Humboldt County, Nevada
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Humboldt County is a
county A county is a geographical region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (human geography), and the interaction of humanity and the environment ...
in the
U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state ...
of
Nevada Nevada (, ) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper i ...

Nevada
. As of the
2010 census2010 census may refer to: * 2010 Chinese Census * 2010 Dominican Republic Census * 2010 Indonesian census * 2010 Malaysian Census * 2010 Russian Census * 2010 Turkish census * 2010 United States Census * 2010 Zambian census {{Disambiguation ...
, the population was 16,528.A largely rural county and sparsely populated, the only major city is it
county seat A county seat is an administrative centerAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government, or a county town, or the place where the central administration of a Township, commune is located. In countries with Fre ...
is Winnemucca which has a population of 7,396. The county also contains land from several major Native American communities including the Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribe and the Winnemucca Indian Colony of Nevada. Humboldt County comprises the Winnemucca, NV Micropolitan Statistical Area. Largely a region with ranchers and farmers, the county came under increased attention after the 2017 proposal of the Thacker Pass Lithium Mine. The mine has been controversial locally and in the national press -- as it would be the first major lithium clay mine to open in the United States and be important to the local economy but threatens local ecosystems and indigenous heritage sites.


History

Humboldt County is the oldest county in Nevada, created by the Utah Territorial Legislature in 1856. It was also one of Nevada's original nine counties created in 1861. The county is named after the
Humboldt River The Humboldt River is an extensive river drainage system located in north-central Nevada Nevada (, ) is a in the region of the United States. It is bordered by to the northwest, to the northeast, to the west, to the southeast, and t ...

Humboldt River
, which was named by
John C. Frémont
John C. Frémont
, after
Alexander von Humboldt Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt (14 September 17696 May 1859) was a German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * ...

Alexander von Humboldt
, a German naturalist, traveler and statesman.
HumboldtHumboldt may refer to: People * Alexander von Humboldt, German natural scientist, brother of Wilhelm von Humboldt * Wilhelm von Humboldt, German linguist, philosopher, and diplomat, brother of Alexander von Humboldt Fictional characters * Hum ...

Humboldt
never saw the places that bear his name.
Unionville
Unionville
was the first county seat in 1861 until the mining boom died there and it was moved to Winnemucca on the transcontinental railroad line in 1873. The county was the site of an arrest in 2000 that led to the
U.S. Supreme Court The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest court in the federal judiciary of the United States of America The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or Americ ...

U.S. Supreme Court
decision '' Hiibel v. Sixth Judicial District Court of Nevada'' in 2004. Humboldt County is referenced in
Brandon Flowers'
Brandon Flowers'
2015 song "Digging Up The Heart", in which the protagonist meets "Christie, queen of Humboldt County".


Geography

According to the
U.S. Census Bureau The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, ...
, the county has an area of , of which is land and (0.2%) is water. It is Nevada's fourth-largest county by area. The
Santa Rosa Range The Santa Rosa Range is a mountain range A mountain range is a series of mountains ranged in a line and connected by high ground. A mountain system or mountain belt is a group of mountain ranges with similarity in form, structure, and alignme ...
runs through eastern Humboldt County. The highest point in the county, 9,731-ft (2966 m)
Granite Peak Mountain A mountain is an elevated portion of the Earth's crust, generally with steep sides that show significant exposed bedrock. A mountain differs from a plateau in having a limited summit area, and is larger than a hill, typically rising ...
, is in the range. The most topographically prominent mountain in Humboldt County is unofficially known as Dan Dobbins Peak and is in the remote Jackson Mountains.


Adjacent counties

*
Harney County Harney County is one of the 36 counties in the U.S. state In the , a state is a , of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a , each state holds al jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory where it shares it ...
,
Oregon Oregon () is a U.S. state, state in the Pacific Northwest region of the Western United States. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon's northern boundary with Washington (state), Washington, while the Snake River delineates much of it ...

Oregon
- northwest * Malheur County,
Oregon Oregon () is a U.S. state, state in the Pacific Northwest region of the Western United States. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon's northern boundary with Washington (state), Washington, while the Snake River delineates much of it ...

Oregon
- north *
Owyhee County Owyhee County ( ) is a County (United States), county in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Idaho. As of the 2010 United States Census, 2010 census, the population was 11,526. The county seat is Murphy, Idaho, Murphy, and its largest city ...
,
Idaho Idaho () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in ...

Idaho
- northeast/Mountain Time Border * Elko County - east *
Lander County Lander County is a County (United States), county in the U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 United States Census, 2010 census, the population was 5,775. Its county seat is Battle Mountain, Nevada, Battle Mountain. History Lander County was cr ...
- southeast *
Pershing County Pershing County is a County (United States), county in the U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 United States Census, 2010 census, the population was 6,753. Its county seat is Lovelock, Nevada, Lovelock. The county was named after army general Joh ...
- south *
Washoe CountyWashoe County may refer to: ; Places * Washoe County, Nevada ; Ships * USS ''LST-1165'', a United States Navy landing ship tank commissioned in 1953 and renamed USS Washoe County (LST-1165), USS ''Washoe County'' (LST-1165) in 1955 * USS Washoe Cou ...
- west


National protected areas

* Black Rock Desert-High Rock Canyon Emigrant Trails National Conservation Area (part) *
Humboldt National ForestHumboldt may refer to: People * Alexander von Humboldt, German natural scientist, brother of Wilhelm von Humboldt * Wilhelm von Humboldt, German linguist, philosopher, and diplomat, brother of Alexander von Humboldt Fictional characters * Hum ...
(part) *
Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge The Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge is a national wildlife refuge National Wildlife Refuge System is a designation for certain protected areas of the United States managed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service The United States ...
(part)


Reservations

The county includes land that is held by
Indian reservations.
Indian reservations.


Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribe


Winnemucca Indian Colony of Nevada


Demographics


2000 census

At the 2000 census there were 16,106 people in the county, organized into 5733 households, and 4133 families. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km2). There were 6,954 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km2). The
racial makeup A race is a grouping of humans based on shared physical or social qualities into categories generally viewed as distinct by society. The term was first used to refer to speakers of a common language and then to denote national affiliations. By ...
of the county was 83.21% White, 4.02% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 8.54% from other races, and 3.09% from two or more races. 18.87%. were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 5,733 households, 40.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% were non-families. 22.8% of households were made up of individuals, and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.28. The age distribution was 31.40% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 7.50% who were 65 or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 110.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.20 males. The median household income was $47,147 and the median family income was $52,156. Males had a median income of $44,694 versus $25,917 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,539. 9.70% of the population and 7.70% of families were below the
poverty line The poverty threshold, poverty limit, poverty line or breadline is the minimum level of income In microeconomics, income is the Consumption (economics), consumption and saving opportunity gained by an entity within a specified timeframe, w ...
. Out of the total population, 10.40% of those under the age of 18 and 10.80% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.


2010 census

At the
2010 census2010 census may refer to: * 2010 Chinese Census * 2010 Dominican Republic Census * 2010 Indonesian census * 2010 Malaysian Census * 2010 Russian Census * 2010 Turkish census * 2010 United States Census * 2010 Zambian census {{Disambiguation ...
, there were 16,528 people, 6,289 households, and 4,316 families in the county. The population density was . There were 7,123 housing units at an average density of . The
racial makeup A race is a grouping of humans based on shared physical or social qualities into categories generally viewed as distinct by society. The term was first used to refer to speakers of a common language and then to denote national affiliations. By ...

racial makeup
of the county was 79.0% white, 4.2% American Indian, 0.7% Asian, 0.5% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 12.7% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 24.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 15.0% were
English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which has eventually become the World language, leading lan ...
, 14.6% were
Irish Irish most commonly refers to: * Someone or something of, from, or related to: ** Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britai ...
, 14.1% were
German German(s) may refer to: * Germany (of or related to) **Germania (historical use) * Germans, citizens of Germany, people of German ancestry, or native speakers of the German language ** For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law **Ger ...
, and 5.1% were
American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or A ...
. Of the 6,289 households, 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families, and 25.6% of households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.13. The median age was 36.2 years. The median household income was $55,656 and the median family income was $69,032. Males had a median income of $56,843 versus $33,531 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,965. About 7.8% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the
poverty line The poverty threshold, poverty limit, poverty line or breadline is the minimum level of income In microeconomics, income is the Consumption (economics), consumption and saving opportunity gained by an entity within a specified timeframe, w ...
, including 17.3% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.


Education

Humboldt County School District serves Humboldt County.


Law enforcement

There have been at least two allegations of abuse of civil forfeiture by Humboldt County Sheriff's deputy Lee Dove. Both cases were won by the civilians in question, albeit at great personal expense.


Politics


Transportation


Major highways

* Interstate 80 in Nevada, Interstate 80 * Interstate 80 Business (Winnemucca, Nevada), Interstate 80 Business Loop * U.S. Route 95 in Nevada, U.S. Route 95 * Nevada State Route 140, State Route 140 * Nevada State Route 289, State Route 289 * Nevada State Route 290, State Route 290 * Nevada State Route 292, State Route 292 * Nevada State Route 293, State Route 293 * Nevada State Route 294, State Route 294 * Nevada State Route 787, State Route 787 * Nevada State Route 789, State Route 789 * Nevada State Route 794, State Route 794 * Nevada State Route 795, State Route 795 * Nevada State Route 796, State Route 796


Communities


City

Winnemucca is the sole incorporated city in the county.


Census-designated places

*Denio, Nevada, Denio *Fort McDermitt, Nevada, Fort McDermitt *Golconda, Nevada, Golconda *McDermitt, Nevada–Oregon, McDermitt *Orovada, Nevada, Orovada *Paradise Valley, Nevada, Paradise Valley *Valmy, Nevada, Valmy


Unincorporated communities

*Stone House, Nevada, Stone House *Tule, Nevada, Tule


See also

* National Register of Historic Places listings in Humboldt County, Nevada


References


External links

* {{Coord, 41.41, -118.12, display=title, type:adm2nd_region:US-NV_source:UScensus1990 Humboldt County, Nevada, 1856 establishments in Utah Territory Populated places established in 1856 Micropolitan areas of Nevada Alexander von Humboldt