Ipswich (/ˈɪpswɪtʃ/ ( listen)) is the county town of
Suffolk, England, located on the estuary of the River Orwell, about 60
miles (97 km) north east of London. The town has been
continuously occupied since the Saxon period, and its port has been
one of England's most important for the whole of its history.
Ipswich is a non-metropolitan district. The urban development of
Ipswich overspills the borough boundaries significantly, with 75% of
the town's population living within the borough at the time of the
2011 Census, when it was the fourth-largest urban area in the United
Kingdom's East of
England region, and the 42nd-largest urban area in
England and Wales. In 2011, the town of
Ipswich was found to have a
population of 133,384, while the
Ipswich built-up area is estimated
to have a population of approximately 180,000 in 2011. In 2014, the
population of the town of
Ipswich was estimated as 135,000.
The modern name is derived from the medieval name Gippeswic, probably
taken either from an Old Saxon personal name or from an earlier name
of the Orwell estuary (although unrelated to the name of the River
Gipping). It has also been known as Gyppewicus and Yppswyche.
1.1 Roman settlement
1.2 Middle Ages
1.3 Early-modern era
1.4 19th and 20th centuries
1.5 21st century
9.2 Further and higher education
11 2006 serial murders
12 Notable residents
13 Twin towns
14 See also
16 External links
Ipswich is one of England's oldest towns, if not the oldest. The
claim has also been made of the
Essex town of Colchester, but that
town was abandoned for some time, leaving
Ipswich to claim to be the
oldest continuously inhabited town in England. Under
the Roman empire, the area around
Ipswich formed an important route
inland to rural towns and settlements via the rivers Orwell and
Gipping. A large Roman fort, part of the coastal
defences of Britain, stood at Walton near
Felixstowe (13 miles,
21 km), and the largest
Roman villa in
Suffolk (possibly an
administrative complex) stood at Castle Hill (north-west Ipswich).
The modern town took shape in Anglo-Saxon times (7th–8th centuries)
Ipswich dock. As the coastal states of north-western Europe
emerged from the collapse of the Roman Empire, essential North Sea
trade and communication between eastern Britain and the continent
(especially to Scandinavia, and through the Rhine) passed through the
former Roman ports of
London (serving the kingdoms of Mercia, the East
Saxons, Kent) and
York (Eoforwic) (serving the Kingdom of
Gipeswic (also Gippelwich)) arose as the equivalent to these,
serving the Kingdom of East Anglia, its early imported wares
dating to the time of King Rædwald, supreme ruler of the English
(616–624). The famous ship-burial and treasure at
Sutton Hoo nearby
(9 miles, 14.5 km) is probably his grave. The
houses replicas of the Roman Mildenhall and
Sutton Hoo treasures. A
gallery devoted to the town's origins includes Anglo-Saxon weapons,
jewellery and other artefacts.
Ancient House is decorated with a particularly fine example of
Timber-frame buildings in St Nicholas Street
The seventh-century town was centred near the quay. Towards 700 AD,
Frisian potters from the
Netherlands area settled in
Ipswich and set
up the first large-scale potteries in
England since Roman times. Their
wares were traded far across England, and the industry was unique to
Ipswich for 200 years. With growing prosperity, in about 720
AD a large new part of the town was laid out in the Buttermarket area.
Ipswich was becoming a place of national and international
importance. Parts of the ancient road plan still survive in its
After the invasion of 869
Ipswich fell under
Viking rule. The earth
ramparts circling the town centre were probably raised by Vikings in
Ipswich around 900 to prevent its recapture by the English.
They were unsuccessful. The town operated a mint under royal licence
from King Edgar in the 970s, which continued through the Norman
Conquest until the time of King John, in about 1215. The
abbreviation Gipes appears on the coins.
King John granted the town its first charter in 1200, laying the
medieval foundations of its modern civil government.
Ipswich strongly maintained its jurisdiction over the
so-called Liberty, a region extending over about 35 square kilometres
centred on the town.
In the next four centuries it made the most of its wealth, trading
Suffolk cloth with the Continent. Five large
religious houses, including two
Augustinian Priories (St Peter and St
Paul, and Holy Trinity, both mid-12th century), and those of the
Greyfriars (Franciscans, before 1298),
Ipswich Whitefriars (Carmelites
founded 1278–79) and
Ipswich Blackfriars (Dominicans, before 1263),
stood in medieval Ipswich. The last Carmelite Prior of
Ipswich was the
celebrated John Bale, author of the oldest English historical
verse-drama (Kynge Johan, c.1538). There were also several
hospitals, including the leper hospital of St Mary Magdalene, founded
During the Middle Ages the Marian Shrine of Our Lady of Grace was a
famous pilgrimage destination, and attracted many pilgrims including
Henry VIII and Katherine of Aragon. At the Reformation the
statue was taken away to
London to be burned, though some claim that
it survived and is preserved at Nettuno, Italy.
