The Info List - Madison, Wisconsin

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MADISON is the capital of the U.S. state
U.S. state
of Wisconsin
and the county seat of Dane County . As of July 1, 2016, Madison's estimated population of 252,551 made it the second largest city in Wisconsin, after Milwaukee
, and the 82nd largest in the United States. The city forms the core of the United States
United States
Bureau 's Madison Metropolitan Statistical Area
Metropolitan Statistical Area
, which includes Dane County and neighboring Iowa
, Green , and Columbia counties. The Madison Metropolitan Statistical Area
Metropolitan Statistical Area
's 2010 population was 568,593.

Founded in 1829 on an isthmus between Lake Monona
Lake Monona
and Lake Mendota
Lake Mendota
, Madison was named the capital of the Wisconsin
Territory in 1836 and became the capital of the state of Wisconsin
when it was admitted to the Union in 1848. That same year, the University of Wisconsin
was founded in Madison and the state government and university have become the city's two largest employers. The city is also known for its lakes, restaurants, and extensive network of parks and bike trails, with much of the park system designed by landscape architect John Nolen .

Since the 1960s, Madison has been a center of political liberalism , influenced in part by the presence of the University of Wisconsin-Madison .


* 1 History

* 1.1 Creation and expansion

* 2 Geography and climate

* 3 Demographics

* 3.1 2010 census * 3.2 Combined Statistical Area
Combined Statistical Area
* 3.3 Religion

* 4 Economy

* 4.1 Business

* 5 Culture

* 5.1 Music

* 5.1.1 Popular bands and musicians * 5.1.2 Music festivals

* 5.2 Art * 5.3 Performing arts * 5.4 Architecture * 5.5 Points of interest * 5.6 Nicknames

* 6 Sports

* 6.1 Current teams

* 7 Government

* 7.1 Emergency services

* 7.1.1 Madison Police Department

* Special
units * Controversy

* 7.1.2 Madison Fire Department

* 7.2 Politics

* 7.2.1 Current politics * 7.2.2 Historical politics * 7.2.3 Political groups and publications

* 7.3 Crime

* 8 Education

* 9 Media

* 9.1 Print * 9.2 Radio * 9.3 TV

* 10 Infrastructure

* 10.1 Bicycling

* 10.2 Transportation

* 10.2.1 Railways * 10.2.2 Buses * 10.2.3 Highways

* 10.3 Utilities

* 11 Notable Madisonians * 12 Sister cities * 13 See also * 14 Notes * 15 References * 16 Further reading * 17 External links


View of Madison from the Water Cure, South Side of Lake Monona, 1855 View of downtown and Capitol from Washington Street, 1865

Madison's origins begin in 1829, when former federal judge James Duane Doty purchased over a thousand acres (4 km²) of swamp and forest land on the isthmus between Lakes Mendota and Monona, with the intention of building a city in the Four Lakes region. He purchased 1,261 acres for $1,500. When the Wisconsin
Territory was created in 1836 the territorial legislature convened in Belmont, Wisconsin
. One of the legislature's tasks was to select a permanent location for the territory's capital. Doty lobbied aggressively for Madison as the new capital, offering buffalo robes to the freezing legislators and promising choice Madison lots at discount prices to undecided voters. He had James Slaughter plat two cities in the area, Madison and "The City
of Four Lakes", near present-day Middleton .

Doty named the city Madison for James Madison
James Madison
, the fourth President of the U.S. who had died on June 28, 1836, and he named the streets for the other 39 signers of the U.S. Constitution . Although the city existed only on paper, the territorial legislature voted on November 28 in favor of Madison as its capital, largely because of its location halfway between the new and growing cities around Milwaukee
in the east and the long established strategic post of Prairie du Chien in the west, and between the highly populated lead mining regions in the southwest and Wisconsin's oldest city, Green Bay , in the northeast. Being named for the much-admired founding father James Madison
James Madison
, who had just died, and having streets named for each of the 39 signers of the Constitution, may have also helped attract votes.


The cornerstone for the Wisconsin
capitol was laid in 1837, and the legislature first met there in 1838. On October 9, 1839, Kintzing Prichett registered the plat of Madison at the registrar's office of the then-territorial Dane County . Madison was incorporated as a village in 1846, with a population of 626. When Wisconsin
became a state in 1848, Madison remained the capital, and the following year it became the site of the University of Wisconsin
(now University of Wisconsin–Madison ). The Milwaukee
margin-right:auto; overflow:hidden; width:auto; max-width:1008px;"> View from Capitol dome taken between 1880 and 1899


Astronaut Photography of the east side of Madison, Wisconsin taken from the International Space Station (ISS) View of Lake Monona from Monona Terrace
Monona Terrace

Madison is located in the center of Dane County in south-central Wisconsin, 77 miles (124 km) west of Milwaukee
and 122 miles (196 km) northwest of Chicago
. The city completely surrounds the smaller Town of Madison , the City
of Monona , and the villages of Maple Bluff and Shorewood Hills . Madison shares borders with its largest suburb, Sun Prairie , and three other suburbs, Middleton , McFarland , and Fitchburg . The city's boundaries also approach the city of Verona and the villages of Cottage Grove , DeForest , and Waunakee .

According to the United States
United States
Bureau , the city has a total area of 94.03 square miles (243.54 km2), of which 76.79 square miles (198.89 km2) is land and 17.24 square miles (44.65 km2) is water.

The city is sometimes described as The City
of Four Lakes, comprising the four successive lakes of the Yahara River : Lake Mendota
Lake Mendota
("Fourth Lake"), Lake Monona
Lake Monona
("Third Lake"), Lake Waubesa ("Second Lake") and Lake Kegonsa
Lake Kegonsa
("First Lake"), although Waubesa and Kegonsa are not actually in Madison, but just south of it. A fifth smaller lake, Lake Wingra , is within the city as well; it is connected to the Yahara River chain by Wingra Creek. The Yahara flows into the Rock River , which flows into the Mississippi River
Mississippi River
. Downtown Madison is located on an isthmus between Lakes Mendota and Monona. The city's trademark of "Lake, City, Lake" reflects this geography.

Local identity varies throughout Madison, with over 120 officially recognized neighborhood associations. Neighborhoods on and near the eastern part of the isthmus, some of the city's oldest, have the strongest sense of identity and are the most politically liberal. Historically, the north, east, and south sides were blue collar while the west side was white collar , and to a certain extent this remains true. Students dominate on the University of Wisconsin
campus and to the east into downtown, while to its south and in Shorewood Hills on its west, faculty have been a major presence since those neighborhoods were originally developed. The turning point in Madison's development was the university's 1954 decision to develop its experimental farm on the western edge of town; since then, the city has grown substantially along suburban lines.

Madison, along with the rest of the state, has a humid continental climate (Köppen : Dfb/Dfa), characterized by variable weather patterns and a large seasonal temperature variance: winter temperatures can be well below freezing, with moderate to occasionally heavy snowfall and temperatures reaching 0 °F (−18 °C) on 17 nights annually; high temperatures in summer average in the lower 80s °F (27–28 °C), reaching 90 °F (32 °C) on an average 12 days per year, often accompanied by high humidity levels. Summer accounts for a greater proportion of annual rainfall, but winter still sees significant precipitation.



