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The Info List - ISO/IEC 8859-6


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ISO/IEC 8859-6:1999, Information technology — 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets — Part 6: Latin/Arabic alphabet, is part of the ISO/IEC 8859 series of ASCII-based standard character encodings, first edition published in 1987. It is informally referred to as Latin/Arabic. It was designed to cover Arabic. Only nominal letters are encoded, no preshaped forms of the letters, so shaping processing is required for display. It does not include the extra letters needed to write most Arabic-script languages other than Arabic itself (such as Persian, Urdu, etc.). ISO-8859-6 is the IANA preferred charset name for this standard when supplemented with the C0 and C1 control codes from ISO/IEC 6429. The text is in logical order, so bidi processing is required for display. Nominally ISO-8859-6 (code page 28596) is for “visual order”, and ISO-8859-6-I (code page 38596) is for logical order. But in practice, and required for HTML and XML documents, ISO-8859-6 also stands for logical order text. There is also ISO-8859-6-E which supposedly requires directionality to be explicitly specified with special control characters; this latter variant is in practice unused. IBM has assigned code page 1089 to ISO 8859-6.[1] It is an emulation for their AIX
AIX
operating system.

Contents

1 History 2 Relationship with other character sets 3 Code chart 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] ASMO 708 was devised by the now defunct Arab Standardization and Metrology Organization[2] in 1986 to be the 8-bit standard to be used in Arabic-speaking countries. The design of this character set was inspired by the previous 7-bit standard — ASMO 449 — but it is not simply the 7-bit character set moved to the upper part; there are some differences. ASMO 708 is a bidirectional character set. The lower part of the character set differs from standard ISO 646
ISO 646
in the digits and in some punctuation. Depending on the context (whether the numbers are within Latin script or Arabic script), the digits are rendered either as Latin digits or Arabic digits. Also, depending on the context, symmetrical punctuation marks are reversed, i.e., whenever there is an opening punctuation mark, the shape is rendered differently according to the direction of the script. The upper part of the character set has only the Arabic letters, Arabic punctuation that is different from Latin punctuation, plus few other characters. ASMO 708 was designed in close cooperation[3] with ECMA, which adopted it as its own ECMA-114 standard in 1986. It was also approved as an ISO standard as ISO 8859-6.[4] It was also registered in the International Register of Coded Character Sets as IR 127[5] in 1986. Relationship with other character sets[edit] Some other character sets are related to ASMO 708.

ASMO 708/French 1[6] adds French lower case characters; French 1/ASMO 708[6] adds French lower case characters in their ISO 8859-1 code points and dislocates the Arabic ones; ISO/IR 167[7] adds French and German characters; Microsoft’s code page 708, for MS-DOS, adds French characters in their typical code points from code page 437 and adds box-drawing characters; Both Microsoft’s code page 710 (Transparent Arabic) and Microsoft’s code page 720 (Transparent ASMO), for MS-DOS, add French characters in their typical code points from code page 437 but dislocates the Arabic characters to allow the box-drawing characters from code page 437 to be in their original code points; Microsoft’s Windows 1256 adds French lower case characters in their Windows 1252
Windows 1252
code points and dislocates the Arabic ones;

Code chart[edit] Legend:

  Alphabetic   Control character   Numeric digit   Punctuation

  Extended punctuation   Graphic character   International   Undefined

ISO/IEC 8859-6

_0 _1 _2 _3 _4 _5 _6 _7 _8 _9 _A _B _C _D _E _F

  0_  

  1_  

  2_   SP 0020 32 ! 0021 33 " 0022 34 # 0023 35 $ 0024 36 % 0025 37 & 0026 38 ' 0027 39 ( 0028 40 ) 0029 41 * 002A 42 + 002B 43 , 002C 44 - 002D 45 . 002E 46 / 002F 47

  3_   0/٠ 0030 48 1/١ 0031 49 2/٢ 0032 50 3/٣ 0033 51 4/٤ 0034 52 5/٥ 0035 53 6/٦ 0036 54 7/٧ 0037 55 8/٨ 0038 56 9/٩ 0039 57 : 003A 58 ; 003B 59 < 003C 60 = 003D 61 > 003E 62 ? 003F 63

  4_   @ 0040 64 A 0041 65 B 0042 66 C 0043 67 D 0044 68 E 0045 69 F 0046 70 G 0047 71 H 0048 72 I 0049 73 J 004A 74 K 004B 75 L 004C 76 M 004D 77 N 004E 78 O 004F 79

