HOME
The Info List - London Stadium


--- Advertisement ---



London
London
Stadium[7] (originally known as the Olympic Stadium) is a stadium in Stratford, London, England, at Marshgate Lane in the Lower Lea Valley. It was constructed to serve as the home stadium for the 2012 Summer Olympics
2012 Summer Olympics
and Paralympics, hosting the track and field events and opening and closing ceremonies. It was subsequently renovated as a multi-purpose stadium, with its primary tenants being West Ham United
West Ham United
Football Club and British Athletics. The stadium is 6 miles (10 km) east of Central London. Land preparation for the stadium began in mid-2007, with the official construction start date on 22 May 2008, although piling works for the foundation began four weeks before. The stadium held its first public event in March 2012, serving as the finish line for a celebrity running event organised by the National Lottery.[8] Holding 80,000 for the Olympics and the Paralympics, the stadium was afterwards used intermittently whilst being rebuilt, re-opening in July 2016 with a capacity of 60,000.[9] The decision to make West Ham United
West Ham United
the main tenants was controversial, with the initial tenancy process having to be rerun. As well as its regular tenants, the stadium will continue to be used for a series of special events. The stadium hosted several 2015 Rugby World Cup matches, two England rugby league test matches and hosted both the 2017 IAAF World Championships in Athletics
World Championships in Athletics
and the 2017 World Para Athletics Championships, marking the first time both events have been held in the same location in the same year. It annually hosts the finish of the Great Newham London
London
Run at the start of July.[10] The stadium can also hold concerts with up to 80,000 spectators, and due to its oval shape and relocatable seating, it is suitable to host other sporting events such as cricket or baseball.

Contents

1 Design and construction

1.1 Olympic design

1.1.1 Design brief 1.1.2 Original structure details 1.1.3 Stadium interior

1.2 Playing surface 1.3 Response 1.4 Stadium island 1.5 Post-Olympic redevelopment

1.5.1 Community track

2 London
London
2012 3 Post-Olympics use

3.1 First tenancy process

3.1.1 Bids

3.1.1.1 Bid 1 – AEG and Tottenham Hotspur 3.1.1.2 Bid 2 – Newham Council
Newham Council
and West Ham United

3.1.2 Decision, review and cancellation

3.2 Second tenancy process

3.2.1 Stadium operator

4 Sports

4.1 Athletics

4.1.1 Anniversary Games 4.1.2 2017 World Athletics and World Para Athletics Championships 4.1.3 2018 Athletics World Cup

4.2 Football

4.2.1 Crowd control

4.3 Other sports

4.3.1 Rugby league 4.3.2 Rugby Union

4.3.2.1 2015 World Cup 4.3.2.2 Premiership Rugby

5 Concerts 6 Transport

6.1 Rail 6.2 Road

6.2.1 Bus and coach

7 References 8 External links

Design and construction[edit]

Stadium in 2012, just before the Olympic Games

Olympic design[edit] Design brief[edit] During London's bid for the games, promotional materials featured a main stadium with a roof "designed to wrap itself around the venue like muscles supporting the body.",[11] however at that time there had been no formal design brief agreed. While the bidding process was ongoing West Ham had talks[12] with the ODA about contributing to the development of a multi-purpose stadium, should London
London
win the bid.[13] The government preferred to produce a brief for an athletics only stadium which would be largely disassembled after the games with the lower tier remaining in place as a permanent athletics facility to replace the Crystal Palace National Sports Centre. With the original Olympic design finalised and being built, the government had a change of heart and a bidding process for a multi-sport post-Olympic legacy was launched. On 13 October 2006, London
London
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games confirmed that it had selected Sir Robert McAlpine and Populous to start exclusive negotiations with, to fulfil the eventual design and build contract of the new Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
after no other organisations met the bidding criteria.[14][15] The stadium design was launched on 7 November 2007. Original structure details[edit] The construction of the stadium commenced three months early in May 2008 after the bowl of the stadium had been dug out and the area cleared.[16][17] The building of the stadium was completed in March 2011 reportedly on time and under budget,[18] with the athletics track laid in October 2011.[4]

Exploded view of the stadium's layers

The stadium's track and field arena is excavated out of the soft clay found on the site, around which is permanent seating for 25,000, built using concrete "rakers". The natural slope of the land is incorporated into the design, with warm-up and changing areas dug into a semi-basement position at the lower end. Spectators enter the stadium via a podium level, which is level with the top of the permanent seating bowl. A demountable lightweight steel and pre-cast concrete upper tier was built up from this "bowl" to accommodate a further 55,000 spectators.[19]

Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
interior

The stadium is made up of different tiers; during the Games the stadium was able to hold 80,000 spectators. The base tier, which allows for 25,000 seats, is a sunken elliptical bowl that is made up of low-carbon-dioxide concrete; this contains 40 percent less embodied carbon than conventional concrete.[20] The foundation of the base level is 5,000 piles reaching up to 20 metres (66 ft) deep. From there, there is a mixture of driven cast in situ piles, continuous flight auger piles, and vibro concrete columns. The second tier, which holds 55,000 seats, is 315 m (1,033 ft) long, 256 m (840 ft) wide, and 60 m (197 ft) high.[21] The stadium contains just under a quarter of the steel as the Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
in Beijing
Beijing
for the 2008 Summer Olympics, approximately 10,700 tonnes (11,800 short tons). In addition to the minimal use of steel, which makes it 75 percent lighter[clarification needed], the stadium also uses high-yield large diameter pipes which were surplus on completion of North Sea Gas
North Sea Gas
pipeline projects in its compression truss, recycled granite, and many of the building products were transported using trains and barges rather than by lorry.[22]

Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
during the 2012 Summer Olympics

A wrap, funded by Dow Chemical Company
Dow Chemical Company
in return for being able to advertise on the wrap until 26 June 2012, covered the exterior during the Olympics. The wrap was made from polyester and polyethylene, and printed using UV curable inks.[23] The wrap was made of pieces of material that covered 20 metres (66 ft) high and 900 metres (1,000 yd) in length. The final design for the wrap consisted of 2.5-metre-wide (8 ft) fabric panels, twisted at 90-degree angles to allow entry to the stadium at the bottom of the structure, and held in place with tensioned cables.[24][25] To allow for fast on-site assembly, compression truss and roof column connections were bolted; this enabled easy disassembling of the roof structure after the closing ceremonies.[26] The cable-supported roof structure covers approximately two-thirds of the stadium's seating.[27] Reaching 70 metres (230 ft) above the field of play, the stadium roof held 14 lighting towers, or paddles, that collectively contained a total of 532 individual 2 kW floodlight lamps. The lights were first officially switched on in December 2010 by Prime Minister David Cameron
David Cameron
and London
London
Mayor Boris Johnson.[28] During the games, the towers were fitted with additional ceremony lighting, and 4 of the 14 towers held large temporary video screens.[29] Stadium interior[edit]

Lighting paddle which was connected to every seat (left) and what it can create (right).

The stadium was equipped with a nine lane Mondo 400 metres (1,300 feet) athletics track.[30] The turf in the stadium was grown in Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
and was a mix of perennial ryegrass, smooth stalk meadow grass and fescue grass seeds. It took 360 rolls of grass to cover the infield and was laid in March 2011.[31] The track was designed by Italian company Mondo, and was their latest version of the Mondotrack FTX.[3][30][32] [33] The stadium's 80,000 seats had a black and white 'fragment' theme that matched the overall branding design used by LOCOG for London
London
2012. The lines all centred on the finish line in the stadium.[25] The seats were made in Luton and were fitted between May and December 2010.[34] During the Games, the Stadium's grandstands contained a lighting system developed by Tait Technologies that allowed them to function as a giant video screen. Individual "paddles" containing nine LED pixels each were installed between each seat of the stadium, which were controlled via a central system to display video content wrapped around the stadium. The system was primarily intended for use during the ceremonies of the Olympics and Paralympics – over 70 minutes of animated content were used during the Olympics' opening ceremony.[35] Playing surface[edit] The red Mondo 400-metre athletics track used for the London
London
2012 games was laid in August 2011, possessed nine lanes, and was 13.5 mm (0.5 in) thick. It used two vulcanised rubber layers, one of which was a cushioning underside with elongated diamond-shaped cells, which allowed them to flex in any direction.[36] During the four London
London
2012 ceremonies, the track was protected via synthetic covering. For the stadium's transformation, the track was protected from construction work for the 2015 events by covering it with a plastic sheet layer and burying it under 75 cm (30 in) of soil. The Mondotrack surface was removed in early 2016 and a new surface, using 17,000 sqm of the improved Mondotrack/WS,[37] was laid that May. Some of the original running track from (mainly) the home straight was kept so that it could be sold and auctioned to the public, thereby raising money to reinvest into operating the stadium and its neighbouring community track. The grass playing field was lengthened by several metres at either end for the 2015 rugby matches to fit a suitably-sized rugby/football pitch, and was reseeded with a Desso GrassMaster artificial-natural hybrid pitch approved for Premier league matches of 105 by 68 metres (115 by 74 yd), ready for West Ham United, complete with undersoil heating. In football/pitch mode, the pitch is surrounded by artificial turf and carpeting that covers the exposed sections of the running track. Response[edit] The stadium design received a mixed response from the media, with reviews ranging from "magnificent" to a "bowl of blancmange".[38] The design was promoted as example of "sustainable development", but some architecture critics have questioned both its aesthetic value and suitability as a national icon – especially when compared to Beijing
Beijing
National Stadium. For example, Ellis Woodman, Building Design's architecture critic, said of the design: "The principle of it being dismountable is most welcome... it demonstrates an obvious interest in establishing an economy of means and as such is the antithesis of the 2008 Olympic stadium in Beijing. But while that's an achievement, it's not an architectural achievement. In design terms what we're looking at is pretty underwhelming." He went on to criticise the procurement and design processes – stating of the latter that it should have been subject to an architectural competition.[39] This view was echoed by Tom Dyckhoff, The Times's architecture critic, who described the design as "tragically underwhelming" and commented that the "architecture of the 2008 and 2012 Olympics will, in years to come, be seen by historians as a "cunning indicator of the decline of the West and the rise of the East".[40] Despite the criticism the Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
was nominated for the 2012 Stirling Prize
Stirling Prize
in architecture losing out to the Sainsbury Laboratory at the University of Cambridge.[41][42] Amanda Baillieu writing in Building Design
Building Design
challenged the designer's claims that the stadium is environmentally sustainable and good value for money. Instead, it is asserted that the reality will be the opposite. In particular, she claimed that:

the temporary roof could not be reused to cover the permanent 25,000 seating area – given the difference in size; it is unlikely that the removed seating would be wanted for any other event e.g. the Glasgow Commonwealth Games; and the costs involved in dismantling the stadium – and surrounding "pods" – has not been factored into the estimated cost.[43] The cost of £537 million compared to cost of 1908 Olympic Stadium £60,000 (£5.6 million in 2010).[44]

Stadium island[edit]

Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
site under construction in October 2009

The stadium site is on former industrial land between the River Lea (which rejoins the Navigation below Old Ford Lock), the City Mill River, and the Old Pudding Mill River; parts of the Bow Back Rivers.[45] Another branch of this system, St Thomas' Creek, 200 metres (660 feet) to the south, completes an "island" surrounded by water.[25][46] 200 metres
200 metres
(660 feet) to the east is the Waterworks River; with the London
London
Aquatics Centre on its eastern bank. This "island" site for the stadium lies at the southern end of the Olympic Park.[25] To make room for the stadium, the already partially obstructed Pudding Mill River, a short channel of the Lea which ran from the west side of the stadium south-eastwards across the stadium site, was filled in. Post-Olympic redevelopment[edit] Dennis Hone, chief executive of the LLDC, revealed in November 2012 that the stadium would not meet its reopening deadline of 2014. Instead the stadium would reopen in August 2015 with the stadium retaining a capacity of around 50,000 for athletics.[47] Following the granting, in March 2013, of a 99-year tenancy to West Ham United, the E20 LLP, a joint organisation by the London
London
Legacy Development Corporation and Newham Council
Newham Council
were specifically set-up to oversee redevelopment of the stadium into a UEFA Category 4 venue seating 60,000 spectators. The reconfiguration saw work on a new roof, corporate areas, toilets, concessions and retractable seating. West Ham contributed £15 million and Newham Council
Newham Council
£40 million for the work to be carried out with the LLDC and the British Government making up the rest.[48][49] Approval was granted for the installation of retractable seating on all sides of the stadium and an 84-metre (92 yd) transparent roof.[50][51]

Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
during its renovation minus a roof and floodlights and a crane visible.

