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Electronic Games
Electronic Games
was the first dedicated video game magazine published in the United States[1] and ran from October 15, 1981 to 1997 under different titles. It was co-founded by Bill Kunkel, Joyce Worley, and Arnie Katz, and is not to be confused with Electronic Gaming Monthly.[2]

Contents

1 History

1.1 1st Run 1.2 2nd Run

2 Arcade Awards

2.1 1980 Arcade Awards (1979) 2.2 1981 Arcade Awards (1980) 2.3 1982 Arcade Awards (1981) 2.4 1983 Arcade Awards (1982) 2.5 1984 Arcade Awards (1983) 2.6 1985 Arkie Awards (1984) 2.7 1992 (7th) 2.8 1993 (8th)

3 Reader polls

3.1 1982 3.2 1983 3.3 1984 3.4 1985

4 Hall of Fame 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] The magazine has its origins in “Arcade Alley”, a regular column in Video magazine that began in the Summer 1979 V2N3 issue, and which in turn was predecessed by a column called Video Test and was first published in video issue Summer 1978 V1N2[3]. It was the first ever column to be dedicated to video games. The column was written by Bill Kunkel along with Arnie Katz and Joyce Worley (and initially Frank T. Laney II), before they went on to found Electronic Games
Electronic Games
magazine.[4] The magazine was active from 1981, during the golden age of arcade video games and the second generation of consoles, up until 1985, following the North American video game industry crash. The magazine was briefly revived during the 16-bit era in the early 1990s, but eventually ended in 1995, at which point it was renamed to Fusion[5]. Initially, the release of the first issue was scheduled for October 15, 1981[6]. However, the release was postponed to October 29, 1981[7] and featured a slightly different cover than initially advertised. 1st Run[edit]

Title Start Cover Date End Cover Date

Electronic Games October 29, 1981 April 1985

Computer Entertainment May 1985 August 1985

2nd Run[edit]

Title Start Cover Date End Cover Date

Electronic Games October 1992 July 1995

Fusion August 1995 February 1996

Intelligent Gamer's Fusion March 1996 May 1996

Intelligent Gamer June 1996 January 1997

Arcade Awards[edit] The magazine is notable for holding the first Game of the Year Award ceremony, called the Arcade Awards, or Arkie Awards.[8] The following games are the winners of the magazine's annual Arcade Awards. The awards for each year took place in the January of the following year. No single game was allowed to win more than one award in the same year.[9] 1980 Arcade Awards (1979)[edit] According to the Winter 1981 issue of Electronic Games, the 1980 Arcade Awards (i.e., the first set of "Arkies") were announced in February 1980 and covered all hardware and software produced prior to January 1, 1980.[10]

Award Winner Platform

Game of the Year Space Invaders Arcade

Best Pong
Pong
Variant Video Olympics Atari VCS

Best Sports Game Football Bally Professional Arcade

Best Target Game Air-Sea Battle Atari VCS

Best S.F. Game Cosmic Conflict Odyssey²

Best Solitaire Game Golf Odyssey²

Most Innovative Game Basketball Atari VCS

Best Audio and Visual Effects Bally[11] Arcade/Bally

1981 Arcade Awards (1980)[edit] The 1981 edition of the awards reflects accomplishments during the 12 months of the preceding year.[12]

Award Winner Platform

Arcade

Best Coin-Op Electronic Game Asteroids Arcade

Console

Game of the Year Superman Atari VCS

Best Targest/WarGame Armored Battle Intellivision

Best Pong
Pong
Variant Volleyball Odyssey²

Best S.F. Game Space Battle Intellivision

Best Audio-Visual Effects Fishing Derby Atari VCS

Best Solitaire Game Skiing Atari VCS

Best Sports Game NASL Soccer Intellivision

Most Innovative Game Adventure Atari VCS

1982 Arcade Awards (1981)[edit] The third annual Arcade Awards were sponsored jointly by Video and Electronic Games
Electronic Games
and honored outstanding achievements in the field of video games of the year 1981. The 1982 Arcade Awards were published in the March 1982 issue of Electronic Games.[13]

