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Futurama
Futurama
is an American animated science fiction comedy series created by Matt Groening
Matt Groening
for the Fox Broadcasting Company. The series follows the adventures of a late-20th-century New York City pizza delivery boy, Philip J. Fry, who finds employment at Planet Express, an interplanetary delivery company in the retro-futuristic 31st century after being unwittingly cryogenically frozen for one thousand years. The series was envisioned by Groening in the mid-1990s while working on The Simpsons; he later brought David X. Cohen
David X. Cohen
aboard to develop storylines and characters to pitch the show to Fox. In the United States, the series aired on Fox from March 28, 1999, to August 10, 2003, before ceasing production. Futurama
Futurama
also aired in reruns on Cartoon Network's Adult Swim
Adult Swim
from 2003 to 2007, until the network's contract expired. It was revived in 2007 as four direct-to-video films; the last of which was released in early 2009. Comedy Central
Comedy Central
entered into an agreement with 20th Century Fox Television to syndicate the existing episodes and air the films as 16 new, half-hour episodes, constituting a fifth season.[1][2] In June 2009, producing studio 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
announced that Comedy Central had picked up the show for 26 new half-hour episodes, which began airing in 2010 and 2011.[3][4] The show was renewed for a seventh season, with the first half airing in June 2012 and the second set for mid-2013.[5][6] It was later revealed that the seventh season would be the final season, as Comedy Central
Comedy Central
announced that they would not be commissioning any further episodes. The series finale aired on September 4, 2013.[7] While Groening has said he will try to get it picked up by another network,[8] David X. Cohen
David X. Cohen
stated that the episode "Meanwhile" would be the last episode of season 7 and also the series finale.[9] A 42-minute audio-only episode featuring its original cast members was released on September 14, 2017, as an episode of The Nerdist Podcast
The Nerdist Podcast
entitled Futurama: Worlds of Tomorrow Presents, RADIORAMA!.[10] Throughout its run, Futurama
Futurama
has received critical acclaim. The show has been nominated for 17 Annie Awards and 12 Emmy Awards, winning seven of the former and six of the latter. It has also been nominated four times for a Writers Guild of America Award, winning two for the episodes "Godfellas" and "The Prisoner of Benda", been nominated for a Nebula Award
Nebula Award
and has received Environmental Media Awards for episodes "The Problem with Popplers" and "The Futurama
Futurama
Holiday Spectacular".[11] Futurama-related merchandise has also been released, including a tie-in comic book series, video games, calendars, clothes and figurines. In 2013, TV Guide
TV Guide
ranked Futurama
Futurama
as one of the top 60 Greatest TV Cartoons of All Time.[12]

Contents

1 Production

1.1 Development 1.2 Executive producers 1.3 Writing 1.4 Voice actors 1.5 Animation 1.6 Fox cancellation 1.7 Comedy Central
Comedy Central
revival 1.8 Comedy Central
Comedy Central
cancellation

2 Characters 3 Episodes 4 Setting 5 Themes 6 Hallmarks

6.1 Opening sequence 6.2 Language 6.3 Humor

7 Reception, legacy, and achievements

7.1 Success 7.2 Awards and nominations 7.3 Other honors

8 Other media

8.1 Comic books 8.2 Films 8.3 Video games

9 Broadcast 10 Merchandise 11 References 12 External links

Production[edit] Development[edit] The television network Fox expressed a strong desire in the mid-1990s for Matt Groening
Matt Groening
to create a new series, and he began conceiving Futurama
Futurama
during this period. In 1996, he enlisted David X. Cohen, then a writer and producer for The Simpsons, to assist in developing the show. The two spent time researching science fiction books, television shows, and films. When they pitched the series to Fox in April 1998, Groening and Cohen had composed many characters and story lines; Groening claimed they had gone "overboard" in their discussions.[13] Groening described trying to get the show on the air as "by far the worst experience of my grown-up life".[14] Fox ordered thirteen episodes. Immediately after, however, Fox feared the themes of the show were not suitable for the network and Groening and Fox executives argued over whether the network would have any creative input into the show.[15] With The Simpsons, the network has no input.[16] Fox was particularly disturbed by the concept of suicide booths, Doctor Zoidberg, and Bender's anti-social behavior.[17] Groening explains, "When they tried to give me notes on Futurama, I just said: 'No, we're going to do this just the way we did Simpsons.' And they said, 'Well, we don't do business that way anymore.' And I said, 'Oh, well, that's the only way I do business.'"[18] The episode "I, Roommate" was produced to address Fox's concerns, with the script written to their specifications.[17][19] Fox strongly disliked the episode, but after negotiations, Groening received the same independence with Futurama.[20] The name Futurama
Futurama
comes from a pavilion at the 1939 New York World's Fair. Designed by Norman Bel Geddes, the Futurama
Futurama
pavilion depicted how he imagined the world would look in 1959.[21] Many other titles were considered for the series, including "Aloha, Mars!" and "Doomsville", which Groening notes were "resoundly rejected, by everyone concerned with it".[22][23] It takes approximately six to nine months to produce an episode of Futurama.[24][25] The long production time results in several episodes being worked on simultaneously.[26] Executive producers[edit]

David X. Cohen
David X. Cohen
and Matt Groening
Matt Groening
at the Futurama
Futurama
panel of Comic-Con 2009.

Groening and Cohen served as executive producers and showrunners during the show's entire run, and also functioned as creative consultants. Ken Keeler
Ken Keeler
became an executive producer for Season 4 and subsequent seasons. Writing[edit] The planning for each episode began with a table meeting of writers, who discussed the plot ideas as a group. The writers are given index cards with plot points that they are required to use as the center of activity in each episode. A single staff writer wrote an outline and then produced a script. Once the first draft of a script was finished, the writers and executive producers called in the actors for a table read.[15] After this script reading, the writers collaborated to rewrite the script as a group before sending it to the animation team.[27] At this point the voice recording was also started and the script was out of the writers' hands.[25] The writing staff held three Ph.D.s, seven master's degrees, and cumulatively had more than 50 years at Harvard University. Series writer Patric M. Verrone
Patric M. Verrone
stated, "we were easily the most overeducated cartoon writers in history".[28] Voice actors[edit] See also: List of Futurama
Futurama
guest stars Futurama
Futurama
had eight main cast members. Billy West
Billy West
performed the voices of Philip J. Fry, Professor Farnsworth, Doctor Zoidberg, Zapp Brannigan and many other incidental characters. West auditioned for "just about every part", landing the roles of the Professor and Doctor Zoidberg.[29] Although West read for Fry, his friend Charlie Schlatter was initially given the role of Fry.[29] Due to a casting change, West was called back to audition again and was given the role. West claims that the voice of Fry is deliberately modeled on his own, so as to make it difficult for another person to replicate the voice.[29] Doctor Zoidberg's voice was based on Lou Jacobi
Lou Jacobi
and George Jessel.[30] The character of Zapp Brannigan
Zapp Brannigan
was originally created and intended to be performed by Phil Hartman.[29][30] Hartman insisted on auditioning for the role, and "just nailed it" according to Groening. Due to Hartman's death, West was given the role. West states that his version of Zapp Brannigan
Zapp Brannigan
was an imitation of Hartman and also "modeled after a couple of big dumb announcers I knew".[29][30] Katey Sagal
Katey Sagal
voiced Leela, and is the only member of the main cast to voice only one character. The role of Leela was originally assigned to Nicole Sullivan.[29] In an interview in June 2010, Sagal remarked that she did not know that another person was to originally voice Leela until many years after the show first began.[31] John DiMaggio
John DiMaggio
performed the voice of the robot Bender Bending Rodríguez and other, more minor, characters. Bender was the most difficult character to cast, as the show's creators had not decided what a robot should sound like.[32] DiMaggio originally auditioned for the role of Professor Farnsworth, using the voice he uses to perform Bender, and also auditioned for Bender using a different voice.[33] DiMaggio described Bender's voice as a combination of a sloppy drunk, Slim Pickens
Slim Pickens
and a character his college friend created named "Charlie the sausage-lover".[31] Phil LaMarr
Phil LaMarr
voices Hermes Conrad, his son Dwight, Ethan Bubblegum Tate, and Reverend Preacherbot. Lauren Tom
Lauren Tom
voiced Amy Wong, and Tress MacNeille voices Mom and various other characters. Maurice LaMarche voices Kif Kroker and several supporting characters. LaMarche won the Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Voice-Over Performance in 2011 for his performances as Lrrr and Orson Welles
Orson Welles
in the episode "Lrrreconcilable Ndndifferences".[34] David Herman voiced Scruffy and various supporting characters. During seasons 1–4, LaMarche is billed as supporting cast and Tom, LaMarr and Herman billed as guest stars, despite appearing in most episodes. LaMarche was promoted to main cast and Tom, LaMarr and Herman to supporting cast in Season 5, and promoted again to main cast in Season 6.

Main cast members

Billy West Katey Sagal John DiMaggio Tress MacNeille Maurice LaMarche Lauren Tom Phil LaMarr David Herman

Phillip Fry, Professor Farnsworth, Doctor Zoidberg, Zapp Brannigan, various Leela Bender, various Mom, various Kif Kroker, various Amy Wong, various Hermes Conrad, various Scruffy, various

In addition to the main cast, Frank Welker
Frank Welker
voiced Nibbler and Kath Soucie voiced Cubert and several supporting and minor characters. Like The Simpsons, many episodes of Futurama
Futurama
feature guest voices from a wide range of professions, including actors, entertainers, bands, musicians, and scientists. Many guest-stars voiced supporting characters, although many voiced themselves, usually as their own head preserved in a jar. Recurring guest stars included Dawnn Lewis
Dawnn Lewis
(as Hermes' wife LaBarbara), Tom Kenny, Dan Castellaneta
Dan Castellaneta
(as the Robot Devil), Al Gore, and George Takei, among others. Animation[edit]

