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The Info List - Egyptian Air Force


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List of conflicts in Egypt

1948 Arab–Israeli War Suez Crisis North Yemen Civil War Six-Day War Nigerian Civil War War of Attrition Yom Kippur War Shaba I Libyan–Egyptian War Sinai insurgency Second Libyan Civil War 2015 airstrikes in Libya intervention in Yemen

Website www.mod.gov.eg

Commanders

Commander-in-Chief Air Marshal
Air Marshal
Younes Hamed

Chief of Air Staff Fouaad Fouaad Abu el-Nasr[4]

Notable commanders Hosni Mubarak Ahmed Shafik/Reda Hafez

Insignia

Roundel/Finflash

Aviator badge

Insignia Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
ranks

Aircraft flown

Attack F-16, Rafale, Alpha Jet, L-59

Electronic warfare E-2HE2K, Beechcraft 1900, C-130, Commando Mk.2E, Mi-8

Fighter F-16, Rafale, Mirage 2000, Mirage 5

Attack helicopter AH-64 Apache, Mil Mi-8, Aérospatiale Gazelle
Aérospatiale Gazelle
SA-342

Interceptor F-16, Mirage 2000, J-7

Patrol Beechcraft 1900, SA-342

Reconnaissance M-324, Mi-8, Mirage 5

Trainer K-8, EMB 312, G-115, UH-12

Transport C-130, C-295, An-74

The Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
(EAF) (Arabic: القوات الجوية المصرية‎, El Qūwāt El Gawīyä El Maṣrīya), is the aviation branch of the Egyptian Armed Forces, is responsible for all airborne defence missions and operates all military aircraft, including those used in support of the Egyptian Army, Egyptian Navy and the Egyptian Air Defense Forces, created as a separate command in the 1970s, coordinates with the Air Force to integrate air and ground-based air defense operations. The EAF is headed by an Air Marshal ( Lieutenant General
Lieutenant General
equivalent). Currently, the commander of the Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
is Air Marshal
Air Marshal
Younes Hamed. The force's motto is 'Higher and higher for the sake of glory' (Arabic: إلى العلا في سبيل المجد‎, I‘la’ al-a‘là fī sabīl al-magd). The Egyptian Army
Egyptian Army
Air Service was formed in 1932, and became an independent air force in 1937. It had little involvement in the Second World War. From 1948 to 1973 it took part, with generally mediocre results, in four separate wars with Israel, as well as the quasi-War of Attrition. It also supported the Egyptian Army
Egyptian Army
during the North Yemen Civil War and the Libyan–Egyptian War
Libyan–Egyptian War
of 1977. From 1977 to 2011 it saw virtually no combat, but has participated in numerous exercises, including Operation Bright Star. Since 1992 the EAF has also provided aviation support for the police and other national security organizations engaged in the war against terrorism. In recent years the Air Force has acted in the Sinai insurgency, the Second Libyan Civil War and the Intervention in the Yemen. The EAF primary role is the air defence of the nation, with secondary tasks of strike and army support operations. The EAF provides official government transport and carries out international search-and- rescue operations in the desert, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Red Sea. In 2014 the IISS estimated the total active manpower of the Egyptian Air Force at approximately 30,000 personnel, including 10,000 conscripts, with reserves of 20,000 personnel.[1] This contrasts with an estimate of some 35,000 personnel, with most aircrew being long-term professionals, in 2010.[1][5]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Establishment 1.2 Second World War 1.3 1948 Arab–Israeli War 1.4 The Suez Crisis 1.5 The Yemen War 1.6 The Six-Day War 1.7 The Biafran War 1.8 The War of Attrition 1.9 October War 1973 1.10 Shaba I 1.11 Libyan–Egyptian War 1.12 Sinai insurgency 1.13 Second Libyan Civil War 1.14 2015 airstrikes in Libya 1.15 2015 military intervention in Yemen 1.16 2017 Air Strikes in Libya

2 Structure

2.1 Air Bases 2.2 Order of battle 2.3 Silver Stars aerobatic team

3 Aircraft

3.1 Modernization 3.2 Historical aircraft 3.3 Current inventory 3.4 Future 3.5 Munitions

4 Aircraft insignia

4.1 Roundels 4.2 Tail marking

5 Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
ranks 6 Commanders

6.1 Royal Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
commanders 6.2 Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
Chiefs of Staff 6.3 Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
and Defense commanders 6.4 Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
commanders

7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Establishment[edit] In late 1928, the Parliament of Egypt
Egypt
proposed the creation of an Egyptian Air Force. The Egyptian ministry of war announced that it needed volunteers for the new arm to become the first four Egyptian military pilots. Over 200 Egyptian officers volunteered, but in the end only three succeeded in passing strict medical tests and technical examinations. These three went to No. 4 Flying Training School RAF
No. 4 Flying Training School RAF
at RAF Station Abu Sueir near the Suez Canal, where they were trained on a variety of aircraft. After graduation, they traveled to the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
for specialised training.

