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May Day
May Day
is a public holiday usually celebrated on May 1. It is an ancient northern hemisphere spring festival[1] and a traditional spring holiday in many cultures. Dances, singing, and cake are usually part of the festivities. In the late 19th century, May Day
May Day
was chosen as the date for International Workers' Day
International Workers' Day
by the Socialists and Communists of the Second International
Second International
to commemorate the Haymarket affair in Chicago.[2] International Workers' Day
International Workers' Day
may also be referred to as "May Day", but it is a different celebration from the traditional May Day.

Contents

1 Orgins and Celebrations 2 Europe

2.1 United Kingdom 2.2 Finland 2.3 Estonia 2.4 France 2.5 Germany 2.6 Ireland 2.7 Italy 2.8 Greece 2.9 Bulgaria 2.10 Romania 2.11 Portugal 2.12 Spain 2.13 Sweden 2.14 Poland

3 North America

3.1 Canada 3.2 United States

3.2.1 Hawaii

4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Orgins and Celebrations[edit] The earliest May Day
May Day
celebrations appeared with the Floralia, festival of Flora, the Roman goddess of flowers, held on April 27 during the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
era, and with the Walpurgis Night
Walpurgis Night
celebrations of the Germanic countries. It is also associated with the Gaelic Beltane, most commonly held on April 30. The day was a traditional summer holiday in many European pagan cultures. While February 1 was the first day of spring, May 1 was the first day of summer; hence, the summer solstice on June 25 (now June 21) was Midsummer.[3] As Europe became Christianised, the pagan holidays lost their religious character and May Day
May Day
changed into a popular secular celebration. A significant celebration of May Day
May Day
occurs in Germany where it is one of several days on which St. Walburga, credited with bringing Christianity
Christianity
to Germany, is celebrated. The secular versions of May Day, observed in Europe and North America, may be best known for their traditions of dancing around the maypole and crowning the Queen of May. Fading in popularity since the late 20th century is the giving of "May baskets," small baskets of sweets or flowers, usually left anonymously on neighbours' doorsteps.[4] Since the 18th century, many Roman Catholics have observed May – and May Day
May Day
– with various May devotions to the Blessed Virgin Mary[5] In works of art, school skits, and so forth, Mary's head will often be adorned with flowers in a May crowning. May 1 is also one of two feast days of the Catholic patron saint of workers St Joseph the Worker, a carpenter, husband to Mother Mary, and surrogate father of Jesus.[6] Replacing another feast to St. Joseph, this date was chosen by Pope Pius XII in 1955 as a counterpoint to the communist International Workers Day celebrations on May Day.[6] In the late 20th century, many neopagans began reconstructing traditions and celebrating May Day
May Day
as a pagan religious festival.[7] Europe[edit] United Kingdom[edit]

May Queen
May Queen
on village green, Melmerby, England

Children dancing around a maypole as part of a May Day
May Day
celebration in Welwyn, England

Traditional English May Day
May Day
rites and celebrations include crowning a May Queen
May Queen
and celebrations involving a maypole. Historically, Morris dancing has been linked to May Day
May Day
celebrations.[8] Much of this tradition derives from the pagan Anglo-Saxon customs held during "Þrimilci-mōnaþ"[9] (the Old English
Old English
name for the month of May meaning Month of Three Milkings) along with many Celtic traditions.[10][11]

Morris dancing
Morris dancing
on May Day
May Day
in Oxford, England, in 2004.

May blossom, the flower of the May tree or common hawthorn, Crataegus monogyna

Dancing the May Pole at Llanelwedd
Llanelwedd
in Wales, 1909.

May Day
May Day
has been a traditional day of festivities throughout the centuries, most associated with towns and villages celebrating springtime fertility (of the soil, livestock, and people) and revelry with village fetes and community gatherings. Seeding has been completed by this date and it was convenient to give farm labourers a day off. Perhaps the most significant of the traditions is the maypole, around which traditional dancers circle with ribbons. The spring bank holiday on the first Monday in May was created in 1978; May Day
May Day
itself – May 1 – is not a public holiday in England
England
(unless it falls on a Monday). In February 2011, the UK Parliament was reported to be considering scrapping the bank holiday associated with May Day, replacing it with a bank holiday in October, possibly coinciding with Trafalgar Day
Trafalgar Day
(celebrated on October 21), to create a " United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Day".[12] Unlike the other Bank Holidays and common law holidays, the first Monday in May is taken off from (state) schools by itself, and not as part of a half term or end of term holiday. This is because it has no Christian significance and does not otherwise fit into the usual school holiday pattern. (By contrast, the Easter
Easter
Holiday can start as late - relative to Easter
Easter
- as Good Friday, if Easter
Easter
falls early in the year; or finish as early - relative to Easter
Easter
- as Easter
Easter
Monday, if Easter
Easter
falls late in the year, because of the supreme significance of Good Friday
Good Friday
and Easter
Easter
Day to Christianity.) May Day
May Day
was abolished and its celebration banned by Puritan parliaments during the Interregnum, but reinstated with the restoration of Charles II in 1660.[13] May 1, 1707, was the day the Act of Union came into effect, joining England
England
and Scotland
Scotland
to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.

