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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Montpellier
Montpellier
(pronounced [mɔ̃pəlje, -pɛ-] ( listen);[1][2] Occitan: Montpelhièr [mumpeˈʎɛ]) is a city in southern France. It is the capital of the Hérault department. Montpellier
Montpellier
is the 7th-largest city of France, and is also the fastest-growing city in the country over the past 25 years. In 2014, 589,610 people live in the urban area and 275,318 in the city itself. Nearly one third of the population are students from three universities and from three higher education institutions that are outside the university framework in the city.[3][4] Located near the south coast of France
France
on the Mediterranean Sea, it is the third-largest French city on the Mediterranean coast after Marseille and Nice.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Medieval period 1.2 After the Reformation 1.3 Modern history 1.4 Lords of Montpellier

2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Neighbourhoods 4 Population 5 Heraldry 6 Sights 7 Education

7.1 History 7.2 Universities 7.3 Grandes Ecoles

8 Transport 9 Sport 10 Culture 11 International relations

11.1 Twin towns – Sister cities

12 Notable people 13 Other locations named after Montpellier 14 See also 15 References 16 Further reading 17 External links

History[edit]

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See also: Timeline of Montpellier

Montpellier
Montpellier
in the 16th century

Montpellier
Montpellier
is one of the few large cities in France
France
without any Roman heritage and also one of the few cities in southern France
France
without a Greek foundation. Medieval period[edit] In the Early Middle Ages, the nearby episcopal town of Maguelone
Maguelone
was the major settlement in the area, but raids by pirates encouraged settlement a little further inland. Montpellier, first mentioned in a document of 985, was founded under a local feudal dynasty, the Guilhem, who combined two hamlets and built a castle and walls around the united settlement. The two surviving towers of the city walls, the Tour des Pins and the Tour de la Babotte, were built later, around the year 1200. Montpellier
Montpellier
came to prominence in the 12th century—as a trading centre, with trading links across the Mediterranean world, and a rich Jewish cultural life that flourished within traditions of tolerance of Muslims, Jews and Cathars—and later of its Protestants. William VIII of Montpellier
William VIII of Montpellier
gave freedom for all to teach medicine in Montpellier
Montpellier
in 1180. The city's faculties of law and medicine were established in 1220 by Cardinal Conrad of Urach, legate of Pope Honorius III; the medicine faculty has, over the centuries, been one of the major centres for the teaching of medicine in Europe. This era marked the high point of Montpellier's prominence. The city became a possession of the Kings of Aragon
Kings of Aragon
in 1204 by the marriage of Peter II of Aragon with Marie of Montpellier, who was given the city and its dependencies as part of her dowry. Montpellier
Montpellier
gained a charter in 1204 when Peter and Marie confirmed the city's traditional freedoms and granted the city the right to choose twelve governing consuls annually. Under the Kings of Aragon, Montpellier
Montpellier
became a very important city, a major economic centre and the primary centre for the spice trade in the Kingdom of France. It was the second or third most important city of France
France
at that time, with some 40,000 inhabitants before the Black Death. Montpellier
Montpellier
remained a possession of the crown of Aragon until it passed to James III of Majorca, who sold the city to the French king Philip VI in 1349, to raise funds for his ongoing struggle with Peter IV of Aragon. In the 14th century, Pope Urban VIII gave Montpellier
Montpellier
a new monastery dedicated to Saint Peter, noteworthy for the very unusual porch of its chapel, supported by two high, somewhat rocket-like towers. With its importance steadily increasing, the city finally gained a bishop, who moved from Maguelone
Maguelone
in 1536, and the huge monastery chapel became a cathedral. In 1432, Jacques Cœur established himself in the city and it became an important economic centre, until 1481 when Marseille
Marseille
overshadowed it in this role. After the Reformation[edit] At the time of the Reformation in the 16th century, many of the inhabitants of Montpellier
Montpellier
became Protestants (or Huguenots
Huguenots
as they were known in France) and the city became a stronghold of Protestant resistance to the Catholic French crown. In 1622, King Louis XIII besieged the city which surrendered after a two months siege (Siege of Montpellier), afterwards building the Citadel of Montpellier
Citadel of Montpellier
to secure it. Louis XIV made Montpellier
Montpellier
capital of Bas Languedoc, and the town started to embellish itself, by building the Promenade du Peyrou, the Esplanade and a large number of houses in the historic centre. After the French Revolution, the city became the capital of the much smaller Hérault. Modern history[edit]

Rue Foch with its typical 19th-century architecture.

