HOME
The Info List - Hsinchu





Hsinchu, officially known as Hsinchu
Hsinchu
City (Chinese: 新竹市), is a city in northern Taiwan. Hsinchu
Hsinchu
is popularly nicknamed "The Windy City" for its windy climate. Hsinchu
Hsinchu
is administered as a provincial city within Taiwan.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Empire of Japan 1.2 Republic of China

2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Government

3.1 Administrative divisions 3.2 Politics

4 Economy 5 Education 6 Tourist attractions 7 Transportation

7.1 Rail 7.2 Cycling

8 Notable natives 9 International relations

9.1 Twin towns — sister cities

10 See also 11 References 12 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of Hsinchu In 1626, after Spain occupied northern Taiwan, Spanish missionaries arrived at Teckcham (Chinese: 竹塹; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tek-khàm), where the Taokas Taiwanese aborigines
Taiwanese aborigines
lived. The city was first settled by Han Chinese
Han Chinese
in 1711,[3] during Qing rule. In 1878, Teckcham Subprefecture was converted into a district and renamed Hsinchu.[4] After Fujian- Taiwan
Taiwan
Province was established in 1887, Hsinchu
Hsinchu
was a part of Taipeh Prefecture. Empire of Japan[edit] By 1904, the city population was 16,371, ranked 7th, following Keelung and followed by Shoka. In 1920, under Japanese rule, Shinchiku Cho (新竹廳) was upgraded to town status. In 1930, the town was renamed as Shinchiku City, under Shinchiku Prefecture. In 1941, its administration district was expanded, annexing Kōzan village (modern-day Xiangshan), whereas Kyūminato village (舊港庄) and Rokka village (六家庄) became Chikuhoku village (竹北庄, modern-day Zhubei) under the same district. Republic of China[edit] In 1945, the incoming Kuomintang
Kuomintang
established the Hsinchu
Hsinchu
City Government to govern Hsinchu-Chou (Shinchiku Prefecture). In 1946, the Take Over Committee dissolved and Hsinchu County
Hsinchu County
Government was formed. Hsinchu County
Hsinchu County
Government was moved to Taoyuan. As the administrative districts were readjusted, it became a provincial city, using the original Prefecture office as its legal office, with seven district offices. In February of the same year, representative congress was formed in every district. On April 15 the City Congress was formed. Provincial Representatives were elected from the city legislators, to become legislative bodies of different levels. On 16 August 1950, the administrative districts in Taiwan
Taiwan
were re-adjusted once more, demarcating 16 counties and 5 provincially governed cities. In June 1982, under the President's order, the Xiangshan Township of Hsinchu County
Hsinchu County
would merge into Hsinchu
Hsinchu
City, and the new entity would become a provincial city. The new government of Hsinchu
Hsinchu
was legally established on 1 July 1982 with the merging of Xiangshan, with 103 lis (villages), and 1,635 lins (neighborhoods). The City Government is located on 120 Chung Cheng Road, the former Prefecture Office. In end of June 1983, there were three Bureaus (Civil Service, Public Works, and Education), four Departments (Finance, Social Welfare, Compulsory Military Service, and Land Affairs), four offices (Secretary, Planning, Personnel, and Auditing), and 49 sections (units, teams) under the City Government's organization to provide services for various urban affairs. Affiliate institutions include the Police Department, Tax Department, and Medicine and Hygiene Department. By the end of 1982, the city was classified into East, North and Xiangshan districts. The East, North and Xiangshan district administration offices were posted on October 1 and then they were formally established on November 1 in the same year. From 1994 to 1999, as Taiwan
Taiwan
made its transition from authoritarian rule to modern democracy and the mostly pro forma provincial level of government began to be dissolved, regulations were established for formal Hsinchu
Hsinchu
City self-government. A deputy mayor, consumer officer, and three consultants were added to the city government. In 2002, the city added a Bureau of Labor and transferred Compulsory Military Service to the Department of Civil Service. Geography[edit] The city is bordered by Hsinchu County
Hsinchu County
to the north and east, Miaoli County to the south, and the Taiwan
Taiwan
Strait to the west. Climate[edit] Hsinchu's climate is humid subtropical (Koppen: Cfa). The city is located in a part of the island that has a rainy season that lasts from February to September, with the heaviest time coming late April through August during the southwest monsoon, and also experiences meiyu in May and early June.[5] The city succumbs to hot humid weather from June until September, while October to December are arguably the most pleasant times of year. Hsinchu
Hsinchu
is affected by easterly winds off of the East China Sea. Natural hazards such as typhoons and earthquakes are common in the region.[6][7][8]

