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Mjøsa
Mjøsa
is Norway's largest lake, as well as one of the deepest lakes in Norway
Norway
and in Europe. It is the fourth-deepest lake in Norway. It is located in the southern part of Norway, about 100 km north of Oslo. Its main tributary is Gudbrandsdalslågen
Gudbrandsdalslågen
in the north; the only distributary is Vorma
Vorma
in the south. Inflows would theoretically need 5.6 years to fill the lake. With an average depth of 153 meters most of the lakes volume is under sea level. Average outflow (measured 1931-1982) is 316 m3/s or 9959 million m3.[2] Thomas Robert Malthus
Thomas Robert Malthus
travelled through Norway
Norway
in 1799 and his diaries from the trip includes a description of Mjøsa. Malthus wrote that Mjøsa
Mjøsa
appears as both lake and river because the shores are defined by mountains and where the valley becomes wider the water fills the space. Below Minde (Minnesund) the lake only appears like a river and is called Vorma
Vorma
on the map, according to Malthus.[3]

Contents

1 Location 2 Mjøskastellet 3 Fish 4 The name 5 Events 6 See also 7 Culture projects 8 References 9 External links

Location[edit]

Map with cities Lillehammer
Lillehammer
(North), Gjøvik
Gjøvik
(West), and Hamar
Hamar
(East)

From its southernmost point at Minnesund
Minnesund
in Eidsvoll
Eidsvoll
to its northernmost point in Lillehammer
Lillehammer
it is 117 km long. At its widest, near Hamar, it is 15 km wide. It is 365 km² in area and its volume is estimated at 56 km³; normally its surface is 123 metres above sea level, and its greatest depth is 468 metres. Its total coastline is estimated at 273 km, of which 30% is built up. Dams built on the distribuary of Vorma
Vorma
in 1858, 1911, 1947, and 1965 raised the level by approximately 3.6 metres in total. In the last 200 years, 20 floods have been registered that added 7 metres to the level of Mjøsa. Several of these floods inundated the city of Hamar. The cities of Hamar, Gjøvik, and Lillehammer
Lillehammer
were founded along the shores of the lake. Before the construction of railways past the lake, it was an important transport route. Today, aside from minor leisure boating and the steamship Skibladner, there is no water traffic on the lake. Most of its shores are dominated by rolling agricultural areas, among them some of the most fertile grainlands in Norway. The main train line, the Dovre Line
Dovre Line
between Oslo
Oslo
and Trondheim, goes along its eastern shore, making stops in Hamar
Hamar
and Lillehammer. From the south European route E6
European route E6
runs along the eastern shore of the lake until the Mjøsa Bridge
Mjøsa Bridge
connects Moelv
Moelv
on the east with Biri on the west.

Drawing of Mjøstkastellet as imagined by Peter Andreas Blix

Mjøskastellet[edit] The largest and only island is Helgøya. Except for Helgøya, Mjøsa only contains small islets. The most interesting of these is Steinsholmen, which holds the ruins of Mjøskastellet, a medieval citadel dating from the 13th century. Established by King Haakon IV of Norway, it was first mentioned in a letter dated 1234. Peter Andreas Blix documented the site and made drawings in 1897. Hedmark
Hedmark
Museum has a future archaeological plan for the site. [4][5] Fish[edit] Lake Mjøsa
Mjøsa
has 20 species of fish. Among the most common are pike, European perch, common roach, greyling, and the hundertrout, a brown trout which can reach a weight more than 20 kg. Another common species is the European smelt, which is the most important baitfish for the predators. Historically, the most economically significant species is the lågsild (European cisco). The name[edit] The name (Norse Mjǫrs, Proto-Norse
Proto-Norse
*Merso) must be very old. The meaning is, maybe, 'the bright/shiny one'. (If *mer- is related to the English word mere 'clear, bright', and -so is a suffix.)

The lake seen from the harbor in Hamar

The landmark Geiteryggen looking south from Hamar

Mjøsa
Mjøsa
from Hamar

Steamboat Skibladner
Skibladner
on the lake of Mjøsa

Steinholmen on lake Mjøsa

Events[edit] In 1975, the 14th World Scout Jamboree
14th World Scout Jamboree
was held on its shores. More than 17,000 Scouts from 91 countries took part. In 1995, a Swedish team lifted a Halifax bomber that was shot down in World War II. See also[edit]

Toftes Gave

Culture projects[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mjøsa.

