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_FUTURAMA_ is an American animated science fiction sitcom created by Matt Groening
Matt Groening
for the Fox Broadcasting Company. The series follows the adventures of a late-20th-century New York City pizza delivery boy, Philip J. Fry, who, after being unwittingly cryogenically frozen for one thousand years, finds employment at Planet Express, an interplanetary delivery company in the retro-futuristic 31st century. The series was envisioned by Groening in the mid-1990s while working on _ The Simpsons
The Simpsons
_; he later brought David X. Cohen
David X. Cohen
aboard to develop storylines and characters to pitch the show to Fox.

In the United States, the series aired on Fox from March 28, 1999, to August 10, 2003, before ceasing production. _Futurama_ also aired in reruns on Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
's Adult Swim
Adult Swim
from 2003 to 2007, until the network's contract expired. It was revived in 2007 as four direct-to-video films; the last of which was released in early 2009. Comedy Central
Comedy Central
entered into an agreement with 20th Century Fox Television to syndicate the existing episodes and air the films as 16 new, half-hour episodes, constituting a fifth season.

In June 2009, producing studio 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
announced that Comedy Central had picked up the show for 26 new half-hour episodes, which began airing in 2010 and 2011. The show was renewed for a seventh season , with the first half airing in June 2012 and the second set for mid-2013. It was later revealed that the seventh season would be the final season, as Comedy Central
Comedy Central
announced that they would not be commissioning any further episodes. The series finale aired on September 4, 2013. While Groening has said he will try to get it picked up by another network, David X. Cohen
David X. Cohen
stated that the episode "Meanwhile " would be the last episode of season 7 and also the series finale.

Throughout its run, _Futurama_ has received critical acclaim. The show has been nominated for 17 Annie Awards
Annie Awards
and 12 Emmy Awards , winning seven of the former and six of the latter. It has also been nominated four times for a Writers Guild of America Award, winning two for the episodes " Godfellas" and " The Prisoner of Benda", been nominated for a Nebula Award
Nebula Award
and has received Environmental Media Awards for episodes " The Problem with Popplers" and "The Futurama Holiday Spectacular ". _Futurama_-related merchandise has also been released, including a tie-in comic book series , video games, calendars, clothes and figurines. In 2013, _TV Guide_ ranked _Futurama_ as one of the top 60 Greatest TV Cartoons of All Time.

CONTENTS

* 1 Production

* 1.1 Development * 1.2 Executive producers * 1.3 Writing * 1.4 Voice actors * 1.5 Animation * 1.6 Fox cancellation * 1.7 Comedy Central
Comedy Central
revival * 1.8 Comedy Central
Comedy Central
cancellation

* 2 Characters * 3 Episodes * 4 Setting * 5 Themes

* 6 Hallmarks

* 6.1 Opening sequence * 6.2 Language * 6.3 Humor

* 7 Reception, legacy, and achievements

* 7.1 Success * 7.2 Awards and nominations * 7.3 Achievements

* 8 Other media

* 8.1 Comic books * 8.2 Films * 8.3 Video games

* 9 Broadcast * 10 Merchandise * 11 References * 12 External links

PRODUCTION

DEVELOPMENT

Fox expressed a strong desire in the mid-1990s for Matt Groening
Matt Groening
to create a new series, and he began conceiving _Futurama_ during this period. In 1996, he enlisted David X. Cohen
David X. Cohen
, then a writer and producer for _The Simpsons_, to assist in developing the show. The two spent time researching science fiction books, television shows, and films. When they pitched the series to Fox in April 1998, Groening and Cohen had composed many characters and story lines; Groening claimed they had gone "overboard" in their discussions. Groening described trying to get the show on the air as "by far the worst experience of my grown-up life".

Fox ordered thirteen episodes. Immediately after, however, Fox feared the themes of the show were not suitable for the network and Groening and Fox executives argued over whether the network would have any creative input into the show. With _The Simpsons_, the network has no input. Fox was particularly disturbed by the concept of suicide booths , Doctor Zoidberg, and Bender 's anti-social behavior. Groening explains, "When they tried to give me notes on _Futurama_, I just said: 'No, we're going to do this just the way we did _Simpsons_.' And they said, 'Well, we don't do business that way anymore.' And I said, 'Oh, well, that's the only way I do business.'" The episode " I, Roommate" was produced to address Fox's concerns, with the script written to their specifications. Fox strongly disliked the episode, but after negotiations, Groening received the same independence with _Futurama_.

The name _Futurama_ comes from a pavilion at the 1939 New York World\'s Fair . Designed by Norman Bel Geddes
Norman Bel Geddes
, the Futurama
Futurama
pavilion depicted how he imagined the world would look in 1959. Many other titles were considered for the series, including "Aloha, Mars!" and "Doomsville", which Groening notes were "resoundly rejected, by everyone concerned with it". It takes approximately six to nine months to produce an episode of _Futurama_. The long production time results in several episodes being worked on simultaneously.

EXECUTIVE PRODUCERS

_ David X. Cohen
David X. Cohen
and Matt Groening
Matt Groening
at the Futurama_ panel of Comic-Con 2009.

Groening and Cohen served as executive producers and showrunners during the show's entire run, and also functioned as creative consultants. Ken Keelerbecame an executive producer for Season 4 and subsequent seasons.

WRITING

The planning for each episode began with a table meeting of writers, who discussed the plot ideas as a group. A single staff writer wrote an outline and then produced a script. Once the first draft of a script was finished, the writers and executive producers called in the actors for a table read. After this script reading, the writers collaborated to rewrite the script as a group before sending it to the animation team. At this point the voice recording was also started and the script was out of the writers' hands.

The writing staff held three Ph.D.s , seven master\'s degrees , and cumulatively had more than 50 years at Harvard University
Harvard University
. Series writer Patric M. Verronestated, "we were easily the most overeducated cartoon writers in history".

VOICE ACTORS

See also: List of Futurama guest stars

_Futurama_ had eight main cast members. Billy West
Billy West
performed the voices of Philip J. Fry, Professor Farnsworth, Doctor Zoidberg, Zapp Branniganand many other incidental characters. West auditioned for "just about every part", landing the roles of the Professor and Doctor Zoidberg. Although West read for Fry, his friend Charlie Schlatter was initially given the role of Fry. Due to a casting change, West was called back to audition again and was given the role. West claims that the voice of Fry is deliberately modeled on his own, so as to make it difficult for another person to replicate the voice. Doctor Zoidberg's voice was based on Lou Jacobiand George Jessel . The character of Zapp Branniganwas originally created and intended to be performed by Phil Hartman
Phil Hartman
. Hartman insisted on auditioning for the role, and "just nailed it" according to Groening. Due to Hartman's death, West was given the role. West states that his version of Zapp Brannigan was an imitation of Hartman and also "modeled after a couple of big dumb announcers I knew".

Katey Sagal
Katey Sagal
voiced Leela , and is the only member of the main cast to voice only one character. The role of Leela was originally assigned to Nicole Sullivan. In an interview in June 2010, Sagal remarked that she did not know that another person was to originally voice Leela until many years after the show first began.