During the 19th century the city developed into an industrial centre. In the 1960s, its population grew dramatically after French settlers in Algeria
Algeria
were resettled in the city following Algeria's independence from France. In the 1980s and 1990s, the city drew attention with a number of major redevelopment projects, such as the Corum and especially the Antigone District. Lords of Montpellier[edit] Main article: Lords of Montpellier

William I of Montpellier (died 1019) William II of Montpellier (died 1025) William III of Montpellier (died 1058) William IV of Montpellier (died 1068) William V of Montpellier (died 1121) William VI of Montpellier
William VI of Montpellier
(died 1149) William VII of Montpellier (died 1179) William VIII of Montpellier
William VIII of Montpellier
(died 1202) Marie of Montpellier
Marie of Montpellier
(died 1213)

and King Peter II of Aragon
Peter II of Aragon
(died 1213)

James I of Aragon
James I of Aragon
(died 1276) James II of Majorca
James II of Majorca
(died 1311) James III of Majorca (died 1349)

Geography[edit]

Montpellier
Montpellier
seen from Spot satellite

The city is situated on hilly ground 10 km (6 mi) inland from the Mediterranean coast on the River Lez. The name of the city, which was originally Monspessulanus, is said to have stood for mont pelé (the naked hill, because the vegetation was poor), or le mont de la colline (the mount of the hill) Montpellier
Montpellier
is located 170 km (106 mi) from Marseille, 242 km (150 mi) from Toulouse, and 748 km (465 mi) from Paris, the capital of France. Montpellier's highest point is the Place du Peyrou, at an altitude of 57 m (187 ft). The city is built on two hills, Montpellier and Montpelliéret, thus some of its streets have great differences of altitude. Some of its streets are also very narrow and old, which gives it a more intimate feel. Climate[edit] Montpellier
Montpellier
has a Mediterranean climate
Mediterranean climate
(Köppen Csa), with mild, damp winters, and hot, rather dry summers. The monthly mean ranges from 7.1 °C (44.8 °F) in January to 23.4 °C (74.1 °F) in July. Precipitation
Precipitation
is around 660 millimetres (26.0 in), and is greatest in fall and winter, but not absent in summer, either. Extreme temperatures have ranged from −17.8 °C (−0.04 °F) recorded on February 5, 1963 and up to 37.5 °C (99.5 °F) on July 17, 1990.

Climate data for Montpellier
Montpellier
(1981–2010 averages)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 21.2 (70.2) 22.5 (72.5) 27.4 (81.3) 30.4 (86.7) 35.1 (95.2) 37.2 (99) 37.5 (99.5) 36.8 (98.2) 36.3 (97.3) 31.8 (89.2) 27.1 (80.8) 22.0 (71.6) 37.5 (99.5)

Average high °C (°F) 11.6 (52.9) 12.8 (55) 15.9 (60.6) 18.2 (64.8) 22.0 (71.6) 26.4 (79.5) 29.3 (84.7) 28.9 (84) 25.0 (77) 20.5 (68.9) 15.3 (59.5) 12.2 (54) 19.9 (67.8)

Daily mean °C (°F) 7.2 (45) 8.1 (46.6) 10.9 (51.6) 13.5 (56.3) 17.3 (63.1) 21.2 (70.2) 24.1 (75.4) 23.7 (74.7) 20.0 (68) 16.2 (61.2) 11.1 (52) 8.0 (46.4) 15.1 (59.2)

Average low °C (°F) 2.8 (37) 3.3 (37.9) 5.9 (42.6) 8.7 (47.7) 12.5 (54.5) 16.0 (60.8) 18.9 (66) 18.5 (65.3) 15.0 (59) 11.9 (53.4) 6.8 (44.2) 3.7 (38.7) 10.4 (50.7)

Record low °C (°F) −15 (5) −17.8 (0) −9.6 (14.7) −1.7 (28.9) 0.6 (33.1) 5.4 (41.7) 8.4 (47.1) 8.2 (46.8) 3.8 (38.8) −0.7 (30.7) −5 (23) −12.4 (9.7) −17.8 (0)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 55.6 (2.189) 51.8 (2.039) 34.3 (1.35) 55.5 (2.185) 42.7 (1.681) 27.8 (1.094) 16.4 (0.646) 34.4 (1.354) 80.3 (3.161) 96.8 (3.811) 66.8 (2.63) 66.7 (2.626) 629.1 (24.768)

Average precipitation days 5.5 4.4 4.7 5.7 4.9 3.6 2.4 3.6 4.6 6.8 6.1 5.6 57.8

Average snowy days 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.7 2.4

Average relative humidity (%) 75 73 68 68 70 66 63 66 72 77 75 76 70.8

Mean monthly sunshine hours 142.9 168.1 220.9 227.0 263.9 312.4 339.7 298.0 241.5 168.6 148.8 136.5 2,668.2

Source #1: Météo France[5][6]

Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990)[7]

Neighbourhoods[edit]

Celleneuve

Since 2001, Montpellier
Montpellier
has been divided into seven official neighbourhoods, themselves divided into sub-neighbourhoods. Each of them possesses a neighbourhood council.

