of professional sports teams:
Hérault Rugby, of the
Top 14 who play rugby union
formerly at the
Stade Sabathé and now at the Altrad Stadium. In the
2010/2011 season, the team made it to the
Top 14 Final against the
Montpellier HSC of
Ligue 1 who play association football at the Stade
de la Mosson. MHSC became French Champions on May 20, 2012.
Montpellier Red Devils
Montpellier Red Devils who play rugby league in Elite 1 division at
the Stade Sabathé
Montpellier Agglomération Handball
Montpellier Agglomération Handball are a team handball club playing
in the French National League.
Montpellier Vipers of France's Division 1 ice hockey Federation, play
at the Patinoire de l'Agglomération de
Montpellier at Odysseum
Montpellier Water Polo play in the National League and European Cup
Barracudas de Montpellier is a baseball club, and competes in Division
Élite, a French top level baseball league.
Montpellier was one of the hosts of the FIBA EuroBasket 2015.
The city is home to the Open Sud de
France tennis tournament since
2010, and will host the XXXI World Rhythmic Gymnastics Championship.
The main athletics stadium is the Philippidès Stadium, which is owned
by the University of Montpellier.
The city is a centre for cultural events as there are many students.
Montpellier has two large concert venues: Le Zenith Sud (7.000 seats)
and L'Arena (14.000 seats). Le Corum cultural and conference centre
contains three auditoriums.
The Festival de Radio
Montpellier is a summer festival of
opera and other music held in Montpellier. The festival concentrates
on classical music and jazz with about 150 events, including opera,
concerts, films, and talks. Most of these events are free and are held
in the historic courtyards of the city or in the modern concert halls
of Le Corum.
The annual Cinemed, the International Mediterranean Film Festival
Montpellier, held in the fall, is the second largest French film
festival after the Cannes Film Festival. Held since 1979, it offers
screenings of over 200 long and short films, documentaries, animated
films, trailers, and a special program of student films. Other
events include panel discussions, exhibitions, and gatherings. Venues
include Le Corum and cinema halls.
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See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France
Sign on the Esplanade Charles de Gaulle, showing Montpellier's sister
Twin towns – Sister cities
Montpellier is twinned with:
Louisville, United States, since 1955
Heidelberg, Germany, since 1961
Kos, Greece, since 1962
Spain since 1963
Chengdu, China, since 1981
Tiberias, Israel, since 1983
Morocco since 2003
Sherbrooke, Canada, since 2006
Tlemcen, Algeria, since 2009
Rio de Janeiro,
Brazil since 2011
Bethlehem, Palestine, since 2012
See also: Category:People from Montpellier
Montpellier was the birthplace of:
Abraham ben Isaac of Narbonne (c. 1110–1179), rabbi and author of
the halakhic work Ha-Eshkol
Roch (1295–1327), pilgrim to Rome, venerated as a saint by the
Roman Catholic Church
Pierre Magnol (1638–1715), botanist, founder of the concept of plant
Étienne-Hyacinthe de Ratte (1722–1805), mathematician and
Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès
Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès (1753–1824), lawyer and
statesman, author of the Code Napoléon
Guillaume Mathieu, comte Dumas
Guillaume Mathieu, comte Dumas (1753–1837), military leader
Cyrille Rigaud (1750–1824), poet
Louis-Sébastien Lenormand (1757–1837), chemist, physicist, inventor
and the first modern parachuting pioneer in the world
Auguste Comte (1798–1857), a founder of the discipline of sociology
Antoine Jérôme Balard
Antoine Jérôme Balard (1802–1876), chemist
Émile Saisset (1814–1863), philosopher
Charles Bernard Renouvier (1815–1903), philosopher
Édouard Albert Roche
Édouard Albert Roche (1820–1883), astronomer
Alfred Bruyas (1821–1876), art collector
Alexandre Cabanel (1823–1889), painter
Renaud de Vilbac (1829–1884), composer, organist
Frédéric Bazille (1841–1870), Impressionist painter
Henri-Charles Puech (1902–1986), historian of religion
Léo Malet (1909–1996), crime novelist
Jeanne Demessieux (1921–1968), organist, pianist, composer, and
Monique de Bissy, member of the Resistance during World War II
Jean-Luc Dehaene (1940–2014), Prime-Minister of Belgium
Didier Auriol (1958– ), rally driver, 1994 World Rally Champion
Rémi Gaillard (1975– ), famous French prankster
Sophie Divry (born 1979), writer, winner of the 2014 Prix Wepler
Suzanne Verdier (1745–1813), writer
Other famous inhabitants include:
Rabelais (1493–1553), student at the University of
Nostradamus (1503–1566), student at the University of Montpellier
Ioan Iacob Heraclid, ruler of
Moldavia from 1561 to 1563
Pierre-Joseph Amoreux (1741–1824), zoologist
Jean-Louis Michel (1785–1865), fencing master, who lived in
Montpellier from 1830 onwards
Agénor Azéma de Montgravier (1805–1863), deputy director of
l'Ecole d'Artillerie de Montpellier, died in
Montpellier in 1863
Gaston Darboux (1842–1917), mathematician
Josias Braun-Blanquet (1884–1980), botanist
Jean Moulin (1899–1943), famous French resistant during WWII,
studied and worked in Montpellier
Alexander Grothendieck (1928–2014), mathematician
Nikola Karabatić (1984– ), handball player
Paul Valéry (1871–1945), student at the University of Montpellier
Enver Hoxha (1908–1985), student at the University of Montpellier
Grégory Vignal (1981– ),
Birmingham City F.C.