Balfour Beatty
Balfour Beatty
were initially contracted to construct the new roof for £41 million; in January 2014 they were awarded a £154 million tender, which includes the earlier contract for the roof, to complete the stadium's transformation works.[52][53][54] Imtech G&H were awarded a £25 million contract to carry out electrical and plumbing work.[55][56] Paul Kelso, working for Sky News, discovered in September 2014 that the cost of the conversion of the stadium may rise by £15 million, due to additional work to strengthen the structure, to allow it to support the new roof.[57] It was revealed neither West Ham United
West Ham United
nor the taxpayer would have to meet the additional cost as Balfour Beatty
Balfour Beatty
would contribute with the remainder funded from the existing LLDC transformation budget of the Olympic Park.[58] In October 2014, the LLDC contributed a further £35.9 million towards the project with the funding coming from reserves and income generated by other means.[59] Work commenced on 13 August 2013 with the removal of 25,000 seats and the grass from the field of play.[60][61] The athletics track was covered with a 75 cm (30 in) layer of recycled concrete to protect it during the heavy lifting.[62] In November 2013 work commenced to remove the fourteen floodlight panels as part of the £200 million conversion of the stadium.[63] In March 2015 work began on installing the new floodlights. Each floodlight panel is 18 metres (59 ft) tall and weighs 45 tonnes (50 short tons), and will sit 30 metres (98 ft) above the stadium's floor, suspended from the roof rather than sitting on top; in total there are 14 panels. As the floodlight work began, work on a steel halo structure that encircles the stadium, containing 96 turnstiles, catering and toilet facilities, concluded.[64] The black and white seating design from the Olympics, was replaced with a white, blue and claret design. The new design includes West Ham's name on the East Kop Stand and symbolic crossed hammers on all lower tier stands, and the retention of the 2012 shard design on the upper tier, albeit in new colouring to match the Stadium's anchor tenant.[65] Work continued through 2016 to transform the stadium into a home for West Ham, with the club's colours and giant model West Ham shirts added to the stadium concourse.[66] A West Ham store and coffee shop was opened on 23 June.[67] Community track[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Community track at Queen Elizabeth II Olympic Park.

Following the demolition of the 2012 warm up track and to comply with IAAF rules requiring a warm up track at Construction Category 1 facilities, a new 6 lane community track (8 lanes on the straights) has been created immediately adjacent to the south of the Olympic Stadium. The track will be home to Newham and Essex Beagles Athletic Club from 2017 and will be open for around 250 days of the year.[68][69][70] The construction of the track was funded by a grant from the London
London
Marathon Trust.[71] London
London
2012[edit]

David Rudisha
David Rudisha
of Kenya setting a World Record for the 800 metres
800 metres
in the Olympic final.

The Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
hosted its first public event on 31 March 2012, serving as the finish line for the National Lottery Olympic Park Run. Five thousand participants (including celebrities, British athletes and members of the public who won a draw organised by the National Lottery) took part in a five-mile run around Olympic Park, entering Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
to the theme from Chariots of Fire
Chariots of Fire
to run the final 300 metres on its track.[8] The stadium hosted two warm-up events for the London
London
2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games as part of the London Prepares series. The venue hosted the British Universities Athletics Championships and the London
London
Disability Grand Prix in May 2012.[72][73] On 6 May around 40,000 people attended an event entitled "2,012 hours to go: an evening of athletics and entertainment".[74] The evening was hosted by Gabby Logan
Gabby Logan
and Vernon Kay, and Jon Culshaw, Mel C, Hugh Bonneville, Chipmunk and Jack Whitehall
Jack Whitehall
appeared. Niamh Clarke-Willis, a nine-year-old, was chosen to open the stadium ceremonially.[75] During the London
London
Disability Grand Prix, Paul Blake (T36, 1500 metres), Hannah Cockroft
Hannah Cockroft
(T34, 100 metres), Michael McKillop (T37, 1500 metres) and Richard Whitehead (T42, 200 metres) all set new world records.[76] The stadium also hosted the athletics events of the British school games.[77][78] The stadium hosted both the opening and closing ceremonies at the 2012 Olympic Games.[79] During the Athletics events of the Olympic Games David Rudisha
David Rudisha
broke his own world record for the 800 metres
800 metres
to become the first man to run the distance in under 1 minute 41 seconds.[80] In the 4 × 100 metres
100 metres
relay the team from Jamaica also broke their own world record from the 2011 World Championships by two-tenths of a second.[81] The United States women's 4 by 100 metres
100 metres
team beat the previous best set by East Germany
East Germany
in 1985, recording a time of 40.82 seconds to set a new world record.[82][83] Olympic records were set by Usain Bolt, who ran the second fastest 100 metres,[84] Renaud Lavillenie in the Pole vault
Pole vault
by 1 cm,[85] Sally Pearson
Sally Pearson
recorded a record time in the 100 metres
100 metres
hurdles and Tatyana Lysenko
Tatyana Lysenko
set a new mark in the Hammer.[86][87] The stadium also hosted both the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2012 Paralympic Games.[88][89] Over the course of the Paralympic Games athletics events, world records were set on the track by; Oxana Boturchuk[90] Martina Caironi,[91] Chen Junfei,[92] El Amin Chentouf,[93] China,[94] Libby Clegg,[90] Arnu Fourie,[95] Marie-Amelie le Fur,[92] Terezinha Guilhermina,[91] Mahmoud Khaldi,[92] Samwel Mushai Kimani,[93] Walid Ktila.[96] Liang Yongbin,[94] Rosemary Little,[97] Liu Ping,[98] Liu Wenjun,[94] Gunther Matzinger,[94] Michael McKillop,[95] Mateusz Michalski,[94] Yohansson Nascimento,[99] Oscar Pistorius,[95] David Prince,[94] Evgenii Shvetcov[96] South Africa,[91] Leo Pekka Tahti,[90] Abraham Tarbei,[96] Iurii Tsaruk,[92] Richard Whitehead,[90] Abderrahim Zhiou,[96] Zhu Daqing and Zhou Guohua.[90] Multiple World Records on the track were set by Yunidis Castillo,[94][95] Assia El Hannouni,[92][100] Evan O'Hanlon,[95][101] Jason Smyth,[95][98][102] Fanie van der Merwe and Marlou van Rhijn.[92][94][95][101][103] In the field events, World records were set by Hani Alnakhli,[98] Alexey Ashapatov,[102] Aigars Apinis[104] Lahouari Bahlaz,[98] Mohamed Berrahal,[104] Kelly Cartwright,[105] Yanlong Fu,[106] Leonardo Diaz,[103] Zeljko Dimitrijevic,[97] Tanja Dragic,[105] Najat El Garraa,[102] Javad Hardani,[98] Todd Hodgetts,[98] Jun Wang,[105] Maroua Ibrahmi,[90] Juan Yao,[107] Mohsen Kaedi,[95] Mohammad Khalvandi,[94] Gocha Khugaev,[91] Karolina Kucharczyk,[93] Assunta Legnante,[103] Maciej Lepiato,[94] Liu Fuliang,[95] Drazenko Mitrovic,[103] Azeddine Nouiri,[96] Katarzyna Piekart,[95] Mariia Pomazan,[105] Nikita Prokhorov,[92] Qing Wu,[105] Markus Rehm,[102] Raoua Tlili,[94] Wang Yanzhang,[98] Zhu Pengkai,[91] Oksana Zubkovska.[106] Multiple records were set in the field by Dong Xia,[98][103] Birgit Kober,[92][93] Na Mi,[104] Yang Liwan,[91][95] and Wang Zhiming.[96][106] Post-Olympics use[edit] The decision on how to use the stadium after the Olympics went through two rounds of bidding: the first was rejected[by whom?] on 11 October 2011, after concerns had emerged about European Union competition law and particularly the risk of illegal state aid.[108][109][110][111] First tenancy process[edit] The Olympic Park Legacy Company (OPLC) set five criteria: that the new tenant should produce a viable long-term solution that provided value for money, secured a partner with the expertise to operate a legacy solution[clarification needed], reopened the stadium as quickly as possible, made the stadium a distinctive physical symbol that supported regeneration, and allowed flexible usage.[112] After receiving and pre-screening over 100 expressions of interest, the formal bidding process of selecting the post-Olympics user of the stadium opened on 18 August 2010. It ran until 30 September, after which the OPLC drew up a shortlist, with a view to selecting a tenant by the end of the financial year (31 March 2011).[113] On 12 November 2010, it was announced that two bids had been shortlisted for the stadium post-Olympics. They were a joint bid from Tottenham Hotspur F.C.
Tottenham Hotspur F.C.
and Anschutz Entertainment Group
Anschutz Entertainment Group
(AEG), and a second bid from West Ham United F.C.
West Ham United F.C.
and Newham Council.[114] Bids[edit] The legacy plan for the stadium had involved converting it into a 25,000- to 30,000-seat athletics stadium with a sports training, science and medicine centre after the 2012 Paralympics. Media reports, however, suggested that several potential tenants were interested in moving to the stadium after the games. Media speculation and expressions of interest which did not result in bids included: the England and Wales Cricket Board
England and Wales Cricket Board
and Kent
Kent
County Cricket
Cricket
Club;[115] Middlesex County Cricket
Cricket
Club,[116] Essex
Essex
County Cricket
Cricket
Club:[117] Wasps RFC;[118][119] Saracens R.F.C.;[120] London
London
Skolars R.L.F.C.; Major League Baseball;[121] the National Football League, which had been looking at the potential of a franchise in London;[122] and Leyton
Leyton
Orient F.C..[123] Bid 1 – AEG and Tottenham Hotspur[edit] These joint bidders had each separately expressed interest in the venue, but submitted a joint bid. AEG is the company that redeveloped the loss-making Millennium Dome
Millennium Dome
exhibition venue in South East London into the profitable music venue The O2.[124] On 26 July 2010, it was rumoured that Tottenham might be interested in taking over the stadium after the Games. The club had plans to build a new stadium adjacent to their current stadium as part of the Northumberland Development Project, but the planning application and funding were proving difficult, making the Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
a viable option.[125][126] Bid 2 – Newham Council
Newham Council
and West Ham United[edit] After the acquisition of West Ham United
West Ham United
in 2010 by David Gold and David Sullivan, the new owners expressed their desire to make the stadium the club's new home. With Boris Johnson
Boris Johnson
expressing his desire for a football team to take over the stadium after the 2012 Olympics and Paralympics, this seemed the most likely option.[127] At the opening of the formal bid process, West Ham United
West Ham United
were considered favourites once they withdrew their initial opposition to keeping the running track, as well as planning a £100 million conversion to create a 60,000 capacity venue, which would also host international football, international athletics, as well as Essex
Essex
County Cricket Club, international Twenty20
Twenty20
cricket matches, NFL games, and Live Nation events.[128] Decision, review and cancellation[edit] On 11 February 2011, the Olympic Park Legacy Company (OPLC) unanimously selected West Ham United
West Ham United
and Newham Council
Newham Council
as the preferred bidders to take over the stadium after the 2012 Games.[129] But Leyton
Leyton
Orient complained that the stadium was too close to their ground and would breach FA rules. They claimed that West Ham's plans could force them into bankruptcy.[130] On 3 March 2011, West Ham United's proposed move to the stadium was approved by the British Government and London
London
Mayor Boris Johnson.[131] Tottenham Hotspur F.C.
Tottenham Hotspur F.C.
and Leyton Orient F.C.
Leyton Orient F.C.
applied for a judicial review to overturn the Olympic Park Legacy Company's (OPLC) decision; however, this appeal was rejected in June 2011.[132] Tottenham Hotspur appealed the decision not to have a review on 29 June 2011.[133] The OPLC announced on 5 July 2011 that an independent review into the awarding of the Olympic Park Stadium to West Ham United
West Ham United
was to be carried out following the discovery on 30 June 2011 that an employee, Dionne Knight had been engaged by West Ham United
West Ham United
to carry out consultancy work relating to the stadium without permission of the OPLC. Knight had already declared to the OPLC that she was in a personal relationship with a director of West Ham United, and was suspended whilst a possible conflict of interest was investigated.[134] On 22 August 2011, the independent investigation ruled that the process was not compromised and thus the bid process will not be reopened.[135] On 23 August, the day before Tottenham Hotspur were due in court, they staged "intense negotiations" with the office of the Mayor of London, and looked set to drop all claims for a review and be offered funding for their own stadium.[136] However, the next day Tottenham did attend court despite being close to striking a deal about their own stadium. Tottenham and Leyton
Leyton
Orient won a review of the decision, being told that they had an arguable case.[137] The review was scheduled to take place on 18 October 2011. Even if Tottenham abandoned the review, due to being granted a new stadium as part of their Northumberland Development Project, Orient were expected to continue, with its owner Barry Hearn
Barry Hearn
calling the decision to grant a review "a great day for the little man".[138] However, the bid was later cancelled before the review was completed, due to a series of concerns regarding EU laws.[111] Second tenancy process[edit] Once the original deal collapsed a new process to select a tenant was begun. The athletics legacy clause was clarified to ensure that a track remained in the stadium.[139] West Ham immediately announced plans to become tenants of the stadium.[140][141] On 17 October 2011, a day before they were due in court for the judicial review to start into the original bidding process, Tottenham Hotspur
Tottenham Hotspur
ended their legal challenge about the original decision to award the stadium to West Ham United.[142] This marked Spurs' end to their interest in the stadium. On 18 October, Leyton
Leyton
Orient submitted an application to the Football League for permission for a move to the stadium. Chairman Barry Hearn said, "We are asking for a 25,000-seater stadium and we want to see if we can get around the athletics track. It has to stay, we know that. But can we build up, if not down, and see if it's possible to get it covered while we play?".[143] In February 2012, 16 parties were interested in the stadium.[144] In July 2012, four bidders were announced:[145][146]

