Edgbaston is an affluent suburban area of central Birmingham, England,
curved around the southwest of the city centre. It is bordered by
Moseley to the south east and by
Winson Green to the
In the 19th century, the area was under the control of the
Gough-Calthorpe family and the Gillott family who refused to allow
factories or warehouses to be built in Edgbaston, thus making it
attractive for the wealthier residents of the city. Thus it was known
as "where the trees begin".
Edgbaston is home to
Ground, a Test match venue, the University of Birmingham, established
Birmingham Medical School in 1825, eight out of the nine
independent schools within the city,
Golf Club, one of the
most exclusive private members clubs in the Midlands, as well as the
Priory Club, which boasts world class sporting facilities.
The area is also home to a Michelin star restaurant, Simpsons, as well
as a host or renowned pubs such as The Highfield, The Physician and
The parliamentary constituency of
Edgbaston includes the smaller
Edgbaston ward and the wards of Bartley Green,
Harborne and Quinton.
Edgbaston is also a local government district, managed by its own
4 Places of interest
7 Transport and amenities
8 Future tram halt
9 Famous residents
11 Further reading
12 External links
Edgbaston means "village of a man called Ecgbald", from the Old
English personal name + tun "farm". The personal name Ecgbald means
"bold sword" (literally "bold edge"). The name was recorded as a
village known as Celboldistane in the Hundred of Coleshill in the 1086
Domesday Book until at least 1139, wrongly suggesting that Old
English stān "stone, rock" is the final element of the name.[citation
Cattle graze in
Edgbaston in 1830
Edgbaston had a population of around 1,000 people. By 1841,
this had increased to 16,500 as a result of wealthy manufacturers
moving to the area. By 1850, 29 roads had been laid out and
uninterrupted growth continued.
United Kingdom Census 2001 found that 20,749 people were living in
Birmingham City Council ward of Edgbaston, in 8,666 households.
This produced an average of 2.4 people per household, slightly below
the citywide average of 2.5. The ward, which has an area of 871.6ha,
had a population density of 23.8 people per hectare. Like the city of
Edgbaston had a slightly higher proportion of females, at
50.1%, to males. 27.1% of the population was in the 25–44 age
bracket and 15.1% were aged between 45–59. At 14.8%,
Edgbaston had a
lower proportion of people of a pensionable age than the rest of
Birmingham (16.7%). It also had a lower proportion of people of
working age at 73.8%, although it was above the national percentage of
Edgbaston has a slightly above average percentage for ethnic
minorities with ethnic minorities representing 31.8% of the population
as opposed to 29.6% for Birmingham. The largest ethnic minority group
British Asian group at 16.1%. 25.6% of people were born
outside of the United Kingdom, above the
Birmingham figure of 16.5%.
Christianity was the most predominant religion, with 52.5% of the
population stating that they were Christians, compared with 59.1% for
Birmingham. 8.0% stated that they were Muslims, below the Birmingham
figure of 14.3%.
Edgbaston was home to a significant Orthodox Jewish
community. 19.1% of the
Edgbaston population stated that they had no
46.4% of households were owner-occupied, below the
of 60.4%. 19.3% were rented privately, 15.2% were rented from a
housing association and 11.6% were rented from
Council. There was a total number of 9,191 houses in Edgbaston, 525 of
which were vacant. At 45.6%, the largest proportion of houses in
Edgbaston were purpose-built blocks of flats. This is much higher than
the city average of 17.9%. Detached houses were the second most common
housing type in the ward at 19.7%.
Edgbaston had an unemployment rate of 8.1%, below the city average of
9.5% although above the national average of 5%. 13.4% of the
population stated themselves as students. Of the unemployed, 42% were
in long term unemployment and 15.6% had never worked. At 24.6%, the
majority of the population worked in finance, real estate, and
business activities. The largest employer in the area was the Heart
Birmingham Primary Care Trust, employing 10,000 people.
Edgbaston Parliamentary Constituency has a much higher population.
Edgbaston constituency shown within Birmingham
Warwickshire County Cricket Club
Warwickshire County Cricket Club is based at the
Ground, the area historically being part of Warwickshire. As well as
hosting regular county matches, the ground plays host to the England
cricket team during one day internationals and test matches.