  5_   P 0050 80 Q 0051 81 R 0052 82 S 0053 83 T 0054 84 U 0055 85 V 0056 86 W 0057 87 X 0058 88 Y 0059 89 Z 005A 90 [ 005B 91

005C 92 ] 005D 93 ^ 005E 94 _ 005F 95

  6_   ` 0060 96 a 0061 97 b 0062 98 c 0063 99 d 0064 100 e 0065 101 f 0066 102 g 0067 103 h 0068 104 i 0069 105 j 006A 106 k 006B 107 l 006C 108 m 006D 109 n 006E 110 o 006F 111

  7_   p 0070 112 q 0071 113 r 0072 114 s 0073 115 t 0074 116 u 0075 117 v 0076 118 w 0077 119 x 0078 120 y 0079 121 z 007A 122

007B 123 007C 124

007D 125 ~ 007E 126

  8_  

  9_  

  A_   NBSP 00A0 160

¤ 00A4 164

، 060C 172 SHY 00AD 173

  B_  

؛ 061B 187

؟ 061F 191

  C_  

ء 0621 193 آ 0622 194 أ 0623 195 ؤ 0624 196 إ 0625 197 ئ 0626 198 ا 0627 199 ب 0628 200 ة 0629 201 ت 062A 202 ث 062B 203 ج 062C 204 ح 062D 205 خ 062E 206 د 062F 207

  D_   ذ 0630 208 ر 0631 209 ز 0632 210 س 0633 211 ش 0634 212 ص 0635 213 ض 0636 214 ط 0637 215 ظ 0638 216 ع 0639 217 غ 063A 218

  E_   ـ 0640 224 ف 0641 225 ق 0642 226 ك 0643 227 ل 0644 228 م 0645 229 ن 0646 230 ه 0647 231 و 0648 232 ى 0649 233 ي 064A 234 ◌ً 064B 235 ◌ٌ 064C 236 ◌ٍ 064D 237 ◌َ 064E 238 ◌ُ 064F 239

  F_   ◌ِ 0650 240 ◌ّ 0651 241 ◌ْ 0652 242

_0 _1 _2 _3 _4 _5 _6 _7 _8 _9 _A _B _C _D _E _F

Code values 0xEB–0xF2 are assigned to combining characters. See also[edit]

ASMO 449 ISO 8859 Windows-1256 (Windows Arabic codepage)

References[edit]

^ Code Page 1089 ^ Le codage informatique de l’écriture arabe : d’ ASMO 449 à Unicode
Unicode
et ISO/CEI 10646 ^ Standard ECMA-114 ^ ISO/IEC 8859-6:1999 ^ Right-Hand Part of Latin/Arabic Alphabet ^ a b Printronix ACA Emulation Programmer’s Reference Manual ^ Arabic/French/German Set

External links[edit]

ISO/IEC 8859-6:1999 Standard ECMA-114: 8-Bit Single-Byte Coded Graphic Character Sets - Latin/Arabic Alphabet 2nd edition (December 2000) ISO-IR 127 Right-Hand Part of Latin/Arabic Alphabet (November 30, 1986)

v t e

Character encodings

Early telecommunications

ASCII ISO/IEC 646 ISO/IEC 6937 T.61 BCDIC Baudot code Morse code

Telegraph code Wabun code

Special
Special
telegraphy codes

Non-Latin Chinese Cyrillic

Needle telegraph codes

ISO/IEC 8859

-1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -9 -10 -11 -12 -13 -14 -15 -16

Bibliographic use

ANSEL ISO 5426 / 5426-2 / 5427 / 5428 / 6438 / 6861 / 6862 / 10585 / 10586 / 10754 / 11822 MARC-8

National standards

ArmSCII BraSCII CNS 11643 ELOT 927 GOST 10859 GB 18030 HKSCS ISCII JIS X 0201 JIS X 0208 JIS X 0212 JIS X 0213 KOI-7 KPS 9566 KS X 1001 PASCII SI 960 TIS-620 TSCII VISCII YUSCII

EUC

CN JP KR TW

ISO/IEC 2022

CN JP KR CCCII

MacOS code pages ("scripts")

Arabic Celtic CentEuro ChineseSimp / EUC-CN ChineseTrad / Big5 Croatian Cyrillic Devanagari Dingbats Esperanto Farsi (Persian) Gaelic Greek Gujarati Gurmukhi Hebrew Iceland Japanese / ShiftJIS Korean / EUC-KR Latin-1 Roman Romanian Sámi Symbol Thai / TIS-620 Turkish Ukrainian

