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Elizabeth is both the largest city and the county seat of Union County, in New Jersey, United States.[20] As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a total population of 124,969,[8][9][10] retaining its ranking as New Jersey's fourth largest city (by population).[21] The population increased by 4,401 (3.7%) from the 120,568 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 10,566 (+9.6%) from the 110,002 counted in the 1990 Census.[22] For 2015, the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program calculated a population of 129,007, an increase of 3.2% from the 2010 enumeration,[12] ranking the city the 210th largest in the nation.[23] In 2008, Elizabeth was named one of "America's 50 Greenest Cities" by Popular Science
Popular Science
magazine, the only city in New Jersey
New Jersey
selected.[24]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Districts and neighborhoods

2.1.1 Midtown / Uptown 2.1.2 Bayway 2.1.3 DownTown / Elizabethport 2.1.4 Elmora and The West End 2.1.5 Elmora Hills 2.1.6 Frog Hollow 2.1.7 Keighry Head 2.1.8 North End / North Elizabeth 2.1.9 Peterstown 2.1.10 The Point / the Crossroads 2.1.11 Quality Hill 2.1.12 Westminster

2.2 Climate

3 Demographics

3.1 2010 Census 3.2 2000 Census

4 Economy 5 Government

5.1 Local government 5.2 Federal, state and county representation 5.3 Politics

6 Police department 7 Fire department

7.1 Fire station
Fire station
locations and apparatus 7.2 Emergency medical services

8 Education

8.1 Private schools 8.2 Libraries

9 Transportation

9.1 Roads and highways 9.2 Public transportation

10 Local media

10.1 Elizabeth public-access channel

11 In popular culture 12 Notable people 13 Sister cities 14 References 15 External links

History[edit] Elizabeth, originally called "Elizabethtown" and part of the Elizabethtown Tract, was founded in 1664 by English settlers. The town was not named for Queen Elizabeth I as many people may assume, but rather for Elizabeth, wife of Sir George Carteret, one of the two original Proprietors of the colony of New Jersey.[25][26][27] She was the daughter of Philippe de Carteret II, 3rd Seigneur de Sark and Anne Dowse. The town served as the first capital of New Jersey.[28] During the American Revolutionary War, Elizabethtown was continually attacked by British forces based on Manhattan
Manhattan
and Staten Island, culminating in the Battle of Springfield which decisively defeated British attempts to gain New Jersey. After independence, it was from Elizabethtown that George Washington embarked by boat to Manhattan
Manhattan
for his 1789 inauguration.[29] There are numerous memorials and monuments of the American Revolution in Elizabeth.[30] On March 13, 1855, the City of Elizabeth was created by an act of the New Jersey
New Jersey
Legislature, combining and replacing both Elizabeth Borough (which dated back to 1740) and Elizabeth Township (which had been formed in 1693), subject to the results of a referendum held on March 27, 1855. On March 19, 1857, the city became part of the newly created Union County. Portions of the city were taken to form Linden Township on March 4, 1861.[31]

The Singer Sewing Machine
Singer Sewing Machine
Company's factory at Elizabethport, ca. 1876

The first major industry, the Singer Sewing Machine
Singer Sewing Machine
Company came to Elizabeth and employed as many as 2,000 people. In 1895, it saw one of the first car companies, when Electric Carriage and Wagon Company was founded to manufacture the Electrobat, joined soon by another electric car builder, Andrew L. Riker. The Electric Boat Company
Electric Boat Company
got its start building submarines for the United States
United States
Navy in Elizabeth, New Jersey, beginning with the launch of USS Holland (SS-1)
USS Holland (SS-1)
in 1897. These pioneering naval craft [known as A-Class] were developed at Lewis Nixon's Crescent Shipyard
Crescent Shipyard
in Elizabeth between the years 1896–1903.[32] Elizabeth grew in parallel to its sister city of Newark for many years, but has been more successful in retaining a middle-class presence and was mostly spared riots in the 1960s.[33] On September 18, 2016, a backpack holding five bombs was discovered outside NJ Transit's Elizabeth train station. One bomb detonated accidentally when a bomb squad robot failed to disarm the contents of the backpack; no one was hurt. Police were initially unsure if this event was related to bombs in Seaside Park, New Jersey
New Jersey
and Manhattan that had exploded the previous day.[34] On September 19, police arrested Ahmad Khan Rahami, a 28-year-old Afghan-born naturalized U.S. citizen, for questioning in connection with all three incidents; the FBI
FBI
considered Rahami, whose last known address was within 0.5 miles (0.8 km) of the train station, to be armed and dangerous.[35][36] Geography[edit] According to the United States
United States
Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 13.464 square miles (34.873 km2), including 12.319 square miles (31.907 km2) of land and 1.145 square miles (2.966 km2) of water (8.51%).[1][2] Elizabeth is bordered to the southwest by Linden, to the west by Roselle and Roselle Park, to the northwest by Union and Hillside, to the north by Newark (in Essex County). To the east the city is across the Newark Bay
Newark Bay
from Bayonne in Hudson County and the Arthur Kill
Arthur Kill
from Staten Island, New York.[37] The borders of Elizabeth, Bayonne, and Staten Island
Staten Island
meet at one point on Shooters Island, of which 7.5 acres (3.0 ha) of the island is owned by Elizabeth, though the island is managed by the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation.[38] The Elizabeth River is a waterway that courses through the city for 4.2 miles (6.8 km) and is largely channelized, before draining into the Arthur Kill.[39] Districts and neighborhoods[edit] Midtown / Uptown[edit]

Art Deco
Art Deco
Hersch Tower[40]

Goethals Bridge

Midtown also occasionally known as Uptown, is the main commercial district and a historic section as well. It includes the First Presbyterian Church and St. John's Episcopal Church, and its St. John's Episcopal Churchyard. The First Presbyterian Church was a battleground for the American Revolution. Located here are also the 1931 Art Deco
Art Deco
Hersh Tower,[40] the Thomas Jefferson Arts Academy, and the Ritz Theatre which has been operating since 1926. Midtown/Uptown includes the area once known as "Brittanville" which contained many English type gardens. Bayway[edit] Bayway is located in the southern part of the city and borders the City of Linden. From US 1&9 and Allen Street, between the Elizabeth River and the Arthur Kill, it has maintained a strong Polish community for years. Developed at the turn of the 20th century, many of the area residents once worked at the refinery which straddles both Elizabeth and Linden. There are unique ethnic restaurants, bars, and stores along Bayway Avenue, and a variety of houses of worship. Housing styles are older and well maintained. There are many affordable two to four-family housing units, and multiple apartment complexes. The western terminus of the Goethals Bridge, which spans the Arthur Kill
Arthur Kill
to Staten Island
Staten Island
can be found here. A small section of the neighborhood was isolated with both the completion of the Goethals Bridge in 1928 and the construction of the New Jersey
New Jersey
Turnpike in the 1950s. This section known as "Relocated Bayway" will soon be a memory and piece of history as many of the residents have been relocated themselves to make way for the expansion of the Goethals Bridge. DownTown / Elizabethport[edit] Downtown / E-Port (a.k.a. The Port and Elizabethport) is the oldest neighborhood in Elizabeth and perhaps the most diverse place in the city. It is a collection of old world Elizabeth, new America, and a mix of colonial-style houses and apartment buildings that stretch east of 7th Street to its shores. The name derived from its dependency of businesses catering to seagoing ventures. It was a thriving center of business between approximately the 1660s through the middle of the 20th century. This area has had a great deal of improvement in the last fifteen years. Many homes have been refurbished or replaced with new, more ornate constructions. Housing projects that stood for years along First Street were demolished and replaced with attractive apartment complexes for those with low to moderate incomes. New townhomes on the waterfront have been developed, and new two-family homes are currently under construction. The area formerly had three neighborhoods called Buckeye, New Mexico
Mexico
and Diamondville. It is the former home of the Singer Manufacturing Company, makers of Singer sewing machines, which constructed a 1,400,000-square-foot (130,000 m2) facility on a 32-acre (13 ha) site in 1873. Shortly after it opened, the factory manufactured the majority of all sewing machines. With 6,000 employees working there in the 1870s, it was the largest number of workers at a single facility at the time of its construction. The company moved out in 1982.[41] The Elizabeth Marina, which in the past was filled with trash and debris along its walkway, was also beautified and many celebrations are held year round, from a Hispanic festival in the late spring to the lighting of a Christmas tree in the winter. Living conditions in this area continue to improve year after year. Historically, there was a Slavic community here, centered by a church (Sts. Peter and Paul Byzantine) and a Lithuanian (Sts. Peter and Paul, R.C.) and Polish (St. Adalbert) Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church
still stands in the neighborhood. St. Patrick Church, originally Irish, dominates the 'Port and had its cornerstone laid in 1887.[42] Elmora and The West End[edit]

Warinanco Park, Elmora

Elmora is a middle/working-class neighborhood in the western part of Elizabeth. The main thoroughfare, Elmora Avenue, boasts some of the best restaurants, shops and boutiques. A few of the city's most luxurious high-rise building complexes, affording views of the New York skyline, dot the edge of this neighborhood and are convenient to the Midtown NJ Transit
NJ Transit
Train Station. The neighborhood area forms a "V" from its approximate borders of the Central RR tracks to Rahway Avenue.

Immaculate Heart of Mary and St. Patrick's Church, Elizabethport

Elmora Hills[edit] The northwestern part of Elmora is known as Elmora Hills. It is a strongly middle- to upper-middle-class neighborhood. Originally called Shearerville, the name Elmora came from the developers of the area, the El Mora Land Company. This area was annexed from Union, returning to Elizabeth in the early part of the 20th century. This was done to increase the city's tax base as major improvements to infrastructure were necessary at the time. Frog Hollow[edit] Frog Hollow is a small community of homes east of Atlantic Street, west of the Arthur Kill, and south of Elizabeth Avenue. Its name is derived from the excellent frog catching in its marshes as well as the excellent oyster and fishing of the past. The area expanded east and includes the area formerly known as Helltown. Helltown included many of the docks and shipyards, as well as several drydocks. The area's developer was Edward N. Kellogg, who also laid out the neighborhood in Keighry Head. Frog Hollow contains older-style, affordable homes, rentals, and some quality restaurants in a working-class community. The statue honoring former Mayor
Mayor
Mack on Elizabeth Avenue is a landmark in the community. Frog Hollow is also convenient to the Veteran's Memorial Waterfront Park. Keighry Head[edit] Its name is attributed to James Keighry of the Isle of Kerry, Ireland. He was a notable resident who owned a business facing the square formed at the junction of Jackson, Madison, Chestnut and Magnolia Avenues. The approximate borders of this neighborhood extended north from East Grand Street to Flora Street and from Walnut to Division Street. Developed by Edward N. Kellogg, many of the streets were named after family and friends. Keighry Head is located close to Midtown, containing affordable one and two-family homes, and apartment houses, convenient to the Midtown shopping district, and transportation.