Queen Guinevere's Maying, by John Collier

For thus it chanced one morn when all the court, Green-suited, but with plumes that mocked the may, Had been, their wont, a-maying and returned, That Modred still in green, all ear and eye, Climbed to the high top of the garden-wall To spy some secret scandal if he might, [14]

In Oxford, it is a centuries-old tradition for May Morning
May Morning
revellers to gather below the Great Tower of Magdalen College at 6 am to listen to the college choir sing traditional madrigals as a conclusion to the previous night's celebrations. Since the 1980s some people then jump off Magdalen Bridge
Magdalen Bridge
into the River Cherwell. For some years, the bridge has been closed on 1 May to prevent people from jumping, as the water under the bridge is only 2 feet (61 cm) deep and jumping from the bridge has resulted in serious injury in the past. There are still people who climb the barriers and leap into the water, causing themselves injury.[15] In Durham, students of the University of Durham
University of Durham
gather on Prebend's Bridge to see the sunrise and enjoy festivities, folk music, dancing, madrigal singing and a barbecue breakfast. This is an emerging Durham tradition, with patchy observance since 2001. Kingsbury Episcopi, Somerset, has seen its yearly May Day
May Day
Festival celebrations on the May bank holiday Monday burgeon in popularity in the recent years. Since it was reinstated 21 years ago it has grown in size, and on May 5, 2014 thousands of revellers were attracted from all over the south west to enjoy the festivities, with BBC Somerset covering the celebrations. These include traditional maypole dancing and morris dancing, as well as contemporary music acts.. Whitstable, Kent, hosts a good example of more traditional May Day festivities, where the Jack in the Green
Jack in the Green
festival was revived in 1976 and continues to lead an annual procession of morris dancers through the town on the May bank holiday. A separate revival occurred in Hastings
Hastings
in 1983 and has become a major event in the town calendar. A traditional sweeps festival is performed over the May bank holiday in Rochester, Kent, where the Jack in the Green
Jack in the Green
is woken at dawn on May 1 by Morris dancers. At 7:15 p.m. on May 1 each year, the Kettle Bridge Clogs[16] morris dancing side dance across Barming
Barming
Bridge (otherwise known as the Kettle Bridge), which spans the River Medway
River Medway
near Maidstone, to mark the official start of their morris dancing season. Also known as Ashtoria Day in northern parts of rural Cumbria. A celebration of unity and female bonding. Although not very well known, it is often cause for huge celebration. The Maydayrun involves thousands of motorbikes taking a 55-mile (89 km) trip from London
London
(Locksbottom) to the Hastings
Hastings
seafront, East Sussex. The event has been taking place for almost 30 years now and has grown in interest from around the country, both commercially and publicly. The event is not officially organised; the police only manage the traffic, and volunteers manage the parking. Padstow
Padstow
in Cornwall
Cornwall
holds its annual Obby-Oss (Hobby Horse) day of festivities. This is believed to be one of the oldest fertility rites in the UK; revellers dance with the Oss through the streets of the town and even through the private gardens of the citizens, accompanied by accordion players and followers dressed in white with red or blue sashes who sing the traditional "May Day" song. The whole town is decorated with springtime greenery, and every year thousands of onlookers attend. Prior to the 19th-century, distinctive May Day celebrations were widespread throughout west Cornwall, and are being revived in St. Ives and Penzance. Kingsand, Cawsand
Cawsand
and Millbrook in Cornwall
Cornwall
celebrate Flower Boat Ritual on the May Day
May Day
bank holiday. A model of the ship The Black Prince is covered in flowers and is taken in procession from the Quay at Millbrook to the beach at Cawsand
Cawsand
where it is cast adrift. The houses in the villages are decorated with flowers and people traditionally wear red and white clothes. There are further celebrations in Cawsand
Cawsand
Square with Morris dancing
Morris dancing
and May pole dancing. Scotland May Day
May Day
has been celebrated in Scotland
Scotland
for centuries. It was previously closely associated with the Beltane
Beltane
festival.[17] Reference to this earlier celebration is found in poem 'Peblis to the Play', contained in the Maitland Manuscripts
Maitland Manuscripts
of fifteenth- and sixteenth-century Scots poetry:

At Beltane, quhen ilk bodie bownis To Peblis to the Play, To heir the singin and the soundis; The solace, suth to say, Be firth and forrest furth they found Thay graythis tham full gay; God wait that wald they do that stound, For it was their feist day, Thay said, [...]

