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Lillehammer
Lillehammer
(Norwegian pronunciation: [ˈlɪl̥əhɔmɔr]) is a town and municipality in Oppland
Oppland
county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Gudbrandsdal. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Lillehammer. As of May 2011, the population of the town of Lillehammer
Lillehammer
was 26,639. The city centre is a late 19th-century concentration of wooden houses, which enjoys a picturesque location overlooking the northern part of lake Mjøsa
Mjøsa
and the river Lågen, surrounded by mountains. Lillehammer
Lillehammer
hosted the 1994 Winter Olympics and 2016 Winter Youth Olympics.[2] Before Oslo's withdrawal from consideration, it was included as part of a bid to host events in the 2022 Winter Olympics
2022 Winter Olympics
if Oslo
Oslo
were to win the rights to hold the Games.

Contents

1 Name 2 Coat-of-arms 3 History 4 Education 5 Geography

5.1 Climate

6 Economy 7 Transport 8 Attractions 9 Sport

9.1 Sports clubs

10 Notable residents 11 In popular culture 12 International relations

12.1 Twin towns — Sister cities

13 See also 14 References 15 External links

Name[edit] The municipality (originally the parish) was named after the old Hamar (Norse Hamarr) farm, since the first church was built there. The name is identical with the word hamarr (rocky hill). To distinguish it from the nearby town and bishopric, both called Hamar, it began to be called "little Hamar": Lilþlæ Hamar
Hamar
and Litlihamarr, and finally Lillehammer. It is also mentioned in the Old Norse
Old Norse
sagas as Litlikaupangr ("Little Trading Place").[3][4] Coat-of-arms[edit] The coat-of-arms was granted in 1898 and shows a birkebeiner, carrying a spear and a shield, who is skiing down a mountainside. It symbolizes the historical importance of when the Birkebeiners carried the to-be-King Haakon from Lillehammer
Lillehammer
to Rena on skis.[5] History[edit]

Lillehammer
Lillehammer
Church

The area has been settled since the Norwegian Iron Age; it is also mentioned as a site for council in 1390. Lillehammer
Lillehammer
had a lively market by the 1800s and obtained rights as a merchant city on 7 August 1827, at which point there were 50 registered residents within its boundaries.[citation needed] The town of Lillehammer
Lillehammer
was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838. Further information: formannskapsdistrikt The rural municipality of Fåberg
Fåberg
was merged into the municipality of Lillehammer
Lillehammer
on 1 January 1964.[citation needed] Lillehammer
Lillehammer
was the site of the Lillehammer affair in 1973, wherein operatives of the Israeli Mossad
Mossad
shot and killed a Moroccan waiter they mistakenly thought was Ali Hassan Salameh, who was involved in the Munich Massacre. Lillehammer
Lillehammer
is known as a typical venue for winter sporting events; it was host city of the 1994 Winter Olympics, and the 2016 Winter Youth Olympics, and was part of a joint bid with applicant host city Oslo
Oslo
to host events part of the 2022 Winter Olympics
2022 Winter Olympics
until Oslo
Oslo
withdrew its bid on 1 October 2014. Education[edit] A number of schools are located in Lillehammer
Lillehammer
including the Hammartun Primary and Lower Secondary School, Søre Ål Primary School and Kringsjå Primary and Lower Secondary School. Lillehammer
Lillehammer
Public High School consists of two branches, North and South, both situated near the city center. The private High school Norwegian College of Elite Sports, NTG, also has a branch in Lillehammer. The Lillehammer
Lillehammer
campus of Inland Norway
Norway
University of Applied Sciences is situated just north of the town itself. Lillehammer
Lillehammer
is also the home of the Nansen Academy - the Norwegian Humanistic Academy. The Nansen Academy is an educational institution for adult students with varied political, religious, and cultural backgrounds. The Academy was founded on the core principles of humanism and aims at strengthening the knowledge of these principles. The 14th World Scout Jamboree was held from July 29 to August 7, 1975 and was hosted by Norway
Norway
at Lillehammer. Geography[edit] Lillehammer
Lillehammer
is situated in the lower part of Gudbrandsdal, at the northern head of lake Mjøsa, and is located to the south of the municipality of Øyer, to the southeast of Gausdal, northeast of Nordre Land, and to the north of Gjøvik, all in Oppland
Oppland
county. To the southeast, it is bordered by Ringsaker
Ringsaker
municipality in Hedmark county. To the northwest is the mountain Spåtind.