The area also has a world class tennis venue; The
DFS Classic for female players has been held there every
year since 1982 and some of the world's top players participate. The
tournament is part of the
WTA Tour and wins count towards world
rankings. The oldest lawn tennis club in the world, the Edgbaston
Archery and Lawn
Tennis Society, founded in 1860 is nearby.
There is also a members-only golf course which offers views over the
southern part of the suburb.
Edgbaston Croquet Club has been located
in the area since 1915.
Places of interest
The Church of
England parish churches are St Augustine's Church, St
Germain's Church, St. George's Church and St. Bartholomew's Church,
also known as
Edgbaston Old Church.
Birmingham Central Synagogue
built in 1961 is also in Edgbaston. The
Roman Catholic church of the
Birmingham Oratory, on Hagley Road, was built in 1907 in the Baroque
style as a memorial to John Henry Newman, who founded the English
Oratory here. Its dome is a prominent landmark.
J. R. R. Tolkien
J. R. R. Tolkien lived in
Edgbaston during his teenage years, and the
two towers of Edgbaston,
Perrott's Folly and the Waterworks Tower,
both close to the Oratory, are said to have provided inspiration for
part of his
The Lord of the Rings
The Lord of the Rings novel. The Barber Institute of Fine
Arts, which is located on the University of
Birmingham campus, is a
purpose built gallery which contains a wide range of art from the
masters to Picasso.
Edgbaston Reservoir, formerly known as
Rotton Park Reservoir, provides
a header supply for the
Birmingham Canal Navigations and is an
important inner city leisure amenity. There are three public gardens
located within Edgbaston; the
Birmingham Botanical Gardens and the
lesser known University of
Winterbourne Botanic Garden
Winterbourne Botanic Garden and
Martineau Gardens. Adjoining the university gardens is
(not to be confused with the reservoir) which is a Site of Special
Scientific Interest. Deer's Leap Wood is a Site of Local Importance
for Nature Conservation in the former Mitchells & Butlers
(brewery) land in the north part of Edgbaston.
Edgbaston contains the
only Grade I listed domestic building in Birmingham, notably one of
the Arts & Crafts houses number 21 Yateley Road, designed by
Herbert Tudor Buckland, and built for his own use.
Edgbaston Hall, a
Grade II listed country hall, is located within the ward. It is
currently the clubhouse for
BBC opened television studios at Pebble Mill in 1971, which were
in use for 33 years until closing in October 2004 and being demolished
the following year. The site remains vacant, despite plans upon its
closure for a science and technology park to be developed there.
Edgbaston is a constituency, and its Member of Parliament
(MP) is Labour's Preet Gill.
Edgbaston ward of
Birmingham City Council is represented by three
Conservative councillors, including Deirdre Alden, who unsuccessfully
challenged Gisela Stuart in the 2005 general election and 2010
election. Of the other wards of the
Edgbaston constituency, Bartley
Green is represented by three Conservative councillors,
one Conservative and two Labour councillors, and Quinton by three
The constituency has sent a female candidate to Parliament for the
past 54 years. Previous MPs included Prime Minister Neville
Chamberlain, who was born in Edgbaston.
Chancellor's Court, University of Birmingham
Since the beginning of the 20th century,
Edgbaston has been home to
the main campus of the University of
Birmingham and to
School for Girls, St Paul's School for Girls, St George's School, King
Edward's School, King Edward VI Five Ways School, King Edward VI High
School for Girls and Priory School. Because of this, there are
numerous university halls of residence in the area. At the centre of
the university can be found the Joseph Chamberlain Memorial Clock
Tower, one of Birmingham's tallest buildings.
Edgbaston is also the home of Queen's College, an ecumenical
theological college. West House School, independent primary schools
Birmingham Blue Coat School and Hallfield School [ St Swithun's School
] are also located in the area. The Elmhurst School for Dance, the
oldest vocational dance school in the United Kingdom, relocated to a
new building in
Edgbaston in 2004. St Philip's Grammar School used to
be located adjacent to the Oratory. However, it became a sixth form
college in 1976 and then merged with South
Birmingham College in 1995.