Computer-generated explosion

Rough Draft Studios animated Futurama. The studio would receive the completed script of an episode and create a storyboard consisting of more than 100 drawings. It would then produce a pencil-drawn animatic with 1,000 frames. Rough Draft's sister studio in South Korea would render the 30,000-frame finished episode.[15] In addition to traditional cartoon drawing, Rough Draft Studios often used CGI for fast or complex shots, such as the movement of spaceships, explosions, nebulae, large crowds, and snow scenes. The opening sequence was entirely rendered in CGI. The CGI was rendered at 24 frames per second (as opposed to hand-drawn often done at 12 frames per second) and the lack of artifacts made the animation appear very smooth and fluid. CGI characters looked slightly different due to spatially "cheating" hand-drawn characters by drawing slightly out of proportion or off-perspective features to emphasize traits of the face or body, improving legibility of an expression. PowerAnimator
PowerAnimator
was used to draw the comic-like CGI.[35] The series began high-definition production in season 5, with Bender's Big Score. The opening sequence was re-rendered and scaled to adapt to the show's transition to 16:9 widescreen format. For the final episode of season 6, Futurama
Futurama
was completely reanimated in three different styles: the first segment of the episode features black-and-white Fleischer- and Walter Lantz-style animation, the second was drawn in the style of a low-resolution video game, and the final segment was in the style of Japanese anime.[36] Fox cancellation[edit] Groening and Cohen wanted Futurama
Futurama
to be shown at 8:30 pm on Sunday, following The Simpsons. The Fox network disagreed, opting instead to show two episodes in the Sunday night lineup before moving the show to a regular time slot on Tuesday.[37] Beginning with its second broadcast season Futurama
Futurama
was again placed in the 8:30 Sunday spot,[38] but by mid-season the show was moved again, this time to 7:00 pm on Sunday, its third position in under a year.[39] Even by the fourth season Futurama
Futurama
was still being aired erratically.[40] Due to being regularly pre-empted by sporting events, it became difficult to predict when new episodes would air. This erratic schedule resulted in Fox not airing several episodes that had been produced for seasons three and four, instead holding them over for a fifth broadcast season. According to Groening, Fox executives were not supporters of the show.[41] Although Futurama
Futurama
was never officially canceled, midway through the production of the fourth season, Fox decided to stop buying episodes of Futurama, letting it go out of production before the fall 2003 lineup.[42][43] In 2002, the Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
acquired syndication rights to Futurama and Family Guy, another animated show Fox had canceled, for its Adult Swim block. The run on Adult Swim
Adult Swim
revived interest in both series, and when Family Guy
Family Guy
found success in direct-to-DVD productions, Futurama's producers decided to try the same.[44][45] In 2005, Comedy Central entered negotiations to take over the syndication rights, during which they discussed the possibility of producing new episodes. In 2006, it was announced that four straight-to-DVD films would be produced, and later split into 16 episodes comprising a fifth season of the show.[46] Since no new Futurama
Futurama
projects were in production at the time of release, the final movie release Into the Wild Green Yonder was designed to stand as the Futurama
Futurama
series finale. However, Groening had expressed a desire to continue the franchise in some form, including as a theatrical film.[47] In an interview with CNN, Groening said that "we have a great relationship with Comedy Central
Comedy Central
and we would love to do more episodes for them, but I don't know... We're having discussions and there is some enthusiasm but I can't tell if it's just me."[48] Comedy Central
Comedy Central
revival[edit] In June 2009, 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
announced that Comedy Central
Comedy Central
had picked up the show for 26 new half-hour episodes that began airing on June 24, 2010.[49][50][51] The returning writing crew was smaller than the original crew.[52] It was originally announced that main voice actors West, DiMaggio, and Sagal would return as well, but on July 17, 2009, it was announced that a casting notice was posted to replace the entire cast when 20th Century Fox Television
20th Century Fox Television
would not meet their salary demands.[53] The situation was later resolved, and the entire original voice-cast returned for the new episodes. Near the end of a message from Maurice LaMarche
Maurice LaMarche
sent to members of the "Save the Voices of Futurama" group on Facebook, LaMarche announced that the original cast would be returning for the new episodes.[54] The Toronto Star
Toronto Star
confirmed, announcing on their website that the original cast of Futurama
Futurama
signed contracts with Fox to return for 26 more episodes.[55] Similarly, an email sent to fans from Cohen and Groening reported that West, Sagal, DiMaggio, LaMarche, MacNeille, Tom, LaMarr, and Herman would all be returning for the revival.[56] Cohen told Newsday
Newsday
in August 2009 that the reported 26-episode order means "[i]t will be up to 26. I can't guarantee it will be 26. But I think there's a pretty good chance it'll be exactly 26. Fox has been a little bit cagey about it, even internally. But nobody's too concerned. We're plunging ahead".[57] Two episodes were in the process of being voice-recorded at that time, with an additional "six scripts ... in the works, ranging in scale from 'it's a crazy idea that someone's grandmother thought of' to 'it's all on paper'.[57] When Futurama
Futurama
aired June 24, 2010, on Comedy Central, it helped the network to its highest-rated night in 2010 and its highest-rated Thursday primetime in the network's history.[58] In March 2011, it was announced that Futurama
Futurama
had been renewed for a seventh season, consisting of at least 26 episodes, scheduled to air in 2012 and 2013.[5][6] The first episode of season 7 premiered June 20, 2012, on Comedy Central.[59] In July 2011, it was reported that the show had been picked up for syndication by both local affiliates and WGN America. Broadcast of old episodes began in September 2011.[60] On September 19, 2011, WGN America began re-running Futurama, and now airs the series weeknights during the overnight hours, and once on Saturday nights.[61] Futurama has since doubled its viewership in syndication.[62] Due to the uncertain future of the series, there have been four designated series finales. "The Devil's Hands Are Idle Playthings", Into the Wild Green Yonder, and "Overclockwise" have all been written to serve as a final episode for the show.[63][64] The episode "Meanwhile" currently stands as the show's official series finale. Comedy Central
Comedy Central
cancellation[edit] See also: Meanwhile (Futurama) Comedy Central
Comedy Central
announced in April 2013 that they would be airing the final episode on September 4, 2013.[65] The producers said that they are exploring options for the future of the series as "[they] have many more stories to tell", but would gauge fan reaction to the news.[66] Groening and Cohen have previously expressed a desire to produce a theatrical film or another direct-to-video film upon conclusion of the series.[67] In an August 2013 interview with Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, Katey Sagal said regarding the series finale, "So I don't believe it... I just hold out hope for it because it has such a huge fan base, it's such a smart show, and why wouldn't somebody want to keep making that show; so that's my thought, I'm just in denial that it's over". Sagal also mentioned during the same interview that Groening told her at Comic-Con that "we'll find a place" and "don't worry, it's not going to end" (in Sagal's words).[68] The Simpsons
The Simpsons
episode "Simpsorama" is an official crossover with Futurama. It originally aired during the twenty-sixth season of The Simpsons on Fox on November 9, 2014, over a year after the series finale aired on Comedy Central.[69][70][71] Characters[edit] Further information: List of Futurama
Futurama
characters Futurama
Futurama
is essentially a workplace sitcom, the plot of which revolves around the Planet Express interplanetary delivery company and its employees,[72] a small group that largely fails to conform to future society.[73] Episodes usually feature the central trio of Fry, Leela, and Bender, though occasional storylines center on the other main characters.

Philip J. Fry
Philip J. Fry
(Billy West) – Fry is an immature, slovenly, yet good-hearted and sentimental pizza delivery boy who falls into a cryogenic pod, causing it to activate and freeze him just after midnight on January 1, 2000. He reawakens on New Year's Eve of 2999, and gets a job as a cargo delivery boy at Planet Express, a company owned by his only living relative, Professor Hubert J. Farnsworth. Fry's love for Leela is a recurring theme throughout the series. Turanga Leela (Katey Sagal) – Leela is the competent, one-eyed captain of the Planet Express Ship.[72] Abandoned as a baby, she grows up in the Cookieville Minimum Security Orphanarium believing herself to be an alien from another planet, but learns that she is actually a mutant from the sewers in the episode "Leela's Homeworld".[74] Prior to becoming the ship's captain, Leela works as a career assignment officer at the cryogenics lab where she first meets Fry. She is Fry's primary love interest and eventually becomes his wife. Her name is a reference to the Turangalîla-Symphonie
Turangalîla-Symphonie
by Olivier Messiaen.[75] Bender Bending Rodriguez (John DiMaggio) – Bender is a foul-mouthed, heavy-drinking, cigar-smoking, kleptomaniacal, misanthropic, egocentric, ill-tempered robot manufactured by Mom's Friendly Robot Company. He is originally programmed to bend girders for suicide booths, and is later designated as assistant sales manager and cook, despite lacking a sense of taste. He is Fry's best friend and roommate. He must drink heavily to power his fuel cells and becomes the robot equivalent of drunk when low on alcohol.[76] Professor Hubert J. Farnsworth (Billy West) – Professor Farnsworth, also known simply as "the Professor", is Fry's distant nephew.[77] Farnsworth founds Planet Express Inc. to fund his work as a mad scientist. Although he is depicted as a brilliant scientist and inventor, at more than one-hundred and sixty years old he is extremely prone to age-related forgetfulness and fits of temper. In the episode "A Clone of My Own", the Professor clones himself to produce a successor, Cubert Farnsworth (Voiced by Kath Soucie), whom he treats like a son. Dr. John A. Zoidberg
Zoidberg
(Billy West) – Zoidberg
Zoidberg
is a Decapodian, a lobster-like alien from the planet Decapod 10, and the neurotic staff physician of Planet Express. Although he claims to be an expert on humans, his knowledge of human anatomy and physiology is woefully inaccurate. Zoidberg's expertise seems to be with extra-terrestrial creatures. Homeless and penniless, he lives in the dumpster behind Planet Express. Although Zoidberg
Zoidberg
is depicted as being Professor Farnsworth's long-time friend he is held in contempt by everyone on the crew. Amy Wong
Amy Wong
(Lauren Tom) – Amy is an incredibly rich, blunt, spoiled, ditzy, and accident-prone long-term intern at Planet Express. She is an astrophysics student at Mars University and heiress to the western hemisphere of Mars. Born on Mars, she is ethnically Chinese and is prone to cursing in Cantonese
Cantonese
and using 31st-century slang. Her parents are the wealthy ranchers Leo and Inez Wong. She is promiscuous in the beginning of the series, but eventually enters a monogamous relationship with Kif Kroker. In the show's sixth season, she acquires her doctorate. Hermes Conrad
Hermes Conrad
(Phil LaMarr) – Hermes is the Jamaican accountant of Planet Express. A 36th-level bureaucrat (demoted to level 37 during the series) and proud of it, he is a stickler for regulation and enamored of the tedium of paperwork and bureaucracy. Hermes is also a former champion in Olympic Limbo, a sport derived from the popular party activity. He gave up limbo after the 2980 Olympics when a young fan, imitating him, broke his back and died. Hermes has a wife, LaBarbara, and a 12-year-old son, Dwight. Zapp Brannigan
Zapp Brannigan
(Billy West) – Zapp Brannigan
Zapp Brannigan
is the incompetent, extraordinarily vain captain of the DOOP starship Nimbus. Although Leela thoroughly detests him, Brannigan—a self-deluded ladies' man—pursues her relentlessly, often at great personal risk. He was originally going to be voiced by Phil Hartman, but Hartman died before production could begin.[29][30] Kif Kroker (Maurice LaMarche) – Zapp Brannigan's 4th Lieutenant and long-suffering personal assistant, Kif is a member of the amphibious species that inhabits the planet Amphibios 9. Although extremely timid, he eventually works up the courage to date Amy. Kif is often shown sighing in disgust at the nonsensical rantings of his commanding officer. Mom (Tress MacNeille) – Mom is the malevolent, foul-mouthed, cruel, and narcissistic owner of MomCorp, the thirty-first century's largest shipping and manufacturing company, with a monopoly on robots. In public, she maintains the image of a sweet, kindly old woman by speaking in stereotypically antiquated statements and wearing a mechanical fat suit. She occasionally launches insidious plans for world domination and corporate takeover. She has a romantic history with the Professor which left her bitter and resentful. She has three bumbling sons, Walt, Larry, and Igner (modeled after The Three Stooges), who do her bidding despite frequent abuse, and often infuriate her with their incompetence. In Bender's Game, it is revealed that Igner's father is Professor Farnsworth. Nibbler (Frank Welker) – Nibbler is Leela's pet Nibblonian, whom she rescues from an imploding planet and adopts in the episode "Love's Labours Lost in Space". Despite his deceptively cute exterior, Nibbler is actually a highly intelligent super-being whose race is responsible for maintaining order in the universe. He is revealed in "The Why of Fry" to have been directly responsible for Fry's cryogenic freezing. While the size of an average house cat, his race is capable of devouring much larger animals. He defecates dark matter, which until Bender's Game is used as fuel for space cruisers in the series.