Climate[edit] By Norwegian standards, Lillehammer
Lillehammer
has an inland climate, with the Scandinavian mountain chain to the west and north limiting oceanic influences. The record high of 34 °C was recorded in June 1970. The record low of -31 °C was recorded in December 1978 and January 1979, and the same low was recorded in January 1987. Recent decades have seen warming. There has been no overnight air frost in August since 1978, and the coldest recorded temperature after 2000 is -26.2 °C in January 2010. The current weather station Lillehammer-Sætherengen became operational in 1982; extremes are also from two earlier weather stations in Lillehammer.

Climate data for Lillehammer
Lillehammer
(240 m; average temperatures 2004 - 2015; extremes 1957 - 2015)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 10.4 (50.7) 12.5 (54.5) 16.0 (60.8) 23.4 (74.1) 27.9 (82.2) 34.0 (93.2) 31.1 (88) 33.0 (91.4) 26.4 (79.5) 19.5 (67.1) 16.2 (61.2) 11.3 (52.3) 34 (93.2)

Average high °C (°F) −3.5 (25.7) −2.6 (27.3) 3.3 (37.9) 9.7 (49.5) 14.8 (58.6) 19.5 (67.1) 21.6 (70.9) 19.6 (67.3) 15.1 (59.2) 7.3 (45.1) 1.0 (33.8) −2.3 (27.9) 8.63 (47.53)

Daily mean °C (°F) −5.5 (22.1) −5.6 (21.9) −0.9 (30.4) 4.8 (40.6) 9.6 (49.3) 14.0 (57.2) 16.7 (62.1) 15.3 (59.5) 10.7 (51.3) 4.6 (40.3) −1.0 (30.2) −4.5 (23.9) 4.85 (40.73)

Average low °C (°F) −7.6 (18.3) −8.5 (16.7) −5.1 (22.8) 0.1 (32.2) 4.4 (39.9) 8.6 (47.5) 11.7 (53.1) 10.9 (51.6) 6.3 (43.3) 1.9 (35.4) −3.0 (26.6) −6.7 (19.9) 1.08 (33.94)

Record low °C (°F) −31.0 (−23.8) −29.5 (−21.1) −23.5 (−10.3) −14.0 (6.8) −5.4 (22.3) −2.2 (28) 0.5 (32.9) −0.6 (30.9) −5.8 (21.6) −14.5 (5.9) −22.5 (−8.5) −31.0 (−23.8) −31 (−23.8)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 39 (1.54) 31 (1.22) 36 (1.42) 32 (1.26) 50 (1.97) 66 (2.6) 76 (2.99) 77 (3.03) 74 (2.91) 75 (2.95) 59 (2.32) 45 (1.77) 660 (25.98)

Mean monthly sunshine hours 28 68 126 168 212 242 237 195 136 83 44 18 1,557

Source #1: [6]

Source #2: [7]

Economy[edit] The basis for the city's commerce is its position as the northernmost point of the lake Mjøsa
Mjøsa
and as the gateway for the Gudbrandsdal region, through which the historical highway to Trondheim
Trondheim
passes. The Mesna river has provided the basis for several small industries through the years, but Lillehammer
Lillehammer
is now all but industry-less. Transport[edit]

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One of the major Norwegian rail lines, the Dovre
Dovre
Line, runs from Hamar to the north through Lillehammer
Lillehammer
on its way up the Gudbrandsdal, to terminate in Trondheim. European route E6
European route E6
passes through Lillehammer. Attractions[edit]

Storgata shopping area

In addition to the Olympic site, Lillehammer
Lillehammer
offers a number of other tourist attractions:

Maihaugen, centrally located in Lillehammer, is the largest open-air museum in Norway, with 185 buildings, mostly from Lillehammer
Lillehammer
and the valley of Gudbrandsdalen. Garmo stave church
Garmo stave church
(built around 1150) The Norwegian Olympic Museum
Norwegian Olympic Museum
is the only museum in Northern Europe that shows whole the Olympic history from the ancient times and up to today, including all Summer- and Wintergames. The museum also houses the Norwegian Sports Hall of Fame and a special section about the Lillehammer
Lillehammer
`94 Olympic Wintergames. The Museum is located in the indoor museum at Maihaugen. Lillehammer
Lillehammer
Art Museum Hafjell
Hafjell
(Ski resort 15 km (9 mi) from Lillehammer, host of slalom and super-G in the Olympic games 1994) Kvitfjell
Kvitfjell
(Ski resort 55 km (34 mi) from Lillehammer, host of downhill in the Olympic games 1994) The PS Skibladner
Skibladner
is the world's oldest paddle steamer in scheduled service, launched in 1856. Summer sailings around lake Mjøsa: Lillehammer, Moelv, Gjøvik, Hamar, and Eidsvoll. The ski jump at Lysgårdsbakkene. Sjusjøen is a skiing destination with forest and mountain terrain only 20 kilometres (12 miles) away (east) from the centre of Lillehammer
Lillehammer
in the municipality of Ringsaker. The Sambandets Utdanning og Kompetansesenter is an army unit located in the camp Jørstadmoen
Jørstadmoen
3–4 km (2–2 miles) northwest of Lillehammer. The rock carvings at Drotten, Fåberg, west of Gudbrandsdalslågen about 1.5 km (0.9 mi) above Brunlaug bridge. The sculpture Mothership with Standing Matter by Antony Gormley
Antony Gormley
in a pavilion by Snøhetta architects close to Lillehammer
Lillehammer
Station.