RECORD HIGH °F (°C) 58 (14) 68 (20) 83 (28) 94 (34) 101 (38) 101 (38) 107 (42) 102 (39) 99 (37) 90 (32) 77 (25) 65 (18) 107 (42)

AVERAGE HIGH °F (°C) 26.4 (−3.1) 31.1 (−0.5) 43.1 (6.2) 57.3 (14.1) 68.4 (20.2) 77.9 (25.5) 81.6 (27.6) 79.4 (26.3) 71.8 (22.1) 58.9 (14.9) 44.1 (6.7) 30.2 (−1) 55.9 (13.3)

AVERAGE LOW °F (°C) 11.1 (−11.6) 15.1 (−9.4) 24.8 (−4) 35.8 (2.1) 46.1 (7.8) 56.1 (13.4) 61.0 (16.1) 59.0 (15) 50.2 (10.1) 38.8 (3.8) 28.2 (−2.1) 15.9 (−8.9) 36.8 (2.7)

RECORD LOW °F (°C) −37 (−38) −29 (−34) −29 (−34) 0 (−18) 19 (−7) 31 (−1) 36 (2) 35 (2) 25 (−4) 12 (−11) −14 (−26) −28 (−33) −37 (−38)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION INCHES (MM) 1.23 (31.2) 1.45 (36.8) 2.20 (55.9) 3.40 (86.4) 3.55 (90.2) 4.54 (115.3) 4.18 (106.2) 4.27 (108.5) 3.13 (79.5) 2.40 (61) 2.39 (60.7) 1.74 (44.2) 34.48 (875.8)

AVERAGE SNOWFALL INCHES (CM) 12.9 (32.8) 10.6 (26.9) 7.0 (17.8) 2.6 (6.6) 0.2 (0.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.5 (1.3) 3.6 (9.1) 13.5 (34.3) 50.9 (129.3)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.01 IN) 10.2 9.2 10.5 12.1 11.9 11.1 10.6 9.4 9.3 9.8 10.6 10.1 124.8

AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS (≥ 0.1 IN) 9.8 7.9 5.8 2.0 0.2 0 0 0 0 0.5 3.8 8.7 38.7

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 74.5 73.1 71.4 66.3 65.8 68.3 71.0 74.4 76.8 73.2 76.9 78.5 72.5

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 143.0 152.3 187.3 206.7 263.1 293.1 304.9 270.2 213.8 172.5 111.4 109.5 2,427.8

PERCENT POSSIBLE SUNSHINE 49 52 51 51 58 64 66 63 57 50 38 39 54

Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990), The Weather Channel




1840 172

1850 1,525


1860 6,611


1870 9,176


1880 10,324


1890 13,426


1900 19,164


1910 25,531


1920 38,378


1930 57,899


1940 67,447


1950 96,056


1960 126,706


1970 171,809


1980 170,616


1990 191,262


2000 208,054


2010 233,209


EST. 2016 252,551


U.S. Decennial Census

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $41,941, and the median income for a family was $59,840. Males had a median income of $36,718 versus $30,551 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,498. About 5.8% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line , including 11.4% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.


As of the census of 2010, there were 233,209 people, 102,516 households, and 47,824 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,037.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,172.6/km2). There were 108,843 housing units at an average density of 1,417.4 per square mile (547.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 78.9% White , 7.3% African American , 0.4% Native American , 7.4% Asian , 2.9% from other races , and 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.8% of the population.

There were 102,516 households of which 22.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.1% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 53.3% were non-families. 36.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.87.

The median age in the city was 30.9 years. 17.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 19.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 31.4% were from 25 to 44; 21.9% were from 45 to 64; and 9.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.


Madison-Baraboo CSA: Madison MetroSA Baraboo MicroSA

Madison is the larger principal city of the Madison-Baraboo CSA , a Combined Statistical Area
Combined Statistical Area
that includes the Madison metropolitan area (Columbia, Dane, and Iowa
counties) and the Baraboo micropolitan area (Sauk County ), which had a combined population of 630,569 at the 2010 census .


Madison is the episcopal see for the Roman Catholic Diocese of Madison . Saint Raphael\'s Cathedral , damaged by arson in 2005 and demolished in 2008, was the mother church of the diocese. The steeple and spire survived and have been preserved with the intention they could be incorporated in the structure of a replacement building.

The USA's third largest congregation of Unitarian Universalists
Unitarian Universalists
, the First Unitarian Society of Madison
First Unitarian Society of Madison
, makes its home in the historic Unitarian Meeting House, designed by one of its members, Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright

InterVarsity Christian Fellowship
InterVarsity Christian Fellowship
/USA has its headquarters in Madison. Most American Christian movements are represented in the city, including mainline denominations, evangelical, charismatic and fully independent churches, including an LDS stake . The city also has a Buddhist
temple, a Hindu
temple, three mosques and several synagogues , a Bahá\'í community center, a Quaker Meeting House
Quaker Meeting House
, and a Unity Church
Unity Church


state government and the University of Wisconsin–Madison remain the two largest Madison employers. However, Madison's economy today is evolving from a government-based economy to a consumer services and high-tech base, particularly in the health, biotech and advertising sectors. Beginning in the early 1990s, the city experienced a steady economic boom and has been less affected by recession than other areas of the state. Much of the expansion has occurred on the city's south and west sides, but it has also affected the east side near the Interstate 39-90-94 interchange and along the northern shore of Lake Mendota. Underpinning the boom is the development of high-tech companies, many fostered by UW–Madison working with local businesses and entrepreneurs to transfer the results of academic research into real-world applications, especially bio-tech applications.

Many businesses are attracted to Madison's skill base, taking advantage of the area's high level of education. 48.2% of Madison's population over the age of 25 holds at least a bachelor's degree. Forbes
magazine reported in 2004 that Madison has the highest percentage of individuals holding Ph.D.s in the United States. In 2006, the same magazine listed Madison as number 31 in the top 200 metro areas for "Best Places for Business and Careers." Madison has also been named in Forbes
ten Best Cities several times within the past decade. In 2009, in the midst of the late-2000s recession , Madison had an unemployment rate of 3.5% and was ranked number one in a list of "ten cities for job growth".


The largest employer in Madison is the Wisconsin
state government, excluding employees of the University of Wisconsin–Madison
University of Wisconsin–Madison
, and University of Wisconsin
Hospital and Clinics employees, although both groups of workers are state employees.

The University of Wisconsin
Hospital and Clinics is an important regional teaching hospital and regional trauma center, with strengths in transplant medicine, oncology, digestive disorders, and endocrinology. Other Madison hospitals include St. Mary\'s Hospital , Meriter Hospital , and the VA Medical Center .

