Kodagu is an administrative district in Karnataka, India. Before 1956
it was an administratively separate
Coorg State, at which point it
was merged into an enlarged
Mysore State. It occupies an area of 4,102
square kilometres (1,584 sq mi) in the
Western Ghats of
southwestern Karnataka. In 2001 its population was 548,561, 13.74% of
which resided in the district's urban centres, making it the least
populous of the 30 districts in Karnataka.
The district is bordered by Dakshina
Kannada district to the
Kasargod district of
Kerala to the west,
Hassan district to
Mysore district to the east,
Kannur district of
the southwest, and the
Wayanad district of
Kerala to the south.
Agriculture is the most important factor that upholds the economy of
Kodagu and the main crops cultivated in this region are rice and
Coorg is rich in natural resources which included timber and
Madikeri (English: Mercara) is the headquarters of Kodagu.
Kodagu is known for its coffee and its people. The people include
indigenous (Kodavas) and other ethnic groups (Arabashe Gowdas and
Kodava subgroups). The chief languages presently spoken in Kodagu are
Kodava, Are Bhashe, Kannada, Tulu, Konkani,
Malayalam and Urdu. Kodagu
is home to the native speakers of the Kodava language.
2 Administrative divisions
2.2 Urban Civic Bodies
Coorg in British India
4 Kodagu Culture
4.1 Traditional costume
5 Kodagu Cuisine
5.1 Festivals of Kodagu
7 Flora and fauna
8.1 Kodava people
8.2 Other Kodava speakers
8.4 Kodagu Aarebashe Gowda People
8.5 Muslims and Christians
9 Notable people
13 Further reading
14 External links
Kodagu is located on the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats. It has a
geographical area of 4,102 km2 (1,584 sq mi). The
district is bordered by Dakshina
Kannada district to the northwest,
Hassan district to the north,
Mysore district to the east, Kasaragod
district in west and
Kannur district of
Kerala to the southwest, and
Wayanad district of
Kerala to the south. It is a hilly district, the
lowest elevation of which is 120 metres (390 ft) above sea-level.
The highest peak, Tadiandamol, rises to 1,750 metres (5,740 ft),
with Pushpagiri, the second highest, at 1,715 metres (5,627 ft).
The main river in Kodagu is the
Kaveri (Cauvery), which originates at
Talakaveri, located on the eastern side of the Western Ghats, and with
its tributaries, drains the greater part of Kodagu.
In July and August, rainfall is intense, and there are often showers
into November. Yearly rainfall may exceed 4,000 millimetres
(160 in) in some areas. In dense jungle tracts, rainfall reaches
3,000 to 3,800 millimetres (120 to 150 in) and 1,500 to 2,500
millimetres (59 to 98 in) in the bamboo district to the west.
Kodagu has an average temperature of 15 °C (59 °F),
ranging from 11 to 28 °C (52 to 82 °F), with the highest
temperatures occurring in April and May.
The district is divided into the three administrative talukas:
Virajpet is the largest Taluk and comprises the towns Virajpet,
Gonikoppal, Siddapura, Ponnampet, Ammathi, Thithimathi etc.
Urban Civic Bodies
The principal town, and district capital, is Madikeri, or Mercara,
with a population of around 30,000.
Other significant towns include
Gonikoppal and Suntikoppa
City Municipal Councils (1) :
Town Panchayats (3) :
Census Towns (3) :
Two members of the legislative assembly are elected from Kodagu to the
Karnataka Legislative Assembly, one each from the
Virajpet. M P
Appachu Ranjan represents the
while K. G. Bopaiah represents the
Virajpet constituency; they are
from the Bharatiya Janata Party. Kodagu, formerly part of the
Kannada (Mangalore) constituency, is now part of the
Lok Sabha parliamentary constituency. Shri Pratap Simha,
from the Bharatiya Janata Party, represents Kodagu-Mysore
The Codava National Council and Kodava Rashtriya Samiti are
campaigning for autonomy to Kodagu district.