Episodes[edit] Main article: List of Futurama
Futurama
episodes

Season Episodes Originally aired

First aired Last aired Network

1 13 March 28, 1999 (1999-03-28) November 14, 1999 (1999-11-14) Fox

2 19 November 21, 1999 (1999-11-21) December 3, 2000 (2000-12-03)

3 22 January 21, 2001 (2001-01-21) December 8, 2002 (2002-12-08)

4 18 February 10, 2002 (2002-02-10) August 10, 2003 (2003-08-10)

5 16 March 23, 2008 (2008-03-23) August 30, 2009 (2009-08-30) Comedy Central

6 26 13 June 24, 2010 (2010-06-24) November 21, 2010 (2010-11-21)

13 June 23, 2011 (2011-06-23) September 8, 2011 (2011-09-08)

7 26 13 June 20, 2012 (2012-06-20) August 29, 2012 (2012-08-29)

13 June 19, 2013 (2013-06-19) September 4, 2013 (2013-09-04)

Setting[edit]

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Futurama
Futurama
is set in New New York at the turn of the 31st century, in a time filled with technological wonders. The city of New New York has been built over the ruins of present-day New York City, which has become a catacomb like space that acts as New New York's sewer, referred to as "Old New York". Various devices and architecture are similar to the Populuxe style. Global warming, inflexible bureaucracy, and substance abuse are a few of the subjects given a 31st-century exaggeration in a world where the problems have become both more extreme and more common. Just as New York has become a more extreme version of itself in the future, other Earth locations are given the same treatment; Los Angeles, for example, is depicted as a smog-filled apocalyptic wasteland. Numerous technological advances have been made between the present day and the 31st century. The Head Museum, which keeps a collection of heads alive in jars and was invented by Ron Popeil (who has a guest cameo in "A Big Piece of Garbage"), has resulted in many historical figures and current celebrities being present, including Groening himself; this became the writers' device to feature and poke fun at contemporary celebrities in the show. Curiously, several of the preserved heads shown are those of people who were already dead well before the advent of this technology; one of the most prominent examples of this anomaly is Earth president Richard Nixon, who died in 1994 and appears in numerous episodes. The Internet, while being fully immersive and encompassing all senses — even featuring its own digital world (similar to Tron
Tron
or The Matrix) — is slow and largely consists of pornography, pop-up ads, and "filthy" (or Filthy Filthy) chat rooms. Some of it is edited to include educational material ostensibly for youth. Television is still a primary form of entertainment. Self-aware robots are a common sight, and are the main cause of global warming thanks to the exhaust from their alcohol-powered systems. The wheel is obsolete (no one but Fry even seems to recognize the design),[78] having been forgotten and replaced by hover cars and a network of large, clear pneumatic transportation tubes. Environmentally, common animals still remain, alongside mutated, cross-bred (sometimes with humans) and extraterrestrial animals. Ironically, spotted owls are often shown to have replaced rats as common household pests. Although rats still exist, sometimes rats act like pigeons, though pigeons still exist, as well. Pine trees, anchovies and poodles have been extinct for 800 years. Earth still suffers the effects of greenhouse gases, although in one episode Leela states that its effects have been counteracted by nuclear winter. In another episode, the effects of global warming have been somewhat mitigated by the dropping of a giant ice cube into the ocean, and later by pushing Earth farther away from the sun, which also extended the year by one week. Futurama's setting is a backdrop, and the writers are not above committing continuity errors if they serve to further the gags. For example, while the pilot episode implies that the previous Planet Express crew was killed by a space wasp, the later episode "The Sting" is based on the crew having been killed by space bees instead.[79] The "world of tomorrow" setting is used to highlight and lampoon issues of today and to parody the science fiction genre.[32] Themes[edit] Religion is a prominent part of society, although the dominant religions have evolved. A merging of the major religious groups of the 20th century has resulted in the First Amalgamated Church,[80] while Voodoo is now mainstream. New religions include Oprahism, Robotology, and the banned religion of Star Trek fandom. Religious figures include Father Changstein-El-Gamal, the Robot
Robot
Devil, Reverend Lionel Preacherbot, and passing references to the Space Pope, who appears to be a large crocodile-like creature. Several major holidays have robots associated with them, including the murderous Robot
Robot
Santa and Kwanzaa-bot. While very few episodes focus exclusively on religion within the Futurama
Futurama
universe, they do cover a wide variety of subjects including predestination, prayer, the nature of salvation, and religious conversion.[80] Hallmarks[edit] Opening sequence[edit] Much like the opening sequence in The Simpsons
The Simpsons
with its chalkboard, sax solo, and couch gags, Futurama
Futurama
has a distinctive opening sequence featuring minor gags. As the show begins, blue lights fill the screen and the Planet Express Ship
Planet Express Ship
flies across the screen with the title of the show being spelled out in its wake. Underneath the title is a joke caption such as "Painstakingly drawn before a live audience" or "When you see the robot: DRINK!"[81] After flying through downtown New New York and past various recurring characters, the Planet Express ship crashes into a large screen showing a short clip from a classic cartoon. These have included clips from Quasi at the Quackadero, Looney Tunes
Looney Tunes
shorts, cartoons produced by Max Fleischer, a short of The Simpsons
The Simpsons
from a Tracey Ullman
Tracey Ullman
episode,[82] the show's own opening sequence in "The Devil's Hands Are Idle Playthings" or a scene from the episode. Most episodes in Season 6 use an abridged opening sequence, omitting the brief clip of a classic cartoon. "That Darn Katz!", "Benderama" and "Yo Leela Leela" have been the only episodes since "Spanish Fry" to feature a classic cartoon clip. Several episodes begin with a cold opening before the opening sequence, although these scenes do not always correspond with the episode's plot. The opening sequence has been lampooned several times within the show, in episodes including "That's Lobstertainment!", "The Problem with Popplers", as "Future-roma" in "The Duh-Vinci Code" and as "Futurella" in "Lrrreconcilable Ndndifferences". Series director Scott Vanzo has remarked on the difficulty of animating the sequence. It took four to five weeks to fully animate the sequence, and it consists of over 80 levels of 3D animation composited together.[83] It takes approximately one hour to render a single frame, and each second of the sequence consists of around 30 frames.[84] Bender's Big Score
Bender's Big Score
has an extended opening sequence, introducing each of the main characters. In The Beast with a Billion Backs
The Beast with a Billion Backs
and Bender's Game the ship passes through the screen's glass and temporarily becomes part of the environment depicted therein—a pastiche of Disney's Steamboat Willie
Steamboat Willie
and Yellow Submarine respectively—before crashing through the screen glass on the way out. In Into the Wild Green Yonder, a completely different opening sequence involves a trip through a futuristic version of Las Vegas located on Mars. The theme tune is sung by Seth MacFarlane
Seth MacFarlane
and is different from the standard theme tune. The end of the film incorporates a unique variation of the opening sequence; as the Planet Express Ship
Planet Express Ship
enters a wormhole, it converts into a pattern of lights similar to the lights that appear in the opening sequence. The Futurama
Futurama
theme was created by Christopher Tyng. The theme is played on the tubular bells but is occasionally remixed for use in specific episodes, including a version by the Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
used for the episode "Hell Is Other Robots", in which they guest starred.[81] The theme also samples a drum break originating from "Amen, Brother" by American soul group The Winstons; however, the drum break is replaced in Season 6. A remixed rendition of the theme is used in Season 5, which features altered instruments and a lower pitch. Season 6 also uses this remix, but it has been reduced again in pitch and tempo. The theme has been noted for its similarities to Pierre Henry's 1967 Psyché Rock.[85] It was originally intended for the Futurama
Futurama
theme to be remixed in every episode.[86] This was first trialled in the opening sequence for " Mars
Mars
University", however it was realized upon broadcast that the sound did not transmit well through most television sets and the idea was subsequently abandoned.[87] Despite this, beatbox renditions of the theme performed by Billy West
Billy West
and John DiMaggio
John DiMaggio
are used for the episodes "Bender Should Not Be Allowed on TV" and "Spanish Fry". Language[edit]

Alien Language 1 and its equivalent Latin
Latin
characters

There are three alternative alphabets that appear often in the background of episodes, usually in the forms of graffiti, advertisements, or warning labels. Nearly all messages using alternative scripts transliterate directly into English. The first alphabet consists of abstract characters and is referred to as Alienese,[74] a simple substitution cipher from the Latin alphabet.[88] The second alphabet uses a more complex modular addition code, where the "next letter is given by the summation of all previous letters plus the current letter".[89] The codes often provide additional jokes for fans dedicated enough to decode the messages.[32] The third language sometimes used is Hebrew. Aside from these alphabets, most of the displayed wording on the show uses the Latin alphabet. Several English expressions have evolved since the present day. For example, the word Christmas has been replaced with Xmas (pronounced "ex-mas"), and the word ask with aks (pronounced axe). According to David X. Cohen
David X. Cohen
it is a running joke that the French language is extinct in the Futurama
Futurama
universe (though the culture remains alive), much like Latin
Latin
is in the present.[90] In the French dubbing of the show, German is used as the extinct language instead. Humor[edit] Although the series uses a wide range of styles of humor, including self-deprecation, black comedy, off-color humor, slapstick, and surreal humor, its primary source of comedy is its satirical depiction of everyday life in the future and its parodical comparisons to the present.[72] Groening notes that, from the show's conception, his goal was to make what was, on the surface, a goofy comedy that would have underlying "legitimate literary science fiction concepts".[91] The series contrasted "low culture" and "high culture" comedy; for example, Bender's catchphrase is the insult "Bite my shiny metal ass" while his most terrifying nightmare is a vision of the number 2, a joke referring to the binary numeral system (Fry assures him, "there's no such thing as two").[72] The series developed a cult following partially due to the large number of in-jokes it contains, most of which are aimed at "nerds".[72] In commentary on the DVD releases, David X. Cohen
David X. Cohen
points out and sometimes explains his "nerdiest joke[s]".[92] These included mathematical jokes — such as "Loew's