Madison is home to companies such as Spectrum Brands
Spectrum Brands
(formerly Rayovac
), Alliant Energy , the Credit Union National Association (CUNA), MGE Energy , Aprilaire , and Sub-Zero ">

The main downtown thoroughfare is State Street , which links the University of Wisconsin
campus with the Capitol Square, and is lined with restaurants, espresso cafes, and shops. Only pedestrians, buses, emergency vehicles, delivery vehicles, and bikes are allowed on State Street. The skyline of Madison, with Wisconsin
ANG F-16
jet fighters in the foreground

On Saturday mornings in the summer, the Dane County Farmers\' Market is held around the Capitol Square, the largest producer-only farmers' market in the country. This market attracts numerous vendors who sell fresh produce, meat, cheese, and other products. On Wednesday evenings, the Wisconsin
Chamber Orchestra performs free concerts on the capitol's lawn.

The Great Taste of the Midwest craft beer festival, established in 1987 and the second longest running such event in North America, is held the second Saturday in August. The highly coveted tickets sell out within an hour of going on sale in May.

Madison was host to Rhythm and Booms , a massive fireworks celebration coordinated to music. It began with a fly-over by F-16s from the local Wisconsin
Air National Guard . This celebration was the largest fireworks display in the Midwest in length, number of shells fired, and the size of its annual budget. Effective 2015, the event location was changed to downtown and renamed Shake The Lake. Sailboats approaching the south shore of Lake Mendota
Lake Mendota
and downtown Madison – north side of isthmus

During the winter months, sports enthusiasts enjoy ice-boating, ice skating , ice hockey , ice fishing , cross-country skiing , and snowkiting . During the rest of the year, outdoor recreation includes sailing on the local lakes, bicycling, and hiking.

Madison was named the number one college sports town by Sports Illustrated in 2003. In 2004 it was named the healthiest city in America by Men\'s Journal magazine. Many major streets in Madison have designated bike lanes and the city has one of the most extensive bike trail systems in the nation.

There are many cooperative organizations in the Madison area, ranging from grocery stores (such as the Willy Street Cooperative ) to housing co-ops (such as Madison Community Cooperative and Nottingham Housing Cooperative ) to worker cooperatives (including an engineering firm, a wholesale organic bakery and a cab company).

In 2005, Madison was included in Gregory A. Kompes' book, 50 Fabulous Gay-Friendly Places to Live. The Madison metro area has a higher percentage of gay couples than any other city in the area outside of Chicago
and Minneapolis.

Among the city's neighborhood fairs and celebrations are two large student-driven gatherings, the Mifflin Street Block Party
Mifflin Street Block Party
and the State Street Halloween Party
State Street Halloween Party
. Rioting and vandalism at the State Street gathering in 2004 and 2005 led the city to institute a cover charge for the 2006 celebration. In an attempt to give the event more structure and to eliminate vandalism, the city and student organizations worked together to schedule performances by bands, and to organize activities. The event has been named "Freakfest on State Street." Events such as these have helped contribute to the city's nickname of "Madtown."

In 2009, the Madison Common Council voted to name the plastic pink flamingo as the official city bird.

Also in 2009, Madison ranked No. 2 on Newsmax
magazine's list of the "Top 25 Most Uniquely American Cities and Towns," a piece written by current CBS News
CBS News
travel editor Peter Greenberg
Peter Greenberg

Every April, the Wisconsin
Film Festival
is held in Madison. This five-day event features films from a variety of genres shown in theaters across the city. The University of Wisconsin-Madison
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Arts Institute sponsors the Film Festival.


Madison's vibrant music scene covers a wide spectrum of musical culture.

Several venues offer live music nightly, spreading from the historic Barrymore Theatre and High Noon Saloon on the east side to small coffee houses and wine bars. The biggest headliners usually perform at the Orpheum Theatre, the Overture Center
Overture Center
, Breese Stevens Field
Breese Stevens Field
, the Alliant Energy Center , or the UW Theatre on campus. Other popular rock and pop venues include the Majestic Theatre and the Frequency. During the summer, the Memorial Union Terrace on the University of Wisconsin
campus, offers live music five nights a week. The Union is located on the shores of Lake Mendota
Lake Mendota
and offers beautiful scenery and sunsets. Monona Terrace
Monona Terrace
Community & Convention Center, located in the heart of downtown, also hosts free rooftop concerts during the summer months.

The Madison Scouts Drum and Bugle Corps has provided youth aged 16–22 opportunities to perform across North America
North America
every summer since 1938. The University of Wisconsin
Marching Band is a popular marching band .

Popular Bands And Musicians

The band Garbage formed in Madison in 1994, and has sold 17 million albums.

Madison has a lively independent rock scene, and local independent record labels include Crustacean Records , Science of Sound, Kind Turkey Records, and Art Paul Schlosser Inc. A Dr. Demento and weekly live karaoke favorite is The Gomers , who have a Madison Mayoral Proclamation named after them. They have performed with fellow Wisconsin
residents Les Paul
Les Paul
and Steve Miller .

Madison is also home to other nationally known artists such as Paul Kowert of Punch Brothers
Punch Brothers
, Mama Digdown\'s Brass Band , Clyde Stubblefield of Funky Drummer
Funky Drummer
and James Brown
James Brown
fame, and musicians Roscoe Mitchell , Richard Davis , Ben Sidran , Sexy Ester and the Pretty Mama Sisters , Reptile Palace Orchestra , Ted Park , DJ Pain 1 , Killdozer , Zola Jesus
Zola Jesus
, Caustic , PHOX , and Lou "> Wisconsin State Capitol

The Wisconsin
State Capitol dome was modeled after the dome of the U.S. Capitol , and was erected on the high point of the isthmus. Visible throughout the Madison area, a state law limits building heights within one mile (1.6 km) of the structure to 1,032.8 feet (314.8 meters) above sea level to preserve the view of the building in most areas of the city. Capitol Square is located in Madison's urban core, and is well-integrated with everyday pedestrian traffic and commerce. State Street and East Washington offer excellent views of the capitol.

Architect Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright
spent much of his childhood in Madison and studied briefly at the university. Buildings in Madison designed by Wright include Usonian House, and the Unitarian Meeting House . Monona Terrace
Monona Terrace
, now a convention and community center overlooking Lake Monona, was created by Anthony Puttnam—a student of Wright's—based on a 1957 Wright design. The Harold C. Bradley House in the University Heights neighborhood was designed collaboratively by Louis H. Sullivan and George Grant Elmslie
George Grant Elmslie
in 1908–10, and now serves as the Sigma Phi Fraternity. Harold C. Bradley House
Harold C. Bradley House

The Overture Center
Overture Center
for the Arts , opened 2004, and the adjacent Madison Museum of Contemporary Art, opened 2006, on State Street near the capitol were designed by architect César Pelli
César Pelli
. Located within the Overture Center
Overture Center
are Overture Hall, Capitol Theater, and The Playhouse. Its modernist style, with simple expanses of glass framed by stone, was designed to complement nearby historic building facades.