Main articles: History of Kodagu, Haleri Kingdom, Captivity of Kodavas
Coorg War, and
Map of South Indian states prior to the States Reorganisation Act,
1956. Kodagu (then called Coorg) is in dark green.
Kalbane Yemmegundi palace
Kodavas were the earliest inhabitants and agriculturists in
Kodagu, having lived there for centuries. Being a warrior community as
well, they carried arms during times of war and had their own
chieftains. The Haleri dynasty, an offshoot of the Keladi Nayakas,
ruled Kodagu between 1600 and 1834. Later the British ruled Kodagu
from 1834, after the
Coorg War, until India's independence in 1947. A
separate state (called
Coorg State) until then, in 1956 Kodagu was
merged with the
Mysore State (now Karnataka).
Coorg in British India
In 1834, the East
India Company annexed Kodagu into British India,
Chikka Virarajendra of the Kodagu kingdom, as 'Coorg'.
The people accepted British rule peacefully. British rule led to the
establishment of educational institutions, introduction of scientific
coffee cultivation, better administration and improvement of the
Dolls dressed in Kodava attire
Kodavas are the earliest inhabitants of Kodagu. Kodava oral
traditions are rich, some of the traditional folk songs have been
compiled into the
Pattole Palome . The
Kodavas revere ancestors, arms
and worship a number of deities, besides the River Kaveri, some of
them being, Igguthappa, Bhagwathi, Muthappa, Mahadeva, Bhadrakali,
Subramani and Ayyappa. Very similar to the
Kodavas in religion,
culture and language are the Kodava Peggade (Kodagu Heggade), the Amma
Kodava, the Airi (artisans), the Meda (craftsmen and drummers) and the
Kodava language speakers, other than the Kodavas, include the
Kodava Heggade (cultivators of Malabari origin), the
Amma Kodava (a
mixed race), the Airi (smiths and carpenters), the Thatta (jewellers),
some of the Male-Kudiya, the Kodagu Kembatti, the Maringi, the Kapala
Siddi origin), the Meda (basket and mat weavers and drummers), the
Kanya, the Banna, the Malaya (astrologers of Malayala origin), the
Kodagu Golla (cowherds of Mysorean origin), the Kodagu Ganiga
(oil-makers), the Kolla, the Kavadi, the Koleya, the Koyava and
Kodavas wear the traditional Kodava costume. Men wear ‘Kupyas’
(knee-length half-sleeved coats) over a full-sleeved white shirt.
‘Chale’ i.e. a maroon and gold sash is tied at the waist and an
ornately carved silver dagger known as ‘Peechekathi’ is tucked
into it. ‘Odikathi’ is yet another knife that is tucked into the
Chale at the back. Furthermore, a chain with a minuscule gun and a
dagger hanging onto it give them a martial look. The saris worn by
women are pleated at the back and the pallu fixed with a brooch is
also wrapped in a unique way. They wear either a full-sleeved or
three-quarter sleeved blouse and cover their head with a scarf. A
traditional gold beaded necklace (Jomalae) and a gem-pendant
(Kokkethathi) is worn by kodavas.
Kadumbuttu and pandi curry is a local dish of Coorg/kodagu, a district
in the state of karnataka, India. This dish is made of steamed rice
balls and pork curry.
Festivals of Kodagu
Kodava Thirrale or Daiva Theere, similar to another ceremony called
the Kola in Kodava, Arebhashe,
Kannada and Nema in Tulu
Kailpoud, celebrated on 3 September, signifies the completion of
"nati", or the planting of the rice crop. Officially, the festival
begins 18 days after the sun enters the Simha Raashi (the western sign
of Leo). Kail means weapon or armoury and poud means Brighten.