Birmingham City F.C. full-back
Taha Hussein (1889–1973), student at the University of Montpellier
Michel Navratil (1908–2001), survivor of the sinking of the RMS
Guy Delisle (1966– ), Canadian-born cartoonist, animator and author
Adamantios Korais (1748–1833), Greek humanist scholar and a major
figure in the Greek Enlightenment, studied at the University of
Other locations named after Montpellier
"Montpellier" is used as the name of other towns and streets in as
many as four continents. Many places in England, Scotland, Wales
and Ireland carry the name Montpellier. Often they are in resort
locations claiming some of the healthy attributes for which the French
city was renowned in earlier centuries. The variant spelling
"Montpelier" is common, and is of quite early provenance. Brewer uses
that spelling. The first example was the early 19th-century suburb of
Montpelier in Brighton.
The capital of the American state of
Vermont was named Montpelier
because of the high regard in which the Americans held the French
who had aided their Revolutionary War against the British. Several
other American cities are also named Montpelier.
Places named Montpelliers/Montpeliers are also found in Australia,
Canada, South Africa, and the Caribbean.
Communes of the
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Montpellier
^  (in French)
^ Wells, John C. (2008), Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.),
Longman, ISBN 9781405881180
Montpellier Tourist Information and
Montpellier Information and Tourism. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
^ "Universities in
Montpellier and study in
International Student Regional Guide". Retrieved 29 January
^ "Données climatiques de la station de Montpellier" (in French).
Meteo France. Retrieved January 7, 2016.
^ "Climat Languedoc-Roussillon" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved
January 7, 2016.
^ "Normes et records 1961–1990:
Montpellier – Fréjorgues (34) –
altitude 3m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved January 7, 2016.
^ insee (2011-01-01). "Montpellier". insee.fr. Retrieved
^ "Railway Gazette: Southern LGV projects make progress". Retrieved 14
^ "Vivre > Transport > Tramway" [Living > Transport >
Tramway] (in French). Montpellier-agglomération. Retrieved
^ Midi Libre Archived 2009-06-13 at the Wayback Machine. (a major
daily newspaper in the South of France): "In 2008, 76,000 stations,
used 800,000 times, have been registered in Montpellier. A success,
and little vandalism compared to the
Velib in Paris." "Archived copy".
Archived from the original on June 13, 2009. Retrieved
2009-04-25. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
^ Tous à Vélo Archived 2015-09-12 at the Wayback Machine. AFP 19
October 2007: "Paris,
Montpellier receive the 'Bicycle
Trophy 2007' for their achievement in Bike Sharing programs".
^ http://www.rugby13montpellier.com Archived 2008-11-03 at the Wayback
Machine. Official website
^ Annual Cinemed posters since 1979
^ "Sister Cities of Louisville, Inc". Retrieved 5 June 2017.
^ "Stadt Heidelberg". City of
Heidelberg website. 5 June 2017.
^ a b c d e f g h "
Montpellier celebrates international dimension with
its 10 twin cities". The Provence Herald. 27 September 2012.
Barcelona internacional – Ciutats agermanades" (in Spanish). ©
2006–2009 Ajuntament de Barcelona. Archived from the original on 5
August 2009. Retrieved 13 July 2009. External link in
France3 and AFP (January 31, 2015). "Le dessinateur montpelliérain
Guy Delisle va passer du cocon familial à la Tchétchénie". France3.
Retrieved May 14, 2015.
^ "All the Montpelliers". 2005. [unreliable source?]
^ "Montpelier & Clifton Hill Conservation Area Character
Brighton & Hove City Council (Design &
Conservation Department). 20 October 2005. p. 1. Archived (PDF)
from the original on 31 July 2013. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
^ Swift, Esther Munroe (1977).
Vermont Place Names: Footprints of
History. Houghton Mifflin. pp. 451–454.
Lewis, Archibald (1971). The Guillems of Montpellier: A Sociological
See also: Bibliography of the history of Montpellier
"Montpellier", A handbook for travellers in France, London: John
France (3rd ed.). Leipsic: Karl Baedeker.
"Montpellier", The Encyclopaedia Britannica (11th ed.), New York:
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1910, OCLC 14782424
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Montpellier.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Montpellier.
Destinations from Montpellier
Bordeaux 484 km (301 mi)
Paris 748 km (465 mi)
Lyon 304 km (189 mi)
Toulouse 242 km (150 mi)
Nice 326 km (203 mi)
Barcelona 346 km (215 mi)
Mediterranean sea 10 km (6 mi)
Marseille 170 km (106 mi)
Communes of the
Hérault department of
Prefectures of departments of France
La Rochelle (Charente-Maritime)
Le Puy-en-Velay (Haute-Loire)
Le Mans (Sarthe)
La Roche-sur-Yon (Vendée)
Belfort (Territoire de Belfort)
Cayenne (French Guiana)
ISNI: 0000 0001 2243 385X