ArtProjectMjøsa2008

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f Seppälä, Matti (2005), The Physical Geography of Fennoscandia, Oxford University Press, p. 145, ISBN 978-0-19-924590-1  ^ a b c d Dybdekart for Mjøsa
Mjøsa
(PDF), Dybdekartbok, NVE (Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate), 1984, s.22 ^ Selstad, Tor (red.) og Arve Stensrud: Den Store Mjøsboka. Oslo: Pegasus, 1991. ^ "Mjøskastellet på Steinsholmen". Mjøssamlingene. Retrieved June 1, 2017.  ^ "Mjøskastellet". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved June 1, 2017. 

External links[edit]

Mjøskastellet (DigitaltMuseum)

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Lakes in Norway

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Lakes in Akershus

Bjørkelangen Bogstadvannet Dælivannet Engervannet Hallangen Hurdalsjøen Lyseren Mangen Mjøsa Øgderen Østernvann Øyangen (Gran) Øyeren Rødenessjøen Setten

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Lakes in Aust-Agder

Åraksfjorden Blåsjø Botnsvatnet Botsvatn Breidvatn Byglandsfjorden Fisstøylvatnet Grøssæ Gyvatn Hartevatnet Herefossfjorden Holmavatnet Holmevatnet Homstølvatnet Hovatn Høvringsvatnet Kilefjorden Kolsvatnet Kvifjorden Longerakvatnet Måvatn Myklevatnet Nasvatn Nelaug Nesvatn Nystølfjorden Ogge Ormsavatnet Østre Grimevann Øyarvatnet Ramvatn Reinevatn Rore Rosskreppfjorden Sæsvatn Skyvatn Store Bjørnevatn Store Urevatn Straumsfjorden Syndle Topsæ Uldalsåna Vatndalsvatnet Vegår Ytre Storevatnet

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Lakes in Buskerud

Bjornesfjorden Brommafjorden Damtjern (Ringerike) Eikeren Flakavatnet Geitsjøen Halnefjorden Hettefjorden Juklevatnet Kravikfjorden Krøderen Langesjøen Lauvnesvatnet Mykle Norefjorden Nygardsvatnet Nyhellervatnet Øljusjøen Ørteren Øvre Hein Øyangen (Ringerike) Pålsbufjorden Rødungen Samsjøen (Ringerike) Skaupsjøen Sperillen Stolsvatnet Strandavatnet Tingvollfjorden (Buskerud) Tinnhølen Tisleifjorden Tunhovdfjorden Tyrifjorden Ullerentjernet Ustevatn Vavatn Vestre Bjonevatnet

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Lakes in Finnmark

Bajášjávri Bajit Spielgajávri Biggejávri Bjørnstadvatnet Čárajávri Čorotjávri Dátkojávri Doggejávri Gahččanjávri Gákkajávri Gardsjøen (Sør-Varanger) Garsjøen Gásadatjávri Gavdnjajávri Geađgejávri Geašjávri Geassájávri Geatnjajávri Guolehis Suolojávri Hæmmujávri Havvatnet Idjajávri Iešjávri Juovvajávri Kjæsvannet Klistervatnet Kovvatnet (Finnmark) Láhpojávri Latnetjávri Nissojávri Nuorbejávri Rágesjávri Sálganjávri Soagŋojávri Store Måsvann Stuora Galbajávri Stuorajávri (Alta) Stuorajávri (Kautokeino) Sundvatnet Šuoikkatjávri Suolojávri (Kautokeino) Suolojávri (Lebesby) Svanevatn Virdnejávri Vuolit Spielgajávri

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Lakes in Hedmark

Atnsjøen Digeren Engeren Falningsjøen Femund Flensjøen Fundin Galtsjøen Gardsjøen (Grue) Gjesåssjøen Gutulisjøen Harrsjøen Hukusjøen Innerdalsvatnet Isteren Langsjøen Lomnessjøen Mangen Marsjøen Mjøsa Møkeren Nedre Roasten Nugguren Osensjø Råsen Rogen Rokosjøen Savalen Siksjøen Skasen Skjervangen Storsjø (Nord-Odal) Storsjøen (Rendalen) Vermunden Vurrusjøen