First three Egyptian pilots

On 2 November 1930, the King of Egypt
Egypt
and Sudan, Fuad I announced the creation of the Egyptian Army
Egyptian Army
Air Force (EAAF). On 27 May 1931 the Egyptian Council of Ministers approved the purchase of five aircraft and the building of an airfield at Almaza with a budget of 50,000 pounds. The aircraft chosen was the British de Havilland Gipsy Moth trainer, the five modified aircraft were flown from England to Egypt and on arrival in May 1932 the air force was founded and the Almaza airfield was formally opened. The first commander of the EAAF was Squadron Leader
Squadron Leader
Victor Hubert Tait RAF, a Canadian, former Senior Air Advisor on the British Military Mission in Egypt. Tait selected staff, weapons and initiated building a number of airfields. In 1934 the British government provided ten Avro 626
Avro 626
aircraft, which were the first real Egyptian military planes. A further 17 626s together with Hawker Audaxes for army cooperation and close support and Avro Ansons for VIP work followed shortly afterward. In 1937 the Egyptian Army
Egyptian Army
Air Force was separated from the Army Command and became an independent branch named the Royal Egyptian Air Force (REAF). New stations were built in the Suez Canal
Suez Canal
Zone, and the Western Desert. During 1938 the REAF received two squadrons of Gloster Gladiator biplane fighters and a squadron of then-modern Westland Lysander reconnaissance aircraft, Egypt
Egypt
was the last state to use the Lysander in action, during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. Second World War[edit] Main article: Egypt
Egypt
during World War II As the Egyptian border was threatened by an Italian and German invasion during the Second World War, the Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
established more airfields in Egypt. The Royal Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
was sometimes treated as a part of the Royal Air Force, at other times a strict policy of neutrality was followed as Egypt
Egypt
maintained its official neutrality until very late in the war. As a result, few additional aircraft were supplied by Britain, however the arm did receive its first modern fighters, Hawker Hurricanes and a small number of Curtiss P-40 Tomahawks. In the immediate post-war period, cheap war surplus aircraft, including a large number of Supermarine Spitfire
Supermarine Spitfire
Mk.IXs were acquired. A 1946 order of battle for the Air Force can be found in Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II. 1948 Arab–Israeli War[edit] Main article: 1948 Arab–Israeli War

Egyptian airplanes flying over Koubbeh Palace
Koubbeh Palace
in celebration of King Farouk I
Farouk I
and Queen Farida's wedding.

Following the British withdrawal from the British Protectorate of Palestine and the establishment of the State of Israel
Israel
on 14 May 1948, Egyptian forces crossed into Palestine as part of a wider Arab League military coalition in support of the Palestinians against the Israelis. The Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
contribution included the Short Stirling bomber,[6] Douglas C-47 Dakotas performing as light bombers and Spitfires. Two Israeli aircraft were shot down and on 22 May 1948, Egyptian Spitfires attacked the RAF Ramat David
RAF Ramat David
airfield, believing that it had already been taken over by Israeli forces. The first raid surprised the British, and resulted in the destruction of several RAF aircraft on the ground, and the deaths of four airmen. The British were uncertain whether the attacking Spitfires had come from Arab or Israeli forces. When second and third raids followed shortly afterwards, the British were ready and the entire Egyptian force was shot down – the last aircraft being baited for some time as the RAF pilots attempted to get a close look at its markings. Relations with Britain were soon restored and the official state of war with Israel
Israel
ensured that arms purchases continued. New Spitfire Mk. 22s were purchased to replace the earlier models. In late 1949, Egypt
Egypt
received its first jet fighter, the British Gloster Meteor
Gloster Meteor
F4 and shortly after de Havilland Vampire FB5s. In 1955, Egypt
Egypt
made an agreement to buy heavy arms from Czechoslovakia, culminating four years of attempts.[7] The Egyptian Government was determined to move away from reliance on British armaments. 1951 discussions had included 60–100 Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15
MiG-15
fighters. Initial Soviet bloc deliveries included the MiG-15s, Ilyushin Il-28
Ilyushin Il-28
bombers, Ilyushin Il-14
Ilyushin Il-14
transports, and Yak-11 trainers. Instructors from Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
accompanied these aircraft. Egypt
Egypt
also began manufacturing its own Czechoslovak-designed Gomhouria Bü 181 Bestmann
Bü 181 Bestmann
primary trainers at this time The Suez Crisis[edit] Main article: Suez Crisis

On display circa 1956, new aircraft purchased from Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
and the USSR
USSR
clockwise: MiG-17F, MiG-15bis, Il-28, Yak-11, Zlin 226, and two Mi-1 helicopters.

After the Egyptian Government's nationalisation of the Suez Canal
Suez Canal
in 1956, Egypt
Egypt
was attacked by Israel, France, and the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
in what came to be known as the Suez Crisis
Suez Crisis
("Tripartite Aggression" in Egypt). Heavy losses were sustained by the Egyptian side. The conflict, though devastating militarily, turned out to be a political victory for Egypt, and resulted in the total withdrawal of the aggressor forces from the country. It also forced the EAF to begin rebuilding with non-British help. In 1958, Egypt
Egypt
merged with Syria
Syria
to form the United Arab Republic, and the previously separate Egyptian, and Syrian forces were combined as the United Arab Republic
United Arab Republic
Air Force. Though Syria
Syria
left the union in 1961, Egypt
Egypt
continued to use the union's official name until 1971, including for its air force.

A formation of Il-28 bombers, over Cairo during a parade in September 1956.