The festival signifies the day when men should prepare to guard their
crop from wild boars and other animals, since during the preceding
months, during which the family were engaged in the fields, all
weapons were normally deposited in the "kanni kombare" (takk in
kodava), or the prayer room. Hence on the day of Kailpoud, the weapons
are taken out of the Pooja room, cleaned and decorated with flowers.
They are then kept in the Nellakki Nadubade, the central hall of the
house and the place of community worship. Each member of the family
has a bath, after which they worship the weapons before feasting and
drinking. The eldest member of the family hands a gun to the senior
member of the family, signifying the commencement of the festivities.
The whole family assembles in the mand (open ground), where physical
contests and sports, including marksmanship, are conducted. In the
past the hunting and cooking of wild game was part of the celebration.
Now shooting skills are tested by firing at a coconut tied onto the
branch of a tall tree.
Traditional rural sports, like grabbing a coconut from the hands of a
group of 8–10 people (thenge porata )or ("ambu kai"), throwing a
stone the size of a cricket ball at a coconut from a distance of
10–15 paces (tenge eed) or ("kaai kal"), lifting a stone ball of
30–40 cm lying at one's feet and throwing it backwards over the
shoulders, are now conducted in community groups called Kodava Samajas
Kodagu Gowda Samajas in towns and cities.
Puttari means new rice and is the rice harvest festival (also called
huttari in Kannada). This takes place in late November or early
December. Celebrations and preparations for this festival start a week
On the day the whole family assembles in their ain mane (the common
family house), which is decorated with flowers and green mango leaves
and banana leaves. Specific foods are prepared: tambuttu, puttari
kalngi, kesa gende hudka and pache puttu and "rice kheer". Then the
eldest member of the family hands a sickle to the head of the family
and one of the women leads a procession to the paddy fields with a lit
lamp in her hands. The path leading to the field is decorated. A
gunshot is fired to mark the beginning of the harvest, with chanting
of Poli Poli Deva (prosperity) by all present. Then the symbolic
harvesting of the crop begins. The rice is cut and stacked and tied in
odd numbers and is carried home to be offered to the gods. The younger
generation then light firecrackers and revel, symbolising prosperity.
Groups of youngsters visit neighbouring houses and boast their dancing
skills and are given monetary gifts. A week later, this money is
pooled and the entire village celebrates a communal dinner called
'ooramme'. All family members gather for this meal. Dinner normally
consists of meat dishes, such as pork and chicken curry. Alcoholic
beverages are also served at such feasts.
Gambooge or Kachampulior"Kachulli" (
Kodagu is a rural region with most of the economy based on
agriculture, plantations and forestry, as well as one of the more
prosperous parts of Karnataka. This is due primarily to coffee
production and other plantation crops. Rice and other crops are
cultivated in the valleys. Coffee plantations, situated on hillsides
too steep for growing rice, and taking advantage of shade from
existing forests, became characteristic of the district in the 20th
century. Coffee is now a major cash crop. Coffee processing is also
becoming a major economic contributor. In recent years, tourism has
also begun to play a role in the economy. Eco-tourism, such as walking
and trekking tours, take advantage of plantation buildings converted
Much of Kodagu is used for agriculture. Characteristically and
historically, paddy fields are found on the valley floors, with Coffee
and pepper agroforestry in the surrounding hills mainly near Madikeri.
The most common plantation crop is coffee, especially Coffea robusta
variety. Kodagu is the second coffee production region in India, after
the Baba Budangiri hills in Chikkamagaluru district. Coffee revenue
helped Kodagu to become one of the richest districts in India. Coffea
arabica is also grown in some parts of southern and western Kodagu,
the historical area of coffee production. One can go to see the coffee
plantation and can understand how sophisticated coffee plantation is
and how much perfection and precision it requires it is mandatory to
grow coffee in shade so it is grown with the eucalyptus trees and the
vanilla. The coffee agro-forestry systems of Kodagu are one of the
richest agro-forest in the world, with about 270 species of shaded
trees inventoried (see publications of CAFNET project). But the trend
is now to replace the native shade trees by exotic ones (such as the
Grevillea robusta). In those coffee agro-forests are also cultivated
spices like black pepper, cardamom, vanilla. Besides, the other famous
agricultural produce of Kodagu is Kodagu Oranges (Citrus sinensis)
known for its distinctive taste and shrunken nature. Kodagu is also
known for its forest honey. Many other crops are also cultivated,
including para rubber, teak, and cocoa. There are also large areas of
natural forest, especially in the forest reserves in the south and
Kaveri River in Kushalnagara
Tibetan Buddhist Golden temple, near Bylakuppe and in Kushalnagara
Kodagu is rated as one of the top hill station destinations in India.