The architectural firm Claude and Starck
Claude and Starck
designed over 175 Madison buildings, and many are still standing, including Breese Stevens Field , Doty School (now condominiums), and many private residences.

Architecture on the University of Wisconsin
campus includes many buildings designed or supervised by the firm J. T. W. Jennings , such as the Dairy Barn and Agricultural Hall, or by architect Arthur Peabody , such as the Memorial Union and Carillon Tower. Several campus buildings erected in the 1960s followed the brutalist style. In 2005 the university embarked on a major redevelopment at the east end of its campus. The plan called for the razing of nearly a dozen 1950s to 1970s vintage buildings; the construction of new dormitories, administration, and classroom buildings; as well as the development of a new pedestrian mall extending to Lake Mendota. The campus now includes 12 to 14-story buildings.


Monona Terrace, as seen from Lake Monona
Lake Monona
The Thai pavilion at Olbrich Botanical Gardens
Olbrich Botanical Gardens
Gates of Heaven Synagogue (1863) at James Madison
James Madison
Park Skyline of Madison, as seen from Picnic Point

* Alliant Energy Center / Veteran's Memorial Coliseum and Exhibition Hall * Camp Randall Stadium
Camp Randall Stadium
* Chazen Museum of Art
Chazen Museum of Art
* Madison Museum of Contemporary Art * Madison Children\'s Museum * Henry Vilas Zoo * The Kohl Center
Kohl Center
* Mifflin Street, home to the annual Mifflin Street Block Party
Mifflin Street Block Party
* Monona Terrace
Monona Terrace
Community and Convention Center designed by Frank Lloyd Wright * Memorial Union * Olbrich Botanical Gardens
Olbrich Botanical Gardens
* Overture Center
Overture Center
for the Arts * Gates of Heaven , the eighth-oldest surviving synagogue building in the U.S. * State Street * Williamson ("Willy") Street * Smart Studios
Smart Studios
, Butch Vig
Butch Vig
and Steve Marker 's longtime studio where many notable alternative rock records of the 1990s and 2000s were recorded and/or produced * Unitarian Meeting House , another notable "> Men's ice hockey game in the Kohl Center
Kohl Center

Madison's reputation as a sports city exists largely because of the University of Wisconsin. In 2004 Sports Illustrated
Sports Illustrated
on Campus named Madison the #1 college sports town in the nation. Scott Van Pelt also proclaimed Madison the best college sports town in America.

The UW–Madison
teams play their home-field sporting events in venues in and around Madison. The football team plays at Camp Randall Stadium . In 2005 a renovation added 72 luxury suites and increased the stadium's capacity to 80,321, although crowds of as many as 83,000 have attended games. The basketball and hockey teams play at the Kohl Center . Construction on the $76 million arena was completed in 1997. In 2006, the men's and women's Badger hockey teams won NCAA
Division I championships, and the women repeated with a second consecutive national championship in 2007. Some events are played at the county-owned Alliant Energy Center (formerly Dane County Memorial Coliseum) and the University-owned Wisconsin
Field House .

Despite Madison's strong support for college sports, it has proven to be an inhospitable home for professional baseball. The Madison Muskies , a Class A, Midwest League
Midwest League
affiliate of the Oakland A\'s , left town in 1993 after 11 seasons. The Madison Hatters , another Class A, Midwest League
Midwest League
team, played in Madison for only the 1994 season. The Madison Black Wolf , an independent Northern League franchise lasted five seasons (1996–2000), before decamping for Lincoln, Nebraska
Lincoln, Nebraska
. Madison is home to the Madison Mallards , a college wood-bat summer baseball league team in the Northwoods League
Northwoods League
. They play in Warner Park on the city's north side from June to August.

The now defunct Indoor Football League's Madison Mad Dogs
Madison Mad Dogs
were once located in the city. In 2009 indoor football returned to Madison as the Continental Indoor Football League
Continental Indoor Football League
's Wisconsin
Wolfpack , who call the Alliant Energy Center home.

Madison was once home to the semi-pro Madison Mustangs football team who played at Warner Park
Warner Park
and Camp Randall Stadium
Camp Randall Stadium
in the 1960s and 1970s. Madison is once again home to a Madison Mustangs semi-pro football team that is part of the Ironman Football League. Games are typically played on Saturday during the summer months, with the home field being Middleton High School. The Mustangs have the nation's longest active winning streak at 49 games, and have won 4 straight Ironman Football League championships.

The Wisconsin
Wolves is a women's semi-pro football team based in Madison that plays in the IWFL Independent Women\'s Football League . The Wolves home field is located at Middleton High School.

The Blackhawk Ski Club, formed in 1947, provides ski jumping, cross country skiing and alpine skiing. The club's programs have produced several Olympic ski jumpers, two Olympic ski jumping coaches and one Olympic ski jumping director. The club had the first Nordic ski facility with lighted night jumping.

The Madison 56ers
Madison 56ers
is a Madison amateur soccer team in the National Premier Soccer
League . They play in Breese Stevens Field
Breese Stevens Field
on East Washington Avenue.

Madison has several active ultimate (sport) disc leagues organized through the nonprofit Madison Ultimate Frisbee Association. In 2013, the Madison Radicals, a professional ultimate frisbee team, debuted in the city.

Madison is home to the Wisconsin
Rugby Club, the 1998 and 2013 USA Rugby Division II National Champions, and the Wisconsin
Women\'s Rugby Football Club , the state's only Division I women's rugby team. The city also has men's and women's rugby clubs at UW–Madison, in addition to four high school boys' teams and one high school girls' team. The most recent addition to the Madison rugby community, Madison Minotaurs Rugby Club, is composed largely of gay players and is Wisconsin's first and only IGRAB team, but is open to any player with any experience level. All ten teams play within the Wisconsin
Rugby Football Union, the Midwest Rugby Union and USA Rugby.

Nearly 100 women participate in the adult women's ice hockey teams based in Madison (Thunder, Lightning, Freeze, UW–B and C teams), which play in the Women's Central Hockey League. The Madison Gay Hockey Association is also in Madison.

The Madison Curling Club was founded in 1921. Team Spatola of the Madison Curling Club won the 2014 Women's US National Championship. Team members are: Nina Spatola, Becca Hamilton, Tara Peterson, Sophie Brorson.

Madison's Gaelic sports club offers a hurling team organized as The Hurling
Club of Madison , and a Gaelic football club, with men's and women's teams. These are amateur teams with open membership.

The roller derby league, Mad Rollin\' Dolls , was formed in Madison in 2004 and is a member of the Women\'s Flat Track Derby Association .

Madison is home to several endurance sports racing events, such as the Crazylegs Classic , Paddle and Portage, the Mad City
Marathon , and Ironman Wisconsin, which attracts over 45,000 spectators.

In 2014, the Madison Capitols began play in the United States
United States
Hockey League . The Capitols play their home games at Veterans Memorial Coliseum at the Alliant Energy Center . NHL player and Wisconsin Badgers alumnus Ryan Suter is a member of the team's ownership group.