By the mid-1960s, British aircraft had been replaced completely by Soviet hardware. The Soviet Union
Soviet Union
became the principal supplier of the EAF, and many other Arab states. This allowed the EAF to greatly modernise and boost its combat effectiveness. The MiG-21
MiG-21
Fishbed arrived in the early 1960s, bringing with it a Mach 2 capability. The MiG-21
MiG-21
would remain Egypt's primary fighter for the next two decades. In 1967, Egypt
Egypt
had 200 MiG-21s. The EAF also began flying the Sukhoi Su-7
Su-7
fighter/bomber in the mid-1960s. Egypt
Egypt
also began the Helwan HA-300
Helwan HA-300
as its first supersonic aircraft. It never went beyond three prototypes and initial test flights, then was abandoned due to high military cost inflicted upon the Egyptian military involvement in the Yemen War and the defeat in the 1967 war with Israel. The Yemen War[edit] Main article: North Yemen Civil War The Yemeni Royalist side received support from Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
and Jordan, while the Yemeni Republicans were supported by Egypt. The fighting was fierce, featuring heavy urban combat as well as battles in the countryside. Both foreign irregular and conventional forces were also involved. Strategically, the Yemen War was an opportunity for Israel. It stagnated Egyptian military plans for the reinforcement of Sinai, by shifting the Egyptian military focus to another theater of operation. Egyptian historian Mohammed Heikal writes that Israel
Israel
provided arms shipments and also cultivated relationships with hundreds of European mercenaries fighting for the Royalists in Yemen. Israel
Israel
established a covert air-supply bridge from Djibouti
Djibouti
to North Yemen. The war also gave the Israelis the opportunity to assess Egyptian combat tactics and adaptability. Egyptian air and naval forces began bombing and shelling raids in the Saudi southwestern city of Najran and the coastal town of Jizan, which were staging points for royalist forces. In response, the Saudis purchased British Thunderbird (missile)
Thunderbird (missile)
surface-to-air missiles and developed their King Khalid airfield near Khamis Mushait. Riyadh also attempted to convince the United States
United States
to respond on its behalf. In Operation Hard Surface, President Kennedy sent jet fighters and bombers to Dhahran Air Base from May 1963,[8] demonstrating to Egypt the seriousness of his commitment to defending U.S. interests in Saudi Arabia. The Six-Day War[edit] Main article: Six-Day War

Israeli troops examine destroyed Egyptian aircraft.

In the 1967 Six-Day War
Six-Day War
the EAF's combat capacity was severely damaged after the Israeli Air Force
Israeli Air Force
destroyed its air bases in a preemptive strike codenamed Operation Focus. During the last four days the EAF conducted only 150 sorties against Israeli units throughout the Sinai.[9] After the war, the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
replenished EAF stocks, sending large numbers of aircraft and advisors to Egypt
Egypt
to revitalise the EAF. The Biafran War[edit] During the Nigerian Civil War, Nigeria received support from Egypt, as Abdel Nasser sent Egyptian pilots. Pilots were provided to fly the aircraft procured by the Soviet Union, air force Mikoyan MiG-17 fighters and Ilyushin Il-28
Ilyushin Il-28
bombers. The Egyptian conscripts frequently attacked civilian rather than military targets, bombing numerous Red Cross shelters.[10] The War of Attrition[edit]

EAF Ilyushin Il-28
Ilyushin Il-28
bombing Israeli targets east the suez canal during the attrition war

Main article: War of Attrition The years between 1967 and 1970 involved a prolonged campaign of attrition against Israel. The EAF went through a massive construction program to build new air bases in order to increase its survivability. During this period Egypt
Egypt
also received replacements for losses it suffered during the Six Day War. The EAF was the first branch of the Egyptian armed forces to achieve full combat readiness. On 15 July 1967, six Israeli Mirage III
Mirage III
fighters violated Egyptian airspace and orders were given for two formations each consisted of two MiG-21
MiG-21
fighters to intercept, another formation of 2 MiGs piloted by Major Fawzy Salama & Lieutenant Medhat Zaki was ready in West Cairo airbase. Indeed, the formation took off, but for protecting the airbase rather than supporting the interception. October War 1973[edit] During the initial surprise air attack of the Yom Kippur War, over 220 EAF aircraft took part. Unlike their Syrian counterparts, EAF aircraft evaded Israeli radars by flying below detection height. EAF aircraft were held in reserve after that point, mainly concentrating on airfield defence in conjunction with the SA-3
SA-3
'Goa', while the more mobile SA-6
SA-6
'Gainful' protected Egyptian forces at low and medium level, aided by the ZSU-23-4SP and shoulder-held SA-7
SA-7
SAMs. Despite these limitations, the EAF conducted offensive sorties from time to time. The Su-7BM was used for quick strafe attacks on Israeli columns and the Mirage IIIE (sometimes confused with the Mirage 5), donated by Libya, carried out long-range attacks deep inside Sinai at Bir Gifgafa. However, when Israeli armoured forces used a gap between the two Egyptian armies to cross the Suez Canal
Suez Canal
(Operation Stouthearted Men), they destroyed several Egyptian SAM sites, forcing the EAF into battle against the IAF. The EAF claimed victories and continued to contest IAF operations, while also launching attacks on Israeli ground forces on the East Bank of the Suez Canal. In most of these engagements, Egyptian MiG-21s (of all types) challenged Israeli Mirage IIICJs or Neshers.[11] The IAF did not operate freely and did not have complete air supremacy it enjoyed during the previous conflict, the 1967 war. Egyptian MiGs were used with better efficiency than before which included the tactics and lessons learned from the 1967 war.[12] It was during this war that the EAF applied the lessons it earlier learnt from the Israelis. A 32-year-old deputy MiG-21
MiG-21
regiment commander who has been flying since he was 15 recalls: "During the war of attrition, the Israeli air force had a favorite ambush tactic", he told Aviation Week and Space Technology. "They would penetrate with two aircraft at medium altitude where they would be quickly picked up by radar, We would scramble four or eight to attack them. But they had another dozen fighters trailing at extremely low altitude below radar coverage. As we climbed to the attack they would zoom up behind and surprise us. My regiment lost MiGs to this ambush tactic three times. But we learned the lesson and practiced the same tactics. In the final fights over Deversoir, we ambushed some Mirages the same way, and my own 'finger four' formation shot down four Mirages with the loss of one MiG."[13] The Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
commander during the war was then-Air Marshal Hosni Mubarak. On 14 October 1973 one of many Egyptian/Israeli air engagements took place. Initial Egyptian claims were that 15 Israeli aircraft had been destroyed.[14] Israel
Israel
to this day lists no pilots killed on 14 October. Mubarak thereafter altered documents and even photographs from the engagement, creating the "Air battle of Mansoura".[15] Later on, the Egyptian Government changed the country’s "Air Force Day" from 2 November to 14 October, to commemorate the Mansourah air battle.[14] Mubarak was even promoted and feted as a national hero after the war, seemingly principally due to his pilots' ability to hit their target during the initial air attack.[16]