Some of the most popular tourist attractions in Kodagu include
Talakaveri, Bhagamandala, Nisargadhama, Abbey Falls, Dubare,
Nagarahole National Park, Iruppu Falls, and the Tibetan Buddhist
Talakaveri is the place where the River
Kaveri originates. The temple
on the riverbanks here is dedicated to Lord Brahma, and is one of only
two temples dedicated to Brahma in
India and Southeast Asia.
Bhagamandala is situated at the Sangama (confluence) of two rivers,
Kaveri and the Kannika. A third river, the Sujyothi, is said to
join from underground, and hence this spot is called the Triveni
Iruppu Falls is a sacred Kodagu
Hindu spot in South Kodagu in
the Brahmagiri hill range. The Lakshmana Tirtha River, with the
waterfalls, flows nearby and has a Rameshwara temple on its banks. It
is said that this sacred river was created when Laxmana, prince of
Ayodhya and younger brother of Lord Rama, shot an arrow into nearby
hill, the Brahmagiri hill. Chelavara falls and Thadiandamol peak are
also in South Kodagu. Nagarahole is a national park and wildlife
Madikeri is the capital of the district and
Raja's Seat park is
popular with tourists. Kootu Poley dam is also popular among tourists.
Omkareshwara Temple is a beautiful temple built in the Indo-Sarcenic
style in Coorg. A legend is associated with the temple, built by
Lingarajendra II in 1820 CE. The king put to death a pious
dared to protest against his misdeeds. The spirit of the dead man
began to plague the king day and night. On the advice of wise men, the
king built this temple and installed a Shivalinga procured from Kashi,
North India. St. Mark's Church is located within the Mercara Fort and
was raised in 1859, by the officers and men of the East
The building was funded by the Government of Madras, and placed
Church of England
Church of England in India, Diocese of Madras. The
Church was closed after Indian independence, and taken over by the
Karnataka in 1971. The building now houses the
Madikeri Fort Museum, managed by the
Karnataka State Archaeological
Dubare is mainly an elephant-capturing and training camp of the Forest
Department at the edge of
Dubare forest; on the bank of the river
Kaveri along the
Kushalanagara – Siddapura road.
Nisargadhama is a
man-made island and picnic spot near Kushalanagara, formed by the
river Kaveri. The Tibetan Buddhist Golden Temple is at Bylakuppe near
Mysore district), in the Tibetan refugee settlement.
Abbey Falls is a scenic waterfall 5 km from Madikeri. Mallalli
falls is 25 km from Somawarapet, downhill of the Pushpagiri
hills. Mandalapatti is 28 km from Madikeri. On the way to Abbey
Falls, before 3 km from
Abbey Falls take right, from there
25 km. Kote Betta temple, Kote Abbey falls are also in North
Kodagu. Abbi waterfall and other waterfalls are best during monsoon
season, typically some days after it starts raining in June up to the
end of rainy season, while there is more water gushing in the streams
Flora and fauna
View of Tadiandamol
Wild banana from Kodagu, India
Kodagu is considered rich with wildlife and has three wildlife
sanctuaries and one national park: the Brahmagiri, Talakaveri, and
Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuaries, and the Nagarhole National Park, also
known as the Rajiv Gandhi National Park.