Award Winner Platform(s) Honorable Mention

Coin-Op Division (Arcade)

Best Commercial Arcade Game Pac-Man Namco Pac-Man Defender, Battlezone

Console

Videogame of the Year Asteroids Atari VCS Quest for the Rings (Odyssey²), Missile Command
Missile Command
(Atari VCS)

Most Innovative Game Quest for the Rings Odyssey² Freeway (Atari VCS), Asteroids
Asteroids
(Atari VCS)

Best Competitive Game Tennis Atari VCS

Best Sports Game Auto Racing Intellivision Tennis (Atari VCS)

Best Pong
Pong
Variant Warlords Atari VCS

Best Audio-Visual Effects Kaboom! Atari VCS

Best Solitaire Game Missile Command Atari VCS

Computer

Computer Game of the Year Star Raiders Atari 400/800

Best Computer Action Game Jawbreaker Atari 800, Apple II, Commodore 64

Best Computer Sports Game Computer Baseball Apple II

1983 Arcade Awards (1982)[edit] The 4th "Arkies" cover games published between October 1, 1981 and October 1, 1982 and were published in the January 1983 issue of Electronic Games.[14]

Award Winner Certificate of Merit

Coin-Op Game Awards (Arcade)

Coin-Op Game of the Year Tron

Ms. Pac-Man Donkey Kong

Best Science Fiction/Fantasy Coin-Op Game Bosconian

Zaxxon Gravitar

Best Coin-Op Game Audio/Visual Effects Turbo

Most Innovative Coin-Op Game Tempest

Lady Bug Qix

Videogame Awards (Console)

Videogame of the Year Demon Attack
Demon Attack
(Atari VCS)

Best Solitaire Videogame Donkey Kong (ColecoVision)

Best Arcade-to-Home Videogame Translation Frogger
Frogger
(Atari VCS) Galactic Invasion (Bally Astrocade)

Best Action Videogame Chopper Command
Chopper Command
(Atari VCS)

Best Adventure Videogame Pitfall!
Pitfall!
(Atari VCS)

Computer Game Division

Computer Game of the Year David's Midnight Magic
David's Midnight Magic
(Apple II) Bandits (Apple II)

Best Computer Adventure Deadline (Apple II) Kabul Spy (Apple II)

Best Arcade/Action Computer Game K-razy Shoot-Out (Atari 400/800) Star Blazer (Apple II)

Best Solitaire Computer Game Snack Attack
Snack Attack
(Apple II) Neptune (Apple II)

Stand-Alone Game Awards (Dedicated)

Stand-Alone Game of the Year Galaxian
Galaxian
(Coleco Mini-Arcade)

Scramble (Tomytronics Super Cobra
Super Cobra
(Entex)

Best Mini-Arcade Game Cartridge Scramble (Vectrex)

1984 Arcade Awards (1983)[edit] The 5th "Arkies" were published in the January 1984 issue of Electronic Games.[15]

Award Winner Certificate of Merit

Coin-Op Games Division (Arcade)

Coin-Op Game of the Year Pole Position

Front Line Super Pac-Man

Best Science Fiction/Fantasy Coin-Op Game Xevious

Jungle Hunt Star Trek

Most Innovative Coin-Op Game Q*bert Baby Pac-Man

Best Coin-Op Game Audio/Visual Effects Dragon's Lair

BurgerTime Popeye

Videogame Division (Console)

Videogame of the Year (Less than 16K ROM memory) Ms. Pac-Man
Pac-Man
(Atari 2600) BurgerTime
BurgerTime
(Intellivision)

Videogame of the Year (16K or more ROM memory) Lady Bug (ColecoVision) Zaxxon
Zaxxon
(ColecoVision)