Geoffrey Chaucer satirised the merchants of
the Canterbury Tales. Thomas Wolsey, the future cardinal, was born in
Ipswich about 1475 as the son of a wealthy landowner. One of Henry
VIII's closest political allies, he founded a college in the town in
1528, which was for its brief duration one of the homes of the Ipswich
School. He remains one of the town's most famed figures.
Neptune Marina Quay, Ipswich
During the 14th to 17th centuries
Ipswich was a kontor for the
Hanseatic League, the port being used for imports and exports to the
In the time of Queen Mary the
Ipswich Martyrs were burnt at the stake
on the Cornhill for their
Protestant beliefs. A monument commemorating
this event now stands in Christchurch Park. From 1611 to 1634 Ipswich
was a major centre for emigration to New England. This was encouraged
Town Lecturer, Samuel Ward. His brother
Nathaniel Ward was
first minister of Ipswich, Massachusetts, where a promontory was named
'Castle Hill' after the place of that name in north-west Ipswich, UK.
Ipswich was also one of the main ports of embarkation for puritans
leaving other East Anglian towns and villages for the Massachusetts
Bay Colony during the 1630s and what has become known as the Great
Thomas Gainsborough lived and worked in Ipswich. In 1835,
Charles Dickens stayed in
Ipswich and used it as a setting for scenes
in his novel The Pickwick Papers. The hotel where he resided first
opened in 1518; it was then known as The Tavern and later became known
as the Great White Horse Hotel. Dickens made the hotel famous in
chapter XXII of The Pickwick Papers, vividly describing the hotel's
meandering corridors and stairs. The building now houses branches of
Starbucks and Cotswold Outdoor.
In 1797 Lord and Lady Nelson moved to Ipswich, and in 1800 Lord Nelson
was appointed High Steward of Ipswich.
19th and 20th centuries
In 1824 Dr George Birkbeck, with support from several local
businessmen, founded one of the first
Mechanics' Institutes which
survives to this day as the independent
Ipswich Institute reading room
and library. The building, at 15 Tavern Street, has been the site of
the library since 1836.
In the mid-19th century coprolite (fossilised animal dung) was
discovered; the material was mined and then dissolved in acid, the
resulting mixture forming the basis of
Fisons fertiliser business.
The first unit of the Queensland Volunteer Rifle Brigade was formed in
March 1860 by one of Ipswich's pioneers, Edred Heady Blunt. An
Imperial commissioned soldier by the name of Donald Bethune,
instructed the volunteers who were the country's sole defence force at
Tolly Cobbold brewery, built in the 18th century and rebuilt in
1894–96, is one of the finest Victorian breweries in the UK. There
was a Cobbold brewery in the town from 1746 until 2002 when Ridley's
Tolly Cobbold over. Felix Thornley Cobbold
Christchurch Mansion to the town in 1896. Smaller breweries
include St Jude's Brewery, situated in an 18th-century coach-house
near the town centre.
Ipswich was subject to bombing by German Zeppelins during World War I
but the greatest damage by far occurred during the German bombing
raids of World War II. The area in and around the docks were
especially devastated. Eighty civilians died by enemy action in the
Ipswich county borough area during the latter war. The last bombs
to fall on
Ipswich landed on Seymour Road at 2 a.m. on 2 March
1945, killing 9 people and destroying 6 houses.
Former stables, reflected in the glass panels of the Willis
The Willis Building is a glass-clad building owned by Willis. Designed
by Norman Foster, the building dates from 1974, when it was known as
the Willis Faber & Dumas building. It became the youngest grade I
listed building in Britain in 1991, being at the time one of only two
listed buildings to be less than 30 years old.
In September 1993
Ipswich and Arras, Nord Pas-de-Calais, France,
became twin towns, and a square in the new Buttermarket development
Arras Square to mark the relationship.
Ipswich has undergone extensive rebuilding and a gentrification,
principally around the waterfront. Though this has turned a former
industrial dock area into an emerging residential and commercial
centre, its completion was at the expense of much of the town's
industrial and maritime heritage and in spite of efforts made by a
local civic group, The
Ipswich Society. Much of this development is
residential, marketed to affluent DINKs. As such, some[who?] have
considered it incompatible with Ipswich's existing socio-economic mix.
Ipswich market day
On 13 March 2007
Ipswich was awarded the cleanest town award.
Ipswich remains a 'town' despite a few attempts at winning 'city'
status. It does not have a cathedral, so the Bishop of St
Ipswich is based at Bury St Edmunds, the former county
town of West Suffolk. It does, however, now have a university, The
University of Suffolk.
