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LIGUE 1 (French pronunciation: ​ ), also called LIGUE 1 CONFORAMA for sponsorship reasons with Conforama , is a French professional league for men's association football clubs. At the top of the French football league system , it is the country's primary football competition. Administrated by the Ligue de Football Professionnel , Ligue 1
Ligue 1
is contested by 20 clubs and operates on a system of promotion and relegation with Ligue 2 .

Seasons run from August to May. Teams play 38 matches each (playing each team in the league twice, home and away), totaling 380 matches in the season. Most games are played on Saturdays and Sundays, with a few games played during weekday evenings. Play is regularly suspended the last weekend before Christmas
Christmas
for two weeks before returning in the second week of January. Ligue 1
Ligue 1
is one of the top national leagues, currently ranked fifth in Europe behind Spain's La Liga
La Liga
, England's Premier League
Premier League
, Germany's Bundesliga
Bundesliga
and Italy's Serie A
Serie A
.

Ligue 1
Ligue 1
was inaugurated on 11 September 1932 under the name National before switching to Division 1 after a year of existence. The name lasted until 2002 before switching to its current name. AS Saint-Étienne is the most successful club with ten league titles in France
France
while Olympique Lyonnais is the club that has won the most consecutive titles (seven between 2002 and 2008). With the presence of 68 seasons in Ligue 1, Olympique de Marseille
Olympique de Marseille
hold the record for most seasons among the elite, while FC Nantes
FC Nantes
and Paris Saint-Germain
Paris Saint-Germain
holds the League record for longevity with 44 consecutive seasons (respectively 1963–2007 and 1974-2018). The current champions are AS Monaco
Monaco
FC , who won their eighth title in the 2016-17 season .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Foundation * 1.2 Establishment

* 2 Competition format

* 2.1 European qualification

* 3 Clubs

* 3.1 Members for 2016–17

* 4 Finances * 5 Performance by club

* 6 Records

* 6.1 Most Appearances * 6.2 Goalscorers

* 7 Media coverage

* 7.1 France
France
* 7.2 Europe * 7.3 Other countries

* 8 Awards

* 8.1 Trophy * 8.2 Monthly and annual

* 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links

HISTORY

FOUNDATION

Prior to 1930, professionalism in French football was non-existent. In July 1930, the National Council of the French Football Federation voted 128–20 in support of professionalism in French football. The founding fathers of professionalism in French football are Georges Bayrou, Emmanuel Gambardella, and Gabriel Hanot . Professionalism was officially implemented in 1932.

In order to successfully create a professional football league in the country, the Federation limited the league to twenty clubs. In order to participate in the competition, clubs were subjected to three important criteria:

* The incoming club must have had positive results in the past. * The incoming club must be able to pull in enough revenue to balance its finances. * The incoming club must be able to successfully recruit at least eight professional players.

Many clubs disagreed with the subjective criteria, most notably Strasbourg , RC Roubaix , Amiens SC , and Stade Français , while others like Rennes and Olympique Lillois were reluctant to become professional due to a variety of reasons, mostly due to fear of bankruptcy with Rennes and a conflict of interest with the latter club, as the team's president Henri Jooris also served as chairman of the Ligue du Nord. Jooris feared his league would fold and proposed it become the second division of the new league. Eventually, many clubs earned professional status, though it became more difficult to convince Northern clubs with Strasbourg, RC Roubaix, and Amiens still refusing to accept the new league, though Mulhouse , Excelsior AC Roubaix , Metz , and Fives accepted professionalism. On the other side, clubs in the south of France
France
such as Olympique de Marseille
Olympique de Marseille
, Hyères , SO Montpellier , SC Nîmes , Cannes , Antibes , and Nice were extremely supportive of the new league and accepted their professional status without argument.