0

displaystyle aleph _ 0

-plex" (aleph-null-plex) movie theater,[92] — as well as various forms of science humor — for example, Professor Farnsworth, at a racetrack, complains about the use of a quantum finish to decide the winner, exclaiming "No fair! You changed the outcome by measuring it", a reference to the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle.[72][93] In the season six episode "Law and Oracle", Fry and the robot peace officer URL track down a traffic violator who turns out to be Erwin Schrödinger, the 20th-century quantum physicist. On the front seat of the car is a box, and when questioned about the contents, Schrödinger replies "A cat, some poison, and a cesium atom". Fry asks if the cat is alive or dead, and Schrödinger answers "It's a superposition of both states until you open the box and collapse the wave function." When Fry opens the box, the cat jumps out and attacks him. The run is a reference to the Schrödinger's cat thought experiment of quantum mechanics. The series makes passing references to quantum chromodynamics (the appearance of Strong Force-brand glue),[94] computer science (two separate books in a closet labeled P and NP respectively, referring to the possibility that P and NP-complete problem classes are distinct),[95] electronics (an X-ray — or more accurately, an "F-ray" — of Bender's head reveals a 6502 microprocessor),[96] and genetics (a mention of Bender's "robo- or R-NA").[97] The show often features subtle references to classic science fiction. These are most often to Star Trek — many soundbites are used in homage[72] — but also include the reference to the origin of the word robot made in the name of the robot-dominated planet Chapek 9,[98] and the black rectangular monolith labeled "Out of Order" in orbit around Jupiter (a reference to Arthur C. Clarke's Space Odyssey series).[99] Bender and Fry sometimes watch a television show called The Scary Door, a humorous parody of The Twilight Zone.[100] Journalist/critic Frank Lovece
Frank Lovece
in Newsday
Newsday
contrasted the humor tradition of Groening's two series, finding that, " The Simpsons
The Simpsons
echoes the strains of American-Irish vaudeville humor — the beer-soaked, sneaking-in-late-while-the-wife's-asleep comedy of Harrigan and Hart, McNulty and Murray, the Four Cohans
Four Cohans
(which, yes, included George M.) and countless others: knockabout yet sentimental, and ultimately about the bonds of blood family. Futurama, conversely, stems from Jewish-American humor, and not just in the obvious archetype of Dr. Zoidberg. From vaudeville to the Catskills to Woody Allen, it's that distinctly rueful humor built to ward away everything from despair to petty annoyance — the 'You gotta do what you gotta do' philosophy that helps the 'Futurama' characters cope in a mega-corporate world where the little guy is essentially powerless."[57] Animation maven Jerry Beck concurred: "I'm Jewish, and I know what you're saying. Fry has that [type of humor], Dr. Zoidberg, all the [vocal artist] Billy West
Billy West
characters. I see it. The bottom line is, the producers are trying to make sure the shows are completely different entities."[57] Reception, legacy, and achievements[edit] Success[edit] Futurama's 7:00 pm Sunday timeslot caused the show to often be pre-empted by sports and usually have a later than average season premiere. It also allowed the writers and animators to get ahead of the broadcast schedule so that episodes intended for one season were not aired until the following season. By the beginning of the fourth broadcast season, all the episodes to be aired that season had already been completed and writers were working at least a year in advance.[25] When Futurama
Futurama
debuted in the Fox Sunday night line-up at 8:30 pm between The Simpsons
The Simpsons
and The X-Files
The X-Files
on March 28, 1999, it managed 19 million viewers, tying for 11th overall in that week's Nielsen ratings.[101] The following week, airing at the same time, Futurama drew 14.2 million viewers. The third episode, the first airing on Tuesday, drew 8.85 million viewers.[102] Though its ratings were well below The Simpsons, the first season of Futurama
Futurama
rated higher than competing animated series: King of the Hill, Family Guy, Dilbert, South Park, and The PJs.[103] When Futurama
Futurama
was effectively canceled in 2003, it had averaged 6.4 million viewers for the first half of its fourth broadcast season.[104] In late 2002, Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
acquired exclusive cable syndication rights to Futurama
Futurama
for a reported ten million dollars.[105] In January 2003,[105] the network began airing Futurama
Futurama
episodes as the centerpiece to the expansion of their Adult Swim
Adult Swim
cartoon block. In October 2005, Comedy Central
Comedy Central
picked up the cable syndication rights to air Futurama's 72-episode run at the start of 2008, following the expiration of Cartoon Network's contract.[106] A Comedy Central
Comedy Central
teaser trailer announced the return of Futurama
Futurama
March 23, 2008,[107] which was Bender's Big Score
Bender's Big Score
divided into four episodes followed by the other three movies. The series also airs in syndication in many countries around the world.[citation needed] On June 24, 2010, the season six premiere, "Rebirth", drew 2.92 million viewers in the 10 pm timeslot on Comedy Central.[108] The second episode of the sixth season, "In-A-Gadda-Da-Leela", aired at 10:30 pm, immediately following the season premiere. "In-A-Gadda-Da-Leela" drew 2.78 million viewers.[108] This was the series' premiere on the network, with original episodes—the fifth season had previously aired on the network, but it had originally been released in the form of the four direct-to-video films. Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Award Category Nominee Result

1999 Annie Awards Outstanding Achievement in an Animated Television Program[109] Futurama Nominated

Outstanding Individual Achievement for Writing in an Animated Television Production[109] Ken Keeler
Ken Keeler
for "The Series Has Landed" Nominated

Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Animated Program[110] For "A Big Piece of Garbage" Nominated

2000 Annie Awards Outstanding Individual Achievement for Directing in an Animated Television Production[111] Brian Sheesley for "Why Must I Be a Crustacean in Love?" Won

Outstanding Achievement in a Primetime or Late Night Animated Television Program[111] Futurama Nominated

Outstanding Individual Achievement for Directing in an Animated Television Production[111] Susie Dietter for "A Bicyclops Built for Two" Nominated

Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Individual Achievement in Animation[110] Bari Kumar (color stylist) for "A Bicyclops Built for Two" Won

Environmental Media Awards TV Episodic – Comedy[112] For "The Problem with Popplers" Won

2001 Annie Awards Outstanding Individual Achievement for Voice Acting by a Male Performer in an Animated Television Production[113] John DiMaggio
John DiMaggio
as Bender for "Bendless Love" Won

Outstanding Individual Achievement for Writing in an Animated Television Production[113] Ron Weiner for "The Luck of the Fryrish" Won

Outstanding Achievement in a Primetime or Late Night Animated Television Production[113] Futurama Nominated

Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Individual Achievement in Animation[110] Rodney Clouden (storyboard artist) for "Parasites Lost" Won

Outstanding Animated Program[110] For "Amazon Women in the Mood" Nominated

2002 Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Animated Program[110] For "Roswell That Ends Well" Won

Annie Awards Outstanding Directing in an Animated Television Production[114] Rich Moore
Rich Moore
for "Roswell That Ends Well" Won

Best Animated Television Production[114] Futurama Nominated

2003 Annie Awards Music in an Animated Television Production[115] Ken Keeler
Ken Keeler
for "The Devil's Hands Are Idle Playthings" Nominated

Writing in an Animated Television Production[115] Patric Verrone
Patric Verrone
for "The Sting" Nominated

Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Animated Program[110] For "Jurassic Bark" Nominated

Writers Guild of America Award Animation Ken Keeler
Ken Keeler
for "Godfellas" Won

2004 Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Animated Program[110] For "The Sting" Nominated

Outstanding Music and Lyrics For the song "I Want My Hands Back" in "The Devil's Hands Are Idle Playthings" Nominated

Nebula
Nebula
Award Best Script[116] David A. Goodman
David A. Goodman
for "Where No Fan Has Gone Before" Nominated

Writers Guild of America Award Animation Patric Verrone
Patric Verrone
for "The Sting" Nominated

2007 Annie Awards Best Home Entertainment Production[117] For Bender's Big Score Won

2008 Annie Awards Best Home Entertainment Production[118] For The Beast with a Billion Backs Won

2009 Annie Awards Best Home Entertainment Production[119] For Into the Wild Green Yonder Won

2010 Annie Awards Best Animated Television Production[120] Futurama Nominated

Outstanding Writing in an Animated Television Production[120] Michael Rowe Nominated

2011 Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Animated Program[110] For "The Late Philip J. Fry" Won

Outstanding Voice-Over Performance[110] Maurice LaMarche
Maurice LaMarche
as Lrrr and Orson Welles
Orson Welles
in "Lrrreconcilable Ndndifferences" Won

Annie Awards Best Writing in an Animated Television Production Josh Weinstein
Josh Weinstein
for "All the Presidents' Heads" Nominated

Editing in Television Production Paul D. Calder Nominated

Environmental Media Awards TV Episodic – Comedy[112] For "The Futurama
Futurama
Holiday Spectacular" Won

Writers Guild of America Animation Ken Keeler
Ken Keeler
for "The Prisoner of Benda" Won

Patric Verrone
Patric Verrone
for "Lrrreconcilable Ndndifferences" Nominated

2012 Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Animated Program[110] For "The Tip of the Zoidberg" Nominated

Outstanding Voice-Over Performance[110] Maurice LaMarche
Maurice LaMarche
as Clamps, Donbot, Hyper-Chicken, Calculon, Hedonism Bot and Morbo in "The Silence of the Clamps" Won

Annie Awards Outstanding Achievement, Writing in an Animated Television or other Broadcast Venue Production[121] Eric Horsted for "The Bots and the Bees" Nominated

Writers Guild of America Animation Eric Rogers for "The Silence of the Clamps" Nominated

2013 Annie Awards Best General Audience Animated TV/Broadcast Production[122] Futurama Won

Writing in an Animated TV/Broadcast Production[122] Lewis Morton for "Murder on the Planet Express" Won

Outstanding Achievement, Editorial in an Animated TV/Broadcast Production[122] Paul D. Calder Nominated