Aerial view of
Ipswich in 2008
Ipswich docks area ("the waterfront") is now devoted primarily to
leisure use and includes extensive recent development of residential
apartment blocks and a university campus. Businesses operated from the
dock include luxury boats and a timber merchant. Other industries have
been established to the south of the wet dock.
Ipswich Village Development, begun in 2002 around Russell Road, is
County Council and
Holywells is the area around Holywells Park, a 67-acre (27 ha)
public park situated near the docks, and the subject of a painting by
Thomas Gainsborough. Alexandra Park is the nearest park to the
waterfont's northern quay, and situated on Back Hamlet, adjacent to
University of Suffolk.
Chantry is a housing estate and park to the town's south-west.
Districts outside the town centre include Bixley Farm, Broke Hall,
California, Castle Hill, The Dales, Gainsborough, Greenwich, Kesgrave
(which is actually a separate town situated in
District), Maidenhall, Pinewood, Priory Heath, Racecourse, Ravenswood
(built on a former airfield), Rose Hill, Rushmere, Springvale, St
Margarets, Stoke, Warren Heath, Westbourne, Whitehouse and Whitton.
To the east of the town is Trinity Park near
Bucklesham the home of
Suffolk Show, a typical county show. The 'Trinity' is the
name given to the three animals native to the county of Suffolk,
Red Poll cattle, the powerful
Suffolk Punch horse and the
Ed Sheeran playing at
Ipswich Arts Festival 2010
Ipswich is home to many artists and has a number of galleries, the
most prominent of which are at Christchurch Mansion, the
Town Hall, in
Ancient House and the Artists' Gallery in Electric House. The visual
arts are further supported with many sculptures at easily accessible
Borough Council promotes the creation of new public works
of art and has been known to make this a condition of planning
permission. The town has three museums:
Ipswich Museum, the
Ipswich Transport Museum
Ipswich Transport Museum and Christchurch Mansion.
New Wolsey Theatre
New Wolsey Theatre is a 400-seat theatre situated on Civic Drive.
Although the Wolsey Theatre was built in 1979, The New Wolsey Company
took on the management and running of the Wolsey Theatre in 2000,
opening its first production in February 2001.
DanceEast, which has the primary aim of advocating innovation and
development of dance in the East of
England is now resident in their
new premises as part of the waterfront development. They are
building new premises as part of the waterfront development. These are
the first custom built dance facilities in the east of
England at a
cost of around £8 million.
Eastern Angles Theatre Company is based at the Sir
John Mills Theatre
in Ipswich, named after the famous actor who lived in
Felixstowe as a
child. In 2012 it celebrated its 30th anniversary. The group engages
in rural tours and seasonal performances.
Ipswich Arts Festival, known as 'Ip-art' has been the town's
annual summer arts festival since 2003 and seen a developing and
varied programme of events from visual arts, performing arts,
literature, film and music, notably a free music day in Christchurch
Ipswich Jazz Festival is a jazz music and arts festival started in
2015 in partnership with the
Ipswich Arts Festival and mixes
established jazz talent, rising stars and regional players. It
also features art and photography exhibitions, film screenings and
workshops held in venues across the town.
Key Arts is an artist-run space using the redundant St Mary at the
Quay Church on the waterfront. They hold a comprehensive programme of
events and residencies during the year and have been running since
Norwich remains the regional centre for TV broadcasting, but both BBC
Anglia TV have presenters and offices in Ipswich. The town
has five local radio stations, BBC Radio
Suffolk covering the entire
county, where the
East Anglian Accent
East Anglian Accent can be heard on its many
phone-ins, the commercial station Heart
East Anglia which was founded
in 1975 as Radio Orwell covering the A14 corridor in Suffolk, and Town
102 which was founded in 2006 and is the first full-time commercial
station specific for Ipswich. The younger audience is catered for with
Suffolk-based Kiss 105-108.
Ipswich Community Radio was launched in
The town's daily newspaper is the
Ipswich Star a sister title to the
county's daily newspaper the East Anglian Daily Times.
Main page: Category: Buildings and structures in Ipswich
Main article: List of tallest buildings and structures in Ipswich
Willis Faber and Dumas Headquarters in Ipswich, was one of Norman
Foster's earliest commissions.
Endeavour House home of
Suffolk County Council
In addition to the
Christchurch Mansion and Ancient House,
the 21st century has some important cultural buildings including the
New Wolsey Theatre
New Wolsey Theatre and the Regent Theatre—the largest theatre venue
East Anglia where, in the 1960s, the Beatles performed when it was
still known as the Gaumont.
There are several medieval
Ipswich churches but the grandest is St
Mary le Tower, rebuilt by the Victorians. Holy Trinity Church by
Ipswich Waterfront is one of the few churches in the country which was
built during the reign of William IV and whilst the outside looks
plain, the interior is quite spectacular. The world's oldest circle of
church bells is housed in St Lawrence Church.