The poem describes the celebration in the town of Peebles
Peebles
in the Scottish Borders, which continues to stage a parade and pageant each year, including the annual ‘Common Riding’, which takes place in many towns throughout the Borders. As well as the crowning of a Beltane
Beltane
Queen each year, it is custom to sing ‘The Beltane
Beltane
Song’. [18] John Jamieson, in his Etymological Dictionary of the Scottish Language (1808) describes some of the May Day/ Beltane
Beltane
customs which persisted in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries in parts of Scotland, which he noted were beginning to die out. [19] In the nineteenth century, folklorist Alexander Carmichael
Alexander Carmichael
(1832–1912), collected the song Am Beannachadh Bealltain (The Beltane
Beltane
Blessing) in his Carmina Gadelica, which he heard from a Crofter in South Uist. [20] Scottish May Day/ Beltane
Beltane
celebrations have been somewhat revived in the late twentieth century. Both Edinburgh
Edinburgh
and Glasgow
Glasgow
organise Mayday festivals and rallies. In Edinburgh, the Beltane
Beltane
Fire Festival
Festival
is held on the evening of May eve and into the early hours of May Day
May Day
on the city's Calton Hill. An older Edinburgh
Edinburgh
tradition has it that young women who climb Arthur's Seat
Arthur's Seat
and wash their faces in the morning dew will have lifelong beauty. At the University of St Andrews, some of the students gather on the beach late on April 30 and run into the North Sea
North Sea
at sunrise on May Day, occasionally naked. This is accompanied by torchlit processions and much elated celebration. At the University of St Andrews, some of the students gather on the beach late on April 30 and run into the North Sea
North Sea
at sunrise on May Day, occasionally naked. This is accompanied by torchlit processions and much elated celebration. Both Edinburgh
Edinburgh
and Glasgow
Glasgow
organise Mayday festivals and rallies. In Edinburgh, the Beltane
Beltane
Fire Festival
Festival
is held on the evening of May eve and into the early hours of May Day
May Day
on the city's Calton Hill. An older Edinburgh
Edinburgh
tradition has it that young women who climb Arthur's Seat and wash their faces in the morning dew will have lifelong beauty. Finland[edit] Celebrations among the younger generations take place on May Day
May Day
Eve, see Walpurgis Night
Walpurgis Night
in Finland, most prominent being the afternoon "crowning" of statues in towns around the country with a student cap. May Day
May Day
is known as Vappu
Vappu
in Finnish. This is a public holiday that is the only carnival-style street festivity in the country. People young and old, particularly students, party outside, picnic and wear caps or other decorative clothing. Many Finns make a special mead from lemons, brown sugar, and yeast called "sima". It contains very little alcohol, so even children can drink it. A similar product can also be bought in all stores. Finns also make doughnuts and a crisp pastry fried in oil made from a similar, more liquid dough called tippaleipä (fi) that resembles funnel cake. Balloons and other decorations like paper streamers are seen everywhere. Estonia[edit] May Day
May Day
or "Spring Day" (Kevadpüha) is a national holiday in Estonia celebrating the arrival of spring. More traditional festivities take place throughout the night before and into the early hours of May 1, on the Walpurgis Night (Volbriöö). France[edit]

Lily of the valley

On May 1, 1561, King Charles IX of France
Charles IX of France
received a lily of the valley as a lucky charm. He decided to offer a lily of the valley each year to the ladies of the court. At the beginning of the 20th century, it became custom to give a sprig of lily of the valley, a symbol of springtime, on May 1. The government permits individuals and workers' organisations to sell them tax-free on that single day. Nowadays, people may present loved ones either with bunches of lily of the valley or dog rose flowers.[21] Germany[edit]

Maibaum in Munich, Germany.