Writers Guild of America Award Animation Josh Weinstein
Josh Weinstein
for "A Farewell to Arms" Nominated

2014 Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Animated Program[110] For "Meanwhile" Nominated

Outstanding Character Voice-Over Performance[110] Maurice LaMarche
Maurice LaMarche
as Calculon and Morbo in "Calculon 2.0" Nominated

Writers Guild of America Award Animation Lewis Morton for "Murder on the Planet Express" Nominated

Michael Rowe
Michael Rowe
for "Game of Tones" Nominated

Patric Verrone
Patric Verrone
for "Saturday Morning Fun Pit" Nominated

Other honors[edit] In January 2009, IGN
IGN
named Futurama
Futurama
as the eighth best in the "Top 100 Animated TV Series".[123] At the 2010 San Diego Comic-Con International, Guinness World Records presented Futurama
Futurama
with the record for "Current Most Critically Acclaimed Animated Series".[124] In 2014, WatchMojo.com ranked Futurama
Futurama
as the second best cartoon to have been cancelled.[125] In 2016, Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
ranked it as the thirtieth best science fiction television show ever.[126] Other media[edit] Comic books[edit] Main article: Futurama
Futurama
Comics First started in November 2000, Futurama Comics
Futurama Comics
is a comic book series published by Bongo Comics based in the Futurama
Futurama
universe.[127] While originally published only in the US, a UK, German and Australian version of the series is also available.[128] In addition, three issues were published in Norway. Other than a different running order and presentation, the stories are the same in all versions. While the comics focus on the same characters in the Futurama
Futurama
fictional universe, the comics may not be canonical as the events portrayed within them do not necessarily have any effect upon the continuity of the show. Like the TV series, each comic (except US comic #20) has a caption at the top of the cover. For example: "Made In The USA! (Printed in Canada)." Some of the UK and Australian comics have different captions on the top of their comics (for example, the Australian version of #20 says "A 21st Century Comic Book" across the cover, while the US version does not have a caption on that issue). All series contain a letters page, artwork from readers, and previews of other upcoming Bongo comics. Films[edit] See also: Futurama
Futurama
(season 5) When Comedy Central
Comedy Central
began negotiating for the rights to air Futurama reruns, Fox suggested that there was a possibility of also creating new episodes. Negotiations were already underway with the possibility of creating two or three straight-to-DVD films. When Comedy Central committed to sixteen new episodes, it was decided that four films would be produced.[46] On April 26, 2006, Groening noted in an interview that co-creator David X. Cohen
David X. Cohen
and numerous writers from the original series would be returning to work on the movies.[129] All the original voice actors participated. In February 2007, Groening explained the format of the new stories: "[The crew is] writing them as movies and then we're going to chop them up, reconfigure them, write new material and try to make them work as separate episodes."[130] The first movie, Bender's Big Score, was written by Ken Keeler
Ken Keeler
and Cohen, and includes return appearances by the Nibblonians, Seymour, Barbados Slim, Robot
Robot
Santa, the "God" space entity, Al Gore, and Zapp Brannigan.[131] It was animated in widescreen and was released on standard DVD on November 27, 2007, with a possible Blu-ray Disc release to follow.[132] A release on HD DVD
HD DVD
was rumored but later officially denied. Futurama: Bender's Big Score
Bender's Big Score
was the first DVD release for which 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
implemented measures intended to reduce the total carbon footprint of the production, manufacturing, and distribution processes. Where it was not possible to completely eliminate carbon, output carbon offsets were used, thus making the complete process carbon neutral.[133] The second movie, The Beast with a Billion Backs, was released on June 24, 2008. The third movie, Bender's Game, was released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc[134] on November 3, 2008, in the UK, November 4, 2008, in the USA, and December 10, 2008, in Australia. The fourth movie, Into the Wild Green Yonder, was released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc
Blu-ray Disc
on February 24, 2009.[135] Video games[edit] Further information: Futurama
Futurama
(video game) Further information: Futurama: Worlds of Tomorrow On September 15, 2000, Unique Development Studios acquired the license to develop a Futurama
Futurama
video game for consoles and handheld systems. Fox Interactive
Fox Interactive
signed on to publish the game.[136] Sierra Entertainment later became the game's publisher, and it was released on August 14, 2003.[137] Versions are available for PlayStation 2
PlayStation 2
and Xbox, both of which use cel-shading technology. However, the game was subsequently canceled on the GameCube
GameCube
and Game Boy Advance
Game Boy Advance
in North America and Europe. Futurama: Worlds of Tomorrow was released for Android and iOS in 2017.[138] Broadcast[edit]

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Season No. of episodes Originally aired

Season premiere Season finale Time slot (ET) Network

1 1998–99 9 March 28, 1999 May 18, 1999 Sunday at 8:30 pm (Episodes 1–2) Tuesday at 8:30 pm (Episodes 3–9) Fox

2 1999–2000 20 September 26, 1999 May 21, 2000 Sunday at 8:30 pm (Episodes 1–8) Sunday at 7:00 pm (Episodes 9–20)

3 2000–01 15 November 5, 2000 May 13, 2001 Sunday at 7:00 pm

4 2001–02 12 December 9, 2001 April 21, 2002

5 2002–03 16 November 10, 2002 August 10, 2003

6 2010–11 26 June 24, 2010 September 8, 2011 Thursday at 10:00 pm (Episodes 1, 3–14, 16–26) Thursday at 10:30 pm (Episodes 2, 15) Comedy Central

7 2012–13 26 June 20, 2012 September 4, 2013 Wednesday at 10:00 pm (Episodes 1, 3–12, 14, 16–26) Wednesday at 10:30 pm (Episodes 2, 13, 15)

Futurama
Futurama
premiered and originally aired in the United States on the Fox network, March 28, 1999 – August 10, 2003. Adult Swim carried the series in the US January 1, 2003 – December 31, 2007, followed by Comedy Central
Comedy Central
March 23, 2008 – September 4, 2013. Syndicated broadcast of the series in the US began in Fall 2011.[139] Futurama
Futurama
began airing on Syfy
Syfy
on November 11, 2017. It has also aired on TBS for a short time[140] Canadian networks YTV, Teletoon at Night
Teletoon at Night
and Global Television broadcast Futurama
Futurama
March 28, 1999 – August 10, 2003.[citation needed] The series was broadcast in Australia on the following stations: Seven Network aired the series from December 2, 1999 – 2004, Fox8 from 2000–present, Network Ten
Network Ten
between 2005–2010, 2012–2014 and on Eleven January 11, 2011 – October 2017. Audiences in New Zealand received the series on the following stations: TV2 March 28, 1999 – 2005, the BOX from 2000–2010, C4 from 2005–2011, Comedy Central
Comedy Central
between 2010–present, on Four from 2011–2013 and Duke (2017-present). Futurama
Futurama
currently airs in Ireland on networks 3e, Comedy Central, Pick and Sky1. The series was carried by the following networks in the United Kingdom: Sky1
Sky1
from September 21, 1999 – present, Channel 4
Channel 4
from 2000–2006, FX UK
FX UK
from 2004–2005, Sky Living
Sky Living
from 2005, Sky Two (until 2016), and Pick from 2006–2016. The series is shown on Fox in Latin
Latin
America and in the Caribbean. Merchandise[edit]

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While relatively uncommon, several action and tin figurines of various characters and items from the show have been made and are being sold by various hobby/online stores. When the show was initially licensed, plans were made with Rocket USA to produce wind-up, walking tin figurines of both Bender and Nibbler with packaging artwork done by the original artists for the series.[141] The Bender toy included a cigar and bottle of "Olde Fortran Malt Liquor" and featured moving eyes, antenna, and a functioning compartment door; it received an "A" rating from Sci Fi Weekly.[142] A can of Slurm actually contains a deck of cards featuring the Planet Express crew as the face cards. A two-deck pack of cards was also released. I-Men released five two-packs of 2.5-inch (64 mm) high figures: Fry and Calculon; Zoidberg
Zoidberg
and Morbo; Professor Farnsworth
Professor Farnsworth
and URL; Robot
Robot
Devil and Bender; Leela and Roberto. Each figure comes with a corresponding collectable coin that can also double as a figure stand. The collectible releases include a set of bendable action figures, including Lieutenant Kif Kroker, Turanga Leela, and Bender. There have also been a few figures released by Moore Action Collectibles, including Fry, Turanga Leela, Bender, and the Planet Express Ship. In late 2006, Rocket USA brought out a limited edition "super" heavyweight die-cast Bender. Another special edition Bender figure was released at the San Diego Comic Con (SDCC) in 2006; the figure was called "Glorious Golden Bender". Toynami produced new Futurama
Futurama
figures.[143] The first series of the Toynami figures is separated into 3 waves: wave one, released in September 2007, featured Fry and Zoidberg; wave two, released in January 2008, consisted of Leela and Zapp (who comes with Richard Nixon's head-in-a-jar); the third wave, released in June 2008, includes Bender and Kif. Each figure comes with a build-a-figure piece to assemble the Robot
Robot
Devil. The second series of Toynami figures includes Captain Yesterday (A Fry variant from "Less Than Hero") and Nudar in the first wave. The second wave includes Super-King (Bender from "Less Than Hero") and Calculon, and the third wave includes Clobberella (Leela from "Less Than Hero") and Amy Wong. The figures in series 2 include pieces to build Robot
Robot
Santa. The third, and current, series of the Toynami line includes Professor Farnsworth
Professor Farnsworth
(who comes with Nibbler), and Hermes. Wave 2 was released in February 2010 and includes Chef Bender and Mom, who comes with a removable fat-suit. Series 3 figures come with pieces to build Roberto. Series 9 will include URL and Wooden Bender (from "Obsoletely Fabulous") and Series 10 will include Clamps and Joey Mousepad. Series 11 consists of The Donbot and Flexo. That wave will not have a specific Build A Bot character, planned Morbo. All figures feature multiple points of articulation and character-specific accessories. In August 2009 Kidrobot
Kidrobot
released 3-inch vinyl mini figurines of some of the cast. These are sold in "blind" box form and each comes with an accessory. Probability of receiving each of the characters is printed on the side, with two special mystery characters having unknown probabilities. 6-inch versions of some of the figures are also available as limited editions, but these are not sold as "blind" boxes. References[edit]

