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The Info List - Geylang





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Marine Parade
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Jalan Besar
Jalan Besar
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Marine Parade
GRC Mountbatten SMC Potong Pasir
Potong Pasir
SMC

Government

 • Mayors

Central Singapore
Singapore
CDC

Denise Phua

South East CDC

Maliki Osman

 • Members of Parliament

Jalan Besar
Jalan Besar
GRC

Yaacob Ibrahim

MacPherson SMC

Tin Pei Ling

Marine Parade
Marine Parade
GRC

Fatimah Lateef Goh Chok Tong Tan Chuan Jin Edwin Tong

Mountbatten SMC

Lim Biow Chuan

Potong Pasir
Potong Pasir
SMC

Sitoh Yih Pin

Area[1][2]

 • Total 9.64 km2 (3.72 sq mi)

 • Residential 2.14 km2 (0.83 sq mi)

Population (2015)[1][2][3]

 • Total 116,960

 • Density 12,000/km2 (31,000/sq mi)

Demonym(s)

Official

Geylang
Geylang
resident

Colloquial

Geylanger

Ethnic groups[3]

 • Chinese 88,060

 • Malays 15,280

 • Indians 9,900

 • Others 3,730

Postal districts 13, 14, 19

Dwelling units 29,256

Projected ultimate 49,000

Geylang
Geylang
(Chinese: 芽笼, Tamil: கேலாங்) is a planning area and township located on the eastern fringe of the Central Region of Singapore. It borders Hougang
Hougang
and Toa Payoh
Toa Payoh
in the north, Marine Parade in the south, Bedok
Bedok
in the east, and Kallang
Kallang
in the west. Known perhaps most infamously as a red-light district, Geylang
Geylang
is also the location of Geylang
Geylang
Serai, one of Singapore's oldest Malay settlements.[4]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Geography

2.1 Location 2.2 Subdivisions

3 History 4 Geylang
Geylang
Serai 5 Infrastructure 6 Transport

6.1 Roads 6.2 Trains

7 Media 8 References

Etymology[edit] The word Geylang
Geylang
is found early in Singapore's history and also in early topographical maps showing marsh and coconut plantations beside and adjacent to the mouth of the Kallang
Kallang
River, home to the Orang Laut (sea gypsies). One possible etymological link in the stock vocabulary of the Malay is 'geylanggan' meaning to 'twist' or 'crush' a reference to the process of extracting the coconut meat and milk used by the locals to thicken curries in Malay-Chinese (Peranakan) cuisine. The idea persists to this day, of the process of heartache and desperation associated with the broken and hurting lives of those involved in buying and selling of sex and drugs on the streets and in the registered brothel in the area. The word Geylang
Geylang
may be derived from a corrupted spelling of the Malay word 'gelang' which is a type of edible creeper (Portulaca oleracea). This is a more plausible explanation for the name because Malays typically name places based on the abundance of certain plant species (e.g. Melaka after the tree species of the same name) or geological formations (e.g. Bukit Gombak based on the comb-like hill summit). Geography[edit]

Geylang
Geylang
Planning Area on Pulau Ujong.

Location[edit] Grouped under the Central Region, Geylang
Geylang
Planning Area is bordered by Hougang
Hougang
and Toa Payoh
Toa Payoh
in the north, Kallang
Kallang
in the west, Marine Parade in the south, and Bedok
Bedok
in the east. Beginning in the north and moving in a clockwise direction, the boundaries of Geylang
Geylang
are made up of MacPherson Road, Airport Road, Eunos Link, Jalan Eunos, Still Road, Koon Seng Road, Dunman Road, the Geylang
Geylang
River, Mountbatten Road, Sims Way, and the Pan Island Expressway
Pan Island Expressway
(PIE). Geylang
Geylang
New Town as defined by the Housing and Development Board
Housing and Development Board
(HDB) sits within the Geylang
Geylang
Planning Area. Subdivisions[edit] Geylang
Geylang
Planning Area is made up of five "subzones", as officially defined by the Urban Redevelopment Authority
Urban Redevelopment Authority
(URA).

