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An ESPERANTIST ( Esperanto
Esperanto
: Esperantisto) is a person who speaks or uses Esperanto
Esperanto
. If its meaning corresponded with its full etymology, an Esperantist
Esperantist
would be someone who supports or specializes in those who hope (from Esperanto
Esperanto
esperanto "a hoping one", "someone who hopes", from esperi "to hope"). Although definitions of "Esperantist" vary, according to the Declaration of Boulogne
Declaration of Boulogne
("Deklaracio pri la esenco de Esperantismo", declaration about the essence of esperantism ), a document agreed at the first World Congress of Esperanto
Esperanto
, an Esperantist
Esperantist
is someone who speaks Esperanto
Esperanto
and uses it for any purpose. An Esperantist
Esperantist
is also a person who participates in Esperanto culture .

CONTENTS

* 1 Lists of famous Esperantists

* 1.1 Important Esperantists * 1.2 Politicians * 1.3 Writers * 1.4 Scientists * 1.5 Others

* 2 See also * 3 Sources * 4 References * 5 External links

LISTS OF FAMOUS ESPERANTISTS

IMPORTANT ESPERANTISTS

* Muztar Abbasi , Pakistani Scholar, Patron in chief of PakEsA, translated the Qur\'an into Esperanto
Esperanto
and many other works. * William Auld , eminent Scottish Esperanto
Esperanto
poet and nominee for the Nobel Prize for Literature * Julio Baghy , poet, member of the Academy of Esperanto
Esperanto
and "Dad" ("Paĉjo") of the Esperanto
Esperanto
movement. * Henri Barbusse , French writer, honorary president of the first congress of the Sennacieca Asocio Tutmonda . * Kazimierz Bein , "Kabe", prominent Esperanto
Esperanto
activist and writer who suddenly left the Esperanto
Esperanto
movement * Émile Boirac , French writer and first president of the Esperanto language committee (later the Academy of Esperanto) * Elvezio Canonica , famous esperanto teacher at Bordeaux Montaigne University * Antoni Grabowski , the father of Esperanto
Esperanto
poetry * Boris Kolker , Esperantist
Esperantist
scholar and key member of the Academy of Esperanto
Esperanto
* Georges Lagrange , French Esperantist
Esperantist
writer * John Edgar McFadyen * Frederic Pujulà i Vallés , pioneer of Esperanto
Esperanto
in Spain * Jean-Sebo assistant of Elvezio Canonica * Sándor Szathmári , leading figure of Esperanto
Esperanto
literature * Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof , Polish oculist and doctor, inventor of Esperanto.

POLITICIANS

* Kazimierz Badowski , founder of the Communist Party of Poland
Communist Party of Poland
, promoted Esperanto
Esperanto
as part of Trotskyist movement * Richard Bartholdt , U.S. Representative from Missouri * Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood
Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood
, one of the architects of the League of Nations , awarded the Nobel Peace Prize * Parley Parker Christensen , Utah and California politician * Willem Drees
Willem Drees
, Dutch politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1948–1958) * Małgorzata Handzlik , member of the European Parliament * Jean Jaurès
Jean Jaurès
, French politician. He proposed to the International Socialist Congress at Stuttgart in 1907 the use of Esperanto
Esperanto
for the information diffused by the Brussels Office of the organization. * Franz Jonas
Franz Jonas
, President of the Republic of Austria, Secretary of the Austrian Laborist Esperantist
Esperantist
League and founder of Internacio de Socialistaj Esperantistoj ("International of Socialist Esperantists") * Heinz Fischer , President of the Republic of Austria * Josip Broz Tito , head of state of Yugoslavia