^ Topel, Fred (January 28, 2007). "Groening's Bargain to Yield Four Futurama
Futurama
Movies". Reuters. Archived from the original on April 16, 2008. Retrieved June 3, 2008.  ^ Wallenstein, Andrew (June 22, 2006). ""Futurama" gets new life on Comedy Central". Reuters. Archived from the original on November 6, 2006. Retrieved June 3, 2008.  ^ "Comedy Central's 'South Park,' 'Lil' Bush,' More to Return in March". August 2, 2007. Retrieved November 8, 2008.  ^ Josef Adalian and Vlada Gelman (February 2, 2010). "Things Are Looking Good for Another Season of Futurama". Vulture. Retrieved February 28, 2010.  ^ a b Hibberd, James (March 24, 2011). "'Futurama' renewed for two more years!". Retrieved March 24, 2011.  ^ a b "COMEDY CENTRAL® RENEWS "FUTURAMA" FOR 26 NEW EPISODES". March 29, 2011. Retrieved March 30, 2011.  ^ Dave Itzkoff (April 22, 2013). " Comedy Central
Comedy Central
Cancels 'Futurama'". The New York Times. Retrieved April 22, 2013.  ^ " Futurama
Futurama
axed again". 3 News NZ. April 23, 2013.  ^ ""'Futurama' Series Finale: David X. Cohen
David X. Cohen
Dishes If "Meanwhile" Is Really the End". September 4, 2013. Retrieved September 5, 2013.  ^ Snierson, Dan (September 8, 2017). " Futurama
Futurama
returns — but there's a twist". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved September 10, 2017.  ^ "21st Annual Environmental Media Awards". October 2011. Archived from the original on April 7, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2012.  ^ Rich Sands (September 24, 2013). " TV Guide
TV Guide
Magazine's 60 Greatest Cartoons of All Time". TVGuide.com.  ^ Needham, Alex (October 1999). "Nice Planet...We'll Take It!". The Face (33). Archived from the original on August 24, 2000.  ^ Doherty, Brian (March–April 1999). "Matt Groening". Mother Jones. Retrieved January 14, 2007.  ^ a b c Needham, Alex (October 1999). "Nice Planet...We'll Take It!". Archived from the original on August 24, 2000. Retrieved June 3, 2008.  ^ Snierson, Dan (March 26, 1999). "Space Case". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on August 24, 2000. Retrieved June 3, 2008.  ^ a b Cohen, David X.; Groening, Moore, Rich; Vanzo, Gregg; Horsted, Eric; Haaland, Bret; West, Billy (2002). Futurama: Volume One DVD commentary for the episode "I, Roommate" (DVD). 20th Century Fox. Matt Groening: Well, I think that's a good idea– I always wanted to have Bachelor Chow right now and so– this was– Anyway, the network really– really was freaked out by the show, the suicide booths– and lobster creatures and Bender being so anti-social and so– yeah, this was our show to tone things down. This script was written specifically to their specifications.  ^ "Groening Bites the Hand that Feeds". Mr. Showbiz. April 8, 1999. Archived from the original on August 24, 2000. Retrieved June 3, 2008.  ^ Cohen, David X.; Groening, Moore, Rich; Vanzo, Gregg; Horsted, Eric; Haaland, Bret; West, Billy (2002). Futurama: Volume One DVD commentary for the episode "I, Roommate" (DVD). 20th Century Fox. Matt Groening: This is the third episode in the series. And this is the series that– had a trouble beginning– with the Fox Network, who felt that the show was too outrageous and too much out of space. This was our attempt, the third episode, to bring the show back to Earth.  ^ Cohen, David X.; Groening, Moore, Rich; Vanzo, Gregg; Horsted, Eric; Haaland, Bret; West, Billy (2002). Futurama: Volume One DVD commentary for the episode "I, Roommate" (DVD). 20th Century Fox. Matt Groening: And their reaction, David? David X. Cohen: "Worst. Episode. Ever." Groening: Yeah, they really– they really hated this script, and — sorry, Eric — and this was the point at which, we decided we wanted to do the show that we wanted to do. Their notes made no sense anyway, they're completely contradictory. And so– we did what we wanted.  ^ Taylor, Timothy Dean (2001). Strange Sounds: Music, Technology & Culture. pp. 104–105. ISBN 0-415-93684-5.  ^ Cohen, David X.; Groening, Moore, Rich; Vanzo, Gregg; DiMaggio, John (2002). Futurama: Volume One DVD commentary for the episode "Fear of a Bot Planet" (DVD). 20th Century Fox. Groening: The original name for this show was not "Futurama", by the way. There was a long long list of possible names, the only two I remember which were resoundingly rejected, by everyone concerned with it; "Doomsville" was my number one choice. And my number two choice — and I don't even know why I thought this was a good idea for a name — somehow, "Aloha, Mars" struck me and that was also not particularly...  ^ Fitzpatrick, Kevin (August 4, 2011). " Futurama
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Fall 2011 Schedule; MeTV Network Celebrates Lucille Ball's 100th Birthday With 100 Episodes of Lucy Series". Blog.sitcomsonline.com. July 26, 2011. Retrieved August 23, 2011.  ^ "Futurama". wgnamerica. October 19, 2011. Archived from the original on February 9, 2013. Retrieved November 1, 2011.  ^ @EricRogersLA (January 31, 2012). "#futurama doubles viewership in..." (Tweet). Retrieved January 31, 2012 – via Twitter.  ^ Cortez, Carl (September 1, 2010). "Exclusive Interview: 'FUTURAMA' CO-CREATOR DAVID X. COHEN BLOWS OUT THE 100TH EPISODE CANDLE AND TALKS ABOUT THE SEASON SIX FINALE". If. Archived from the original on September 7, 2010. Retrieved March 19, 2012.  . ^ Zalben, Alex (June 22, 2010). "Exclusive: Futurama
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Katey Sagal
talks about 'Sons of Anarchy,', 'Futurama,' Bob Dylan" (Interview). Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved September 6, 2013.  ^ "'The Simpsons' to join forces with 'Futurama' for crossover episode". Entertainment Weekly.  ^ John DiMaggio
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[@TheJohnDiMaggio] (19 September 2013). "This is happening. Today is a good day" (Tweet) – via Twitter.  ^ Producers plan to kill off 'Simpsons' character Archived October 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b c d e f g Cook, Lucius (April 26, 2004). "Hey, Sexy Mama, Wanna Kill All Humans?: Looking Backwards at Futurama, The Greatest SF Show You've Never Seen". Locus Online. Archived from the original on January 13, 2016. Retrieved July 29, 2008.  ^ Gates, Anita (January 24, 1999). "Groening's New World, 1,000 Years From Springfield". The New York Times. Retrieved June 13, 2008.  ^ a b "Leela's Homeworld". Futurama. Season 4. Episode 2. February 17, 2002. Fox Network.  ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20000824051913/http://www.frcr.com/library/la_weekly1.html ^ "I, Roommate". Futurama. Season 1. Episode 3. April 6, 1999. 10 minutes in. Fox Network.  ^ "A Clone of My Own". Futurama. Season 2. Episode 3. April 9, 2000. 10 minutes in. Fox Network.  ^ "Mother's Day". Futurama. Season 2. Episode 14. May 14, 2000. Fox Network.  ^ Verrone, Patric M (2003), DVD commentary for "The Sting", Futurama. Original air date June 1, 2003. No. 12, Season 4. 20th Century Fox. ^ a b Pinsky, Mark (2003). The Gospel According to the Simpsons. Bigger and possibly even Better! edition. pp. 229–235. ISBN 978-0-664-23265-8.  ^ a b Azrai, Ahmad (October 31, 2004). "Farewell to the funny future". Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. Archived from the original on February 2, 2008. Retrieved January 10, 2008.  ^ "Flickr Slideshow". Retrieved 2007.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ Cohen, David X.; Groening, Matt; Kelley, Brian; Sheesley, Brian; Moore, Rich; Vanzo, Scott; DiMaggio, John (2002). Futurama: Volume One DVD commentary for the episode "Love's Labours Lost in Space" (DVD). 20th Century Fox. Scott Vanzo: The final is kinda difficult for us to create, it has over 80 levels of 3D animation that are composited together, a lot of cheats, probably the single biggest scene that we have ever done, or at least we view it as a scene, so... I don't know what else to say. David X. Cohen: How long did it take just to animate that 28 seconds? Vanzo: I think we did it in about four or five weeks, all together.  ^ Cohen, David X.; Groening, Matt; Kelley, Brian; Sheesley, Brian; Moore, Rich; Vanzo, Scott; DiMaggio, John (2002). Futurama: Volume One DVD commentary for the episode "Love's Labours Lost in Space" (DVD). 20th Century Fox. David X. Cohen: How long does it take – out of curiosity, I don't even the answer to this – how long does it take to render one frame of that kind of degree of computer– 3D computer graphics? Scott Vanzo: We split it into a lot of different levels, because it was taking so long, and that way we can fix things a lot easier. I would say, probably about an hour a frame for that title. Cohen: And 30 frames per second? So that adds up.  ^ Hodgkinson, Will (October 15, 2006). "Soundtrack of my life: Pierre Henry". The Guardian. Retrieved June 7, 2015. In 1964 Henry had a pop hit with 'Psyche Rock'. It has since been remixed by Fatboy Slim and William Orbit, sampled countless times, and used as the basis for the soundtrack to the cartoon Futurama.  ^ Cohen, David X.; Groening, Moore, Rich; Vanzo, Gregg; Burns, J. Stewart; Haaland, Bret; West, Billy (2002). Futurama: Volume One DVD commentary for the episode " Mars
Mars
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Mars
University" (DVD). 20th Century Fox. David X. Cohen: It actually sounds pretty good, if you have a good quality TV stereo system, but it didn't transmit that well on the air. It lost a lot of the dynamic range, so it doesn't sound as good on actual broadcast as we thought it would.  ^ "Omniglot". Archived from the original on September 6, 2012. Retrieved June 3, 2008.  ^ "The Day the Earth Stood Stupid". Futurama. Audio commentary 11 minutes in.  ^ "Space Pilot 3000". Futurama. Season 1. Episode 01. March 28, 1999. Audio commentary 20 minutes in. Fox Network.  ^ Keller, Joel (January 31, 2007). Matt Groening
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Robot
to TV Life". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 24, 2000. Retrieved June 3, 2008.  ^ "Fox puts 'Futurama' order on hold". February 14, 2002. Archived from the original on December 16, 2008. Retrieved June 3, 2008.  ^ a b " Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
to Air 'Futurama'". Associated Press. September 11, 2002. Retrieved April 15, 2012.  ^ Dempsey, John (October 27, 2005). ""Futurama" in Comedy Central's future via big deal". Variety. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved October 27, 2005.  ^ "Silver screen Simpsons, Futurama
Futurama
facing finish?". BBC News. January 19, 2001. Archived from the original on April 19, 2003. Retrieved June 3, 2008.  ^ a b Gorman, Bill (June 25, 2010). "UPDATED Thursday Cable Ratings: Futurama
Futurama
Returns Strong; Plus Burn Notice, Royal Pains, NBA Draft & More". Retrieved June 26, 2010.  ^ a b "27th Annual Annie Award Nominees and Winners (1999)". Retrieved July 12, 2014.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m " Futurama
Futurama
– Television Academy". Retrieved July 12, 2014.  ^ a b c "28th Annual Annie". Retrieved July 12, 2014.  ^ a b "EMA Awards Recipients & Honorees". Archived from the original on April 13, 2015. Retrieved July 12, 2014.  ^ a b c "29th Annual Annie Award Nominees and Winners (2001)". Retrieved July 12, 2014.  ^ a b "30th Annual Annie Award Nominees and Winners (2002)". Retrieved July 12, 2014.  ^ a b "31st Annual Annie Award Nominees and Winners (2003)". Retrieved July 12, 2014.  ^ "The Locus Index to SF Awards: 2004 Nebula
Nebula
Awards". Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2014.  ^ "35th Annual Annie Nominations and Awards Recipients". Retrieved July 12, 2014.  ^ "36th Annual Annie Nominations and Awards Recipients". Retrieved July 12, 2014.  ^ "37th Annual Annie Nominations and Awards Recipients". Retrieved July 12, 2014.  ^ a b "38th Annual Annie Nominations". Retrieved July 12, 2014.  ^ "40th Annual Annie Awards Winners". Retrieved July 12, 2014.  ^ a b c "Annie Awards: 'Frozen' Wins Big Including Best Feature; Miyazaki Gets Best Writing; Spielberg Honored; 'Futurama' & 'Sofia' Top TV; 'Get A Horse!' Best Short". Retrieved July 12, 2014.  ^ "Top 100 Animated TV Series". IGN. January 2009. Archived from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved March 22, 2010.  ^ Cordova, Gonzalo (July 24, 2010). " Comedy Central
Comedy Central
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Futurama
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Comedy Central
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Futurama
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External links[edit]

