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Ilocos Norte
Ilocos Norte
(Ilokano: Makin-amianan nga Ilocos) is a province of the Philippines
Philippines
located in the Ilocos Region. Its capital is Laoag
Laoag
City and is located at the northwest corner of Luzón Island, bordering Cagayan
Cagayan
and Apayao
Apayao
to the east, and Abra to the southeast, and Ilocos Sur to the southwest. Ilocos Norte
Ilocos Norte
faces the West Philippine Sea to the west and the Luzon
Luzon
Strait to the north. Ilocos Norte
Ilocos Norte
is noted for being the birthplace of former President Ferdinand E. Marcos. Ilocos Norte
Ilocos Norte
is also known as a northern tourist destination, being the location of Fort Ilocandia, an upper class hotel and beach resort famous among expatriates, and Pagudpud.[citation needed]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Administrative divisions

2.1.1 Barangays

3 Demographics

3.1 Religion 3.2 Languages

4 Economy 5 Provincial government 6 References 7 External links

History[edit]

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Long before the arrival of the Spaniards, there already existed an extensive region (consisting of the present provinces of Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Abra and La Union) renowned for its gold mines. Merchants from Japan and China would often visit the area to trade gold with beads, ceramics and silk. The inhabitants of the region, believed to be of Malay origin, called their place samtoy, from sao mi toy, which literally meant "our language here" In 1571, when the Spanish conquistadors had Manila
Manila
more or less under their control, they began looking for new sites to conquer. Miguel Lopez de Legazpi's grandson, Juan de Salcedo, volunteered to lead one of these expeditions. Together with 8 armed boats and 45 men, the 22-year-old voyager headed north. On June 13, 1572, Salcedo and his men landed in present-day Vigan
Vigan
and then proceeded towards Laoag, Currimao
Currimao
and Badoc. As they sailed along the coast, they were surprised to see numerous sheltered coves (looc) where the locals lived in harmony. As a result, they named the region Ylocos and its people Ylocanos. As the Christianization of the region grew, so did the landscape of the area. Vast tracts of land were utilized for churches and bell towers in line with the Spanish mission of bajo las campanas. In the town plaza, it was not uncommon to see garrisons under the church bells. The colonization process was slowly being carried out. The Spanish colonization of the region, however, was never completely successful. Owing to the abusive practices of many Augustinian
Augustinian
friars, a number of Ilocanos revolted. Noteworthy of these were the Dingras uprising (1589) and Pedro Almasan revolt (San Nicolas, 1660). In 1762, Diego Silang
Diego Silang
led a series of battles aimed at freeing the Ilocano. When he died from his compatriot's bullet, his widow Gabriela continued his cause. However, she too was captured and hanged. In 1807, the sugar cane (basi) brewers of Piddig
Piddig
rose up in arms to protest the government's monopoly of the wine industry. In 1898, the church excommunicated Gregorio Aglipay
Gregorio Aglipay
for refusing to cut off ties with the revolutionary forces of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo. Unperturbed, he established the Iglesia Filipina Independiente. Aglipay’s movement. In an effort to gain more political control and because of the increasing population of the region, a Royal Decree was signed on February 2, 1818 splitting Ilocos into two provinces: Ilocos Norte
Ilocos Norte
and Ilocos Sur. Soon thereafter, La Union
La Union
and Abra likewise became independent provinces. Geography[edit]

Administrative divisions of Ilocos Norte

Ilocos Norte
Ilocos Norte
covers a total area of 3,467.89 square kilometres (1,338.96 sq mi)[3] occupying the northern tip of the Ilocos Region in Luzon. The province is bordered by Cagayan
Cagayan
to the extreme northeast, Apayao
Apayao
to the east, and Abra to the southeast, Ilocos Sur to the southwest, the South China Sea
South China Sea
to the west, and the Luzon Strait to the north. Administrative divisions[edit] Ilocos Norte
Ilocos Norte
comprises 21 municipalities and 2 component cities, further subdivided into 557 barangays. There are two legislative districts in the province.