West Ham United Intelligent Transport Services, in conjunction with Formula One. University College of Football Business (UCFB), an affiliate of Bucks New University. Essex County Cricket Club
Essex County Cricket Club
with the University of East London.[147]

In April 2012, the Olympic Park Legacy Company was dismantled and responsibilities transferred to the newly constituted London
London
Legacy Development Corporation (LLDC).[148] Daniel Moylan, chairman of the LLDC, was removed by Mayor Boris Johnson
Boris Johnson
on 12 September 2012, after having made changes to the leadership of the organisation that annoyed some Board members. Johnson took on the chairmanship of the co-operation himself.[149] In December 2012, West Ham were named as the preferred bidder for the stadium with a separate operator co-ordinating community and sporting use, as well as concerts and events.[150] Leyton
Leyton
Orient's bid was rejected due to its commercial viability and the bid from Intelligent Transport Services, in conjunction with Formula One, was rejected for having too much speculation and uncertainty in their business plan.[151] However, with so much public money going into the stadium and its redevelopment, the BBC learned that David Gold and David Sullivan must share any profits they make if they sell the club.[152][153] West Ham were given three months to improve the terms of their deal or lose the stadium; with Johnson going with plan B without football.[151] The two parties seemed to find common ground in February 2013, with West Ham, reportedly, agreeing to paying £2.5 million in rent per year. They additionally promised to pay back any extra cost for the roof and seats within ten years.[154][155] Gold stated at the beginning of March that a deal could be complete by the middle of the month.[156] On 22 March 2013, West Ham United secured a 99-year lease deal, with the stadium planned to be used as their home ground from the 2016–2017 season.[157] In July 2013, UK Athletics received a 50-year deal for the use of the stadium.[158] UK Athletics will have access to the stadium every year from the last Friday in June until the end of July.[159] On 6 March, Barry Hearn
Barry Hearn
of Leyton
Leyton
Orient stated that he would mount another legal challenge as he believed the rules set out by the LLDC had not been followed. Hearn also said he felt Leyton
Leyton
Orient's proposed ground share had been ignored and not properly explored.[160][161][162] In April 2013, he was informed that his call for a judicial review had been rejected.[163][164] An oral application was submitted in June 2013.[165] On 19 September 2013, Leyton
Leyton
Orient lost their bid to win a judicial review into the decision to grant West Ham the tenancy of the Olympic Stadium. At the High Court, Mr Justice Lewis said the LLDC was entitled to make the decision which was not "irrational".[166] In November 2013 it was the House of Lords' opinion that Leyton
Leyton
Orient should be allowed occasional use of the stadium, with Lord Harris telling Orient and West Ham to "stop squabbling like children."[167][168][169] Dennis Hone stated that he was in talks with Barry Hearn
Barry Hearn
over occasional usage, but that it would not mean a permanent groundshare.[170] In early December, the LLDC said that there was nothing to stop Orient from negotiating a rental agreement with whichever firm ends up running the stadium. Orient, however, would not be able to negotiate a 99-year deal like West Ham and would only have usage of the stadium when the Hammers are not playing.[171][172] On 1 July 2014, Leyton
Leyton
Orient brought an end to their dispute with the Premier League
Premier League
regarding the future use of the stadium, after a confidential agreement between the two parties was reached.[173][174] Supporters of various rival clubs pressed for an inquiry into the LLDC's granting of West Ham's tenancy, arguing that West Ham were being given an unfair advantage by the arrangement. However, in September 2015 the government rejected holding such an inquiry.[175] In October 2015, the LLDC released a 207-page document with redacted sections. West Ham's annual rent was not revealed as this was seen to be commercially sensitive information.[176] On 14 April 2016 it was revealed that West Ham will pay £2.5 million per year during a 99-year lease of the stadium but will not have to fund police, stewarding, heating, pitch maintenance, or corner flags. Barry Hearn described the deal as one his dog could have bettered.[177] Stadium operator[edit] In October 2014 The Evening Standard
The Evening Standard
reported that French company Vinci SA
Vinci SA
were favourites to be given a contract to run the stadium for ten years. The company which already operates several other stadiums, including the Stade de France
Stade de France
in Paris, had reportedly beaten off competition from other companies including Anschutz Entertainment Group who run The O2.[178] In February 2015, Vinci Stadium, a subsidiary of Vinci Concessions, were appointed to manage the stadium starting in April 2015 for a 25-year period. The company will also be responsible for the London
London
Marathon Charitable Trust Community Track and events on the south park lawn. This is the first stadium outside France to be managed by Vinci.[179][180][181][182] Sports[edit] Although West Ham United
West Ham United
and UK Athletics
UK Athletics
are the primary tenants, the stadium operators arrange many other events for the stadium. Athletics[edit] Anniversary Games[edit]

David Weir broke the World Record in the men's T54 mile

Charles Sale reported in the Daily Mail
Daily Mail
during December 2012 that the London
London
Legacy Development Corporation were keen to take financial advantage by hosting events in the stadium due to the work to convert the stadium not starting until autumn 2013.[183] On 24 January 2013, it was confirmed that the London
London
Athletics Grand Prix, a Diamond League event, would be switched to the stadium.[184] In February 2013, it was announced that after the stadium would also hold a Paralympic athletics event on 28 July.[185] In April Sainsbury's
Sainsbury's
were announced as sponsors and the event was renamed the "Anniversary Games".[186][187] The London
London
Grand Prix was scheduled to move permanently to the stadium in 2016. However, due to the 2015 Rugby World Cup
2015 Rugby World Cup
taking place in the stadium, using the original seating configuration, the opportunity came to move the Grand Prix to the stadium a year early, again under the name of the Anniversary Games.[188][189][190][191][192] During the 2015 events national records were set by Dafne Schippers
Dafne Schippers
(100 m), Dina Asher-Smith (100 m),[193] Shara Proctor(long jump),[194] while Georgina Hermitage (400 m T37) and Sophie Hahn
Sophie Hahn
(100 m T38) set world records.[195] The Muller Anniversary Games, the fourth anniversary event, took place in the stadium on 22–23 July 2016. The IPC Grand Prix events were incorporated alongside Diamond League
Diamond League
events on the second day of the meet. The London
London
meet is the only Diamond League
Diamond League
meeting to date to span two consecutive days. The 2017 Muller Anniversary Games has been shortened to a one-day event on Sunday 9 July 2017.[196] Its move to an earlier time of the month is due to the London
London
2017 World Championships. The 2018 Muller Anniversary Games will return to a two-day event on its typical weekend of 21–22 July. 2017 World Athletics and World Para Athletics Championships[edit] London
London
had bid to host the 2015 World Athletics Championships using the Olympic Stadium. It went up against Beijing's Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
and the Polish city of Chorzów. However, the stadium had to withdraw their bid due to uncertainties arising out of the timing of the announcement of who would operate the stadium after the Olympics, thus gifting Beijing
Beijing
the championships.[197] With issues resolved over the stadium's future, London
London
again used the stadium to bid for the 2017 World Athletics Championships.[198] The bid was made official in August with Lord Coe
Lord Coe
personally submitting the bid a few weeks later at the 2011 World Athletic Championships in Daegu
Daegu
which was supported by London's Mayor Boris Johnson
Boris Johnson
and the British Government.[199] On 11 November 2011, the IAAF officially awarded the 2017 World Championships to London.[200] The World Para Athletics Championships (formerly the IPC Athletics World Championships) were planned to take place a month before the able-bodied event[201] and were formally confirmed for the stadium in December 2012.[202] The 2017 able-bodied athletics event was the final track championship for Mo Farah[203] and Usain Bolt.[204] The World Para Athletics Championships
World Para Athletics Championships
were held between 14–23 July 2017, with 800,000 tickets available across 16 sessions. The IAAF World Championships followed between 4–13 August 2017 with 700,000 tickets available. 3,300 athletes from 200 countries competed for 690 medals across 245 events.[205] 2018 Athletics World Cup[edit] In February 2018, London
London
Stadium was announced as the venue for the inaugural Athletics World Cup. The event will be held on 14 and 15 July. Football[edit]

Players of West Ham United
West Ham United
and NK Domžale
NK Domžale
before the game

West Ham United
West Ham United
play at this stadium, having moved from their former Boleyn Ground
Boleyn Ground
in August 2016.[206][207] The club announced in March 2013 that the stands behind the goals will be named after former players Bobby Moore
Bobby Moore
and Trevor Brooking; there were stands at the Boleyn Ground
Boleyn Ground
named after them.[49] West Ham sold out the 50,000 season ticket allocation for the stadium by May 2016 for the 2016–17 season.[208] The opening game for West Ham was a Europa League
Europa League
match against NK Domžale on 4 August 2016,[209] which West Ham won 3–0 with the stadium sold out, albeit with a reduced capacity of 54,000 as conversion works were still being finished.[210] The official opening match was a friendly with Juventus on 7 August with a 2–3 defeat.[211] West Ham's first Premier League
Premier League
match at the stadium was against Bournemouth with an attendance of 56,977.[212] Watford were the first Premier League
Premier League
side to beat West Ham at the London
London
Stadium, overcoming a two-goal deficit to beat West Ham 4–2.[213][214] Crowd control[edit]

