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Jharkhand
Jharkhand
(lit. "Bushland" or The land of forest) is a state in eastern India, carved out of the southern part of Bihar
Bihar
on 15 November 2000.[4] The state shares its border with the states of Bihar
Bihar
to the north, Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
to the northwest, Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
to the west, Odisha
Odisha
to the south, and West Bengal
West Bengal
to the east. It has an area of 79,710 km2 (30,778 sq mi). The city of Ranchi
Ranchi
is its capital and Dumka
Dumka
its sub capital. Jharkhand
Jharkhand
suffers from resource curse;[5] It accounts for more than 40% of the mineral resources of India,[6] but it suffers widespread poverty as 39.1 per cent of the population is below the poverty line and 19.6 per cent of the children under five years of age are malnourished.[7] The State is primarily a rural state as only 24 percent of the population resides in cities.[8]

Contents

1 History

1.1 British rule 1.2 Post-independence 1.3 Jharkhand
Jharkhand
statehood 1.4 Naxal insurgency

2 Geography

2.1 Hills and Mountain Ranges 2.2 Main Rivers 2.3 Flora
Flora
and Fauna

3 Demographics

3.1 Language

4 Religion 5 Cuisine 6 Administrative districts

6.1 Divisions and districts 6.2 Major cities

7 Economy 8 Transport

8.1 Air 8.2 Roads 8.3 Ports 8.4 Rail

9 Education

9.1 Schools 9.2 Universities and colleges

9.2.1 Autonomous 9.2.2 Agriculture 9.2.3 Engineering 9.2.4 Management 9.2.5 Medical colleges 9.2.6 Psychiatry

10 Health 11 Animal husbandry and veterinary services 12 Sports 13 See also 14 References 15 External links

History Main article: History of Jharkhand According to writers including Gautam Kumar Bera,[9] there was already a distinct geo-political, cultural entity called Jharkhand
Jharkhand
even before the Magadha
Magadha
Empire. Bera's book (page 33) also refers to the Hindu epic Bhavishya Purana. The tribal rulers, some of whom continue to thrive till today were known as the Munda Rajas,[10][11] who basically had ownership rights to large farmlands.[12] During the age of Mahajanpadas around 500 BC, India
India
saw the emergence of 16 large states that controlled the entire Indian subcontinent. In those days the Jharkhand
Jharkhand
state was a part of Magadha, Anga, Banga, Kalinga, Kashi and Vajji. British rule In 1765, the region came under the control of the British East India Company. The subjugation and colonisation of Jharkhand
Jharkhand
region by the British East India
India
Company resulted in spontaneous resistance from the local people. Almost one hundred years before Indian Rebellion of 1857, Adivasis
Adivasis
of Jharkhand
Jharkhand
were already beginning what would become a series of repeated revolts against British colonial rule: The period of revolts of the Adivasis
Adivasis
to protect their Jharkhand
Jharkhand
land took place from 1771 to 1900. The first ever revolt against the landlords and the British government was led by Tilka Manjhi, a Paharia leader in Rajmahal Hills in 1771. He wanted to liberate his people from the clutches of the unscrupulous landlords and restore the lands of their ancestors. The British government sent its troops and crushed the uprisings of Tilka Manjhi. Soon after in 1779, the Bhumij tribes rose in arms against the British rule in Manbhum, now in West Bengal. This was followed by the Chero tribes unrest in Palamau.

Santhal rebellion
Santhal rebellion
against Zamindari system
Zamindari system
during British Company Raj in 1855

They revolted against the British rule in 1800 AD. Hardly seven years later in 1807, the Oraons in Barway murdered their big landlord from Srinagar, west of Gumla. Soon the uprisings spread around Gumla. The tribal uprisings spread eastward to neighbouring Tamar areas of the Munda tribes. They too rose in revolt in 1811 and 1813. The Hos in Singhbhum were growing restless and came out in open revolt in 1820 and fought against the landlords and the British troops for two years. This is called the Lakra Kol Risings 1820–1821. Then came the great Kol Risings of 1832. This was the first biggest tribal revolt that greatly upset the British administration in Jharkhand. It was caused by an attempt by the Zamindars to oust the tribal peasants from their hereditary possessions. The Santhal rebellion
Santhal rebellion
broke out in 1855 under the leadership of two brothers Sidhu and Kanhu. Then Birsa Munda
Birsa Munda
revolt,[13] broke out in 1895 and lasted till 1900. The revolt though mainly concentrated in the Munda belt of Khunti, Tamar, Sarwada and Bandgaon, pulled its supporters from Oraon belt of Lohardaga, Sisai and even Barway. It was the longest and the greatest tribal revolt.[14][not in citation given] Post-independence