As of 2017, the Reebok CrossFit Games
CrossFit Games
will be held at the Alliant Energy Center . After seven years at the StubHub Center
StubHub Center
in Carson, California, the Games will move to a new location for at least the next three years. CrossFit
chose the multi-building entertainment venue, which encompasses 164 acres, after posting a national request for proposals. The Dane County campus will be home to the Reebok CrossFit Games
CrossFit Games
in 2017, 2018 and 2019.



Big Ten
Div.1 23 Varsity Teams Camp Randall Stadium
Camp Randall Stadium
, Kohl Center
Kohl Center
1849 27

MADISON COLLEGE WOLFPACK N4C , NJCAA Div.3 8 varsity teams Redsten Gymnasium , Roberts Field 1912 21

Rugby Club Sports Complex 1962 2

Div.3 16 varsity teams Edgedome 1974 35

Warner Park
Warner Park
2001 2

Breese Stevens Field
Breese Stevens Field
2005 0

MADISON MINOTAURS WRFU Rugby Yahara Rugby Field 2007 0

MADISON RADICALS AUDL Ultimate Breese Stevens Field
Breese Stevens Field
2013 0

MADISON CAPITOLS USHL Hockey Alliant Energy Center 2014 0

Roller derby
Alliant Energy Center 2004 0


Madison has a mayor-council system of government. Madison's city council , known as the Common Council , consists of 20 members, one from each district. The mayor is elected in a citywide vote.

Madison is represented by Mark Pocan
Mark Pocan
(D) in the United States
United States
House of Representatives , and by Ron Johnson (R) and Tammy Baldwin
Tammy Baldwin
(D) in the United States
United States
Senate . Mark F. Miller (D) and Fred Risser (D) represent Madison in the Wisconsin
State Senate , and Robb Kahl (D), Melissa Sargent (D), Chris Taylor (D), Terese Berceau (D), and Lisa Subeck (D) represent Madison in the Wisconsin
State Assembly .


Madison Police Department

Madison Police patch

The Madison Police Department is the law enforcement agency in the city. It has been led by Chief Michael Koval since 2014. The department has five districts: Central, East, North, South, and West, with a sixth "Midtown" District set to open in 2017.


* K9 Unit * Crime Scene Unit * Forensic Unit * Narcotics and Gangs Task Force * Parking Enforcement * Traffic Enforcement Safety Team * S.W.A.T Team * Special
Events Team * C.O.P.S (Safety Education) * Mounted Patrol * Crime Stoppers * Amigos en Azul


The Madison Police Department was criticized for absolving Officer Steve Heimsness of any wrongdoing in the November 2012 shooting death of an unarmed man, Paul Heenan. The department's actions resulted in community protests, including demands that the shooting be examined and reviewed by an independent investigative body. WisconsinWatch.org called into question the MPD's facts and findings, stating that the use of deadly force by Heimsness was unwarranted. There were calls for an examination of the Madison Police Department's rules of engagement and due process for officers who use lethal force in the line of duty.

Community criticism of the department's practices resurfaced after MPD officer Matt Kenny shot Tony Robinson , an unarmed man. The shooting was particularly controversial given the context of the ongoing Black Lives Matter
Black Lives Matter
movement. Due to new Wisconsin
state legislation that addresses the mechanisms under which officer-on-civilian violence is handled by state prosecutors, proceedings were handed over to a special unit of the Wisconsin Department of Justice in Madison. On March 27, 2015, the state concluded its investigation and gave its findings to Ismael Ozanne, the district attorney of Dane County. On May 12, 2015, the shooting was determined to be justified self-defense by Ozanne.

Madison Fire Department

The Madison Fire Department (MFD) provides fire protection and emergency medical services to the city. The MFD operates out of 13 fire stations, with a fleet of 11 engines, 5 ladders, 2 rescue squads, 2 hazmat units, a lake rescue team and 8 ambulances. The MFD also provides mutual aid to surrounding communities.


State Capitol atop Madison's isthmus

voters have supported the Democratic Party in national elections in the last half-century, and a liberal and progressive majority is generally elected to the city council. Detractors often refer to Madison as The People\'s Republic of Madison, the "Left Coast of Wisconsin" or as "77 square miles surrounded by reality." This latter phrase was coined by former Wisconsin
Republican governor Lee S. Dreyfus , while campaigning in 1978, as recounted by campaign aide Bill Kraus. In 2013, there was a motion in the city council to turn Dreyfus' insult into the official city "punchline," but it was voted down by the city council.

The city's voters are generally much more liberal than voters in the rest of Wisconsin. For example, 76% of Madison voters voted against a 2006 state constitutional amendment to ban gay marriage , even though the ban passed statewide with 59% of the vote.

Current Politics

Madison city politics remain dominated by activists of liberal and progressive ideologies. In 1992, a local third party, Progressive Dane , was founded. City
policies supported in the Progressive Dane platform have included an inclusionary zoning ordinance, later abandoned by the mayor and a majority of the city council, and a city minimum wage. The party holds several seats on the Madison City Council and Dane County Board of Supervisors, and is aligned variously with the Democratic and Green parties.

In early 2011, Madison was the site for large protests against a bill proposed by Governor Scott Walker that abolished almost all collective bargaining for public worker unions. The protests at the capitol ranged in size from 10,000 to over 100,000 people and lasted for several months.

Historical Politics

In the 1960s and 1970s, the Madison counterculture was centered in the neighborhood of Mifflin and Bassett streets, referred to as "Miffland". The area contained many three-story apartments where students and counterculture youth lived, painted murals, and operated the co-operative grocery store, the Mifflin Street Co-op. Residents of the neighborhood often came into conflict with authorities, particularly during the administration of Republican mayor Bill Dyke . Dyke was viewed by students as a direct antagonist in efforts to protest the Vietnam War
Vietnam War
because of his efforts to suppress local protests. The annual Mifflin Street Block Party
Mifflin Street Block Party
became a focal point for protest, although by the late 1970s it had become a mainstream community party.

During the late 1960s and early 1970s, thousands of students and other citizens took part in anti- Vietnam War
Vietnam War
marches and demonstrations , with more violent incidents drawing national attention to the city and UW campus. These include:

* the 1967 student protest of Dow Chemical Company
Dow Chemical Company
, with 74 injured; * the 1969 strike to secure greater representation and rights for African-American students and faculty, which resulted in the involvement of the Wisconsin
Army National Guard ; * the 1970 fire that caused damage to the Army ROTC
headquarters housed in the Old Red Gym, also known as the Armory; and * the 1970 late summer predawn ANFO
bombing of the Army Mathematics Research Center in Sterling Hall, killing a postdoctoral researcher, Robert Fassnacht. (See Sterling Hall bombing )

These protests were the subject of the documentary The War at Home . David Maraniss
David Maraniss
's book, They Marched into Sunlight
They Marched into Sunlight
, incorporated the 1967 Dow protests into a larger Vietnam War
Vietnam War
narrative. Tom Bates wrote the book Rads on the subject (ISBN 0-06-092428-4 ). Bates wrote that Dyke's attempt to suppress the annual Mifflin Street block party "would take three days, require hundreds of officers on overtime pay, and engulf the student community from the nearby Southeast Dorms to Langdon Street's fraternity row. Tear gas
Tear gas
hung like heavy fog across the Isthmus." In the fracas, student activist Paul Soglin , then a city alderman , was arrested twice and taken to jail . Soglin was later elected mayor of Madison, serving from 1973 to 1979, 1989 to 1997, and is the current mayor, elected again in April 2011. During his middle term he led the construction of the Frank Lloyd Wright designed Monona Terrace
Monona Terrace

Political Groups And Publications

Madison is home to the Freedom from Religion Foundation
Freedom from Religion Foundation
, a non-profit organization that promotes the separation of church and state . The largest national organization advocating for non-theists, FFRF is known for its lawsuits against religious displays on public property and for advocating removal of " In God We Trust
In God We Trust
" from American currency . The group publishes a monthly newspaper, Freethought Today.