Climate
Climate
data for Hsinchu, Taiwan
Taiwan
(1992-2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 18.9 (66) 19.4 (66.9) 21.4 (70.5) 25.2 (77.4) 28.6 (83.5) 31.0 (87.8) 32.9 (91.2) 32.6 (90.7) 31.0 (87.8) 27.8 (82) 24.9 (76.8) 21.2 (70.2) 26.24 (79.23)

Daily mean °C (°F) 15.5 (59.9) 15.9 (60.6) 17.9 (64.2) 21.7 (71.1) 24.9 (76.8) 27.4 (81.3) 29.0 (84.2) 28.7 (83.7) 27.1 (80.8) 24.2 (75.6) 21.2 (70.2) 17.7 (63.9) 22.6 (72.69)

Average low °C (°F) 12.9 (55.2) 13.4 (56.1) 15.2 (59.4) 18.8 (65.8) 21.8 (71.2) 24.4 (75.9) 25.7 (78.3) 25.6 (78.1) 24.1 (75.4) 21.6 (70.9) 18.5 (65.3) 15.0 (59) 19.75 (67.55)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 64.4 (2.535) 191.3 (7.531) 172.8 (6.803) 161.4 (6.354) 247.2 (9.732) 266.1 (10.476) 108.2 (4.26) 190.5 (7.5) 95.1 (3.744) 59.4 (2.339) 35.6 (1.402) 47 (1.85) 1,639 (64.53)

Average precipitation days 9.8 13.8 14.1 13.1 11.7 10.2 8.2 11.2 6.8 5.4 4.6 7.7 116.6

Average relative humidity (%) 78.9 80.1 83.1 80.9 79.8 78.3 75.9 78 75.1 76.4 76.3 76.3 78.3

Mean monthly sunshine hours 98.2 84.8 85 103 136.6 185 230.9 205.7 206.8 191.4 150.2 128.4 1,806

Source: [9]

Government[edit]

Hsinchu
Hsinchu
City Government

Hsinchu
Hsinchu
City Council

Hsinchu
Hsinchu
City

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1985 304,010 —    

1990 324,426 +6.7%

1995 340,255 +4.9%

2000 368,439 +8.3%

2005 394,757 +7.1%

2010 415,344 +5.2%

2015 434,060 +4.5%

Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan". Ministry of the Interior Population Census. 

Hsinchu
Hsinchu
City is administered as a provincial city of Taiwan
Taiwan
Province. North District is the seat of Hsinchu
Hsinchu
City which houses the Hsinchu City Government and Hsinchu
Hsinchu
City Council. The incumbent Mayor of Hsinchu
Hsinchu
City is Lin Chih-chien
Lin Chih-chien
of the Democratic Progressive Party. Administrative divisions[edit]

Hsinchu
Hsinchu
has 3 districts (區 Qu): District Population Land area

as of 2016 km2

■ East 東區 208,122 33.5768

■ North 北區 149,300 15.7267

■ Xiangshan 香山區 76,836 54.8491

Politics[edit] Hsinchu
Hsinchu
City voted one Democratic Progressive Party
Democratic Progressive Party
legislator to be in the Legislative Yuan
Legislative Yuan
during the 2016 Republic of China legislative election.[10] Economy[edit] The Hsinchu Science Park
Hsinchu Science Park
is home to 360 high tech companies including TSMC, Philips, United Microelectronics Corporation, Holtek, AU Optronics and Epistar. As a result, the city has the highest income level in Taiwan. The purpose of the park is to attract high tech investment to Taiwan and to make the area the economic center for the information industry. The park is designed to cater for high quality R&D, production, work, life and also recreation. From its establishment in 1978, the government has invested over NT$30 billion on software and hardware ventures. In 2001, it developed 2.5 km2 of land in the park and 0.5 km2 in southern Hsinchu, attracting 312 high-tech companies' investments. Viewing the performance of Hsinchu Science Park
Hsinchu Science Park
in the past 21 years, it can be said that it holds a decisive position in the economic development in Taiwan, with international acclaim. Although the semi-conductor and related electronic businesses have been doing well, they face fierce competition from Japan, Korea, the United States
United States
and Singapore. This has resulted in lower profits and over-supply of some electronic products such as memory and semi-conductors. Therefore, manufacturers, government, academia, and the R&D sectors all recognize the challenges faced by Taiwan's high-tech development. The government has endeavored to upgrade Hsinchu Science Park
Hsinchu Science Park
into a global manufacturing and R&D center of high-end products. They also plan to intensify the cooperation among the manufacturing, academic, and research sectors by introducing incubation centers, in order to elevate the technological standard in the park. Further, through the development of the northern, central, and southern industrial park and its satellite sites, it hopes to sow the seeds of high tech business in all of Taiwan, leading to a vigorous era of high tech development. Education[edit]