 †  Provincial capital and component city  ∗  Component city      Municipality

City or municipality District[3] Population ±% p.a. Area[3] Density Brgy. Coordinates[A]

(2015)[2] (2010)[4]

km2 sq mi /km2 /sq mi

Adams 1st 6999300000000000000♠0.3% 1,792 1,785 0.07% 159.31 61.51 11 28 1 18°27′41″N 120°54′13″E / 18.4613°N 120.9035°E / 18.4613; 120.9035 (Adams)

Bacarra 1st 7000540000000000000♠5.4% 32,215 31,648 0.34% 65.32 25.22 490 1,300 43 18°15′10″N 120°36′42″E / 18.2528°N 120.6118°E / 18.2528; 120.6118 (Bacarra)

Badoc 2nd 7000530000000000000♠5.3% 31,616 30,708 0.56% 76.68 29.61 410 1,100 31 17°55′36″N 120°28′26″E / 17.9267°N 120.4740°E / 17.9267; 120.4740 (Badoc)

Bangui 1st 7000250000000000000♠2.5% 14,672 15,025 −0.45% 112.98 43.62 130 340 14 18°32′12″N 120°45′57″E / 18.5367°N 120.7657°E / 18.5367; 120.7657 (Bangui)

Banna 2nd 7000330000000000000♠3.3% 19,438 19,051 0.38% 92.73 35.80 210 540 20 17°58′48″N 120°39′18″E / 17.9799°N 120.6549°E / 17.9799; 120.6549 (Banna)

Batac ∗ 2nd 7000930000000000000♠9.3% 55,201 53,542 0.58% 161.06 62.19 340 880 43 18°03′24″N 120°33′50″E / 18.0566°N 120.5639°E / 18.0566; 120.5639 (Batac)

Burgos 1st 7000160000000000000♠1.6% 9,777 9,687 0.18% 128.90 49.77 76 200 11 18°30′40″N 120°38′37″E / 18.5110°N 120.6436°E / 18.5110; 120.6436 (Burgos)

Carasi 1st 6999300000000000000♠0.3% 1,567 1,473 1.18% 82.97 32.03 19 49 3 18°08′27″N 120°49′17″E / 18.1407°N 120.8215°E / 18.1407; 120.8215 (Carasi)

Currimao 2nd 7000210000000000000♠2.1% 12,184 11,970 0.34% 34.08 13.16 360 930 23 18°01′10″N 120°29′12″E / 18.0194°N 120.4868°E / 18.0194; 120.4868 (Currimao)

Dingras 2nd 7000650000000000000♠6.5% 38,562 37,021 0.78% 96.00 37.07 400 1,000 31 18°06′09″N 120°42′05″E / 18.1024°N 120.7014°E / 18.1024; 120.7014 (Dingras)

Dumalneg 1st 6999500000000000000♠0.5% 2,947 1,814 9.68% 88.48 34.16 33 85 2 18°31′19″N 120°48′35″E / 18.5220°N 120.8096°E / 18.5220; 120.8096 (Dumalneg)

Laoag † 1st 7001187000000000000♠18.7% 111,125 104,904 1.10% 116.08 44.82 960 2,500 80 18°11′50″N 120°35′37″E / 18.1973°N 120.5935°E / 18.1973; 120.5935 (Laoag)

Marcos 2nd 7000300000000000000♠3.0% 17,777 16,984 0.87% 72.77 28.10 240 620 13 18°02′38″N 120°40′38″E / 18.0439°N 120.6771°E / 18.0439; 120.6771 (Marcos)

Nueva Era 2nd 7000160000000000000♠1.6% 9,506 7,837 3.74% 515.02 198.85 18 47 11 17°54′55″N 120°39′58″E / 17.9153°N 120.6660°E / 17.9153; 120.6660 (Nueva Era)

Pagudpud 1st 7000400000000000000♠4.0% 23,770 21,877 1.59% 194.90 75.25 120 310 16 18°33′36″N 120°47′19″E / 18.5601°N 120.7887°E / 18.5601; 120.7887 (Pagudpud)

Paoay 2nd 7000420000000000000♠4.2% 24,866 23,956 0.71% 76.24 29.44 330 850 31 18°03′42″N 120°31′10″E / 18.0617°N 120.5195°E / 18.0617; 120.5195 (Paoay)