John DiMaggio
John DiMaggio
performed the voice of the robot Bender Bending Rodríguez and other, more minor, characters. Bender was the most difficult character to cast, as the show's creators had not decided what a robot should sound like. DiMaggio originally auditioned for the role of Professor Farnsworth, using the voice he uses to perform Bender, and also auditioned for Bender using a different voice. DiMaggio described Bender's voice as a combination of a sloppy drunk, Slim Pickensand a character his college friend created named "Charlie the sausage-lover".

Phil LaMarr
Phil LaMarr
voices Hermes Conrad, his son Dwight, Ethan Bubblegum Tate, and Reverend Preacherbot. Lauren Tom
Lauren Tom
voiced Amy Wong
Amy Wong
, and Tress MacNeille voices Mom and various other characters. Maurice LaMarche voices Kif Kroker and several supporting characters. LaMarche won the Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Voice-Over Performance in 2011 for his performances as Lrrr and Orson Welles
Orson Welles
in the episode "Lrrreconcilable Ndndifferences ". David Hermanvoiced Scruffy and various supporting characters. During seasons 1–4, LaMarche is billed as supporting cast and Tom, LaMarr and Herman billed as guest stars, despite appearing in most episodes. LaMarche was promoted to main cast and Tom, LaMarr and Herman to supporting cast in Season 5, and promoted again to main cast in Season 6.

MAIN CAST MEMBERS

Billy West
Billy West
Katey Sagal
Katey Sagal
John DiMaggio
John DiMaggio
Tress MacNeille Maurice LaMarche Lauren Tom
Lauren Tom
Phil LaMarr
Phil LaMarr
David Herman

Philip Fry , Professor Farnsworth, Doctor Zoidberg, Zapp Brannigan , various Leela Bender , various Mom , various Kif Kroker , various Amy Wong
Amy Wong
, various Hermes Conrad, various Scruffy , various

In addition to the main cast, Frank Welkervoiced Nibbler and Kath Soucie voiced Cubert and several supporting and minor characters. Like _The Simpsons_, many episodes of _Futurama_ feature guest voices from a wide range of professions, including actors, entertainers, bands, musicians, and scientists. Many guest-stars voiced supporting characters, although many voiced themselves, usually as their own head preserved in a jar. Recurring guest stars included Dawnn Lewis(as Hermes' wife LaBarbara ), Tom Kenny, Dan Castellaneta
Dan Castellaneta
(as the Robot Devil ), Al Gore
Al Gore
, and George Takei
George Takei
, among others.

ANIMATION

Computer-generated explosion

Rough Draft Studiosanimated _Futurama_. The studio would receive the completed script of an episode and create a storyboard consisting over 100 drawings. It would then produce a pencil-drawn animatic with 1000 frames. Rough Draft's sister studio in South Korea would render the 30,000-frame finished episode.

In addition to traditional cartoon drawing, Rough Draft Studiosoften used CGI for fast or complex shots, such as the movement of spaceships , explosions, nebulae , large crowds, and snow scenes. The opening sequence was entirely rendered in CGI. The CGI was rendered at 24 frames per second (as opposed to hand-drawn often done at 12 frames per second) and the lack of artifacts made the animation appear very smooth and fluid. CGI characters looked slightly different due to spatially "cheating" hand-drawn characters by drawing slightly out of proportion or off-perspective features to emphasize traits of the face or body, improving legibility of an expression. PowerAnimator
PowerAnimator
was used to draw the comic-like CGI.

The series began high-definition production in season 5 , with _Bender\'s Big Score _. The opening sequence was re-rendered and scaled to adapt to the show's transition to 16:9 widescreen format.

For the final episode of season 6 , _Futurama_ was completely reanimated in three different styles: the first segment of the episode features black-and-white Fleischer - and Walter Lantz
Walter Lantz
-style animation, the second was drawn in the style of a low-resolution video game, and the final segment was in the style of Japanese anime .

FOX CANCELLATION

Groening and Cohen wanted _Futurama_ to be shown at 8:30 pm on Sunday, following _The Simpsons_. The Fox network disagreed, opting instead to show two episodes in the Sunday night lineup before moving the show to a regular time slot on Tuesday. Beginning with its second broadcast season _Futurama_ was again placed in the 8:30 Sunday spot, but by mid-season the show was moved again, this time to 7:00 pm on Sunday, its third position in under a year. Even by the fourth season _Futurama_ was still being aired erratically. Due to being regularly pre-empted by sporting events, it became difficult to predict when new episodes would air. This erratic schedule resulted in Fox not airing several episodes that had been produced for seasons three and four, instead holding them over for a fifth broadcast season. According to Groening, Fox executives were not supporters of the show. Although _Futurama_ was never officially canceled, midway through the production of the fourth season, Fox decided to stop buying episodes of _Futurama_, letting it go out of production before the fall 2003 lineup.

In 2002, the Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
acquired syndication rights to _Futurama_ and _ Family Guy_, another animated show Fox had canceled, for its Adult Swim
Adult Swim
block. The run on Adult Swim
Adult Swim
revived interest in both series, and when _Family Guy_ found success in direct-to-DVD productions, _Futurama'_s producers decided to try the same. In 2005, Comedy Central
Comedy Central
entered negotiations to take over the syndication rights, during which they discussed the possibility of producing new episodes. In 2006, it was announced that four straight-to-DVD films would be produced, and later split into 16 episodes comprising a fifth season of the show. Since no new _Futurama_ projects were in production at the time of release, the final movie release _Into the Wild Green Yonder_ was designed to stand as the _Futurama_ series finale. However, Groening had expressed a desire to continue the franchise in some form, including as a theatrical film. In an interview with CNN
CNN
, Groening said that "we have a great relationship with Comedy Central
Comedy Central
and we would love to do more episodes for them, but I don't know... We're having discussions and there is some enthusiasm but I can't tell if it's just me."

COMEDY CENTRAL REVIVAL

In June 2009, 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
announced that Comedy Central
Comedy Central
had picked up the show for 26 new half-hour episodes that began airing on June 24, 2010. The returning writing crew was smaller than the original crew. It was originally announced that main voice actors West, DiMaggio, and Sagal would return as well, but on July 17, 2009, it was announced that a casting notice was posted to replace the entire cast when 20th Century Fox Television
20th Century Fox Television
would not meet their salary demands. The situation was later resolved, and the entire original voice-cast returned for the new episodes.

Near the end of a message from Maurice LaMarchesent to members of the "Save the Voices of Futurama" group on Facebook, LaMarche announced that the original cast would be returning for the new episodes. The _ Toronto Star
Toronto Star
_ confirmed, announcing on their website that the original cast of _Futurama_ signed contracts with Fox to return for 26 more episodes. Similarly, an email sent to fans from Cohen and Groening reported that West, Sagal, DiMaggio, LaMarche, MacNeille, Tom, LaMarr, and Herman would all be returning for the revival.

Cohen told _ Newsday
Newsday
_ in August 2009 that the reported 26-episode order means "t will be up to 26. I can't guarantee it will be 26. But I think there's a pretty good chance it'll be exactly 26. Fox has been a little bit cagey about it, even internally. But nobody's too concerned. We're plunging ahead". Two episodes were in the process of being voice-recorded at that time, with an additional "six scripts ... in the works, ranging in scale from 'it's a crazy idea that someone's grandmother thought of' to 'it's all on paper'.