National Tsing Hua University

National Chiao Tung University

Currently, Hsinchu
Hsinchu
City is one of the most focused educational centers in northern Taiwan. It has six universities in this concentrated area and among these universities, National Chiao Tung University
National Chiao Tung University
and National Tsing Hua University
National Tsing Hua University
are highly focused by government in Taiwan
Taiwan
on its academic development. Other public and private educational institutions in the city included 33 elementary schools, 19 middle schools, 12 high school and complete secondary school, National Hsinchu
Hsinchu
Senior High School, National Hsinchu
Hsinchu
Girls' Senior High School and National Experimental High School are prestigious. International and American Schools (grade school and secondary school)

Pacific American School[11] Hsinchu
Hsinchu
International School[12] Hsinchu
Hsinchu
American School[13]

Elementary Schools

Sagor Bilingual School Hsinchu
Hsinchu
Elementary School San Min Elementary School Ke Yuan Elementary School Guan Dong Elementary School Zai Xi Elementary School SunShine Elementary School Lung Shan Elementary School Dong Yuan Elementary School Chu Lian Elementary School Cheng Kong Elementary School Bei Men Elementary School Min Fu Elementary School Da Chuang Elementary School Nan Liao Elementary School Shui Yuan Elementary School Hu Lin Elementary School Jia Dong Elementary School Ching Tsao Hu Elementary School Nan Ai Elementary School Da Hu Elementary School Nei Hu Elementary School Xi Men Elementary School

Junior High School

Chien Hua Junior High School Pei Ying Junior High School Zhu Guang Junior High School Nan Hua Junior High School Guang Wu Junior High School Hu Lin Junior High School Guang Hua Junior High School Yu Hsien Junior High School San Min Junior High School Nei Hu Junior High School Hsin Ke Junior High School

High Schools

National Experimental High School National Hsinchu
Hsinchu
Senior High School National Hsinchu
Hsinchu
Girls' Senior High School Shu Guang Girls' Senior High School Chien Kung Senior High School Hsiang Shan Senior High School Cheng Te Senior High School

Colleges and Universities

National Chiao Tung University National Tsing Hua University Chung Hua University Hsuan Chuang University Yuanpei University National Hsinchu
Hsinchu
University of Education

Tourist attractions[edit]

Hsinchu
Hsinchu
Fish Harbor

Black Bat Squadron Memorial Hall Glass Museum of Hsinchu
Hsinchu
City Hsinchu
Hsinchu
City Art Site of Railway Warehouse Hsinchu
Hsinchu
CKS Baseball Stadium Hsinchu
Hsinchu
Museum of Military Dependents Village Hsinchu
Hsinchu
Fish Harbor Hsinchu
Hsinchu
Zoo National Hsinchu
Hsinchu
Living Arts Center 17 Kilometer Coastal Scenic Area[14] Eighteen Peaks Mountain Park Hsinchu
Hsinchu
Eastern Gate Chenghuang Temple Night Market Tsing Hus Night Market

Name Feature Location

Chenghuang Temple Night Market Most of the old stands in Cheng-huang Temple are of 50-year-old history, the famous snacks here are Hsin-chu meat balls, pork balls, spring rolls, braised pork rice, cuttlefish thick soup, rice noodles, and cow tongue shaped cakes (quote from Tourism Bureau, MOTC, T.O.C.[15]) Cheng-huang Temple and fa-lian shrine square

Neiwan Old Street Traditional Hakka
Hakka
restaurants and shops serve ginger lily-flavored glutinous rice dumplings, Hakka
Hakka
tea, and Hakka
Hakka
rice cakes.[16] Hengshan Town

Transportation[edit]

Hsinchu
Hsinchu
Station

Hsinchu
Hsinchu
Bus Station

Rail[edit] Hsinchu
Hsinchu
City is accessible from TRA Hsinchu Station
Hsinchu Station
and North Hsinchu Station. Cycling[edit] Hsinchu
Hsinchu
City has recently created a series of cycling routes to help cyclists navigate the city more easily. Hsinchu
Hsinchu
is home to many cycling clubs Notable natives[edit]