Montpellier-centre : historical centre (Écusson), Comédie, Gares, Faubourg Boutonnet, Saint-Charles, Faubourg Saint-Jaume, Peyrou, Les Arceaux, Figuerolles, Faubourg du Courreau, Gambetta, Clémenceau, Méditerranée, boulevard de Strasbourg, Le Triangle, Polygone, Antigone, Nouveau-Monde, Parc à Ballons, Les Aubes, Les Beaux-Arts, Saint-Lazare. Croix-d'Argent : avenue de Toulouse, Croix d'Argent, Mas Drevon, Tastavin, Lemasson, Garosud, Mas de Bagnères, Mas Nouguier, les Sabines, Lepic, Pas du Loup, Estanove, les Bouisses, Val-de-Crozes, Bagatelle. Les Cévennes : Les Cévennes, Alco, Le Petit Bard, Pergola, Saint-Clément, Clémentville, Las Rebès, La Chamberte, La Martelle, Montpellier-Village, Les Grisettes, Les Grèzes. Mosson : La Mosson, Celleneuve, La Paillade, les Hauts-de-Massane, Le Grand-Mail, Les Tritons. Hôpitaux-Facultés : Malbosc, Saint-Priest, Euromédecine, Zolad, Plan des 4 Seigneurs, Hôpitaux, IUT, Père Soulas, Universités, Vert-Bois, Hauts de Boutonnet, Aiguelongue, Justice, Parc zoologique de Lunaret, Agropolis. Port-Marianne : La Pompignane, Richter, Millénaire, Jacques Cœur, Consuls de Mer, Grammont, Odysseum, Montaubérou, La Méjanelle, Cambacérès. Prés d'Arènes : Les Prés d'Arènes, Avenue de Palavas, La Rauze, Tournezy, Saint-Martin, Les Aiguerelles, Pont-Trinquat, Cité Mion.

Population[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1789 29,500 —    

1806 33,264 +12.8%

1820 35,123 +5.6%

1876 55,258 +57.3%

1901 75,950 +37.4%

1911 80,230 +5.6%

1921 81,548 +1.6%

1936 90,787 +11.3%

1946 93,102 +2.5%

1954 97,501 +4.7%

1962 118,864 +21.9%

1968 161,910 +36.2%

1975 191,354 +18.2%

1982 197,231 +3.1%

1990 207,996 +5.5%

1999 225,392 +8.4%

2010 257,351 +14.2%

The whole metropolitan area had a population of 510,400 in 2006. In 2011, the estimated population of the metropolitan area was 561,326.[8] For most of its history, and even today, Montpellier
Montpellier
is known for its significant Spanish population, heritage and influence. Montpellier also houses important Moroccan, Algerian, and Italian communities. Heraldry[edit]

The arms of Montpellier
Montpellier
are blazoned: Azure, a madonna proper, vested gules and azure, sitting on an antique throne Or, holding a Baby Jesus proper vested azure, in chief the uncial letters A and M, and in base on an inescutcheon argent a torteau (gules). The virgin is "Notre Dame des Tables", named for the money changing tables at the Basilica of Notre-Dame des Tables. The A and M are for "Ave Maria". The inescutcheon is the arms of the Lords of Montpellier (Guilhem).

Sights[edit]

Place de la Comédie.

Porte du Peyrou.

Tour de la Babote.

Saint Clément Aqueduct.

Saint Pierre Cathedral

Fabre Museum in Montpellier

The main focus point of the city is the Place de la Comédie, with the Opera Comédie built in 1888. The Musée Fabre. In the historic centre, a significant number of hôtels particuliers can be found. The majority of the buildings of the historic centre of Montpellier
Montpellier
(called the Écusson because its shape is roughly that of an escutcheon) have medieval roots and were modified between the 16th and the 18th centuries. Some buildings, along Rue Foch and the Place de la Comédie, were built in the 19th century. The Rue du Bras de Fer (Iron Arm Street) is very typical of the medieval Montpellier. The mikve, ritual Jewish bath, dates back to the 12th century and is one of very few in Europe. The Jardin des plantes de Montpellier—oldest botanical garden in France, founded in 1593 The La Serre Amazonienne, a tropical rain forest greenhouse The 14th-century Saint Pierre Cathedral The Porte du Peyrou, a triumphal arch built at the end of the 17th century, and the Place Royal du Peyrou built in the 17th century, are the highest point of the Ecusson. The Tour des Pins, the only remaining of 25 towers of the city medieval walls, built around 1200. The Tour de la Babotte, a medieval tower which was modified in the 18th century to welcome an observatory. The Saint Clément Aqueduct, built in the 18th century. The Antigone District
Antigone District
and other housing projects have been designed by the architect Ricardo Bofill
Ricardo Bofill
from Catalonia, Spain A number of châteaux, so-called follies, built by wealthy merchants surround the city Nearly 80 private mansions were built in the city from the 17th to 19th century, and some of their interior courtyards are open