The former East
Suffolk County Hall is in the centre of Ipswich. It is
listed as a building at risk by the Victorian Society. The Town
Hall remains in use as an arts centre and events venue; it dates from
1866 (architects: Bellamy & Hardy of Lincoln).
Modern buildings include
Endeavour House (headquarters of Suffolk
County Council and formerly home of the TXU Corporation, Grafton House
Borough Council) and
Ipswich Crown Court, all located
on Russell Road in the area known as the
Ipswich Village Development,
Portman Road stadium. The stadium has hosted England
under-21, under-23, and international soccer matches, as well as rugby
union and hockey matches.
In the Waterfront area The Mill is the tallest building in East
Anglia, reaching 23 storeys.
On the north-west side of
Ipswich lies Broomhill Pool, a Grade II
listed Olympic-sized lido which opened in 1938 and closed in 2002,
since which time a campaign to see it restored and re-opened has been
run by the Broomhill Pool Trust. On the southern side of
historic Belstead Lodge, now the Belstead Brook Hotel.
Borough Council offices at Grafton House, on Russell Road
Ipswich local elections
Ipswich is governed locally by a two-tier council system. Ipswich
Borough Council fulfils district council functions such as refuse
collection, housing and planning and
County Council provides
the county council services such as transport, education and social
The town is covered by two parliamentary constituencies: Ipswich,
which covers about 75% and, as of June 2017[update], is
represented by Labour MP Sandy Martin, and Central
Suffolk & North
Ipswich, which covers the remaining 25% and is represented by
Conservative MP Dan Poulter.
In April 2006 the borough council initiated public discussions about
the idea of turning the borough into a unitary authority; Ipswich
had constituted a county borough from 1889 to 1974, independent of the
administrative county of East Suffolk, and this status was not
restored by the Banham/Cooksey Commission in the 1990s. Ipswich,
Oxford united to campaign for unitary authority
status for the four towns, hoping to use the window of opportunity
presented by the October 2006 Local Government White Paper. In March
2007, it was announced that
Ipswich was one of 16 shortlisted
councils and on 25 July 2007, the secretary of state announced
that she was minded to implement the unitary proposal for Ipswich, but
that there were 'a number of risks relating to the financial case set
out in the proposal', on which she invited
Ipswich to undertake
further work before a final decision was taken. Early in December
plans were thrown into doubt as the government announced that it had
'delayed' the unitary bids for
Ipswich and Exeter. In July 2008
the Boundary Committee announced its preferred option was for a
unitary authority covering
Ipswich and the south eastern corner of
Suffolk, including Felixstowe.
Four Fairline Yachts outside Fairline's
Ipswich testing facility
Being the county town of agricultural Suffolk, industry around Ipswich
has had a strong farming bias with Ransomes, Sims & Jefferies Ltd,
one of the most famous agricultural manufacturers, located in the
town. It is notable that the world's first commercial motorised
lawnmower was built by Ransomes in 1902. Ransomes & Rapier was a
major British manufacturer of railway equipment and later cranes, from
1869 to 1987. There was a sugar beet factory at
Ipswich for many
years; it was closed in 2001 as part of a rationalisation by British
Sugar. This agricultural link is preserved in the local football
club's nickname "The Tractor Boys".
British Telecom Research Laboratories were located to the east of
the town in 1975 at Martlesham Heath; it is now a science park called
Adastral Park. The area was originally RAF Martlesham Heath, a World
War II airfield. Part of the old airfield is now the site of Suffolk
Constabulary's police headquarters.
A key employment sector is insurance, both wholesale and retail
sectors. Some of the major players with a key presence in Ipswich
include Axa, Churchill, Legal & General, LV and Willis. Access to
a skilled and experienced workforce has also led to the establishment
of ancillary businesses serving these companies, including call
centres dealing with sales and claims.
Ipswich is one of the
Haven ports and is still a working port,
handling several million tonnes of cargo each year. Prior to
decommissioning, HMS Grafton was a regular visitor to the port and has
special links with the town and the county of Suffolk. HMS Orwell,
named after the river, is also closely linked with Ipswich.
Main article: Transport in Ipswich
Ipswich is located close to the A14 and the A12 roads; it is also on
the Great Eastern main line from
London to Norwich, the East Suffolk
Lowestoft and the
Felixstowe branch line. There are two
Ipswich and Derby Road. It is an hour from Stansted
airport, 40 minutes from Harwich international port and is also on
National Cycle Route 1
National Cycle Route 1 and National Cycle Route 51. The
Felixstowe is a major container port 12 miles (19 km) to
The town's railway engine shed opened in 1846 and closed in 1968.