Stewards (in yellow jackets) within a group of West Ham United supporters

At the beginning of the 2016–17 season, West Ham's games were marred by instances of crowd trouble. Against Bournemouth on 21 August some fans arrived with tickets for seats that did not exist. Fighting also occurred between rival supporters outside the stadium.[215] On 26 August during a Europa League
Europa League
game against FC Astra Giurgiu
FC Astra Giurgiu
fighting broke out in the stadium with a supporter being arrested on suspicion of causing ABH.[216] Against Watford, rival fans fought following poor crowd segregation. On 1 October 2016, against Middlesbrough three people were arrested as violent clashes occurred.[217] On 22 October 2016, against Sunderland rival fans confronted each other as Sunderland fans returned to transport taking them home.[218] By 25 October 2016, 23 banning orders had been issued to fans with nine arrests.[219] There was further crowd trouble on 26 October 2016 during West Ham's EFL Cup fourth-round game against London
London
rivals, Chelsea. Seven people were arrested as police introduced a ban on the sale of alcohol. Plastic bottles, seats and coins were thrown during West Ham's 2–1 victory. Hundreds of supporters clashed and riot police entered the concourse.[220][221] West Ham vice-chairman Karren Brady said any supporter identified as having taken part in the violence would receive a lifetime ban. MP Mark Field
Mark Field
called for West Ham to play behind closed doors should any further violence occur.[222] In October 2016, football stadium design expert, Paul Fletcher said that the stadium should be pulled down and rebuilt as in its current design it was not right for football fans as they were too far from the pitch.[223] In December 2016, a cameraman working for Arsenal TV
Arsenal TV
was punched in the face by a West Ham supporter towards the end of West Ham's 1–5 defeat by Arsenal.[224] In March 2018, there were protests against West Ham United
West Ham United
owner, David Sullivan at the stadium during a 3-0 home defeat to Burnley. There were four pitch invasions and Sullivan was escorted from his seat before the end of the match.[225] Sullivan was also hit on the head by a coin thrown by one of the supporters.[226][227] Karren Brady called the events "one of the most painful days" in the club's history.[228] Following the crowd trouble, West Ham banned five supporters for life for invading the pitch. Several people who had thrown coins and other objects were also given lifetime bans.[229] Calling the scenes at the stadium a "disgrace", London
London
mayor, Sadiq Khan said that the crowd trouble had been organised and co-ordinated. Investigation had revealed that over a dozen fights had broken out in the ground between West Ham supporters and that 26 people had attempted to invade the pitch with twenty-two being stopped by stewards. There were 150 separate incidents, including 50 public order offences and 40 assaults. CCTV
CCTV
footage shows a co-ordinated move by a known group of individuals towards the directors' box.[230] Measures including increased security presence and preventing fans approaching the area holding members of the West Ham board were announced in late March. Entirely funded by the UK taxpayer and costed at £60,000, the provisions were planned for the next game, against Southampton.[231] Other sports[edit]

Racing circuit inside the stadium for the 2015 Race of Champions

In May 2014 it was announced that Essex
Essex
Eagles had agreed a deal in principle to play Twenty20
Twenty20
cricket matches at the stadium.[232] The venue has also been touted as a possible venue for the 2019 Cricket World Cup.[233] Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
(MLB) are also in advance talks to bring a league game to Europe for the first time. It was touted that a similar agreement to the NFL's could begin in 2017.[234] It was reported on March 19th 2018, that the Boston Red Sox
Boston Red Sox
and New York Yankees are on the verge of an agreement to play a two game " London
London
Series" at the stadium on June 29th-30th 2019. The games would be a first for Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
in Europe.[235] In November 2015 the stadium hosted the 2015 Race of Champions
2015 Race of Champions
event. It was the first occasion since 2008 that Great Britain hosted the event, with Wembley Stadium
Wembley Stadium
last staging the contest in 2008.[236] The English team of Andy Priaulx
Andy Priaulx
and Jason Plato
Jason Plato
won the nations cup whilst Sebastian Vettel took the Champion of Champions crown.[237][238] Rugby league[edit] The first Rugby league
Rugby league
match at the stadium was played between England and New Zealand on 7 November 2015, in front of 44,000 spectators. The match was the second of a three-game series between the sides.[239][240] The venue also hosted the match between England and Australia as part of the 2016 Rugby League Four Nations
2016 Rugby League Four Nations
(att: 36,000). In June 2016, it was announced that the Stadium will form part of England's bid to host the 2021 Rugby League World Cup.[241]

Test# Date Team 1 Score Team 2 Attendance Notes

1 7 November 2015  England 2–9  New Zealand 44,393 2015 Baskerville Shield

2 13 November 2016  England 18–36  Australia 35,569 2016 Four Nations

Rugby Union[edit] 2015 World Cup[edit] Further information: 2015 Rugby World Cup

France playing Romania at the Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
during the 2015 Rugby World Cup

In July 2012 the Olympic Park Legacy Company submitted a bid to England Rugby 2015 to host some matches of the 2015 Rugby World Cup. On 2 May 2013, it was officially announced that the Olympic Stadium was due to host four Pool matches during the World Cup and the Bronze final.[242] The first rugby union match at the stadium took place on 29 August 2015 as part of a testing programme ahead of the World Cup. The match featured the first ever game between the invitational Barbarians side and Samoa.[243][244][245] The Barbarians won 27–24, with Samoa having Kane Thompson
Kane Thompson
sent off for punching. The game was delayed when pitch sprinklers came on during the first half.[246]

Date Competition Home team Score Away team Attendance

29 August 2015 2015 Rugby World Cup
2015 Rugby World Cup
Warm-up Barbarians 27–24  Samoa 41,039

23 September 2015 2015 Rugby World Cup
2015 Rugby World Cup
Pool D  France 38–11  Romania 50,626

24 September 2015 2015 Rugby World Cup
2015 Rugby World Cup
Pool C  New Zealand 58–14  Namibia 51,820

4 October 2015 2015 Rugby World Cup
2015 Rugby World Cup
Pool D  Ireland 16–9  Italy 53,187

7 October 2015 2015 Rugby World Cup
2015 Rugby World Cup
Pool B  South Africa 64–0  United States 54,658

30 October 2015 2015 Rugby World Cup
2015 Rugby World Cup
Bronze final  South Africa 24–13  Argentina 55,925

Premiership Rugby[edit] At fixture launch on 7 July 2017, it was announced that Saracens would host their annual Derby Day clash against Harlequins at the London Stadium on 24 March 2018. This was the first time since 2010 that this fixture did not take place at Wembley. The match ended in a 24-11 win for Saracens in front of a crowd of 55,329 and was the first ever Aviva Premiership rugby match at the stadium. [247] Concerts[edit]

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

AC/DC
AC/DC
with Axl Rose
Axl Rose
performing the first concert at the Olympic Stadium, 4 June 2016

Date Performer(s) Opening act(s) Tour/event Attendance Notes

4 June 2016 AC/DC
AC/DC
feat. Axl Rose Tyler Bryant & The Shakedown Rock or Bust World Tour 65,000 First concert at the stadium since its redevelopment following the 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games.[248]

3 June 2017 Depeche Mode The Horrors Global Spirit Tour 65,191

16 June 2017 Guns 'N Roses Tyler Bryant & The Shakedown, The Kills Not in This Lifetime... Tour 139,267

17 June 2017

23 June 2017 Robbie Williams Erasure The Heavy Entertainment Show Tour

22 May 2018 The Rolling Stones TBA No Filter Tour

25 May 2018

15 June 2018 Beyoncé
Beyoncé
& Jay-Z TBA OTR II Tour

16 June 2018

22 June 2018 Foo Fighters Wolf Alice, Frank Carter & The Rattlesnakes Concrete and Gold Tour

23 June 2018 The Kills, Slaves, Starcrawlers

Transport[edit] Rail[edit] The stadium is located in the south of Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park. Stratford and Stratford International
Stratford International
railway stations are the main stations nearest to the Olympic Park, and are roughly a 20-minute walk to the stadium.[249] Stratford International
Stratford International
is served by trains on High Speed 1
High Speed 1
offering 4 trains per hour to St. Pancras International, as well as other services to Kent, while Stratford station
Stratford station
has London Overground services to North, West and South London, and is on the Great Eastern Main Line
Great Eastern Main Line
to East London
London
and East Anglia.[249] Stratford is on London
London
Underground's Jubilee and Central lines to Central London and the Docklands Light Railway
Docklands Light Railway
(DLR).[249] The DLR offers a direct service to London
London
City Airport. In addition, Hackney Wick (London Overground) and Pudding Mill Lane (DLR) serve the stadium, but may be closed during bigger events due to capacity limitations. From 2018 the stadium will be served by Crossrail. Stations nearby:

Service Station(s) Lines

London
London
Overground Hackney Wick Stratford North London
London
Line

Docklands Light Railway
Docklands Light Railway
Pudding Mill Lane Stratford Stratford International
Stratford International
Lewisham/Canary Wharf-Stratford Stratford International–Beckton/Woolwich Arsenal

London
London
Underground Stratford

National Rail
National Rail
Stratford Great Eastern Main Line West Anglia Main Line Lea Valley Lines

Stratford International High Speed 1

Road[edit] Travellers by car are advised to use the public car parks at Westfield Stratford City, Stratford International station
Stratford International station
and the Stratford Centre.[250] The Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park
Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park
also has several docking stations for the London
London
Cycle Hire scheme.[249] Bus and coach[edit] Buses serve the Olympic Park directly, or the nearby Stratford bus station and Stratford City bus station. The following routes serve the Olympic Park and Stadium directly:[250][251]

Route Start End Areas

108 Lewisham station Stratford International
Stratford International
station East London, South-East London, South London

308 Wanstead Clapton East London, North-East London

388 Elephant & Castle Stratford City bus station Central London, East London, South London

339 Shadwell Station Leytonstone Station East London

A further 17 services use the Stratford bus stations, which offer a network of services across East London. In addition, route 25 from Oxford Street
Oxford Street
serves Central London.[250] The following services operate through the night and provide the area with a 24-hour public transport service:

Route Start End Areas

25 Oxford Street Ilford Central London, East London

N8 Soho Hainault Central London, East London

N86 Stratford Bus Station Harold Wood East London, Romford, M25

N205 Paddington Leyton Central London, City of London, London
London
Docklands

National Express
National Express
coach services to Stratford bus station
Stratford bus station
provide a direct connection to Stansted Airport[252] and several other routes to Essex
Essex
and East Anglia.[253] References[edit]