EAF MiG17

Shaba I[edit] During the Shaba I
Shaba I
crisis in Zaire
Zaire
on 1977, Egyptian Air Force provided 50 pilots and technicians, which operated Mirage jets for the Zairian Air Force.[17] Libyan–Egyptian War[edit] Main article: Libyan–Egyptian War During the 1977 Libyan–Egyptian War, there were some skirmishes between Libyan and Egyptian fighters.[18] In one instance, two Libyan Air Force MiG-23MS engaged two EAF MiG-21MFs that had been upgraded to carry Western weaponry. The Libyan pilots made the mistake of trying to manoeuvre with the more nimble Egyptian fighters, and one MiG-23MS was shot down by EAF Maj. Sal Mohammad, while the other Libyan aircraft used its speed advantage to escape. From 1985 the EAF was involved in the joint U.S.-Egyptian biannual Exercise Bright Star. Sinai insurgency[edit] Main article: Sinai insurgency The Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
operated on a large scale during the Sinai insurgency which commenced in 2011. AH-64 Apache
AH-64 Apache
helicopters and F-16 jet fighters bombed numerous militant targets on almost a daily basis.[19] Second Libyan Civil War[edit] Main article: Libyan Civil War (2014–present) During the Second Libyan Civil War
Second Libyan Civil War
there were conflicting reports that Egyptian warplanes bombed Islamist militias in support of the government based in Tobruk. The foreign ministry denied any involvement in the conflict although unnamed Egyptian military officials claimed otherwise.[20] Egypt
Egypt
tightened security on Libyan border following mysterious air strikes.[21] Egyptian forces near the Libyan border have been put on high alert following air strikes on 2016 Jan. 10 from unidentified fighter jets inside Libya. The fighter jets struck Islamic State of Iraq and Levant (ISIL) targets inside Libya, according to news reports.[22] The Libyan coastal city of Sirte has served as ISIL’s capital in North Africa since the terror group seized the city last summer.[23] After receiving three MiG-21MFs and three Mi-8s from Egypt
Egypt
just half a year ago, it appears the Libyan Air Force
Libyan Air Force
is now further strengthened by two MiG-21MFs from the same source. The former EAF mounts are a welcome addition to the under-equipped Libyan Air Force, which is currently waging a war against Libya
Libya
Dawn, Ansar al-Sharia and even the Islamic State, the latter centered around the Libyan city of Derna.[24][25] On 6 March 2016, Egypt
Egypt
and France
France
began on Sunday a joint military exercise termed as the "Ramses-2016" in the coastal city of Alexandria along the Mediterranean.[26][27][28] The French nuclear-powered aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle is steaming through the Red Sea
Red Sea
on its way to the Mediterranean via the Suez Canal
Suez Canal
for joint maneuvers with the Egyptian air force and navy in preparation for a reduced coalition offensive against Islamic State’s deepening grip on Libya.[26][29] 2015 airstrikes in Libya[edit] Main article: February 2015 Egyptian airstrikes in Libya The February 2015 Egyptian airstrikes in Libya against Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) positions in Libya
Libya
took place on 16 February 2015, and were triggered by a video released by ISIL in Libya a day earlier, depicting the beheading of 21 Coptic Christians from Egypt. Within hours, the Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
responded with airstrikes against ISIL training camps and weapons stockpiles[30] in retaliation for the killings.[31] Warplanes acting under orders from the Libyan government also struck targets in Derna, reportedly in coordination with Egypt.[32] It is believed that more than eight EAF f-16 jet fighters were used for the strikes, including the newly joined "block 52" versions. The air strikes had allegedly killed up to 81 ISIL militants,[33][34] including three of the leadership, in the coastal cities of Derna and Sirte. Libyan media reported that at least 35 more Egyptians had been rounded up by ISIL in retaliation for the air raids.

2015 military intervention in Yemen[edit] Main article: Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen

An airstrike in Sana'a on 11 May 2015

Egyptian Air Forces are participating in a Saudi-led joint regional military operation to halt the advance of Shia Houthi rebels in Yemen,[35] Egypt’s presidency announced on 2015 March 25 in a statement. the Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
participated in airstrikes against Houthis
Houthis
in Yemen.[36] Egypt’s military participation "through elements of the Egyptian air and navy forces" aims to support the Saudi-led regional coalition to restore stability in Yemen "under legitimate leadership", according to the Egyptian presidency’s statement.[37] The Egyptian air force supported pro-government forces when they attacked Al Anad Air Base
Al Anad Air Base
in the south of Yemen. "EAF and paratroopers aerial supported Yemeni ground forces who have now seized the military base killing scores of Houthi rebels".[38] 2017 Air Strikes in Libya[edit] Main article: 2017 Minya attack In retaliation for an ISIL attack on a Coptic bus in Minya, the Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
conducted six air strikes against terror camps in Libya
Libya
as reported by state television.[39] Structure[edit] Air Bases[edit] Source:[40]

Abu Suweir

Mansoura

Alexandria/Intl

Aswan

Zagazig

Beni Suef

Bilbays

Birma/Tanta

Cairo/Almaza

Cairo/Intl

Cairo/West

Minya

Fayid

Gabal El Basur

Hurghada

Inshas

Gianaclis

Kom Awshim

Mersa Matruh

Jandali

Air bases of the Egyptian Air Force Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
bases