War monument; north Elizabeth

North End / North Elizabeth[edit] The North End, also known as "North Elizabeth", is a diverse working-class neighborhood. The borders are approximately the Arch north to the city line between North Broad Street and US 1&9. It was developed mostly in the 1920s for workers in the Dusenburg automobile plant (later Durant Auto, Burry Biscuits and Interbake Foods). The area was heavily settled by the Irish and then Portuguese. The North End has easy access to New York and Newark via its own NJ Transit train station, Routes 1&9 and the NJ Turnpike. The neighborhood also has Crane Square, the Historic Nugents Tavern, and Kellogg Park and its proximity to Newark Airport. There is currently a plan in place to develop the former Interbake Foods facility into shopping and residential townhouses and condominiums. This community contains many larger one and two-family homes that have been rebuilt over the past decade. North Elizabeth also features many well-kept apartment houses and condominium units on and around North Avenue that are home to professionals who work in New York or the area. The only Benedictine women's community in New Jersey
New Jersey
is located at Saint Walburga Monastery on North Broad Street. Peterstown[edit]

War memorial in Union Square

Peterstown (also known as "The Burg") is a middle/working-class neighborhood in the southeastern part of the city. Its borders run west of Atlantic Street to South Spring Street from 1st Avenue to the Elizabeth River. Its name is derived from John Peters, who owned most of the land with George Peters. They divided the land and developed it during the end of the 19th century. The area was once predominantly occupied by its earliest settlers, who were German, and during the 1920s was gentrified by newly immigrated Italians. Peterstown has clean, quiet streets and has many affordable housing opportunities with a "village" feel. The area contains the historic Union Square, which is home to produce stands, meat markets, fresh fish and poultry stores. Peterstown is also home of the DeCavalcante crime family, one of the most infamous Mafia families in the United States. The Point / the Crossroads[edit] The Point, formally known as the Crossroads, is centrally located and defined by New Point Road and Division Street. It is close to Midtown and contains many new affordable two-family homes, apartment houses and is undergoing a transformation. The former Elizabeth General Hospital site is currently being demolished and awaiting a new development. Quality Hill[edit] Home to St. Mary's and the "Hilltoppers", this area once was lined with mansions. Its approximate borders were South Broad Street to Grier Avenue and Pearl Street to what is now US 1&9. During its development in the 1860s it was the most fashionable area of the city to live. It is now a quiet middle class community experiencing a re-development with many new condominiums. Westminster[edit] Developed by Edward J. Grassman, Westminster got its name from the city's largest residential estates of the Tudor style and was inhabited by many residents who traced their ancestry to England. This neighborhood borders Hillside with the Elizabeth River running its border creating a dramatic splash of greenery and rolling hills off of North Avenue, near Liberty Hall. Residents use this area for recreation, whether it is at the newly christened Phil Rizzuto
Phil Rizzuto
Park area, or for bird watching or for sunbathing by the river. It is one of the more affluent areas of Elizabeth. Climate[edit] The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and cold winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification
Köppen Climate Classification
system, Elizabeth has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[43] Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Census Pop.

1810 2,977

1820 3,515

18.1%

1830 3,455

−1.7%

1840 4,184

21.1%

1850 5,583

33.4%

1860 11,567

107.2%

1870 20,832 * 80.1%

1880 28,229

35.5%

1890 37,764

33.8%

1900 52,130

38.0%

1910 73,409

40.8%

1920 95,783

30.5%

1930 114,589

19.6%

1940 109,912

−4.1%

1950 112,817

2.6%

1960 107,698

−4.5%

1970 112,654

4.6%

1980 106,201

−5.7%

1990 110,002

3.6%

2000 120,568

9.6%

2010 124,969

3.7%

Est. 2016 128,640 [12][44] 2.9%

Population sources: 1810–1970[45] 1810–1920[46] 1810[47] 1820[48] 1830[49] 1840[50] 1850–1870[51] 1850[52] 1870[53] 1880–1890[54] 1890–1910[55] 1860–1930[56] 1930–1990[57] 2000[58][59] 2010[8][9][10][60] * = Lost territory in previous decade.[31]

2010 Census[edit] As of the 2010 United States
United States
Census, there were 124,969 people, 41,596 households, and 29,325 families residing in the city. The population density was 10,144.1 per square mile (3,916.7/km2). There were 45,516 housing units at an average density of 3,694.7 per square mile (1,426.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 54.65% (68,292) White, 21.08% (26,343) Black or African American, 0.83% (1,036) Native American, 2.08% (2,604) Asian, 0.04% (52) Pacific Islander, 16.72% (20,901) from other races, and 4.59% (5,741) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 59.50% (74,353) of the population.[8] The city's Hispanic population was the tenth-highest percentage among municipalities in New Jersey
New Jersey
as of the 2010 Census.[61] There were 41,596 households out of which 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 22.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.43.[8] In the city, the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.2 years. For every 100 females there were 98.6 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 96.8 males.[8] The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey
American Community Survey
showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $43,770 (with a margin of error of +/- $1,488) and the median family income was $46,891 (+/- $1,873). Males had a median income of $32,268 (+/- $1,205) versus $27,228 (+/- $1,427) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $19,196 (+/- $604). About 14.7% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.5% of those under age 18 and 18.5% of those age 65 or over.[62] 2000 Census[edit] As of the 2000 United States
United States
Census[17] there were 120,568 people, 40,482 households, and 28,175 families residing in the city. The population density was 9,865.5 inhabitants per square mile (3,809.5/km2). There were 42,838 housing units at an average density of 3,505.2 per square mile (1,353.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 55.78% White, 19.98% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 2.35% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 15.51% from other races, and 5.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 49.46% of the population.[58][59] The nation where the highest number of foreign-born inhabitants of Elizabeth were born was Colombia, which was the birthplace of 8,731 Elizabeth residents as of the 2000 Census. This exceeded the combined total of Mexico
Mexico
and Central America
Central America
of 8,214. It also far exceeded the next highest single nation count of Cuba
Cuba
at 5,812. The largest number for a non-Spanish speaking country and third highest overall was immigrants from Portugal
Portugal
numbering 4,544. The next largest groups were Salvadoran immigrants numbering 4,043, Peruvians 3,591 and Dominican immigrants, of whom there were 3,492.[63] There were 40,482 households out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.45.[58][59] In the city the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 33.7% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.[58][59] The median income for a household in the city was $35,175, and the median income for a family was $38,370. Males had a median income of $30,757 versus $23,931 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,114. About 15.6% of families and 17.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.2% of those under age 18 and 17.2% of those age 65 or over.[58][59] Economy[edit]

Industrial "backyard" east of Elizabeth, New Jersey

Since World War II, Elizabeth has seen its transportation facilities grow; the Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal
Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal
is one of the busiest ports in the world, as is Newark Liberty International Airport, parts of which are actually in Elizabeth. Elizabeth also features Little Jimmy's Italian Ices (since 1932), the popular Jersey Gardens
Jersey Gardens
outlet mall, Loews Theater, and the Elizabeth Center, which generate millions of dollars in revenue. Companies based in Elizabeth include New England Motor Freight. Together with Linden, Elizabeth is home to the Bayway Refinery, a Phillips 66
Phillips 66
refining facility that supplies petroleum-based products to the New York/ New Jersey
New Jersey
area, producing approximately 230,000 barrels (37,000 m3) per day. Celadon, a mixed-use development containing 14 glass skyscrapers, offices, retail, a hotel, boardwalk and many other amenities is proposed to border the east side of the Jersey Gardens
Jersey Gardens
mall, directly on the Port Newark Bay. Groundbreaking was scheduled for the summer of 2008 on the ferry, roads and parking, and construction will continue for at least twelve years.[64] Portions of the city are covered by the Urban Enterprise Zone, one of 27 zones in the state. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3.3125% sales tax rate (versus the 6.625% rate charged statewide, effective January 1, 2018) at eligible merchants.[65][66][67] Established in 1992, the city's Urban Enterprise Zone status expires in November 2023.[68] Government[edit]

City Hall, Eggers & Higgins, architects, 1940.[69]

Local government[edit] The City of Elizabeth is governed within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Mayor-Council system of municipal government. The city government of Elizabeth is made up of a Mayor
Mayor
and a City Council. The Elizabeth City Council is made up of nine members, who are elected to serve four-year terms of office on a staggered basis with elections held in even years. The three Council members elected at-large and mayor come up for election together in leap years and two years later the six members who are elected from each of Elizabeth's six wards are all up for election.[6] As of 2018[update], the city's Mayor
Mayor
is Democrat Chris Bollwage, a lifelong resident of Elizabeth who is serving his seventh term as Mayor, serving a term of office that ends December 31, 2020.[3] City Council members are Council President Manny Grova Jr. (at-large; D, 2020), Carlos Cedeño (Fourth Ward; D, 2018), Frank J. Cuesta (at-large; D, 2020), William Gallman Jr. (Fifth Ward; D, 2018), Nelson Gonzalez (Second Ward; D, 2018), Kevin Kiniery (Third Ward; D, 2018), Frank O. Mazza (Sixth Ward; D, 2018), Patricia Perkins-Auguste (at-large; D, 2020) and Carlos L. Torres (First Ward; D, 2018).[70][71][72][73][74] Bollwage, who has served as mayor of Elizabeth since 1992, was paid an annual salary of $152,564 in 2016, placing him among the three highest-paid mayors in the state and the only mayor in Union County to earn annual compensation in excess of $100,000.[75][76] Federal, state and county representation[edit] Elizabeth is located in the 8th Congressional District[77] and is part of New Jersey's 20th state legislative district.[9][78][79] Prior to the 2010 Census, Elizabeth had been split between the 10th Congressional District and the 13th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey
New Jersey
Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[80] New Jersey's Eighth Congressional District is represented by Albio Sires (D, West New York).[81] New Jersey
New Jersey
is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker
Cory Booker
(Newark, term ends 2021)[82] and Bob Menendez
Bob Menendez
(Paramus, 2019).[83][84] For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 20th Legislative District of the New Jersey
New Jersey
Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Joseph Cryan (D, Union Township, Union County) and in the General Assembly by Jamel Holley
Jamel Holley
(D, Roselle) and Annette Quijano (D, Elizabeth).[85][86] The Governor of New Jersey
New Jersey
is Phil Murphy (D, Middletown Township).[87] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Sheila Oliver
Sheila Oliver
(D, East Orange).[88] Union County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose nine members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis with three seats coming up for election each year, with an appointed County Manager overseeing the day-to-day operations of the county. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Chairman and Vice Chairman from among its members.[89] As of 2014[update], Union County's Freeholders are Chairman Christopher Hudak (D, Linden, term ends December 31, 2014),[90] Vice Chairman Mohamed S. Jalloh (D, Roselle, 2015),[91] Bruce Bergen (D, Springfield Township, 2015),[92] Linda Carter (D, Plainfield, 2016),[93] Angel G. Estrada (D, Elizabeth, 2014),[94] Sergio Granados (D, Elizabeth, 2016)[95] Bette Jane Kowalski (D, Cranford, 2016),[96] Alexander Mirabella (D, Fanwood, 2015)[97] and Vernell Wright (D, Union, 2014).[98][99] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Joanne Rajoppi (D, Union, 2015),[100] Sheriff Ralph Froehlich (D, Union, 2016)[101] and Surrogate James S. LaCorte (D, Springfield Township, 2014).[102][103] The County Manager is Alfred Faella.[104] Politics[edit] As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 44,415 registered voters in Elizabeth, of which 24,988 (56.3% vs. 41.8% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 2,430 (5.5% vs. 15.3%) were registered as Republicans and 16,985 (38.2% vs. 42.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 12 voters registered to other parties.[105] Among the city's 2010 Census population, 35.5% (vs. 53.3% in Union County) were registered to vote, including 47.8% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.6% countywide).[105][106] In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama
Barack Obama
received 24,751 votes (80.8% vs. 66.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 5,213 votes (17.0% vs. 32.3%) and other candidates with 166 votes (0.5% vs. 0.8%), among the 30,640 ballots cast by the city's 50,715 registered voters, for a turnout of 60.4% (vs. 68.8% in Union County).[107][108] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 23,524 votes (74.3% vs. 63.1% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain
John McCain
with 7,559 votes (23.9% vs. 35.2%) and other candidates with 202 votes (0.6% vs. 0.9%), among the 31,677 ballots cast by the city's 48,294 registered voters, for a turnout of 65.6% (vs. 74.7% in Union County).[109] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry
John Kerry
received 18,363 votes (67.2% vs. 58.3% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush
George W. Bush
with 8,486 votes (31.0% vs. 40.3%) and other candidates with 144 votes (0.5% vs. 0.7%), among the 27,334 ballots cast by the city's 45,882 registered voters, for a turnout of 59.6% (vs. 72.3% in the whole county).[110] In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono
Barbara Buono
received 63.2% of the vote (7,804 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 35.5% (4,379 votes), and other candidates with 1.3% (163 votes), among the 13,592 ballots cast by the city's 49,515 registered voters (1,246 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 27.5%.[111][112] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine
Jon Corzine
received 10,258 ballots cast (66.8% vs. 50.6% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 4,386 votes (28.6% vs. 41.7%), Independent Chris Daggett with 376 votes (2.4% vs. 5.9%) and other candidates with 131 votes (0.9% vs. 0.8%), among the 15,355 ballots cast by the city's 46,219 registered voters, yielding a 33.2% turnout (vs. 46.5% in the county).[113] Police department[edit] The Elizabeth Police Department was established in May 1858.[114] Fire department[edit]