ESTABLISHMENT

DIVISION 1 CHAMPIONS (PRE-WWII) SEASON WINNER

1932–33 Olympique Lillois

1933–34 Sète

1934–35 Sochaux

1935–36 Racing Club de France
France

1936–37 Marseille

1937–38 FC Sochaux-Montbéliard
FC Sochaux-Montbéliard

1938–39 Sète

Further information: French football champions

The league's inaugural season of the all-professional league, called National, was held in 1932–1933 . The 20 inaugural members of National were Antibes , CA Paris , Cannes , Club Français , Excelsior AC Roubaix , Fives , Hyères , Marseille , Metz , Mulhouse , Nice , Nîmes , Olympique Alès , Olympique Lillois , Racing Club de France
France
, Red Star Olympique , Rennes , Sochaux , Sète , and Montpellier . The 20 clubs were inserted into two groups of 10 with the bottom three of each group suffering relegation to Division 2. The two winners of each group would then face each other in a final held at a neutral venue, which later turned out to the Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir . The first final was held on 14 May 1933 and it matched the winner of Group A, Olympique Lillois, against the runner-up of Group B, Cannes. Antibes, the winner of Group B, was supposed to take part in the final but was suspected of bribery by the French Football Federation
French Football Federation
and was forced into disqualification. In the first final, Lillois were crowned the inaugural champions following the club's 4–3 victory. After the season, the league decided to retain the 14 clubs and not promote any sides from the second division. The league also agreed to change its name from National to simply Division 1. For the 1934–35 season , the league organized a legitimate promotion and relegation system bringing the total tally of clubs in the first division to 16. The number remained until the 1938–39 season .

Because of World War II, football was suspended by the French government and the Ligue de Football Professionnel, although its member clubs continued playing in regional competitions. During the "war championships", as they are called, professionalism was abolished by the Vichy regime and clubs were forced to participate in regional leagues, designated as Zone Sud and Zone Nord. Due to its non-association with the two leagues, the LFP and FFF do not recognize the championships won by the clubs and thus 1939–1945 is non-existent in the two organizations' view. Following the conclusion of the war and the liberation of France
France
, professional football returned to France. The first division increased its allotment of clubs to 18. This number remained until the 1965–66 season when the number was increased to 20. In 2002, the league changed its name from Division 1 to Ligue 1.

COMPETITION FORMAT

There are 20 clubs in Ligue 1. During the course of a season, usually from August to May, each club plays the others twice, once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents, for a total of 38 games, though special circumstances may allow a club to host matches at other venues such as when Lille hosted Lyon at the Stade de France in 2007 and 2008. Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. No points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, then goal difference , and then goals scored. At the end of each season, the club with the most points is crowned champion. If points are equal, the goal difference and then goals scored determine the winner. If still equal, teams are deemed to occupy the same position. If there is a tie for the championship, for relegation, or for qualification to other competitions, a play-off match at a neutral venue decides rank. The three lowest placed teams are relegated to Ligue 2 and the top three teams from Ligue 2 are promoted in their place. For the 2015/16 season only 2 teams will be relegated and only 2 teams from Ligue 2 will be promoted but this decision was overturned and 3 teams where relegated and 3 teams promoted.

Previously, the league utilized a different promotion and relegation format. Prior to 1995, the league's format was direct relegation of the bottom two teams and a play-off between the third-last first-division team and the winner of the second-division play-offs, similar to the Dutch Eredivisie , and the German Bundesliga
Bundesliga
. The league has also experimented with a "bonus" rule. From 1973 to 1976, a rule rewarded teams scoring three or more goals in a game with one extra point, regardless of outcome, with the objective of encouraging offensive play. The experience was ultimately inconclusive. At the start of the 2006–07 season , the league introduced an Attacking Play Table to encourage the scoring of more goals in Ligue 1
Ligue 1
and Ligue 2 . The LFP, with the help of the former manager Michel Hidalgo introduced the idea to reward those teams who score the most goals. The table was similar to the previous idea, but was independent from the official league table and clubs were only rewarded with monetary bonuses.