The ancient Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple in Deoghar

After the last Assembly election in the state threw up a hung Assembly, RJD's dependence on the Congress extended support on the precondition that RJD will not pose a hurdle to the passage of the Bihar
Bihar
reorganization Bill ( Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Bill). Finally, with the support from both RJD and Congress, the ruling coalition at the Centre led by the BJP which has made statehood its mail poll plank in the region in successive polls earlier, cleared the Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Bill in the monsoon session of the Parliament this year, thus paving the way for the creation of a separate Jharkhand
Jharkhand
state.[15] Jharkhand
Jharkhand
statehood The dynamics of resources and the politics of development still influence the socio-economic structures in Jharkhand, which was carved out of the relatively under developed southern part of Bihar. According to the 1991 census, the state has a population of over 20 million out of which 28% is tribal while 12% of the people belong to scheduled castes. Jharkhand
Jharkhand
has 24 districts, 260 blocks and 32,620 villages out of which only 45% have access to electricity while only 8,484 are connected by roads. Jharkhand
Jharkhand
is the leading producer of mineral wealth in the country after Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
state, endowed as it is with vast variety of minerals like iron ore, coal, copper ore, mica, bauxite, graphite, limestone, and uranium. Jharkhand
Jharkhand
is also known for its vast forest resources.[16] Naxal insurgency Jharkhand
Jharkhand
has been at the centre of the Naxalite-Maoist insurgency. Since the uprising of the Naxalites
Naxalites
in 1967, 6,000 people have been killed in fighting between the Naxalites
Naxalites
and counter-insurgency operations by the police, and its paramilitary groups such as the Salwa Judum.[17] Despite having a presence in almost 7.80% of India's geographical area[18] (home to 5.50% of India's population), the state of Jharkhand is part of the "Naxal Belt" comprising 92,000 square kilometres,[18] where the highest concentrations of the groups estimated 20,000 combatants[19] fight. Part of this is due to the fact that the state harbours a rich abundance of natural resources, while its people live in abject poverty and destitution.[20] The impoverished state provides ample recruits for the communist insurgents, who argue that they are fighting on behalf of the landless poor that see few benefits from the resource extractions.[20] As the federal government holds a monopoly on sub-surface resources in the state, the tribal population is prevented from staking any claim on the resources extracted from their land.[20] In response, the insurgents have recently begun a campaign of targeting infrastructure related to the extraction of resources vital for Indian energy needs, such as coal.[18] On 5 March 2007, Sunil Mahato, a member of the national parliament, was shot dead by Naxalite rebels near Kishanpur while watching a football match on the Hindu festival of Holi. His widow, Suman Mahato, the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
candidate, won the Jamshedpur
Jamshedpur
Lok Sabha by-election in September 2007 and served in parliament until 2009.[21] Geography

State symbols of Jharkhand'

Formation day 15 November 2000 Created by " Bihar
Bihar
Reorganisation Act, 2000."

State animal Elephant[22]

State bird Koel

State tree Sal[22]

State flower Palash[22]

Palash
Palash
flowers, bright red, pepper the skyline in Jharkhand
Jharkhand
during fall, also known as forest fire

Jharkhand
Jharkhand
is located in the eastern part of India
India
and is enclosed by Bihar
Bihar
to the northern side, Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
and Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
to the western side, Odisha
Odisha
to the southern part and West Bengal
West Bengal
to the eastern part. Jharkhand
Jharkhand
envelops a geographical area of 79.70 lakh hectare. A lot many areas of Jharkhand
Jharkhand
lie on Chota Nagpur Plateau. Many rivers pass through the Chota Nagpur plateau. They are: Damodar, Brahmani, Koel, Subarnarekha and Kharkairivers. The higher watersheds of these rivers stretch out within the Jharkhand
Jharkhand
state. Much of the Jharkhand
Jharkhand
state is still enclosed by forest. Forests sustain the population of Elephants and tigers.