Abu Suweir Air Base 30°34′22″N 032°05′47″E / 30.57278°N 32.09639°E / 30.57278; 32.09639 El Mansoura Air Base 30°58′03″N 031°26′03″E / 30.96750°N 31.43417°E / 30.96750; 31.43417 Borg al Arab Air Base 31°11′02″N 029°56′50″E / 31.18389°N 29.94722°E / 31.18389; 29.94722 Aswan Air Base 23°57′54″N 032°49′24″E / 23.96500°N 32.82333°E / 23.96500; 32.82333 Az Zagazig (Abu Hammad) Air Base 30°35′39″N 031°39′58″E / 30.59417°N 31.66611°E / 30.59417; 31.66611 Beni Sueif Air Base 29°12′43″N 031°00′57″E / 29.21194°N 31.01583°E / 29.21194; 31.01583 Bilbeis Air Base 30°23′42″N 031°36′05″E / 30.39500°N 31.60139°E / 30.39500; 31.60139 Birma/Tanta Air Base 30°50′13″N 030°56′11″E / 30.83694°N 30.93639°E / 30.83694; 30.93639 Almaza Air Base 30°05′33″N 031°21′35″E / 30.09250°N 31.35972°E / 30.09250; 31.35972 Cairo/Intl Air Base 30°07′19″N 031°24′20″E / 30.12194°N 31.40556°E / 30.12194; 31.40556 Cairo-West Air Base 30°06′59″N 030°54′56″E / 30.11639°N 30.91556°E / 30.11639; 30.91556 El Minya Air Base 28°05′56″N 030°43′44″E / 28.09889°N 30.72889°E / 28.09889; 30.72889 Fayid Air Base 30°20′04″N 032°15′50″E / 30.33444°N 32.26389°E / 30.33444; 32.26389 Gebel El Basur Air Base 30°32′24″N 030°33′38″E / 30.54000°N 30.56056°E / 30.54000; 30.56056 Hurghada Air Base 27°11′03″N 033°47′54″E / 27.18417°N 33.79833°E / 27.18417; 33.79833 Inshas Air Base 30°19′57″N 031°26′51″E / 30.33250°N 31.44750°E / 30.33250; 31.44750 Gianaclis New Air Base 30°49′18″N 030°11′35″E / 30.82167°N 30.19306°E / 30.82167; 30.19306 Kom Awshim Air Base 29°33′15″N 030°53′42″E / 29.55417°N 30.89500°E / 29.55417; 30.89500 Mersa Matruh Air Base 31°19′28″N 027°13′20″E / 31.32444°N 27.22222°E / 31.32444; 27.22222 Wadi El Gandali (Khatamia) Air Base 30°03′01″N 031°50′22″E / 30.05028°N 31.83944°E / 30.05028; 31.83944

Order of battle[edit] Data from[41]

102 Tact Fighter Brigade

26sq – Mersa Matruh (J-7) 82sq (det.)- Mersa Matruh (Mir. 2000) ..sq – Mersa Matruh (Mi-8)

282 Tactical Fighter Wing

86th TFS – Fayid (F-16C/D) 88th FTS – Fayid (F-16C/D)

111 Fighter Brigade

41sq – Hurghada (F-7B) 42sq – Hurghada (F-7B) 22sq – Aswan (F-7B)

601 AEW Brigade

87sq – Cairo/West (E-2C)

222 Tact Fighter Brigade

76sq – Cairo/West (F-4E) 78sq – Cairo/West (F-4E)

.. 601 ECM Brigade

80sq – Kom Awshim (Teledyne UAV)

53? Helicopter
Helicopter
Brigade

18sq – Kom Awshim (CH-47C)

272 Tact Fighter Wing

75th TFS – Gianaclis (F-16C/D) 77th TFS – Gianaclis (F-16C/D) 79th TFS – Gianaclis (F-16C/D)

232 Tact Fighter Wing

72nd TFS – Inshas (F-16A/B) 74th TFS – Inshas (F-16A/B)

Navigation School

2sq – Inshas (An-74)

544 ECM Brigade

81sq – Inshas (Beech 1900)

207 Tactical Fighter Wing

69sq – Birma/Tanta (Mir.5SDE) 73sq – Birma/Tanta (Mir.5SDE)

252 Tactical Fighter Wing

71sq – Gebel El Basur (Mir.5SDE) 82sq – Gebel El Basur (Mir.2000)

203 Tactical Fighter Wing

34sq – Gebel El Basur (Rafale)

242 Tact Fighter Wing

68th TFS – Beni Sueif (F-16C/D) 70th TFS – Beni Sueif (F-16C/D) ..sq – Beni Sueif (Mi-17)

262 Tact Fighter Wing

60th TFS – Abu Suweir (F-16C/D)

308th Tactical Fighter Wing

56sq – El Mansourah (Alpha Jet) 57sq – El Mansourah (Alpha Jet)

519 Helicopter
Helicopter
Brigade

40sq -Almaza (UH-60) 8sq – Almaza (Mi-8) 9sq – Almaza (Mi-8)

533 Helicopter
Helicopter
Brigade

5sq – Almaza (Commando) 6sq – Almaza (Commando)

54? Helicopter
Helicopter
Brigade

..sqn – Ismailiyah (SA-342) ..sqn – Abu Sultan (SA-342) ..sqn – Kibrit (SA-342)

5?? Helicopter
Helicopter
Brigade ..sq – Quweisna (Mi-17) Government

Government Flight – Cairo/Almaza

Flying Training Air Squadron 117Flying Training School

..sq – Wadi el Jandali (Grob 115EG) ..sq – Wadi el Jandali (Grob 115EG)

550 Attack Heli Brigade

51sq – Wadi el Jandali (AH-64) 52sq – Az Zagaziq (AH-64) 53sq – Az Zaqaziq (AH-64)

516 Transport Brigade

4sq – Cairo/Intl (C-130H) 16sq – Cairo/Intl (C-130H) ..sq – Cairo/Almaza (C-295)