The flora of the jungle includes Michelia champaca, Mesua (Ironwood),
Diospyros (ebony and other species),
Toona ciliata (Indian mahogany),
Calophyllum angustifolium (Poon spar), Canarium
strictum (Black Dammar), Artocarpus, Dipterocarpus, Garcinia,
Euonymus, Cinnamomum, Myristica, Vaccinium, Myrtaceae,
Rubus (three species) and a rose. In the undergrowth
are found cardamom, Areca, plantains, canes, wild black pepper,
Cyatheales and other ferns, and arums.
In the forest of the less thickly-wooded bamboo country in the west of
Kodagu the most common trees are the
Dalbergia latifolia (Black wood),
Pterocarpus marsupium (Kino tree),
Terminalia tomentosa (Matthi),
Lagerstroemia parviflora (Benteak),
Anogeissus latifolia (Dindul),
Bassia latifolia, Butea monosperma, Nauclea parvifiora, and several
species of acacia.
Teak and sandalwood also grow in the eastern part
of the district.
The fauna include: the Asian elephant, tiger, leopard, dhole, gaur,
wild boar, and several species of deer. Kodagu also offers a wide
variety of birds, roughly around 300 birds have been sighted and
reported over the years.
Kodavas, 1875, From "The people of India: A series of photographic
illustrations..."(New York Public Library).
According to the 2011 census of India, Kodagu has a population of
554,762, roughly equal to the Solomon Islands or the US state
of Wyoming. This ranks it 539 out of 640 districts in
terms of population. The district has a population density of 135
inhabitants per square kilometre (350/sq mi). Its population
growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 1.13%. Kodagu has a sex
ratio of 1019 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of
Kodava Takk is the spoken language native to Kodagu. Are Bhashe, a
dialect of Kannada, is native to
Sulya in Dakshina Kannada. Both use
Kannada script for literature. According to
Sahitya Academy (Karnataka's Kodava Literary Academy), apart from
Kodavas, and their related groups, the Amma Kodavas, the Kodava
Peggade (Kodagu Heggade) and the Kodava
Maaple (Kodava Muslims), 18
other smaller-numbered ethnic groups speak Kodava Takk in and outside
the district including the Iri (Airi, or the carpenters and the
village smiths), the Koyava, the Banna, the Kodagu Madivala
(washermen), the Kodagu Hajama (barber, also called Nainda), the
Kembatti Poleya (household servants and labourers) and the Meda
(basket and mat weavers and drummers).
Kodavas and Kodava speakers, other communities that now reside
in Kodagu District are the Kodagu Aarebashe Gowdas (who speak
Are-bhashe dialect and originally from Sulya) and the Muslims (
Kodava). The main hunter-gatherer forest dwellers of Kodagu are the
Yerava (also called Adia) and the Kuruba. There are also
families of the
Brahmin community, most of whom were brought here for
the purpose of offering poojas at various temples.
Less frequent are Tulu speakers Billavas, Mogaveeras, Bunts, Goud
Saraswat Brahmins. 
Main article: Kodava people
Kodagu is home to many communities with diverse ethnic origins, with
Kodavas being the main ethnic group. Native Kodavas, form one-fifth
the total population of Kodagu and many have moved to the cities, like
Bangalore and Mysore, and even abroad, to regions like North America,
they are however still the largest group in Kodagu. The
their farms, growing paddy in the fields, pepper, areca, coconut,
cardamom, coffee and other crops in their hill orchards and woods.
Guns and swords are essential for their religion, as ritual cult
objects, and they hold rights to carry light arms.
Kodavas Hindus are traditionally ancestor worshippers with a
martial tradition, hence may be called Kshatriyas. In Kodagu, the
Kodavas were owners of the land from time immemorial. They are not
vegetarians, but they do not eat beef. They are polytheists and
believe in a number of deities. The chief deities are Cauvery,
Bhagavathi (Parvati), Mahadeva (Shiva), Muthappa,
Bhadrakali (a form
Kali or Durga), Subramani (Subramanya) and Ayyappa.