Ipswich is still a signing-on point for loco crews and a stabling
Bus services in
Ipswich are operated by
Ipswich Buses, First Norfolk
Suffolk and several smaller companies.
Town services mainly
operate from Tower Ramparts bus station and regional services from the
Ipswich Old Cattle Market bus station
Ipswich formerly had a municipal airport to the south-east of the
town, which was opened in 1929 by the
Ipswich Corporation. The airport
was controversially closed in 1996 by
Council. The site was redeveloped for housing as the
Portman Road, home ground of
Ipswich's sole professional association football club is
which was established in 1878 and, as of 2015[update], plays in the
Football League Championship
Football League Championship at the 30,300-capacity
Portman Road stadium. Elected to the
Football League in 1938,
they have a strong rivalry with
Norwich City, and have been the
previous clubs of the two most successful
England managers, Alf
Ramsey, who was buried in the Old Cemetery in the town on his death in
1999, and Bobby Robson.
Ipswich won the League Championship in
1961–62 in their first season as a top division club during Ramsey's
reign, as well as the 1978 FA Cup and the 1981 UEFA Cup under Robson.
The club are also undefeated at home in all European competitions
having drawn six and won the other 25.
Ipswich is also home to several non-league football clubs, including
Ipswich Wanderers and Whitton United in the Eastern Counties League,
and Achilles, Crane Sports, and Ransomes Sports among others in the
Ipswich League.The town has representation in both codes
of rugby. There are two rugby union teams -
Ipswich RFC, who play in
London 2 North East League, and
Ipswich YM RUFC - and one rugby league
Ipswich Rhinos, who play in the Rugby League Conference.
Ipswich Cardinals are an
American football team, playing in the
South-East Conference of BAFACL 1 — the second tier of the BAFA
The speedway team, the
Ipswich Witches, have ridden at Foxhall Stadium
on the outskirts of
Ipswich since 1951 and have won the top-tier
league title four times, the knock-out cup five times and the
second-tier knock-out cup twice. The stadium is also used
regularly for hot-rod and stock car racing.
Ipswich Gymnastics Centre is one of only three fully Olympic
accredited gymnastics facilities in the UK. Ipswich
Swimming, formed in 1884 as
Ipswich Swimming Club, is based at the
town's Crown Pools, and also uses the Fore Street swimming pool. The
most successful club member is World Championship gold medallist Karen
Ipswich had a racecourse which ran a mix of flat and National Hunt
races from 1710 to 1911.
Main article: List of schools in Suffolk
State-funded secondary schools include comprehensive schools such as
Copleston and Northgate High Schools and academies such as Ipswich
Academy and Chantry Academy.
Ipswich is also home to several
independent schools, including Royal Hospital School,
(both are co-educational and members of the Headmasters' and
Ipswich High School (has recently changed
from girls only to girls and boys) and St Joseph's
Further and higher education
College is a further education college located in Ipswich,
serving students from the town and wider area. There is also a sixth
form college, One, which serves students from the same area.
Ipswich is the location of the University of Suffolk, Suffolk's first
Higher Education Institution (HEI), established in 2007. It was
originally a collaborative venture involving the University of Essex
in Colchester, the University of
East Anglia in Norwich, various
further-education colleges and
Suffolk County Council. However, the
university was granted its own Degree Awarding Powers in November
2015, and in May 2016 it was awarded university status. The university
was renamed to the University of
Suffolk in August 2016, prior to its
former name University Campus Suffolk.
Ipswich experiences an oceanic climate, like the rest of the British
Isles, with a narrow range of temperature and rainfall spread evenly
throughout the year. One of the two nearest for which data is
available is East Bergholt, about 7 miles (11 km) south west of
the town centre and at a similar elevation, and similar river
valley/estuary situation. The average July maximum of 23.2 °C
(73.8 °F) is the third-highest for a major settlement in the
London and Colchester, illustrating the relative
warmth of the area during the summer part of the year. The record
maximum is 35.2 °C (95.4 °F), set during August 2003.
Typically, 24.9 days of the year will record a maximum temperature of
25.1 °C (77.2 °F) or above, and the warmest day of the
year should reach 30.0 °C (86.0 °F), on average.
The absolute minimum is −16.1 °C (3.0 °F), set in
January 1963, although frosts have been recorded in all months except
July, August and September. In an average year, 55.33 nights will
report an air frost. The lowest temperature to be recorded in recent
years was −14.5 °C (5.9 °F) during December 2010.
As with much of East Anglia, rainfall is low, averaging 569.3mm in
a typical year, with 103.8 days of the year reporting over 1mm of
rain. All averages refer to the period 1971–2000.