Air Force Academy – Training Brigade

..sq – Bilbeis (K-8E) ..sq – Bilbeis (K-8E) ..sq – Bilbeis (K-8E)

Air Force Academy – Training Brigade

83sq – Bilbays (EMB-312) 84sq – Bilbays (EMB-312) 85sq – Bilbays (EMB-312)

Air Navigation School

..sq – Bilbays 2sq – Almaza (DHC-2)

770th Weapon Training Brigade

89sq – El Minya (L-59) 98sq – El Minya (K-8E) 201sq – El Minya (K-8E)

312 Helicopter
Helicopter
Training Brigade

..sq – Daraw (Mi-8)

545th Tactical Helicopter
Helicopter
Wing

7sq – Borg al Arab (Sea King) 11sq – Borg al Arab (SA-342) 37sq – Borg al Arab (SH-2G)

Silver Stars aerobatic team[edit]

Egyptian K-8 Used by Silver Stars at the 2015 Malta International Airshow

Silver Stars is the Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
aerobatic display team flying 10 K-8E Karakorum jet trainer aircraft painted in white, red and black colors. All planes are equipped with red, white and black smoke generators. During the shows, the Silver Stars performs eight different formations along with several single aircraft passes. Aircraft #6325 (Star 1) carries the name "Sharaf" after the team leader. Another team's planes also carried the pilots names painted at the K-8 nose. All pilots are flying instructors at the Egyptian Air force Academy based in Belbeis Airport. The Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
demonstration team "The Silver Stars" was formed in the mid of 1974 to participate at "October War" anniversary. Pilots of the team were flying instructors at the Air force
Air force
College and flew four L-29 planes painted in dark green and brown and yellow – standard color scheme. In 1984, the Sliver Stars aerobatic team switched to six Alpha Jet
Alpha Jet
training airplanes. In the following year, team's planes became nine. In 2003, the team made the switch to the K-8E Karakorum trainer and from 2005 was led by Group Captain
Group Captain
Mostafa Fathi. Since 2010, the team is now flying ten aircraft – nine plus one solo. Aircraft[edit] See also: List of aircraft of the Egyptian Air Force The Camp David Accords
Camp David Accords
caused a gradual change in the overall composition of the EAF. The EAF began to rely more on US, French and in some cases on Chinese aircraft. The addition of these aircraft from multiple sources along with the ones already in the EAF inventory caused increasing serviceability problems. In 1982, the EAF began receiving General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon fighters under the Peace Vector Program. As of 2015, the EAF received a total of 220 F-16s. 18 aircraft were lost in accidents and 7 F-16A/Bs were grounded. These grounded F-16A/Bs were later overhauled, upgraded and returned to active service, additional F-16s were acquired to replace those lost. In 1986, the EAF received the French Mirage 2000
Mirage 2000
fighters, one was lost in a training accident. Egypt
Egypt
also license-built Alphajets, Tucano airplanes and Westland Gazelle
Westland Gazelle
helicopters. In 1987 the E-2C Hawkeye
E-2C Hawkeye
Airborne Early Warning (AEW) entered service and was upgraded with advanced AN/APS-145 radars. The EAF also upgraded its F-16
F-16
fighters to C/D standard that enabled them to fire the AGM-84 Harpoon
AGM-84 Harpoon
anti-ship missile. The EAF currently operates 46 AH-64 Apache
AH-64 Apache
attack helicopters 36 of which were initially delivered as the AH-64A variant but were later upgraded to AH-64D standard.[42] On 22 May 2009, Egypt
Egypt
requested the purchase of 36 Apache Arrowhead sensor systems as part of an order for 12 Block II AH-64D Apache helicopters. The number was later reduced to 10 Helicopters. 74 Grob G-115's and 120 K-8 Karakorum trainers were also ordered.[43] Modernization[edit]

The Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
operates 220 F-16s

Egypt
Egypt
made several deals with Ukrainian companies for the modernization of its old MiG-21
MiG-21
fleet but these deals were not implemented and no future plans to modernize the fleet of Mig-21s were put in place. On 3 March 2010, the EAF ordered 20 Lockheed Martin F-16C/D Block 52 aircraft.[44] The contract was set to complete in 2013 and included 16 single-seat F-16C and four twin-seat F-16D aircraft. On 14 August 2012, the US Defense Department awarded a major contract to facilitate the procurement of F-16s by the EAF. The Pentagon selected American International Contractors for a $66.6 million contract to upgrade infrastructure for Egypt’s order of 20 F-16
F-16
Block 52 aircraft, estimated at $2.2 billion.[45] On 24 July 2013, the U.S. announced it would halt deliveries of the F-16s in response to the 2013 Egyptian coup d'état.[46] In March, 2015 the US announced the resumption of the deliveries of the F-16s, the last of which was delivered in October, 2015.[47][48] On 16 February 2015, Egypt
Egypt
became the Rafale's first international customer when it officially ordered 24 Rafales,[49] as part of a larger deal (including a FREMM multipurpose frigate
FREMM multipurpose frigate
and a supply of missiles) worth US$5.9 billion (€5.2 billion).[50][51][52] In July 2015, the official ceremony, marking the acceptance by Egypt of its first 3 Rafales, was held at the Dassault Aviation flight test center in Istres.[53] In January 2016, Egypt
Egypt
received three more Rafale
Rafale
fighters, raising the number of Rafales in service to six.[54] All six aircraft are two-seat models and were diverted from delivery to the French Air Force; Egypt's total 24-plane order is for 8 single-seat models and 16 two-seaters.[55]

Egypt
Egypt
became the Rafale's first international customer when it officially ordered 24 Rafales