Best Science Fiction/Fantasy Videogame Vanguard (Atari 5200) Moon Patrol
Moon Patrol
(Atari 2600)

Best Videogame Audio/Visual Effects Donkey Kong Jr.
Donkey Kong Jr.
(ColecoVision) Qix
Qix
(Atari 5200)

Best Action Videogame River Raid
River Raid
(Atari 2600)

Polaris (Atari 2600) Super Cobra
Super Cobra
(Atari 2600)

Best Adventure Game Advanced Dungeons & Dragons (Intellivision)

Jungle Hunt
Jungle Hunt
(Atari 2600) Tutankham
Tutankham
(Atari 2600, ColecoVision, Intellivision, Odyssey²)

Best Arcade-to-Home Videogame Translation Kangaroo (Atari 5200) Turtles (Odyssey²)

Computer Game Division

Computer Game of the Year Lode Runner
Lode Runner
(Apple II) Repton (Apple II, Atari 8-bit)

Electronic Game of the Year (Players Pick) Miner 2049er
Miner 2049er
(Apple II, Atari 8-bit)

Best Computer Adventure Witness (Apple II, Atari 8-bit, Commodore 64, DOS)

Aztec (Apple II) The Dark Crystal (Apple II, Atari 8-bit) Wizardry II: The Knight of Diamonds (Apple II)

Best Computer Action Game Centipede (Atari 8-bit) Jumpman (Atari 400/800)

Most Humorous Computer Game Free Fall (Apple II) Preppie! II (Atari 8-bit)

Best Arcade-to-Home Computer Game Translation Frogger
Frogger
(Atari 8-bit)

Best Multi-Player Computer Game M.U.L.E.
M.U.L.E.
(Atari 8-bit) Oil Barons
Oil Barons
(Apple II)

Best Educational Computer Game Learning With the Leeper (Apple II)

Most Innovative Computer Game Archon: The Light and the Dark (Atari 8-bit) Moondust (Commodore 64)

Stand-Alone Games Division

Stand-Alone Game of the Year Q*bert
Q*bert
(Parker Brothers)

Donkey Kong Jr.
Donkey Kong Jr.
(Coleco Mini-Arcade Ms. Pac-Man
Pac-Man
(Coleco Mini-Arcade)

Mini-Arcade Game of the Year 3-D Sky Attack (Tomytronic 3D)

Emergency (Hattori) Space Invaders
Space Invaders
(Tiger)

1985 Arkie Awards (1984)[edit] The 6th "Arkies" were printed in the January 1985 issue of Electronic Games.[16]

Award Winner

Coin-Op Game Division (Arcade)

Coin-Op of the Year Star Wars

Most Innovative Coin-Op Game Punch-Out

Best Coin-Op Audio-Visual Effects TX-1

Certificates of Merit

Crystal Castles Elevator Action M.A.C.H. 3 Tag Team Wrestling Track & Field

Videogame Division (Console)

Videogame of the Year Space Shuttle (Atari 2600)

Best Action Videogame Buck Rogers
Buck Rogers
(Atari 2600/5200, ColecoVision, Intellivision, SG-1000)

Best Adventure Videogame Pitfall II
Pitfall II
(Atari 2600)

Best Videogame Audio-Visual Effects Congo Bongo
Congo Bongo
(ColecoVision, Atari 5200, Intellivision)

Certificates of Merit

Battlezone (Atari 2600) Bump 'n' Jump
Bump 'n' Jump
(Atari 2600, Intellivision, ColecoVision) Frogger
Frogger
II (Atari 2600/5200, ColecoVision) Montezuma's Revenge (Atari 2600/5200, ColecoVision) Robotron
Robotron
(Atari 5200)

Computer Game Division

Computer Game of the Year Ultima III: Exodus (Apple II, Atari 800, Commodore 64)

Electronic Game of the Year (Players Pick) One on One (Apple II, Atari 8-bit, Commodore 64)