Education[edit] History[edit] The University of Montpellier
University of Montpellier
is one of the oldest in the world, founded in 1160, and having been granted a charter in 1220 by Cardinal Conrad von Urach and confirmed by Pope Nicholas IV
Pope Nicholas IV
in a papal bull of 1289. It was suppressed during the French Revolution
French Revolution
but was re-established in 1896. It is not known exactly at what date the schools of literature were founded which developed into the Montpellier
Montpellier
faculty of arts; it may be that they were a direct continuation of the Gallo-Roman schools. The school of law was founded by Placentinus, a doctor from Bologna university, who came to Montpellier
Montpellier
in 1160, taught there during two different periods, and died there in 1192. The school of medicine was founded perhaps by a graduate of the Muslim Spain
Spain
medical schools; it is certain that, as early as 1137, there were excellent physicians at Montpellier. The statutes given in 1220 by Cardinal Conrad, legate of Honorius III, which were completed in 1240 by Pierre de Conques, placed this school under the direction of the Bishop of Maguelonne. Pope Nicholas IV
Pope Nicholas IV
issued a Bull in 1289, combining all the schools into a university, which was placed under the direction of the bishop, but which in fact enjoyed a large measure of autonomy. Theology was at first taught in the convents, in which St. Anthony of Padua, Raymond Lullus, and the Dominican Bernard de la Treille lectured. Two letters of King John prove that a faculty of theology existed at Montpellier
Montpellier
independently of the convents, in January 1350. By a Bull of 17 December 1421, Martin V granted canonical institution to this faculty and united it closely with the faculty of law. In the 16th century the faculty of theology disappeared for a time, when Calvinism, in the reign of Henry II of France, held complete possession of the city. It resumed its functions after Louis XIII
Louis XIII
had reestablished the royal power at Montpellier
Montpellier
in 1622; but the rivalries of Dominicans and Jesuits
Jesuits
interfered seriously with the prosperity of the faculty, which disappeared at the Revolution. The faculty numbered among its illustrious pupils of law Petrarch, who spent four years at Montpellier, and among its lecturers Guillaume de Nogaret, chancellor to Philip the Fair, Guillaume de Grimoard, afterwards pope under the name of Urban V, and Pedro de Luna, antipope as Benedict XIII. But after the 15th century this faculty fell into decay, as did also the faculty of arts, although for a time, under Henry IV of France, the latter faculty had among its lecturers Casaubon. The Montpellier
Montpellier
school of medicine owed its success to the ruling of the Guilhems, lords of the town, by which any licensed physician might lecture there; there was no fixed limit to the number of teachers, lectures were multiplied, and there was a great wealth of teaching. Rabelais
Rabelais
took his medical degrees at Montpellier. It was in this school that the biological theory of vitalism, elaborated by Barthez (1734–1806), had its origin. The French Revolution
French Revolution
did not interrupt the existence of the faculty of medicine. The faculties of science and of letters were re-established in 1810; that of law in 1880. It was on the occasion of the sixth centenary of the university, celebrated in 1889, that the Government of France announced its intention—which has since been realized—of reorganizing the provincial universities in France. Universities[edit] Main article: University of Montpellier

University of Montpellier
University of Montpellier
1: medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, law, business, sports Montpellier
Montpellier
2 University: sciences Paul Valéry
Paul Valéry
University, Montpellier
Montpellier
III: arts, languages and social sciences

University of Montpellier
University of Montpellier
1 and University of Montpellier
University of Montpellier
2 reunified in January 2015 to form the University of Montpellier. Paul Valéry University Montpellier, remains a separate entity[9] Grandes Ecoles[edit]

Science

E-Artsup École Polytechnique Universitaire de Montpellier
Montpellier
(Polytech) National Superior Architecture School of Montpellier(ENSAM) École nationale de l'aviation civile ENSCM: chemistry École pour l'informatique et les nouvelles technologies Institut supérieur européen de formation par l'action Montpellier
Montpellier
SupAgro: agronomy SUPINFO
SUPINFO
International University: private institution of higher education in general Computer Science

Business

Groupe Sup de Co Montpellier
Montpellier
Business School SupExup Higher Education Institute

Transport[edit] Main article: Transport in Montpellier

Line 1 of the tramway network, at the Corum stop.

Montpellier
Montpellier
is served by railway, including TGV
TGV
highspeed trains. Montpellier's main railway station is Saint-Roch. There are plans to construct a high-speed railway linking Nîmes
Nîmes
and Montpellier
Montpellier
with the LGV Méditerranée.[10]

Montpellier
Montpellier
tramway map

The Montpellier – Méditerranée Airport
Montpellier – Méditerranée Airport
is located in the area of Fréjorgues, in the town of Mauguio, southeast of Montpellier. The Transports de l'agglomération de Montpellier
Transports de l'agglomération de Montpellier
(TaM) manages the city's public transportation, including its 56-kilometre (35 mi) tramway network consisting of four lines and several parking facilities.[11] Line 1 runs from Mosson in the west to Odysseum in the east. Line 2 runs from Jacou
Jacou
in the northeast to St. Jean-de-Vedas in the southwest. Line 3 and Line 4 opened in April 2012. Line 3, which is 22.4-kilometre (13.9 mi) long, links Juvignac
Juvignac
and Perols with a branch to Lattes and serves 32 stations. Line 4 circles the centre and serves as a connector line between the various arms of tram system. They intersect at Gare St. Roch
Roch
station, Rives du Lez and Corum. The TaM also manages the large bike sharing scheme Vélomagg', started in June 2007, comprising 1200 bicycles and 50 stations.[12][13] Sport[edit] Montpellier
Montpellier
was the finish of Stage 11 and the departure of Stage 12 in the 2007 Tour de France. It was also the finish of Stage 11 and the departure of Stage 12 in the 2016 edition. The city is home to a variety of professional sports teams:

Montpellier
Montpellier
Hérault
Hérault
Rugby, of the Top 14
Top 14
who play rugby union formerly at the Stade Sabathé
Stade Sabathé
and now at the Altrad Stadium. In the 2010/2011 season, the team made it to the Top 14
Top 14
Final against the Stade Toulousain. Montpellier HSC
Montpellier HSC
of Ligue 1
Ligue 1
who play association football at the Stade de la Mosson. MHSC became French Champions on May 20, 2012. Montpellier Red Devils
Montpellier Red Devils
who play rugby league in Elite 1 division at the Stade Sabathé[14] Montpellier Agglomération Handball
Montpellier Agglomération Handball
are a team handball club playing in the French National League. Montpellier
Montpellier
Vipers of France's Division 1 ice hockey Federation, play at the Patinoire de l'Agglomération de Montpellier
Montpellier
at Odysseum Montpellier
Montpellier
Water Polo play in the National League and European Cup competitions. Barracudas de Montpellier is a baseball club, and competes in Division Élite, a French top level baseball league.