Madison is associated with "Fighting Bob" La Follette and the Progressive movement . La Follette's magazine, The Progressive
The Progressive
, founded in 1909, is still published in Madison.



1976 6 114 2292

1977 4 122 2440

1986 3 211 1988

1996 1 301 1389

1999 6 265 1356

2000 4 286 1267

2001 6 295 1358

2002 5 269 1570

2003 6 282 1611

2004 3 292 1467

2005 3 330 1462

2006 4 435 1627

2007 8 410 2059

2008 10 368 2038

2009 4 364 1523

2010 2 333 1652

2011 7 272 1446

2012 3 249 1594

2013 5 301 1360

2014 5 225 1126

2015 6 222 1208

In 2008, Men's Health magazine ranked Madison as the "Least Armed and Dangerous" city in the United States
United States
in an article about "Where Men Are Targets". There were 53 homicides reported by Madison Police from 2000 to 2009. The highest total was 10 in 2008. Police reported 28 murders from 2010 to 2015, with the highest year being 7 murders in 2011.


University of Wisconsin–Madison
University of Wisconsin–Madison

According to Forbes
magazine, Madison ranks second in the nation in education. The Madison Metropolitan School District serves the city and surrounding area. With an enrollment of approximately 25,000 students in 46 schools, it is the second largest school district in Wisconsin
behind the Milwaukee
School District . The five public high schools are James Madison
James Madison
Memorial , Madison West , Madison East , La Follette , and Malcolm Shabazz City
High School , an alternative school.

Among private church-related high schools are Abundant Life Christian School , Edgewood High School , located near the Edgewood College campus, and St. Ambrose Academy , a Catholic school offering grades 6 through 12. Madison Country Day School is a private high school with no religious affiliation.

The city is home to the University of Wisconsin–Madison
University of Wisconsin–Madison
, Edgewood College , Madison Area Technical College , and Madison Media Institute , giving the city a post-secondary student population of nearly 50,000. The University of Wisconsin
accounts for the vast majority of students, with an enrollment of roughly 41,000, of whom 30,750 are undergraduates. In a Forbes
magazine city ranking from 2003, Madison had the highest number of Ph.D.s per capita, and third highest college graduates per capita, among cities in the United States.

Additional degree programs are available through satellite campuses of Cardinal Stritch University
Cardinal Stritch University
, Concordia University- Wisconsin
, Globe University , Lakeland College , the University of Phoenix
University of Phoenix
, and Upper Iowa University . Madison also has a non-credit learning community with multiple programs and many private businesses also offering classes.



Further information: List of Wisconsin
magazines and List of Wisconsin
daily newspapers

Madison is home to an extensive and varied number of print publications, reflecting the city's role as the state capital and its diverse political, cultural and academic population. The Wisconsin State Journal (weekday circulation: ~95,000; Sundays: ~155,000) is published in the mornings, while its sister publication, The Capital Times (Thursday supplement to the Journal) is published online daily, with two printed editions a week. Though jointly operated under the name Capital Newspapers , the Journal is owned by the national chain Lee Enterprises
Lee Enterprises
, and the Times is independently owned. Wisconsin State Journal is the descendant of the Wisconsin
Express, a paper founded in the Wisconsin
Territory in 1839. The Capital Times was founded in 1917 by William T. Evjue, a business manager for the State Journal who disagreed with that paper's editorial criticisms of Wisconsin
Republican Senator Robert M. La Follette, Sr.
Robert M. La Follette, Sr.
for his opposition to U.S. entry into World War I
World War I

The free weekly alternative newspaper Isthmus (weekly circulation: ~65,000) was founded in Madison in 1976. The Onion
The Onion
, a satirical weekly, was founded in Madison in 1988 and published from there until it moved to New York in 2001. Two student newspapers are published during the academic year, The Daily Cardinal
The Daily Cardinal
(Mon-Fri circulation: ~10,000) and The Badger Herald
The Badger Herald
(Mon-Fri circulation: ~16,000). Other specialty print publications focus on local music, politics and sports, including The Capital City
Hues, The Madison Times, Madison Magazine, The Simpson Street Free Press, Umoja Magazine, and fantasy sports web site RotoWire.com . Local community blogs include Althouse and dane101.

The Progressive
The Progressive
, published in Madison, is a left-wing periodical that may be best known for the attempt of the U.S. government in 1979 to suppress one of its articles before publication. The magazine eventually prevailed in the landmark First Amendment case, United States v. The Progressive, Inc. During the 1970s, there were two radical weeklies published in Madison, known as TakeOver and Free for All, as well as a Madison edition of the Bugle-American underground newspaper .


Further information: List of radio stations in Wisconsin

Madison has three large media companies that own the majority of the commercial radio stations within the market. These companies consist of iHeartMedia , Entercom
Communications, and Mid-West Family Broadcasting as well as other smaller broadcasters. Madison is home to Mid-West Family Broadcasting , which is an independently owned broadcasting company that originated and is headquartered in Madison. Mid-West family owns radio stations throughout the state and the Midwest.

Madison hosts two volunteer-operated and community-oriented radio stations, WORT
Community Radio (89.9 FM), founded in 1975, is one of the oldest volunteer-powered radio stations in the United States. A listener-sponsored community radio station, WORT offers locally produced diverse music and talk programming. WSUM (91.7 FM) is a free-form student radio station programmed and operated almost entirely by students.

Madison's Wisconsin
Public Radio station, WHA , was one of the first radio stations in the nation to begin broadcasting, and remains the longest continuously broadcasting station in the nation. Widely heard public radio programs that originate at the WPR studios include Michael Feldman\'s Whad\'Ya Know? , Zorba Pastor On Your Health, To the Best of Our Knowledge and Calling All Pets.