Subzone Location Notable places Accessibility

Aljunied Southwest Geylang Aljunied
Aljunied
MRT station, Mountbatten MRT station, Dakota MRT station, Sims Place Bus Terminal, Mountbatten Community Club, Mountbatten Neighbourhood Police Post, James Cook University Singapore, Kong Hwa School, Geylang
Geylang
Methodist School (Primary), Geylang
Geylang
Methodist School (Secondary), Broadrick Secondary School, Housing and Development Board (HDB) Geylang
Geylang
Branch, HDB Sims Drive Branch, Geylang
Geylang
Polyclinic, Geylang East
Geylang East
Swimming Complex, Singapore
Singapore
Association for the Deaf, the future Kallang
Kallang
Fire Station, the future Geylang
Geylang
Neighbourhood Police Centre Aljunied
Aljunied
MRT station, Mountbatten MRT station, Dakota MRT station and buses

Kallang
Kallang
Way Industrial estates along Kallang
Kallang
Way, Kallang
Kallang
Pudding Road and Tannery Road The Siemens
Siemens
Centre, Infineon building Buses

MacPherson Northern Geylang MacPherson MRT station, Mattar MRT station, Canossa Convent Primary School, MacPherson Primary School, Aljunied
Aljunied
Park, MacPherson Community Club, MacPherson Neighbourhood Police Post MacPherson MRT station, Mattar MRT station
Mattar MRT station
and buses

Geylang
Geylang
East Southeast Geylang Paya Lebar
Paya Lebar
MRT station, Eunos MRT station, Paya Lebar
Paya Lebar
Square, SingPost Centre, One KM Mall, Haig Girls' School, Eunos Primary School, Geylang Serai Community Club, Kembangan- Chai Chee
Chai Chee
Community Club, Kampong Ubi Community Centre, Eunos Bus Interchange, Eunos Neighbourhood Police Post, Kampong Ubi
Kampong Ubi
Neighbourhood Police Post, Eunos Fire Post, the future Paya Lebar
Paya Lebar
Quarters, the future Wisma Geylang
Geylang
Serai Paya Lebar
Paya Lebar
MRT station, Eunos MRT station
Eunos MRT station
and buses

Kampong Ubi Northeast Geylang Ubi MRT station, Traffic Police Headquarters, Singapore
Singapore
Civil Defence Force (SCDF) Headquarters, Paya Lebar
Paya Lebar
Fire Station, Geylang Neighbourhood Police Centre, Maha Bodhi School, Manjusri Secondary School Ubi MRT station
Ubi MRT station
and buses