The 2016–17 season will see the return of a relegation play-off between the 18th placed Ligue 1
Ligue 1
team and the 3rd placed team in the Ligue 2 on a two-legged confrontation. The Ligue 2 team will host the first game.

EUROPEAN QUALIFICATION

Currently, as determined by the UEFA
UEFA
coefficient , the top three teams in Ligue 1
Ligue 1
qualify for the Champions League , with the top two proceeding directly to the group phase. The third-placed team enters in the third qualifying round. The fourth-placed team qualifies for the UEFA
UEFA
Europa League . The other two Europa League places are determined through the country's two domestic cup competitions, the Coupe de France
France
and Coupe de la Ligue
Coupe de la Ligue
. If both of the cup winners qualify for Europe through their league position, the fifth and sixth-placed teams in Ligue 1
Ligue 1
will qualify for the Europa League. The league can also be awarded a European place based on their UEFA
UEFA
Fair Play ranking . The league operates a Fair Play table to determine the winning club if France
France
turns out to be the winning nation based on their Fair Play ranking.

CLUBS

Main article: List of Ligue 1 clubs

A total of 76 clubs have played in Ligue 1
Ligue 1
from its foundation in the 1932–33 season to the start of the 2011–12 season. Currently, Marseille , Montpellier , Nice , and Rennes are the only founding members of the league to be playing in Ligue 1. Paris Saint-Germain
Paris Saint-Germain
is the only club to have not suffered points relegation. They earned promotion to the first division for the 1974–75 season and has not faltered down since. Paris Saint-Germain
Paris Saint-Germain
was administratively relegated by the league following its split from Paris FC
Paris FC
in 1972, but returned to the top flight two seasons later.

Internationally, the most well-known French clubs include Paris Saint-Germain , Olympique de Marseille
Olympique de Marseille
, AS Monaco
Monaco
, Olympique Lyonnais , AS Saint-Etienne , Lille OSC and Girondins de Bordeaux .

MEMBERS FOR 2016–17

The following 20 clubs compete in the 2016–17 Ligue 1
2016–17 Ligue 1
season. As of end of 2016–2017 Ligue 1
Ligue 1
season Angers Bastia Bordeaux Caen Dijon Guingamp Lille Lorient Lyon Marseille Metz Monaco
Monaco
Montpellier Nancy Nantes Nice Paris SG
Paris SG
Rennes St-Étienne Toulouse Location of teams in 2016–17 LIGUE 1

Club Position in 2015–16 First season in top division Seasons in Ligue 1
Ligue 1
First season of current spell in top division Ligue 1 titles Last Ligue 1
Ligue 1
title