Chi Cheng, the 1968 Olympic bronze medalist in track & field. Yuan T. Lee, the 1986 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry. John Chiang, Taiwanese politician Lin Cho-liang, Taiwanese American violinist Hsieh Su-Wei, Taiwanese tennis player and former World No. 1 in doubles Hebe Tien, Solo artist and member of S.H.E David Wu, member of the U.S. House of Representatives
U.S. House of Representatives
for the state of Oregon
Oregon
from 1999 until 2011. Cyndi Wang, Singer Chen Qiaoen, Singer, actress, 7F Member Lü Shao-chia, Taiwanese conductor

International relations[edit] Main article: List of twin towns and sister cities in Taiwan
Taiwan
(Republic of China) Twin towns — sister cities[edit] Hsinchu
Hsinchu
is twinned with:[17]

City Region Country Since

Beaverton Oregon  United States 1988

Cary North Carolina  United States 1993

Cupertino California  United States 1998

Richland Washington  United States 1988

Plano Texas  United States 2003

Okayama Okayama
Okayama
Prefecture  Japan 2003

Puerto Princesa Palawan  Philippines 2006

Fairfield New South Wales  Australia 1994

Chiayi
Chiayi
City Taiwan  Taiwan 2002

Airai Airai  Palau 2011

See also[edit]

Administrative divisions of the Republic of China List of cities in Taiwan

References[edit]

^ "《中華民國統計資訊網》縣市重要統計指標查詢系統網" (in Chinese). Retrieved 9 July 2016.  ^ "新竹市統計月報". 新竹市政府 (in Chinese). Retrieved 9 July 2016.  ^ Wang, Erika (October 25, 2007). " Hsinchu
Hsinchu
owns rich history, culture and natural resources". The China Post. Retrieved 30 November 2014.  ^ Davidson, James W. (1903). The Island of Formosa, Past and Present : history, people, resources, and commercial prospects : tea, camphor, sugar, gold, coal, sulphur, economical plants, and other productions. London and New York: Macmillan. p. 211. OCLC 1887893. OL 6931635M.  ^ "Monthly Mean Days of Precipitation". Climate
Climate
Data. ROC Central Weather Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2005. Retrieved 2006-03-08.  ^ "Rescuers hunt quake survivors". BBC. 1999-09-21.  ^ "Recent Earthquakes Near Hsinchu, Taiwan, Taiwan".  ^ "Earthquakes Today".  ^ "Statistics > Monthly Mean". Central Weather Bureau.  ^ http://vote2016.cec.gov.tw/en/T1/n713010000000000.html ^ Pacificamerican.org ^ cite weburl=http://www.hdis.hc.edu.tw%7Ctitle=Hsinchu International Schoolwork=hc.edu.tw] ^ " Hsinchu
Hsinchu
American School". hc.edu.tw.  ^ "Theme Tours - Department of Tourism Hsinchu
Hsinchu
City Government". hccg.gov.tw.  ^ Eng.taiwan.net.tw ^ [1] ^ "Sister Cities". Hsinchu
Hsinchu
City Government. Retrieved 15 February 2015. 

External links[edit]

Find more aboutHsinchuat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity

Hsinchu City Government
Hsinchu City Government
official website (in English) Hsinchu Science Park
Hsinchu Science Park
(in English)

v t e

Cities in Taiwan

Special
Special
municipalities

Kaohsiung New Taipei Taichung Tainan Taipei Taoyuan

Provincial cities

Chiayi Hsinchu Keelung

County-controlled cities

Changhua Douliu Hualien Magong Miaoli Nantou Pingtung PuziA Taibao Taitung ToufenA Yilan YuanlinA Zhubei

County and province seats

Jincheng Nangan Zhongxing

Note: A: not the county seat.

v t e

Districts of Hsinchu

City seat: North

Districts

East North Xiangshan

Note: Hanyu Pinyin
Hanyu Pinyin
is the national standard.

v t e

Administrative divisions of Taiwan

Special
Special
municipalities (6)

Kaohsiung New Taipei Taichung Tainan Taipei Taoyuan

Provincial cities (3)

Chiayi Hsinchu Keelung

Counties (13)

Changhua Chiayi Hsinchu Hualien Kinmen Lienchiang Miaoli Nantou Penghu Pingtung Taitung Yilan Yunlin

Free area of the Republic of China Streamlined Provinces

Taiwan Fujian

List of administrative divisions of Taiwan

v t e

Metropolitan areas in Taiwan

Taipei– Keelung
Keelung
(incl. New Taipei) metro area Kaohsiung
Kaohsiung
metro area Taichung– Changhua
Changhua
metro area Taoyuan–Zhongli metro area Tainan
Tainan
metro area Hsinchu
Hsinchu
metro area Chiay

.