Elizabeth Fire Department (EFD)

Operational area

Country United States

State New Jersey

City Elizabeth

Agency overview

Established January 1, 1902

Commissioner Onofrio Vitullo (Director)

EMS level BLS

Facilities and equipment

Battalions 1

Stations 7

Engines 7

Ladders 3

Rescues 2

Ambulances 6

HAZMAT 1

USAR 1

Fireboats 1

The Elizabeth Fire Department provides fire protection and emergency medical services to the city of Elizabeth.[115] The Elizabeth Fire Department was established as a volunteer organization in 1837 when Engine Company # 1 was organized. In 1901, the volunteer department was no longer adequate and the department reorganized into a paid department on January 1, 1902.[116] The department is part of the Metro USAR Strike Team, which consists of nine North Jersey
North Jersey
fire departments and other emergency services divisions working to address major emergency rescue situations.[117] Fire station
Fire station
locations and apparatus[edit]

Engine company Ladder company Special
Special
unit Command unit Address

Engine 1 Tower Ladder 3

24 S. Broad Street

Engine 2

651 S. Broad Street

Engine 3 Ladder 2 (Tiller) Haz-Mat. 1, Air Cascade Unit1, Decon. Trailer

442 Trumbull Street

Engine 5

QRV 1 (Quick Attack Response Vehicle), Foam Unit1, Fire Boat 1

147 Elizabeth Avenue

Engine 6

472 Catherine Street

Engine 7 Ladder 1 Rescue 1, Rescue 2 – Metro USAR Collapse Rescue Strike Team Unit, Special
Special
Operations Vehicle 1 Car 42 (Deputy Chief), Car 43 (Battalion Chief) 411 Irvington Avenue

Engine 8

Tactical Support Unit 1

524 W. Grand Street

Emergency medical services[edit] Emergency medical services
Emergency medical services
are provided by the Elizabeth Fire Department's Division of Emergency Medical Services. This is a civilian division of the fire department and handles approx 20,000 calls a year. The division is made up of an EMS chief, 5 supervisors, 28 full-time emergency medical technicians, and approximately 12 per-diem EMTs. The division, at its maximum staffing, aims to operate five ambulances and a supervisor on days (7am-7pm) and three ambulances and a supervisor on nights (7pm-7am). Education[edit]

The John E. Dwyer Technology Academy and Dunn Sports Center

The city's public schools are operated by Elizabeth Public Schools, serving students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide,[118] which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.[119][120] As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its 35 schools had an enrollment of 27,218 students and 2,106.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.9:1.[121] With 5,300 students, Elizabeth High School was the largest high school in the state of New Jersey
New Jersey
and one of the largest in the United States, and underwent a split that created five new academies and a smaller Elizabeth High School under a transformation program that began in the 2009–10 school year.[122] The school was the 294th-ranked public high school in New Jersey
New Jersey
out of 322 schools statewide, in New Jersey
New Jersey
Monthly magazine's September 2010 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", after being ranked 302nd in 2008 out of 316 schools.[123] Before the 2008–09 school year, all of the district's schools (except high schools) became K–8 schools, replacing the middle schools and elementary schools. SchoolDigger.com ranked Elizabeth 449th of 558 districts evaluated in New Jersey.[124] These and other indicators reveal a seriously declining performance standard in the city's schools. Data reported by the state Department of Education showed that a majority of students in a majority of the Elizabeth public schools failed basic skills tests.[125] In the 2008–09 school year, Victor Mravlag Elementary School No. 21 was recognized with the Blue Ribbon School Award of Excellence by the United States
United States
Department of Education,[126] the highest award an American school can receive.[127][128] For the 2006–07 school year, William F. Halloran Alternative School #22 was one of four schools in New Jersey
New Jersey
recognized with the Blue Ribbon Award.[129] William F. Halloran Alternative School #22 earned a second award when it was one of 11 in the state to be recognized in 2014 by the National Blue Ribbon Schools Program.[130][131][132] Private schools[edit] Elizabeth is also home to several private schools. The coeducational St. Mary of the Assumption High School, which was established 1930,[133] and the all-girls Benedictine Academy, which is run by the Benedictine Sisters of Saint Walburga Monastery,[134] both operate under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark.[135] The Newark Archdiocese also operates the K–8 schools Our Lady of Guadalupe Academy and St. Genevieve School, which was founded in 1926.[136] Following the closure of Saint Patrick High School by the Newark Archdiocese in June 2012 in the face of increasing costs and declining enrollment, administrators and parents affiliated with the defunct school opened an independent non-denominational school located on Morris Avenue in Elizabeth called "The Patrick School" in September 2012.[137][138][139] The Benedictine Preschool, operated by the Benedictine Sisters, is housed at Saint Walburga Monastery.[140] The Jewish Educational Center comprises the Yeshiva of Elizabeth (nursery through sixth grades), the Rav Teitz Mesivta Academy
Rav Teitz Mesivta Academy
(for boys in grades 6-12) and Bruriah High School (for girls in grades 7-12).[141] Princeton University
Princeton University
was founded in 1746 in Elizabeth as the College of New Jersey.[142] Libraries[edit] The Elizabeth Public Library, the free public library with a main library, originally a Carnegie library, and three branches[143] had a collection of 384,000 volumes and annual circulation of about 115,000 in 2016.[143][144] Transportation[edit] Roads and highways[edit] Elizabeth is a hub of several major roadways including the New Jersey Turnpike / Interstate 95, Interstate 278
Interstate 278
(including the Goethals Bridge, which carries Interstate 278
Interstate 278
over the Arthur Kill
Arthur Kill
between Elizabeth and Howland Hook, Staten Island), U.S. Route 1/9, Route 27, Route 28, and Route 439. Elizabeth's own street plan, in contrast to the more usual grid plan, is to a large degree circular, with circumferential and radial streets centered on the central railroad station. As of May 2010[update], the city had a total of 153.78 miles (247.48 km) of roadways, of which 123.75 miles (199.16 km) were maintained by the municipality, 12.27 miles (19.75 km) by Union County and 11.80 miles (18.99 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 5.96 miles (9.59 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[145] There are numerous crossings of the Elizabeth River. The city was once home to several smaller bascule bridges. The South First Street Bridge over the river, originally built in 1908, was replaced by a fixed span. The South Front Street Bridge, built in 1922, has been left in the open position since March 2011.[146] A study is underway to determine if the bridge can be rehabilitated.[147] The bridge is notable in that it is the only remaining movable road bridge in Union County (movable railroad bridges still exist). Public transportation[edit]

CNJ's former Elizabeth Broad Street train station, completed in 1893 or 1894, with the current NJT station in the background

Elizabeth is among the U.S. cities with the highest train ridership. It is serviced by NJ Transit
NJ Transit
on Amtrak's Northeast Corridor Line. There are two active stations in Elizabeth. Elizabeth station, also called Broad Street Elizabeth or Midtown Station, is the southern station in Midtown Elizabeth.[148] The other train station in Elizabeth is North Elizabeth station.[149] NJ Transit
NJ Transit
has planned a segment of the Newark-Elizabeth Rail Link (NERL), designated as the Union County Light Rail
Union County Light Rail
(UCLR). The UCLR was planned to connect Midtown Station with Newark Liberty International Airport and have seven or eight other stations in between within Elizabeth city limits.[150][151] A possible extension of this future line to Plainfield would link the city of Elizabeth with the Raritan Valley Line. NJ Transit
NJ Transit
provides bus service on the 111, 112, 113 and 115 routes to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal
Port Authority Bus Terminal
in Midtown Manhattan, on the 24, 40, 48, 59 and 62 routes to Newark, New Jersey, with local service available on the 26, 52, 56, 57 and 58 routes.[152] The Colombian airline Avianca
Avianca
operates a private bus service from John F. Kennedy Airport to Union City and Elizabeth for passengers on Avianca
Avianca
flights departing from and arriving to JFK.[153] Local media[edit] WJDM at 1530 on the AM dial is licensed to Elizabeth. It features Spanish Christian programming.[154] News 12 New Jersey
New Jersey
offers weather and news channels with coverage of the city. Elizabeth public-access channel[edit] Residents of Elizabeth can tune into the public-access television cable-TV channel at any time to view public information such as the city bulletin board, live meetings, important health information and tips. This service is provided by Optimum Local Programming. The service can be found on channel 18. The channel also has features such as the top ten ranked television shows, educational facts, quote of the day, gas price statistics, and tips for keeping the city safe and clean. In popular culture[edit] The city is the focal point of Elizabeth native Judy Blume's 2015 novel In The Unlikely Event, the backdrop for which was the crash of three commercial airliners in Elizabeth within a period of two months in 1951–52.[155] In the opening credits of The Sopranos, part of the city is shown.[156] Elizabeth is the hometown of Mary Dawn Dwyer Levov, the principal female character in Philip Roth's 1997 Pulitzer Prize-winning novel American Pastoral.[157] Notable people[edit] See also: Category:People from Elizabeth, New Jersey. People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Elizabeth include:

