Model, modeling or modelling may refer to:

  • Conceptual model, a representation of a system using general rules and concepts
  • Physical model or plastic model, a physical representation in three dimensions of an object, such as a globe or model airplane
  • Scale model, a representation of an object which maintains general relationships between its constituent aspects
    • Architectural model, a scale model for studying aspects of an architectural design or to communicate design ideas
  • Scientific model, a simplified and idealized understanding of physical systems

Science, technology, and mathematics

Mathematics and computing

  • Mathematical model, a representation of a system using mathematical concepts and language
  • Model (mathematical logic), in model theory, a set along with a collection of finitary operations, and relations that are defined on it, satisfying a given collection of axioms
    • Model theory, the study of mathematical structures using tools from mathematical logic
  • 3D model, a representation of any three-dimensional surface via specialized software
  • Computer model, a simulation to reproduce behavior of a system
  • Conceptual model (computer science), a representation of entities and relationships between them
  • Solid modeling, a consistent set of principles for mathematical and computer modeling of three-dimensional solids
  • Statistical model, in applied statistics, a parameterized set of probability distributions
  • Surrogate model, a programmed mathematical entity, physically or empirically based, that represents a designable engineering device or system; sometimes designating "mapped coarse model" in space mapping

Psychology and neurology

Other uses in science and technology

  • Economic model, a theoretical construct representing economic processes by a set of variables and a set of relationships between them.
  • Model organism, a non-human species that is extensively studied to understand particular biological phenomena
  • Model (mimicry), a species that is mimicked by another species

Human roles

  • Model (art), a person who poses for a visual artist as part of the creative process
  • Model (person), a person in a role to promote, display, or advertise (often commercial) products
  • Role model, a person who serves as a behavioural or moral example to others

Arts and entertainment


Film and television

Other media


  • Model (product), an identifier of a product given by its manufacturer
    • Car model, a particular brand of vehicle sold under a marque by a manufacturer
  • Business model, a framework of the business logic of a firm



Other uses

  • Modeling (NLP), in the pseudoscience of neurolinguistic programming
  • MODEL or Movement for Democracy in Liberia, a rebel group in Liberia

See also