Maibaum in Ellbach, Germany

In rural regions of Germany, especially the Harz
Harz
Mountains, Walpurgisnacht
Walpurgisnacht
celebrations of pagan origin are traditionally held on the night before May Day, including bonfires and the wrapping of a Maibaum (maypole). Young people use this opportunity to party, while the day itself is used by many families to get some fresh air. Motto: "Tanz in den Mai" ("Dance into May"). In the Rhineland, May 1 is also celebrated by the delivery of a maypole, a tree covered in streamers to the house of a girl the night before. The tree is typically from a love interest, though a tree wrapped only in white streamers is a sign of dislike. Women usually place roses or rice in the form of a heart at the house of their beloved one. It is common to stick the heart to a window or place it in front of the doormat. In leap years, it is the responsibility of the women to place the maypole. All the action is usually done secretly and it is an individual's choice whether to give a hint of their identity or stay anonymous. May Day
May Day
was not established as a public holiday until 1933. As Labour Day, many political parties and unions host activities related to work and employment. Ireland[edit] May Day
May Day
has been celebrated in Ireland since pagan times as the feast of Beltane
Beltane
(Bealtaine) and in latter times as Mary's day. Traditionally, bonfires were lit to mark the coming of summer and to banish the long nights of winter. Officially Irish May Day
May Day
holiday is the first Monday in May. Old traditions such as bonfires are no longer widely observed, though the practice still persists in some places across the country. Limerick, Clare and many other people in other counties still keep on this tradition, including areas in Dublin city such as Ringsend.[22] Italy[edit] In Italy it is called Calendimaggio or cantar maggio a seasonal feast held to celebrate the arrival of spring. The event takes its name from the period in which it takes place, that is, the beginning of May, from the Latin calenda maia. The Calendimaggio is a tradition still alive today in many regions of Italy as an allegory of the return to life and rebirth: among these Piedmont, Liguria, Lombardy, Emilia-Romagna
Emilia-Romagna
(for example, is celebrated in the area of the Quattro Province or Piacenza, Pavia, Alessandria and Genoa), Tuscany
Tuscany
and Umbria. This magical-propitiatory ritual is often performed during an almsgiving in which, in exchange for gifts (traditionally eggs, wine, food or sweets), the Maggi (or maggerini) sing auspicious verses to the inhabitants of the houses they visit. Throughout the Italian peninsula these Il Maggio couplets are very diverse—most are love songs with a strong romantic theme, that young people sang to celebrate the arrival of spring. Symbols of spring revival are the trees (alder, golden rain) and flowers (violets, roses), mentioned in the verses of the songs, and with which the maggerini adorn themselves. In particular the plant alder, which grows along the rivers, is considered the symbol of life and that's why it is often present in the ritual. Calendimaggio can be historically noted in Tuscany
Tuscany
as a mythical character who had a predominant role and met many of the attributes of the god Belenus. In Lucania, the Maggi have a clear auspicious character of pagan origin. In Syracuse, Sicily, the Albero della Cuccagna (cf. "Greasy pole") is held during the month of May, a feast celebrated to commemorate the victory over the Athenians led by Nicias. However, Angelo de Gubernatis, in his work Mythology of Plants, believes that without doubt the festival was previous to that of said victory. It is a celebration that dates back to ancient peoples, and is very integrated with the rhythms of nature, such as the Celts
Celts
(celebrating Beltane), Etruscans
Etruscans
and Ligures, in which the arrival of summer was of great importance. Greece[edit] May 1st is a day that celebrates Spring. Maios (Latin Maius), the month of May, took its name from the goddess Maia (Gr Μαία, the nurse), a Greek and Roman goddess of fertility. The day of Maios (Modern Greek Πρωτομαγιά) celebrates the final victory of the summer against winter as the victory of life against death. The celebration is similar to an ancient ritual associated with another minor demi-god Adonis
Adonis
which also celebrated the revival of nature. There is today some conflation with yet another tradition, the revival or marriage of Dionysus
Dionysus
(the Greek God of theatre and wine-making). This event, however, was celebrated in ancient times not in May but in association with the Anthesteria, a festival held in February and dedicated to the goddess of agriculture Demeter
Demeter
and her daughter Persephone. Persephone
Persephone
emerged every year at the end of Winter from the Underworld. The Anthesteria
Anthesteria
was a festival of souls, plants and flowers, and Persephone's coming to earth from Hades
Hades
marked the rebirth of nature, a common theme in all these traditions. What remains of the customs today, echoes these traditions of antiquity. A common, until recently, May Day
May Day
custom involved the annual revival of a youth called Adonis, or alternatively of Dionysus, or of Maios (in Modern Greek Μαγιόπουλο, the Son of Maia). In a simple theatrical ritual, the significance of which has long been forgotten, a chorus of young girls sang a song over a youth lying on the ground, representing Adonis, Dionysus
Dionysus
or Maios. At the end of the song, the youth rose up and a flower wreath was placed on his head. The most common aspect of modern May Day
May Day
celebrations is the preparation of a flower wreath from wild flowers, although as a result of urbanisation there is an increasing trend to buy wreaths from flower shops. The flowers are placed on the wreath against a background of green leaves and the wreath is hung either on the entrance to the family house/apartment or on a balcony. It remains there until midsummer night. On that night, the flower wreaths are set alight in bonfires known as St John’s fires. Youths leap over the flames consuming the flower wreaths. This custom has also practically disappeared, like the theatrical revival of Adonis/Dionysus/Maios, as a result of rising urban traffic and with no alternative public grounds in most Greek city neighbourhoods, not to mention potential conflicts with demonstrating workers. Bulgaria[edit] On May Day, Bulgarians celebrate Irminden (or Yeremiya, Eremiya, Irima, Zamski den). The holiday is associated with snakes and lizards and rituals are made in order to protect people from them. The name of the holiday comes from the prophet Jeremiah, but its origins are most probably pagan. It is said that on the days of the Holy Forty or Annunciation