In April 2014, it was reported that Egypt
Egypt
plans to order 24 MiG-35 fighters as part of an arms deal.[56][57] MiG head Sergei Korotkov said at the 2015 Aero India exposition they will provide the fighters if Egypt
Egypt
orders them and are ready to negotiate.[58] Russia
Russia
agreed on a contract with Egypt
Egypt
for 50 MiG-35 fighters and is expected to be worth up to $2 billion.[59][60][61] Russia
Russia
plans to supply the Egyptian MiG-35s with 40 high precision targeting pods. Deliveries would begin in 2016.[62] Russia
Russia
and Egypt
Egypt
signed a contract for delivery of 50 Ka-52 helicopters.[63] The Ka-52 will be equipped with the new OES-52 targeting system allowing it to launch Vikhr and Ataka anti-tank missiles using laser target direction systems. The execution of the contract will start in 2016 until 2018.[64][65] SAGEM
SAGEM
and AOI-Aircraft Factory have signed a collaboration agreement concerning the Patroller UAV. AOI-Aircraft Factory could handle final assembly of the drones and will develop a dedicated training center in Egypt
Egypt
to train staff for the operation and maintenance of the drone systems.[66] On 18 April 2016, Egypt
Egypt
signed a contract with France
France
for the sale of a military telecommunications satellite after discussions between the Egyptian and French presidents and between the Ministers of Defence, which took place during a visit by French President Francois Hollande to Cairo. The satellite will be supplied by Airbus Defence and Space and Thales Alenia Space. The price of the contract wasn't announced but is estimated at around 600 million euros.[67]

46 Ka-52 Alligators and an unknown number of Ka-52Ks are on order

In December 2015, Russian Helicopters
Russian Helicopters
agreed to provide after-sales service and maintenance for the Egyptian Air Force's fleet of 41 Mi-8Ts and 3 Mi-17-1V helicopters in Russia. Under the agreement, the Egyptian repair plant at Helwan Factory (HFDI), an enterprise owned by the Arab Organization for Industrialization, will be authorized as an aircraft repair plant able to carry out comprehensive repairs to Mi-8T, Mi-17-1V and Mi-17V-5 helicopters operated in Egypt. In order to support repair work to the frames, components, gears and rotor systems in the helicopters, the company will deliver equipment for the production line, provide design and technical support and transfer all the necessary documentation to the Egyptian side for a two-year period. Egyptian specialists will be trained to carry out such repairs at the company’s Novosibirsk
Novosibirsk
Aircraft Repair Plant.[68] In September 2016, Russian Helicopters
Russian Helicopters
delivered the first 3 refurbished Mi-8T helicopters to the Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
after a major overhaul. The company also announced that the necessary equipment for the retooling and upgrading of the Helwan Factory aircraft repair plant had been prepared for shipment and that the Egyptian service technicians had completed training.[69] Historical aircraft[edit] Main article: List of aircraft of the Egyptian Air Force Current inventory[edit]

A MiG-21PFM in flight

A Egyptian Lockheed C-130H

A Mil Mi-8
Mil Mi-8
Hip helicopter

A right side view of an Egyptian F-4E

An Antonov An-74
An-74
in flight

A RQ-20 Puma UAV

Aircraft Origin Type Variant In service Notes

Combat Aircraft

MiG-21 Soviet Union fighter

54[70]

MiG-29 Russia multirole M 15 31 on order[71]

Alpha Jet France
France
/ Germany light attack

40[70] 27 units are dedicated for training

Mirage 5 France attack E2/SDE/SDR 81[70] 6 used for conversion training

Mirage 2000 France multirole 2000EM 19[70] 4 used for conversion training

Chengdu F-7 China fighter

60[70]

Dassault Rafale France multirole D/E 11 13 on order[70]

F-16
F-16
Fighting Falcon United States multirole F-16A/C 168[70] 50 F-16B/D variants are used for training

Air Tractor AT-802 United States COIN AT-802U 12[72][73] acquired from the UAE[74][75]

AEW&C

E-2 Hawkeye United States AEW E-2C 7[70]

Transport

CASA C-295 Spain transport

23[70]

DHC-5 Buffalo Canada transport

8[70]

Antonov An-74 Ukraine transport

3[70]

C-130
C-130
Hercules United States transport / SAR C-130H 21[70]

Beechcraft 1900 United States transport

8[70] 4 assigned to electronic-warfare

Helicopter

Mil Mi-17 Russia utility Mi-8/17 62[70]

Kamov Ka-50 Russia scout / anti-armor

10 36 on order[70]

AH-64 Apache United States attack AH-64D 46[70]

CH-47 Chinook United States transport / CSAR CH-47D 19[70]

Sikorsky UH-60 United States utility UH-60M 2[70]

Westland Sea King United Kingdom transport / utility Commando Mk.2/1 23[70]

SH-2G Super Seasprite United States ASW / maritime patrol

10[70]

Aérospatiale Gazelle France scout / anti-armor SA342 89[70]

AgustaWestland AW109 Italy light utility / VIP

3[70]

AgustaWestland AW139 Italy light utility / VIP

2[70]

Trainer aircraft

Aero L-39 Czech Republic primary trainer

49[70]

Grob G 115 Germany basic trainer

74[70]

Hongdu JL-8 China
China
/ Pakistan jet trainer K-8 120[70]

Embraer EMB-312 Brazil trainer

54[70]

UAV

ASN-209 China surveillance

locally produced under license[76]