The official tourist information for the Lillehammer-region provides more information about activities and attractions in the region Sport[edit]

Olympic ski jump

Sports clubs[edit]

Lillehammer
Lillehammer
Ishockeyklubb (The team competes in Norway's major hockey league, the GET-League.) Lillehammer
Lillehammer
Orienteringsklubb Lillehammer
Lillehammer
Skiklubb Lillehammer
Lillehammer
Fotballklubb Roterud Idrettslag

Notable residents[edit]

Atle Antonsen, a Norwegian comic and actor, was born in Lillehammer.[8] Sigrid Undset
Sigrid Undset
lived in Lillehammer
Lillehammer
at her home "Bjerkebæk" from 1919 through 1940. She brought her children with her for a short rest, planning on returning to Oslo
Oslo
but chose to remain in Lillehammer. She wrote her most famous works there: the three-volume Kristin Lavransdatter, the six-volume Sverkholt tales, and the four-volume Olav Audunssønn. In 1940, because she had expressed strong anti-Nazi sentiments since the early 1930s, she fled Lillehammer
Lillehammer
before the invading German army reached the town. She returned to Lillehammer after the war and died there in 1949. She is buried at the cemetery in Mesnali, a nearby village.[9] Ingrid Olava, a Norwegian singer and musician was born and grew up in Lillehammer.

In popular culture[edit]

The Norwegian-American Netflix
Netflix
Original series Lilyhammer
Lilyhammer
takes place in Lillehammer. The show stars Steven Van Zandt, who plays Frank "the Fixer" Tagliano, a New York mobster who moves to Lillehammer
Lillehammer
through the U.S. Witness Protection Program after being inspired by the 1994 Winter Olympics to relocate to Norway.

Toki Wartooth the fictional guitarist from the adult swim tv show metalocalypse was born and raised here International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Norway Twin towns — Sister cities[edit] The following cities are twinned with Lillehammer:[10]

- Autrans, Isère, France - Sarajevo, Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina - Hayward, Wisconsin, United States - Hørsholm, Region Hovedstaden, Denmark - Leksand, Dalarna County, Sweden - Oberhof, Thuringia, Germany - Oulainen, Oulu Province, Finland - Shiozawa, Niigata
Shiozawa, Niigata
Prefecture, Japan

Lillehammer
Lillehammer
has also friendly connections with

- Düsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany - Minakami, Gunma
Minakami, Gunma
Prefecture, Japan - Bujanovac, Serbia - Radviliškis, Lithuania[11]

See also[edit]

European Youth Parliament Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2004 St. Mary Church, Lillehammer

References[edit]

^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.  ^ Lillehammer
Lillehammer
awarded 2016 Winter Youth Olympic Games ^ Rygh, Oluf (1900). Norske gaardnavne: Kristians amt (in Norwegian) (4 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 219.  ^ "Lillehammers historie" (in Norwegian). Lillehammer
Lillehammer
kommune. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 4 January 2009.  ^ "Historiske Linjer" (in Norwegian). National Archives of Norway. Retrieved 4 January 2009.  ^ "Eklima / met.no, sun hours from Kise 40 km south of Lillehammer". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Retrieved 11 September 2016.  ^ "Infoclimat.fr". Infoclimat.fr.observations-meteo. Retrieved 11 September 2016.  ^ http://www.filmweb.no/profil/article859691.ece ^ http://eng.bjerkebek.no/Sigrid-Undset/The-Family ^ "Lillehammers vennskapsbyer" (Microsoft Word) (in Norwegian). Lillehammer
Lillehammer
kommune. Retrieved 31 May 2014.  ^ "Radviliskis". Radviliskis. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 3 May 2014. 

External links[edit]

Look up lillehammer in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lillehammer.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Lillehammer.