A Female Indian Elephant
Elephant
at Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary
Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary
in Jharkhand

Hills and Mountain Ranges

Tagore Hill: The Tagore Hill is also recognized as the Morabadi Hill. The Tagore hill is located in Morabadi, Ranchi. The Tagore Hill stands like a guard on the top of a hill. The brother of Rabindranath Tagore, Jyotirindranath Tagore had made a tour at Ranchi
Ranchi
in the year 1908. He was enamored by the appeal of the mesmerizing place. Canary Hill: Canary Hill is surrounded by beautiful parks and is studded with 3 tiny lakes. Canary hill has a surveillance tower. From the hill’s top, a panoramic sight of the township can be observed. The finest place to drench in the natural beauty of Hazaribagh
Hazaribagh
is from the Canary Hill which pays off for the beautiful view of the dense flora in its ambiance. Parasnath
Parasnath
Hill: Parasnath
Parasnath
Hill is also recognized as Sri Sammed Sikharji. The Parasnath
Parasnath
Hill is situated in Giridih district
Giridih district
of Jharkhand. It is a chief Jain pilgrimage site and the holy place for Jains. It is believed in the Jain culture that 20 of the 24 Tirthankaras attained Moksha from this place. The height of the hill is 1,350 meters. Fuldungri: Fuldungri is situated on a small hill near Ghatshila town. Fuldungri’s peak proffers a panoramic sight of the undulating hills and valleys. The gorgeous Burudih Lake is situated seventeen kilometers North of Fuldungri. It is yet another nearby attraction. Trikut Hill: Trikut Hill is located ten kilometers away from Deoghar and lies on the way to Dumka
Dumka
in Jharkhand. Trikut hill is also called Trikutchal because there are 3 major peaks on the hill. The height of Trikut hill is 2470 feet. Nandan Hill: Nandan hill is a small hill binding the township which has a well-known Nandi Temple. The Nandi hill has been brilliantly maintained by the local government. It speaks a lot about the attractiveness of the place. The Nandan hill is located in front of the well-known Shiv temple. It is also surrounded by beautiful lake tempting the tourists. Ranchi
Ranchi
Hill: The Ranchi
Ranchi
Hill is one of the preferred sightseer attractions in Ranchi, Jharkhand. At Ranchi
Ranchi
Hill’s pinnacle, there is a holy place dedicated to Lord Shiva. Ranchi
Ranchi
hill magnetize tourists to have a panoramic sight of the place. At the pedestal of the hill of Ranchi
Ranchi
there is a lake, Ranchi
Ranchi
Lake.

Main Rivers

Dassam fall near Ranchi
Ranchi
is a tributary of Subarnarekha River.

Sone River: Origin of Sone River: Amarkantak, Cities on the Shore of Sone River: Sidhi, Dehri, Patna Subarnarekha River: Origin of Subarnarekha River: Chota Nagpur Plateau, Cities on the Shore of Subarnarekha River: Chandil, Jamshedpur, Ghatshila, Gopiballavpur Damodar River: Origin of Damodar River: Chota Nagpur Plateau, Cities on the Shore of Damodar River: Bokaro, Asansol, Raniganj, Durgapur, Bardhaman South Koyal River: Origin of South Koyal River: Chota Nagpur Plateau, Cities on the Shore of South Koyal River: Manoharpur Ajay River: Origin of Ajay River: Munger, Cities on the Shore of Ajay River: Churulia, Chittaranjan, Ilambazar, Jaydev Kenduli Phalgu River: Origin of Phalgu River: Northern Chota Nagpur Plateau, City on the Shore of Phalgu River: Gaya Mayurakshi River: Origin of Mayurakshi River: Trikut hill, City on the Shore of Mayurakshi River: Suri