Igguthappa, the most important local god, is an incarnation of
Subramanya, the god of snakes, rain, harvest and rice.
The Dravidian Languages: notice Kodava/ Kodagu language (rough
The ancient folk songs (some of them are compiled in the Pattole
Palome) sing of the numerous
Kodavas and the much lesser-numbered
other communities. It also speaks of the social relationships of the
Kodavas with the other communities of Kodagu and who spoke the Kodava
language. Airi, Male-Kudiya, Meda, Kembatti, Kapala, Maringi, Heggade,
Kavadi, Kolla, Thatta, Koleya, Koyava, Banna, Golla, Kanya, Ganiga,
and Malaya are other castes native to Kodagu who speak Kodava. Many of
these communities had originally migrated into Kodagu from the Malabar
Coast region during the rule of the Haleri dynasty (1600-1834).
Other Kodava speakers
Amma Kodavas, a mixed Kodava origin, live in the southern parts of
Kodagu and follow some of the
Brahmin customs. Unlike other Kodavas
they are vegetarians, they abstain from alcohol, wear the sacred
thread and study the Vedas. They were the progeny of intercaste
Kodavas during former times. They
belong to 44 family names and two gothras. Otherwise they follow the
Kodava habits and customs, dress like other
Kodavas and speak Kodava
Takk. They were also known as the
Brahmins by the British.
Among other Kodava speaking communities are: the Heggades, cultivators
from Malabar; the Kodava Nair, cultivators from Malabar; the Ayiri,
who constitute the artisan caste; the Medas, who are basket and
mat-weavers and act as drummers at feasts; the Binepatta, originally
wandering musicians from Malabar, now farmers; and the Kavadi,
cultivators settled in Yedenalknad (Virajpet). All these groups speak
Kodava language and conform generally to Kodava customs and
The Kudiya lived in the
Western Ghats along Dakshina
Kodagu and some of them were toddy-makers. While most of them spoke
the Kudiya language, some of the Male-Kudiya (a Kudiya sub-caste)
speak a variation of the Kodava language. The
Yerava also live in
adjacent Kerala, where they are known as the Adiya, and are primarily
Hindu farm-labourers. They speak their own
Yerava dialect. The Kurbas
were forest hunter-gatherers who are now farm-labourers. They speak
their own dialect and belong to two subcastes – Jenu, who are
honey-gatherers, and Betta, who are hill-dwellers and good elephant
captors, trainers and mahouts.
Kodagu Aarebashe Gowda People
Main article: Kodagu Gowda
Arebhashe gowdas, or Kodagu Gowdas, and Tulu Gowdas, are an
ethnic group of Dakshina
Kannada and Kodagu. They live in
Dakshina Kannada) and in parts of Somwarpet, Kushalanagar,
Bhagamandala and Madikeri. Guddemane Appaiah Gowda along with many
other freedom fighters from different communities revolted against the
British in an armed struggle which covered entire Kodagu and Dakshina
Kannada. This was one of the earliest freedom movements against the
British called "Amara Sulliada Swantantrya Sangraama" (Amara
Sulya Dhange formally called the '
Coorg Rebellion' by the British)
started in 1837.
Muslims and Christians
The entrance of the Tibetan Buddhist Golden Temple and monastery
Kodagu is home to a sizeable population of Muslims. Those Muslims who
are of South Western Indian origins are known as the maaple, either
Malayalam speaking in
Kerala and Kodava speaking in Kodagu. Kodava
Hindus converted into Islam were called Kodava maaple, or Jamma
Maaple. Some of the
Kodava maaple (Kodava-speaking) have married with
Malayalam speaking) and Tulu Bearys. A number of
Muslims from the Malabar coast (
Kerala Mappilas), have settled in
Virajpet (the Southern part of Kodagu) as traders. Those who speak
Urdu and are of Persian (or sometimes Arab or Afghan) origins call
themselves Sheikhs but are locally known as the Turks (Turqa). They
settled when the
Mysore Sultans ruled in Kodagu.