Best Computer Adventure Game Gateway to Apshai (Atari 400/800, Commodore 64)

Most Humorous Video Computer Game Quest for Tires (Apple II, Atari 8-bit, Commodore 64, DOS, MSX)

Best Arcade-to-Home Translation Joust (Commodore 64)

Electronic Educational Game of the Year Agent USA
Agent USA
(Apple II, Atari 8-bit, Commodore 64)

Certificates of Merit

Beyond Castle Wolfenstein
Beyond Castle Wolfenstein
(Apple II, Atari 8-bit, Commodore 64) Bruce Lee (Amstrad CPC, Apple II, Atari 8-bit, Commodore 64, PC-88, Spectrum) Drol
Drol
(Apple II, Atari 8-bit, Commodore 64) Infidel (Apple II, Atari 8-bit, Commodore 64, DOS, Macintosh, TRS-80) Parthian Kings (Apple II) Pharaoh's Pyramid (Atari 800, Commodore 64) Pole Position (Atari 8-bit, BBC Micro, Commodore 64, Spectrum, TI-99/4A, VIC-20) Seven Cities of Gold (Apple IIe, Atari 8-bit, Commodore 64) Wizardry III: Legacy of Llylgamyn (Apple II) Zaxxon
Zaxxon
(Apple II, Atari 8-bit, Commodore 64, TRS-80)

Stand-Alone Games Division

Stand-Alone Game of the Year Zaxxon
Zaxxon
(Coleco Mini-Arcade)

Mini-Arcade Game of the Year Miner 2049er
Miner 2049er
(Tiger)

Certificates of Merit

Donkey Kong II
Donkey Kong II
(Game & Watch) Mario's Cement Factory
Mario's Cement Factory
(Game & Watch) Reversi
Reversi
Master (VTech)

1992 (7th)[edit] Following the magazine's revival in 1992, it published the Electronic Gaming Awards in January 1993, where editors nominated several games for each category and the readers would vote which games win. The following games were nominated for 1992.[17]

Award Nominees Platform

Video Game of the Year

Street Fighter II NHLPA Hockey '93 Sonic the Hedgehog 2

SNES Genesis Genesis

Computer Games of the Year

Aces of the Pacific Civilization Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis SimLife Spear of Destiny

MS-DOS

Multimedia Games of the Year

Dragon Slayer: The Legend of Heroes Night Trap Loom

TurboGrafx-CD Sega CD PC-CD

1993 (8th)[edit] The following games were nominated by editors for the EG Awards of 1993.[18]

Award Nominees Platforms

Video Game of the Year

Aladdin Bubsy Bobcat Mortal Kombat Rock & Roll Racing Sonic Spinball Street Fighter II
Street Fighter II
Turbo

Genesis SNES Genesis / SNES SNES Genesis SNES

Portable Game of the Year

The Legend of Zelda: Link's Awakening Mortal Kombat Star Trek: The Next Generation Super Mario Land 2

Game Boy Game Gear Game Boy Game Boy

Computer Game of the Year

Alone in the Dark Flashback SEAL Team Strike Commander Walker Star Wars: X-Wing

PC

Console Multimedia Game of the Year

Exile: Wicked Phenomenon Lethal Enforcers Road Avenger Robo Aleste Sonic CD Voyeur

TurboDuo Sega CD Sega CD Sega CD Sega CD CD-i

Computer Multimedia Game of the Year

Day of the Tentacle Dracula Unleashed Return of the Phantom Return to Zork Seventh Guest

PC

Reader polls[edit] From May 1982 onwards, the magazine carried out a reader poll in each issue to see which are the most popular games of the month among its readers, up until the January 1985 issue. The top-ranking games in these polls are listed below.[9] 1982[edit]