Annunciation
snakes come out of their burrows, and on Irminden their king comes out. Old people believe that those working in the fields on this day will be bitten by a snake in summer. In western Bulgaria people light fires, jump over them and make noises to scare snakes. Another custom is to prepare "podnici" (special clay pots made for baking bread). This day is especially observed by pregnant women so that their offspring do not catch "yeremiya" — an illness due to evil powers. Romania[edit] On May Day, the Romanians celebrate the arminden (or armindeni), the beginning of summer, symbolically tied with the protection of crops and farm animals. The name comes from Slavonic Jeremiinŭ dĭnĭ, meaning prophet Jeremiah's day, but the celebration rites and habits of this day are apotropaic and pagan (possibly originating in the cult of the god Pan). The day is also called ziua pelinului ("mugwort day") or ziua bețivilor ("drunkards' day") and it is celebrated to ensure good wine in autumn and, for people and farm animals alike, good health and protection from the elements of nature (storms, hail, illness, pests). People would have parties in natural surroundings, with lăutari (fiddlers) for those who could afford it. Then it is customary to roast and eat lamb, along with new mutton cheese, and to drink mugwort-flavoured wine, or just red wine, to refresh the blood and get protection from diseases. On the way back, the men wear lilac or mugwort flowers on their hats. Other apotropaic rites include, in some areas of the country, people washing their faces with the morning dew (for good health) and adorning the gates for good luck and abundance with green branches or with birch saplings (for the houses with maiden girls). The entries to the animals' shelters are also adorned with green branches. All branches are left in place until the wheat harvest when they are used in the fire which will bake the first bread from the new wheat. On May Day
May Day
eve, country women do not work in the field as well as in the house to avoid devastating storms and hail coming down on the village. Arminden is also ziua boilor (oxen day) and thus the animals are not to be used for work, or else they could die or their owners could get ill. It is said that the weather is always good on May Day
May Day
to allow people to celebrate. Portugal[edit] "Os Maios" is celebrated throughout Portugal, with special focus on the northern territories. These festivities are a continuum of the "Os Maios" of Galiza. People put the yellow flowers of Portuguese brooms, known as giestas, on windows, doors, gates and every doorway of houses, granaries, cars, etc., which they collect on the evening of the 30th of April when the Portuguese brooms are blooming, to defend those places from bad spirits, witches and the evil eye. This must be done before midnight. In ancient times, this was done while playing traditional night-music. In some places, children were dressed in these flowers and went from place to place begging for money or bread. On the 1st of May, people also used to sing "Cantigas de Maio", traditional songs related to this day and the whole month of May.[3] Spain[edit] May Day
May Day
is celebrated throughout the country as Los Mayos (lit. "the Mays") often in a similar way to "Fiesta de las Cruces" in many parts of Hispanic America. By way of example, in Galicia, the festival (os maios, in the local language) consists in different representations around a decorated tree or sculpture. People sing popular songs (also called maios,) making mentions to social and political events during the past year, sometimes under the form of a converse, while they walk around the sculpture with the percussion of two sticks. In Lugo[23] and in the village of Vilagarcía de Arousa[24] it was usual to ask a tip to the attendees, which used to be a handful of dry chestnuts (castañas maiolas), walnuts or hazelnuts. Today the tradition became a competition where the best sculptures and songs receive a prize.[25] In the Galician city of Ourense
Ourense
this day is celebrated traditionally on 3 May, the day of the Holy Cross, that in the Christian tradition replaced the tree "where the health, life and resurrection are," according to the introit of that day's mass.[26] Sweden[edit] The more traditional festivities have moved to the day before, Walpurgis Night
Walpurgis Night
("Valborgsmässoafton"), known in some locales as simply "Last of April". The first of May is instead celebrated as International Workers' Day. Poland[edit] In Poland, there is a state holiday on May 1.[27][28] It is currently celebrated without a specific connotation, and as such it is May Day. However, due to historical connotations, most of the celebrations are focused around Labour Day
Labour Day
festivities. It is customary for labour activists and left-wing political parties to organize parades in cities and towns across Poland
Poland
on this day. The holiday is also commonly referred to as "Labour Day" ("Święto Pracy"). In Poland, May Day
May Day
is closely followed by May 3rd Constitution Day. These two dates combined often result in a long weekend called "Majówka". People often travel, and "Majówka" is unofficially considered the start of the barbecuing season in Poland. Between these two, on May 2, though formerly a working day, there is now a patriotic holiday, the Day of the Polish Flag (Dzień Flagi Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej), introduced by a Parliamentary Act of February 20, 2004.May Day has a public holiday too. North America[edit] Canada[edit] May Day
May Day
is celebrated in some parts of the provinces of British Columbia, New Brunswick and Ontario. Toronto In Toronto, on the morning of 1 May, various Morris Dancing troops from Toronto and Hamilton gather on the road by Grenadier Cafe, in High Park to "dance in the May". The dancers and crowd then gather together and sing traditional May Day
May Day
songs such as Hal-An-Tow and Padstow. British Columbia Celebrations often take place not on 1 May but during the Victoria Day long weekend, later in the month and when the weather is likely to be better. The longest continually observed May Day
May Day
in the British Commonwealth is held in the city of New Westminster, BC. There, the first May Day
May Day
celebration was held on 4 May 1870.[29] United States[edit]