Futurama
Futurama
portal Animation portal Comedy portal Television portal

Book: Futurama

The dictionary definition of Futurama
Futurama
at Wiktionary * Quotations related to Futurama
Futurama
at Wikiquote Media related to Futurama
Futurama
at Wikimedia Commons Official website Futurama
Futurama
on IMDb

v t e

Futurama

Characters

Fry Leela Bender Professor Farnsworth Amy Dr. Zoidberg Hermes Zapp Brannigan Planet Express Ship Recurring characters

Production

Guest stars Writers

Media releases

Episodes Comic books

Seasons

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Films

Bender's Big Score The Beast with a Billion Backs Bender's Game Into the Wild Green Yonder

Games

Futurama Futurama: Game of Drones Futurama: Worlds of Tomorrow

Themes

Politics Religion

Related

Suicide booth "Simpsorama" Morbotron

Portal Category

v t e

Matt Groening

Television series

The Simpsons
The Simpsons
(1989–present) Futurama
Futurama
(1999–2003; 2008–13) Disenchantment (2018)

Films

The Simpsons
The Simpsons
Movie (2007) Futurama
Futurama
films (Bender's Big Score, The Beast with a Billion Backs, Bender's Game, Into the Wild Green Yonder) (2008-09) The Longest Daycare
The Longest Daycare
(2012)

Comics

Life in Hell
Life in Hell
(1977–2012)

Other

The Simpsons
The Simpsons
shorts from The Tracey Ullman
Tracey Ullman
Show (1987–89) Olive, the Other Reindeer
Olive, the Other Reindeer
(1999) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
Ride (2008)

See also

Awards Bongo Comics The Curiosity Company Rock Bottom Remainders The Simpsons
The Simpsons
20th Anniversary Special
Special
– In 3-D! On Ice!

v t e

Fox animation

Current

The Simpsons
The Simpsons
(since 1989) Family Guy
Family Guy
(1999–2003; since 2005) Bob's Burgers
Bob's Burgers
(since 2011)

1990s

The Critic
The Critic
(1995) King of the Hill
King of the Hill
(1997–2010) Futurama
Futurama
(1999–2008) The PJs
The PJs
(1999–2000)

2000s

American Dad!
American Dad!
(2005–2014) Sit Down, Shut Up (2009) The Cleveland Show
The Cleveland Show
(2009–2013)

2010s

Allen Gregory
Allen Gregory
(2011) Napoleon Dynamite (2012) Bordertown (2016) Son of Zorn
Son of Zorn
(2016–2017)

Animation Domination High-Def

ADHD Shorts Axe Cop Golan the Insatiable High School USA! Lucas Bros. Moving Co. Major Lazer Stone Quackers

Related

The Simpsons
The Simpsons
shorts (1987–1989) Night of the Hurricane
Night of the Hurricane
(2011) Fox cartoons Animation Domination

High-Def

20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
Animation

v t e

Comedy Central
Comedy Central
original programming

Former

1990s debuts

Alan King: Inside the Comedy Mind (1991) Afterdrive (1991) Clash! (1991) Comedy Central
Comedy Central
Presents (1998–2011) Dr. Katz, Professional Therapist
Dr. Katz, Professional Therapist
(1995–2002) Exit 57 (1995–96) Frank Leaves for the Orient (1999) The Higgins Boys and Gruber (1991) Make Me Laugh
Make Me Laugh
(1997–98) The Man Show (1999–2004) Mystery Science Theater 3000
Mystery Science Theater 3000
(1991–96) Night After Night with Allan Havey (1991–92) Politically Incorrect (1994–97) Premium Blend
Premium Blend
(1997–2006) Pulp Comics (1997–99) Short Attention Span Theater (1991–94) Sports Monster (1991) Strangers with Candy
Strangers with Candy
(1999–2000) The Unnaturals (1991) Upright Citizens Brigade (1998–2000) The Vacant Lot (1994) Viva Variety (1997–98) Vs. (1999) Win Ben Stein's Money
Win Ben Stein's Money
(1997–2003)

2000s debuts

American Body Shop
American Body Shop
(2007) Atom TV
Atom TV
(2008–10) BattleBots
BattleBots
(2000–02) Beat the Geeks
Beat the Geeks
(2001–02) Blue Collar TV (2004–06) Chappelle's Show
Chappelle's Show
(2003–06) Chocolate News
Chocolate News
(2008) The Colbert Report
The Colbert Report
(2005–14) The Comedians of Comedy (2005) Con (2005) Contest Searchlight (2002) Crank Yankers
Crank Yankers
(2002–05) Crossballs: The Debate Show (2004) Drawn Together
Drawn Together
(2004–07) Distraction (2005–06) Dog Bites Man (2006) Don't Forget Your Toothbrush
Don't Forget Your Toothbrush
(2000) Freak Show (2006) Friday Night Stand-Up with Greg Giraldo (2005–06) Futurama
Futurama
(2008–13) Gerhard Reinke's Wanderlust (2003) The Gong Show with Dave Attell (2008) The Graham Norton Effect (2004) Halfway Home (2007) The Hollow Men (2005) I'm with Busey
I'm with Busey
(2003) Important Things with Demetri Martin
Important Things with Demetri Martin
(2009–10) Insomniac with Dave Attell (2001–04) The Jeff Dunham Show (2009) Kid Notorious
Kid Notorious
(2003) Kröd Mändoon and the Flaming Sword of Fire
Kröd Mändoon and the Flaming Sword of Fire
(2009) Let's Bowl (2001–02) Lewis Black's Root of All Evil
Lewis Black's Root of All Evil
(2008) Lil' Bush (2007–08) Live at Gotham (2006–09) Michael & Michael Have Issues (2009) Mind of Mencia
Mind of Mencia
(2005–08) The Naked Trucker and T-Bones Show (2007) Primetime Glick (2001–03) Reality Bites Back (2008) Reno 911!
Reno 911!
(2003–09) The Sarah Silverman Program
The Sarah Silverman Program
(2007–10) Secret Girlfriend
Secret Girlfriend
(2009) Shorties Watchin' Shorties (2004) The Showbiz Show with David Spade
The Showbiz Show with David Spade
(2005–07) Stella (2005) Straight Plan for the Gay Man (2004) Strip Mall
Strip Mall
(2000–01) That's My Bush!
That's My Bush!
(2001) Too Late with Adam Carolla (2005) Tough Crowd with Colin Quinn (2003–04) Travel Sick (2001–02) Trigger Happy TV (2003) TV Funhouse
TV Funhouse
(2000–01) Wanda Does It (2004) Weekends at the D.L. (2005)

2010s debuts

@midnight
@midnight
with Chris Hardwick (2013–17) Adam DeVine's House Party
Adam DeVine's House Party
(2013–16) The Ben Show (2013) The Benson Interruption
The Benson Interruption
(2010) Big Lake (2010) Big Time in Hollywood, FL
Big Time in Hollywood, FL
(2015) Brickleberry
Brickleberry
(2012–15) Brody Stevens: Enjoy It! (2013–14) The Burn with Jeff Ross
The Burn with Jeff Ross
(2012–13) The Comedy Awards (2011–12) Comedy Underground with Dave Attell
Comedy Underground with Dave Attell
(2014) Gabriel Iglesias Presents Stand Up Revolution
Gabriel Iglesias Presents Stand Up Revolution
(2011–14) The Gorburger Show
The Gorburger Show
(2017) The High Court with Doug Benson
The High Court with Doug Benson
(2017) Jeff & Some Aliens (2017) The Jeselnik Offensive
The Jeselnik Offensive
(2013) John Oliver's New York Stand-Up Show
John Oliver's New York Stand-Up Show
(2010–13) Jon Benjamin Has a Van
Jon Benjamin Has a Van
(2011) Key & Peele (2012–15) Kroll Show
Kroll Show
(2013–15) Legends of Chamberlain Heights
Legends of Chamberlain Heights
(2016–17) The Meltdown with Jonah and Kumail
The Meltdown with Jonah and Kumail
(2014–16) Moonbeam City
Moonbeam City
(2015) Nick Swardson's Pretend Time
Nick Swardson's Pretend Time
(2010–11) The Nightly Show with Larry Wilmore
The Nightly Show with Larry Wilmore
(2015–16) Problematic with Moshe Kasher
Problematic with Moshe Kasher
(2017) TripTank
TripTank
(2014-16) Not Safe with Nikki Glaser
Not Safe with Nikki Glaser
(2016) Onion SportsDome
Onion SportsDome
(2011) Review (2014–17) Sports Show with Norm Macdonald
Sports Show with Norm Macdonald
(2011) Time Traveling Bong
Time Traveling Bong
(2016) Ugly Americans (2010–12) Why? with Hannibal Buress
Why? with Hannibal Buress
(2015) Workaholics (2011–17)