WXJ-87 is the NOAA Weather Radio All Hazards station located on Madison's west side, with broadcasts originating from the National Weather Service in Sullivan, Wisconsin


Further information: List of television stations in Wisconsin

Madison has five commercial and two public television stations. The commercial stations consist of WISC-TV "News 3" ( CBS
), WMTV-TV "NBC 15" ( NBC
), WKOW-TV "27 News" (ABC ), WMSN-TV
"FOX 47" (Fox ), and WIFS "Wisconsin's 57" (independent). Madison has two public television stations: WHA-TV , which is owned by the University of Wisconsin–Extension , airs throughout the state, with the exception of Milwaukee
, and Madison City
Channel, which is owned and operated by the City
of Madison covering city governmental affairs.



In 2015 Madison was awarded platinum level Bicycle Friendly Community designation from the League of American Bicyclists, one of only five cities in the US to receive this (highest) level.


Madison is served by the Dane County Regional Airport , which serves nearly 1.6 million passengers annually. Most major general aviation operations take place at Morey Field
Morey Field
in Middleton 15 miles (24 km) from Madison's city center. Madison Metro
Madison Metro
operates bus routes throughout the city and to some neighboring suburbs. Madison has four taxicab companies (Union, Badger, Madison and Green), and several companies provide specialized transit for individuals with disabilities.


Passenger train service between Madison and Chicago
, on the Sioux and the Varsity , provided by the Milwaukee
Road , ended in 1971 with Amtrak
absorbing passenger train services. Prior to 1960, the Sioux train offered service west to Rapid City, South Dakota
Rapid City, South Dakota
. Until the 1950s the Chicago
and North Western Railway operated passenger trains through the city. A high-speed rail route from Chicago
through Milwaukee
and Madison to Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minnesota
Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minnesota
, was proposed as part of the Midwest Regional Rail Initiative
Midwest Regional Rail Initiative
. Funding for the railway connecting Madison to Milwaukee
was approved in January 2010, but Governor-elect Scott Walker's opposition to the project led the Federal Railroad Administration
Federal Railroad Administration
to retract the $810 million in funding and reallocate it to other projects. The nearest passenger train station is in Columbus, Wisconsin
, 28 miles (45 km) away to the northeast. There, the eastbound Empire Builder
Empire Builder
provides daily service to Milwaukee
and Chicago, and the westbound Empire Builder
Empire Builder
provides daily service to Portland, Oregon
Portland, Oregon
and Seattle, Washington
Seattle, Washington
. WSOR number 4025 painted for the railroad's 25th anniversary, seen in Madison July 23, 2005

Railroad freight services are provided to Madison by Wisconsin
and Southern Railroad (WSOR) and Canadian Pacific Railway
Canadian Pacific Railway
(CP). Wisconsin border:solid #aaa 1px">

* Geography portal * North America
North America
portal * United States
United States
portal * Wisconsin

* List of tallest buildings in Madison


* ^ Official records for Madison were kept at downtown from January 1869 to December 1946 and KMSN since January 1947. For more information, see ThreadEx


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Fiber draws Madisonian support " Google
Fiber draws Madisonian support"


* Bates, Tom, Rads: The 1970 Bombing of the Army Math Research Center at the University of Wisconsin–Madison
University of Wisconsin–Madison
and Its Aftermath (1993) ISBN 0-06-092428-4 * Durrie, Daniel S. A History of Madison, the Capital of Wisconsin; Including the Four Lake Country. Madison: Atwood & Culver, 1874. * Madison, Dane County and Surrounding Towns. Madison: Wm. J. Park padding:0.75em; background:#f9f9f9;"> Find more aboutMADISON, WISCONSINat's sister projects

* Definitions from Wiktionary * Media from Commons * News from Wikinews * Quotations from Wikiquote * Texts from Wikisource * Textbooks from Wikibooks * Travel guide from Wikivoyage * Learning resources from Wikiversity

* Official website * Greater Madison Convention ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Madison, Wisconsin
metropolitan area

Surrounding communities

(OVER 10,000)

* Fitchburg ° * Middleton ° * Stoughton ° * Sun Prairie ° * Verona ° * Waunakee ‡

(UNDER 10,000)

* Arena ‡ * Arlington ‡ * Ashton Corners † * Blooming Grove * * Barneveld ‡ * Bristol * * Burke * * Columbus ‡ * Cottage Grove ‡ * DeForest ‡ * Dunkirk * * Dodgeville ° * Dunn * * Hope † * Lodi ‡ * Lake Wisconsin
§ * Madison * * Maple Bluff ‡ * McFarland ‡ * Mt Horeb ‡ * Monona ° * Montrose * * Oregon
‡ * Pardeville ‡ * Pleasant Springs * * Portage ° * Poynette ‡ * Ridgeway ‡ * Shorewood Hills ‡ * Springfield * * Westport * * Wisconsin
Dells ° * Windsor ‡ * Wyocena *


* Columbia * Dane * Green * Iowa

*town ‡village °city §CDP †unincorporated community

* v * t * e

Municipalities and communities of Dane County, Wisconsin
, United States

County seat
County seat


* Edgerton ‡ * Fitchburg * Madison * Middleton * Monona * Stoughton * Sun Prairie * Verona


* Belleville ‡ * Black Earth * Blue Mounds * Brooklyn ‡ * Cambridge ‡ * Cottage Grove * Cross Plains * Dane * Deerfield * DeForest * Maple Bluff * Marshall * Mazomanie * McFarland * Mount Horeb * Oregon
* Rockdale * Shorewood Hills * Waunakee * Windsor


* Albion * Berry * Black Earth * Blooming Grove * Blue Mounds * Bristol * Burke * Christiana * Cottage Grove * Cross Plains * Dane * Deerfield * Dunkirk * Dunn * Madison * Mazomanie * Medina * Middleton * Montrose * Oregon
* Perry * Pleasant Springs * Primrose * Roxbury * Rutland * Springdale * Springfield * Sun Prairie * Vermont
* Verona * Vienna * Westport * York

Unincorporated communities

* Albion * Aldens Corners * Ashton * Ashton Corners * Bakers Corners * Basco * Burke * Daleyville * Deansville * Door Creek * Dunkirk * East Bristol * Elvers * Five Points * Forward * Hanerville * Highwood * Hillside * Hoffman Corners * Hope * Indian Heights * Kegonsa * Kingsley Corners * Klevenville * Lake Windsor * London ‡ * Lutheran Hill * Martinsville * Marxville * Middleton Junction * Montrose * Morrisonville * Mount Vernon * Nora * North Bristol * Norway
Grove * Old Deerfield * Paoli * Pierceville * Pine Bluff * Primrose * Riley * Roxbury * Rutland * Schey Acres * Seminary Springs * Springfield Corners * Stone * Token Creek * Utica * Vermont
* Vilas * West Middleton * York Center


* Fitchburg Center * Oak Hall

Indian reservation

* Ho-Chunk Indian Reservation ‡

FOOTNOTES ‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

* v * t * e

State of Wisconsin

MADISON (capital)


* History * Governors * Delegations * Sports * People * Geography * Tourist attractions