Angers 0109th 1956–57 24 2015–16 0 —

Bastia 00410th 1968–69 33 2012–13 0 —

Bordeaux 00411th 1945–46 63 1992–93 6 2008–09

Caen 0047th 1988-89 15 2014-15 0 —

Dijon 010L2 : 2nd 2011–12 1 2016–17 0 —

Guingamp 00416th 1995–96 10 2013–14 0 —

Lille 0045th 1945–46 56 2000–01 3 2010–11

Lorient 00415th 1998–99 12 2006–07 0 —

Lyon 0042nd 1951–52 57 1989–90 7 2007–08

Marseille a 00413th 1932–33 66 1996–97 9 2009–10

Metz a 010L2 : 3rd 1932–33 58 2016–17 0 —

Monaco
Monaco
0043rd 1953–54 57 2013–14 7 2016–17

Montpellier a 01012th 1932–33 24 2009–10 1 2011–12

Nancy 010L2 : 1st 1970–71 29 2016–17 0 —

Nantes 01014th 1963–64 48 2013–14 8 2000–01

Nice a 0104th 1932–33 57 2002–03 4 1958–59

PSG 0101st 1971–72 43 1974–75 6 2015–16

Rennes a 0108th 1932–33 59 1994–95 0 —

Saint-Étienne 0106th 1938–39 63 2004–05 10 1980–81

Toulouse 01017th 1982–83 28 2003–04 0 —

a: Founding member of Ligue 1

FINANCES

Main article: Direction Nationale du Contrôle de Gestion

Ligue 1
Ligue 1
clubs' finances and budgets are managed by the DNCG , an organisation responsible for monitoring the accounts of professional association football clubs in France. It was founded in 1984 and is an administrative directorate of the Ligue de Football Professionnel (LFP). The mission of the DNCG is to oversee all financial operations of the 44 member clubs of the LFP, develop the resources of professional clubs, apply sanctions to those clubs breaking the rules of operation, defend the morals and interests of French football in general.

Following a report by the DNCG, it was determined that the combined budget of Ligue 1
Ligue 1
clubs was €910 million for the 2005–06 season, a 39% increase from the 2002–03 season . The prominent reason for the rise was mainly associated with the television rights deal the league regularly signs. Excluding Paris Saint-Germain
Paris Saint-Germain
, many of the top division clubs are extremely healthy with clubs such as Auxerre , Bordeaux , Lille , and Lyon being referred to as "managed to perfection". However, recently the DNCG has encouraged clubs to concentrate on limiting their "skyrocketing wage bills and the magnitude of their debts" after it was discovered that the LFP clubs accounts as a whole were in the red for the third consecutive season (2008–2011) with an estimated deficit of €130 million. In 2012, the LFP announced that the clubs deficit had been cut in half from €130 million to €65 million. Ligue 1
Ligue 1
ranks fifth in terms of revenue brought in by clubs with the league bringing in £0.6 billion for the 2006–07 season trailing England, Italy, Spain, and Germany.

In terms of world football, clubs Lyon and Marseille are among the richest football clubs in the world and regularly feature in the Deloitte Football Money League ranking of football clubs by revenue generated from football operations. In the list compiled in the 2008–09 season Lyon ranked 13th among clubs generating approximately €139.6 million, while Marseille were right behind them in 14th position generating €133.2 million.

PERFORMANCE BY CLUB

Main article: List of French football champions The Ligue 1 trophy: L'hexagoal

This list contains the champions and runners-up from the professional era (1932–present). The champions from the 1893–1929 period are not included. For the complete list read the main article. BOLD indicates clubs currently playing in 2017–18 Ligue 1 .

CLUB WINNERS RUNNERS-UP WINNING YEARS

SAINT-ÉTIENNE 10 3 1956–57, 1963–64, 1966–67, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1969–70, 1973–74, 1974–75, 1975–76, 1980–81

MARSEILLE 9 12 1936–37, 1947–48, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1988–89, 1989–90, 1990–91, 1991–92, 2009–10

NANTES 8 7 1964–65, 1965–66, 1972–73, 1976–77, 1979–80, 1982–83, 1994–95, 2000–01

MONACO 8 6 1960–61, 1962–63, 1977–78, 1981–82, 1987–88, 1996–97, 1999–00, 2016–17

LYON 7 5 2001–02 , 2002–03 , 2003–04 , 2004–05 , 2005–06 , 2006–07 , 2007–08

BORDEAUX 6 9 1949–50, 1983–84, 1984–85, 1986–87, 1998–99, 2008–09

PARIS SAINT-GERMAIN 6 8 1985–86, 1993–94, 2012–13 , 2013–14 , 2014–15 , 2015–16

Reims 6 3 1948–49, 1952–53, 1954–55, 1957–58, 1959–60, 1961–62

NICE 4 3 1950–51, 1951–52, 1955–56, 1958–59

LILLE 3 6 1945–46, 1953–54, 2010–11

Sochaux 2 3 1934–35, 1937–38

Sète 2 – 1933–34, 1938–39

Lens 1 4 1997–98

RCF Paris 1 2 1935–36

STRASBOURG 1 1 1978–79

Olympique Lillois 1 – 1932–33

Roubaix-Tourcoing 1 – 1946–47

Auxerre 1 – 1995–96

MONTPELLIER 1 – 2011–12

Nîmes – 4 –

Cannes – 1 –

Fives – 1 –

TOULOUSE – 1 –

METZ – 1 –

NOTES:

* Marseille were stripped of their title by the LFP after being found guilty of bribery in 1992–93 French Division 1 . No winner was declared for that season.