Pasuquin 1st 7000490000000000000♠4.9% 28,980 27,952 0.69% 210.54 81.29 140 360 33 18°20′02″N 120°37′10″E / 18.3339°N 120.6194°E / 18.3339; 120.6194 (Pasuquin)

Piddig 1st 7000360000000000000♠3.6% 21,497 20,606 0.81% 216.20 83.48 99 260 23 18°09′49″N 120°42′59″E / 18.1635°N 120.7165°E / 18.1635; 120.7165 (Piddig)

Pinili 2nd 7000290000000000000♠2.9% 17,300 16,732 0.64% 89.48 34.55 190 490 25 17°57′07″N 120°31′33″E / 17.9519°N 120.5257°E / 17.9519; 120.5257 (Pinili)

San Nicolas 2nd 7000620000000000000♠6.2% 36,736 34,237 1.35% 40.18 15.51 910 2,400 24 18°10′30″N 120°35′39″E / 18.1749°N 120.5943°E / 18.1749; 120.5943 (San Nicolas)

Sarrat 1st 7000430000000000000♠4.3% 25,212 24,770 0.34% 57.39 22.16 440 1,100 24 18°09′24″N 120°38′48″E / 18.1568°N 120.6467°E / 18.1568; 120.6467 (Sarrat)

Solsona 2nd 7000410009999999999♠4.1% 24,121 22,990 0.92% 166.23 64.18 150 390 22 18°05′43″N 120°46′24″E / 18.0953°N 120.7732°E / 18.0953; 120.7732 (Solsona)

Vintar 1st 7000540000000000000♠5.4% 32,220 31,448 0.46% 614.35 237.20 52 130 33 18°13′47″N 120°38′57″E / 18.2298°N 120.6491°E / 18.2298; 120.6491 (Vintar)

Total 593,081 568,017 0.83% 3,467.89 1,338.96 170 440 557 (see GeoGroup box)

^ Coordinates
Coordinates
mark the city/town center, and are sortable by latitude.

Barangays[edit] Ilocos Norte
Ilocos Norte
has 557 barangays comprising its 21 municipalities and 2 cities.[4] The most populous barangay in the province is Barangay
Barangay
No. 1, San Lorenzo (Poblacion) in the City of Laoag
Laoag
with a population of 4,391 in the 2010 census. If cities are excluded, Davila in the municipality of Pasuquin
Pasuquin
has the highest population, at 3,900. The least populous is Sapat in the municipality of Pasuquin, with only 32.[4] Further information: List of barangays in Ilocos Norte Demographics[edit]

Population census of Ilocos Norte

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1903 178,995 —    

1918 219,129 +1.36%

1939 237,586 +0.39%

1948 251,455 +0.63%

1960 287,333 +1.12%

1970 343,427 +1.80%

1975 371,724 +1.60%

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1980 390,666 +1.00%

1990 461,661 +1.68%

1995 482,651 +0.84%

2000 514,241 +1.37%

2007 547,284 +0.86%

2010 568,017 +1.36%

2015 593,081 +0.83%

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[2][4][5]

The population of Ilocos Norte
Ilocos Norte
in the 2015 census was 593,081 people,[2] with a density of 170 inhabitants per square kilometre or 440 inhabitants per square mile. Religion[edit]

Paoay
Paoay
Church

Roman Catholicism and the Aglipayan Church
Aglipayan Church
are the two major religions in the province.[citation needed] Among the major Roman Catholic churches in Ilocos Norte
Ilocos Norte
include:

Paoay Church
Paoay Church
— named a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
in 1993. St. William's Cathedral in Laoag
Laoag
— known for its Sinking Bell Tower Santa Monica Church in Sarrat
Sarrat
— documented to be the biggest church in the Ilocos Region. Bacarra
Bacarra
Church — destroyed during an intensity VII (on the Rossi-Forel scale) earthquake on August 17, 1983,[6] reconstructed and re-inaugurated in 1984.