When _Futurama_ aired June 24, 2010, on Comedy Central, it helped the network to its highest-rated night in 2010 and its highest-rated Thursday primetime in the network's history. In March 2011, it was announced that _Futurama_ had been renewed for a seventh season, consisting of at least 26 episodes, scheduled to air in 2012 and 2013. The first episode of season 7 premiered June 20, 2012, on Comedy Central.

In July 2011, it was reported that the show had been picked up for syndication by both local affiliates and WGN America. Broadcast of old episodes began in September 2011. On September 19, 2011, WGN America began re-running _Futurama_, and now airs the series weeknights during the overnight hours, and once on Saturday nights. _Futurama_ has since doubled its viewership in syndication.

Due to the uncertain future of the series, there have been four designated series finales . "The Devil\'s Hands Are Idle Playthings ", " Into the Wild Green Yonder", and " Overclockwise" have all been written to serve as a final episode for the show. The episode "Meanwhile " currently stands as the show's official series finale.

COMEDY CENTRAL CANCELLATION

See also: Meanwhile (Futurama)

Comedy Central
Comedy Central
announced in April 2013 that they would be airing the final episode on September 4, 2013. The producers said that they are exploring options for the future of the series as " have many more stories to tell", but would gauge fan reaction to the news. Groening and Cohen have previously expressed a desire to produce a theatrical film or another direct-to-video film upon conclusion of the series.

In an August 2013 interview with _ Milwaukee Journal Sentinel_, Katey Sagal said regarding the series finale, "So I don't believe it... I just hold out hope for it because it has such a huge fan base, it's such a smart show, and why wouldn't somebody want to keep making that show; so that's my thought, I'm just in denial that it's over". Sagal also mentioned during the same interview that Groening told her at Comic-Con that "we'll find a place" and "don't worry, it's not going to end" (in Sagal's words).

_The Simpsons_ episode " Simpsorama" is an official crossover with _Futurama_. It originally aired during the twenty-sixth season of _The Simpsons_ on November 9, 2014, over a year after the series finale aired on Comedy Central.

CHARACTERS

Further information: List of Futurama
Futurama
characters

_Futurama_ is essentially a workplace sitcom, the plot of which revolves around the Planet Express interplanetary delivery company and its employees, a small group that largely fails to conform to future society. Episodes usually feature the central trio of Fry, Leela, and Bender, though occasional storylines center on the other main characters.

* Philip J. Fry( Billy West
Billy West
) – Fry is an immature, slovenly, yet good-hearted and sentimental pizza delivery boy who falls into a cryogenic pod, causing it to activate and freeze him just after midnight on January 1, 2000. He reawakens on New Year's Eve of 2999, and gets a job as a cargo delivery boy at Planet Express, a company owned by his only living relative, Professor Hubert J. Farnsworth. Fry's love for Leela is a recurring theme throughout the series. * Turanga Leela ( Katey Sagal
Katey Sagal
) – Leela is the competent, one-eyed captain of the Planet Express Ship. Abandoned as a baby, she grows up in the Cookieville Minimum Security Orphanarium believing herself to be an alien from another planet, but learns that she is actually a mutant from the sewers in the episode "Leela\'s Homeworld ". Prior to becoming the ship's captain, Leela works as a career assignment officer at the cryogenics lab where she first meets Fry. She is Fry's primary love interest and eventually becomes his wife. Her name is a reference to the Turangalîla-Symphonieby Olivier Messiaen
Olivier Messiaen
. * Bender Bending Rodriguez ( John DiMaggio
John DiMaggio
) – Bender is a foul-mouthed , heavy-drinking , cigar-smoking, kleptomaniacal , misanthropic, egocentric, ill-tempered robot manufactured by Mom\'s Friendly Robot
Robot
Company . He is originally programmed to bend girders for suicide booths , and is later designated as assistant sales manager and cook, despite lacking a sense of taste. He is Fry's best friend and roommate . He must drink heavily to power his fuel cells and becomes the human equivalent of drunk when low on alcohol. * Professor Hubert J. Farnsworth (Billy West) – Professor Farnsworth, also known simply as "the Professor", is Fry's distant nephew. Farnsworth founds Planet Express Inc. to fund his work as a mad scientist . Although he is depicted as a brilliant scientist and inventor, at more than one-hundred and sixty years old he is extremely prone to age-related forgetfulness and fits of temper. In the episode "A Clone of My Own", the Professor clones himself to produce a successor, Cubert Farnsworth (Voiced by Kath Soucie), whom he treats like a son. * Dr. John A. Zoidberg(Billy West) – Zoidbergis a lobster -like alien from the planet Decapod 10 , and the neurotic staff physician of Planet Express. Although he claims to be an expert on humans, his knowledge of human anatomy and physiology is woefully inaccurate. Zoidberg's expertise seems to be with extra-terrestrial creatures. Homeless and penniless, he lives in the dumpster behind Planet Express. Although Zoidbergis depicted as being Professor Farnsworth's long-time friend he is held in contempt by everyone on the crew. * Amy Wong
Amy Wong
( Lauren Tom
Lauren Tom
) – Amy is an incredibly rich, blunt, spoiled, ditzy, and accident-prone long-term intern at Planet Express. She is an astrophysics student at Mars Universityand heiress to the western hemisphere of Mars
Mars
. Born on Mars, she is ethnically Chinese and is prone to cursing in Cantonese
Cantonese
and using 31st-century slang. Her parents are the wealthy ranchers Leo and Inez Wong . She is promiscuous in the beginning of the series, but eventually enters a monogamous relationship with Kif Kroker . In the show's sixth season, she acquires her doctorate. * Hermes Conrad( Phil LaMarr
Phil LaMarr
) – Hermes is the Jamaican accountant of Planet Express. A 36th-level bureaucrat (demoted to level 37 during the series) and proud of it, he is a stickler for regulation and enamored of the tedium of paperwork and bureaucracy. Hermes is also a former champion in Olympic Limbo, a sport derived from the popular party activity . He gave up limbo after the 2980 Olympics when a young fan, imitating him, broke his back and died. Hermes has a wife, LaBarbara , and a 12-year-old son, Dwight . * Zapp Brannigan(Billy West) – Zapp Branniganis the incompetent, extraordinarily vain captain of the DOOP starship _Nimbus_. He is a satirical pastiche of Captain Kirk and William Shatner
William Shatner
. Although Leela thoroughly detests him, Brannigan—a self-deluded ladies\' man —pursues her relentlessly, often at great personal risk. He was originally going to be voiced by Phil Hartman
Phil Hartman
, but Hartman died before production could begin. * Kif Kroker ( Maurice LaMarche) – Zapp Brannigan's 4th Lieutenant and long-suffering personal assistant, Kif is a member of the amphibious species that inhabits the planet Amphibios 9. Although extremely timid, he eventually works up the courage to date Amy. Kif is often shown sighing in disgust at the nonsensical rantings of his commanding officer. * Mom ( Tress MacNeille) – Mom is the malevolent, foul-mouthed, cruel, and narcissistic owner of MomCorp, the thirty-first century's largest shipping and manufacturing company, with a monopoly on robots. In public, she maintains the image of a sweet, kindly old woman by speaking in stereotypically antiquated statements and wearing a mechanical fat suit. She occasionally launches insidious plans for world domination and corporate takeover. She has a romantic history with the Professor which left her bitter and resentful. She has three bumbling sons, Walt, Larry, and Igner (modeled after The Three Stooges ), who do her bidding despite frequent abuse, and often infuriate her with their incompetence. In _Bender\'s Game _, it is revealed that Igner's father is Professor Farnsworth. * Nibbler ( Frank Welker) – Nibbler is Leela's pet Nibblonian, whom she rescues from an imploding planet and adopted in the episode "Love\'s Labours Lost in Space ". Despite his deceptively cute exterior, Nibbler is actually a highly intelligent super-being whose race is responsible for maintaining order in the universe. He is revealed in " The Why of Fry" to have been directly responsible for Fry's cryogenic freezing. While the size of an average house cat, his race is capable of devouring much larger animals. He defecates dark matter , which until _Bender's Game_ is used as fuel for space cruisers in the series.