Montpellier
Montpellier
was one of the hosts of the FIBA EuroBasket 2015. The city is home to the Open Sud de France
France
tennis tournament since 2010, and will host the XXXI World Rhythmic Gymnastics Championship. The main athletics stadium is the Philippidès Stadium, which is owned by the University of Montpellier. Culture[edit] The city is a centre for cultural events as there are many students. Montpellier
Montpellier
has two large concert venues: Le Zenith Sud (7.000 seats) and L'Arena (14.000 seats). Le Corum cultural and conference centre contains three auditoriums.

The Festival de Radio France
France
et Montpellier
Montpellier
is a summer festival of opera and other music held in Montpellier. The festival concentrates on classical music and jazz with about 150 events, including opera, concerts, films, and talks. Most of these events are free and are held in the historic courtyards of the city or in the modern concert halls of Le Corum. The annual Cinemed, the International Mediterranean Film Festival Montpellier, held in the fall, is the second largest French film festival after the Cannes Film Festival. Held since 1979, it offers screenings of over 200 long and short films, documentaries, animated films, trailers, and a special program of student films.[15] Other events include panel discussions, exhibitions, and gatherings. Venues include Le Corum and cinema halls.

International relations[edit]

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See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France

Sign on the Esplanade Charles de Gaulle, showing Montpellier's sister cities

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit] Montpellier
Montpellier
is twinned with:

Louisville, United States, since 1955[16] Heidelberg, Germany, since 1961[17] Kos, Greece, since 1962[18] Barcelona, Spain
Spain
since 1963[19] Chengdu, China, since 1981[18] Tiberias, Israel, since 1983[18] Fes, Morocco
Morocco
since 2003[18] Sherbrooke, Canada, since 2006[18] Tlemcen, Algeria, since 2009[18] Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Brazil
since 2011[18] Bethlehem, Palestine, since 2012[18]

Notable people[edit] See also: Category:People from Montpellier Montpellier
Montpellier
was the birthplace of:

Abraham ben Isaac of Narbonne (c. 1110–1179), rabbi and author of the halakhic work Ha-Eshkol Saint Roch
Roch
(1295–1327), pilgrim to Rome, venerated as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church Pierre Magnol (1638–1715), botanist, founder of the concept of plant families Étienne-Hyacinthe de Ratte (1722–1805), mathematician and astronomer Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès
Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès
(1753–1824), lawyer and statesman, author of the Code Napoléon Guillaume Mathieu, comte Dumas
Guillaume Mathieu, comte Dumas
(1753–1837), military leader Cyrille Rigaud (1750–1824), poet Louis-Sébastien Lenormand
Louis-Sébastien Lenormand
(1757–1837), chemist, physicist, inventor and the first modern parachuting pioneer in the world Auguste Comte
Auguste Comte
(1798–1857), a founder of the discipline of sociology Antoine Jérôme Balard
Antoine Jérôme Balard
(1802–1876), chemist Émile Saisset (1814–1863), philosopher Charles Bernard Renouvier (1815–1903), philosopher Édouard Albert Roche
Édouard Albert Roche
(1820–1883), astronomer Alfred Bruyas
Alfred Bruyas
(1821–1876), art collector Alexandre Cabanel
Alexandre Cabanel
(1823–1889), painter Renaud de Vilbac (1829–1884), composer, organist Frédéric Bazille
Frédéric Bazille
(1841–1870), Impressionist painter Henri-Charles Puech (1902–1986), historian of religion Léo Malet (1909–1996), crime novelist Jeanne Demessieux
Jeanne Demessieux
(1921–1968), organist, pianist, composer, and pedagogue Monique de Bissy, member of the Resistance during World War II (1923–2009) Jean-Luc Dehaene
Jean-Luc Dehaene
(1940–2014), Prime-Minister of Belgium Didier Auriol
Didier Auriol
(1958– ), rally driver, 1994 World Rally Champion Rémi Gaillard
Rémi Gaillard
(1975– ), famous French prankster Sophie Divry (born 1979), writer, winner of the 2014 Prix Wepler Suzanne Verdier (1745–1813), writer

Other famous inhabitants include:

François Rabelais
Rabelais
(1493–1553), student at the University of Montpellier Nostradamus
Nostradamus
(1503–1566), student at the University of Montpellier Ioan Iacob Heraclid, ruler of Moldavia
Moldavia
from 1561 to 1563 Pierre-Joseph Amoreux (1741–1824), zoologist Jean-Louis Michel (1785–1865), fencing master, who lived in Montpellier
Montpellier
from 1830 onwards Agénor Azéma de Montgravier (1805–1863), deputy director of l'Ecole d'Artillerie de Montpellier, died in Montpellier
Montpellier
in 1863 Gaston Darboux
Gaston Darboux
(1842–1917), mathematician Josias Braun-Blanquet (1884–1980), botanist Jean Moulin
Jean Moulin
(1899–1943), famous French resistant during WWII, studied and worked in Montpellier Alexander Grothendieck
Alexander Grothendieck
(1928–2014), mathematician Nikola Karabatić
Nikola Karabatić
(1984– ), handball player Paul Valéry
Paul Valéry
(1871–1945), student at the University of Montpellier Enver Hoxha
Enver Hoxha
(1908–1985), student at the University of Montpellier Grégory Vignal
Grégory Vignal
(1981– ), Birmingham City F.C.
Birmingham City F.C.
full-back Taha Hussein
Taha Hussein
(1889–1973), student at the University of Montpellier Michel Navratil (1908–2001), survivor of the sinking of the RMS Titanic Guy Delisle
Guy Delisle
(1966– ), Canadian-born cartoonist, animator and author [20] Adamantios Korais
Adamantios Korais
(1748–1833), Greek humanist scholar and a major figure in the Greek Enlightenment, studied at the University of Montpellier

Other locations named after Montpellier[edit] "Montpellier" is used as the name of other towns and streets in as many as four continents.[21] Many places in England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland carry the name Montpellier. Often they are in resort locations claiming some of the healthy attributes for which the French city was renowned in earlier centuries. The variant spelling "Montpelier" is common, and is of quite early provenance. Brewer uses that spelling. The first example was the early 19th-century suburb of Montpelier in Brighton.[22] The capital of the American state of Vermont
Vermont
was named Montpelier because of the high regard in which the Americans held the French[23] who had aided their Revolutionary War against the British. Several other American cities are also named Montpelier. Places named Montpelliers/Montpeliers are also found in Australia, Canada, South Africa, and the Caribbean. See also[edit]

Communes of the Hérault
Hérault
department Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Montpellier

References[edit]

^ [1] (in French) ^ Wells, John C. (2008), Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.), Longman, ISBN 9781405881180  ^ " Montpellier
Montpellier
Tourist Information and Montpellier
Montpellier
Tourism". Montpellier
Montpellier
Information and Tourism. Retrieved 5 June 2010.  ^ "Universities in Montpellier
Montpellier
and study in Montpellier
Montpellier
– International Student Regional Guide". Retrieved 29 January 2015.  ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Montpellier" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 7, 2016.  ^ "Climat Languedoc-Roussillon" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 7, 2016.  ^ "Normes et records 1961–1990: Montpellier
Montpellier
– Fréjorgues (34) – altitude 3m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved January 7, 2016.  ^ insee (2011-01-01). "Montpellier". insee.fr. Retrieved 2015-01-01.  ^ http://www.lamarseillaise.fr/herault/education/34545-l-universite-de-montpellier-a-l-epreuve-de-la-fusion ^ "Railway Gazette: Southern LGV projects make progress". Retrieved 14 February 2011.  ^ "Vivre > Transport > Tramway" [Living > Transport > Tramway] (in French). Montpellier-agglomération. Retrieved 2014-12-26.  ^ Midi Libre Archived 2009-06-13 at the Wayback Machine. (a major daily newspaper in the South of France): "In 2008, 76,000 stations, used 800,000 times, have been registered in Montpellier. A success, and little vandalism compared to the Velib
Velib
in Paris." "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 13, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-25. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ Tous à Vélo Archived 2015-09-12 at the Wayback Machine. AFP 19 October 2007: "Paris, Orléans
Orléans
and Montpellier
Montpellier
receive the 'Bicycle Trophy 2007' for their achievement in Bike Sharing programs". ^ http://www.rugby13montpellier.com Archived 2008-11-03 at the Wayback Machine. Official website ^ Annual Cinemed posters since 1979 ^ "Sister Cities of Louisville, Inc". Retrieved 5 June 2017.  ^ "Stadt Heidelberg". City of Heidelberg
Heidelberg
website. 5 June 2017.  ^ a b c d e f g h " Montpellier
Montpellier
celebrates international dimension with its 10 twin cities". The Provence Herald. 27 September 2012.  ^ " Barcelona
Barcelona
internacional – Ciutats agermanades" (in Spanish). © 2006–2009 Ajuntament de Barcelona. Archived from the original on 5 August 2009. Retrieved 13 July 2009.  External link in publisher= (help) ^ France3
France3
and AFP (January 31, 2015). "Le dessinateur montpelliérain Guy Delisle
Guy Delisle
va passer du cocon familial à la Tchétchénie". France3. Retrieved May 14, 2015.  ^ "All the Montpelliers". 2005. [unreliable source?] ^ "Montpelier & Clifton Hill Conservation Area Character Statement" (PDF). Brighton
Brighton
& Hove City Council (Design & Conservation Department). 20 October 2005. p. 1. Archived (PDF) from the original on 31 July 2013. Retrieved 31 July 2013.  ^ Swift, Esther Munroe (1977). Vermont
Vermont
Place Names: Footprints of History. Houghton Mifflin. pp. 451–454. ISBN 0-8289-0291-7. 

INSEE Lewis, Archibald (1971). The Guillems of Montpellier: A Sociological Appraisal. 