^ " London
London
Stadium capacity clarification". West Ham United
West Ham United
F.C.  ^ http://www.london-stadium.com/faq/ ^ a b " London
London
2012: Inside track on Olympic running surface". BBC News. Retrieved 23 November 2014.  ^ a b " London
London
2012 Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
Athletics Track Completed". BBC Sport. 3 October 2011. Retrieved 14 May 2012.  ^ UK Retail Price Index
Retail Price Index
inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved November 6, 2017.  ^ Gibson, Owen (18 July 2015). "Inside West Ham's new home: how football came to 2012's Olympic July Stadium". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 December 2016.  ^ "About". Vinci Stadiums. Retrieved 24 June 2016.  ^ a b " London
London
2012: Olympic Park runners finish race". BBC News. 31 March 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2013.  ^ "New Stadium capacity increased to 60,000". West Ham United
West Ham United
F.C. Retrieved 24 March 2016.  ^ "Great Newham London
London
Run". greatrun.org. Retrieved 8 January 2017.  ^ " London
London
reveals Olympic Park Plans". BBC News. Retrieved 13 September 2015.  ^ "Hammers keen on Olympic move". BBC News. Retrieved 13 September 2015.  ^ "Eggert targets top four – and life away from Upton Park". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 13 September 2015.  ^ "Negotiations Start with Arsenal Stadium
Arsenal Stadium
Team". London
London
2012. 13 October 2006. Archived from the original on 10 February 2007. Retrieved 19 December 2007.  ^ Kernon, Sophie; McGee, Brian (16 October 2006). "Sir Robert McAlpine Chosen to Build London's Olympic Stadium". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 25 September 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2013.  ^ "Olympic stadium work starts early". BBC News. 22 May 2008. Retrieved 25 August 2013.  ^ " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
work starts early". BBC News. 11 March 2008. Retrieved 25 August 2013.  ^ Pearce, Nick (29 March 2011). " London
London
2012 Olympics: Olympic Stadium completed 'on time and under budget'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 25 August 2013.  ^ Spring, Martin (5 September 2008). "On Your Marks: Countdown to 2012, London's Olympic Stadium". Building. Retrieved 19 October 2008.  ^ " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
2012". London
London
Olympic Stadium. Archived from the original on 27 February 2012.  ^ "PVC at Olympics destined for reuse or recycling". waste recycling news. Archived from the original on 8 December 2012. Retrieved 20 August 2012.  ^ Radnedge, Aidan. "Why Plymouth Argyle and Dartford FC Are Top of Eco-Friendly League Table". Metro. Retrieved 11 March 2012.  ^ (registration required) Kortekaas, Vanessa (4 August 2011). "Dow Chemical Wraps Up Olympic Deal". Financial Times. Retrieved 4 August 2011.  ^ (registration required) Olcayto, Rory (29 May 2008). "Olympic Stadium's Latest Design Unveiled". Bdonline.co.uk. Retrieved 6 August 2011.  ^ a b c d " London
London
2012: Ten facts about the Olympic Stadium". BBC News. Retrieved 23 November 2014.  ^ "Delivering London
London
2012: the Olympic Stadium". Institution of Civil Engineering. Retrieved 10 March 2012. [dead link] ^ " London
London
Unveils 2012 Stadium Plan". BBC News. 7 November 2007. Retrieved 5 August 2008.  ^ " London
London
2012 Olympic stadium floodlights switched on – BBC News". BBC. Retrieved 30 September 2015.  ^ 27 November 2013 at (27 November 2013). "Olympic stadium floodlights finally lose their dazzle London
London
– ITV News". Itv.com. Retrieved 30 September 2015.  ^ a b "The Stadium London
London
Legacy Development Corporation". Londonlegacy.co.uk. Archived from the original on 10 September 2012. Retrieved 25 September 2012.  ^ "Final turf laid at London
London
Olympic 2012 Stadium". BBC News. Retrieved 23 November 2014.  ^ "MONDO News". Mondotrack.com. Retrieved 30 September 2015.  ^ "MONDO News". Mondotrack.com. Retrieved 30 September 2015.  ^ mirror Administrator. " London
London
2012: Olympics stadium facts and figures". mirror. Retrieved 23 November 2014.  ^ Prigg, Mark (31 July 2012). "The lights fantastic: How Danny Boyle used 'paddles' with tiny bulbs to turn Olympics audience into a giant video screen". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved 13 September 2012.  ^ Martins, Alejandra. " London
London
2012: Inside track on Olympic running surface – BBC News". BBC. Retrieved 30 September 2015.  ^ "IAAF: Athletes in London
London
will sample Rio's Olympic track surface News iaaf.org". iaaf.org. Retrieved 9 January 2017.  ^ London
London
Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
Divides Opinion". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 12 December 2007. ^ HOK's 2012 " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
Design Revealed – Images and Slideshow. Building Design. Retrieved 12 December 2007. ^ " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
Is Deflated Architecture at an Inflated Price". The Times. Retrieved 12 December 2007. ^ Thorpe, Vanessa (22 July 2012). " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
is in the running for Stirling prize gold". The Observer. London. Retrieved 25 August 2012.  ^ Youngs, Ian (14 October 2012). "Sainsbury Laboratory wins Stirling architecture prize". BBC News. Retrieved 19 October 2012.  ^ "Stadium Disappoints All Round". Building Design. Retrieved 12 December 2007. ^ "Education Inflation Calculator". Bank of England. Archived from the original on 24 March 2009. Retrieved 6 August 2011.  ^ "Boaters Preview Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park's Waterways". Retrieved 23 November 2014.  ^ Oliver Wainwright (6 April 2011). " London
London
2012 Olympic stadium by Populous". Building Design. Retrieved 23 November 2014.  ^ " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
will not reopen until August 2015 at the earliest". BBC News. 7 November 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2013.  ^ "Olympic Stadium's feature secured in historic deal between Mayor's Legacy Corporation, Newham Council
Newham Council
and West Ham United
West Ham United
football club". London
London
Legacy Development Corporation. 22 March 2013. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 19 August 2013.  ^ a b Bryan, Lee (29 March 2013). "So what are West Ham going to do to change the Olympic Stadium? New plans are revealed here". Daily Mail.  ^ William, Helen (29 May 2013). "Green light for Olympic Stadium makeover". The Independent. London. Retrieved 18 June 2013.  ^ "Stadium conversion approved". West Ham United F.C.
West Ham United F.C.
28 May 2013. Retrieved 18 June 2013.  ^ " Balfour Beatty
Balfour Beatty
awarded £154 million Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park Stadium transformation contract". Balfour Beatty. 6 January 2014.  ^ " Balfour Beatty
Balfour Beatty
lands £154m London
London
Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
conversion contract". The Independent. Retrieved 23 November 2014.  ^ "Construction Manager". Retrieved 23 November 2014.  ^ " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
contracts awarded in a major legacy milestone". London
London
Legacy Development Corporation. 25 July 2013. Archived from the original on 25 September 2013. Retrieved 19 August 2013.  ^ Rossingh, Danielle (25 July 2013). " Boris Johnson
Boris Johnson
Awards $103Mln in Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
Contracts". Bloomberg. Retrieved 19 August 2013.  ^ "Exclusive: Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
Bill May Rise £15m". Sky News. Retrieved 23 November 2014.  ^ Owen Gibson. " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
costs soar to more than £600m after roof complications". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 November 2014.  ^ " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
cost soars beyond £600m as LLDC agrees to pay further £35.9m". SkySports. Retrieved 23 November 2014.  ^ "Transformation work begins for iconic Stadium on Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park". London
London
Legacy Development Corporation. 13 August 2013. Archived from the original on 17 August 2013. Retrieved 19 August 2013.  ^ Atwal, Kay (14 August 2013). "Transformation of Stadium at Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park begins". Newham Recorder. Retrieved 24 August 2013.  ^ "New chapter for Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
as preparations for its multi use future begin". Retrieved 23 November 2014.  ^ " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
to have roof fitted before West Ham move in". The Independent. London. 20 November 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2013.  ^ Mark Shales. "Work starts on 14 new floodlight towers at former Olympic Stadium". Newham Recorder. Retrieved 30 September 2015.  ^ "Your Claret and Blue seats are coming! – West Ham United". Retrieved 14 May 2016.  ^ "New Stadium progress report". West Ham United
West Ham United
FC. Retrieved 24 June 2016.  ^ "Mark Noble shows West Ham dedication as midfielder battles UK floods for club shop's grand opening". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 24 June 2016.  ^ "Stadium in Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park
Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park
to become new national centre for athletics". Athletics Weekly. Retrieved 23 November 2014.  ^ "The future of the Stadium". Retrieved 23 November 2014.  ^ Danielle Rossingh (23 July 2013). " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
New Home of U.K. Athletics for 50 Years". Bloomberg. Retrieved 23 November 2014.  ^ "MAJOR LEGACY MILESTONE IN TRANSFORMATION OF THE STADIUM AT QUEEN ELIZABETH OLYMPIC PARK". Retrieved 23 November 2014.  ^ "Opportunity of a lifetime! University athletes set to test Olympic venues in competition". Daily Mail. London. 24 February 2011. Retrieved 15 August 2013.  ^ " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
test event to be held in May". BBC. 26 April 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2013.  ^ " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
to host evening of entertainment". IPC. 13 March 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2013.  ^ " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
is officially opened". BBC News. 6 May 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2013.  ^ "Whitehead, Cockroft and Blake celebrate new World Records". British Athletics. 8 May 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2013.  ^ "Olympic Park to host School Games". BBC News. 7 October 2011. Retrieved 15 August 2013.  ^ "School Games set to continue 2012 build-up". BBC News. 6 May 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2013.  ^ " London
London
2012 Opening and Closing Ceremony". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 7 May 2014.  ^ Rostance, Tom (9 August 2012). " David Rudisha
David Rudisha
breaks 800m world record in Olympics win". BBC Sport. Retrieved 15 August 2013.  ^ Fordyce, Tom (11 August 2012). " Usain Bolt
Usain Bolt
wins third gold in Jamaica 4x100m relay victory". BBC News. Retrieved 15 August 2013.  ^ Sheringham, Sam (10 August 2012). "USA smash world 4x100m relay record to win Olympic gold". BBC News. Retrieved 15 August 2013.  ^ "World Records Ratified". IAAF. 7 November 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2013.  ^ Fordyce, Tom (5 August 2012). " Usain Bolt
Usain Bolt
wins Olympics 100m final at London
London
2012". BBC News. Retrieved 15 August 2013.  ^ Sheringham, Sam (10 August 2012). "Pole vaulter Renaud Lavillenie breaks record". BBC News. Retrieved 15 August 2013.  ^ Fordyce, Tom (7 August 2012). " Sally Pearson
Sally Pearson
takes 100m hurdles gold". BBC News. Retrieved 15 August 2013.  ^ " Tatyana Lysenko
Tatyana Lysenko
in record throw". BBC News. 10 August 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2013.  ^ White, Jim (29 August 2012). "Paralympics 2012: Hawking opens ceremony with a 'Big Bang'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 7 May 2014.  ^ Jones, David (9 September 2012). "Para, Para, Paralympics! Coldplay rock the Games Closing Ceremony as they are joined by Rihanna to sing farewell to spectacular summer of sport". Daily Mail. Retrieved 7 May 2014.  ^ a b c d e f "Gold medal glory for Whitehead on Day 3". International Paralympic Committee. 1 September 2012. Retrieved 20 August 2013.  ^ a b c d e f "Brazilian sprinters go 1–2–3". International Paralympic Committee. 5 September 2012. Retrieved 20 August 2013.  ^ a b c d e f g h "Peacock, Weir, van Rhijn, Campbell all take gold". International Paralympic Committee. 6 September 2012. Retrieved 20 August 2013.  ^ a b c d "McFadden finally gets her gold". International Paralympic Committee. 3 September 2012. Retrieved 20 August 2013.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Athletics events come to a close". International Paralympic Committee. 8 September 2012. Archived from the original on 20 August 2013. Retrieved 20 August 2013.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Smyth, McKillop, O'Hanlon, Stilwell light up Olympic Stadium". International Paralympic Committee. 1 September 2012. Retrieved 20 August 2013.  ^ a b c d e f "Weir does it again on track". International Paralympic Committee. 4 September 2012. Retrieved 20 August 2013.  ^ a b "Record defying opening day for Athletics". International Paralympic Committee. 31 August 2012. Retrieved 20 August 2013.  ^ a b c d e f g h "Popow gets his sprinting gold". International Paralympic Committee. 8 September 2012. Retrieved 20 August 2013.  ^ "Weir closes night with historic finish". International Paralympic Committee. 3 September 2012. Retrieved 20 August 2013.  ^ "Repeat success for China's Na Mi". International Paralympic Committee. 6 September 2012. Retrieved 20 August 2013.  ^ a b "O'Hanlon nabs the double". International Paralympic committee. 8 September 2012. Retrieved 20 August 2013.  ^ a b c d "Rehm shines in long jump at Olympic Stadium". International Paralympic Committee. 31 August 2012. Retrieved 20 August 2013.  ^ a b c d e "Men's shot put takes centre stage on Day 7". International Paralympic Committee. 5 September 2012. Retrieved 20 August 2013.  ^ a b c "Repeat success for China's Na Mi". Paralympic.org. Retrieved 19 December 2013.  ^ a b c d e "Australia's Cartwright jumps for joy". International Paralympic Committee.  ^ a b c "Wang wraps up field hat trick". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 19 December 2013.  ^ "China's Yao shot to the top of the podium". International Paralympic Committee.  ^ "State aid – Detailed guidance". Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 30 September 2015.  ^ "Lawrence, S. (2012) TFEU – State Aid and Sporting Legacy Facilities within the European Union. International Sports Law Journal 2012 1–2 40–41" (PDF). Retrieved 2 February 2015.  ^ " London
London
2012 Olympics: Stadium not 'white elephant' says Hugh Robertson as West Ham confirm new bid". The Daily Telegraph. 11 October 2011.  ^ a b "2012 Stadium Bid Collapsed". ESPN Soccernet. 11 October 2011.  ^ "Tottenham demand to know if goalposts shifted during bidding for Olympic Stadium". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 16 September 2015.  ^ " London
London
2012 Olympic Games Stadium Bidding Begins". BBC News. 18 August 2010. Retrieved 18 August 2010.  ^ "Tottenham and West Ham Lead London
London
2012 Stadium Bid". BBC News. 12 November 2010.  ^ Pringle, Derek (3 November 2009). " Cricket
Cricket
Would Be a Bad Fit for Post- London
London
2012 Olympic Stadium". The Daily Telegraph.  ^ "London's Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
a Potential T20 Venue". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 6 August 2011.  ^ " Essex
Essex
Ponder Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
Use". BBC News. 15 April 2010. Retrieved 20 May 2010.  ^ "Improved Bid May Tempt Wasps into Olympic Stadium". Archived from the original on 3 February 2009. Retrieved 19 October 2008.  ^ "Olympic Board Statement on the Olympic Stadium". London
London
Organising Committee of the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games Ltd. Archived from the original on 8 August 2007. Retrieved 19 October 2008.  ^ "2012 Chief Makes Stadium Demand". BBC News. 8 October 2008. Retrieved 19 October 2008.  ^ "MLB Eyeing London's Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
for Games". Sports Illustrated. 28 March 2011. Retrieved 30 March 2012.  ^ "Olympic Stadium's grand designs post-2012 ... before West Ham emerged as bid winners". The Daily Telegraph. London. 10 February 2011. Retrieved 27 July 2012.  ^ "Hammers' Olympic Move Ruled Out". BBC News. 7 February 2007. Retrieved 7 February 2007.  ^ " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
Hopefuls Enter Next Round". Sky News. 18 August 2010. Retrieved 18 August 2010. [dead link] ^ " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
now first choice for Tottenham". The Guardian. 5 October 2010.  ^ "Tottenham maintain Olympic stadium interest is 'deadly serious'". The Guardian. 25 November 2010.  ^ "Gold and Sullivan Take Over West Ham". Archived from the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2010.  ^ "West Ham's Grounds for Optimism over Olympic Stadium". BBC Sport. 18 August 2010. Retrieved 18 August 2010.  ^ "West Ham Chosen as Preferred Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
Tenant". BBC News. 11 February 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2011.  ^ "Orient Challenge Stadium Decision". BBC News. 16 February 2011.  ^ "West Ham Approved as London
London
2012 Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
Tenant". BBC News. 3 March 2011.  ^ Kirk, Tristan (25 June 2011). "Spurs Judicial Review Bid over Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
Rejected by Judge". Haringey Independent. Archived from the original on 25 March 2012. Retrieved 13 May 2012.  ^ "Spurs Lodge Fresh Stadium Appeal". BBC News. 29 June 2011.  ^ " London