CASC Rainbow[77] China surveillance CH-5

CAIG Wing Loong[78] China reconnaissance

RQ-20 Puma[79][80] United States surveillance

hand launched system

324 Scarab[81] United States surveillance

Lipán M3
Lipán M3
[82] Argentina surveillance

Meggitt Banshee
Meggitt Banshee
-[83] United Kingdom target drone

Future[edit] Egypt
Egypt
is in an advanced stage of negotiations for the purchase of the Russian strategic airlifter Il-76MD-90A. The first export contracts of the aircraft were to be signed within 4–6 months after the MAKS-2015 Airshow.[84] Airbus Defence and Space
Airbus Defence and Space
received from Egypt
Egypt
its first order of A400M. Egypt
Egypt
asked the company to have the A400M as soon as possible.[85][86] Rosoboronexport
Rosoboronexport
and the Russian Helicopters
Russian Helicopters
holding are engaged in consultations with their Egyptian partners concerning a possible acquisition of Kamov Ka-52K ship-based helicopters for the 2 Mistral-class helicopter carriers that Egypt
Egypt
has agreed to buy from France.[87] An Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
delegation had access to the helicopter before the official opening of the MAKS- 2015.[88] Munitions[edit] Main article: List of munitions used by the Egyptian Air Force Aircraft insignia[edit] The Roundel of the EAF consists of three circles, with the outside one being red, the middle one white, and the inner one being black, matching the Egyptian flag. Former roundels of the EAF included a similar variant with two green stars used from 1961 to 1973, and one with the old Egyptian crescent and three stars on a green background. Changes in markings reflect political changes. Roundels[edit]

1932 — 1932 1932 — 1932 1932 — 1945 1945 — 1958 1958 — 1972 1972–present

Tail marking[edit]

1932 — 1945 1945 — 1958 1958 — 1972 1972 — 1984 1984–present

Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
ranks[edit] Main article: Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
ranks

Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
ranks

Commissioned Officers & Enlisted personnel

Shoulder straps —-

Patches Aircraftman Corporal Sergeant Master Sergeant Pilot Officer Flying Officer Flight Lieutenant Squadron Leader Wing Commander Group Captain Air Commodore Air Vice-Marshal Air Marshal Air Chief Marshal

Code NATO OR-1 OR-2 OR-3 OR-4 OF-1 OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 OF-7 OF-8 OF-9

Commanders[edit] The following individuals have had command of the Egyptian Air Force:[89]

Squadron Leader
Squadron Leader
Victor Hubert Tait, first commander of the Egyptian Air Force when it was created

Royal Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
commanders[edit]

1932 to 1936 Squadron Leader
Squadron Leader
Victor Hubert Tait[90][91] list incomplete 6 July 1939 to 20 August 1939 Ali Islam[92] 20 August 1939 to 21 October 1940 Hassan Mohammed Abdel Wahab[93] 21 October 1940 to 4 October 1942 Ali Muwafi[94] 4 October 1942 to 4 November 1944 Hassan Hosni Taher[95] 8 November 1944 to 11 March 1947 Mohammed Metwaly[96] 11 March 1947 to 23 July 1952 Mohammed Mustafa Sha'arawy[97]

Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
Chiefs of Staff[edit]

30 July 1952 to 22 June 1953 Hassan Mahmoud[98] 23 June 1953 to 19 September 1959 Mohamed Sedky Mahmoud[99]

Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
and Defense commanders[edit]

20 September 1959 to 11 June 1967 Mohamed Sedky Mahmoud[99]

Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
commanders[edit]

Ali Mustafa Baghdady

11 June 1967 to 2 November 1967 Air Vice-Marshal
Air Vice-Marshal
Madkour Ahmed Abou El-Ezz[100][101] 2 November 1967 to 22 June 1969 Air Vice-Marshal
Air Vice-Marshal
Mustafa Shalaby El Hennawy[102] 22 June 1969 to 23 April 1972 Air Vice-Marshal
Air Vice-Marshal
Ali Mustafa Baghdady[103] 23 April 1972 to 16 April 1975 Air Chief Marshal
Air Chief Marshal
Hosni Mubarak 16 April 1975 to 6 April 1980 Air Vice-Marshal
Air Vice-Marshal
Mahmoud Shaker Abd El Moneim[104] 6 April 1980 to 14 April 1982 Air Vice-Marshal
Air Vice-Marshal
Mohamed Lotfy Shabana[105] 14 April 1982 to 15 April 1987 Air Vice-Marshal
Air Vice-Marshal
Mohamed Abd El Hamid Helmy[106] 15 April 1987 to 6 April 1990 Mohamed Alaa El Din Barakat[107] 7 April 1990 to 7 April 1996 Ahmed Abdel Rahman Nasser[108] 7 April 1996 to 1 March 2002 Air Marshal
Air Marshal
Ahmed Shafik[109] 1 March 2002 to 20 March 2008 Air Marshal
Air Marshal
Magdy Galal Sharawi 20 March 2008 to 14 August 2012 Air Marshal
Air Marshal
Reda Mahmoud Hafez Mohamed[110] 14 August 2012 to present Air Marshal
Air Marshal
Younes Hamed

See also[edit]

List of air forces Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
ranks National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences

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for over $1 billion". 24 September 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2018.  ^ "Новинками нашего авиапрома интересуются клиенты "Рособоронэкспорта" и Египет" (in Russian). 26 August 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2018.  ^ Commanders ^ Air Force ^ "V H Tait". Retrieved 24 December 2014.  ^ Air Force ^ Air Force ^ Air Force ^ Air Force Archived 2 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ http://www.mmc.gov.eg/branches/AIRFORCE/force9.htm ^ http://www.mmc.gov.eg/branches/AIRFORCE/force10.htm ^ http://www.mmc.gov.eg/branches/AIRFORCE/force11.htm ^ a b Air Force Archived 16 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 November 2008. Retrieved 25 November 2011.  ^ The Air Force Archived 2 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ The Air Force Archived 2 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Air Force Archived 2 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Air Force Archived 2 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Air Force Archived 2 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Air Force Archived 2 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Air Force Archived 2 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Air Force Archived 23 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 October 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2014.  ^ Air Vice Marshal Archived 18 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine.

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