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Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Prefecture (鹿児島県, Kagoshima-ken) is a prefecture of Japan
Japan
located on the island of Kyushu.[1] The capital is the city of Kagoshima.[2]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Economy 4 Region

4.1 Cities 4.2 Districts 4.3 Mergers

5 Sport and recreation 6 Colleges and universities 7 Science and technology facilities 8 Museums 9 Transportation

9.1 Rail 9.2 Trams 9.3 Roads

9.3.1 Expressways and toll roads 9.3.2 National Highways

9.4 Ports 9.5 Airports

10 Notable people 11 Mythical creatures 12 Sister relations 13 See also 14 Notes 15 References 16 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Prefecture See also: Historic Sites of Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Prefecture Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Prefecture corresponds to the ancient Japanese provinces Ōsumi and Satsuma, including the northern part of the Ryukyu Islands (Satsunan).[3] This region played a key role in the Meiji Restoration (Saigō Takamori), and the city of Kagoshima
Kagoshima
was an important naval base during Japan's 20th century wars and the home of admiral Tōgō Heihachirō. More recent incidents are the sinking of a North Korean spy ship (100 ton class) in 2001 by the Coast Guard, which was later salvaged and exhibited in Tokyo, and the abduction of an office clerk from a Kagoshima
Kagoshima
beach in 1978 by agents from the same country. This became known only recently under the Koizumi administration. Geography[edit] Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Prefecture is located at the southwest tip of Kyushu
Kyushu
on the Satsuma Peninsula
Satsuma Peninsula
and Ōsumi Peninsula. This prefecture also includes a chain of islands stretching further to the southwest of Kyushu
Kyushu
for a few hundred kilometers. The most important group is the Amami Islands. Surrounded by the East China Sea
East China Sea
to the west, Okinawa Prefecture
Okinawa Prefecture
in the south, Kumamoto Prefecture
Kumamoto Prefecture
to the north, and Miyazaki Prefecture to the east, it has 2,632 km of coastline (including the 28 islands). It has a bay called Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Bay (Kinkowan), which is sandwiched by two peninsulas, Satsuma and Ōsumi. Its position made it a 'gateway' to Japan
Japan
at various times in history. While Kyushu
Kyushu
has about 13 million people, there are less than 2 million in this prefecture. The prefecture boasts a chain of active and dormant volcanoes, including the great Sakurajima, which towers out of the Kagoshima
Kagoshima
bay opposite Kagoshima
Kagoshima
city. A steady trickle of smoke and ash emerges from the caldera, punctuated by louder mini-eruptions on an almost daily basis. On active days in Kagoshima
Kagoshima
city an umbrella is advisable to ward off the ash. Sakurajima
Sakurajima
is one of Japan's most active volcanoes. Major eruptions occurred in 1914, when the island mountain spilled enough material to become permanently connected to the mainland, and a lesser eruption in 1960. Volcanic materials in the soil make Sakurajima
Sakurajima
a source for record daikon radishes, roughly the size of a basketball. Many beaches around the Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Bay are littered with well-worn pumice stones. A crater lake in the southwestern tip of the prefecture, near the spa town of Ibusuki, is home to a rare species of giant eel. As of March 31, 2008, 9% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Kirishima-Yaku and Unzen- Amakusa
Amakusa
National Parks; Amami Guntō and Nichinan Kaigan Quasi-National Parks; and Akune, Bōnoma, Fukiagehama, Imutaike, Koshikijima, Ōsumi Nanbu, Sendaigawa Ryūiki, Takakumayama, and Tokara Rettō Prefectural Natural Parks.[4] Economy[edit] Most of the economic sector is focused in Kagoshima
Kagoshima
City and the surrounding area, corresponding to the extent of the former Satsuma Province. The eastern part of the prefecture, the former Ōsumi Province, is mostly rural and shows a general population decline. The prefecture has strong agricultural roots, which are reflected in its most well-known exports: green tea, sweet potato, radish, Pongee rice, Satsuma ware
Satsuma ware
and Berkshire pork ("kurobuta"). Kagoshima prefecture's production of bonito flakes is second only to that of Shizuoka. In addition it produces Japan's largest volume of unagi eels. The Japan
Japan
Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) has several facilities within the prefecture, including the country's main launch facility on Tanegashima
Tanegashima
and the Uchinoura Space Center. The prefecture's gross domestic product is approximately 4.834 trillion yen.[citation needed] Region[edit]

Map of Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Prefecture

The following is a list of Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Prefecture's cities, and its administrative districts with their constituent towns and villages: Cities[edit]

Kagoshima
Kagoshima
from space

Sakurajima
Sakurajima
and Kagoshima
Kagoshima
City

Makurazaki

Amami City

Tarumizu

Nineteen cities are located in Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Prefecture:

Kagoshima
Kagoshima
(the capital city of the prefecture)

Aira Akune Amami Hioki Ibusuki

Ichikikushikino Isa Izumi Kanoya

Kirishima Makurazaki Minamikyushu Minamisatsuma Nishinoomote

Satsumasendai Shibushi Soo Tarumizu

Districts[edit] These are the towns and villages in each district:

Aira District

Yūsui

Izumi District

Nagashima

Kagoshima
Kagoshima
District

Mishima Toshima

Kimotsuki District

Higashikushira Kimotsuki Kinkō Minamiōsumi

Kumage District

Minamitane Nakatane Yakushima

Ōshima District

Amagi China Isen Kikai Setouchi Tatsugō Tokunoshima Uken Wadomari Yamato Yoron

Satsuma District

Satsuma

Soo District

Ōsaki

Mergers[edit] Main article: List of mergers in Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Prefecture Sport and recreation[edit] Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Rebnise, a professional basketball team, was founded in 2003 and currently competes in the second division of the national B.League. Kagoshima
Kagoshima
United FC, a soccer team, was founded in 2014 and competes in the J3 League. Although no major professional baseball teams are based in the prefecture, a number of Kagoshima's ballparks have hosted the spring training camps of Nippon Professional Baseball teams:

Kamoike Ballpark, previous camp home of the Chiba Lotte Marines
Chiba Lotte Marines
(NPB) and Lotte Giants
Lotte Giants
(KBO League). Also hosts regular season games. Kamoike Citizen Stadium (ja) Ibusuki
Ibusuki
Municipal Ballpark (指宿市営球場), camp home of the Kokutesu Swallows Yunomoto Ballpark (湯之元球場), camp home of the Yakult Atoms Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Kamoike Stadium, camp home of Júbilo Iwata
Júbilo Iwata
(soccer) and Toshiba Brave Lupus
Toshiba Brave Lupus
(rugby) Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Fureai Sportsland (ja), camp home of Sagan Tosu (soccer)

The Kirishima-Yaku National Park
Kirishima-Yaku National Park
is located in Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Prefecture. Colleges and universities[edit]

Kagoshima
Kagoshima
University National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya The International University of Kagoshima Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Immaculate Heart University Daiichi Institute of Technology Shigakukan University Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Prefectural College Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Immaculate Heart College Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Women's Junior College Daiichi Junior College of Infant Education

Science and technology facilities[edit]

Tanegashima
Tanegashima
Space Center Uchinoura Space Center

Museums[edit]

Bansei Tokkō Peace Museum Chiran Peace Museum for Kamikaze Pilots Museum of the Meiji Restoration Reimeikan, Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Prefectural Center for Historical Material Uenohara site

Transportation[edit]

Kagoshima-Chuo Station

Kagoshima
Kagoshima
City Tram

Rail[edit]

JR Kyushu

Kyushu
Kyushu
Shinkansen Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Line Nippō Main Line Ibusuki
Ibusuki
Makurazaki Line Hisatsu Line Kitto Line

Hisatsu Orange Railway

Trams[edit]

Kagoshima
Kagoshima
City Tram

Roads[edit] Expressways and toll roads[edit]

Kyushu
Kyushu
Expressway Miyazaki Expressway Ibusuki
Ibusuki
Toll Road Minamikyushu Expressway Higashikyushu Expressway
Higashikyushu Expressway
(Hayato Road)

National Highways[edit]

National Route 3 (Kitakyushu–Fukuoka–Kurume–Kumamoto–Minamata-Izumi-Satsuma Sendai-Kagoshima) National Route 10 (Kitakyushu-Nakatsu–Beppu–Saiki–Nobeoka–Miyazaki–Miyakonojo-Kagoshima) National Route 58 (Amami Island) Route 220 (Miyazaki-Nichinan-Shibushi-Kanoya-Tarumizu-Kirishima) Route 223 Route 224 Route 225 Route 226 Route 267 (Hitoyoshi-Isa-Satsuma Sendai) Route 268 (Minamata-Isa-Ebino–Kobayashi-Miyazaki) Route 269 Route 270 Route 328 (Kagoshima-Isa-Izumi) Route 389 (Ōmuta–Tamana–Unzen–Minamishimabara–Amakusa-Akune) Route 447 (Ebino-Isa-Izumi) Route 448 Route 499 Route 504 (Kanoya-Kirishima-Satsuma-Izumi)

Ports[edit]

Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Port

Domestic ferry route to Sakurajima, Kikai Island, Tokunoshima, Amami Island, Tanegashima, Yakushima, Yoron Island, Okinoerabu
Okinoerabu
and Naha. High-speed craft route to Ibusuki, Tanegashima
Tanegashima
and Yakushima. International container hub port

Shibushi Port

Ferry route to Osaka, Tokyo, Naha
Naha
and Amami Island International and domestic container hub port

Naze Port

Ferry Route to Osaka, Kobe, Kagoshima, Yakushima, Tanegashima, Tokunoshima
Tokunoshima
and Naha.