Asad Abdul-Khaliq
Asad Abdul-Khaliq
(born 1980), starting quarterback for the Minnesota Golden Gophers from 2000 to 2003[158] Luqman Abdullah (born 1981), FBI's "Most Wanted" drug kingpin[159] A. Bernard Ackerman (1936–2008), physician; a founding figure in the field of dermatopathology[160] Ryan Adeleye (born 1985), professional soccer defender who has played for Hapoel Ashkelon[161] Matthias W. Baldwin
Matthias W. Baldwin
(1795–1866), inventor and machinery manufacturer, specializing in the production of steam locomotives, whose machine shop, established in 1825, grew to become Baldwin Locomotive Works[162] Stephen Bercik (1921–2003), politician; mayor of Elizabeth from 1956 to 1964[163] Benjamin Blackledge (1743–1815), educator and public official[164] Judy Blume
Judy Blume
(born 1938), author[165] Elias Boudinot
Elias Boudinot
(1740–1821), President of the Continental Congress; early U.S. Congressman[166] Todd Bowles (born 1963), former NFL
NFL
defensive back with the Washington Redskins and San Francisco 49ers; current Head Coach of the New York Jets, starting in the 2015 NFL
NFL
season[167] David Brody (born 1930), historian; professor emeritus of history at the University of California, Davis[168] Hubie Brown
Hubie Brown
(born 1933), former basketball coach and current television analyst.[169] Antoinette Brown Blackwell
Antoinette Brown Blackwell
(1825–1921), first woman to be ordained as a mainstream Protestant minister in the U.S.[170] Robert Nietzel Buck
Robert Nietzel Buck
(1914–2007), broke the junior transcontinental air speed record in 1930; youngest pilot ever licensed in the U.S.[171] N. J. Burkett (born 1962), news correspondent for WABC-TV[172] William Burnet (1730–1791), physician who represented New Jersey
New Jersey
in the Continental Congress
Continental Congress
from 1780 to 1781[173] Arthur Leopold Busch (1866–1956), submarine pioneer who constructed the USS Holland SS-1[174] James G. Butler (1920–2005), trial lawyer who was known for winning many large verdicts for plaintiffs in civil litigation, including the first in a thalidomide case[175] Nicholas Murray Butler
Nicholas Murray Butler
(1862–1947), winner of the Nobel Peace Prize; a founder of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace[176] Elias B. Caldwell (1776–1825), Clerk of the Supreme Court of the United States[177] Joan Carroll
Joan Carroll
(1931-2016), actress, known for films such as Meet Me in St. Louis and The Bells of St. Mary's Rodney Carter (born 1964), former NFL
NFL
running back/3rd down receiver with the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Steelers[178] Al Catanho (born 1972), former linebacker in the NFL
NFL
for the New England Patriots and the Washington Redskins[179] John Catlin
John Catlin
(1803–1874), acting Governor of Wisconsin Territory[180] Gil Chapman
Gil Chapman
(born 1953), running back and return specialist for the University of Michigan
University of Michigan
and New Orleans Saints[181] Michael Chertoff
Michael Chertoff
(born 1953), United States
United States
Secretary of Homeland Security; was born and raised there[182][183][184] Abraham Clark
Abraham Clark
(1725–1794), Member of the Continental Congress; signer of the Declaration of Independence[185] Amos Clark Jr.
Amos Clark Jr.
(1828–1912), politician and businessman who represented New Jersey's 3rd congressional district
New Jersey's 3rd congressional district
from 1873 to 1875.[186] Freddie 'Red' Cochrane (1915–1993), professional boxer in the welterweight (147 lb) division who became World Champion in 1941 in that class[187] Jim Colbert (born 1941), golfer and multiple winner on both the PGA Tour and Champions Tour[188] Tom Colicchio
Tom Colicchio
(born 1962), restaurateur, chef, and judge on reality-TV program Top Chef[189] Tom Coyne (1954-2017), mastering engineer.[190] Joseph Halsey Crane (1782–1851), Congressional representative from Ohio[191] Elias Dayton
Elias Dayton
(1737–1807), elected to the Continental Congress; served as mayor of Elizabethtown from 1796 to 1805; father of Jonathan Dayton[192] Jonathan Dayton
Jonathan Dayton
(1760–1824), signer of the United States Constitution and Speaker of the United States
United States
House of Representatives; born there;[193] Dayton, Ohio
Dayton, Ohio
is named for him John De Hart
John De Hart
(1727–1795), delegate to the Continental Congress; was born and lived there[194] DeCavalcante crime family, one of the biggest mafia families in the U.S., is based here[195] Tom DeSanto (born 1968), film producer[196] Thomas G. Dunn (c. 1921–1998), seven-term mayor of Elizabeth whose 28 years in office made him the longest-serving mayor of a U.S. city with more than 100,000 people[197] John J. Fay Jr. (1927–2003), member of the New Jersey
New Jersey
General Assembly and the New Jersey
New Jersey
Senate[198] Chuck Feeney (born 1931), businessman, philanthropist and the founder of The Atlantic Philanthropies, one of the largest private foundations in the world.[199] Charles N. Fowler
Charles N. Fowler
(1852–1932), represented 5th congressional district in the United States
United States
House of Representatives from 1895 to 1911[200] Ron Freeman
Ron Freeman
(born 1947), winner of the gold medal in the 4 × 400 m relay at the 1968 Summer Olympics
1968 Summer Olympics
in Mexico
Mexico
City; raised there and attended Thomas Jefferson High School[201] Stanton T. Friedman
Stanton T. Friedman
(born 1934), professional ufologist[202] Chris Gatling (born 1967), NBA
NBA
player for the Golden State Warriors, Miami Heat, Dallas Mavericks, New Jersey
New Jersey
Nets, Milwaukee Bucks, Orlando Magic, Denver Nuggets, and the Cleveland Cavaliers[203] William Halsey Jr.
William Halsey Jr.
(1882–1959) "Bull" Halsey, World War II
World War II
five-star Fleet Admiral[204] Alexander Hamilton
Alexander Hamilton
(ca. 1755–1804), lived here as a young man upon first arriving in America[205] Kyrie Irving
Kyrie Irving
(born 1992), a McDonald's All-American basketball player; attended St. Patrick High School; plays professionally for the NBA Cleveland Cavaliers[206] Raghib Ismail (born 1969), former NFL
NFL
and CFL player[207] Horace Jenkins (born 1974), former NBA
NBA
player for the Detroit Pistons[208][209] Marsha P. Johnson, LGBTQ activist Phineas Jones
Phineas Jones
(1819–1884), represented New Jersey's 6th congressional district from 1881 to 1883[210] Michael Kasha (born 1920, class of 1937), physical chemist and molecular spectroscopist who collaborated with Andres Segovia in the 1960s and 1970s to create the Kasha Design classical guitars.[211] John Kean (1852–1914), represented New Jersey
New Jersey
in the United States Senate from 1899 to 1911; served two separate terms in the United States House of Representatives, from 1883 to 1885, and from 1887 to 1889, representing New Jersey's 3rd congressional district[212] James C. Kellogg III (1915–1980), Chairman of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey[213] Daniel Hugh Kelly (born 1952), stage, film and television actor; was born and raised there[214] Daniel C. Kurtzer
Daniel C. Kurtzer
(born 1949), United States
United States
Ambassador to Egypt from 1997 to 2001 and United States
United States
Ambassador to Israel from 2001 to 2005.[215] Chauncey D. Leake (1896–1978), pharmacologist, medical historian and ethicist[216] Jay Lethal
Jay Lethal
(born 1985 as Jamar Shipman), professional wrestler in Ring of Honor[217] William Livingston
William Livingston
(1723–1790), signer of the United States Constitution and the first elected Governor of New Jersey, he lived there and built his home, Liberty Hall[193] Zenaida Manfugás (1932–2012), Cuban-American pianist who was considered one of the first black pianists in Cuba.[218] James P. Mitchell
James P. Mitchell
(1900–1964), served as United States
United States
Secretary of Labor from 1953 to 1961; ran unsuccessfully for Governor of New Jersey[219] Thomas Mitchell (1892–1962), Oscar and Tony Award-winning actor; was born there[220] Hank Mobley
Hank Mobley
(1930–1986), hard bop jazz saxophonist[221] John Morris (1926-2018), film, television and broadway composer, dance arranger, conductor and trained concert pianist, best known for his collaborations with filmmakers Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
and Gene Wilder.[222] Don Newcombe
Don Newcombe
(born 1926), pitcher who spent most of his career with the Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers[223] Marissa Paternoster
Marissa Paternoster
(born 1986), artist, singer and guitarist in the bands Screaming Females
Screaming Females
and Noun[224] Elizabeth Peña
Elizabeth Peña
(born 1959–2014), actress[225] Lorenzo Da Ponte
Lorenzo Da Ponte
(1749–1838), Italian-born librettist and poet[226] Franklin Leonard Pope
Franklin Leonard Pope
(1840–1885), telegrapher and inventor; lived there as a young man and befriended Thomas Edison[227] Ahmad Khan Rahami
Ahmad Khan Rahami
(born 1988), naturalized U.S. citizen from Afghanistan
Afghanistan
and Elizabeth restaurant worker charged in the 2016 New York and New Jersey
New Jersey
bombings.[36] Ron Rivers (born 1971), running back in the NFL
NFL
for six seasons[228] Jon Rua (born 1983), actor, singer and choreographer who appeared in the Broadway hit Hamilton.[229] Jonal Saint-Dic (born 1985), NFL
NFL
player with the Kansas City Chiefs[230] Sidney M. Schreiber (1915–2009), Associate Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court from 1975 to 1984.[231] Debralee Scott
Debralee Scott
(1953–2005), actress, known for her role in Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman[232] Martin J. Silverstein
Martin J. Silverstein
(born 1954), attorney and diplomat who served as the United States
United States
Ambassador to Uruguay under President George W. Bush from 2001 to 2005.[233] Mickey Spillane
Mickey Spillane
(1918–2006), writer[234] Joseph Stamler (1911-1988), New Jersey
New Jersey
Superior Court judge and professor at Rutgers University.[235] Leo Steiner (1939–1987), co-owner of the Carnegie Deli[236] Edward Stratemeyer
Edward Stratemeyer
(1862–1930), creator of the Hardy Boys, Bobbsey Twins, and Nancy Drew, he was born and resided there[237] William Sulzer
William Sulzer
(1863–1941), U.S. Congressman
U.S. Congressman
and impeached governor of New York[238] Craig Taylor (born 1966), former running back for three seasons for the Cincinnati Bengals[239] Dick Vosburgh (1929–2007), comedy writer and lyricist working chiefly in Britain[240][241] Bernie Wagenblast (born 1956), broadcaster and journalist[242] Bill Walczak, community activist who ran for mayor of Boston
Boston
in 2013.[243] Mickey Walker (1903–1981), boxer; held the Welterweight and Middleweight titles; was born and raised there; ranked #10 on Sports Illustrated's list of The 50 Greatest New Jersey
New Jersey
Sports Figures[244] Joe Weil
Joe Weil
(born 1958), writer and active member of the New Jersey poetry scene[245] Sam Woodyard
Sam Woodyard
(1925–1988), jazz drummer best known for his association with the Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
orchestra[246]