Municipal fact sheet from Statistics Norway Oppland
Oppland
travel guide from Wikivoyage Lillehammer
Lillehammer
Tourist Office Gudbrandsdalen
Gudbrandsdalen
Region Hafjell
Hafjell
ski resort 20 km (12 mi) north from Lillehammer Kvitfjell
Kvitfjell
ski resort 55 km (34 mi) north from Lillehammer Inland Norway
Norway
University of Applied Sciences Lillehammer
Lillehammer
Icehockey Club (in Norwegian) Olympic Park in Lillehammer Pictures from the Olympic games in 1994¨ Norwegian Olympic Museum

v t e

Municipalities of Oppland

Gudbrandsdalen

Midtdalen

Nord-Fron Sør-Fron Ringebu

Norddalen

Dovre Lesja Lom Sel Skjåk Vågå

Sørdalen

Gausdal Lillehammer Øyer

Valdres

Nord-Aurdal Sør-Aurdal Etnedal Vestre Slidre Øystre Slidre Vang

Vest- Oppland

Gjøvik

Hadeland

Gran Lunner Jevnaker

Land

Nordre Søndre

Toten

Østre Vestre

v t e

Winter Olympic Games
Winter Olympic Games
host cities

1924: Chamonix 1928: St. Moritz 1932: Lake Placid 1936: Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1940: Cancelled due to World War II 1944: Cancelled due to World War II 1948: St. Moritz 1952: Oslo 1956: Cortina d'Ampezzo 1960: Squaw Valley 1964: Innsbruck 1968: Grenoble 1972: Sapporo 1976: Innsbruck 1980: Lake Placid 1984: Sarajevo 1988: Calgary 1992: Albertville 1994: Lillehammer 1998: Nagano 2002: Salt Lake City 2006: Turin 2010: Vancouver 2014: Sochi 2018: Pyeongchang 2022: Beijing 2026: TBD 2030: TBD

v t e

Winter Paralympic Games
Winter Paralympic Games
host cities

1976: Örnsköldsvik 1980: Geilo 1984: Innsbruck 1988: Innsbruck

1992: Albertville 1994: Lillehammer 1998: Nagano 2002: Salt Lake City

2006: Turin 2010: Vancouver 2014: Sochi 2018: PyeongChang

2022: Beijing

v t e

Youth Olympic Games
Youth Olympic Games
Host Cities

Summer Youth Olympics

2010: Singapore
Singapore
• 2014: Nanjing
Nanjing
• 2018: Buenos Aires

Winter Youth Olympics

2012: Innsbruck
Innsbruck
• 2016: Lillehammer

v t e

Sport in Lillehammer

Clubs

Faaberg IL Lillehammer
Lillehammer
FK Lillehammer
Lillehammer
IF Lillehammer
Lillehammer
IK Lillehammer
Lillehammer
Skiklub Lillehammer
Lillehammer
Skøiteklubb Søre Ål IL

Venues

Balbergbakken (closed) Håkons Hall Kanthaugen Freestyle Arena Kristins Hall Lillehammer
Lillehammer
Olympic Bobsleigh and Luge Track Lillehammer
Lillehammer
Stadium (closed) Lysgårdsbakken Stampesletta

Events

World All-Round Speed Skating Championships for Women 1953 World Ice Hockey Championships

1989 (Group B) 1999

World Women's Handball Championship

1993 1999

1994 Winter Olympics 1994 Winter Paralympics 2008 European Men's Handball Championship 2010 European Women's Handball Championship 2016 Winter Youth Olympics

v t e

Most populous urban areas of Norway

As of 1 January 2014, according to Statistics Norway
Norway
[1]

1. Oslo 942,084

2. Bergen 251,281

3. Stavanger/Sandnes 207,439

4. Trondheim 172,226

5. Drammen 112,123

6. Fredrikstad/Sarpsborg 107,920

7. Porsgrunn/Skien 91,349

8. Kristiansand 59,681

9. Tønsberg 50,372

10. Ålesund 50,345

11. Moss 45,017

12. Sandefjord 42,345

13. Arendal 42,145

14. Haugesund 40,631

15. Bodø 39,384

16. Tromsø 33,319

17. Hamar 26,232

18. Halden 24,707

19. Larvik 23,579

20. Askøy 21,911

21. Kongsberg 20,670

22. Harstad 20,533

23. Molde 20,327

24. Horten 20,036

25. Gjøvik 19,604

26. Lillehammer 19,586

27. Mo i Rana 18,592

28. Kristiansund 18,300

29. Korsvik 16,385

30. Tromsdalen 16,271

31. Jessheim 15,966

32. Hønefoss 15,154

33. Ski 14,446

34. Alta 14,430

35. Elverum 14,326

36. Narvik 14,202

37. Askim 13,822

38. Leirvik 13,717

39. Drøbak 13,445

40. Nesoddtangen 12,428

41. Osøyro 12,296

42. Vennesla 12,242

43. Steinkjer 12,224

44. Grimstad 12,172

45. Arna 11,960

46. Kongsvinger 11,938

47. Råholt 11,828

48. Stjørdalshalsen 11,453

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 130122740 LCCN: n81012170 GND: 4114419-3 BNF: cb122012655 (d

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