Flora
Flora
and Fauna

A crocodile at Muta crocodile breeding centre at Ormanjhi, Ranchi

Jharkhand
Jharkhand
has a rich variety of flora and fauna. The National Parks and the Zoological Gardens located in the state of Jharkhand
Jharkhand
present a panorama of this variety. Part of the reason for the variety and diversity of flora and fauna found in Jharkhand
Jharkhand
state may be accredited to the Palamau
Palamau
Tiger Reserves under the Project Tiger. This reserve is abode to hundreds of species of flora and fauna,[23] as indicated within brackets: mammals (39), snakes (8), lizards (4), fish (6), insects (21), birds (170), seed bearing plants and trees (97), shrubs and herbs (46), climbers, parasites and semi-parasites (25), and grasses and bamboos (17). Demographics See also: Tribes of Jharkhand As per 2011 Indian Census Jharkhand
Jharkhand
has a population of 32.96 million, consisting of 16.93 million males and 16.03 million females.[24] The sex ratio is 947 females to 1000 males.[24] The literacy rate of the state was 67.63% with Ranchi
Ranchi
district being most educated at 77.13% compared to rural Pakur district
Pakur district
being least at 50.17%.[24]

Population Growth 

Census Pop.

1951 9,697,000

1961 11,606,000

19.7%

1971 14,227,000

22.6%

1981 17,612,000

23.8%

1991 21,844,000

24.0%

2001 26,945,829

23.4%

2011 32,988,134

22.4%

Est. 32,555,864

20.8%

Source:Census of India[25]

Language Hindi
Hindi
is the official language in Jharkhand
Jharkhand
and Urdu has been declared as an additional official language.[26] Jharkhand
Jharkhand
legislature had passed a bill according the status of a second official language to several languages in 2011 but the same was turned down by the Governor.[27][28][29] As per the 2001 census, major languages spoken in Jharkhand
Jharkhand
(with 2001 census percentages in brackets): Hindi (57.56%), Santali (10.69%), Bengali (9.68%), Urdu (8.63%), Kurukh (3.20%), Mundari (3.19%), Ho (2.90%) and Odia (1.74%).[30] Religion

Sun Temple
Sun Temple
at Ranchi; Hinduism
Hinduism
is the largest religion in the state

Religion in Jharkhand
Jharkhand
(2011)[31]    Hinduism
Hinduism
(67.8%)    Islam
Islam
(14.5%)    Sarnaism
Sarnaism
(12.8%)    Christianity
Christianity
(4.3%)   Not stated (0.6%)

As per the 2011 census, Hinduism
Hinduism
is the majority religion in the state at 67.8%, followed by Islam
Islam
at 14.5% and Christianity
Christianity
at 4.3%.[31] Other religions, primarily Sarnaism, constitute 12.8% of the population.[32] Cuisine See also: Cuisine of Jharkhand Jharkhandis have a cuisine in which spices are rarely used and rice is the staple diet. They prepare different dishes of rice, different types of Rotis, Litti Chokha, Pani puri (Gupchup), Pittha, Dhuska, Dudhauri, kera-dudhauri, Jhalmudhi etc. Dhuska is a famous dish of Jharkhand
Jharkhand
cooked with mashed rice and pulses and served with either aaloo dum or mutton curry; kera-dudhauri is a famous dish prepared with milk, rice, ghee and gur. In many parts of Jharkhand
Jharkhand
including Panch Pargana area (Bundu, Rahe, Sonahatu, Silli, Angara, Arki and Tamar Blocks of Ranchi
Ranchi
& Khunti districts) a special food item "Charpa" is prepared by frying mashed rice mixed with spicy vegetable preparations; hence the name follows viz. Sembi Charpa, Egg Charpa and many more depending upon the ingredient vegetable source.[33][34] Local alcoholic drinks include rice beer, originally known as Diyeng or Handia, named after the vessel (earthen pot) used to make it. Handiya is culturally associated with native i.e. Tribals as well as Sadan, as this drink is consumed by both men and women, on social occasions like marriage and other festivals.[35][36] Another common liquor is called Mahu, made from fruit/flowers of the "Mahua" tree (Madhukam Indicum).[37] Administrative districts Main article: Districts of Jharkhand The state was formed with 18 districts that were formerly part of south Bihar. Some of these districts were reorganised to form 6 new districts, namely, Latehar, Saraikela Kharsawan, Jamtara, Sahebganj, Khunti and Ramgarh. At present, the state has 5 Divisions and 24 Districts. One interesting thing about Jharkhand
Jharkhand
is that all its districts, except Lohardaga and Khunti, share a border with a neighboring state.[38]