Sister cities[edit]

Ribera, Agrigento, Sicily, Italy[247] Kitami, Japan, signed on June 12, 1969[248]

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey
New Jersey
County Subdivisions, United States
United States
Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States
United States
Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014. ^ a b Mayor's Biography, City of Elizabeth. Accessed January 30, 2018. ^ 2017 New Jersey
New Jersey
Mayors Directory, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 30, 2017. ^ a b Departments, City of Elizabeth. Accessed August 15, 2013. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey
New Jersey
Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 90. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Elizabeth, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 – Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Elizabeth city, Union County, New Jersey, United States
United States
Census Bureau. Accessed December 21, 2011. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011–2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of State, p. 9. Accessed January 6, 2013. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Elizabeth city, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 20, 2011. ^ 2010 Census Population: Union County, Asbury Park Press. Accessed September 2, 2011. ^ a b c PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 - 2016 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States
United States
Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – State – County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File
File
1 for New Jersey, United States
United States
Census Bureau. Accessed July 10, 2013. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Elizabeth, NJ, United States
United States
Postal Service. Accessed December 21, 2011. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 15, 2013. ^ Area Code Lookup – NPA NXX for Elizabeth, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed November 1, 2013. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States
United States
Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 9, 2012. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States
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Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014. ^ New Jersey
New Jersey
County Map, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of State. Accessed July 10, 2017. ^ The Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships in 2010 in New Jersey: 2000 and 2010, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed November 21, 2016. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 9, 2012. ^ PEPANNRSIP – Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2015 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 – United States
United States
– Places of 50,000+ Population from the 2015 Population Estimates, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 5, 2016. ^ Svoboda, Elizabeth. "America's 50 Greenest Cities", Popular Science, February 8, 2008. ^ DePalma, Anthony. "If You're Thinking of Living in: Elizabeth", The New York Times, August 28, 1983. Accessed December 21, 2011. "Elizabethtown, as it was originally called, missed the Elizabethan era by just 60 years and, in any event, the Elizabeth for whom it was named was not the queen but the wife of Sir George Carteret, who had received all the land between the Hudson and Delaware
Delaware
Rivers as a gift." ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey
New Jersey
Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed August 30, 2015. ^ Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p. 116. United States
United States
Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed August 30, 2015. ^ Turner, Jean-Rae; and Koles, Richard T. Elizabeth: The First Capital of New Jersey, Arcadia Publishing, 2003. ISBN 0-7385-2393-3. Accessed December 21, 2011. "Elizabeth, New Jersey
New Jersey
is a city of firsts: first English-speaking colony in the state, first state capital, first home of Princeton University, and the site of the first shots fired after the Declaration of Independence." ^ Staff. "Permanent Revolution; A tour of tea-party New York—the spirit of '76 kind.", New York, September 2, 2012. Accessed September 28, 2014. ^ Revolutionary War Sites in Elizabeth, New Jersey, Revolutionary War New Jersey. Accessed September 28, 2014. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 238. Accessed July 9, 2012. ^ G.N. Georgano Cars: Early and Vintage, 1886–1930. (London: Grange-Universal, 1985). ^ Staff. "2 New Jersey
New Jersey
Cities Racked by Race Riots", Chicago Tribune, August 13, 1964. Accessed November 2, 2016. ^ Schweber, Nate; and Bromwich, Jonah Engel. "Pipe Bombs Found Near Train Station in Elizabeth, N.J., Official Says", The New York Times, September 19, 2016. Accessed September 19, 2016. The bomb drama rattling the New York region arrived here Sunday night when two men walked out of Hector's Place Restaurant near the city's train station and found a backpack containing five explosives resting atop a municipal garbage can, Mayor
Mayor
J. Christian Bollwage said.... It was not yet known whether the backpack found here had any connection to a bomb that injured 29 people in Manhattan
Manhattan
on Saturday night, or to a bomb nearby that failed to detonate, or to a bomb that went off Saturday morning in Seaside Park, N.J., without injuring anybody." ^ Ahmad Khan Rahami, Federal Bureau of Investigation, September 17, 2016. Accessed September 19, 2016. ^ a b Santora, Marc; Rashbaum, William K.; Baker, Al; and Goldman, Adam. " Ahmad Khan Rahami
Ahmad Khan Rahami
Is Arrested in Manhattan
Manhattan
and New Jersey Bombings", The New York Times, September 19, 2016. Accessed September 25, 2016. "The frenzied end came on a rain-soaked street in Linden, N.J., four hours after the police issued an unprecedented cellphone alert to millions of people in the area telling them to be on the lookout for Ahmad Khan Rahami, 28, who was described as 'armed and dangerous'.... Mayor
Mayor
J. Christian Bollwage of Elizabeth, N.J., outside an apartment on Monday where Mr. Rahami was believed to have lived." ^ Areas touching Elizabeth, MapIt. Accessed December 31, 2014. ^ Shooters Island, New York City
New York City
Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed December 21, 2011. "Nine of the island's 43 acres belong to New Jersey
New Jersey
(Bayonne owns 7.5 acres, Elizabeth owns 1.5 acres)." ^ Report of the Chief of Engineers U.S. Army (Report). U.S. Government Printing Office. 1972. Retrieved 5 February 2018.  ^ a b Goodnough, Abby. " New Jersey
New Jersey
& Co.; In Elizabeth, Dusting Off an Art Deco
Art Deco
Treasure", The New York Times, August 6, 1995. Accessed September 28, 2014. "Hersh Tower was the tallest building in Elizabeth when Louis Hersh, an Elizabeth businessman, built it in 1931. (These days, only the Union County Court building is taller.)" ^ Hatala, Greg. "Made in Jersey: Singer sewing machines had the market sewn up", The Star-Ledger, November 18, 2013. Accessed September 19, 2016. "In 1873, the Singer Sewing Machine
Singer Sewing Machine
Manufacturing Co. purchased 32 acres of land in Elizabeth and established its first factory in the United States
United States
(the company also had a plant in Kilbowie, Clydebank, Scotland).... In 1982, the last 560 workers at the 1,400,000 square foot Elizabeth factory were laid off and the facility closed." ^ Elizabeth, NJ – A Concise Historical Overview, Visit Historical Elizabeth, NJ. Accessed September 19, 2016. "St. Patrick's Church, a Roman Catholic parish since 1858, laid the cornerstone of its present church in 1887. The imposing twin-spired structure, designed by William Shickel imitating the Cologne Cathedral, took thirteen years to complete and used Maine
Maine
granite." ^ Climate Summary for Elizabeth, New Jersey, Weatherbase.com. Accessed August 14, 2014. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey
New Jersey
April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016, United States
United States
Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017. ^ Staff. 1970 Census of Population: Characteristics of the Population – Volume I, Part I, Section I , p. 1-119. United States
United States
Census Bureau, 1970. Accessed July 9, 2012. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726–1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of State, 1906. Accessed August 15, 2013. ^ Table 4. Population of the 46 Urban Places: 1810, United States Census Bureau, June 15, 1998. Accessed December 21, 2011. ^ Table 5. Population of the 61 Urban Places: 1820, United States Census Bureau, June 15, 1998. Accessed December 21, 2011. ^ Table 6. Population of the 90 Urban Places: 1830, United States Census Bureau, June 15, 1998. Accessed December 21, 2011. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed August 15, 2013. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 281, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed August 15, 2013. "Elizabeth is comprised in eight wards. Its population in 1860 was 11,567, and in 1870, 20,832, nearly doubling itself in ten years " ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 138. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed August 15, 2013. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 261. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed August 15, 2013. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III – 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed August 15, 2013. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States
United States
Census Bureau, p. 339. Accessed August 15, 2013. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 – Population Volume I, United States
United States
Census Bureau, p. 714. Accessed December 20, 2011. ^ Table 6. New Jersey
New Jersey
Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 – 1990, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed August 9, 2016. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Elizabeth city, United States
United States
Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2012. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 – Census 2000 Summary File
File
1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Elizabeth city, New Jersey, United States
United States
Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2012. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers New Jersey's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting", United States
United States
Census Bureau, February 3, 2011. Accessed September 28, 2014. ^ Mascarenhas, Rohan. "Census data shows Hispanics as the largest minority in N.J.", The Star-Ledger, February 3, 2011. Accessed August 15, 2013. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006–2010 American Community Survey
American Community Survey
5-Year Estimates for Elizabeth city, Union County, New Jersey, United States
United States
Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2012. ^ PCT019 – Place Of Birth For The Foreign-Born Population Universe: Foreign-born population from the Census 2000 Summary File
File
3 (SF 3) – Sample Data for Elizabeth city, New Jersey, United States
United States
Census Bureau. Accessed August 15, 2013. ^ Harrison, Brianne. "$2B MXD Planned for Elizabeth Waterfront", GlobeSt.com, February 11, 2008. Accessed February 28, 2008. ^ Urban Enterprise Zone Program, State of New Jersey. Accessed January 8, 2018. ^ New Jersey
New Jersey
Urban Enterprise Zone Locations, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of Community Affairs, locations as of January 1, 2017. Accessed January 8, 2018. ^ "NJ Division of Taxation Reminds Consumers & Business Owners That Sales Tax Rate Will Change to 6.625% in the New Year", New Jersey Department of Treasury, press release dated December 27, 2017. Accessed January 8, 2018. "The New Jersey
New Jersey