RECORDS

Main article: Ligue 1 records Main article: List of Ligue 1
Ligue 1
top scorers

MOST APPEARANCES

PLAYER PERIOD CLUB GAMES

1 Mickaël Landreau 1997–2014 Nantes , Paris Saint-Germain
Paris Saint-Germain
, Lille , Bastia 618

2 Jean-Luc Ettori 1975–1994 Monaco
Monaco
602

3 Dominique Dropsy 1971–1989 Valenciennes , Strasbourg , Bordeaux 596

4 Dominique Baratelli 1967–1985 Ajaccio , Nice , Paris Saint-Germain
Paris Saint-Germain
593

5 Alain Giresse 1970–1988 Bordeaux , Marseille 586

6 Sylvain Kastendeuch 1982–2001 Metz , Saint-Étienne , Toulouse 577

7 Patrick Battiston 1973–1991 Bordeaux , Metz , Saint-Étienne , Monaco
Monaco
558

8 Jacky Novi 1964–1980 Marseille , Nîmes , Paris Saint-Germain
Paris Saint-Germain
, Strasbourg 545

9 Roger Marche 1944–1962 Stade Reims , Paris 542

10 Jean-Paul Bertrand-Demanes 1969–1988 Nantes 532

GOALSCORERS

PLAYER PERIOD CLUB GOALS GAMES

1 Delio Onnis 1971–1986 Monaco
Monaco
, Reims , Tours , Toulon 299 (Ø 0,66) 449

2 Bernard Lacombe 1969–1987 Lyon , Saint-Étienne , Bordeaux 255 (Ø 0,51) 497

3 Hervé Revelli 1965–1978 Saint-Étienne , Nice 216 (Ø 0,55) 389

4 Roger Courtois 1932–1956 Sochaux , Troyes 210 (Ø 0,72) 288

5 Thadée Cisowski 1947–1961 Metz , Paris , Valenciennes 206 (Ø 0,72) 286

6 Roger Piantoni 1950–1966 Nancy , Stade Reims , Nice 203 (Ø 0,52) 394

7 Joseph Ujlaki 1947–1964 Stade Français , Sète , Nîmes , Nice , Paris 189 (Ø 0,43) 438

8 Fleury Di Nallo 1960–1975 Lyon , Red Star Paris 187 (Ø 0,44) 425

9 Carlos Bianchi 1973–1980 Reims , Paris Saint-Germain
Paris Saint-Germain
, Strasbourg 179 (Ø 0,81) 220

10 Gunnar Andersson 1950–1960 Marseille , Bordeaux 179 (Ø 0,77) 234

MEDIA COVERAGE

FRANCE

In France, the Ligue de Football Professionnel has an exclusive broadcasting agreement with premium pay TV channels, Canal+
Canal+
and beIN Sports . The latter channel is operated by Qatar-based broadcaster Al Jazeera . The agreement with Al Jazeera, reached on 23 June 2011, pays the LFP €510 million over four seasons. Following the announcement of the agreement, it was revealed that Canal+
Canal+
had acquired four television packages, while beIN Sports acquired two packages.