* Culture * Crime * Demographics * Economy * Education * Politics


* Apostle Islands * Central Plain * Central Wisconsin
* Chippewa Valley * Door Peninsula
Door Peninsula
* Driftless Area
Driftless Area
* Eastern Ridges and Lowlands * Fox River Valley * Great River Road
Great River Road
* Lake Superior Lowland
Lake Superior Lowland
* Northern Highland
Northern Highland
* Western Upland

Major metropolitan areas (pop. over 500,000)

* Chicago
metropolitan area * Madison metropolitan area * Milwaukee
metropolitan area * Twin Cities metropolitan area

Largest cities (pop. over 50,000)

* Appleton * Eau Claire * Green Bay * Janesville * Kenosha * La Crosse * Madison * Milwaukee
* Oshkosh * Racine * Waukesha * West Allis

Smaller cities (pop. 15,000 to 50,000)

* Beaver Dam * Beloit * Brookfield * Cudahy * De Pere * Fitchburg * Fond du Lac * Franklin * Greenfield * Hudson * Kaukauna * Manitowoc * Marshfield * Menasha * Menomonie * Mequon * Middleton * Muskego * Neenah * New Berlin * Oak Creek * Oconomowoc * Onalaska * River Falls * Sheboygan * South Milwaukee
* Stevens Point * Sun Prairie * Superior * Watertown * Wausau * Wauwatosa * West Bend * Wisconsin

Largest villages (pop. over 15,000)

* Ashwaubenon * Caledonia * Germantown * Howard * Menomonee Falls * Mount Pleasant * Pleasant Prairie


* Adams * Ashland * Barron * Bayfield * Brown * Buffalo * Burnett * Calumet * Chippewa * Clark * Columbia * Crawford * Dane * Dodge * Door * Douglas * Dunn * Eau Claire * Florence * Fond du Lac * Forest * Grant * Green * Green Lake * Iowa
* Iron * Jackson * Jefferson * Juneau * Kenosha * Kewaunee * La Crosse * Lafayette * Langlade * Lincoln * Manitowoc * Marathon * Marinette * Marquette * Menominee * Milwaukee
* Monroe * Oconto * Oneida * Outagamie * Ozaukee * Pepin * Pierce * Polk * Portage * Price * Racine * Richland * Rock * Rusk * Sauk * Sawyer * Shawano * Sheboygan * St. Croix * Taylor * Trempealeau * Vernon * Vilas * Walworth * Washburn * Washington * Waukesha * Waupaca * Waushara * Winnebago * Wood

* v * t * e

Capitals of the United States
United States
by jurisdiction


* US Washington


* AL Montgomery * AK Juneau * AZ Phoenix * AR Little Rock * CA Sacramento * CO Denver
* CT Hartford * DE Dover * FL Tallahassee * GA Atlanta
* HI Honolulu
* ID Boise * IL Springfield * IN Indianapolis
* IA Des Moines * KS Topeka * KY Frankfort * LA Baton Rouge * ME Augusta * MD Annapolis * MA Boston
* MI Lansing * MN Saint Paul * MS Jackson * MO Jefferson City
* MT Helena * NE Lincoln * NV Carson City
* NH Concord * NJ Trenton * NM Santa Fe * NY Albany * NC Raleigh * ND Bismarck * OH Columbus * OK Oklahoma
* OR Salem * PA Harrisburg * RI Providence * SC Columbia * SD Pierre * TN Nashville * TX Austin * UT Salt Lake City
* VT Montpelier * VA Richmond * WA Olympia * WV Charleston * WI Madison * WY Cheyenne


* AS Pago Pago
Pago Pago
* GU Hagåtña
* MP Saipan
* PR San Juan * VI Charlotte Amalie

* v * t * e

James Madison
James Madison

* 4th President of the United States
United States
(1809–1817) * 5th U.S. Secretary of State (1801–1809) * United States
United States
House of Representatives (1789–1797) * Congress of the Confederation
Congress of the Confederation
(1781–1783) * Virginia
House of Delegates (1776–1779, 1784–1786)

"Father of the Constitution"

* Co-wrote, 1776 Virginia
Constitution * 1786 Annapolis Convention

* 1787 Constitutional Convention

* Virginia
Plan * Constitution of the United States
United States
* Notes of Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787

* The Federalist Papers
The Federalist Papers

* written by Madison * No. 10 * No. 51

* Virginia
Ratifying Convention

* United States
United States
Bill of Rights

* 27th amendment

* Constitution drafting and ratification timeline * Founding Fathers


* First inauguration * Second inauguration

* Tecumseh\'s War

* Battle of Tippecanoe
Battle of Tippecanoe

* War of 1812
War of 1812

* origins * Burning of Washington
Burning of Washington
* The Octagon House
The Octagon House
* Treaty of Ghent
Treaty of Ghent
* Seven Buildings
Seven Buildings
residence * results

* Second Barbary War
Second Barbary War
* Era of Good Feelings
Era of Good Feelings
* Second Bank of the United States
United States
* State of the Union Address (1810 * 1814 * 1815 * 1816) * Cabinet * Federal judiciary appointments

Other noted accomplisments

* Co-founder, American Whig Society * Supervised the Louisiana
Purchase * Anti-Administration party

* Residence Act
Residence Act

* Compromise of 1790
Compromise of 1790

* Democratic-Republican Party
Democratic-Republican Party

* First Party System
First Party System
* republicanism

* Library of Congress * Virginia
and Kentucky
Resolutions * Report of 1800


* The Papers of James Madison
James Madison


* Early life and career * Belle Grove Plantation, birthplace * Montpelier


* U.S. House of Representatives election, 1789 * 1790 * 1792 * 1794 * U.S. presidential election, 1808 * 1812

Legacy and popular culture

* James Madison
James Madison
Memorial Building * James Madison
James Madison
University * James Madison
James Madison
College * Madison, Wisconsin * Madison Square
Madison Square
* Madison River
Madison River
* Madison Street * U.S. postage stamps * James Madison
James Madison
Memorial Fellowship Foundation * James Madison
James Madison
Freedom of Information Award * James Madison
James Madison
Award * James Madison
James Madison
Institute * A More Perfect Union (1989 film) * Liberty\'s Kids (2002 miniseries) * Hamilton (2015 musical)


* Age of Enlightenment
Age of Enlightenment
* American Enlightenment
American Enlightenment
* Marbury v. Madison
Marbury v. Madison
* National Gazette
National Gazette
* Paul Jennings * Madisonian Model * American Philosophical Society
American Philosophical Society
* The American Museum magazine * Virginia


* Dolley Madison
Dolley Madison
(wife) * John Payne Todd
John Payne Todd
(stepson) * James Madison, Sr.
James Madison, Sr.
(father) * Nelly Conway Madison (mother) * William Madison (brother) * Ambrose Madison (paternal grandfather) * James Madison
James Madison
(cousin) * George Madison
George Madison
(paternal second-cousin) * Thomas Madison (paternal second-cousin) * John Madison (great-grandfather) * Lucy Washington (sister-in-law)




* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 140177246 * LCCN : n79081547 * ISNI : 0000 0004 0423 7726 * GND : 4114900-2 * BNF : cb121674119 (data)

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