Division of Taxation is reminding business owners that the State Sales and Use Tax rate will be reduced to 6.625% on Jan. 1, 2018.... Rates for State Sales Tax in Urban Enterprise Zones also will change on Jan. 1, 2018. The rate in a designated UEZ will be 50 percent of the Sales Tax rate, or 3.3125 percent. The previous UEZ rate was 3.4375 percent." ^ Urban Enterprise Zones Effective and Expiration Dates, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed January 8, 2018. ^ American City 1941: 23. ^ Elizabeth Council Members, City of Elizabeth. Accessed January 30, 2018. ^ 2018 State Fiscal Year Municipal Data Sheet, City of Elizabeth. Accessed January 30, 2018. ^ Union County 2017 Directory, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 30, 2018. ^ General Election November 8, 2016 Official Results, Union County, New Jersey, updated November 14, 2016. Accessed January 30, 2017. ^ November 4, 2014 General Election Official Results, Union County, New Jersey, updated January 7, 2015. Accessed August 3, 2016. ^ Cervenka, Susanne. "These NJ mayors make 6-figure salaries from taxpayers. Is yours one of them?", Asbury Park Press, July 31, 2017. Accessed October 11, 2017. "3. Elizabeth Mayor
Mayor
J. Christian Bollwage, $160,086.... Bollwage collected $152,564 last year from Elizabeth, a 125,000-population city where he's been mayor since 1992." ^ Haydon, Tom; and Lannan, Katie. "How much are Union County mayors paid?", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, May 12, 2015. Accessed October 11, 2017. "A review of mayors' salaries across Union County shows the numbers range from a low of zero to high of $148,060 for Mayor
Mayor
J. Christian Bollwage, the top elected official in the city of 125,800 residents, the fourth largest municipality in the state. He is the only municipal chief executive in the county making six figures." ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey
New Jersey
Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013. ^ 2017 New Jersey
New Jersey
Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 30, 2017. ^ Districts by Number for 2011–2020, New Jersey
New Jersey
Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013. ^ 2011 New Jersey
New Jersey
Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 57, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States
United States
House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012. ^ About Cory Booker, United States
United States
Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community." ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States
United States
Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert." ^ Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I" ^ Legislative Roster 2018-2019 Session, New Jersey
New Jersey
Legislature. Accessed January 22, 2018. ^ District 20 Legislators, New Jersey
New Jersey
Legislature. Accessed January 22, 2018. ^ Governor Phil Murphy, State of New Jersey. Accessed January 16, 2018. ^ Lieutenant Governor Oliver, State of New Jersey. Accessed January 16, 2018. "Assemblywoman Oliver has resided in the City of East Orange for over 40 years." ^ County Government, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014. ^ Freeholder Christopher Hudak, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014. ^ Freeholder Mohamed S. Jalloh, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014. ^ Bruce Bergen, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014. ^ Freeholder Vice Chairman Linda Carter, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014. ^ Freeholder Angel G. Estrada, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014. ^ Freeholder Sergio Granados, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014. ^ Freeholder Bette Jane Kowalski, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014. ^ Freeholder Alexander Mirabella, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014. ^ Freeholder Vernell Wright, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014. ^ Board of Chosen Freeholders, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014. ^ Union County Clerk, Joanne Rajoppi, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014. ^ Union County Sheriff Ralph Froehlich, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014. ^ Surrogate, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014. ^ Elected Officials – Clerk – Sheriff – Surrogate, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014. ^ County Manager, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014. ^ a b Voter Registration Summary – Union, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed May 6, 2013. ^ GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 – State – County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File
File
1 for New Jersey, United States
United States
Census Bureau. Accessed May 6, 2013. ^ Presidential November 6, 2012 General Election Results – Union County, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed May 6, 2013. ^ Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast November 6, 2012 General Election Results – Union County, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed May 6, 2013. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Union County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed May 6, 2013. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Union County, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed May 6, 2013. ^ "Governor – Union County" (PDF). New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.  ^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast – November 5, 2013 – General Election Results – Union County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.  ^ 2009 Governor: Union County, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed May 6, 2013. ^ History, Elizabeth Police Department. Accessed August 15, 2013. ^ Elizabeth Fire Department, Fire Department Network. Accessed March 22, 2012. ^ Home page, Elizabeth Fire Department. Accessed March 22, 2012. ^ Steadman, Andrew. "Bayonne firefighters participate in mock disaster drills in Newark", The Jersey Journal, May 1, 2012. Accessed June 6, 2016. "According to the press release, the Metro USAR Strike Team is made up of nine fire departments from Bayonne, Elizabeth, Hackensack, Hoboken, Jersey City, Newark, Paterson, Morristown as well as the five-municipality North Hudson Regional Fire and Rescue Agency." ^ Abbott School Districts, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of Education. Accessed June 15, 2016. ^ About SDA, New Jersey
New Jersey
Schools Development Authority. Accessed November 8, 2016 ^ SDA Capital Program, New Jersey
New Jersey
Schools Development Authority. Accessed November 8, 2016. ^ District information for Elizabeth Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 7, 2016. ^ Kwoh, Leslie. "Elizabeth High School to split into six different schools in September", The Star-Ledger, January 15, 2009. Accessed December 21, 2011. "Elizabeth High School's 5,300 students will be divided into six schools in September to alleviate overcrowding in the biggest school in New Jersey." ^ Staff. "2010 Top High Schools", New Jersey
New Jersey
Monthly, August 16, 2010. Accessed December 21, 2011. ^ "Schooldigger New Jersey
New Jersey
District Ranking", Schooldigger.com. Accessed August 14, 2014. ^ "New Jersey's statewide assessment program", New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of Education. Accessed January 10, 2011. ^ U.S. Department of Education Blue Ribbon Schools Program: 2008 Schools, United States
United States
Department of Education. Accessed April 13, 2011. ^ "CIBA cited as one of the best by Education Department", Journal Inquirer, November 16, 2006. "The Blue Ribbon award is given only to schools that reach the top 10 percent of their state's testing scores over several years or show significant gains in student achievement. It is considered the highest honor a school can achieve." ^ "Viers Mill School Wins Blue Ribbon; School Scored High on Statewide Test", The Washington Post. September 29, 2005. "For their accomplishments, all three schools this month earned the status of Blue Ribbon School, the highest honor the U.S. Education Department can bestow upon a school." ^ No Child Left Behind-Blue Ribbon Schools in 2006, United States Department of Education. Accessed April 13, 2011. ^ Goldman, Jeff. "Which N.J. schools were named to national 'Blue Ribbon' list?", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, October 2, 2014. Accessed December 31, 2014. "Eleven New Jersey
New Jersey
schools have been named to the annual National Blue Ribbon list, the U.S. Department of Education announced Tuesday." ^ 2014 National Blue Ribbon Schools All Public and Private, United States Department of Education. Accessed December 31, 2014. ^ Lannan, Aktie. "Elizabeth gifted and talented school earns National Blue Ribbon School designation", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, October 1, 2014. Accessed December 31, 2014. "Federal education officials designated the William F. Halloran Gifted and Talented School No. 22 as a National Blue Ribbon School, one of 337 selected nationwide based on academic excellence and progress in closing the achievement gap. This is the second time School 22 has received the honor in the past 10 years, according to the school department. It was first named a National Blue Ribbon School in 2006." ^ About Us, St. Mary of the Assumption High School. Accessed August 23, 2015. "In 1930 extensive renovation was made. A third story was added, the auditorium converted into a gymnasium and Saint Mary's High School was born." ^ Home Page, Benedictine Academy. Accessed August 23, 2015. ^ Union County Catholic High Schools, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark. Accessed August 23, 2015. ^ Union County Catholic Elementary Schools, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark. Accessed August 23, 2015. ^ History and Tradition , The Patrick School. Accessed August 15, 2013. ^ Stanmyre, Matthew. "Recently closed St. Patrick High closing in on new location", The Star-Ledger, July 20, 2012. Accessed August 15, 2013. "The Archdiocese of Newark—which had provided oversight for St. Patrick—decided to close the school June 30 because of dwindling enrollment and serious financial struggles.The Patrick School will re-open in the fall as a private school out of the Archdiocese's oversight. The new school has commitments from about 150 students, Picaro said." ^ Araton, Harvey. "A Faith Is Tested, and Then Renewed", The New York Times, February 27, 2013. Accessed August 15, 2013. "To mark the one-year anniversary of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark's announcement that it would close St. Patrick—forcing it to soldier on as the nondenominational, grades 7-to-12 Patrick School—Picaro's beloved boys' basketball team will begin state tournament play on Friday, a triumph in itself." ^ About, Benedictine Preschool. Accessed August 23, 2015. ^ Home Page, Jewish Educational Center. Accessed September 19, 2017. "The Jewish Educational Center of Elizabeth, NJ provides Torah and Secular education to students from Nursery through 12th grade. Our three divisions include Yeshiva of Elizabeth, Bruriah High School for Girls, and Rav Teitz Mesivta Academy." ^ Princeton's History, Princeton University. Accessed December 21, 2011. ^ a b Libraries, City of Elizabeth. Accessed September 28, 2014. ^ Elizabeth Public Library, librarytechnology.org. Accessed November 2, 2016. ^ Union County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014. ^ South Front Street Bridge, BridgesNYC, December 20, 2011. Accessed March 16, 2015. ^ about the project, South Front Street Bridge
South Front Street Bridge
LCD Study. Accessed March 16, 2015. ^ Elizabeth station, NJ Transit. Accessed August 14, 2014. ^ North Elizabeth station, NJ Transit. Accessed August 14, 2014. ^ Newark-Elizabeth Rail Link
Newark-Elizabeth Rail Link