Youth marching: parade for India's Republic Day, Jharkhand
Jharkhand
state, India

Divisions and districts

Palamu Division

Garhwa Palamu Latehar

North Chotanagpur Division

Chatra Hazaribag Giridih Koderma Dhanbad Bokaro Ramgarh

South Chotanagpur Division

Ranchi Lohardaga Gumla Simdega Khunti

Kolhan Division

West Singhbhum Seraikela Kharsawan East Singhbhum

Santhal Pargana Division

Deoghar Jamtara Dumka Godda Pakur Sahebganj

Major cities

Largest Cities in Jharkhand (2011 Census of India
India
estimate)[39]

Rank City District Population Rank City District Population

Jamshedpur

Bokaro

01 Jamshedpur East Singbhum 1,339,438 06 Phusro Bokaro 185,555

02 Dhanbad Dhanbad 1,196,214 07 Hazaribagh Hazaribagh 153,595

03 Ranchi Ranchi 1,120,374 08 Giridih Giridh 143,630

04 Bokaro Steel City Bokaro 564,319 09 Ramgarh Ramgarh 132,425

05 Deoghar Deoghar 203,123 10 Daltonganj Palamu 120,325

Economy

Open-cast Coal
Coal
Mining in Dhanbad

Jharkhand
Jharkhand
has several towns and innumerable villages with civic amenities. Urbanization ratio is 24.1% and the per capita annual income is US$726.8.[40] Jharkhand
Jharkhand
also has immense mineral resources: minerals ranging from (ranking in the country within bracket) from iron ore (1st), coal(3rd), copper ore (1st), mica (1st), bauxite (3rd), Manganese, limestone, china clay, fire clay, graphite (8th), kainite (1st), chromite (2nd), asbestos (1st), thorium (3rd), sillimanite, uranium (Jaduguda mines, Narwa Pahar) (1st) and even gold (Rakha Mines) (6th) and silver and several other minerals. Large deposits of coal and iron ore support concentration of industry, in centres like Jamshedpur, Dhanbad, Bokaro and Ranchi. Tata Steel, a S&P CNX 500 conglomerate has its corporate office and main plant in Tatanagar, Jharkhand.[41] It reported a gross income of ₹. 204,910 million for 2005. NTPC will start coal production from its captive mine in state in 2011–12, for which the company will be investing about Rs 1,800 crore.[42] Transport

Ranchi
Ranchi
Airport (IXR)

National Highway 33 near Ramgarh Cantonment

State Highway 2 in the Mountainous Patratu
Patratu
Valley

Air Ranchi
Ranchi
Airport is the largest domestic airport in the state with air connectivity to major Indian cities of Delhi, Kolkata, Bangalore, Mumbai, Hyderabad
Hyderabad
among others.[43] Other airports present in the state are Bokaro Airport, Jamshedpur
Jamshedpur
Airport, Chakulia Airport, Dumka Airport and Dhanbad
Dhanbad
Airport who mostly run private and charter flights.[44] Roads Jharkhand
Jharkhand
has extensive network of National Highways and State Highways.[45] There is 2,661.83 kilometres (1,653.98 mi) of paved National Highways in the state as of 2016.[45] The National highways present in the state are numbered 2, 6, 23, 31, 32, 33, 43, 75, 78, 80, 98, 99, 100, 114A, 133, 133B, 133A, 143A, 220, 333, 333A, 343 and 419.[45] The Golden Quadrilateral
Golden Quadrilateral
network of Delhi
Delhi
Kolkata
Kolkata
route runs through Jharkhand
Jharkhand
notably at Dhanbad.[46][47] Ports Jharkhand
Jharkhand
is landlocked state but has numerous rivers and waterways.[48] A multi-model port has been planned at Sahebganj
Sahebganj
where river Ganges
Ganges
flows.[49] The project is estimated to cost INR 6,500 crores and phase-1 is estimated to be completed by 2019.[50] Rail Jharkhand
Jharkhand
is very well connected by railways and has numerous railway stations.[51] See also: Category:Railway stations in Jharkhand
Jharkhand
and Category:Rail transport in Jharkhand Education As per the 2011 census conducted by Government of India
India
the official literacy rate for the state was 67.63% (Male: 78.45%; Female: 56.21%) with 9 districts above the average literacy rate:[52][53]