A small number of
Mangalorean Catholics are also found in Kodagu. They
are mostly descended from those
Konkani Catholics who fled the roundup
and, later, captivity by Tippu Sultan. These immigrants were welcomed
by Raja Veerarajendra (himself a former captive of Tippu Sultan,
having escaped six years of captivity in 1788) who realising their
usefulness and expertise as agriculturists, gave them lands and tax
breaks and built a church for them.
There is a sizeable population of the
Brahmins and the
and the majority of them are in the taluk of Somwarpet. A large number
of the present people of Kodagu, nearly three-fifths, are mainly
agriculturists (Vokkaliga) and labourers (Holeya) who arrive from the
Mysore region and speak
Kannada in Kodagu. Those from Hassan District
are called the Badaga ('Northern') people. Also a large number of
traders are Muslims (Maaple) from
Kerala and speak Malayalam. Besides
Kodava and Kannada, Arebhashe, Konkani, Malayalam,
Urdu and Tulu are
also spoken in Kodagu. Kodagu also has a Tibetan Buddhist refugee
population as well, mainly settled around Kushalanagara.
Main article: List of Kodavas
Field Marshal Kodandera M. Cariappa, first Indian C-in-C, High
Commissioner of Australia and New Zealand
General Kodandera Subayya Thimayya, head of Indian Army, chairman of
Korean Repatriation Committee, head of UN Peacekeeping force
P. T. Bopanna, author and journalist.
Prof P S Appaiah, eminent scholar
Road map of the district.
Madikeri is well connected by road with Mangalore, Hassan, Mysore,
Bengaluru and Kannur, Thalassery, and
Wayanad of neighbouring state
Kerala. There are three
Ghat roads for reaching Kodagu from coastal
Kerala and Karnataka: the Sampaje–
Ghat road from
Mangalore, the Panathur–
Ghat road from Kasaragod,
Malom and chittarikkal and the Makutta–Perumbadi/Virajpet
Ghat road from
Thalassery through Iritty.
The nearest railway stations are
Mysore and Hassan are the nearest in Karnataka. The nearest
airports are at
Mysore and Mangalore.
Mysore Airport is at a distance
of 130 km from
Madikeri and 115 kilometres (71 mi) from
Mangalore International Airport is located 140 kilometres
(87 mi) from
Madikeri and 172 kilometres (107 mi) from
Virajpet. The greenfield
Kannur Airport coming up in
Mattanur which is
expected to be operational by December 2015, would be closest to Coorg
at about 85 kilometers from
Madikeri and 55 kilometers from Virajpet.
The nearest seaport for Kodagu is New
Mangalore Port at
Mangalore, 145 kilometres (90 mi) from Madikeri.
Some of the notable college institutions of the region are:
Coorg Institute of Dental sciences, Virajpet
Government Engineering College, Kushalnagar.
College of Forestry, Ponnampet, University of Agricultural Sciences
Coorg Institute of Technology, Ponnampet.
Field Marshal K M Cariappa College, Madikeri.
Cauvery College Gonnicoppal.
Cauvery College Virajpet.
Kodagu Institute of Medical sciences, Madikeri.
Kodagu district Profile". DSERT. Retrieved 11 January 2011.
^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Coorg". Encyclopædia Britannica.
7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 91–92.
^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011.
Retrieved 30 September 2011.
^ "Kodava-speaking people seek one identity". The Hindu.
^ "Districts of India". Government of India. Retrieved 11 January
^ "Codava National Council sets up global forum". The Hindu.
^ "Dharna staged for Kodagu State". The Hindu.
^ Belliappa, C P (4 August 2015). "Call for freedom from a tiny
village" (Bangalore). Deccan Herald. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
^ Penny, Frank (1922). The Church in Madras: being the History of the
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