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In Egyptian mythology
Egyptian mythology
, MERETSEGER (also spelt MERTSEGER), meaning "she who loves silence" exerted great authority during the New Kingdom era over the Theban Necropolis
Theban Necropolis
and was considered to be both a dangerous and merciful goddess. She was closely connected with al-Qurn , the pyramid-shaped peak in the Valley of the Kings
Valley of the Kings
. As a cobra -goddess she is sometimes associated with Hathor
Hathor
.

She was the patron deity of the workers in Deir el-Medina
Deir el-Medina
who built the tombs. She punished workers who committed crimes, but healed those who repented. In one instance Meretseger
Meretseger
is petitioned to bring relief to one in pain. She answer the prayer by bringing "sweet breezes" A draftsman named Neferabu dedicated a stela to her:

"An ignorant man (I was), without my heart, who did not know good from evil. I was doing misdeeds against the Peak and she taught me a lesson...The peak strikes with the stroke of a savage lion. She is after him who offends her."

Merestseger takes pity on the man and "She turned to me in mercy , She caused me to forget the sickness that has been upon me".

As a cobra, she spat venom at anyone who tried to vandalise or rob the royal tombs. In art she was portrayed as either a coiled cobra, or as a woman-headed cobra, or rarely as a triple headed cobra, where one head was that of a cobra, one of a woman, and one of a vulture.

Her close association with the Valley of the Kings
Valley of the Kings
prevented her becoming anything more than a local deity, and when the valley ceased being in use, so she also ceased being worshipped.

GALLERY

*

The pyramid-shaped mountain overlooking the Valley of the Kings
Valley of the Kings
*

Stele representing the cobra -goddess (upper tier) and snakes (lower tier). *

Ostracon showing goddess Meretseger
Meretseger

REFERENCES

Wikimedia Commons has media related to MERETSEGER .

* ^ A B The Routledge dictionary of Egyptian gods and goddesses, George Hart, p. 91. Routledge 2005, ISBN 0-415-34495-6 * ^ The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt, Richard H. Wilkinson, p. 224. Thames ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Ancient Egyptian religion
Ancient Egyptian religion

BELIEFS

* Emanationism * Isfet * Maat
Maat
* Maa Kheru * Mythology * Numerology * Paganism
Paganism
* Pantheism
Pantheism
* Philosophy * Polytheism
Polytheism
* Soul

PRACTICES

* Funerals * Heku * Mortuary temples * Offering formula * Temples * Veneration of the dead

DEITIES

OGDOAD

* Amun
Amun
* Amunet * Heh * Hauhet * Kek * Kauket
Kauket
* Nu * Naunet

ENNEAD

* Atum
Atum
* Shu * Tefnut
Tefnut
* Geb * Nut * Osiris
Osiris
* Isis
Isis
* Set * Nephthys
Nephthys

* Aker * Akhty * Ammit
Ammit
* Am-heh
Am-heh
* Anat
Anat
* Andjety
Andjety
* Anhur
Anhur
* Anput
Anput
* Anti * Anubis
Anubis
* Anuket
Anuket
* Apedemak
Apedemak
* Apep * Apis * Apt * Aqen * Arensnuphis * Ash * Astarte
Astarte
* Aten
Aten
* Babi * Banebdjedet
Banebdjedet
* Bastet
Bastet
* Bat * Bata * Ba-Pef * Bes
Bes
* Buchis
Buchis
* Dedun

* Four sons of Horus
Four sons of Horus

* Duamutef
Duamutef
* Hapi * Imset * Qebehsenuef
Qebehsenuef

* Ha * Hapi * Hathor
Hathor
* Hatmehit * Hedetet * Heka * Hemen * Hemsut * Heqet
Heqet
* Hermanubis * Hesat * Horus
Horus
* Heryshaf * Hu * Iabet * Iah
Iah
* Iat * Ihy * Imentet * Imhotep
Imhotep
* Iunit * Iusaaset * Kebechet * Khensit * Khenti-Amentiu * Khenti-kheti * Khepri
Khepri
* Kherty * Khnum
Khnum
* Khonsu
Khonsu
* Kothar-wa-Khasis * Maahes
Maahes
* Ma\'at * Mandulis * Medjed * Mafdet
Mafdet
* Mehen
Mehen
* Mehet-Weret * Mehit
Mehit
* Menhit
Menhit
* Meret * Meretseger * Meskhenet * Min * Mnevis
Mnevis
* Montu
Montu
* Mut
Mut
* Nebethetepet
Nebethetepet
* Nebtuwi * Nefertem
Nefertem
* Nehebkau * Nehmetawy
Nehmetawy
* Neith
Neith
* Nekhbet
Nekhbet
* Neper * Pakhet * Petbe * Ptah
Ptah
* Qebui * Qetesh * Ra * Raet-Tawy * Rem * Renenutet
Renenutet
* Renpet * Repyt
Repyt
* Resheph
Resheph
* Sah * Satis * Sekhmet
Sekhmet
* Seker
Seker
* Serapis * Serket
Serket
* Seshat
Seshat
* Shai * Shed * Shesmetet * Shezmu * Sia * Sobek * Sopdet
Sopdet
* Sopdu * Souls of Pe and Nekhen * Tatenen
Tatenen
* Taweret * Ta-Bitjet * Tenenet

* Thoth
Thoth

* Hermes Trismegistus

* Tjenenyet * Tutu * Unut * Wadjet * Wadj-wer * Weneg * Wepset * Wepwawet * Werethekau * Wosret

CREATURES

* Aani * Abtu * Bennu * Griffin
Griffin
* Hieracosphinx
Hieracosphinx
* Medjed * Serpopard
Serpopard
* Sha * Sphinx
Sphinx
* Uraeus

LOCATIONS

* Neter-khertet * Aaru
Aaru
* Benben
Benben
* Duat * Land of Manu * The Indestructibles

Symbols and Objects

* Ankh
Ankh
* Atef * Atet * Book
Book
of Thoth
Thoth
* Cartouche * Crook and flail
Crook and flail
* Deshret * Djed
Djed
* Egyptian obelisk * Egyptian pool * Eye of Horus
Horus
* Eye of Ra * Hedjet
Hedjet
* Hemhem crown * Hennu * Imiut fetish * Khepresh * Kneph * Matet boat * Menat * Nebu * Nemes * Neshmet * Ouroboros
Ouroboros
* Pschent
Pschent
* Scarab * Seqtet boat * Serekh
Serekh
* Shen ring * Tyet * Ushabti * Was-sceptre
Was-sceptre
* Winged sun

WRITINGS

* Amduat * Books of Breathing
Books of Breathing
* Book of Caverns * Book of the Dead
Book of the Dead
* Book of the Earth * Book of Gates * Book of the Heavenly Cow
Book of the Heavenly Cow
* Book of Traversing Eternity * Coffin Texts * The Contendings of Horus
Horus
and Seth * Enigmatic Book of the Netherworld * Great Hymn to the Aten
Aten
* Litany of the Eye of Horus
Horus
* Litany of Re * Pyramid Texts
Pyramid Texts

RELATED RELIGIONS

* Atenism
Atenism
* Gnosticism
Gnosticism
* Hermeticism
Hermeticism
* Kemetism
Kemetism
* Temple of Set

* Book
Book
* Ancient Egy

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