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Lakes in Hordaland

Askevatnet Askjelldalsvatnet Bjølsegrøvvatnet Blådalsvatnet Eidfjordvatnet Evangervatnet Finsevatnet Flakavatnet Gjønavatnet Granvinsvatnet Halnefjorden Hamlagrøvatnet Henangervatnet Holmavatnet (Hordaland) Jordalsvatnet Juklavatnet Kalandsvatnet Kvennsjøen Langavatnet (Odda) Lille Lungegårdsvannet Løkjelsvatnet Lønavatnet Nordmannslågen Onarheimsvatnet Oppheimsvatnet Ringedalsvatnet Røldalsvatnet Sandvinvatnet Skaupsjøen Skjerjavatnet Skogseidvatnet Stakkastadvatnet Steinslandsvatnet Storavatnet Svartediket Sysenvatnet Tinnhølen Torfinnsvatnet Valldalsvatnet Vangsvatnet Veivatnet Vigdarvatnet Votna

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Lakes in Møre og Romsdal

Aursjøen Brusdalsvatnet Djupvatnet Eikesdalsvatnet Foldsjøen Gråsjøen Moldevatnet Votna

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Lakes in Nordland

Åbjørvatnet Alsvågvatnet Andfiskvatnet Andkjelvatnet Arstaddalsdammen Balvatnet Baugevatnet Båvrojávrre Bjørnefossvatnet Blåmannsisvatnet Bleiksvatnet Bleikvatnet Blerekvatnet Bogvatnet Børsvatnet Daningen Drevvatnet Eidevatnet Elsvatnet Famnvatnet Faulvatnet Fellvatnet Finnknevatnet Fiskelausvatnet (Grane) Fiskeløysvatnet (Saltdal) Fjærvatnet Fjellvatnet Fjerdvatnet Forsanvatnet Forsvatnet Fustvatnet Gåsvatnet Gautelisvatnet Geitvatnet Gjømmervatnet Grasvatnet Grovatnet Hartvikvatnet Heggmovatnet Helgåvatnet Hjertvatnet Holmvatnet Hopvatnet Horndalsvatnet Hundålvatnet Indre Sildvikvatnet Iptojávri Jengelvatnet Kaldvågvatnet Kallvatnet Kalvvatnet Kilvatnet Kjårdavatnet Kjelvatnet (Ballangen) Kjelvatnet (Fauske) Kjemåvatnet Kjerringvatnet (Hattfjelldal) Kobbvatnet Krutvatnet Kvitvatnet Låmivatnet Langvatnet (Ballangen) Langvatnet (Fauske) Langvatnet (Gildeskål) Langvatnet (Rana) Langvatnet (Sørfold) Langvatnet (Tysfjord) Leirvatnet (Sørfold) Litle Sokumvatnet Litlumvatnet Litlverivatnet Livsejávrre Lossivatnet Luktvatnet Lysvatnet (Meløy) Majavatnet Makkvatnet Markavatnet (Meløy) Melkevatnet Mellingsvatnet Mjåvatnet Mørsvikvatnet Muorkkejávrre Nedre Fiplingvatnet Nedre Veikvatnet Nedrevatnet Niingsvatnet Nordre Bjøllåvatnet Ømmervatnet Överuman Øvrevatnet Ramsgjelvatnet Ranseren Raudvatnet Reingardslivatnet Reinoksvatnet Rekvatnet Rødvatnet Røssvatnet Rotvatnet Røyrvatnet Rundvatnet Saglivatnet Sandnesvatnet Sausvatnet Sealggajávri Sefrivatnet Siiddašjávri Sildhopvatnet Simskardvatnet Sisovatnet Skilvatnet Skogvollvatnet Šluŋkkajávri Sokumvatnet Solbjørnvatnet Soløyvatnet Søre Bukkevatnet Søre Vistvatnet Storakersvatnet Store Svenningsvatnet Storglomvatnet Stormålvatnet Stormyrbassenget Storskogvatnet Storvatnet (Ballangen) Straumfjordvatnet Straumvatnet Strindvatnet Tverrvatnet Trollvatnet Unkervatnet Unna Guovdelisjávri Valnesvatnet Vatnvatnet Virvatnet Vuolep Sårjåsjávrre

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Lakes in Oppland

Akksjøen Atnsjøen Aursjoen Aursjøen Avalsjøen Bessvatnet Breiddalsvatnet Bukkehåmmårtjørna Bygdin Dokkfløyvatn Einavatnet Feforvatnet Flatningen Fleinsendin Gjende Grønvatnet Helin Lalmsvatnet Lemonsjøen Lesjaskogsvatnet Losna Mjøsa Nedre Heimdalsvatn Olefjorden Olstappen Otrøvatnet Øvre Leirungen Øvre Sjodalsvatnet Øyangen (Gran) Øyangen (Nord-Fron) Øyangen (Valdres) Prestesteinsvatnet Randsfjorden Rauddalsvatn Rondvatnet Russvatnet Samsjøen (Ringerike) Sandvatnet/Kaldfjorden/Øyvatnet Slettningen Slidrefjord Steinbusjøen Strondafjorden Tesse Tisleifjorden Tordsvatnet Tyin Vågåvatn Vangsmjøse Vestre Bjonevatnet Vinstre