London
2012: OPLC Reviews Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
Bid Process". BBC News. Retrieved 16 July 2011. ^ "2012 Stadium Bid Not Compromised". BBC News. 22 August 2011.  ^ "Tottenham 'To Drop 2012 Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
Legal Bid'". BBC News. 23 August 2011.  ^ "Spurs Win Right To Challenge 2012 Stadium Decision". BBC News. 24 August 2011.  ^ "Coe Calms Fears over Worlds Bid". BBC News. 25 August 2011.  ^ Wilson, Neil (8 June 2011). " London
London
2012 Olympics: Coe Insists Track Will Stay at Olympic Stadium". Daily Mail. Retrieved 6 August 2011.  ^ "West Ham – Newham Statement". West Ham United F.C.
West Ham United F.C.
11 October 2011. Archived from the original on 12 October 2011. Retrieved 11 October 2011.  ^ Gold, David (31 January 2012). "West Ham Among 16 Interested in London
London
2012 Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
as Deadline Passes". insidethegames.  ^ " Tottenham Hotspur
Tottenham Hotspur
ends 2012 Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
legal bid". 17 October 2011.  ^ Davies, Trevor (18 October 2011). "Orient Seek a Move to the Olympic Stadium". East London
London
Advertiser. Retrieved 19 October 2011.  ^ " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
wanted by West Ham United
West Ham United
and 15 other parties". BBC. 1 February 2012. Retrieved 25 September 2012.  ^ "F1 track plan among Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
bids". BBC Sport. 17 July 2012.  ^ Kelso, Paul; Cary, Tom (22 June 2012). " London
London
2012 Olympics: plan to hold Formula One
Formula One
race in and around Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
on bid shortlist". The Daily Telegraph.  ^ " Essex
Essex
CCC make joint Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
bid". BBC Sport. 30 March 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012.  ^ "Mayor to take over Park legacy planning". BBC. 8 February 2012. Retrieved 25 September 2012.  ^ Kelso, Paul (12 September 2012). " London
London
2012 Olympics: Boris Johnson to take control of stadium legacy as Daniel Moylan loses job". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 25 September 2012.  ^ " West Ham United
West Ham United
are preferred bidder for Olympic Stadium". BBC News. 5 December 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2013.  ^ a b Owen Gibson (5 December 2012). "West Ham given three months to seal Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
bid". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 21 March 2013.  ^ Bond, David (5 December 2012). "West Ham given ultimatum over Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
deal". BBC Sport. Retrieved 16 January 2013.  ^ David Bond (5 December 2012). "The future of the Olympic Stadium remains far from resolved". BBC Sport. Retrieved 16 January 2013.  ^ West Ham (11 February 2013). " West Ham United
West Ham United
move closer to securing Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
deal with breakthrough agreement". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 21 March 2013.  ^ Riach, James (18 February 2013). "West Ham's move to Olympic Stadium stalls again over approval process". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 21 March 2013.  ^ "West Ham closing on Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
deal – David Gold". BBC News. 4 March 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013.  ^ "West Ham receive 99-year lease for Olympic Stadium". stadiumguide.com. 24 March 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2013.  ^ "Athletics in 50-year Olympic stadium deal coup". London
London
Evening Standard. 24 July 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2013.  ^ "New deal secures athletics legacy on Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park". Retrieved 23 November 2014.  ^ " Barry Hearn
Barry Hearn
calls for judicial review". BBC News. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013.  ^ Kelso, Paul (6 March 2013). " Leyton
Leyton
Orient launch legal bid to stop West Ham United
West Ham United
taking over the Olympic Stadium". The Daily Telegraph. London.  ^ Staniforth, Mark (7 March 2013). "Failure to share Olympic Stadium threatens London's legacy, says Hearn". Daily Mail. Press Association. Retrieved 19 August 2013.  ^ Gibson, Owen (26 April 2013). " Barry Hearn
Barry Hearn
faces Olympic Stadium defeat after rejection of review". The Guardian.  ^ Rumsby, Ben (19 April 2013). " Barry Hearn
Barry Hearn
says Orient will continue to fight for the right to share the Olympic Stadium". The Daily Telegraph. London.  ^ " Leyton
Leyton
Orient chairman Barry Hearn
Barry Hearn
defiant". BBC News. 13 June 2013. Retrieved 19 August 2013.  ^ " Leyton
Leyton
Orient lose Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
tenancy review bid". BBC News. 19 September 2013. Retrieved 19 September 2013.  ^ Richards, Chris (18 November 2013). "Peers say Leyton
Leyton
Orient SHOULD be allowed to use the Olympic Stadium". Daily Mirror.  ^ " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
'not being used to the full' – Lords report". BBC London. 19 November 2013.  ^ Conway, Richard (18 November 2013). " London
London
2012: Lords report warns of faltering Olympic legacy". BBC Sport.  ^ Gibson, Owen. " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
gutted as conversion of new home for West Ham begins". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 December 2013.  ^ Rumsby, Ben (18 December 2013). " Leyton
Leyton
Orient could share Olympic Stadium with West Ham as Barry Hearn
Barry Hearn
is cleared to strike rental deal". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 19 December 2013.  ^ Ziegler, Martyn (14 December 2013). " Leyton
Leyton
Orient could rent Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
– and there's nothing West Ham can do about it, claims Barry Hearn". The Independent. London. Retrieved 19 December 2013.  ^ " Leyton
Leyton
Orient Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
Dispute Settled". Stadia Directory. 1 July 2014. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014.  ^ Gary Anderson. " Leyton
Leyton
Orient end London
London
2012 Olympic Stadium dispute after settlement reached". insidethegames.biz – International Olympic Committee, Paralympic and Commonwealth Games News. Retrieved 23 November 2014.  ^ Benge, James (3 September 2015). "Arsenal, Chelsea and Tottenham fan coalition's call for public inquiry into West Ham Olympic stadium deal rejected by government". London
London
Evening Standard. Retrieved 4 September 2015.  ^ "Olympic Stadium: New details on West Ham deal revealed". BBC Sport. Retrieved 10 October 2015.  ^ "West Ham at the Olympic Stadium: My dog could've done a better deal – Barry Hearn". BBC Sport. 14 April 2016. Retrieved 15 April 2016.  ^ "French firm Vinci leads the race to run Olympic Stadium". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 23 November 2014.  ^ "New milestone for our new stadium". West Ham United F.C.
West Ham United F.C.
3 February 2015. Archived from the original on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2015.  ^ Shales, Mark (4 February 2015). "French construction firm to run Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
for 25 years". Newham Recorder. Retrieved 7 February 2015.  ^ "MAYOR ANNOUNCES VINCI APPOINTED AS OPERATOR FOR FORMER OLYMPIC STADIUM". Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park. 3 February 2015. Archived from the original on 6 February 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2015.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 February 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2015.  ^ Sale, Charles (6 December 2012). " Diamond League
Diamond League
meeting could be held at Olympic Stadium". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved 16 January 2013.  ^ " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
to host Diamond League
Diamond League
meeting". BBC News. 24 January 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013.  ^ Hart, Simon (13 February 2013). "Paralympic action added to London Anniversary Games at the 2012 Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
in July". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 19 February 2013.  ^ "Sainsburys's confirmed as major British Athletics
British Athletics
sponsor". UK Athletics. 15 April 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2013.  ^ Hart, Simon (15 April 2013). " Sainsbury's
Sainsbury's
announced as sponsor of Anniversary Games at Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
after agreeing deal with UK Athletics". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 15 August 2013.  ^ Majendie, Matt (27 January 2015). "" Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
is athletics' venue... not West Ham's" – UK Athletics
UK Athletics
chief De Vos has big plans for iconic arena". London
London
Evening Standard. Retrieved 7 February 2015.  ^ "Farah back in former Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
to launch the London
London
leg of the 2015 IAAF Diamond League". iaaf.org. Retrieved 30 September 2015.  ^ Mark Shales. "Mo Farah launches third Sainsbury's
Sainsbury's
Anniversary Games at Olympic Stadium". Newham Recorder. Retrieved 30 September 2015.  ^ Etchells, Daniel (26 February 2015). " London
London
2012 Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
to host IPC Athletics Grand Prix Final". Insidethegames.biz. Retrieved 30 September 2015.  ^ "London's former Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
set to host Grand Prix Final". International Paralympic Association. 26 February 2015. Retrieved 27 February 2015.  ^ "100m Schippers Asher-Smith London". iaaf.org. Retrieved 30 September 2015.  ^ " Renaud Lavillenie
Renaud Lavillenie
London
London
IAAF Diamond League". iaaf.org. Retrieved 30 September 2015.  ^ "Hahn and Hermitage break world records in London". Paralympic.org. 26 July 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2015.  ^ "See Mo Farah at the Muller Anniversary games 09.07.17 London Athletics (England Athletics) Track & Field, Disability Athletics, Coaching, Officials Volunteering". www.londonathletics.org. Retrieved 8 January 2017.  ^ " London
London
Pulls Out of 2015 World Athletics Race". BBC Sport. 4 November 2010. Retrieved 16 July 2012.  ^ "UK Bids To Host 2017 World Athletics Championships". BBC Sport. 11 March 2011. Retrieved 16 July 2012.  ^ " London
London
Bids To Host 2017 World Athletics Championships". BBC Sport. 18 August 2011. Retrieved 16 July 2012.  ^ " London
London
selected to host 2017 IAAF World Championships". International Association of Athletics Federations. 11 November 2011. Retrieved 16 January 2013.  ^ Hart, Simon (18 October 2012). " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
set to host 2017 World Paralympic Championships". The Daily Telegraph. London.  ^ " London
London
named host city for 2017 Paralympic World Championships". BBC sport. 19 December 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2012.  ^ "World Championships 2017: Mo Farah defends his 10,000m title in London". BBC. 4 August 2017.  ^ "World Championships 2017: Usain Bolt
Usain Bolt
beaten by Justin Gatlin in 100m final". BBC. 5 August 2017.  ^ " World Championships in Athletics
World Championships in Athletics
Summer of World Athletics". www.london2017athletics.com. Retrieved 8 January 2017.  ^ McLeman, Neil (22 March 2013). "Capital gains: Boris hails Olympic Stadium move as 'a great deal for West Ham and London'". Daily Mirror.  ^ Bond, David (22 March 2013). "West Ham get Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
after government ups funding". BBC Sport.  ^ "Olympic Stadium: West Ham sell out over 50,000 season tickets for next season". BBC Sport. 9 May 2016. Retrieved 24 June 2016.  ^ Long, Sam. "West Ham confirm Europa League
Europa League
third qualifying round fixture date reversed by Uefa". London
London
Evening Standard. Retrieved 21 July 2016.  ^ Steinberg, Jacob. "Cheikhou Kouyaté sets West Ham's Olympic record in win over Domžale". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 August 2016.  ^ "West Ham mark official London
London
Stadium opening with Juventus defeat". BBC Sport. 7 August 2016. Retrieved 23 August 2016.  ^ Hafez, Shamoon (21 August 2016). " West Ham United
West Ham United
1 AFC Bournemouth 0". BBC Sport. Retrieved 23 August 2016.  ^ " West Ham United
West Ham United
2–4 Watford". BBC. 10 September 2016. Retrieved 20 September 2016.  ^ "Hornets come from behind to secure astonishing West Ham win". Retrieved 20 September 2016.  ^ "Arrests after West Ham v Middlesbrough violence". BBC Sport. 2 October 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2016.  ^ "West Ham condemn stadium violence". Sky Sports. Retrieved 26 October 2016.  ^ "Middlesbrough fans attacked after West Ham game at London
London
Stadium". The Telegraph. 1 October 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2016.  ^ "Sunderland fans 'feared for their safety' at West Ham's London Stadium". Sunderland Echo. Retrieved 25 October 2016.  ^ "EFL Cup: West Ham v Chelsea tie to see enhanced security at London Stadium". BBC Sport. Retrieved 25 October 2016.  ^ "West Ham v Chelsea: Eight-year-old caught up in football violence". BBC Sport. Retrieved 28 October 2016.  ^ "West Ham v Chelsea: Arrests after London
London
Stadium crowd disorder". BBC Sport. Retrieved 28 October 2016.  ^ "West Ham: MP says club should play behind closed doors if violence is repeated". BBC Sport. Retrieved 28 October 2016.  ^ "West Ham: London
London
Stadium should be knocked down says expert". BBC Sport. Retrieved 2 November 2016.  ^ "West Ham fan 'punched Arsenal cameraman in face' at stadium". 8 December 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2016.  ^ "Fans approach players during West Ham's defeat by Burnley at London Stadium". BBC. 10 March 2018. Retrieved 11 March 2018.  ^ "West Ham fans to vote on whether to hold protest march against owners". BBC. 12 March 2018. Retrieved 13 March 2018.  ^ "West Ham want life bans for London
London
Stadium pitch invaders". BBC. 14 March 2018. Retrieved 17 March 2018.  ^ "West Ham: Karren Brady
Karren Brady
apologises for London
London
Stadium trouble". BBC. 17 March 2018. Retrieved 17 March 2018.  ^ "West Ham give lifetime bans to pitch invaders at Burnley game". BBC. 22 March 2018. Retrieved 24 March 2018.  ^ "West Ham: Further details of initial investigation into fan trouble are revealed". BBC. 23 March 2018. Retrieved 24 March 2018.  ^ "West Ham v Southampton: Extra security for London
London
Stadium game to cost taxpayers £60,000". 29 March 2018. Retrieved 30 March 2018 – via www.bbc.co.uk.  ^ "Olympic Stadium: T20 cricket deal 'in principle', say Essex". BBC Sport. 22 May 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2014.  ^ Wigmore, Tim. "ECB considering using Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
to host 2019 Cricket
Cricket
World Cup games". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 December 2016.  ^ Ben Rumsby (21 November 2015). " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
moves closer to staging the first ever Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
game in Europe". The Telegraph. Retrieved 14 May 2016.  ^ Bonald Blum (19 March 2018). "AP source: MLB hopes for Yanks-Red Sox in London
London
in 2019". Associated Press. Retrieved 19 March 2018.  ^ "London's Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
to host 2015 Race of Champions". ESPN. Retrieved 30 September 2015.  ^ William Esler at the Olympic Stadium. "Team England claim Race of Champions Nations Cup crown". Sky Sports. Retrieved 14 May 2016.  ^ William Esler at the Olympic Stadium. " Sebastian Vettel crowned Champion of Champions at Race of Champions". Sky Sports. Retrieved 14 May 2016.  ^ " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
to host England-New Zealand rugby league Test". BBC Sport. 25 February 2015. Retrieved 27 February 2015.  ^ Bower, Aaron (24 February 2015). " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
to host rugby league Test between England and New Zealand". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 February 2015.  ^ The Rugby Football League. "England to Bid For Rugby League World Cup". Rugby League.com. Retrieved 8 July 2016.  ^ " Rugby World Cup
Rugby World Cup
2015: Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
to host games". BBC News. 2 May 2013. Retrieved 24 August 2013.  ^ "Olympic Stadium: Barbarians face Samoa in first match at venue". BBC. 19 February 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2015.  ^ " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
to make rugby bow with Barbarians-Samoa ahead of World Cup ESPN Scrum". ESPN. Retrieved 30 September 2015.  ^ Purewal, Nick (19 February 2015). " Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
to get Rugby World Cup warm-up when Barbarians take on Samoa Daily Mail
Daily Mail
Online". Daily Mail. Retrieved 30 September 2015.  ^ "Sprinklers put dampener on rugby's Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
bow". BBC Sport. Retrieved 5 September 2015.  ^ "Saracens v Harlequins at London
London
Stadium". Premiership Rugby. Retrieved 11 July 2017.  ^ " Axl Rose
Axl Rose
and AC/DC
AC/DC
play first ever concert at London's Olympic Stadium". NME. 5 June 2016. Retrieved 5 June 2016.  ^ a b c d "Getting Here". London
London
Stadium. Retrieved 23 June 2016.  ^ a b c "Getting here". Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park. Retrieved 23 May 2014.  ^ "North East London
London
Bus Map" (PDF). Transport for London. Retrieved 12 July 2016.  ^ "A9 London
London
Stratford to Stansted Airport". National Express. Retrieved 12 July 2016.  ^ " London
London
(Stratford) Bus Station". National Express. Retrieved 12 July 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
(London).