May Day
May Day
festivities at National Park Seminary
National Park Seminary
in Maryland, 1907.

May Day
May Day
festivities at Longview Park in Rock Island, Illinois, c. 1907 – 1914.

May Day
May Day
was also celebrated by some early European settlers of the American continent. In some parts of the United States, May baskets are made. These are small baskets usually filled with flowers or treats and left at someone's doorstep. The giver rings the bell and runs away.[30] Modern May Day
May Day
ceremonies in the U.S. vary greatly from region to region and many unite both the holiday's "Green Root" (pagan) and "Red Root" (labour) traditions.[31] May Day
May Day
celebrations were common at women's colleges and academic institutions in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, a tradition that continues at Bryn Mawr College[32] and Brenau University[33] to this day. In Minneapolis, the May Day
May Day
Parade and Festival
Festival
is presented annually by In the Heart of the Beast Puppet and Mask Theatre
In the Heart of the Beast Puppet and Mask Theatre
on the first Sunday in May, and draws around 50,000 people to Powderhorn Park.[34] Hawaii[edit] In Hawaii, May Day
May Day
is also known as Lei Day, and it is normally set aside as a day to celebrate island culture in general and the culture of the Native Hawaiians in particular.[35]. Invented by poet and local newspaper columnist Don Blanding, the first Lei Day was celebrated on 1 May 1927 in Honolulu. Leonard "Red" and Ruth Hawk composed "May Day Is Lei Day in Hawai'i," the traditional holiday song.[36] See also[edit]

Holidays portal

Flores de Mayo Beltane, the Gaelic May Day
May Day
festival Fiesta de las Cruces, a holiday celebrated 3 May in many parts of Spain and Hispanic America List of films set around May Day May devotions to the Blessed Virgin Mary Maypole May Queen

References[edit]

^ Aveni, Anthony Aveni (2004). "May Day: A Collision of Forces". The Book of the Year: A Brief History of Our Seasonal Holidays. Oxford: Oxford
Oxford
University Press. pp. 79-89. ^ Foner, Philip S. (1986). May Day: A Short History of the International Workers' Holiday, 1886–1986. New York: International Publishers. pp. 41–43. ISBN 0-7178-0624-3.  ^ Willis, Amy (2017-05-01). "What is May Day
May Day
- and why do we celebrate it?". Metro. Retrieved 2018-01-31.  ^ "Charming May Day
May Day
Baskets". Webcache.googleusercontent.com. April 12, 2014. Retrieved May 1, 2014.  ^ " Special
Special
Devotions for Months". The Catholic Encyclopedia. 1911. Retrieved July 26, 2014.  ^ a b "Saint Joseph". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved July 26, 2014.  ^ E.g. Douglas Todd: " May Day
May Day
dancing celebrates neo-pagan fertility", Vancouver Sun, 1 May 2012: accessed May 8, 2014 ^ Rodney P. Carlisle (2009) Encyclopedia of Play in Today's Society, Volume 1. SAGE [1] ^ Caput XV: De mensibus Anglorum from De mensibus Anglorum. Available online: [2] ^ Blumberg, Antonia (2015-04-30). " Beltane
Beltane
2015: Facts, History And Traditions Of The May Day
May Day
Festival". HuffPost. Retrieved 2017-07-09.  ^ "Beltane". BBC. June 7, 2006. Archived from the original on April 8, 2008. Retrieved July 11, 2017.  ^ Curtis, Polly (February 4, 2011). " Mayday for May Day: Bank Holiday May Move to 'Most Unexceptional of British' October Slot – Minister Says Swap Would Extend Tourist Season But Unions See Tory Plot to Get Rid of Workers' Day". The Guardian. Retrieved May 1, 2013.  ^ Hutton, Ronald (1996). The rise and fall of Merry England
England
(New ed.). Oxford: Oxford
Oxford
university press. pp. 27–8. ISBN 0-19-285447-X.  ^ Idylls of the King : Guinevere, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, 1859 ^ Staff (May 1, 2008). "Jumpers Flout May Day
May Day
Bridge Ban". BBC News. Retrieved May 1, 2013. ^ Steve Cordery. "Kettle Bridge Clogs". Kettle Bridge Clogs. Retrieved May 1, 2014.  ^ http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/beltane ^ http://www.tracscotland.org/sites/default/files/May%20Songs%20and%20Rhymes_0.pdf ^ http://www.scotsdictionary.com/ ^ http://www.tracscotland.org/sites/default/files/May%20Songs%20and%20Rhymes_0.pdf ^ May Day
May Day
in France Timeanddate.com. ^ Hurley, David (April 30, 2013). "Warning issued ahead of Limerick's May Eve bonfires". Limerick Leader. Retrieved May 1, 2016. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ "Festa dos Maios en Lugo".  ^ "turismo01".  ^ Faro de Vigo (April 17, 2015). "La Festa dos Maios contará con más de mil euros en premios".  ^ VIVA CRISTO REY. "Sermón Dominical".  ^ " May Day
May Day
in Poland". Archived from the original on August 15, 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2013.  ^ "Poland's Holidays". Retrieved 1 May 2013.  ^ Francis, Valerie; Miller, Archie (May 1995). Official Programme Celebrating the 125th Anniversary of May Day
May Day
and New Westminster Homecoming Reunion.  ^ Weeks, Lincoln (30 April 2015). "A Forgotten Tradition: May Basket Day". NPR: History Department. National Public Radio. Retrieved 1 May 2017.  ^ Sheehy, Colleen J. (Ed., 1999). Theatre of Wonder: 25 Years in the Heart of the Beast. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.. p. 79-89. ^ "Traditions". Bryn Mawr College. Retrieved 1 May 2017.  ^ Morrison, David (13 April 2012). ""May Day" reunion weekend festivities draw more than 300 to Brenau campus". Brenau University. Retrieved 1 May 2017.  ^ "MayDay · In the Heart of the Beast Puppet and Mask Theatre". In the Heart of the Beast Puppet and Mask Theatre. Retrieved 8 May 2017.  ^ " May Day
May Day
is Lei Day". Flowerleis. Archived from the original on June 29, 2017.  ^ "A History of Lei Day" (PDF). City and Council of Honolulu. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 March 2009. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to May Day.