EPISODES

Main article: List of Futurama episodes

SEASON EPISODES ORIGINALLY AIRED

FIRST AIRED LAST AIRED NETWORK

1 13 March 28, 1999 (1999-03-28) November 14, 1999 (1999-11-14) Fox

2 19 November 21, 1999 (1999-11-21) December 3, 2000 (2000-12-03)

3 22 January 21, 2001 (2001-01-21) December 8, 2002 (2002-12-08)

4 18 February 10, 2002 (2002-02-10) August 10, 2003 (2003-08-10)

5 16 March 23, 2008 (2008-03-23) August 30, 2009 (2009-08-30) Comedy Central

6 26 13 June 24, 2010 (2010-06-24) November 21, 2010 (2010-11-21)

13 June 23, 2011 (2011-06-23) September 8, 2011 (2011-09-08)

7 26 13 June 20, 2012 (2012-06-20) August 29, 2012 (2012-08-29)

13 June 19, 2013 (2013-06-19) September 4, 2013 (2013-09-04)

SETTING

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_Futurama_ is set in New New York at the turn of the 31st century, in a time filled with technological wonders. The city of New New York has been built over the ruins of present-day New York City, which occupies New New York's sewers, referred to as "Old New York". Various devices and architecture are similar to the Populuxe style. Global warming
Global warming
, inflexible bureaucracy , and substance abuse are a few of the subjects given a 31st-century exaggeration in a world where the problems have become both more extreme and more common. Just as New York has become a more extreme version of itself in the future, other Earth locations are given the same treatment; Los Angeles, for example, is depicted as a smog-filled apocalyptic wasteland.

Numerous technological advances have been made between the present day and the 31st century. The ability to keep heads alive in jars was invented by Ron Popeil(who has a guest cameo in "A Big Piece of Garbage "), which has resulted in many historical figures and current celebrities being present, including Groening himself; this became the writers' device to feature and poke fun at contemporary celebrities in the show. Curiously, several of the preserved heads shown are those of people who were already dead well before the advent of this technology; one of the most prominent examples of this anomaly is Earth president Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
, who died in 1994 and appears in numerous episodes. The heads also appear to be in the age that the individual was most famous and not the older age in which they died. The Internet, while being fully immersive and encompassing all senses — even featuring its own digital world (similar to _ Tron
Tron
_ or _The Matrix _) — is slow and largely consists of pornography, pop-up ads , and "filthy" (or Filthy Filthy) chat rooms . Some of it is edited to include educational material ostensibly for youth. Television is still a primary form of entertainment. Self-aware robots are a common sight, and are the main cause of global warming thanks to the exhaust from their alcohol-powered systems. The wheel is obsolete (no one but Fry even seems to recognize the design), having been forgotten and replaced by hover cars and a network of large, clear pneumatic transportation tubes .

Environmentally, common animals still remain, alongside mutated, cross-bred (sometimes with humans) and extraterrestrial animals. Ironically, spotted owls are often shown to have replaced rats as common household pests. Although rats still exist, sometimes rats act like pigeons, though pigeons still exist, as well. Pine trees, anchovies and poodles have been extinct for 800 years. Earth still suffers the effects of greenhouse gases , although in one episode Leela states that its effects have been counteracted by nuclear winter . In another episode, the effects of global warming have been somewhat mitigated by the dropping of a giant ice cube into the ocean, and later by pushing Earth farther away from the sun, which also extended the year by one week.

_Futurama'_s setting is a backdrop, and the writers are not above committing continuity errors if they serve to further the gags. For example, while the pilot episode implies that the previous Planet Express crew was killed by a space wasp, the later episode "The Sting " is based on the crew having been killed by space bees instead. The "world of tomorrow" setting is used to highlight and lampoon issues of today and to parody the science fiction genre.

THEMES

Earth is depicted as being multicultural to the extent that a wide range of human, robot, and extraterrestrial beings interact with the primary characters. In some ways the future is depicted as being more socially advanced than Fry's, and therefore the audience's, reality. However, it is often shown to have many of the same types of problems, challenges, mistakes, and prejudices as the present.

Robots make up the largest "minority". Most robots are self-aware and have been granted freedom and self-determination, but while a few are depicted as wealthy members of the upper class, they are often treated as second-class citizens. Likewise, robot–human relationships (termed "robosexual") are stigmatized, and robot–human marriages are initially depicted as illegal. Sewer mutants are mutated humans who must live in the sewers by law. They are initially depicted as holding urban legend status and regarded as fictional by most members of the public. This was contradicted by later episodes that depict Earth society as having enforced laws regarding mutants. However, since the conclusion of Season Six, mutants have been granted full status as citizens and are therefore granted the same rights to surface use as normal humans.

Religion is still a prominent part of society, although the dominant religions have evolved. A merging of the major religious groups of the 20th century has resulted in the First Amalgamated Church, while Voodoo is now mainstream. New religions include Oprahism , Robotology , and the banned religion of _Star Trek_ fandom . Religious figures include Father Changstein-El-Gamal , the Robot
Robot
Devil , Reverend Lionel Preacherbot , and passing references to the Space Pope, who appears to be a large crocodile-like creature. Several major holidays have robots associated with them, including the murderous Robot
Robot
Santa and Kwanzaa-bot. While very few episodes focus exclusively on religion within the _Futurama_ universe, they do cover a wide variety of subjects including predestination, prayer, the nature of salvation, and religious conversion. Earthican flag, "Ol' Freebie"

Earth has a unified government headed by the President of Earth. Richard Nixon\'s head is elected to the position in Season Two, and holds the office in subsequent episodes. Earth's capital is Washington, D.C., and the flag of Earth is similar in design to the flag of the United States , with the western hemisphere displayed in place of the fifty stars. The show is set mostly in the former United States, and other parts of the world are rarely shown. Citizens of Earth are referred to as "Earthicans", and English is shown to be the primary language of almost every sentient species.