(A New Jersey
New Jersey
Urban Core Project), November 1998. Accessed December 21, 2011. ^ Union County Light Rail
Union County Light Rail
Proposal Takes A Step Forward: NJ Transit Board Approves Contract for Preparatory and Design Work of Newark-Elizabeth Rail Link's Elizabeth Segment, NJ Transit, July 11, 2001. Accessed December 21, 2011. ^ Union County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive
Internet Archive
as of July 26, 2010. Accessed December 21, 2011. ^ Board in New Jersey
New Jersey
and Get off in Latin America, Avianca. Accessed January 27, 2009. ^ WJDM-AM 1530 kHz, Radio-Locator. Accessed August 23, 2015. ^ Hyman, Vicki. "How three planes crashed in three months in Elizabeth in '50s", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, May 29, 2015. Accessed December 27, 2015. "One plane crash is a tragedy. Two in the same city is a catastrophe. And three is simply unfathomable. But that is just what happened in Elizabeth over a 58-day period in the early 1950s, a turbulent time for the historic city in the shadow of Newark Airport, and one that serves as the backdrop for Judy Blume's new novel In the Unlikely Event." ^ The Sopranos: Behind the Scenes – Inside the Opening Credits, HBO. Accessed September 19, 2016. ^ Roth, Philip. American Pastoral, p. 408. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1997. ISBN 9780547415970. Accessed September 19, 2016. "I'm Mary Dawn Dwyer of Elizabeth, New Jersey. I'm twenty-two years old. I love your son. That is why I'm here." ^ Moran, Malcolm. "Minnesota keeps its cool with Abdul-Khaliq", USA Today, October 6, 2003. Accessed January 28, 2011. "Abdul-Khaliq, a senior from Elizabeth, N.J., and Fork Union (Va.) Military Academy, has started 29 games." ^ Queally, James. "Police hope TV show helps nab alleged drug lord on the run", The Star-Ledger, November 18, 2009. Accessed December 21, 2011. "Twice in the past six months, Luqman Abdullah has been within arm's reach of a police officer.... 'Since 2003, Abdullah rose to prominence and ran the cocaine trade in his particular area of Elizabeth,' Union County Prosecutor Theodore Romankow said." ^ Hoffman, Jascha. "Bernard Ackerman, 72, Dies; Expert at Skin Diagnosis", The New York Times, December 11, 2008. Accessed May 4, 2015. "Albert Bernard Ackerman was born on Nov. 22, 1936, in Elizabeth, N.J. He earned his undergraduate degree at Princeton and his medical degree at Columbia." ^ Americans Playing Abroad, Soccer Times, as of September 15, 2013. Accessed November 1, 2013. " Ryan Adeleye – defender – Hapoel Ashkelon – Elizabeth, N.J." ^ Calkins, Wolcott. Memorial of Matthias W. Baldwin, p. 12. Accessed May 4, 2015. "He was born in Elizabethtown, New Jersey, the tenth day of December, A. D. 1795." ^ Devine, James. "City Mourns Former Mayor
Mayor
& Judge; Steve Bercik Meant Business For Elizabeth", News Record, June 25, 2003. Accessed May 4, 2015. "As mayor of Elizabeth from 1956 through 1964, Judge Bercik established the Elizabeth Human Relations Commission and led an unprecedented initiative to attract business to the city." ^ Harvey, Cornelius Burnham. Genealogical History of Hudson and Bergen Counties, New Jersey, p. 127. New Jersey
New Jersey
Genealogical Publishing Company, 1900. Accessed May 4, 2015. " Benjamin Blackledge was born at Elizabethtown, N.J., August 25, 1743. While still a young man he went on foot from Elizabethtown to Closter and taught school there the first one in the northern part of Bergen County." ^ Goldblatt, Jennifer. "Blume's Day", The New York Times, November 14, 2004. Accessed December 21, 2011. "And looking back at a childhood spent in the Elmora section of Elizabeth, Ms. Blume sees many signs that point toward a literary career: all her neighborhood streets were named for writers like Byron and Browning, her house on Shelley Avenue was stuffed with books, and she constantly conjured stories inside her head." ^ Elias Boudinot, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed April 22, 2007. ^ New York Jets
New York Jets
hiring Todd Bowels as Head Coach, NFL. Accessed January 14, 2015. ^ Inventory of the David Brody Papers D-163, Online Archive of California. Accessed May 4, 2015. "Dr. David Brody is Emeritus Professor of History at the University of California, Davis
University of California, Davis
and a renowned scholar in American labor history and industrial relations. Dr. Brody was born in Elizabeth, New Jersey
New Jersey
to Ira and Barnet Brody on June 5th, 1930." ^ "Knicks' New Chief Executive And Their Coach", The New York Times, May 21, 1982. Accessed December 21, 2011. "When Hubie Brown, the new coach of the Knicks, was growing up in Elizabeth, N.J., he learned about poverty." ^ "Blackwell, Antoinette Louisa Brown (20 May 1825-5 Nov. 1921)", American National Biography. Accessed May 4, 2015. "After she resettled in New Jersey, she worked with Unitarians in Elizabeth, New Jersey, and made a grant of land for a house of worship. In 1908 the Elizabeth Society recognized her as minister emeritus of All Souls Church." ^ Fox, Margalit. "Robert N. Buck Dies at 93. Was Record-Setting Aviator.", The New York Times, May 20, 2007. Accessed November 28, 2007. " Robert Nietzel Buck
Robert Nietzel Buck
was born on Jan. 29, 1914, in Elizabethport, N.J., and reared in Westfield, N.J." ^ Mason-Draffen, Carrie via Newsday. "What's in a name? At work, an initial reaction", Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Post-Gazette, February 11, 2008. Accessed January 23, 2015. "Newton Jones Burkett III, a correspondent for New York's WABC-TV
WABC-TV
news station, became N.J. Burkett in a sort of Hollywood moment almost 19 years ago.... Mr. Burkett, who did grow up in Elizabeth, N.J., said he looked at the person dumbfounded and said, 'That's right – my mother named her son New Jersey.'" ^ William Burnet, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 23, 2007. ^ Submarine Pioneers Archived June 12, 2015, at the Wayback Machine., United States
United States
Navy Submarine Warfare Division. Accessed January 28, 2011. ^ Nelson, Valerie J. "James Butler, 84; Groundbreaking Lawyer, Activist, Art Collector", Los Angeles Times, June 4, 2005. Accessed May 4, 2015. "James Girard Butler was born Sept. 26, 1920, in Elizabeth, N.J." ^ Nicholas Murray Butler: The Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
1931, Nobel Prize Organization. Accessed June 10, 2007. "Born in Elizabeth, New Jersey, this son of Henry L. Butler, a manufacturer, and Mary Murray Butler, daughter of Nicholas Murray, a clergyman and author, began his career with a brilliant record as a student." ^ Perry, James R. The Documentary History of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1789–1800: pt. 1. Appointments and proceedings, p. 163. Columbia University Press, 1985. ISBN 9780231088671. "Born in Elizabethtown, New Jersey, on April 3, 1776, Elias Boudinot Caldwell was the son of the Reverend James and Hannah (Ogden) Caldwell." ^ Rodney Carter, City of Elizabeth. Accessed September 19, 2017. "Rodey Carter grew up in the Port of Elizabeth and graduated from Elizabeth High School in 1982." ^ Alcides Catanho, NFL.com. Accessed September 19, 2017. ^ From History of Dane County, Wisconsin, publ. 1880, page 519-521. Accessed December 22, 2011. ^ Staff. "Michigan Downs Mich. State, 10–0; Chapman Caps Scoring With 58-Yard Touchdown Run", The New York Times, October 15, 1972. Accessed September 19, 2017. "Gil Chapman, a sophomore wingback, raced 58 yards down the left side on a reverse for a touchdown with less than nine minutes to play today to pad a precarious 3‐0 lead and give fifth‐ranked Michigan 10‐0 Big Ten football victory over Michigan State.... The 5‐foot‐9‐inch, 185‐pound speedster from Elizabeth, N.J. got a key block from Paul Seymour, which sent him loose for the final 45 yards." ^ Profile: Secretary of Homeland Security Michael Chertoff, ABC News, February 15, 2005. Accessed June 23, 2007. "Chertoff, who was born in Elizabeth, N.J., on Nov. 28, 1953, received his bachelor's degree from Harvard University in 1975 and his law degree from Harvard University in 1978." ^ Hasan, Khalid. "Bush nominee a rabbi's son", Daily Times (Pakistan), January 13, 2005, backed up as of July 29, 2012. Accessed September 19, 2017. "According to JTA, a Jewish news service, 'Chertoff has strong ties to the Jewish community. Born and raised in Elizabeth, N.J., Chertoff is the son of a rabbi, his two children have attended Jewish day schools and his wife, Meryl, was a co-chairwoman of the regional Anti-Defamation League's civil rights committee when he was the U.S. attorney in New Jersey
New Jersey
in the mid 1990s.'" ^ Miller, Jonathan. "Worth Noting; The Prostitute's Son Begets the Rabbi's Son", The New York Times, January 16, 2005. Accessed September 19, 2017. "Michael Chertoff, the 51-year-old rabbi's son from Elizabeth who most recently has been a judge for the Third Circuit Court of Appeals was nominated by President Bush last week for the top security post." ^ Abraham Clark, Biographical Directory of the United States
United States
Congress. Accessed April 22, 2007. ^ Amos Clark Jr., Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed June 23, 2007. ^ Staff. "Freddie (Red) Cochrane, Boxer, 77", The New York Times, January 19, 1993. Accessed August 15, 2013. "He was born in Elizabeth and won a New Jersey
New Jersey
Golden Gloves lightweight title before winning the world welterweight championship in July 1941 with a 15-round decision over Fritzie Zivic in Newark." ^ Jim Colbert PGA Tour. Accessed August 15, 2013. ^ DeHaven, Judy. "Under pressure, Conn. casinos go big", The Star-Ledger, May 19, 2008. Accessed June 1, 2008. "...Elizabeth native Tom Colicchio
Tom Colicchio
is opening a Craftsteak, and the landmark Junior's Cheesecake also will open an outlet..." ^ Coughlin, Kevin. "Tom Coyne, Grammy-winning music engineer for Adele and Beyoncé, dies at 62", MorristownGreen.com, April 15, 2017. Accessed September 24, 2017. "Born in Elizabeth and raised in Union, Coyne graduated from Roselle Catholic High School and earned a B.A. from Kean University." ^ Joseph Halsey Crane, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed December 6, 2007. ^ Elias Dayton, Biographical Directory of the United States
United States
Congress. Accessed December 6, 2007. ^ a b The Founding Fathers: New Jersey, National Archives and Records Administration. Accessed April 21, 2007. ^ John De Hart, Biographical Directory of the United States
United States
Congress. Accessed June 10, 2007. ^ Staff. "Sam The Plumber Shows Other Side; Sicilian Town Knows Him as Orphans' Benefactor", The New York Times, June 29, 1969. Accessed January 28, 2011. "Many of the Riberese who emigrated to the United States settled in Elizabeth, where DeCavalcante had his base of operations before he moved to Princeton." ^ Halbfinger, David M. "How a Fan of Comic Books Transformed Himself Into a Hollywood Player", The New York Times, June 30, 2007. Accessed July 14, 2012. "Mr. DeSanto, 38, has come a long way from Elizabeth, N.J., where his father was a police officer." ^ Smothers, Ronald. "Thomas Dunn, 76, Longtime Elizabeth Mayor", The New York Times, February 13, 1998. Accessed July 15, 2010. ^ Martin, Douglas. "John J. Fay Jr., 76, Ombudsman For the Elderly of New Jersey", The New York Times, October 29, 2003. Accessed July 7, 2010. ^ Dwyer, Jim. "'James Bond of Philanthropy' Gives Away the Last of His Fortune", The New York Times, January 5, 2017. Accessed January 6, 2017. "Raised in Elizabeth, N.J., Mr. Feeney served as a radio operator in the Air Force and attended Cornell University on the G.I. Bill." ^ Charles Newell Fowler, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 9, 2007. ^ Haley, John. "South Plainfield's Muse rushes, but wins gold medal", Home News Tribune, June 2, 2007. Accessed July 24, 2007. "As for Freeman, the son of former U.S. Olympian Ron Freeman
Ron Freeman
