The Info List - Ivar Jacobson

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IVAR HJALMAR JACOBSON (born 1939) is a Swedish computer scientist and software engineer , known as major contributor to UML , Objectory , Rational Unified Process (RUP), aspect-oriented software development and Essence.


* 1 Biography

* 2 Work

* 2.1 Ericsson
* 2.2 Rational Software * 2.3 Essential Unified Process * 2.4 EssWork * 2.5 SEMAT

* 3 Publications * 4 References * 5 External links


Ivar Jacobson
Ivar Jacobson
was born in Ystad
, Sweden
on September 2nd, 1939. He received his Master of Electrical Engineering
Electrical Engineering
degree at Chalmers Institute of Technology in Gothenburg
in 1962. After his work at Ericsson, he formalized the language and method he had been working on in his Ph.D.
at the Royal Institute of Technology
Royal Institute of Technology
in Stockholm
in 1985 on the thesis Language Constructs for Large Real Time Systems.

After his master's degree, Jacobson joined Ericsson
and worked in R&D on computerized switching systems AKE and AXE including PLEX . After his PhD thesis in April 1987, he started Objective Systems with Ericsson
as a major customer. A majority stake of the company was acquired by Ericsson
in 1991, and the company was renamed Objectory AB . Jacobson developed the software method Object-Oriented Software Engineering (OOSE) published 1992, which was a simplified version of the commercial software process Objectory (short for Object Factory).

In October, 1995, Ericsson
divested Objectory to Rational Software and Jacobson started working with Grady Booch
Grady Booch
and James Rumbaugh
James Rumbaugh
, known collectively as the Three Amigos.

When IBM
bought Rational in 2003, Jacobson decided to leave, after he stayed on until May 2004 as an executive technical consultant.

In mid-2003 Jacobson formed Ivar Jacobson
Ivar Jacobson
International (IJI) which operates across three continents with offices in the UK, the US, Sweden, Switzerland, China, and Singapore.



In 1967 at Ericsson, Jacobson proposed the use of software components in the new generation of software controlled telephone switches Ericsson
was developing. In doing this he invented sequence diagrams , and developed collaboration diagrams. He also used state transition diagrams to describe the message flows between components.

Jacobson saw a need for blueprints for software development. He was one of the original developers of the Specification and Design Language (SDL). In 1975, SDL became a standard in the telecoms industry.

At Objectory he also invented use cases as a way to specify functional software requirements.


At Rational, Jacobson and his friends, Grady Booch
Grady Booch
and James Rumbaugh , designed the UML and his Objectory Process evolved to become the Rational Unified Process under the leadership of Philippe Kruchten.


In November 2005, Jacobson announced the Essential Unified Process or “EssUP” for short. EssUP was a new “Practice” centric software development process that stood on the shoulders of modern but established software development practices. It was a fresh new start, integrating successful practices sourced from the three leading process camps: the unified process camp, the agile software development camp and the process improvement camp. Each one of them contributed different capabilities: structure, agility and process improvement.

Ivar has described EssUP as a "super light and agile" RUP, and IJI have integrated EssUP into Microsoft
Visual Studio Team System
Visual Studio Team System
and Eclipse .


Standing on the experience of EssUP Ivar and his team, in particular Ian Spence and Pan Wei Ng, developed EssWok starting in 2006. EssWork is a framework for working with methods. It is based on a kernel of universal elements always prevalent in software development endeavors. On top of the kernel some fifteen practices have been defined. A team can create their own method by composing practices.


In November 2009, Jacobson, Bertrand Meyer
Bertrand Meyer
and Richard Soley ("the Troika") started an initiative called SEMAT ( Software
Engineering Method and Theory) to seek to develop a rigorous, theoretically sound basis for software engineering practice, and its wide adoption by industry and academia. SEMAT has been inspired by the work at IJI, but it is a fresh new start. It has resulted in Essence , which at the time of this writing has been recommended as an OMG standard.


Jacobson has published several books and articles, a selection:

* 1992. Object-Oriented Software
Engineering: A Use Case Driven Approach (ACM Press) With Marcus Christerson, Patrik Jonsson & Gunnar Overgaard. Addison-Wesley, 1992, ISBN 0-201-54435-0 * 1994. The Object Advantage: Business Process Reengineering With Object Technology (ACM Press). With M. Ericsson
& A. Jacobson. Addison-Wesley, ISBN 0-201-42289-1 * 1997. Software
Reuse: Architecture, Process, and Organization for Business Success (ACM Press). With Martin Griss & Patrik Jonsson. Addison-Wesley, 1997, ISBN 0-201-92476-5 * 1999. The Unified Software
Development Process. With Grady Booch
Grady Booch
& James Rumbaugh
James Rumbaugh
. Addison-Wesley Professional, 1999, ISBN 0-201-57169-2

* 2004. The Unified Modeling Language Reference Manual (2nd Edition). With Grady Booch
Grady Booch
& James Rumbaugh
James Rumbaugh
. Addison-Wesley Professional, 2004, ISBN 0-321-24562-8 * 2004. Aspect-Oriented Software
Development With Use Cases (Addison-Wesley Object Technology Series). With Pan-Wei Ng. Addison-Wesley, ISBN 0-321-26888-1 * 2005. The Unified Modeling Language User Guide (2nd Edition). With Grady Booch
Grady Booch

* ^ http://www.ericssonhistory.com/products/the-switches/AKE---an-electronic-dead-end/ * ^ DBMS Interview - October 1996 * ^ * ^ Ivar Jacobson
Ivar Jacobson
at DBLP Bibliography