The Democratic Order of Planets (D.O.O.P.) has been compared to both the United Nations and the United Federation of Planetsof the _Star Trek _ universe. Numerous other planets have been colonized or have made contact by the year 3000. Mars
Mars
has been terraformed and is home to Mars
Mars
University, Mars
Mars
Vegas, and tribes similar to Native Americans , though they departed upon learning that the "worthless bead" they traded their land for (the Martian surface) was actually a giant diamond worth a fortune, deciding to buy another planet and act like it is sacred. The Moon (of which former Vice President Al Gore
Al Gore
is the Emperor) is depicted as a provincial backwater populated by country bumpkins, and is the site of a large theme park.

A derivative of baseball, called blernsball, is played, and the New New York Mets, a laughingstock of the league, still play in Shea Stadium . A New New York Yankees team also exists.

Due to the fact that the world of Fry's time was destroyed, much of the knowledge of history before then was lost. In the 31st century, facts gathered by archaeologists are portrayed as grossly inaccurate. For example, in " The Lesser of Two Evils", the theme park "Past-O-Rama" presents a history in which 20th-century car factories had "primitive robot" assembly lines in which cars were not assembled by giant robotic welding arms, but by robots dressed like stereotypical cavemen wielding clubs. Another example comes from "The Series Has Landed ", in which knowledge of the Moon landinghas been lost for centuries. As a result, archaeologists came to the conclusion that the idea to go to the moon came from the infamous quotation from _ The Honeymooners
The Honeymooners
_ "One of these days, Alice... Bang! Zoom! Straight to the moon!".

HALLMARKS

OPENING SEQUENCE

Much like the opening sequence in _The Simpsons_ with its chalkboard , sax solo , and couch gags , _Futurama_ has a distinctive opening sequence featuring minor gags. As the show begins, blue lights fill the screen and the _ Planet Express Ship_ flies across the screen with the title of the show being spelled out in its wake. Underneath the title is a joke caption such as "Painstakingly drawn before a live audience" or "When you see the robot: DRINK!" After flying through downtown New New York and past various recurring characters, the Planet Express ship crashes into a large screen showing a short clip from a classic cartoon. These have included clips from _Quasi at the Quackadero _, _ Looney Tunes
Looney Tunes
_ shorts, cartoons produced by Max Fleischer , a short of _The Simpsons_ from a Tracey Ullman
Tracey Ullman
episode, the show's own opening sequence in "The Devil\'s Hands Are Idle Playthings " or a scene from the episode. Most episodes in Season 6 use an abridged opening sequence, omitting the brief clip of a classic cartoon. " That Darn Katz!", " Benderama" and " Yo Leela Leela" have been the only episodes since " Spanish Fry" to feature a classic cartoon clip. Several episodes begin with a cold opening before the opening sequence, although these scenes do not always correspond with the episode's plot. The opening sequence has been lampooned several times within the show, in episodes including "That\'s Lobstertainment! ", " The Problem with Popplers", as "_Future-roma_" in "The Duh-Vinci Code " and as "_Futurella_" in " Lrrreconcilable Ndndifferences".

Series director Scott Vanzo has remarked on the difficulty of animating the sequence. It took four to five weeks to fully animate the sequence, and it consists of over 80 levels of 3D animation composited together. It takes approximately one hour to render a single frame, and each second of the sequence consists of around 30 frames.

_Bender's Big Score_ has an extended opening sequence, introducing each of the main characters. In _ The Beast with a Billion Backs_ and _Bender\'s Game _ the ship passes through the screen's glass and temporarily becomes part of the environment depicted therein—a pastiche of Disney 's _ Steamboat Willie_ and _Yellow Submarine _ respectively—before crashing through the screen glass on the way out. In _ Into the Wild Green Yonder_, a completely different opening sequence involves a trip through a futuristic version of Las Vegas located on Mars. The theme tune is sung by Seth MacFarlane
Seth MacFarlane
and is different from the standard theme tune. The end of the film incorporates a unique variation of the opening sequence; as the _Planet Express Ship_ enters a wormhole, it converts into a pattern of lights similar to the lights that appear in the opening sequence.

The _Futurama_ theme was created by Christopher Tyng. The theme is played on the tubular bells but is occasionally remixed for use in specific episodes, including a version by the Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
used for the episode " Hell Is Other Robots", in which they guest starred. The theme also samples a drum break originating from "Amen, Brother" by American soul group The Winstons; however, the drum break is replaced in Season 6. A remixed rendition of the theme is used in Season 5, which features altered instruments and a lower pitch. Season 6 also uses this remix, but it has been reduced again in pitch and tempo. The theme has been noted for its similarities to Pierre Henry's 1967 _Psyché Rock_.

It was originally intended for the _Futurama_ theme to be remixed in every episode. This was first trialled in the opening sequence for " Mars University", however it was realized upon broadcast that the sound did not transmit well through most television sets and the idea was subsequently abandoned. Despite this, beatbox renditions of the theme performed by Billy West
Billy West
and John DiMaggio
John DiMaggio
are used for the episodes " Bender Should Not Be Allowed on TV" and " Spanish Fry".

LANGUAGE

Alien Language 1 and its equivalent Latin
Latin
characters

There are three alternative alphabets that appear often in the background of episodes, usually in the forms of graffiti , advertisements, or warning labels. Nearly all messages using alternative scripts transliterate directly into English. The first alphabet consists of abstract characters and is referred to as Alienese, a simple substitution cipher from the Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
. The second alphabet uses a more complex modular addition code, where the "next letter is given by the summation of all previous letters plus the current letter". The codes often provide additional jokes for fans dedicated enough to decode the messages. The third language sometimes used is Hebrew . Aside from these alphabets, most of the displayed wording on the show uses the Latin
Latin
alphabet.

Several English expressions have evolved since the present day. For example, the word _Christmas_ has been replaced with _Xmas_ (pronounced "_ex_-mas"), and the word _ask_ with _aks_ (pronounced _axe_). According to David X. Cohen
David X. Cohen
it is a running joke that the French language is extinct in the _Futurama_ universe (though the culture remains alive), much like Latin
Latin
is in the present. In the French dubbing of the show, German is used as the extinct language instead.

HUMOR

Although the series uses a wide range of styles of humor, including self-deprecation , black comedy , off-color humor , slapstick , and surreal humor , its primary source of comedy is its satirical depiction of everyday life in the future and its parodical comparisons to the present. Groening notes that, from the show's conception, his goal was to make what was, on the surface, a goofy comedy that would have underlying "legitimate literary science fiction concepts". The series contrasted "low culture " and "high culture " comedy; for example, Bender's catchphrase is the insult "Bite my shiny metal ass" while his most terrifying nightmare is a vision of the number _2_, a joke referring to the binary numeral system (Fry assures him, "there's no such thing as two").