History[edit] See also: Prostitution in Singapore The development of Geylang
Geylang
can best be observed along the main trunk road, Geylang
Geylang
Road, that leads westwards towards the city. Micro-businesses founded by Malay, Indian and Chinese entrepreneurs seized start-up opportunities as mechanics in bicycle or motor repair workshops, suppliers of wood for making boats, houses, furniture and as merchants in iron, of floor and roofing tiles, in rubber and later plastics for all kinds of marine, industrial, factory and home use, including the mosaic of temples, mosques and churches in Geylang
Geylang
that have its roots serving local worshippers in search of spirituality and the divine. One of the distinctive hallmarks of Geylang
Geylang
architecture is the preservation of its shophouses used by the clan (kinship) associations, set up as a (first) point of contact for newcomers in the migrant wave between 1840 and 1940 for the purpose of integrating the newcomers into the ways and customs of locals. At present the Geylang
Geylang
neighbourhood accurately reflects demographic changes in Singapore
Singapore
(2011) where out of every four Singaporeans, one is a foreigner (Goh, Mar 2011 paper on PRC Immigrants', Social Work Dept, National University of Singapore). As a strategic and military outpost for the British, the sea lanes off the Straits of Malacca were important to be kept free from pirates and open for shipping. As the British expanded in influence and power, so Singapore
Singapore
stood in the gap between East and West interests as a natural deep-harbour destination that played host to the French, Portuguese, Dutch and other European navies and their men. Other seaports in Asia, from Shanghai to Calcutta, also played a role in the traffic of women and girls for prostitution. James Francis Warren has studied the death (coroner's) reports in that colonial era that attest to the lives of the Hokkien, Teochew and Hakka and other dialect groups cast out of the Chinese mainland due to famine and abject poverty. His research tells the story of illiterate Chinese migrants working as coolies and rickshaw pullers and gives a description of what life might have been for the poorest of the poor living in Singapore
Singapore
under the British and immediately before the Japanese Occupation. In his 2008 edition of Pirates, Prostitutes & Pullers, the author traces the roots of prostitution in Singapore
Singapore
and gives an explanation of the eastward shift of Singapore's red-light district from Chinatown that was east of the Singapore
Singapore
river, toward the Hylam Street–Beach Road locality where many Chinese, Japanese and European girls were pimped, and finally across the Kallang
Kallang
river to its present location. Warren's research describes the ethno-social background of prostitutes: young men and women who came to Singapore
Singapore
a hundred years ago, having little or no education, who could not converse, read or write in English and resorted to any and all means to survive the ravages of war, hunger and privation back in the country of origin. After the war, the heart of the city centre expanded rapidly outward with residential shophouses, hotels and restaurants making their mark on the history of this area including the Gay World amusement park situated just outside the main gate of the old Kallang
Kallang
airport. Remnants of this pre-war history survive to this day that can be seen in the stereotypical Singapore
Singapore
shophouses along and just off the main Geylang
Geylang
thoroughfare. It is in this context of the Asian settlers that stumbled off boats and sampans into mosques, temples and churches to give thanks for journey mercies, that the history of Geylang's red-light district must be[according to whom?] read and understood. Peter Neville, British author of The Rose of Singapore
Singapore
(Monsoon, 2006) writes a novel of Lai Meng, a once famous prostitute in the Geylang area, who falls in love with an R.A.F. serviceman and through marriage crosses over and out of the street communities that were off-limits to the British troops stationed in Singapore
Singapore
during the second world war. The detailed account of life in Geylang
Geylang
during and immediately after the war, the visits to Haw Par Villa, the types of food and services available among the main truck road toward Changi
Changi
and all of its varied businesses (including the sex trade) stands at back of the reasons why prostitution, while officially illegal and outlawed in the Singapore
Singapore
constitution, is nevertheless seen as an accessible, public expedient and necessarily so in view of the large numbers of single male foreign workers and expatriates on the island. Geylang
Geylang
Serai[edit] 1900s A terminal for the first tramway in Singapore
Singapore
was then built in Geylang
Geylang
Serai while the famers staying there already shifted to cultivate other cash crops, including rubber and coconuts.[5] Meanwhile, with the intensified urbanisation, the rural community in Geylang
Geylang
Serai, where the price of land was low, was turned into a suburb. 1940s During the occupation by Japanese in World war 2 (1942 to 1945), Geylang
Geylang
Serai was severely damaged and the shortages of food arisen afterwards led to the replacement of the plantations of coconut and rubber by those of tapioca, which gave Geylang
Geylang
Serai the name, Kampong Ubi (tapioca in Malay).[6] With the end of Japanese occupation, Geylang
Geylang
Serai saw a rise in population and more areas were occupied. The inflow of more Malay and outflow of Chinese changed the demographic of Geylang
Geylang
serai which turned into predominantly a Malay community ever since.[7] 1960s In 1963, the Housing and Development Board
Housing and Development Board
(HDB) initiated The Geylang
Geylang
Serai Housing Redevelopment Scheme which was carried out in three phases, investing a sum of 3.8 million SGD for the renewal of the region.[8] Under the scheme, Many HDB flats and new facilities were constructed, including Taj cinema, Concourse, light industrial properties, shopping malls and Geylang
Geylang
Serai market.[9] 1980s the old kampungs in the region vanished and Geylang
Geylang
Serai turned into a modern residential district. 2000s In tandem with the urbanization of the region, the importance of preservation of Malay cultural heritage was recognized by the government. Under the Masterplan of 2008 by the Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA), the development of the Paya Lebar
Paya Lebar
Central, within which Geylang
Geylang
Serai is situated, into a centre characterised with a distinct cultural identity was confirmed. Until now, Geylang
Geylang
Serai market is still one of the busiest and largest wet markets in Singapore, offering many Indian-Muslim and Malay dishes as well as a large variety of spices and ingredient for making of traditional Malay cuisine, such as cinnamon and nutmeg. Infrastructure[edit] The Geylang
Geylang
area is composed of north and south sections that are divided by Geylang Road
Geylang Road
which stretches for about three kilometres. Throughout the length of Geylang
Geylang
Road, there are lanes (or "lorongs" in the local Malay language) that extend perpendicularly from the main road. The lanes in the north are given odd numbered names (i.e. Lorong 1, Lorong 3, Lorong 5 and so on), and the lanes in the south are given even numbered names (i.e. Lorong 2, Lorong 4, Lorong 6 and so on). Partly untouched by urban projects and developments and so far spared by the gentrification process that has changed the face of Singapore since the 1970s, Geylang's combination of shophouse scenery and hectic day and night life, including foreign workers quarters and karaoke lounges provides an alternative view of elements the rest of modern Singapore
Singapore
generally does not have. Shophouses along Geylang Road
Geylang Road
are protected from redevelopment, and many restaurants have sprung up along this major road. Geylang
Geylang
is also known for its durian shops. Transport[edit] Roads[edit] The following roads link Geylang
Geylang
with other parts of Singapore:

Sims Avenue links Kallang
Kallang
to Geylang; Geylang Road
Geylang Road
links Geylang
Geylang
to Kallang; Guillemard Road connects Kallang
Kallang
and Geylang; Upper Aljunied
Aljunied
Road connects the upcoming Bidadari estate with Geylang; Upper Paya Lebar
Paya Lebar
Road links Geylang, Serangoon
Serangoon
and Hougang; Airport Road connects Paya Lebar
Paya Lebar
and Geylang; Sims Avenue East is the eastern continuation of Sims Avenue and links Geylang
Geylang
to Bedok; Changi Road connects Bedok
Bedok
to Geylang; Tanjong Katong
Katong
Road links Geylang
Geylang
and Marine Parade; Still Road connects Geylang
Geylang
and Marine Parade; Joo Chiat
Joo Chiat
Road links Geylang
Geylang
and Katong.

The following expressways pass through Geylang:

Pan Island Expressway
Pan Island Expressway
(PIE) connects Geylang
Geylang
with Changi
Changi
Airport, Tampines, Bedok, Kallang, Toa Payoh, Clementi, Jurong East, Jurong West and Tuas; Kallang- Paya Lebar
Paya Lebar
Expressway (KPE) connects Geylang
Geylang
with Kallang, Hougang, Sengkang
Sengkang
and Punggol.

Major roads within Geylang
Geylang
Planning Area include Aljunied
Aljunied
Road, Kallang
Kallang
Way, Paya Lebar
Paya Lebar
Road, Geylang East
Geylang East
Central, Ubi Avenue 2 and Circuit Road. Trains[edit] There are eight Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) stations that serve Geylang Planning Area:

 EW7  Eunos  EW8  CC9  Paya Lebar  EW9  Aljunied  CC7  Mountbatten  CC8  Dakota  CC10  DT26  MacPherson  DT25  Mattar  DT27  Ubi

Media[edit]

Living in Geylang, a 20-episode drama aired on MediaCorp Channel 8 in 1998. Pleasure Factory, a 2007 Singaporean-Thai docudrama film set in Geylang.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Geylang.

References[edit]

^ a b City Population - statistics, maps and charts Geylang ^ a b HDB Key Statistics FY 2014/2015 Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b " Singapore
Singapore
Residents by Planning Area/Subzone, 2015" (XLS). Singapore
Singapore
Department of Statistics.  ^ http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/infopedia/articles/SIP_747_2004-12-09.html ^ Hack, Karl. The Singapore
Singapore
Malay Community_Enclaves and Cultural Domains. PDF. UK: Open University. http://www.sabrizain.org/malaya/library/malayenclaves.pdf ^ Hack, Karl. The Singapore
Singapore
Malay Community_Enclaves and Cultural Domains. PDF. UK: Open University.http://www.sabrizain.org/malaya/library/malayenclaves.pdf ^ Cornelius, Vernon, -Takahama. " Geylang
Geylang
Serai." Singapore
Singapore
Infopedia. Accessed February 28, 2017. http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/infopedia/articles/SIP_747_2004-12-09.html. ^ Geylang." HDB. Accessed March 01, 2017. http://www.hdb.gov.sg/cs/infoweb/about-us/history/hdb- towns-your-home/geylang. ^ Chew, P. "NOSTALGIA_MY GOLDEN YEARS." Blogger (web log). Accessed February 28, 2017. http://pchew- nostalgia.blogspot.sg/2008/10/geylang-serai-as-it-was.html.