Ranchi: 77.13% (Male: 85.53%; Female: 68.20%) East Singhbhum : 76.13% (Male: 84.51%; Female: 67.33%) Dhanbad: 75.71% (Male: 85.68%; Female: 64.70%) Ramgarh: 73.92% (Male: 83.51%; Female: 63.49%) Bokaro: 78.48% (Male: 84.50%; Female: 61.46%) Hazaribagh: 70.48% (Male: 81.15%; Female: 59.25%) Saraikela Khasawan: 68.85% (Male: 81.01%; Female: 56.19%) Kodarma: 68.35% (Male: 81.25%; Female: 54.77%) Lohardaga: 68.29% (Male: 78.62%; Female: 57.86%) Deoghar: 66.34% (Male: 79.13%; Female: 53.39%)

Since the formation of the new state, the Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Education Project Council (JEPC) has been implementing four projects to spread elementary education: DPEP, SSA, NPEGEL, and KGBV. The state has been moving towards the goal of universal elementary education but the target of hundred percent enrolment and retention of children in schools has not yet been attained.[54] Jharkhand
Jharkhand
has made primary education so accessible that 95% of children of ages 6–11 are enrolled in school, as opposed to 56% in 1993–94, so this will likely to improve literacy a great deal. Some of the better known schools which operate nationally and regionally are Vikas Vidyalaya, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, DAV Hehal, St. Thomas School, Delhi
Delhi
Public School, Oxford Public School, De Nobili School, Kendriya Vidyalaya, Chinmaya Public School, Loyola school, Sacred Heart School, St. Xavier's, Shishu Mandir, and Surendranath Centenary School. Students from Jharkhand
Jharkhand
rank well in almost all competitive exams at the national level.[55] Schools The medium of instruction in schools is Hindi/English with English/Hindi/Sanskrit/Bengali/Odia as second language. After 10 years of schooling, students can join 2 years of Intermediate course (or +2 courses) in Arts, Science
Science
and Commerce. This is followed by 3 years of degree courses (graduation)or 4 years of Engineering/Agriculture/ Medicine
Medicine
degree. On May 2008, Jharkhand
Jharkhand
became the first in India
India
to introduce free haircuts for poor students. 40,000 barbers will be employed with a monthly salary of 1000 rupees (25 US dollars) which will cost the state government 40 million rupees (1 million US dollars).[56] Universities and colleges See also: List of institutions of higher education in Jharkhand

Birsa Agricultural University, Kanke, Ranchi Central University of Jharkhand, Brambe, Ranchi Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Rai University, Ranchi Kolhan University, Chaibasa National University of Study and Research in Law, Ranchi Nilamber Pitamber University, Medininagar Ranchi
Ranchi
University, Ranchi Sido Kanhu Murmu University, Dumka Vinoba Bhave University, Hazaribagh

Autonomous

Indian Institute of Information Technology, Ranchi Indian Institute of Management Ranchi Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines), Dhanbad National Institute of Foundry and Forge Technology
National Institute of Foundry and Forge Technology
(NIFFT), Ranchi National University of Study and Research in Law National Institute of Technology, Jamshedpur St. Xavier's College, Ranchi Xavier Institute of Social Service
Xavier Institute of Social Service
(XISS), Ranchi Xavier Labour Relations Institute (XLRI), Jamshedpur