out of Elizabeth, he thought he should have won." ^ Statement by Stanton T. Freidman, Project1947.com. Accessed May 6, 2013. ^ Reel, Ursula. "Gat's Dagger Ex-Tra Painful", New York Post, March 27, 2000. Accessed January 28, 2011. ^ Staff. "Fleet Admiral Halsey Dies; Leader in Defeat of Japan; Third Fleet Commander Fought a 'Hit Hard, Hit Fast, Hit Often' War Fleet Admiral William F. Halsey, World War II
World War II
Naval Leader in Pacific, Dies Head Of 3d Fleet Fought Daringly Commander of First Major Attack on Japanese Aided in Battle of Leyte Gulf", The New York Times, August 17, 1959. Accessed July 9, 2012. "The son of the late Capt. Brewster Halsey, he was born in Elizabeth, NJ, on Oct. 30, 1882." ^ Major General Alexander Hamilton
Alexander Hamilton
Archived May 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., Historic Valley Forge, accessed April 21, 2007. "He started school in Elizabethtown NJ, but by 1773 was entered at Kings College (Now Columbia)." ^ Davis, Seth. "Postcard: Stacked Blue Devils boast burgeoning star in freshman Irving", Sports Illustrated, November 2, 2010. Accessed March 17, 2012. "It's not often that a team boasts two returning seniors from a championship team – one of whom is a leading candidate for national player of the year – and neither is the most talented player on his team. By my lights, that is Kyrie Irving, a 6-foot-2 freshman point guard from Elizabeth, N.J., who was named a Parade and McDonald's All-American last year." ^ Raghib Ismail profile, ESPN. Accessed July 19, 2013. ^ Horace Jenkins Jr., City of Elizabeth. Accessed August 15, 2013. ^ Idec, Keith. " NBA
NBA
dream fulfilled, Jenkins hungry for more", Herald News, January 12, 2005. "The Elizabeth native's athletic ability and scoring skills were obvious to Billups, but he has been more impressed recently with Jenkins' understanding of what Brown expects from his point guards." ^ Phineas Jones, Biographical Directory of the United States
United States
Congress. Accessed August 13, 2007. ^ McClure, Donald S. Biographical Memories: Michael Kasha 1930-2013, National Academy of Sciences. Accessed February 12, 2018. "Michael 'Mike' Kasha was born on December 6, 1920, into a working-class family of Ukrainian immigrants in Elizabeth, New Jersey." ^ John Kean, Biographical Directory of the United States
United States
Congress. Accessed August 29, 2007. ^ Staff. "James Kellogg 3d, 65, Once Headed Port Authority; Senior Member of Port Unit Served Williams College", The New York Times, December 30, 1980. Accessed February 11, 2011. ^ Kleiner, Dick. "Hugh-Kelly Offers Advice On Lights", Ocala Star-Banner, October 15, 1983. Accessed January 28, 2011. "About that hyphenated last name: Daniel Hugh-Kelly is really plain old Daniel Hugh Kelly from Elizabeth, NJ." ^ Kroloff, Rabbi Charles A. "The president-elect and a renewed alliance", New Jersey
New Jersey
Jewish News, November 13, 2008. Accessed January 28, 2011. "Perhaps we grew more comfortable with Obama because his Middle East advisers include men like Daniel Kurtzer, a native of Elizabeth and former ambassador to Israel." ^ Staff. A Community Of Scholars: The Institute for Advanced Study Faculty and Members 1930–1980, p. 257. Institute for Advanced Study, 1980. Accessed November 22, 2015. "Leake, Chauncey Depew 50s, 52s HS, History of Science & Medicine Born 1896 Elizabeth, NJ." ^ Milner, John M. "Jay Lethal", Slam! Sports. Accessed August 23, 2015. ^ Connor, Olga. "Homenaje a la pianista Zenaida Manfugás" Archived April 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., El Nuevo Herald, November 24, 2010. Accessed December 21, 2011. "'La cantidad de libros que le compro a [Juan Manuel] Salvat se los pago a plazos', dijo pícaramente desde Elizabeth, Nueva Jersey, donde reside." ^ Guzda, Henry P. "James P. Mitchell: social conscience of the Cabinet", Monthly Labor Review, August 1991. Accessed June 20, 2008. ^ via United Press International. "Thomas Mitchell, Actor, Dead; Star of Stage and Screen, 70; Actor's Career in the Movies and in Theater Spanned a Half Century Appeared in Many Films", The New York Times, December 18, 1962. Accessed January 28, 2011. ^ Hendrickson, Tad. "Close-Up on Elizabeth, New Jersey", The Village Voice, July 8, 2003. Accessed June 28, 2008. " Jazz
Jazz
saxophonist Hank Mobley was raised here." ^ Sandomir, Richard. "John Morris, Composer
Composer
for Mel Brooks’s Films, Dies at 91", The New York Times, January 28, 2018. Accessed February 1, 2018. "John Leonard Morris was born on Oct 18, 1926, in Elizabeth, N.J." ^ Union County Baseball Hall of Fame Will Induct Three New Members, Feb. 11 Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., Union County, New Jersey
New Jersey
press release dated December 27, 2006. Accessed July 3, 2007. "Over the years, the awards dinner has honored many local and national baseball luminaries – including Joe Collins of Union, Phil Rizzuto
Phil Rizzuto
of Hillside, Don Newcombe
Don Newcombe
of Elizabeth, Jeff Torborg of Mountainside, Willie Wilson of Summit, Jake Wood of Elizabeth, and Elliott Maddox of Union." ^ Schroeder, Audra. "A Brief Conversation With Screaming Females' Marissa Paternoster", Dallas Observer, May 2, 2012. Accessed December 13, 2015 "[Q] Where did you grow up? [A] I grew up in Elizabeth, New Jersey, with Mike." ^ Staff. "Actor Pena was Grateful to Meet DEA Agent's Wife", The Miami Herald, January 9, 1990. Accessed January 28, 2011. "Pena was born in Elizabeth, NJ, which became her namesake." ^ Gans, Andrew. "Blum, Dean, Jones and Zelno Set for Reading of Broadway-Bound Lorenzo", Playbill, November 1, 2007. Accessed September 19, 2017. " Lorenzo Da Ponte
Lorenzo Da Ponte
began life as a poor, Italian, Jewish poet and ended up as a professor at Columbia University. Along the way he.... became a grocer in Elizabeth, New Jersey." ^ "Death Of Franklin L. Pope; Killed at His Home by an Electric Shock of 3,000 Volts. Found Dead In His Cellar A Famous Electrician Known as an Expert All Over the World – Had Lived for a Year in Great Barrington, Mass.", The New York Times, October 14, 1895. Accessed June 10, 2007. "Franklin Leonard Pope, the famous electrician, a resident of Elizabeth, N.J., for twenty-five years, was killed accidentally to-day by electricity at his home in this place, where he had lived for the last year." ^ Staff. "Falcons Notes: Changes up front top secret", Atlanta Journal-Constitution, September 28, 2000. Accessed January 28, 2011. "Defensive end Patrick Kerney grew up chiefly in Trenton, NJ, and running back Ron Rivers is from Elizabeth City, NJ – both near Philadelphia." ^ Iati, Marisa. "'Hamilton' star talks Broadway and his N.J. roots", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, July 13, 2016. Accessed August 29, 2017. "Rua chatted with a full house in Elizabeth last week about how his childhood in Union County inspires and shapes his push to create theater, music and dance that strike audience members at their core. Rua, now 32, was born in Elizabeth and grew up in Linden." ^ "Saint-Dic, Adams among 5 players benched for Champ Sports Bowl", ESPN, December 24, 2007. Accessed June 28, 2008. "'I only took two classes this semester, a sociology class for three credits and a math class for five credits,' Saint-Dic said by phone from his hometown of Elizabeth, N.J." ^ Fuchs, Mary. "Former N.J. Supreme Court Justice Sidney Schreiber dies at age 94", The Star-Ledger, August 5, 2009. Accessed November 17, 2017."Born in New York City, Schreiber grew up in Elizabeth, where he attended public school." ^ Bittan, Dave. "Debralee Scott", Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Daily News, November 30, 1984. Accessed December 28, 2007. ^ Martin J. Silverstein; Ambassador, Uruguay; Term of Appointment: 10/11/2001 to 08/01/2005, United States
United States
Department of State, May 2, 2004. Accessed November 18, 2017. "Born in 1954 in New York, raised in Elizabeth, NJ and Merion, PA, the Ambassador is a first generation American." ^ Kreiser, John. "Mystery Writer Mickey Spillane
Mickey Spillane
Dies", CBS News, July 17, 2006. Accessed September 19, 2017. "Spillane was born Frank Morrison Spillane on March 9, 1918, in the New York borough of Brooklyn. He grew up in Elizabeth, N.J., and attended Fort Hayes State College in Kansas where he was a standout swimmer before beginning his career writing for magazines." ^ Saxon, Wolfgang. "Joseph Howard Stamler, 86, Influential New Jersey Judge", The New York Times, October 23, 1998. Accessed January 24, 2018. "He was born in Elizabeth, N.J., and graduated from Cornell University in 1933 and Harvard Law School in 1935." ^ Miller, Bryan. "Leo Steiner, 48, Owner of a Deli; Known for Wit", The New York Times, January 1, 1988. Accessed April 30, 2013. "Leo Steiner was born in Newark and grew up in Elizabeth, N.J., where he worked in his parents' grocery." ^ Organizational History, Stratemeyer Syndicate. Accessed December 27, 2006. ^ Sulzer, William (1863–1941), Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed September 28, 2014. ^ Craig Taylor, Pro-Football-Reference.com. Accessed September 19, 2017. ^ Staff. "Dick Vosburgh: Comedy writer, lyricist, broadcaster and film buff with clients ranging from Bob Hope to Ronnie Corbett" Archived April 22, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., The Independent, April 20, 2007. Accessed July 24, 2007. "Born Richard Kennedy Vosburgh in Elizabeth, New Jersey, in 1929, he moved to Washington when his father, Frederick, a reporter for Reuters news agency, was offered a job with the National Geographic Magazine." ^ Staff. "Dick Vosburgh", The Daily Telegraph, April 23, 2007. Accessed September 19, 2017. "Richard Kennedy Vosburgh was born on August 27, 1929 at Elizabeth, New Jersey." ^ Newsletter, Transportation Communications Newsletter September 1, 2006. "1956 **50th anniversary** – Transportation Communications Newsletter editor Bernie Wagenblast is born in Elizabeth, New Jersey." ^ Bill Walczak 2013 Mayoral Candidate Questionnaire, Dorchester Reporter. Accessed January 30, 2018. "What is your name, age, place of birth and presentaddress?Bill Walczak, Age 59, Born in Elizabeth, New Jersey, and currently reside at 20 Rockmere St. in Dorchester." ^ The 50 Greatest New Jersey
New Jersey
Sports Figures, Sports Illustrated, December 27, 1999. ^ Wind, Barbara. "In Person; The Poet as Working Stiff", The New York Times, December 6, 1998. Accessed December 21, 2011. " Joe Weil
Joe Weil
is Elizabeth: working-class, irreverent, modest, but open to the world and filled with a wealth of possibilities." ^ Sam Woodyard
Sam Woodyard
at AllMusic ^ City Council Regular Meeting Minutes for May 10, 2011, City of Elizabeth. Accessed May 6, 2013. "Hon. Carmelo Pace, Mayor, Sister City of Ribera, Italy" ^ US- Japan
Japan
Sister Cities by Prefecture, Asia Matters for America. Accessed September 19, 2017.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Elizabeth, New Jersey.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Elizabeth.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of a 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article about Elizabeth, New Jersey.

Official website Elizabeth Public Library
Elizabeth Public Library
website Elizabeth Public Schools Elizabeth Public Schools's 2015–16 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education School Data for the Elizabeth Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics Crescent Shipyards, was located in Elizabeth, New Jersey. Built The USS Holland [SS-1]. Trinitas Hospital website Elizabeth Tourism website

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County seat: Elizabeth

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v t e

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State capital: Eric Jackson (Trenton)

Ras J. Baraka (Newark) Steven Fulop (Jersey City) Jane Williams-Warren (Paterson) J. Christian Bollwage (Elizabeth) Thomas Lankey (Edison) John McCormac (Woodbridge Township) Raymond G. Coles (Lakewood)

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