Peter K G Dunlop (2000), Street Names of Singapore, Who's Who Publishing, ISBN 981-4062-11-1 Victor R Savage, Brenda S A Yeoh (2003), Toponymics – A Study of Singapore
Singapore
Street Names, Eastern Universities Press, ISBN 981-210-205-1

v t e

Places in Singapore
Singapore
by region

Central

Alexandra Aljunied

Geylang

Ayer Rajah Balestier Bartley Bishan

Marymount Sin Ming

Bukit Timah Buona Vista

Holland Village one-north Ghim Moh

Chinatown

Clarke Quay Kreta Ayer Telok Ayer

Kallang

Bendemeer Geylang
Geylang
Bahru Kallang
Kallang
Bahru Kallang
Kallang
Basin Kolam Ayer Tanjong Rhu Mountbatten Old Airport Lavender Boon Keng

Katong Kent Ridge Kim Seng Little India

Farrer Park Jalan Besar

MacPherson Marina Bay

Esplanade Marina Bay Sands Marina Centre Marina East Marina South

Marine Parade Mount Faber Mount Vernon Museum Newton Novena Orchard Road

Dhoby Ghaut Emerald Hill Peranakan Place Tanglin

Outram Pasir Panjang Paya Lebar

Eunos Geylang
Geylang
East

Rochor-Kampong Glam

Bencoolen Bras Basah Bugis

Queenstown

Dover Commonwealth

Raffles Place River Valley Singapore
Singapore
River Southern Islands Tanjong Pagar

Shenton Way

Telok Blangah

Bukit Chandu Bukit Purmei HarbourFront Keppel Radin Mas Mount Faber

Tiong Bahru

Bukit Ho Swee Bukit Merah

Toa Payoh

Bidadari Bukit Brown Caldecott Hill Potong Pasir Thomson

Whampoa

St. Michael's

East

Bedok

Bedok
Bedok
Reservoir Chai Chee Kaki Bukit Tanah Merah

Changi

Changi
Changi
Bay Changi
Changi
East Changi
Changi
Village

East Coast Joo Chiat Kembangan Pasir Ris

Elias Lorong Halus Loyang

Siglap Tampines

Simei

Ubi

North

Central Catchment Nature Reserve Kranji Lentor Lim Chu Kang Mandai Sembawang Senoko Simpang Sungei Kadut Woodlands

Admiralty Innova Marsiling Woodgrove

Yishun

Chong Pang

North-East

Ang Mo Kio

Cheng San Chong Boon Kebun Baru Teck Ghee Yio Chu Kang

Hougang

Defu Kovan

Lorong Chuan North-Eastern Islands Punggol

Punggol
Punggol
Point Punggol
Punggol
New Town

Seletar Sengkang Serangoon

Serangoon
Serangoon
Gardens Serangoon
Serangoon
North

West

Boon Lay Bukit Batok

Bukit Gombak Hillview Guilin West East

Bukit Panjang Choa Chu Kang

Yew Tee

Clementi

Toh Tuck West Coast

Jurong East

Toh Guan International Business Park Teban Gardens Pandan Gardens Penjuru Yuhua Jurong Regional Centre Lake River Port

Jurong West

Hong Kah Taman Jurong Boon Lay Place Chin Bee Yunnan Central Kian Teck Safti Wenya

Lim Chu Kang Pioneer

Joo Koon Gul Circle Pioneer Sector

Tengah Tuas

Pioneer Soon Lee Tuas
Tuas
South

Western Islands Planning Area Western Water Catchment

v t e

Public housing in Singapore

Organisations

Housing and Development Board Ministry of National Development Singapore
Singapore
Improvement Trust

Building Programmes

Build-To-Order (HDB) Design, Build and Sell Scheme Home Ownership Scheme Selective En bloc Redevelopment Scheme Walk-in Selection

Upgrading Programmes

Home Improvement Programme Interim Upgrading Programme Lift Upgrading Programme Main Upgrading Programme Neighbourhood Renewal Programme

Other

Additional CPF Housing Grant Lease Buyback Scheme Pinnacle@Duxton Treelodge@Pungg

.