The weather station at
Levington is even closer than East Bergholt at
9.4 kilometres (5.8 mi) from the town centre further down the
river estuary on the way to Felixstowe. It has a slightly more marine
climate than East Bergholt, with slightly lower highs and milder lows
throughout the year in the 1981–2010 average period. It is slightly
less prone to frosts, averaging 35.5 such occurrences in a calendar
year. Sunshine levels at 1,707.7 hours per annum are relatively
high for the British Isles, but not abnormal for southern parts of
Climate data for East Bergholt, elevation 7 m, 1971–2000, extremes
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Climate data for Levington, elevation 22 m, 9.4 kilometres
(5.8 mi) from Ipswich, 1981–2010 averages
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Source: Met Office
2006 serial murders
Ipswich serial murders
A serial killer, or spree killer, responsible for the murders of five
women in Ipswich, gained notoriety in late 2006, as the Ipswich
Murderer. The five women were identified as prostitutes; their bodies
were found in December 2006.
Suffolk Constabulary formally linked
the murders in their investigation.
Steven Gerald James Wright, who had previously worked at the Port of
Felixstowe, was arrested at his house in
Ipswich on 19 December.
On 21 December, Wright was formally charged with the murders of Gemma
Adams, 25; Anneli Alderton, 24, Tania Nicol, 19; Paula Clennell, 24
and Annette Nicholls, 29. He appeared in
Ipswich Magistrates' Court on
22 December 2006 and was remanded in custody until 2 January 2007 to
Ipswich Crown Court
Ipswich Crown Court where he was remanded in custody for a
second court appearance, held on 1 May 2007. At that hearing he
pleaded not guilty to all five murders. His trial began in
14 January 2008. The jury returned a guilty verdict on 21
February, and the next day, Wright was sentenced to life
imprisonment by Mr Justice Gross, who recommended that he should never
be released from prison, on the basis that the murders resulted from a
"substantial degree of premeditation and planning".
A three-episode dramatised television series, Five Daughters, based on
the serial murders of the five women, was screened on BBC1. Alecky
Blythe wrote the musical
London Road, based on interviews with
residents of the
Ipswich street where murderer Steve Wright lived, and
where he was thought to have murdered several of the victims. It has
been performed several times at The National Theatre.
This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help
improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (June 2015) (Learn
how and when to remove this template message)
Main category: People from Ipswich
Statue of Sir
Alf Ramsey at
Town Football Club
Probably the most famous person born in the town is the Tudor Cardinal
Thomas Wolsey. The artist
Thomas Gainsborough and the cartoonist
"Giles" worked here, Horatio, Lord Nelson, became Steward of Ipswich,
Margaret Catchpole began her adventurous career here. Alf Ramsey
Bobby Robson were both successful managers of
Ipswich was the birthplace in 1741 of Sarah Trimmer, née Kirby,
writer and critic of children's literature and among the first to
introduce pictorial material and animals and the natural world into
it. Actor and director Richard Ayoade, best known for his role as
Maurice Moss in The IT Crowd, was brought up in Ipswich, as was
the ceramic artist Blanche Georgiana Vulliamy. Hugh Catchpole
(OBE, CBE, Hilal-i-Imtiaz), a noted educationist which over 60 years
of association with military schools and colleges in India and
Pakistan, was born in Ipswich.
Ipswich is twinned with Arras, France.
List of tallest buildings and structures in Ipswich
^ a b Wilson, John Marius (1870–72). "Descriptive Gazetteer Entry
for IPSWICH". Imperial Gazetteer of
England and Wales. Retrieved 27
^ a b "2011 Census - Built-up areas". ONS. Retrieved 7 August
^ ONS (2 July 2010). "Release Edition Reference Tables".
Ipswich · Population". population.city. Retrieved
^ English, University of Nottingham - Institute of Name Studies School
of. "Key to English Place-names". kepn.nottingham.ac.uk.
^ "History of Medieval Ipswich". Retrieved 13 June 2007.
^ "Anglo-Saxon Britain: England's Oldest Town". 1990 [adapted].
^ Fairclough J. and Plunkett S. J. 'Drawings of Walton Castle and
other Monuments in Walton and Felixstowe', Proceedings of the Suffolk
Institute of Archaeology and History 39 Part 4, 419–459. See also
Fairclough J. Boudica to Raedwald: East Anglia's Relations with Rome
Ipswich 2010), 174–77.
^ The so-called 'Whitton' villa, see Fairclough J. Boudica to Raedwald
(cited above), 134–145.