May

Console: Asteroids
Asteroids
(Runner-Up: Missile Command) Computer: Star Raiders
Star Raiders
(Runner-Up: Space Invaders) Arcade: Pac-Man
Pac-Man
(Runner-Up: Asteroids)

August

Console: Pac-Man
Pac-Man
(Runner-Up: Missile Command) Computer: Star Raiders
Star Raiders
(Runner-Up: Jawbreaker) Arcade: Pac-Man
Pac-Man
(Runner-Up: Tempest)

September

Console: Pac-Man
Pac-Man
(Runner-Up: Missile Command) Computer: Star Raiders
Star Raiders
(Runner-Up: Missile Command) Arcade: Pac-Man
Pac-Man
(Runner-Up: Donkey Kong)

October & November

Console: Defender (Runner-Up: Pac-Man) Computer: Star Raiders
Star Raiders
(Runner-Up: Missile Command) Arcade: Tempest (Runner-Up: Donkey Kong)

The games that were top-ranked the most in these 1982 polls were:

Console: Pac-Man
Pac-Man
(Runner-Up: Defender) Computer: Star Raiders
Star Raiders
(Runner-Up: Missile Command) Arcade: Pac-Man
Pac-Man
(Runner-Up: Tempest)

1983[edit]

January

Console: Pitfall!
Pitfall!
(Runner-Up: Berzerk) Computer: Star Raiders
Star Raiders
(Runner-Up: Pac-Man) Arcade: Donkey Kong (Runner-Up: Dig Dug)

May

Console: Pitfall!
Pitfall!
(Runner-Up: Donkey Kong) Computer: Star Raiders
Star Raiders
(Runner-Up: Pac-Man) Arcade: Donkey Kong

June

Console: Donkey Kong (Runner-Up: Zaxxon) Computer: Star Raiders
Star Raiders
(Runner-Up: Pac-Man) Arcade: Donkey Kong (Runner-Up: Tron)

July

Console: Pitfall!
Pitfall!
(Runner-Up: Donkey Kong) Computer: Star Raiders
Star Raiders
(Runner-Up: Pac-Man) Arcade: Donkey Kong (Runner-Up: Donkey Kong Jr.)

August

Console: Donkey Kong (Runner-Up: Pitfall!) Computer: Pac-Man
Pac-Man
(Runner-Up: Star Raiders) Arcade: Zaxxon
Zaxxon
(Runner-Up: Joust)

September

Console: Donkey Kong Jr.
Donkey Kong Jr.
(Runner-Up: Lady Bug) Computer: Star Raiders
Star Raiders
(Runner-Up: Centipede) Arcade: Pole Position (Runner-Up: Donkey Kong Jr.)

October

Console: Donkey Kong (Runner-Up: River Raid) Computer: Star Raiders
Star Raiders
(Runner-Up: Pac-Man) Arcade: Pole Position (Runner-Up: Donkey Kong)

November

Console: Donkey Kong Jr.
Donkey Kong Jr.
(Runner-Up: Zaxxon) Computer: Star Raiders
Star Raiders
(Runner-Up: Pac-Man) Arcade: Pole Position (Runner-Up: Q*bert)

December

Console: Donkey Kong Jr.
Donkey Kong Jr.
(Runner-Up: Centipede) Computer: Miner 2049er
Miner 2049er
(Runner-Up: Star Raiders) Arcade: Pole Position (Runner-Up: Q*bert)

The games that were top-ranked the most in these 1983 polls were:

Console: Donkey Kong / Donkey Kong Jr. Computer: Star Raiders
Star Raiders
(Runner-Up: Pac-Man) Arcade: Pole Position (Runner-Up: Donkey Kong)

1984[edit]

January

Console: Donkey Kong Jr.
Donkey Kong Jr.
(Runner-Up: River Raid) Computer: Miner 2049er
Miner 2049er
(Runner-Up: Star Raiders) Arcade: Dragon's Lair
Dragon's Lair
(Runner-Up: Star Wars)