Further reading[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Montpellier

"Montpellier", A handbook for travellers in France, London: John Murray, 1861  "Montpellier". South-eastern France
France
(3rd ed.). Leipsic: Karl Baedeker. 1898.  "Montpellier", The Encyclopaedia Britannica (11th ed.), New York: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1910, OCLC 14782424 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Montpellier.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Montpellier.

Official website

Destinations from Montpellier

Bordeaux
Bordeaux
484 km (301 mi) Paris
Paris
748 km (465 mi) Lyon
Lyon
304 km (189 mi)

Toulouse
Toulouse
242 km (150 mi)

Montpellier

Nice
Nice
326 km (203 mi)

Barcelona
Barcelona
346 km (215 mi) Mediterranean sea
Mediterranean sea
10 km (6 mi) Marseille
Marseille
170 km (106 mi)

v t e

Communes of the Hérault
Hérault
department of France
France

Abeilhan Adissan Agde Agel Agonès Aigne Aigues-Vives Les Aires Alignan-du-Vent Aniane Arboras Argelliers Aspiran Assas Assignan Aumelas Aumes Autignac Avène Azillanet Babeau-Bouldoux Baillargues Balaruc-les-Bains Balaruc-le-Vieux Bassan Beaufort Beaulieu Bédarieux Bélarga Berlou Bessan Béziers Boisseron Boisset La Boissière Le Bosc Boujan-sur-Libron Le Bousquet-d'Orb Bouzigues Brenas Brignac Brissac Buzignargues Cabrerolles Cabrières Cambon-et-Salvergues Campagnan Campagne Camplong Candillargues Canet Capestang Carlencas-et-Levas Cassagnoles Castanet-le-Haut Castelnau-de-Guers Castelnau-le-Lez Castries La Caunette Causse-de-la-Selle Causses-et-Veyran Caussiniojouls Caux Le Caylar Cazedarnes Cazevieille Cazilhac Cazouls-d'Hérault Cazouls-lès-Béziers Cébazan Ceilhes-et-Rocozels Celles Cers Cessenon-sur-Orb Cesseras Ceyras Clapiers Claret Clermont-l'Hérault Colombières-sur-Orb Colombiers Combaillaux Combes Corneilhan Coulobres Courniou Cournonsec Cournonterral Creissan Le Crès Le Cros Cruzy Dio-et-Valquières Espondeilhan Fabrègues Faugères Félines-Minervois Ferrals-les-Montagnes Ferrières-les-Verreries Ferrières-Poussarou Florensac Fontanès Fontès Fos Fouzilhon Fozières Fraisse-sur-Agout Frontignan Gabian Galargues Ganges Garrigues Gigean Gignac Gorniès Grabels Graissessac La Grande-Motte Guzargues Hérépian Jacou Joncels Jonquières Juvignac Lacoste Lagamas Lamalou-les-Bains Lansargues Laroque Lattes Laurens Lauret Lauroux Lavalette Lavérune Lespignan Lézignan-la-Cèbe Liausson Lieuran-Cabrières Lieuran-lès-Béziers Lignan-sur-Orb La Livinière Lodève Loupian Lunas Lunel Lunel-Viel Magalas Maraussan Margon Marseillan Marsillargues Mas-de-Londres Les Matelles Mauguio Maureilhan Mérifons Mèze Minerve Mireval Mons Montady Montagnac Montarnaud Montaud Montbazin Montblanc Montels Montesquieu Montferrier-sur-Lez Montouliers Montoulieu Montpellier Montpeyroux Moulès-et-Baucels Mourèze Mudaison Murles Murviel-lès-Béziers Murviel-lès-Montpellier Nébian Neffiès Nézignan-l'Évêque Nissan-lez-Enserune Nizas Notre-Dame-de-Londres Octon Olargues Olmet-et-Villecun Olonzac Oupia Pailhès Palavas-les-Flots Pardailhan Paulhan Pégairolles-de-Buèges Pégairolles-de-l'Escalette Péret Pérols Pézenas Pézènes-les-Mines Pierrerue Pignan Pinet Plaissan Les Plans Poilhes Pomérols Popian Portiragnes Le Pouget Poujols Le Poujol-sur-Orb Poussan Pouzolles Pouzols Le Pradal Prades-le-Lez Prades-sur-Vernazobre Prémian Le Puech Puéchabon Puilacher Puimisson Puissalicon Puisserguier Quarante Restinclières Rieussec Riols Les Rives Romiguières Roquebrun Roqueredonde Roquessels Rosis Rouet Roujan Saint-André-de-Buèges Saint-André-de-Sangonis Saint-Aunès Saint-Bauzille-de-la-Sylve Saint-Bauzille-de-Montmel Saint-Bauzille-de-Putois Saint-Brès Saint-Chinian Saint-Christol Saint-Clément-de-Rivière Saint-Drézéry Sainte-Croix-de-Quintillargues Saint-Étienne-d'Albagnan Saint-Étienne-de-Gourgas Saint-Étienne-Estréchoux Saint-Félix-de-l'Héras Saint-Félix-de-Lodez Saint-Gély-du-Fesc Saint-Geniès-de-Fontedit Saint-Geniès-des-Mourgues Saint-Geniès-de-Varensal Saint-Georges-d'Orques Saint-Gervais-sur-Mare Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert Saint-Guiraud Saint-Hilaire-de-Beauvoir Saint-Jean-de-Buèges Saint-Jean-de-Cornies Saint-Jean-de-Cuculles Saint-Jean-de-Fos Saint-Jean-de-la-Blaquière Saint-Jean-de-Minervois Saint-Jean-de-Védas Saint-Julien Saint-Just Saint-Martin-de-l'Arçon Saint-Martin-de-Londres Saint-Mathieu-de-Tréviers Saint-Maurice-Navacelles Saint-Michel Saint-Nazaire-de-Ladarez Saint-Nazaire-de-Pézan Saint-Pargoire Saint-Paul-et-Valmalle Saint-Pierre-de-la-Fage Saint-Pons-de-Mauchiens Saint-Pons-de-Thomières Saint-Privat Saint-Saturnin-de-Lucian Saint-Sériès Saint-Thibéry Saint-Vincent-de-Barbeyrargues Saint-Vincent-d'Olargues Salasc La Salvetat-sur-Agout Saturargues Saussan Saussines Sauteyrargues Sauvian Sérignan Servian Sète Siran Sorbs Soubès Le Soulié Soumont Sussargues Taussac-la-Billière Teyran Thézan-lès-Béziers Tourbes La Tour-sur-Orb Tressan Le Triadou Usclas-d'Hérault Usclas-du-Bosc La Vacquerie-et-Saint-Martin-de-Castries Vacquières Vailhan Vailhauquès Valergues Valflaunès Valmascle Valras-Plage Valros Vélieux Vendargues Vendémian Vendres Vérargues Verreries-de-Moussans Vias Vic-la-Gardiole Vieussan Villemagne-l'Argentière Villeneuve-lès-Béziers Villeneuve-lès-Maguelone Villeneuvette Villespassans Villetelle Villeveyrac Viols-en-Laval Viols-le-Fort