Meet Thomas Morton of Merrymount Extensive visual, textual and musical studies of American May Day
May Day
customs since the first Maypole
Maypole
Revels were held at the Ma-Re Mount or Merrymount plantation on Massachusetts Bay in May 1627, hosted by Englishman Thomas Morton; and, last year the state of Massachusetts' Governor Deval Patrick proclaimed May 1 as Thomas Morton Day. May Day
May Day
classroom resources "Children Maypole
Maypole
Dancing – Archive Footage" Website with information on modern Hawaiian Lei Day celebration with information on the lei as a traditional Hawaiian cultural art Traditional May Day
May Day
Songs with references Dancing up the Sun – May Day
May Day
Morris Dancing celebrations in North America May Day
May Day
Customs and Celebrations

v t e

Holidays, observances, and celebrations in the United States

January

New Year's Day
New Year's Day
(federal) Martin Luther King Jr. Day
Martin Luther King Jr. Day
(federal)

Confederate Heroes Day (TX) Fred Korematsu Day
Fred Korematsu Day
(CA, FL, HI, VA) Idaho Human Rights Day (ID) Inauguration Day (federal quadrennial, DC area) Kansas Day (KS) Lee–Jackson Day
Lee–Jackson Day
(formerly Lee–Jackson–King Day) (VA) Robert E. Lee Day
Robert E. Lee Day
(FL) Stephen Foster Memorial Day (36) The Eighth (LA, former federal)

January–February

Super Bowl Sunday

February American Heart Month Black History Month

Washington's Birthday/Presidents' Day (federal) Valentine's Day

Georgia Day (GA) Groundhog Day Lincoln's Birthday
Lincoln's Birthday
(CA, CT, IL, IN, MO, NJ, NY, WV) National Girls and Women in Sports Day National Freedom Day (36) Primary Election Day (WI) Ronald Reagan Day
Ronald Reagan Day
(CA) Rosa Parks Day
Rosa Parks Day
(CA, MO) Susan B. Anthony Day
Susan B. Anthony Day
(CA, FL, NY, WI, WV, proposed federal)

February–March

Mardi Gras

Ash Wednesday
Ash Wednesday
(religious) Courir de Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
(religious) Super Tuesday

March Irish-American Heritage Month National Colon Cancer Awareness Month Women's History Month

St. Patrick's Day (religious) Spring break
Spring break
(week)

Casimir Pulaski Day
Casimir Pulaski Day
(IL) Cesar Chavez Day
Cesar Chavez Day
(CA, CO, TX, proposed federal) Evacuation Day (Suffolk County, MA) Harriet Tubman Day
Harriet Tubman Day
(NY) Holi
Holi
(NY, religious) Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
(AL (in two counties), LA) Maryland
Maryland
Day (MD) National Poison Prevention Week
National Poison Prevention Week
(week) Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole Day (HI) Saint Joseph's Day
Saint Joseph's Day
(religious) Seward's Day (AK) Texas Independence Day
Texas Independence Day
(TX) Town Meeting Day (VT)

March–April

Easter
Easter
(religious)

Palm Sunday
Palm Sunday
(religious) Passover
Passover
(religious) Good Friday
Good Friday
(CT, NC, PR, religious) Easter
Easter
Monday (religious)

April Confederate History Month

420 Day April Fools' Day Arbor Day Confederate Memorial Day
Confederate Memorial Day
(AL, MS) Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust
Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust
(week) Earth Day Emancipation Day
Emancipation Day
(DC) Thomas Jefferson's Birthday
Jefferson's Birthday
(AL) Pascua Florida (FL) Patriots' Day
Patriots' Day
(MA, ME) San Jacinto Day
San Jacinto Day
(TX) Siblings Day Walpurgis Night
Walpurgis Night
(religious)

May Asian Pacific American Heritage Month Jewish American Heritage Month

Memorial Day
Memorial Day
(federal) Mother's Day (36) Cinco de Mayo

Harvey Milk Day
Harvey Milk Day
(CA) Law Day (36) Loyalty Day (36) Malcolm X Day
Malcolm X Day
(CA, IL, proposed federal) May Day Military Spouse Day National Day of Prayer
National Day of Prayer
(36) National Defense Transportation Day (36) National Maritime Day (36) Peace Officers Memorial Day
Memorial Day
(36) Truman Day
Truman Day
(MO)

June Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Pride Month

Father's Day (36)

Bunker Hill Day
Bunker Hill Day
(Suffolk County, MA) Carolina Day
Carolina Day
(SC) Emancipation Day
Emancipation Day
In Texas / Juneteenth
Juneteenth
(TX) Flag Day (36, proposed federal) Helen Keller Day
Helen Keller Day
(PA) Honor America Days (3 weeks) Jefferson Davis Day
Jefferson Davis Day
(AL, FL) Kamehameha Day
Kamehameha Day
(HI) Odunde Festival
Festival
(Philadelphia, PA) Senior Week (week) West Virginia Day
West Virginia Day
(WV)

July

Independence Day (federal)

Lā Hoʻihoʻi Ea (HI, unofficial) Parents' Day
Parents' Day
(36) Pioneer Day (UT)

July–August

Summer
Summer
vacation

August

American Family Day (AZ) Barack Obama Day
Barack Obama Day
(IL) Bennington Battle Day (VT) Hawaii
Hawaii
Admission Day / Statehood Day (HI) Lyndon Baines Johnson Day
Lyndon Baines Johnson Day
(TX) National Aviation Day
National Aviation Day
(36) Service Reduction Day (MD) Victory over Japan Day (RI, former federal) Women's Equality Day
Women's Equality Day
(36)

September Prostate Cancer Awareness Month

Labor Day
Labor Day
(federal)

California Admission Day
California Admission Day
(CA) Carl Garner Federal Lands Cleanup Day (36) Constitution Day (36) Constitution Week (week) Defenders Day
Defenders Day
(MD) Gold Star Mother's Day
Gold Star Mother's Day
(36) National Grandparents Day
National Grandparents Day
(36) National Payroll Week (week) Native American Day (CA, TN, proposed federal) Patriot Day
Patriot Day
(36)

September–October Hispanic Heritage Month

Oktoberfest

Rosh Hashanah
Rosh Hashanah
(religious) Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur
(religious)

October Breast Cancer Awareness Month Disability Employment Awareness Month Filipino American History Month LGBT History Month

Columbus Day
Columbus Day
(federal) Halloween

Alaska Day (AK) Child Health Day (36) General Pulaski Memorial Day German-American Day Indigenous Peoples' Day
Indigenous Peoples' Day
(VT) International Day of Non-Violence Leif Erikson Day
Leif Erikson Day
(36) Missouri Day (MO) National School Lunch Week Native American Day (SD) Nevada Day
Nevada Day
(NV) Sweetest Day White Cane Safety Day
White Cane Safety Day
(36)

October–November

Diwali
Diwali
(religious)

November Native American Indian Heritage Month

Veterans Day
Veterans Day
(federal) Thanksgiving (federal)

Day after Thanksgiving (24) Election Day (CA, DE, HI, KY, MT, NJ, NY, OH, PR, WV, proposed federal) Family Day (NV) Hanukkah
Hanukkah
(religious) Lā Kūʻokoʻa (HI, unofficial) Native American Heritage Day (MD, WA) Obama Day
Obama Day
(Perry County, AL)

December

Christmas
Christmas
(religious, federal)

Alabama Day (AL) Christmas
Christmas
Eve (KY, NC, SC) Day after Christmas
Christmas
(KY, NC, SC, TX) Festivus Hanukkah
Hanukkah
(religious, week) Indiana Day
Indiana Day
(IN) Kwanzaa
Kwanzaa
(religious, week) National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day
National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day
(36) New Year's Eve Pan American Aviation Day (36) Rosa Parks Day
Rosa Parks Day
(OH, OR) Wright Brothers Day (36)

Varies (year round)

Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
(religious) Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
(religious) Ramadan
Ramadan
(religious, month)

Legend: (federal) = federal holidays, (state) = state holidays, (religious) = religious holidays, (week) = weeklong holidays, (month) = monthlong holidays, (36) = Title 36 Observances and Ceremonies Bold indicates major holidays commonly celebrated in the United States, which often represent the major celebrations of the month. See also: Lists of holidays, Hallmark holidays, public holidays in the United States, New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands.

v t e

Public holidays in the United Kingdom

All regions

New Year's Day May Bank Holiday Summer
Summer
Bank Holiday Christmas
Christmas
Day Boxing Day

England
England
and Wales

Good Friday Easter
Easter
Monday Spring Bank Holiday

Northern Ireland

Saint Patrick's Day Easter
Easter
Monday Easter
Easter
Tuesday Spring Bank Holiday Battle of the Boyne (Orangemen's Day)

Scotland

2nd January Good Friday St Andrew's Day (optional)

v t e

Public holidays in the Republic of Ireland

New Year's Day Saint Patrick's Day Easter
Easter
Monday May Day June Holiday August Holiday October Holiday Christmas
Christmas
Day S

.