Agriculture

Indian Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology, Ranchi

Engineering

Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi

Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi Birsa Institute of Technology Sindri, Dhanbad Cambridge Institute of Technology, Ranchi DAV Institute of Engineering
Engineering
& Technology, Daltonganj R.V.S College of Engineering
Engineering
and Technology, Jamshedpur

Management

Institute of Management Studies, Ranchi
Ranchi
IMS-RU

Medical colleges

M.G.M Medical College, Jamshedpur Patliputra Medical College and Hospital (PMCH), Dhanbad Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS), Ranchi

Psychiatry

Central Institute of Psychiatry

Health Because of its mild climate, Jharkhand, particularly its capital Ranchi, has been like a health resort. As far back as 1918, facilities were set up for treatment of mentally challenged.[57][not in citation given] European Mental Hospital was established along with Indian Mental Hospital. Today they are called Central Institute of Psychiatry and Ranchi
Ranchi
Institute of Neuro-psychiatry and Allied Sciences respectively. In certain areas of Jharkhand, poverty and consequent malnutrition have given rise to diseases like tuberculosis (TB). In fact, TB has assumed epidemic proportions in certain areas of the state. For management and treatment of such TB, Itki TB Sanatorium, Ranchi, established in 1928 has been doing exemplary work as a premier institute for clinical and programmatic management of TB. The Itki TB Sanatorium is well equipped and accredited by the Indian government for quality assurance and Culture and Drug Sensitivity Testing for M.TB. It provides free of cost treatment for TB as well as Drug resistant TB. Likewise, in the field of treatment of cancer, Tata Main Hospital, Jamshedpur,[58] is rendering pioneering work. In the same way Bokaro General Hospital equipped with modern facilities for the treatment Cancer and heart related problems with capacity of 1100 beds one of the largest in eastern India. Although several public and private health facilities are available in the state, overall infrastructure for dispensing health related services require improvements. An exception is the famous Tata Motors Hospital which is an example of an ISO 14001 and 18001 certified hospital with DNB teaching facilities. Ranchi, the capital, has witnessed a sharp growth in the number of hospitals. Hospitals like Orchid Medical Centre have introduced world class healthcare services to the people of the state. However, in rural areas facilities are still scarce and reliant on foreign aid projects (such as Traditional Healthcare
Traditional Healthcare
in Datom) for the establishment of clinics Fluoride
Fluoride
in groundwater presents a public health problem in Jharkhand. A recent survey led by the Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi
Ranchi
in collaboration with UNICEF
UNICEF
in the northwest districts of Palamau
Palamau
and Garhwa
Garhwa
found fluoride levels above the drinking WHO drinking water guidelines.[59] Excessive amounts of fluoride in drinking water can lead to dental fluorosis, prevalent bone fractures, and skeletal fluorosis, an irreversible disabling condition.[60] Some work has focused on combating fluorosis through increased calcium intake by consuming local plants.[61] Researchers at Princeton University and the Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi
Ranchi
are currently investigating defluoridation options, while performing an epidemiological survey to assess the extent of fluoride linked health problems and the impact of future interventions.[62][63] Almost 80% of Jharkhand's people are farmers, although it contains 40% of India's mineral reserves it has some of India's poorest people, in Summer 2009 the state was threatened by drought, with people criticising the government for not providing food aid or assistance.[64] Animal husbandry and veterinary services

African lions
African lions
at Tata Steel
Tata Steel
Zoological Park in Jamshedpur.