The series developed a cult following partially due to the large number of in-jokes it contains, most of which are aimed at "nerds ". In commentary on the DVD releases, David X. Cohen
David X. Cohen
points out and sometimes explains his "nerdiest joke". These included mathematical jokes — such as "Loew\'s 0 {displaystyle aleph _{0}} _-plex" (aleph-null -plex) movie theater, — as well as various forms of science humor — for example, Professor Farnsworth, at a racetrack, complains about the use of a quantum finish to decide the winner, exclaiming "No fair! You changed the outcome by measuring it", a reference to the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle. In the season six episode " Law and Oracle", Fry and the robot peace officer URL track down a traffic violator who turns out to be Erwin Schrödinger, the 20th-century quantum physicist. On the front seat of the car is a box, and when questioned about the contents, Schrödinger replies "A cat, some poison, and a cesium atom". Fry asks if the cat is alive or dead, and Schrödinger answers "It's a superposition of both states until you open the box and collapse the wave function." When Fry opens the box, the cat jumps out and attacks him. The run is a reference to the Schrödinger\'s cat thought experiment of quantum mechanics. The series makes passing references to quantum chromodynamics (the appearance of Strong Force -brand glue), computer science (two separate books in a closet labeled P_ and _NP_ respectively, referring to the possibility that P and NP-complete problem classes are distinct), electronics (an X-ray — or more accurately, an "F-ray" — of Bender's head reveals a 6502 microprocessor), and genetics (a mention of Bender's "robo- or R-NA"). The show often features subtle references to classic science fiction. These are most often to _Star Trek_ — many soundbites are used in homage — but also include the reference to the origin of the word _robot_ made in the name of the robot-dominated planet Chapek 9, and the black rectangular monolith labeled "Out of Order" in orbit around Jupiter (a reference to Arthur C. Clarke's _Space Odyssey_ series ). Bender and Fry sometimes watch a television show called _The Scary Door_, a humorous parody of _The Twilight Zone _.

Journalist/critic Frank Lovecein _ Newsday
Newsday
_ contrasted the humor tradition of Groening's two series, finding that, "_The Simpsons_ echoes the strains of American-Irish vaudeville humor — the beer-soaked, sneaking-in-late-while-the-wife's-asleep comedy of Harrigan and Hart , McNulty and Murray, the Four Cohans(which, yes, included George M. ) and countless others: knockabout yet sentimental, and ultimately about the bonds of blood family. _Futurama_, conversely, stems from Jewish-American humor, and not just in the obvious archetype of Dr. Zoidberg. From vaudeville to the Catskills to Woody Allen
Woody Allen
, it's that distinctly rueful humor built to ward away everything from despair to petty annoyance — the 'You gotta do what you gotta do' philosophy that helps the 'Futurama' characters cope in a mega-corporate world where the little guy is essentially powerless." Animation maven Jerry Beckconcurred: "I'm Jewish, and I know what you're saying. Fry has that , Dr. Zoidberg, all the Billy West characters. I see it. The bottom line is, the producers are trying to make sure the shows are completely different entities."

RECEPTION, LEGACY, AND ACHIEVEMENTS

SUCCESS

_Futurama'_s 7:00 pm Sunday timeslot caused the show to often be pre-empted by sports and usually have a later than average season premiere. It also allowed the writers and animators to get ahead of the broadcast schedule so that episodes intended for one season were not aired until the following season. By the beginning of the fourth broadcast season, all the episodes to be aired that season had already been completed and writers were working at least a year in advance.

When _Futurama_ debuted in the Fox Sunday night line-up at 8:30 pm between _The Simpsons_ and _ The X-Files_ on March 28, 1999, it managed 19 million viewers, tying for 11th overall in that week's Nielsen ratings. The following week, airing at the same time, _Futurama_ drew 14.2 million viewers. The third episode, the first airing on Tuesday, drew 8.85 million viewers. Though its ratings were well below _The Simpsons_, the first season of _Futurama_ rated higher than competing animated series: _ King of the Hill_, _ Family Guy_, _Dilbert _, _ South Park
South Park
_, and _ The PJs
The PJs
_.

When _Futurama_ was effectively canceled in 2003, it had averaged 6.4 million viewers for the first half of its fourth broadcast season.

In late 2002, Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
acquired exclusive cable syndication rights to _Futurama_ for a reported ten million dollars. In January 2003, the network began airing _Futurama_ episodes as the centerpiece to the expansion of their Adult Swim
Adult Swim
cartoon block. In October 2005, Comedy Central
Comedy Central
picked up the cable syndication rights to air _Futurama_'s 72-episode run at the start of 2008, following the expiration of Cartoon Network's contract. It was cited as the largest and most expensive acquisition in the network's history. It airs every night on Comedy Central
Comedy Central
and WGN. A Comedy Central
Comedy Central
teaser trailer announced the return of _Futurama_ March 23, 2008, which was _Bender's Big Score_ divided into four episodes followed by the other three movies. The series also airs in syndication in many countries around the world.

On June 24, 2010, the season six premiere, "Rebirth ", drew 2.92 million viewers in the 10 pm timeslot on Comedy Central. The second episode of the sixth season, " In-A-Gadda-Da-Leela", aired at 10:30 pm, immediately following the season premiere. "In-A-Gadda-Da-Leela" drew 2.78 million viewers. This was the series' premiere on the network, with original episodes—the fifth season had previously aired on the network, but it had originally been released in the form of the four direct-to-video films.

AWARDS AND NOMINATIONS

YEAR AWARD CATEGORY NOMINEE RESULT

1999 Annie Awards
Annie Awards
Outstanding Achievement in an Animated Television Program _Futurama_ Nominated

Outstanding Individual Achievement for Writing in an Animated Television Production Ken Keelerfor " The Series Has Landed" Nominated

Primetime Emmy Award
Emmy Award
Outstanding Animated Program For " A Big Piece of Garbage" Nominated

2000 Annie Awards Outstanding Individual Achievement for Directing in an Animated Television Production Brian Sheesleyfor " Why Must I Be a Crustacean in Love?" Won

Outstanding Achievement in a Primetime or Late Night Animated Television Program _Futurama_ Nominated

Outstanding Individual Achievement for Directing in an Animated Television Production Susie Dietterfor " A Bicyclops Built for Two" Nominated

Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Individual Achievement in Animation Bari Kumar (color stylist) for " A Bicyclops Built for Two" Won

Environmental Media Awards TV Episodic – Comedy For " The Problem with Popplers" Won

2001 Annie Awards Outstanding Individual Achievement for Voice Acting by a Male Performer in an Animated Television Production John DiMaggio
John DiMaggio
as Bender for " Bendless Love" Won

Outstanding Individual Achievement for Writing in an Animated Television Production Ron Weinerfor " The Luck of the Fryrish" Won

Outstanding Achievement in a Primetime or Late Night Animated Television Production _Futurama_ Nominated

Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Individual Achievement in Animation Rodney Clouden (storyboard artist ) for " Parasites Lost" Won

Outstanding Animated Program For " Amazon Women in the Mood" Nominated

2002 Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Animated Program For " Roswell That Ends Well" Won

Annie Awards Outstanding Directing in an Animated Television Production Rich Moore
Rich Moore
for " Roswell That Ends Well" Won

Best Animated Television Production _Futurama_ Nominated

2003 Annie Awards Music in an Animated Television Production Ken Keelerfor "The Devil\'s Hands Are Idle Playthings " Nominated