DOS code pages

100 111 112 113 151 152 161 162 163 164 165 166 210 220 301 437 449 489 620 667 668 707 708 709 710 711 714 715 720 721 737 768 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 790 850 851 852 853 854 855/872 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864/17248 865 866/808 867 868 869 874/1161/1162 876 877 878 881 882 883 884 885 891 895 896 897 898 899 900 903 904 906 907 909 910 911 926 927 928 929 932 934 936 938 941 942 943 944 946 947 948 949 950/1370 951 966 991 1034 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1046 1086 1088 1092 1093 1098 1108 1109 1114 1115 1116 1117 1118 1119 1125/848 1126 1127 1131/849 1139 1167 1168 1300 1351 1361 1362 1363 1372 1373 1374 1375 1380 1381 1385 1386 1391 1392 1393 1394 Kamenický Mazovia CWI-2 KOI8 MIK Iran System

IBM AIX
AIX
code pages

367 371 806 813 819 895 896 912 913 914 915 916 919 920 921/901 922/902 923 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 963 964 965 970 971 1004 1006 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1029 1036 1089 1111 1124 1129/1163 1133 1350 1382 1383

IBM Apple MacIntosh emulations

1275 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286

IBM Adobe emulations

1038 1276 1277

IBM DEC emulations

1020 1021 1023 1090 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1287 1288

IBM HP emulations

1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058

Windows code pages

CER-GS 874/1162 (TIS-620) 932/943 (Shift JIS) 936/1386 (GBK) 950/1370 (Big5) 949/1363 (EUC-KR) 1169 1174 Extended Latin-8 1200 (UTF-16LE) 1201 (UTF-16BE) 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1261 1270 54936 (GB18030)

EBCDIC
EBCDIC
code pages

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37/1140 37-2 38 39 40 251 252 254 256 257 258 259 260 264 273/1141 274 275 276 277/1142 278/1143 279 280/1144 281 282 283 284/1145 285/1146 286 287 288 289 290 293 297/1147 298 300 310 320 321 322 330 351 352 353 355 357 358 359 360 361 363 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 410 420/16804 421 423 424/8616/12712 425 435 500/1148 803 829 833 834 835 836 837 838/838 839 870/1110/1153 871/1149 875/4971/9067 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 892 893 905 918 924 930/1390 931 933/1364 935/1388 937/1371 939/1399 1001 1002 1003 1005 1007 1024 1025/1154 1026/1155 1027 1028 1030 1031 1032 1033 1037 1047 1068 1069 1070 1071 1073 1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1082 1083 1084 1085 1087 1091 1097 1112/1156 1113 1122/1157 1123/1158 1130/1164 1132 1136 1137 1150 1151 1152 1159 1165 1166 1278 1279 1303 1364 1376 1377 JEF KEIS

Platform specific

Acorn Adobe Standard Adobe Latin 1 Apple II ATASCII Atari ST BICS Casio calculators CDC CPC DEC Radix-50 DEC MCS/NRCS DG International ELWRO-Junior FIELDATA GEM GEOS GSM 03.38 HP Roman Extension HP Roman-8 HP Roman-9 HP FOCAL HP RPL LICS LMBCS Mattel Aquarius MSX NEC APC NeXT PCW PETSCII Sharp calculators TI calculators TRS-80 Ventura International Ventura Symbol WISCII XCCS ZX80 ZX81 ZX Spectrum

Unicode / ISO/IEC 10646

UTF-1 UTF-7 UTF-8 UTF-16
UTF-16
(UTF-16LE/UTF-16BE) / UCS-2 UTF-32 (UTF-32LE/UTF-32BE) / UCS-4 UTF-EBCDIC GB 18030 BOCU-1 CESU-8 SCSU

Miscellaneous code pages

ABICOMP APL ARIB STD-B24 Cork HZ INIS INIS-8 ISO-IR-111 ISO-IR-182 ISO-IR-200 ISO-IR-201 ISO-IR-209 Johab LGR LY1 OML OMS OMX OT1 OT2 OT3 OT4 T2A T2B T2C T2D T3 T4 T5 TS1 TS3 U X2 SEASCII TACE16 TRON UTF-5 UTF-6 WTF-8

Related topics

Code page Control character (C0 C1) CCSID Character encodings in HTML Charset detection Han unification Hardware ISO 6429/IEC 6429/ANSI X3.64 Mojibake

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