Official Website London
London
2012 Olympics profile

Preceded by Beijing
Beijing
National Stadium Beijing Summer Olympics Opening and closing ceremonies (Olympic Stadium) 2012 Succeeded by Estádio do Maracanã Rio de Janeiro

Preceded by Beijing
Beijing
National Stadium Beijing Summer Paralympics Opening and closing ceremonies (Olympic Stadium) 2012 Succeeded by Estádio do Maracanã Rio de Janeiro

Preceded by Beijing
Beijing
National Stadium Beijing Olympic Athletics competitions Main venue 2012 Succeeded by Estádio Olímpico João Havelange Rio de Janeiro

Preceded by Beijing
Beijing
National Stadium Beijing Paralympic Athletics competitions Main venue 2012 Succeeded by Estádio Olímpico João Havelange Rio de Janeiro

Preceded by Beijing
Beijing
National Stadium Beijing World Championships in Athletics Main Venue 2017 Succeeded by Khalifa International Stadium Doha

Preceded by None Invictus Games Opening ceremony venue 2014 Invictus Games Succeeded by Champion Stadium Orlando

Links to related articles

v t e

West Ham United
West Ham United
Football Club

Under-23s & Academy Ladies' team Current season

History

General Old Castle Swifts F.C. Thames Ironworks F.C. Seasons Europe Managers The Boys of 86

Stadium

Hermit Road Browning Road Memorial Grounds Boleyn Ground London
London
Stadium

Culture

Fans I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles Inter City Firm Green Street World Cup Sculpture

Records

Statistics Players

Rivalries

Millwall rivalry East London
London
derbies London
London
derbies

Category: West Ham United
West Ham United
F.C. Portal:Association football Commons: West Ham United
West Ham United
FC

v t e

Summer Olympic stadiums

Panathenaic Stadium
Panathenaic Stadium
(Athens 1896) Vélodrome de Vincennes
Vélodrome de Vincennes
(Paris 1900) Francis Field (St Louis 1904) White City Stadium
White City Stadium
( London
London
1908) Stockholm Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
(Stockholm 1912) Olympisch Stadion (Antwerp 1920) Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir
Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir
(Paris 1924) Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
(Amsterdam 1928) Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
( Los Angeles
Los Angeles
1932) Olympiastadion (Berlin 1936) Wembley Stadium
Wembley Stadium
( London
London
1948) Helsinki Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
(Helsinki 1952) Melbourne Cricket
Cricket
Ground (Melbourne 1956) Stadio Olimpico
Stadio Olimpico
(Rome 1960) National Stadium (Tokyo 1964) Estadio Olímpico Universitario
Estadio Olímpico Universitario
(Mexico City 1968) Olympiastadion (Munich 1972) Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
( Montreal
Montreal
1976) Grand Arena, Lenin Stadium ( Moscow
Moscow
1980) Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
( Los Angeles
Los Angeles
1984) Seoul
Seoul
Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
( Seoul
Seoul
1988) Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys
Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys
(Barcelona 1992) Centennial Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
(Atlanta 1996) Sydney Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
(Sydney 2000) Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
(Athens 2004) Beijing National Stadium
Beijing National Stadium
( Beijing
Beijing
2008) Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
( London
London
2012) Maracanã Stadium
Maracanã Stadium
( Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
2016) New National Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
(Tokyo 2020) Stade de France
Stade de France
(Paris 2024) Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Memorial Coliseum/ Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Stadium ( Los Angeles
Los Angeles
2028)

v t e

Venues of the 2012 Summer Olympics

Olympic Zone

Aquatics Centre Basketball Arena BMX Track Eton Manor Copper Box London
London
Velodrome Olympic Stadium Riverbank Arena Water Polo Arena

River Zone

ExCeL Greenwich Park North Greenwich Arena Royal Artillery Barracks

Central Zone

All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club Earls Court Exhibition Centre Hampton Court Palace Horse Guards Parade Hyde Park Lord's Marathon Course Wembley Arena Wembley Stadium

Outside London

Dorney Lake Hadleigh Farm Lee Valley White Water Centre Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy

Football stadia

City of Coventry Stadium Hampden Park Millennium Stadium Old Trafford St James' Park

Category Commons

v t e

Venues of the 2012 Summer Paralympics

Olympic Zone

Aquatics Centre Basketball Arena Eton Manor Copper Box London
London
Velodrome Olympic Stadium Riverbank Arena

River Zone

ExCeL Greenwich Park North Greenwich Arena Royal Artillery Barracks

Outside London

Brands Hatch Dorney Lake Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy

v t e

Venues for the 2015 Rugby World Cup

Brighton
Brighton
Community Stadium (Brighton) City of Manchester Stadium
City of Manchester Stadium
(Manchester) Elland Road
Elland Road
(Leeds) Kingsholm (Gloucester) King Power Stadium
King Power Stadium
(Leicester) Millennium Stadium
Millennium Stadium
(Cardiff) Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
(London) Sandy Park
Sandy Park
(Exeter) St James' Park
St James' Park
(Newcastle upon Tyne) Stadium mk
Stadium mk
(Milton Keynes) Twickenham Stadium
Twickenham Stadium
(London) Villa Park
Villa Park
(Birmingham) Wembley Stadium
Wembley Stadium
(London)

v t e

Olympic venues in athletics

1896: Marathon (city), Panathenaic Stadium 1900: Croix-Catelan Stadium 1904: Francis Field 1908: White City Stadium 1912: Stockholm Olympic Stadium 1920: Olympisch Stadion 1924: Stade de Colombes 1928: Olympic Stadium 1932: Olympic Stadium, Riverside Drive at Griffith Park 1936: Avus Motor Road, Olympic Stadium 1948: Empire Stadium 1952: Olympic Stadium 1956: Melbourne Cricket
Cricket
Ground 1960: Arch of Constantine, Raccordo Anulare, Stadio Olimpico, Via Appia Antica, Via Cristoforo Colombo 1964: Fuchu City, Karasuyama-machi, National Stadium, Sasazuka-machi, Shinjuku 1968: Estadio Olímpico Universitario, Zócalo 1972: Olympiastadion 1976: Montreal
Montreal
Botanical Garden, Olympic Stadium, Streets of Montreal 1980: Grand Arena, Streets of Moscow 1984: Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Memorial Coliseum, Santa Monica College, Streets of Los Angeles, Streets of Santa Monica 1988: Seoul
Seoul
Olympic Stadium, Streets of Seoul 1992: Estadi Olímpic de Monjuïc, Marathon course, Mataró, Walking course 1996: Marathon course, Olympic Stadium, Walking course 2000: Marathon course, North Sydney, Olympic Stadium 2004: Marathon (city), Olympic Stadium, Panathenaic Stadium, Stadium at Olympia 2008: Beijing
Beijing
National Stadium, Olympic Green
Olympic Green
Promenade Walking course, Streets of Beijing
Beijing
Marathon course 2012: Marathon Course, Olympic Stadium 2016: Estádio Olímpico João Havelange, Pontal, Sambódromo 2020: New National Stadium 2024: Stade de France, Champs-Élysées 2028: Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Memorial Coliseum, Banc of California Stadium, Grand Park

v t e

Venues of the IAAF World Championships in Athletics

1983: Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
(Helsinki) 1987: Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
(Rome) 1991: National Stadium (Tokyo) 1993: Gottlieb Daimler Stadium (Stuttgart) 1995: Ullevi
Ullevi
(Gothenburg) 1997: Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
(Athens) 1999: Estadio de La Cartuja
Estadio de La Cartuja
(Seville) 2001: Commonwealth Stadium (Edmonton) 2003: Stade de France
Stade de France
(Paris) 2005: Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
(Helsinki) 2007: Nagai Stadium
Nagai Stadium
(Osaka) 2009: Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
(Berlin) 2011: Daegu
Daegu
Stadium 2013: Luzhniki Stadium
Luzhniki Stadium
(Moscow) 2015: Beijing
Beijing
National Stadium 2017: London
London
Stadium 2019: Khalifa International Stadium
Khalifa International Stadium
(Doha) 2021: Hayward Field
Hayward Field
(Eugene)

v t e

Premier League
Premier League
venues

Current

Anfield Bet365 Stadium City of Manchester
Manchester
Stadium Dean Court Emirates Stadium Falmer Stadium Goodison Park The Hawthorns King Power Stadium Kirklees Stadium Liberty Stadium London
London
Stadium Old Trafford St James' Park St Mary's Stadium Selhurst Park Stamford Bridge Turf Moor Vicarage Road Wembley Stadium