November

Console: Pitfall II
Pitfall II
(Runner-Up: Miner 2049er) Computer: Zork I
Zork I
(Runner-Up: Buck Rogers) Arcade: Dragon's Lair
Dragon's Lair
(Runner-Up: Star Wars)

December

Computer: Zork I Arcade: Spy Hunter
Spy Hunter
(Runner-Up: Track & Field)

The games that were top-ranked the most in these 1984 polls were:

Console: Donkey Kong Jr.
Donkey Kong Jr.
/ Pitfall II Computer: Zork I
Zork I
(Runner-Up: Miner 2049er) Arcade: Dragon's Lair
Dragon's Lair
(Runner-Up: Spy Hunter)

1985[edit]

January

Console: Pitfall II
Pitfall II
(Runner-Up: Q*bert) Computer: Miner 2049er
Miner 2049er
(Runner-Up: Donkey Kong) Arcade: Star Wars
Star Wars
(Runner-Up: Dragon's Lair)

There was no reader poll held for the March 1985 issue. Hall of Fame[edit] The twelve games voted by readers as part of the magazine's Hall of Fame up until January 1985.[19]

Pong
Pong
(1972) Space Invaders
Space Invaders
(1978) Asteroids
Asteroids
(1979) Star Raiders
Star Raiders
(1979) Defender (1980) Major League Baseball (1980) Pac-Man
Pac-Man
(1980) Donkey Kong (1981) Quest for the Rings (1981) Miner 2049er
Miner 2049er
(1982) Zaxxon
Zaxxon
(1982) Dragon's Lair
Dragon's Lair
(1983)

References[edit]

^ Plunkett, Luke. "A Little Background On The World's First Ever Video Game Magazine". Kotaku. 29 December 2009. ^ Cifaldi, Frank (2005-12-12). "Playing Catch-Up: Bill 'The Game Doctor' Kunkel Lets Loose". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2008-05-16.  ^ video Summer 1978 (V1N2): p.10 - Video Test number 1 at ataricompendium.com ^ Kohler, Chris (September 6, 2011). "Bill Kunkel, Original Gaming Journalist, Dies at 61". Wired. Retrieved 1 March 2012.  ^ https://archive.org/stream/Electronic-Games-1995-07/Electronic-Games-1995-07_djvu.txt ^ video September 1981 (V5N6): p.88 at ataricompendium.com ^ video December 1981 (V5N9): p.65 at ataricompendium.com ^ Weston, D.B. "Greatest Moments in Video Game History" Page 47. Published 2011 ^ a b " Electronic Games
Electronic Games
Magazine". Internet Archive. Retrieved 1 February 2012.  ^ The Arcade Awards - 1980 - Electronic Games
Electronic Games
Winter 1981, page 38. ^ "Bally Awards" (PDF). Arcadian. 2 (3): 20. 1980-01-15. Retrieved 2 February 2012.  ^ The Arcade Awards - 1981 - Electronic Games
Electronic Games
Winter 1981, page 39. ^ 1981 Arcade Awards - Electronic Games
Electronic Games
March 1982, pages 46-49. ^ 1983 Arcade Awards - Electronic Games
Electronic Games
January 1983, pages 22-37 and page 120. ^ 1984 Arcade Awards - Electronic Games
Electronic Games
January 1984, pages 68-81. ^ 1985 Arcade Awards - Electronic Games
Electronic Games
January 1985, pages 22-28. ^ "Electronic Gaming Awards". Electronic Games
Electronic Games
(38): 26–7. January 1993. Retrieved 5 February 2012.  ^ "Electronic Gaming Awards". Electronic Games. 2 (17): 32–51. February 1994.  ^ "Hall of Fame Winners". Electronic Games. 3 (35): 58–59 [58]. January 1985. Retrieved 2 February 2012. 

External links[edit]

Article on the first issue of Electronic Games PDF magazine repository at archive.org PDF magazine repository

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