v t e

Prefectures of departments of France

Bourg-en-Bresse
Bourg-en-Bresse
(Ain) Laon
Laon
(Aisne) Moulins (Allier) Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
(Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Gap (Hautes-Alpes) Nice
Nice
(Alpes-Maritimes) Privas
Privas
(Ardèche) Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
(Ardennes) Foix
Foix
(Ariège) Troyes
Troyes
(Aube) Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(Aude) Rodez
Rodez
(Aveyron) Marseille
Marseille
(Bouches-du-Rhône) Caen
Caen
(Calvados) Aurillac
Aurillac
(Cantal) Angoulême
Angoulême
(Charente) La Rochelle
La Rochelle
(Charente-Maritime) Bourges
Bourges
(Cher) Tulle
Tulle
(Corrèze) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corse-du-Sud) Bastia
Bastia
(Haute-Corse) Dijon
Dijon
(Côte-d'Or) Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc
(Côtes-d'Armor) Guéret
Guéret
(Creuse) Périgueux
Périgueux
(Dordogne) Besançon
Besançon
(Doubs) Valence (Drôme) Évreux
Évreux
(Eure) Chartres
Chartres
(Eure-et-Loir) Quimper
Quimper
(Finistère) Nîmes
Nîmes
(Gard) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Haute-Garonne) Auch
Auch
(Gers) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Gironde) Montpellier
Montpellier
(Hérault) Rennes
Rennes
(Ille-et-Vilaine) Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(Indre) Tours
Tours
(Indre-et-Loire) Grenoble
Grenoble
(Isère) Lons-le-Saunier
Lons-le-Saunier
(Jura) Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
(Landes) Blois
Blois
(Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(Haute-Loire) Nantes
Nantes
(Loire-Atlantique) Orléans
Orléans
(Loiret) Cahors
Cahors
(Lot) Agen
Agen
(Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers
Angers
(Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô
(Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
(Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
(Meuse) Vannes
Vannes
(Morbihan) Metz
Metz
(Moselle) Nevers
Nevers
(Nièvre) Lille
Lille
(Nord) Beauvais
Beauvais
(Oise) Alençon
Alençon
(Orne) Arras
Arras
(Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes
Tarbes
(Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan
Perpignan
(Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Bas-Rhin) Colmar
Colmar
(Haut-Rhin) Lyon
Lyon
(Rhône) Vesoul
Vesoul
(Haute-Saône) Mâcon
Mâcon
(Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans
Le Mans
(Sarthe) Chambéry
Chambéry
(Savoie) Annecy
Annecy
(Haute-Savoie) Paris
Paris
(Paris) Rouen
Rouen
(Seine-Maritime) Melun
Melun
(Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort
Niort
(Deux-Sèvres) Amiens
Amiens
(Somme) Albi
Albi
(Tarn) Montauban
Montauban
(Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon
Toulon
(Var) Avignon
Avignon
(Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(Vendée) Poitiers
Poitiers
(Vienne) Limoges
Limoges
(Haute-Vienne) Épinal
Épinal
(Vosges) Auxerre
Auxerre
(Yonne) Belfort
Belfort
(Territoire de Belfort) Évry (Essonne) Nanterre
Nanterre
(Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny
Bobigny
(Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil
Créteil
(Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise
Pontoise
(Val-d'Oise)

Overseas departments

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 168925906 LCCN: n79120260 ISNI: 0000 0001 2243 385X GND: 4040185-6 SUDOC: 026392852 BNF: cb15256773

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