EUROPE

In the United Kingdom, both live matches (usually the Friday match and the Sunday matches plus 2 matches on both Tuesday and Wednesday for midweek matchdays) and Ligue 1
Ligue 1
highlights are shown on BT Sport
BT Sport
. In Spain, beIN Sports (Spain) has the TV-rights from Ligue 1
Ligue 1
and the Coupe de la Ligue
Coupe de la Ligue
. In Germany, the Ligue 1
Ligue 1
airs on Eurosport
Eurosport
, while in the Baltic States , it airs on Viasat Sport . In other European countries, the availability of Ligue 1
Ligue 1
varies. In most countries, the league airs on either TV Arena Sport, Nova Sport , Canal+, or Sport1 . In countries such as Switzerland and Poland, Ligue 1
Ligue 1
airs on sister channels of Canal+
Canal+
. Ligue 1
Ligue 1
is shown on Galaxie Sport in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. On 1 April 2010, the Ligue de Football Professionnel announced that the league had reached a multimillion euro broadcasting agreement with Italian channel Sportitalia . The channel will broadcast Ligue 1
Ligue 1
games for the next two seasons beginning with the 2010–11 season. Sportitalia will show four live matches a week and will also air a weekly highlights show.

OTHER COUNTRIES

In countries on the continent of Africa, Ligue 1
Ligue 1
matches air on sister channels of Canal+, as well as StarTimes Sports Channels, TV5 Monde , RTNC , and MuviTV. In the Americas, Ligue 1
Ligue 1
airs on beIN Sports in English and Univision Deportes Network
Univision Deportes Network
in Spanish and TV5 Monde in the United States. In Brazil, pay television channel Sportv airs matches from the league and ESPN Brasil airs one match per week, while in Mexico and the Caribbean
Caribbean
, the league airs on Televisa Deportes Network , as well as TV5Monde with five matches being televised a week, three games live and two on delay. In Asia, matches air on Guangdong TV in China. Ligue 1
Ligue 1
is shown on J Sports
J Sports
in Japan. On 8 April 2010, a deal was reached a week later with Hong Kong telecommunications company PCCW
PCCW
who will broadcasts Ligue 1
Ligue 1
matches in the region for the next two seasons. On 12 August 2012, a deal was reached a weekly later with the Indonesia transmissions will by B Channel, in every matches would be completed.

WEST EURASIA CHANNEL LIST

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Moldavia Setanta Eurasia

Austria, Germany Sport 1

Belgium BeTV Sport, Eleven

Bosnia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia Telekom Srbija (Arena Sport)

Croatia T-Hrvatski Telekom (Arenasport)

Bulgaria Nova Sport

Czech Republic, Slovakia, Romania DigiSport

Denmark TV2 Sport

Hungary Sport Klub

Ireland Setanta Sports

Italy FOX Sports

Kosovo Ksports

Malta Go Sports

Netherlands Sport1

Norway Viasat Fotball

Pan-Regional TV5 Monde Europe

Poland Eleven

Portugal Benfica TV

Romania Digi Sport

Russia VGTRK, Rossiya 2, Sport 1

Slovenia Sport TV

Sweden TV4 Sport

Switzerland Canal+, Teleclub, TC Sport

Turkey beIN Sports Türkiye

Ukraine TRK

United Kingdom BT Sport

AFRICA/MIDDLE EAST CHANNEL LIST

Africa/Middle East beIN Sports, TV5 Monde Maghreb-Orient

Israel One Sports

Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda Zuku

Senegal RDV

Sub-Saharan Africa Canal+
Canal+
Afrique, Setanta Africa, Star Times, TV5 Monde Afrique

AMERICAS CHANNEL LIST

Brazil ESPN
ESPN
Brazil, SporTV

Canada TV5 Monde Quebec Canada

Latin America TV5 Monde Amerique Latine, ESPN
ESPN
Latin America, Direct TV, TDN Sports