Current and upcoming

Current

Another Period
Another Period
(since 2015) Broad City
Broad City
(since 2014) Comedy Central
Comedy Central
Roast (since 2003) Corporate (since 2018) The Daily Show
The Daily Show
(since 1996) Drunk History
Drunk History
(since 2013) Detroiters (since 2017) The Half Hour
The Half Hour
(since 2012) Idiotsitter
Idiotsitter
(since 2016) Inside Amy Schumer
Inside Amy Schumer
(since 2013) The Jim Jefferies Show
The Jim Jefferies Show
(since 2017) Nathan for You
Nathan for You
(since 2013) The Opposition with Jordan Klepper
The Opposition with Jordan Klepper
(since 2017) The President Show
The President Show
(since 2017) South Park
South Park
(since 1997) Tosh.0
Tosh.0
(since 2009)

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Comedy Central
Comedy Central
animation

Dr. Katz, Professional Therapist
Dr. Katz, Professional Therapist
(1995–2002) South Park
South Park
(since 1997) Kid Notorious
Kid Notorious
(2003) Shorties Watchin' Shorties (2004) Drawn Together
Drawn Together
(2004–07) Freak Show (2006) Lil' Bush (2007–08) Futurama
Futurama
(2008–2013) Ugly Americans (2010–12) Brickleberry
Brickleberry
(2012–15) TripTank
TripTank
(2014–16) Moonbeam City
Moonbeam City
(2015) Legends of Chamberlain Heights
Legends of Chamberlain Heights
(2016–17) Jeff & Some Aliens (2017)

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Prime time animated television series in the United States

ABC

The Bugs Bunny Show
The Bugs Bunny Show
(1960–62) Calvin and the Colonel (1961–62) Capitol Critters (1992) Clerks: The Animated Series (2000) The Critic
The Critic
(1994) The Flintstones
The Flintstones
(1960–66) The Goode Family
The Goode Family
(2009) The Jetsons
The Jetsons
(1962–63) Jonny Quest (1964–65) Matty's Funday Funnies
Matty's Funday Funnies
(1959–1961) Matty's Funnies with Beany and Cecil
Beany and Cecil
(1962) Peanuts
Peanuts
television specials (since 2001) Top Cat
Top Cat
(1961–62)

CBS

The Alvin Show
The Alvin Show
(1961–62) CBS
CBS
Cartoon Theater (1956) Creature Comforts
Creature Comforts
(2007) Family Dog (1993) Fish Police (1992) Garfield
Garfield
television specials (1982–1991) The Gerald McBoing-Boing
Gerald McBoing-Boing
Show (1956–57) The Sabrina the Teenage Witch Show (1970–74) This Is America, Charlie Brown
This Is America, Charlie Brown
(1988–1990) Wacky Races (1968–1970) Where's Huddles? (1970) Peanuts
Peanuts
television specials (1965–2000)

Fox

Allen Gregory
Allen Gregory
(2011) American Dad!
American Dad!
(2005–2014) Axe Cop (2013) Batman: The Animated Series (1992–93) Bob's Burgers
Bob's Burgers
(since 2011) Bordertown (2016) The Cleveland Show
The Cleveland Show
(2009–2013) The Critic
The Critic
(1995) Family Guy
Family Guy
(1999–2002; since 2005) Futurama
Futurama
(1999–2003) Golan the Insatiable
Golan the Insatiable
(2013–15) High School USA!
High School USA!
(2013) King of the Hill
King of the Hill
(1997–2010) Lucas Bros. Moving Co.
Lucas Bros. Moving Co.
(2013–14) Napoleon Dynamite (2012) The PJs
The PJs
(1999–2000) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
(since 1989) Sit Down, Shut Up (2009) Son of Zorn
Son of Zorn
(2016–17) Peanuts
Peanuts
television specials (2011)

NBC

The Bullwinkle Show (1961–63) The Famous Adventures of Mr. Magoo (1964–1965) Father of the Pride
Father of the Pride
(2004) God, the Devil and Bob
God, the Devil and Bob
(2000) Jokebook (1982) The Ruff and Reddy Show (1957–1960) Sammy (2000) Stressed Eric
Stressed Eric
(1998) Wait Till Your Father Gets Home (1972) Peanuts
Peanuts
television specials (1971–1994)

PBS

Adventures from the Book
Book
of Virtues (1996-2000) Click and Clack's As the Wrench Turns
Click and Clack's As the Wrench Turns
(2008)

Syndication

The Huckleberry Hound Show (1958–1962) The Sabrina the Teenage Witch Show (1970–74) Tiny Toon Adventures
Tiny Toon Adventures
(Prime Toons) (1990–91) Wait Till Your Father Gets Home (1972–74)

The WB

Animaniacs
Animaniacs
(1993–98) Baby Blues (2000) Freakazoid!
Freakazoid!
(1996) Invasion America
Invasion America
(1998) Mission Hill
Mission Hill
(1999–2000) The Oblongs (2001) Pinky and the Brain
Pinky and the Brain
(1995–98) The PJs
The PJs
(2000–01)

UPN

Dilbert (1999–2000) Game Over (2004) Gary & Mike (2001) Home Movies (1999)

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Rough Draft Studios

Feature films

The Simpsons
The Simpsons
Movie (2007) Futurama: Bender's Big Score
Bender's Big Score
(2007) Futurama: The Beast with a Billion Backs
The Beast with a Billion Backs
(2008) Futurama: Bender's Game (2008) Futurama: Into the Wild Green Yonder
Into the Wild Green Yonder
(2009)

Short films

Duck Dodgers - Attack of the Drones MADtv's Spy vs. Spy The Whizzard of Ow

TV series

Baby Blues Complete Savages Drawn Together Full English Futurama Good Vibes The Maxx Napoleon Dynamite Sit Down, Shut Up Star Wars: Clone Wars

People

Gregg Vanzo Claudia Katz Peter Avanzino Dwayne Carey-Hill Rich Moore

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Annie Award for Best Animated Television Production

The Simpsons
The Simpsons
(1992) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
(1993) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
(1994) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
(1995) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
(1996) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
(1997) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
/ The New Batman/Superman Adventures
The New Batman/Superman Adventures
(1998) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
(1999) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
/ Mickey Mouse Works
Mickey Mouse Works
(2000) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
/ Batman
Batman
Beyond (2001) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
(2002) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
(2003) SpongeBob SquarePants
SpongeBob SquarePants
(2004) Star Wars: Clone Wars (2005) Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends
Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends
(2006) Creature Comforts
Creature Comforts
/ El Tigre: The Adventures of Manny Rivera (2007) Robot
Robot
Chicken / Avatar: The Last Airbender (2008) Prep & Landing / The Penguins of Madagascar
The Penguins of Madagascar
(2009) Futurama
Futurama
/ SpongeBob SquarePants
SpongeBob SquarePants
(2010) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
/ The Amazing World of Gumball
The Amazing World of Gumball
(2011) Robot
Robot
Chicken / Dragons: Riders of Berk / Bubble Guppies
Bubble Guppies
(2012) Futurama
Futurama
/ Adventure Time
Adventure Time
/ Sofia the First
Sofia the First
(2013) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
/ Gravity Falls
Gravity Falls
/ Tumble Leaf
Tumble Leaf
(2014) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
/ Wander Over Yonder
Wander Over Yonder
/ Tumble Leaf
Tumble Leaf
(2015) Bob's Burgers
Bob's Burgers
/ Adventure Time
Adventure Time
/ Tumble Leaf
Tumble Leaf
(2016) Rick and Morty
Rick and Morty
/ We Bare Bears
We Bare Bears
/ The Octonauts
The Octonauts
(2017)

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Primetime Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Animated Program

1970s

Halloween Is Grinch Night
Halloween Is Grinch Night
(1978) The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (1979)

1980s

Carlton Your Doorman (1980) Life Is a Circus, Charlie Brown (1981) The Grinch Grinches the Cat in the Hat (1982) Ziggy's Gift (1983) Garfield
Garfield
on the Town (1984) Garfield
Garfield
in the Rough (1985) Garfield's Halloween Adventure
Garfield's Halloween Adventure
(1986) Cathy (1987) A Claymation Christmas Celebration (1988) Garfield's Babes and Bullets
Garfield's Babes and Bullets
/ DuckTales
DuckTales
("Super DuckTales") (1989)

1990s

The Simpsons
The Simpsons
("Life on the Fast Lane") (1990) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
("Homer vs. Lisa and the 8th Commandment") / Tale Spin ("Plunder & Lightning") (1991) A Claymation Easter (1992) Batman: The Animated Series ("Robin's Reckoning: Part I") (1993) The Roman City (1994) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
("Lisa's Wedding") (1995) Pinky and the Brain
Pinky and the Brain
("A Pinky and the Brain
Pinky and the Brain
Christmas") (1996) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
("Homer's Phobia") (1997) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
("Trash of the Titans") (1998) King of the Hill
King of the Hill
("And They Call It Bobby Love") / Todd McFarlane's Spawn (1999)

2000s

Program (Less Than One Hour)

The Simpsons
The Simpsons
("Behind the Laughter") (2000) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
("HOMR") (2001) Futurama
Futurama
("Roswell That Ends Well") (2002) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
("Three Gays of the Condo") (2003) Samurai Jack
Samurai Jack
("The Birth of Evil") (2004) South Park
South Park
("Best Friends Forever") (2005) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
("The Seemingly Never-Ending Story") (2006) South Park
South Park
("Make Love, Not Warcraft") (2007) The Simpsons
The Simpsons
("Eternal Moonshine of the Simpson Mind") (2008) South Park
South Park
("Margaritaville") (2009)

Program (One Hour or More)

Walking with Dinosaurs
Walking with Dinosaurs
(2000) Allosaurus: A Walking With Dinosaurs Special
Special
(2001) Walking with Prehistoric Beasts (2002) Chased by Dinosaurs
Chased by Dinosaurs
(2003) Star Wars: Clone Wars (Volume 1: Chapters 1-20) (2004) Star Wars: Clone Wars (Volume 2: Chapters 21-25) (2005) Before the Dinosaurs (2006) Camp Lazlo
Camp Lazlo
("Where's Lazlo?") (2007) South Park
South Park
(Imaginationland: The Movie) (2008) Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends
Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends
("Destination: Imagination") (2009)

2010s

Prep & Landing (2010) Futurama
Futurama
("The Late Philip J. Fry") (2011) The Penguins of Madagascar
The Penguins of Madagascar
("The Return of the Revenge of Dr. Blowhole") (2012) South Park
South Park
("Raising the Bar") (2013) Bob's Burgers
Bob's Burgers
("Mazel-Tina") (2014) Over the Garden Wall
Over the Garden Wall
(2015) Archer ("The Figgis Agency") (2016) Bob's Burgers
Bob's Burgers
("Bob Actually") (2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 173933627 LCCN: n2005015

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