Former

Bloomfield Road Boundary Park Bramall Lane Cardiff
Cardiff
City Stadium Carrow Road City Ground County Ground Craven Cottage DW Stadium Elland Road Ewood Park Fratton Park Hillsborough Stadium KCOM Stadium Loftus Road Macron Stadium Madejski Stadium Molineux Oakwell Portman Road Pride Park Riverside Stadium Stadium of Light St Andrew's The Valley Valley Parade Villa Park

Demolished

Ayresome Park Baseball Ground Boleyn Ground Burnden Park The Dell Filbert Street Highbury Highfield Road Maine Road Roker Park White Hart Lane

v t e

London
London
landmarks

Buildings and structures

Bridges

Albert Bridge Blackfriars Bridge Hungerford Bridge and Golden Jubilee Bridges Lambeth Bridge London
London
Bridge Millennium Footbridge Southwark Bridge Tower Bridge Vauxhall Bridge Waterloo Bridge Westminster Bridge

Entertainment venues

Cinemas

Empire, Leicester
Leicester
Square BFI IMAX Odeon, Leicester
Leicester
Square

Football stadia

Wembley Stadium
Wembley Stadium
(national stadium) Craven Cottage
Craven Cottage
(Fulham) The Den
The Den
(Millwall) Emirates Stadium
Emirates Stadium
(Arsenal) Loftus Road
Loftus Road
(Queens Park Rangers) London
London
Stadium (West Ham United) Selhurst Park
Selhurst Park
(Crystal Palace) Stamford Bridge (Chelsea) The Valley (Charlton Athletic) White Hart Lane
White Hart Lane
(Tottenham Hotspur)

Other major sports venues

All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club The Championship Course
The Championship Course
(rowing) Crystal Palace National Sports Centre Lord's
Lord's
(cricket) Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park The Oval
The Oval
(cricket) Twickenham Stadium
Twickenham Stadium
(rugby)

Theatres

Adelphi Apollo Victoria Coliseum Criterion Dominion Lyceum Old Vic Palladium Royal National Theatre Royal Opera House Shakespeare's Globe Theatre Royal, Drury Lane Theatre Royal Haymarket Vaudeville

Other

Alexandra Palace Brixton Academy ExCeL Hammersmith Apollo O2 Arena Royal Albert Hall Royal Festival Hall Wembley Arena

Government

10 Downing Street Admiralty Arch Bank of England City Hall County Hall Guildhall Horse Guards Mansion House National Archives Old Bailey Palace of Westminster Royal Courts of Justice Scotland Yard SIS Building

Museums and galleries

British Museum Cutty Sark Golden Hinde HMS Belfast Imperial War Museum Madame Tussauds Museum of London National Gallery National Maritime Museum Natural History Museum Royal Academy of Arts Royal Observatory Science Museum Tate Britain Tate Modern Tower of London Victoria and Albert Museum

Places of worship

All Hallows-by-the-Tower BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir Bevis Marks Synagogue Methodist Central Hall Regent's Park
Regent's Park
Mosque St Martin-in-the-Fields St Mary-le-Bow St Paul's Cathedral Southwark Cathedral Westminster Abbey Westminster Cathedral

Retailing

Shops

Fortnum & Mason Hamleys Harrods Liberty Peter Jones Selfridges

Shopping centres and markets

Borough Market Brent Cross Burlington Arcade Kensington Arcade Leadenhall Market The Mall Wood Green One New Change Petticoat Lane Market Royal Exchange Westfield London Westfield Stratford City

Royal buildings

Partly occupied by the Royal Family

Buckingham Palace Clarence House Kensington Palace St James's Palace

Unoccupied

Banqueting House Hampton Court Palace Kew Palace The Queen's Gallery Royal Mews, Buckingham Palace

Skyscrapers

Broadgate Tower 1 Canada Square 8 Canada Square 25 Canada Square 1 Churchill Place 20 Fenchurch Street Heron Tower Leadenhall Building The Shard St George Wharf Tower 30 St Mary Axe Tower 42

Structures

Albert Memorial ArcelorMittal Orbit Big Ben Cleopatra's Needle Crystal Palace transmitting station London
London
Eye London
London
Wall Marble Arch The Monument Nelson's Column Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
("Eros") Thames Barrier Wellington Arch

Transport

City Airport Heathrow Airport Charing Cross station Clapham Junction station Euston station King's Cross station Liverpool Street station London
London
Bridge station Paddington
Paddington
station St Pancras station Stratford station Victoria station Waterloo station Victoria Coach Station Emirates Air Line cable car

Other

Barbican Estate Battersea Power Station British Library BT Tower Kew Gardens Lambeth Palace Lloyd's building London
London
Zoo Oxo Tower St Bartholomew's Hospital Smithfield Market Somerset House

Parks

Royal Parks

Bushy Park Green Park Greenwich Park Hampton Court Park Hyde Park Kensington Gardens Regent's Park Richmond Park St. James's Park

Other

Battersea Park Burgess Park Clapham Common College Green Epping Forest Finsbury Park Gunnersbury Park Hampstead Heath Holland Park Mitcham Common Osterley Park Trent Park Victoria Park Wandsworth Common Wimbledon Common

Squares and public spaces

Covent Garden Horse Guards Parade Leicester
Leicester
Square Parliament Square Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Circus Sloane Square Trafalgar Square

Streets

Aldwych Baker Street Bishopsgate Bond Street Carnaby Street Charing Cross Road Cheapside Cornhill Denmark Street Fenchurch Street Fleet Street Haymarket Jermyn Street Kensington High Street King's Road Lombard Street The Mall Oxford Street Park Lane Piccadilly Portobello Road Regent Street Shaftesbury Avenue Sloane Street Strand Tottenham Court Road Victoria Embankment Whitehall

v t e

Live Nation
Live Nation
Entertainment

Divisions

Live Nation Live Nation
Live Nation
Network Ticketmaster Artist Nation

Subsidiaries

Academy Music Group (51%) BigChampagne DF Concerts (part owner) Festival Republic
Festival Republic
(majority owner) Gods of Metal Hard Events MAMA & Company (joint venture)

Festivals

Big Guava BluesFest London Bospop Budweiser Made in America Calling Festival City Break Copenhell Creamfields Creamfields
Creamfields
Australia Dcode Digital Dreams Discovery Download Faster Horses FortaRock I Love Techno Impact-fest Jamboree in the Hills KISW
KISW
Pain in the Grass (partnership) Loud Park Lowlands Magic Summer Live Main Square Festival
Main Square Festival
(75%) MixTape Music Midtown North Sea Jazz Paradiso (partnership) The Peach Music Festival Pinkpop Festival Pitch Popaganda Pukkelpop PunkSpring Rock the Beach Rock Werchter Sasquatch! (partnership) Springroove Squamish (50%) Stockholm Music & Arts Summer Sonic Voodoo Watershed Way Out West WYCD
WYCD
Downtown Hoedown (partnership) De Wereld Draait Buiten Where the Wild Things Are

House of Blues clubs and theatres (owned venues in bold)

Revention Music Center Bogart's Cobb's Comedy Club Comerica Theatre Gramercy Theatre Irving Plaza The Louisville Palace NYCB Theatre at Westbury Toyota Presents Oakdale Theatre Old National Centre Punch Line San Francisco Punch Line Sacramento Saint Andrew's Hall, Detroit The Fillmore
The Fillmore
Charlotte The Fillmore
The Fillmore
Detroit The Fillmore
The Fillmore
Miami Beach The Fillmore
The Fillmore
Silver Spring Fox Performing Arts Center Riverside Municipal Auditorium The Tabernacle Wellmont Theatre Theatre of Living Arts Tower Theater Warner Theatre

Other venues (owned venues in bold)

PNC Bank Arts Center Jones Beach Theater Paramount Theatre (booking only) Union County Performing Arts Center (booking only) Glen Helen Amphitheater Irvine Meadows Amphitheatre Gibson Amphitheatre Hollywood Palladium Wiltern Theatre Hollywood Casino Amphitheatre (Tinley Park, Illinois) Huntington Bank Pavilion Bottom Lounge
Bottom Lounge
(booking) BB&T Pavilion Festival Pier River Stage at Great Plaza Boyd Theatre Starplex Pavilion Morton H. Meyerson Symphony Center
Morton H. Meyerson Symphony Center
(booking only) Palladium Ballroom (booking only) Shoreline Amphitheatre Concord Pavilion The Fillmore SF Masonic Auditorium Xfinity Center Blue Hills Bank Pavilion Orpheum Theatre Paradise Rock Club Brighton
Brighton
Music Hall Jiffy Lube Live Lakewood Amphitheatre Chastain Park
Chastain Park
Amphitheatre Cynthia Woods Mitchell Pavilion
Cynthia Woods Mitchell Pavilion
(booking only) White River Amphitheatre Ak-Chin Pavilion MidFlorida Credit Union Amphitheatre Klipsch Amphitheatre at Bayfront Park Revolution Live (booking only) Fillmore Auditorium Blossom Music Center Jacobs Pavilion
Jacobs Pavilion
(booking only) Toyota Amphitheatre Hollywood Casino Amphitheatre (Maryland Heights, Missouri) The Pageant
The Pageant
(50%) KeyBank Pavilion Coastal Credit Union Music Park Red Hat Amphitheater
Red Hat Amphitheater
(booking only) PNC Music Pavilion Uptown Amphitheater at the NC Music Factory Ruoff Home Mortgage Music Center Farm Bureau Insurance Lawn at White River State Park
White River State Park
(booking only) Mattress Firm Amphitheatre SDSU Open Air Theatre (booking only) Viejas Arena
Viejas Arena
(booking only) Xfinity Theatre Rentschler Field (booking only) Mohegan Sun Arena
Mohegan Sun Arena
(booking only) Starlight Theatre (booking only) Alpine Valley Music Theatre Riverbend Music Center (booking only) PNC Pavilion Coral Sky Amphitheatre Oak Mountain Amphitheatre Hersheypark Stadium
Hersheypark Stadium
(booking only) Sands Bethlehem Event Center (booking only) Veterans United Home Loans Amphitheater Austin360 Amphitheater Isleta Amphitheater Sandia Casino Amphitheater (booking only) Darien Lake
Darien Lake
Performing Arts Center The Pavilion (Scranton, Pennsylvania) Saratoga Performing Arts Center The Gorge Amphitheatre Jamboree in the Hills Festival Site Budweiser Stage Rogers Arena
Rogers Arena
(booking only) Commodore Ballroom Nation London
London
Stadium O2 Apollo Manchester Sheffield Arena O2 Guildhall Southampton Cream AFAS Live Ziggo Dome Motorpoint Arena Cardiff 3Arena Bord Gáis Energy Theatre Pala Alpitour Torino Palavela Palais Nikaia
Palais Nikaia
(50%) Toyota Music Factory

London
London
portal Olympics portal Paralympics portal Athletics portal English football portal Cricket
Cricket
portal Rugby union
Rugby union
portal R

.