Ilocos Norte
Ilocos Norte
is the home of the Aglipay Shrine (Aglipayan Church) where the church's first supreme leader was buried. There are also increasing members of Jehovah's Witnesses. There are also minor but steadily increasing members of Iglesia ni Cristo. Islam
Islam
is also practiced by Mindanaoan traders and immigrants. Languages[edit] Aside from the national language and English, there are three indigenous languages in Ilocos Norte. There are the dominant Ilokano language, the Isnag language of the east, and the Faire Atta language in Currimao. The Faire Atta language is listed as one of the 15 endangered languages of the Philippines
Philippines
according to the UNESCO
UNESCO
Atlas of the World's Endangered Languages. The Faire Atta language is listed as Severely Endangered, with less than 300 speakers remaining. All remaining speakers of the language are part of the community's elders. Without a municipality-wide teaching mechanism of the Faire Atta language for the youth, the language may be extinct within 3-5 decades, making it a language in grave peril unless a teaching-mechanism is established by either the government or an educational institution in Currimao
Currimao
and nearby municipalities.[7] Economy[edit] Ilocos Norte
Ilocos Norte
is one of the richest province in the Philippines. Aside from high Human Development Index of 0.784, it has also one of the highest per capita income in the country.[citation needed]

Bagoong
Bagoong
fermenting in burnay jars

Kapurpurawan Rock Formation in Burgos

The province specializes in the following products and industries:

Agriculture
Agriculture
— rice, corn, garlic, legumes, root crops, tobacco, and other fruits and vegetables Fishery
Fishery
— tilapia and assorted fishes Livestock
Livestock
— swine and cattle Cottage industries
Cottage industries
— loom weaving, furniture, ceramics, iron works Manufacturing
Manufacturing
and food processing — salt, empanada, bagoong, patis, basi (native Ilocano wine), vinegar, longganisa, chicharon, bagnet, chichacorn (cornick), jewelry, garments, cereal processing, packaging, mechanized processing equipment Wind Power
Wind Power
— Ilocos Norte's position on the northwest corner of Luzon
Luzon
makes it ideal for wind power generation. There is currently a 25 Megawatt
Megawatt
wind farm in Ilocos Norte, and several more wind energy projects are being planned Tourism Pottery

Provincial government[edit] Term of Office: June 30, 2016 - June 30, 2019

Governor: Imee Marcos Vice - Governor: Eugenio Angelo M. Barba

Representatives:

Rodolfo C. Fariñas (1st District) Imelda Marcos
Imelda Marcos
(2nd District)

Sangguniang Panlalawigan Members: 1st District

Ria Christina G. Fariñas Juan Conrado A. Respicio II Vicentito M. Lazo Donald G. Nicolas Rogelio R. Balbag

2nd District

Matthew Joseph M. Manotoc Mariano V. Marcos II Ramon M. Gaoat Da Vinci M. Crisostomo James Paul C. Nalupta

Ex Officio Members

PCL President: Domingo C. Ambrocio ABC President: Paulino Baltazar

References[edit]

^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 26 September 2013.  ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.  ^ a b c "Province: Ilocos Norte". PSGC Interactive. Quezon
Quezon
City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.  ^ a b c d Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ " Philippines
Philippines
Census Of Population of all LGUs 1903-2007". archive.org. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 7 February 2017.  ^ " Laoag
Laoag
Earthquake - 17 August 1983". Phivolcs. 1983. Retrieved 2011-01-02.  ^ http://www.unesco.org/languages-atlas/index.php

External links[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap · Google Maps

Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

Media related to Ilocos Norte
Ilocos Norte
at Wikimedia Commons Geographic data related to Ilocos Norte
Ilocos Norte
at OpenStreetMap Ilocos Norte
Ilocos Norte
Official Website

Places adjacent to Ilocos Norte

South China Sea Cagayan

South China Sea

Ilocos Norte

Apayao

Ilocos Sur, Abra

v t e

Province of Ilocos Norte

Laoag
Laoag
(capital)

Municipalities

Adams Bacarra Badoc Bangui Banna Burgos Carasi Currimao Dingras Dumalneg Marcos Nueva Era Pagudpud Paoay Pasuquin Piddig Pinili San Nicolas Sarrat Solsona Vintar

Component cities

Batac Laoag

Barangays

See: List of barangays in Ilocos Norte

Articles related to Ilocos Norte

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