USA BeIN Sport, TV5 Monde Etats Unis

ASIA/PACIFIC CHANNEL LIST

Cambodia, Laos, Thailand GMM

China LeTV, SINA, PPTV

India and Sub-continent Sony Ten

Indonesia beIN Sports

Japan J Sports

Kyrgyzstan, Tadjikistan, Uzbekistan Setanta Eurasia

Malaysia, Brunei Astro Supersport

Myanmar Skynet Sport

Pan-Regional TV5 Monde Asie, TV5 Monde Pacifique

Singapore SingTel, Mio Sports

Vietnam SCTV, VCTV, VSTV K+, HTV

AWARDS

TROPHY

The current Ligue 1
Ligue 1
trophy, L'Hexagoal, was developed by the Ligue de Football Professionnel and designed and created by Franco-Argentine artist Pablo Reinoso . The trophy has been awarded to the champion of France
France
since the end of the 2006–07 season , replacing the previous Ligue 1
Ligue 1
trophy that had existed for only five years. The name Hexagoal was derived from an official competition created by the LFP and French TV channel TF1
TF1
to determine a name for the new trophy. Over 9,000 proposals were sent in and, on 20 May 2007, French Football Federation member Frédéric Thiriez announced that, following an online vote, the term Hexagoal had received half of the votes. The first club to hoist the new trophy was Olympique Lyonnais who earned the honour after winning the 2007–08 season .

MONTHLY AND ANNUAL

Main articles: Trophées UNFP du football and UNFP Player of the Month

In addition to the winner's Trophy and the individual winner's medal players receive, Ligue 1
Ligue 1
also awards the monthly Player of the Month award. Following the season, the UNFP Awards are held and awards such as the Player of the Year, Manager of the Year, and Young Player of the Year from both Ligue 1
Ligue 1
and Ligue 2 are handed out.

* Association football
Association football
portal * France
France
portal

SEE ALSO

* Football in France
France
* List of foreign Ligue 1 players

REFERENCES

* ^ " Conforama signs €10m title sponsorship with France’s Ligue 1". InsideWorldFootball. 21 April 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2017. * ^ http://www.espnfc.us/french-ligue-1/story/2461334/ligue-1-reduces-relegation-spots-to-two * ^ "Les décisions du 14 avril 2016" (in French). lfp.fr . 14 April 2016. Retrieved 30 April 2016. * ^ "Bilan des clubs". Ligue de Football Professionnel (in French). Archived from the original on 19 October 2010. Retrieved 19 March 2010. * ^ A B "Rules of the DNCG" (PDF) (in French). LFP. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 March 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2010. * ^ Lawrence, Amy (21 March 2010). "Bordeaux and Lyon bring new wave of French optimism". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 21 March 2010. * ^ "Le foot français dans le rouge". France
France
Football. 24 April 2010. Archived from the original on 27 April 2010. Retrieved 24 April 2010. * ^ " Ligue 1
Ligue 1
Focus – Money, money, money…". A Different League. 21 March 2010. Retrieved 28 March 2010. * ^ "65 millions d\'euros de déficit en 2010-11 pour les clubs pros". Ouest- France
France
(in French). 6 April 2012. Retrieved 6 April 2012.

* ^ "PREMIER LEAGUE TOWERS OVER WORLD FOOTBALL, SAYS DELOITTE". Sport Business. 31 May 2007. Retrieved 21 March 2010. * ^ "Real Madrid becomes the first sports team in the world to generate €400m in revenues as it tops Deloitte Football Money League". Sport Business Group. 2 March 2010. Archived from the original on 1 June 2010. Retrieved 21 March 2010. * ^ where player played the most games. * ^ France
France
- All-Time Most Goals in Ligue 1
Ligue 1
Zlatan Ibrahimovic Position : Forward 75 Goals 2012- Matches Played in Division/League 1 * ^ where player scored the most goals * ^ France
France
- All-Time Topscorers * ^ " Al Jazeera
Al Jazeera
make move into Ligue 1". ESPN
ESPN
. 23 June 2011. Retrieved 3 April 2012. * ^ "La LFP choisit Al Jazeera, comme prévu" (in French).