^ Bowen, Emanuel "An Accurate Map of the County of
into its Hundreds c. 1760"
^ Wade K. "Gipeswic – East Anglia's first economic capital,
600–1066", in Salmon N. and Malster R. (eds),
Ipswich From The First
To The Third Millennium (Ipswich, 2001), 1–6; Hodges, R. Dark Age
Economics: The Origins of
Town and Trade AD 600–1000 (
Suffolk in Anglo-Saxon Times (Tempus, Stroud 2005),
76–78, 129–133, 148–52, 156–58, 200–202; Gardner, Rhodri
"Ipswich, Cranfield's Mill", in "Archaeology in
Proceedings of the
Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History 41
Part 2, 2006, p.251; Verhulst A. E. The Rise of Cities in
Cambridge University Press 1999), pp. 27–30;
Malster R. A History of
Ipswich (Phillimore, Chichester 2000), pp.
^ K. Wade, "Gipeswic – East Anglia's First Economic Capital
600–1066," in Salmon N. P. and Malster R. (Eds),
Ipswich From the
First to the Third Millennium (Papers from an
Ipswich 2001), 1–6, at pp. 3–4.
^ Plunkett S. J.
Suffolk in Anglo-Saxon Times (Tempus, Stroud 2005),
^ Wade 2001.
^ Wade 2001, 5.
^ Malster R. A History of
Ipswich (Phillimore, Chichester 2000), 13.
^ North J. J. English Hammered Coinage (Spink and Son,
Volume I: Early Anglo-Saxon to Henry III, "Mint Towns" (p 194),
Ipswich, Suffolk: Edgar to John. Example figure:
Aethelred II first
hand type, Plate X no. 23, Cat. 766 & p. 120.
^ Martin, Geoffrey "The Medieval and Early Modern Borough" in Salmon
N. P. and Malster R. (eds),
Ipswich From the First to the Third
Millennium (Papers from an
Ipswich Society Symposium), (Ipswich
Ipswich 2001), 7–17.
^ Text of charter (translated into English) and image of 1200 Town
Seal, see Wodderspoon, J., Memorials of the Ancient
Town of Ipswich
(Pawsey (Ipswich): Longman, Brown, Green & Longmans (London)
1850), 'Ancient Incorporation of the Town', pp 75–130, at pp
^ Briggs, Keith "The bounds of the Liberty of Ipswich", Proceedings of
Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History 44, 19-38 (2017)
^ Malster 2000, 41–45.
^ B. Zimmerman, 1899, 'The White Friars at Ipswich', Proc. Suffolk
Institute of Archaeology 10 Part 2, 196–204, at p. 199.
^ Wodderspoon 1850, 331–332.
^ Malster 2000, 43–47, 63–67.
^ Malster 2000, 67.
^ Blatchly J. M. A Famous Antient Seed-Plot of Learning (Ipswich
School 2003), 27–41.
^ Thompson, Roger, Mobility & Migration, East Anglian Founders of
New England, 1629–1640, Amherst: Univ. of Massachusetts Press, 1994
Fisons at the root of modern agriculture". Archived from the
original on 20 May 2006. Retrieved 17 June 2007.
^ "OBITUARY". Queensland Times. LVII, (9721). Queensland, Australia. 6
December 1916. p. 7 (DAILY.). Retrieved 31 July 2017 – via
National Library of Australia.
Ipswich history records many firsts for Queensland and
Ipswich in the eighteen fifties" (PDF). Archived from the original
(PDF) on 2017-08-01.
Tolly Cobbold Heritage". Archived from the original on 24 April
2006. Retrieved 18 June 2006.
^ "CWGC Cemetery Report,
Borough civilian war
^ "Ransomes & Rapier WW1 & WW2 Memorials, Bourne Park
Ipswich War Memorial. 2 February 2016. Retrieved 12 December
^ "Borin Van Loon:
Ipswich Historic Lettering". Archived from the
original on 26 October 2009. Retrieved 15 June 2007.
^ "Pioneering Management Guidelines for Modern Listed Buildings".
Context. September 1995.
Ipswich – Arras".
Borough Council. Archived from the
original on 30 March 2008. Retrieved 6 May 2008.
Ipswich wins Clean Britain Award 2007". Evening Star. 13 March
Ipswich town competes for city status". BBC. 7 August 1999.
Retrieved 5 January 2010.
^ Anonymous (2016-07-05). "Our History". University of Suffolk.
^ "Grant of Planning Permission" (PDF). Retrieved 6 April 2007.
^ "DanceEast". Archived from the original on 27 February 2007.
Retrieved 6 April 2007.
Ipswich Entertains - Open Air Music, Film and Theatre!". Ipswich
^ Publishing, JJ. "Review:
Ipswich Jazz Festival".
^ "The churches of Ipswich". Retrieved 15 June 2007.
^ Worthington, Mark (10 September 2009). "Oldest ring of bells played
again". BBC News. Retrieved 10 September 2009.
^ "Ipswich's former County Hall". Victorian Society.
^ Richard Atkins; David Ellesmere; Elizabeth Harsant (1 April 2006).