Writing in an Animated Television Production Patric Verronefor "The Sting " Nominated

Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Animated Program For " Jurassic Bark" Nominated

Writers Guild of America Award Animation Ken Keelerfor " Godfellas" Won

2004 Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Animated Program For "The Sting " Nominated

Outstanding Music and Lyrics For the song "I Want My Hands Back" in "The Devil\'s Hands Are Idle Playthings " Nominated

Nebula Award
Nebula Award
Best Script David A. Goodmanfor " Where No Fan Has Gone Before" Nominated

Writers Guild of America Award Animation Patric Verronefor "The Sting " Nominated

2007 Annie Awards Best Home Entertainment Production For _Bender\'s Big Score _ Won

2008 Annie Awards Best Home Entertainment Production For _ The Beast with a Billion Backs_ Won

2009 Annie Awards Best Home Entertainment Production For _ Into the Wild Green Yonder_ Won

2010 Annie Awards Best Animated Television Production _Futurama_ Nominated

Outstanding Writing in an Animated Television Production Michael Rowe Nominated

2011 Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Animated Program For "The Late Philip J. Fry" Won

Outstanding Voice-Over Performance Maurice LaMarcheas Lrrr and Orson Welles
Orson Welles
in "Lrrreconcilable Ndndifferences " Won

Annie Awards Best Writing in an Animated Television Production Josh Weinsteinfor "All the Presidents\' Heads " Nominated

Editing in Television Production Paul D. Calder Nominated

Environmental Media Awards TV Episodic – Comedy For " The Futurama Holiday Spectacular" Won

Writers Guild of America Animation Ken Keelerfor " The Prisoner of Benda" Won

Patric Verronefor " Lrrreconcilable Ndndifferences" Nominated

2012 Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Animated Program For "The Tip of the Zoidberg" Nominated

Outstanding Voice-Over Performance Maurice LaMarcheas Clamps, Donbot, Hyper-Chicken, Calculon, Hedonism Bot and Morbo in " The Silence of the Clamps" Won

Annie Awards Outstanding Achievement, Writing in an Animated Television or other Broadcast Venue Production Eric Horstedfor "The Bots and the Bees" Nominated

2013 Annie Awards Best General Audience Animated TV/Broadcast Production _Futurama_ Won

Writing in an Animated TV/Broadcast Production Lewis Morton Won

Outstanding Achievement, Editorial in an Animated TV/Broadcast Production Paul D. Calder Nominated

2014 Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Animated Program For " Meanwhile (Futurama)" Nominated

Outstanding Character Voice-Over Performance Maurice LaMarcheas Calculon and Morbo in " Calculon 2.0" Nominated

ACHIEVEMENTS

The Futurama
Futurama
Theorem

On August 19, 2010, Comedy Central
Comedy Central
aired " The Prisoner of Benda", an episode written by Ken Keeler. To support the plot of this episode, Keeler, a PhD mathematician, penned "The Futurama
Futurama
Theorem", also known as "Keeler's theorem", which establishes (with mathematical proof ) an algorithm for reversing the results of a particular body swap scenario. Other honors

In January 2009, IGN
IGN
named _Futurama_ as the eighth best in the "Top 100 Animated TV Series".

At the 2010 San Diego Comic-Con International
San Diego Comic-Con International
, Guinness World Records presented _Futurama_ with the record for "Current Most Critically Acclaimed Animated Series".

In 2014, WatchMojo.comranked _Futurama_ as the second best cartoon to have been cancelled.

In 2016, _ Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
_ ranked it as the thirtieth best science fiction television show ever.

OTHER MEDIA

COMIC BOOKS

Main article: Futurama Comics

First started in November 2000, _ Futurama
Futurama
Comics_ is a comic book series published by Bongo Comics based in the _Futurama_ universe. While originally published only in the US, a UK, German and Australian version of the series is also available. In addition, three issues were published in Norway. Other than a different running order and presentation, the stories are the same in all versions. While the comics focus on the same characters in the _Futurama_ fictional universe , the comics may not be canonical as the events portrayed within them do not necessarily have any effect upon the continuity of the show.

Like the TV series, each comic (except US comic #20) has a caption at the top of the cover. For example: "Made In The USA! (Printed in Canada)." Some of the UK and Australian comics have different captions on the top of their comics (for example, the Australian version of #20 says "A 21st Century Comic Book" across the cover, while the US version does not have a caption on that issue). All series contain a letters page, artwork from readers, and previews of other upcoming Bongo comics.

FILMS

See also: Futurama (season 5)

When Comedy Central
Comedy Central
began negotiating for the rights to air _Futurama_ reruns, Fox suggested that there was a possibility of also creating new episodes. Negotiations were already underway with the possibility of creating two or three straight-to-DVD films. When Comedy Central
Comedy Central
committed to sixteen new episodes, it was decided that four films would be produced. On April 26, 2006, Groening noted in an interview that co-creator David X. Cohen
David X. Cohen
and numerous writers from the original series would be returning to work on the movies. All the original voice actors participated. In February 2007, Groening explained the format of the new stories: " writing them as movies and then we're going to chop them up, reconfigure them, write new material and try to make them work as separate episodes."

The first movie, _Bender\'s Big Score _, was written by Ken Keeler and Cohen, and includes return appearances by the Nibblonians , Seymour, Barbados Slim, Robot
Robot
Santa , the "God" space entity , Al Gore , and Zapp Brannigan. It was animated in widescreen and was released on standard DVD on November 27, 2007, with a possible Blu-ray Disc release to follow. A release on HD DVD
HD DVD
was rumored but later officially denied. _Futurama: Bender's Big Score_ was the first DVD release for which 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
implemented measures intended to reduce the total carbon footprint of the production, manufacturing, and distribution processes. Where it was not possible to completely eliminate carbon, output carbon offsets were used, thus making the complete process carbon neutral .

The second movie, _ The Beast with a Billion Backs_, was released on June 24, 2008. The third movie, _Bender\'s Game _, was released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc
Blu-ray Disc
on November 3, 2008, in the UK, November 4, 2008, in the USA, and December 10, 2008, in Australia. The fourth movie, _Into the Wild Green Yonder _, was released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc
Blu-ray Disc
on February 24, 2009.

VIDEO GAMES

Main article: Futurama
Futurama
(video game)

On September 15, 2000, _Unique Development Studios_ acquired the license to develop a _Futurama_ video game for consoles and handheld systems. Fox Interactivesigned on to publish the game. Sierra Entertainment later became the game's publisher, and it was released on August 14, 2003. Versions are available for PlayStation 2
PlayStation 2
and Xbox , both of which use cel-shading technology. However, the game was subsequently canceled on the GameCube
GameCube
and Game Boy Advancein North America and Europe. Various video games based on the series were also released. _Futurama: Worlds of Tomorrow_ was released for Android and iOS in 2017.