WRITERS

* Nadija Hordijenko Andrianova , Ukrainian writer and translator * Maria Angelova , Bulgarian poet * Ragnar Jaðimbalgsøn, Brazilian writer * Ba Jin , prolific Chinese novelist and chairman of Chinese Writer Association * Henri Barbusse , French writer, and honorary president of the first congress of the Sennacieca Asocio Tutmonda * Louis de Beaufront , Esperantist
Esperantist
writer * Gerrit Berveling
Gerrit Berveling
, Dutch Esperantist
Esperantist
poet, translator and editor of the Esperanto
Esperanto
literary review, Fonto * Marjorie Boulton , British writer and poet in English and Esperanto; researcher and writer * Jorge Camacho , Spanish Esperantist
Esperantist
writer * Vasili Eroshenko , Russian writer, Esperantist, linguist, and teacher * Petr Ginz , native Esperanto
Esperanto
speaking boy who wrote an Esperanto-Czech dictionary but later died in a concentration camp at age 16. His drawing of the Moon was carried aboard Space Shuttle Columbia . His diary appears in Czech, Spanish, Catalan and Esperanto, and was recently published in English. * Don Harlow , American Esperantist
Esperantist
writer and webmaster of the United States * Hector Hodler , Swiss journalist, translator, organizer, and philanthropist * Hans Jakob , Swiss writer * Kálmán Kalocsay , Hungarian surgeon, poet, translator, and editor * Georges Lagrange , French Esperanto
Esperanto
writer, member of Academy of Esperanto * Nikolai Vladimirovich Nekrasov , Esperantist
Esperantist
writer and translator of the Soviet Union * Mauro Nervi , Italian poet in the Esperanto
Esperanto
language * Edmond Privat , Swiss author, journalist, university professor, and movement activist * Cezaro Rossetti , Scottish Esperantist
Esperantist
writer * René de Saussure , Swiss writer and activist * Teodoro Schwartz , Hungarian Jewish doctor, lawyer, author and editor * William Thomas Stead
William Thomas Stead
, well-known philanthropist, journalist and pacifist who was aboard the RMS Titanic when it sank. * Þórbergur Þórðarson (Thorbergur Thortharson), Icelandic writer and Esperantist * J. R. R. Tolkien . * Leo Tolstoy , Russian writer and philosopher, who claimed he learned how to write Esperanto
Esperanto
after two hours of study * Vladimir Varankin , Russian writer * Jules Verne , French author, incorporated Esperanto
Esperanto
into his last unfinished work

SCIENTISTS

* Daniel Bovet , Italian pharmacologist and winner of the 1957 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, learned Esperanto
Esperanto
as a first language * Sidney S. Culbert , American linguist and psychologist * Bertalan Farkas
Bertalan Farkas
, Hungarian cosmonaut

* Louis Lumière , French inventor of cinema, said: "The use of Esperanto
Esperanto
could have one of the happiest consequences in its effects on international relations and the establishment of peace." * Wilhelm Ostwald
Wilhelm Ostwald
, German Nobel laureate for his seminal work in chemical catalysis * Claude Piron
Claude Piron
, Esperantist, psychologist, and linguist, translator for the United Nations
United Nations
* Reinhard Selten , German economist and winner of the 1994 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics because of his work on game theory. He has authored two books in Esperanto
Esperanto
on that subject. * Leonardo Torres y Quevedo
Leonardo Torres y Quevedo
, Spanish civil engineer and mathematician. * Yrjö Väisälä , Finnish astronomer, discovered asteroids 1421 Esperanto
Esperanto
and 1462 Zamenhof * John C. Wells , British phonetician and Esperanto
Esperanto
teacher * Vladimir Köppen , Russian geographer of German descent * Marcel Minnaert , Belgian astronomer who worked in Utrecht

OTHERS

* Bahá\'í adherents, many of whom have been involved with Esperanto
Esperanto
– see Bahá\'í Faith and auxiliary language . Lidia Zamenhof was a Bahá'í, and several leading Baha'is have spoken Esperanto. Most notably the Son of Bahá\'u\'lláh , `Abdu\'l-Bahá , learned Esperanto
Esperanto
(see John Esslemont ). * Rudolf Carnap , German-born philosopher. * Onisaburo Deguchi , one of the chief figures of the Oomoto religious movement in Japan and president of the Universala Homama Asocio ("Universal Human-love Association") * Alfred Fried , recipient of a Nobel Peace Prize and author of a textbook on Esperanto * Ebenezer Howard
Ebenezer Howard
, known for his publication Garden Cities of To-morrow (1898), the description of a utopian city in which people live harmoniously together with nature * Pope John Paul II , gave several speeches using Esperanto
Esperanto
during his career * Franko Luin , Swedish type designer of Slovene nationality * John Eyton Bickersteth Mayor , English classical scholar, gave a historic speech against Esperanto
Esperanto
reformists at the World Congress of Esperanto
Esperanto
held at Cambridge * Alexander Nedoshivin , tax specialist, one of the founders of the Esperanto
Esperanto
Society at Kaunas, Lithuania * Seok Joo-myung , Korean ecologist who studied and identified native butterflies of Korea * William Main Page , Secretary of Edinburgh Esperanto
Esperanto
Society, editor and author * László Polgár , Hungarian chess teacher * Susan Polgar
Susan Polgar
, Hungarian-American chess grandmaster, taught Esperanto
Esperanto
by her father László * William Shatner , Canadian actor, recording artist, and author * George Soros
George Soros
, Hungarian-American billionaire and son of Esperantist
Esperantist
parents ("Soros", a name selected by his father to avoid persecution, in Esperanto
Esperanto
means "will soar") * Daniel Tammet , British autistic savant, stated Esperanto
Esperanto
as one of the ten languages he speaks

SEE ALSO

* Esperanto
Esperanto
culture * Interhelpo

SOURCES

This page has been translated from the article fr:Espérantiste on the French, accessed on June 13, 2006.

Information on William Thomas Stead