Yakushima
Yakushima
Port Tanegashima
Tanegashima
Port Tokunoshima
Tokunoshima
Port

Airports[edit]

Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Airport Amami Airport Tokunoshima
Tokunoshima
Airport Tanegashima
Tanegashima
Airport Yakushima
Yakushima
Airport Okinoerabu
Okinoerabu
Airport Yoron Airport

Notable people[edit]

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Isamu Akasaki, scientist, Nobel Prize in Physics
Nobel Prize in Physics
laureate Hajime Chitose, singer Yasuhito Endo, football player Kosuke Fukudome, MLB player GO!GO!7188, rock band Masazumi Harada, doctor Goyō Hashiguchi, artist Kazuo Inamori, industrialist turned philanthropist Junichi Inamoto, football player Takehiko Inoue, modern comic artist Shinobu Kaitani, modern comic artist Yuki Kashiwagi, AKB48
AKB48
member Kunio Kato
Kunio Kato
animator known especially for La Maison en Petits Cubes Yoichiro Kawaguchi, computer graphics artist Munenori Kawasaki, MLB player Kawasaki Shōzō, founder of Kawasaki Heavy Industries Sakura Miyawaki, HKT48
HKT48
member Mika Nakashima, artist Yuya Osako, football player Jirō Sakagami, comedian Hiroyuki Sakai, Iron Chef
Iron Chef
cook Hitoshi Sakimoto, composer Nanami Sakuraba, actress Tokichi Setoguchi, composer Shimazu Nariakira, feudal lord Nabi Tajima, Japan's oldest person Saigō Takamori, samurai Ōkubo Toshimichi, statesman Tōgō Heihachirō, Admiral of the Fleet in the Imperial Japanese Navy Seiji Tōgō, artist Kota Ibushi, Professional Wrestler

Mythical creatures[edit]

Garappa (Kappa) Issie Ittan-momen

Sister relations[edit]

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Miami, United States Naples, Italy Jeollabuk-do, South Korea, October 1989 duo-declaration Georgia, United States November 28, 1966 became a sister state Jiangsu, China Gifu Prefecture
Gifu Prefecture
July 27, 1971 became a sister prefecture

See also[edit]

Japan
Japan
portal Geography portal

2006 Kuril Islands earthquake Sakurajima
Sakurajima
radish Kagoshima
Kagoshima
dialect Amami language, Kunigami language

Notes[edit]

^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). " Kagoshima
Kagoshima
prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 447, p. 447, at Google Books. ^ Nussbaum, " Kagoshima
Kagoshima
prefecture" at p. 447, p. 447, at Google Books. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 8 February 2012. 

References[edit]

Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan Encyclopedia. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-01753-6; ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kagoshima
Kagoshima
prefecture.

Kagoshima
Kagoshima
(prefecture) travel guide from Wikivoyage Official Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Prefecture website (in English) National Archives of Japan
Japan
... Kagoshima
Kagoshima
map (1891)

v t e

Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Prefecture

Kagoshima
Kagoshima
(capital)

Core city

Kagoshima

Cities

Aira Akune Hioki Ibusuki Ichikikushikino Isa Izumi Kanoya Kirishima Makurazaki Minamikyūshū Minamisatsuma Satsumasendai Shibushi Soo Tarumizu

Ōshima Subprefecture

Amami

Kumage Subprefecture

Nishinoomote

Ōshima Subprefecture

Ōshima District

Amagi China Isen Kikai Setouchi Tatsugō Tokunoshima Wadomari Yoron Uken Yamato

Kumage Subprefecture

Kumage District

Nakatane Minamitane Yakushima

Aira District

Yūsui

Izumi District

Nagashima

Kagoshima
Kagoshima
District

Mishima Toshima

Kimotsuki District

Higashikushira Kimotsuki Kinkō Minamiōsumi

Satsuma District

Satsuma

Soo District

Ōsaki

List of mergers in Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Prefecture

v t e

Regions and administrative divisions of Japan

Regions

Hokkaido Tōhoku Kantō

Nanpō Islands

Chūbu

Hokuriku Kōshin'etsu Shin'etsu Tōkai

Kansai Chūgoku

San'in San'yō

Shikoku Kyushu

Northern Southern Okinawa

47 Prefectures

Hokkaido

Hokkaido

Tōhoku

Aomori Iwate Miyagi Akita Yamagata Fukushima

Kantō

Ibaraki Tochigi Gunma Saitama Chiba Tokyo Kanagawa

Chūbu

Niigata Toyama Ishikawa Fukui Yamanashi Nagano Gifu Shizuoka Aichi

Kansai

Mie Shiga Kyoto Osaka Hyōgo Nara Wakayama

Chūgoku

Tottori Shimane Okayama Hiroshima Yamaguchi

Shikoku

Tokushima Kagawa Ehime Kōchi

Kyushu

Fukuoka Saga Nagasaki Kumamoto Ōita Miyazaki Kagoshima Okinawa

Coordinates: 31°24′N 130°31′E / 31.400°N 130.517°E / 31.400; 130.517

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 259297768 LCCN: n80034944 ISNI: 0000 0004 0406 8643 GND: 4308811-9 SUDOC: 171879473 BNF: cb11976045q (d

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