BROADCAST

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SEASON No. of episodes ORIGINALLY AIRED

SEASON PREMIERE SEASON FINALE TIME SLOT (ET) NETWORK

1 1998–99 9 March 28, 1999 May 18, 1999 Sunday at 8:30 pm (Episodes 1–2) Tuesday at 8:30 pm (Episodes 3–9) Fox

2 1999–2000 20 September 26, 1999 May 21, 2000 Sunday at 8:30 pm (Episodes 1–8) Sunday at 7:00 pm (Episodes 9–20)

3 2000–01 15 November 5, 2000 May 13, 2001 Sunday at 7:00 pm

4 2001–02 12 December 9, 2001 April 21, 2002

5 2002–03 16 November 10, 2002 August 10, 2003

6 2010–11 26 June 24, 2010 September 8, 2011 Thursday at 10:00 pm (Episodes 1, 3–14, 16–26) Thursday at 10:30 pm (Episodes 2, 15) Comedy Central

7 2012–13 26 June 20, 2012 September 4, 2013 Wednesday at 10:00 pm (Episodes 1, 3–12, 14, 16–26) Wednesday at 10:30 pm (Episodes 2, 13, 15)

_Futurama_ premiered and originally aired in the United States on the Fox network, March 28, 1999 – August 10, 2003. Adult Swim
Adult Swim
carried the series in the US January 1, 2003 – December 31, 2007, followed by Comedy Central
Comedy Central
March 23, 2008 – September 4, 2013. Syndicated broadcast of the series in the US began in Fall 2011.

Canadian networks YTV , Teletoon at Nightand Global Television broadcast _Futurama_ March 28, 1999 – August 10, 2003.

The series was broadcast in Australia on the following stations: Seven Network
Seven Network
aired the series from December 2, 1999 – 2004, Fox8 from 2000–present, Network Ten
Network Ten
between 2005–2010, 2012–2014, and on Eleven January 11, 2011–present.

Audiences in New Zealand received the series on the following stations: TV2 March 28, 1999 – 2005, the BOX from 2000–2010, C4 from 2005–2011, Comedy Central
Comedy Central
between 2010–present, on Four from 2011–2013 and Duke (2017-present).

_Futurama_ currently airs in Ireland on networks 3e , Comedy Central , Pick and Sky1
Sky1
.

The series was carried by the following networks in the United Kingdom: Sky1
Sky1
from September 21, 1999 – present, Channel 4
Channel 4
from 2000–2004, FX UKfrom 2004–2005, Sky Living
Sky Living
from 2005 and the series is currently repeated on Pick.

MERCHANDISE

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While relatively uncommon, several action and tin figurines of various characters and items from the show have been made and are being sold by various hobby/online stores. When the show was initially licensed, plans were made with Rocket USA to produce wind-up, walking tin figurines of both Bender and Nibbler with packaging artwork done by the original artists for the series. The Bender toy included a cigar and bottle of "Olde Fortran Malt Liquor" and featured moving eyes, antenna, and a functioning compartment door; it received an "A" rating from Sci Fi Weekly . A can of Slurm actually contains a deck of cards featuring the Planet Express crew as the face cards. A two-deck pack of cards was also released.

I-Men released five two-packs of 2.5-inch (64 mm) high figures: Fry and Calculon ; Zoidbergand Morbo ; Professor Farnsworthand URL ; Robot
Robot
Devil and Bender; Leela and Roberto . Each figure comes with a corresponding collectable coin that can also double as a figure stand.

The collectible releases include a set of bendable action figures, including Lieutenant Kif Kroker , Turanga Leela, and Bender. There have also been a few figures released by Moore Action Collectibles, including Fry, Turanga Leela, Bender, and the _Planet Express Ship_. In late 2006, Rocket USA brought out a limited edition "super" heavyweight die-cast Bender. Another special edition Bender figure was released at the San Diego Comic Con (SDCC) in 2006; the figure was called "Glorious Golden Bender".

Toynamiproduced new _Futurama_ figures. The first series of the Toynamifigures is separated into 3 waves: wave one, released in September 2007, featured Fry and Zoidberg; wave two, released in January 2008, consisted of Leela and Zapp (who comes with Richard Nixon's head-in-a-jar); the third wave, released in June 2008, includes Bender and Kif. Each figure comes with a build-a-figure piece to assemble the Robot
Robot
Devil. The second series of Toynamifigures includes Captain Yesterday (A Fry variant from " Less Than Hero") and Nudar in the first wave. The second wave includes Super-King (Bender from "Less Than Hero") and Calculon , and the third wave includes Clobberella (Leela from "Less Than Hero") and Amy Wong. The figures in series 2 include pieces to build Robot
Robot
Santa. The third, and current, series of the Toynamiline includes Professor Farnsworth(who comes with Nibbler), and Hermes. Wave 2 was released in February 2010 and includes Chef Bender and Mom, who comes with a removable fat-suit. Series 3 figures come with pieces to build Roberto . Series 9 will include URL and Wooden Bender (from " Obsoletely Fabulous") and Series 10 will include Clamps and Joey Mousepad . Series 11 consists of The Donbot and Flexo . That wave will not have a specific Build A Bot character, planned Morbo . All figures feature multiple points of articulation and character-specific accessories.

In August 2009 Kidrobotreleased 3-inch vinyl mini figurines of some of the cast. These are sold in "blind" box form and each comes with an accessory. Probability of receiving each of the characters is printed on the side, with two special mystery characters having unknown probabilities. 6-inch versions of some of the figures are also available as limited editions, but these are not sold as "blind" boxes.

REFERENCES

* ^ Topel, Fred (January 28, 2007). "Groening\'s Bargain to Yield Four _Futurama_ Movies". Reuters. Archived from the original on April 16, 2008. Retrieved June 3, 2008. * ^ Wallenstein, Andrew (June 22, 2006). ""Futurama" gets new life on Comedy Central". Reuters. Archived from the original on November 6, 2006. Retrieved June 3, 2008. * ^ "Comedy Central\'s \'South Park,\' \'Lil\' Bush,\' More to Return in March". August 2, 2007. Retrieved November 8, 2008. * ^ Josef Adalian and Vlada Gelman (February 2, 2010). "Things Are Looking Good for Another Season of Futurama". _ Vulture
Vulture
_. Retrieved February 28, 2010. * ^ _A_ _B_ Hibberd, James (March 24, 2011). "\'Futurama\' renewed for two more years!". Retrieved March 24, 2011. * ^ _A_ _B_ "COMEDY CENTRAL® RENEWS "FUTURAMA" FOR 26 NEW EPISODES". March 29, 2011. Retrieved March 30, 2011. * ^ Dave Itzkoff (April 22, 2013). " Comedy Central
Comedy Central
Cancels \'Futurama\'". _The New York Times_. Retrieved April 22, 2013. * ^ " Futurama
Futurama
axed again". _3 News NZ_. April 23, 2013. * ^ ""\'Futurama\' Series Finale: David X. Cohen
David X. Cohen
Dishes If "Meanwhile" Is Really the End". September 4, 2013. Retrieved September 5, 2013. * ^ "21st Annual Environmental Media Awards". October 2011. Archived from the original on April 7, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2012. * ^ Rich Sands (September 24, 2013). " TV Guide
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* Book: Futurama
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* The dictionary definition of Futurama_ at Wiktionary * <