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Lakes in Oslo

Bogstadvannet Lutvann Nordre Puttjern Østensjøvannet Øvresetertjern Sognsvann Sværsvann Tryvann

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Lakes in Østfold

Ara Aspern Femsjøen Isesjøen Lyseren Mingevannet Øgderen Ørsjøen Øyeren Øymarksjøen Rødenessjøen Rømsjøen Store Erte Store Le Vansjø Vestvannet Visterflo

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Lakes in Rogaland

Aksdalsvatnet Austrumdalsvatnet Blåsjø Byrkjelandsvatnet Edlandsvatnet Eiavatnet Flassavatnet Frøylandsvatnet Frøylandsvatnet
Frøylandsvatnet
(Sandnes) Grøsfjellvatnet Hofreistæ Holmavatnet Holmevatnet Hovsvatnet Limavatnet Lundevatn Nilsebuvatnet Nodlandsvatnet Oltedalsvatnet Orrevatnet Ørsdalsvatnet Øvre Tysdalsvatnet Stakkastadvatnet Stokkavatnet (Forus) Stora Stokkavatnet Suldalsvatnet Teksevatnet Tysdalsvatnet Vatsvatnet Vigdarvatnet Vostervatnet

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Lakes in Sogn og Fjordane

Austdalsvatnet Breimsvatn Degnepollvatnet Dingevatn Eldrevatnet Emhjellevatnet Endestadvatnet Holsavatnet Holskardvatnet Hornindalsvatnet Jølstravatn Juklevatnet Lovatnet Nyhellervatnet Øljusjøen Oppstrynsvatn Prestesteinsvatnet Styggevatnet Tyin Viddalsdammen

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Lakes in Telemark

Bandak Bolkesjø Farris Flåvatn Fyresvatn Holmavatnet Kalhovdfjorden Kviteseidvatn Lake Tinn Møsvatn Nisser Norsjø Songevatnet Toke Totak

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Lakes in Troms

Altevatnet Geavdnjajávri Leinavatn Lille Rostavatn Lysvatnet (Lenvik) Niingsvatnet Prestvannet Rihpojávri Rostojávri Šuoikkatjávri

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Lakes in Trøndelag

Almåsgrønningen Andorsjøen Ångardsvatnet Aursund Bangsjøan Benna Bolagen Botn (Trøndelag) Byavatnet Eidsvatnet Esandsjø Femund Feragen Feren Finnvollvatnet Fjergen Flensjøen Fossemvatnet Fundin Funnsjøen Gagnåsvatnet Gilten Gjevillvatnet Grøningen Grungstadvatnet Gusvatnet Hammervatnet Håsjøen Havdalsvatnet Hoklingen Holden (Lierne) Holden (Verran) Holderen Hostovatnet Ingjelsvatnet Innsvatnet Jengelvatnet Jonsvatnet Kalvvatnet Kingen Korssjøen Kvesjøen Laksjøen Leksdalsvatnet Lenglingen Limingen Lysvatnet (Verran) Malmsjøen Mellingsvatnet Meltingvatnet Mjosundvatnet Mokkavatnet Movatnet Murusjøen Namsvatnet Nedre Roasten Nesjø Ormsetvatnet Ovrejaevrie Øyangsvatnet Øyungen Øyvatnet Rambergsjøen Rengen Riasten Rien Rogen Saglivatnet Salsvatnet Samsjøen (Trøndelag) Sandsjøen Selbusjø Snåsavatnet Sønningen Sørungen Stordalsvatnet Store Øyingen Storfrøyningen Storgåsvatnet Storgollomsvatnet Storgrønningen Stortissvatnet Storvatnet (Leksvik) Storvatnet (Nærøy) Straumsetervatnet Svorksjøen Tunnsjøen Tunnsjøflyan Ulen Vasslivatnet Våvatnet Veresvatnet

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Lakes in Vest-Agder

3. Stampe Gillsvannet Gjuvvatnet Gravatnet Gyvatn Kilefjorden Kulivatnet Kumlevollvatnet Kvifjorden Lundevatn Lygne Nåvatnet Øre Øyarvatnet Rosskreppfjorden Selura Sirdalsvatnet Valevatn Vollevannet Ytre Øydnavatnet

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Lakes in Vestfold

Eikeren Farris G

.