Jharkhand
Jharkhand
has a diverse domestic animal population, including local and crossbred cattle, black Bengal goat, chhotanagpuri sheep, murrah and local buffalo, broilers and ducks of many varieties.[65] The state Veterinary department runs Veterinary Dispensaries located throughout Jharkhand
Jharkhand
and posts Touring Veterinary officers, Block Animal Husbandry Officers, Touring Veterinary officers (mobile), Assistant Poultry Officers and Veterinary Surgeons to support the agricultural industry. The state has a Veterinary College located at Kanke, Ranchi.[66] Sports Cricket, Hockey and football are popular games with the people of Jharkhand. Jharkhand
Jharkhand
has given some brilliant players like Jaipal Singh, a former Indian hockey captain and Olympian and Manohar Topno, currently playing for the Indian Hockey team. Jaipal Singh
Jaipal Singh
was the captain of the hockey team that won the first gold medal for India
India
in the 1928 Summer Olympics
1928 Summer Olympics
in Amsterdam. Mahendra Singh Dhoni
Mahendra Singh Dhoni
who was the captain of Indian cricket team
Indian cricket team
and led the Indian cricket team
Indian cricket team
to ICC Cricket
Cricket
World Cup Glory on 2 April 2011, ending a 28-year wait to repeat the feat achieved by former Indian captain Kapil Dev
Kapil Dev
in 1983 at Lord's, England.[67]

Aerial View of JRD Tata Sports Complex
JRD Tata Sports Complex
and Keenan Stadium
Keenan Stadium
in Jamshedpur

Another rising cricketer from Jharkhand
Jharkhand
is Varun Aaron, India's fastest bowler and Saurabh Tiwary, left hand hard hitting batsman of India
India
who represented Mumbai
Mumbai
Indians from the 2008 Indian Premier League and currently playing for Delhi
Delhi
Daredevils in 2015. He was one of the key batsmen in the Indian team that won the 2008 U/19 Cricket World Cup in Malaysia. Ashunta Lakra, sister of Vimal Lakra is the Indian Hockey Captain currently.And one of the emerging sport personality is Deepika Kumari, a young Indian athlete who competes in the event of Archery. She won gold medal in the 2010 Commonwealth games in the women's individual recurve event.

Former Indian Cricket
Cricket
team Captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni
Mahendra Singh Dhoni
hails from Ranchi

An International Cricket
Cricket
stadium with an indoor stadium and a practice ground has been constructed. This international stadium has hosted an International Match between India
India
and England
England
on 19 January 2013.[68] Apart from that, this stadium has hosted two IPL 6
IPL 6
matches for KKR and qualifier 2 of IPL 8
IPL 8
between CSK and RCB and Celebrity Cricket
Cricket
League Matches for Bhojpuri Dabanggs. A Tennis Academy, which was inaugurated by Sania Mirza
Sania Mirza
and Shoaib Malik, also runs besides the Cricket stadium.[69] Ranchi
Ranchi
is among six cities in Hockey India
India
League to be played in January 2013. Ranchi
Ranchi
franchise was bought by Patel-Uniexcel Group and the team named Ranchi
Ranchi
Rhinos which is now being co-hosted by Mahendra Singh Dhoni
Mahendra Singh Dhoni
and named as Ranchi
Ranchi
Rays.[70] Ranchi
Ranchi
is also famous for being the hometown of World Cup winning Captain of Indian Cricket
Cricket
team, Mahendra Singh Dhoni. India's ace archer Deepika Kumari, gold medal winner of Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
2010 and current world no.1 rank holder, also hails from Ranchi. See also

Outline of India Index of India-related articles Bibliography of India List of people from Jharkhand India
India
– book

Jharkhand
Jharkhand
portal India
India
portal South Asia portal Asia portal Geography portal

References

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Jharkhand
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Jharkhand
Rice Knowledge Management Portal
Portal
– Rice, Paddy, Dhan, Chawal, Rice Research Domain, Rice Extension Domain, Rice Farmers Domain, Rice General Domain, Rice Service Domain, RKMP, Rice in India, Rice Government Schemes, Rice ITKs, Rice FLDs, Rice Package of Practices". www.rkmp.co.in. Retrieved 2 February 2017.  ^ "The Telegraph – Calcutta : Jharkhand". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 2 February 2017.  ^ "High time to make most of mahua – Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2 February 2017.  ^ "Districts of Jharkhand". www.jharkhand.gov.in. Government of Jharkhan. Retrieved 4 February 2017.  ^ "Jharkhand". Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner. 18 March 2007. Retrieved 23 July 2008.  ^ "Jharkhand" (PDF). India
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Capital: Ranchi

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Chatra Hazaribagh Giridih Koderma Dhanbad Bokaro Ramgarh

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