"The case for a unitary Ipswich" (PDF).
Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 October 2008. Retrieved 24
Town council unitary bid success". BBC News. 27 March 2007.
Retrieved 4 June 2007.
^ "Decision letters for the unitary proposals". Department for
Communities and Local Government. 25 July 2007. Archived from the
original on 5 September 2007. Retrieved 27 March 2008.
Borough is awarded unitary status". BBC News. 25 July 2007.
Retrieved 5 January 2010.
^ "Unitary bid put on hold". Evening Star 24. 5 December 2007.
Retrieved 29 December 2007.
^ Draft proposals for unitary local government in
Norfolk and Suffolk
Boundary Committee Archived 2 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
Ipswich Airport History". Retrieved 3 September 2011.
^ "Club History".
Town F.C. Archived from the original on 27
December 2005. Retrieved 25 November 2008.
^ "History of the Stadium".
Town F.C. Archived from the
original on 8 September 2005. Retrieved 16 March 2007.
^ "Club honours".
Town F.C. Archived from the original on 13
December 2005. Retrieved 25 November 2008.
^ "Club Info".
Ipswich Speedway. Retrieved 21 August 2010.
^ "Club Honours".
Ipswich Speedway. Retrieved 21 August 2010.
Ipswich bids for Olympic glory". The Evening Star. 9 November
London Organising Committee for the Olympic Games
London Organising Committee for the Olympic Games (3 March 2008).
"East – Pre-games Training Camp Guide" (PDF). Archived from the
original (PDF) on 22 November 2008.
Ipswich Swimming". team
^ "Campus renamed as independent university". 17 May 2016 – via
^ Anonymous (4 July 2016). "University Campus
Suffolk gains approval
to become the University of Suffolk".
^ "1971–00 July average maximum". Retrieved 26 February 2011.
^ "2003 Record maximum". Retrieved 26 February 2011.
^ "1971–00 Average warmest day". Retrieved 26 February 2011.
^ "1963 Minimum". Retrieved 26 February 2011.
^ "2010 Minimum". Retrieved 25 February 2013.
^ "1971–00 average annual rainfall". Retrieved 26 February
^ "1971–00 annual average raindays". Retrieved 26 February
Ipswich Climate Averages 1981-2010". Met Office. Retrieved 8 May
^ "Climate Normals 1971–2000". KNMI. August 2011. Retrieved 26
Ipswich Climate Normals 1981–2010". Met Office. May 2015.
Retrieved 8 May 2015.
^ "Third prostitute 'was strangled'". BBC News. BBC. 12 December 2006.
Retrieved 12 December 2006.
^ "Second man held in murders probe". BBC News. 19 December 2006.
Retrieved 5 January 2010.
^ "Man remanded over
Suffolk murders". BBC News. 2 January 2007.
Retrieved 5 January 2010.
^ "Driver denies five murders". London: Times Online. 2 May
^ "Wright guilty of
Suffolk murders". BBC News. 21 February 2008.
Retrieved 5 January 2010.
Suffolk killer will die in prison". BBC News. 22 February 2008.
Retrieved 5 January 2010.
^ Barbara Brandon Schnorrenberg, "Trimmer , Sarah (1741–1810)", In:
Oxford University Press, 2004 Retrieved 8 September 2014,
^ Barkham, Patrick (1 October 2008). "What's behind Richard Ayoade's
loser act?". the Guardian.
^ VULLIAMY, Blanche Georgina (sic) at suffolkpainters.co.uk, accessed
28 January 2018
^ "Hugh Catchpole: An institution unto himself". DAWN.COM. 2008-09-20.
^ "Hugh Catchpole: Founder Principal". www.cch.edu.pk. Retrieved
^ "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media
Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 11 July
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ipswich.
Ipswich (England) travel guide from Wikivoyage
Medieval town plan of
"East Anglian Film Archive: "Ipswich" search results - eafa.org.uk".
Retrieved 2 May 2012.
Ceremonial county of Suffolk
Boroughs or districts
Bury St Edmunds
See also: List of civil parishes in Suffolk
Places of interest
Population of major settlements
Grade I listed buildings
Grade II* listed buildings
Members of the
Hanseatic League by Quarter
Chief cities shown in smallcaps.
Free Imperial Cities of the
Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire shown in italics.
Frankfurt an der Oder
Dortmund were both capital of the Westphalian Quarter at
Antwerp gained importance once
Bruges became inaccessible due to the
silting of the
Districts of the East of England
King's Lynn and West Norfolk
Associated British Ports
Port of Grimsby
Hams Hall Distribution Park
Port of Hull
Port of Immingham
Tilbury Container Services
Port of Southampton
Coordinates: 52°03′34″N 1°09′20″E / 52.05944°N
1.15556°E / 52.05944; 1.15556