Transport and amenities
Two railway stations serve the area. The first, University station, is
found in south Edgbaston, west of
Birmingham University. The second is
Five Ways railway station
Five Ways railway station in the north of the ward on the city's
Middle Ring Road. Both stations are on the Cross-City Line. Between
these two stations used to be another; Somerset Road station. However,
this was closed and demolished some years ago.
A38 road (Bristol Road) runs through the ward and is one of the
main traffic arteries of the city reaching out to the south west of
the city and beyond from the city centre and New Street. Along this
route buses frequently stop. There are several other bus routes
Birmingham Canal passes through the
area, connecting the city centre with the
River Severn at Worcester.
This was constructed and opened in the 1790s and is used mainly for
leisure and recreational purposes as opposed to its originally
intended industrial usage.
A456 road (Hagley Road) runs through the north of
gives a relatively swift link with the city centre as well as faraway
places including Halesowen,
Kidderminster and Hereford.
The nearest public libraries to the area are in Harborne, Selly Oak
and Balsall Heath, whilst the University of
Birmingham main library
(which members of the public can join for a fee) is in the area. There
are a number medical facilities in the area, with two of the most well
known being the University Medical Centre and the Calthorpe clinic.
Two hospitals are nearby, the Queen Elizabeth Hospital and Selly Oak
Future tram halt
Edgbaston tram stop
Edgbaston tram stop is projected as the
Midland Metro system is
Here is a list of notable residents, many of whom have had Blue
Plaques erected on their former houses by The
Birmingham Civic Society
Annette Badland actress
Gilbert Barling lived at 6 Manor Road
Dr Rosslyn Bruce lived at 4 Manor Road between 1912–1923.
Barbara Cartland was born in Edgbaston, at 31 Augustus
Austen Chamberlain Foreign Secretary and Nobel Peace Prize-winner
lived at 83
Neville Chamberlain (1869–1940) Former British Prime Minister, was
born in a house called Southborne, in Edgbaston.
Oscar Deutsch lived at 8
Rotton Park Road
Charles Geach MP, founder of the Midland Bank, lived in Wheeleys Hill
(now Wheeleys Road)
William Haywood (architect)
William Haywood (architect) lived at 245 Bristol Road (house now
Rowland Hill (postal reformer)
Rowland Hill (postal reformer) lived at 146 Hagley Road (house now
John Jaffray founder of the
Birmingham Daily Post and Birmingham
Mail lived at 249 Bristol Road
Major Arthur Keen MC (1895–1918) World War I flying ace lived in
Edgbaston until his military service.
Celia Levetus (1874–1936), illustrator
Oliver Lodge lived at Westbourne Road (house now demolished)
Pink Floyd drummer
Nick Mason was born in Edgbaston.
Constance Naden lived most of her life at Pakenham House, Edgbaston.
John Henry Newman
John Henry Newman lived at the
Birmingham Oratory, Hagley Road
Eugene W. Oates
Eugene W. Oates Ornithologist
John Henry Poynting
John Henry Poynting lived at 11 St Augustine's Road
William Slim, 1st Viscount Slim
William Slim, 1st Viscount Slim lived in Poplar Avenue, B 17.
Joseph Sturge lived at Wheeleys Road (house now demolished)
J.R.R. Tolkien also lived there for a period during his younger life,
with Perrot's Folly and the
Edgbaston Waterworks supposedly providing
him with the inspiration behind The Two Towers.
William Withering lived at
Science fiction author
John Wyndham was born there in 1903 and lived
at 239 Hagley Road (now demolished) until 1911 when his parents
Francis Brett Young
Francis Brett Young lived at 105
^ Tom Dyckhoff. "Let's move to Edgbaston, Birmingham". The Guardian.
The Guardian. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
^ http://opendomesday.org/place/SP0584/edgbaston/ Open Domesday Map:
^ Davidoff, Leonore; Catherine Hall (2002). Family Fortunes: Men and
Women of the English Middle Class, 1780–1850. Routledge.
p. 369. ISBN 0-415-21064-X.
^ a b c d "2001 Population Census in Birmingham: Ward Profiles".
Birmingham City Council. 2001. Archived from the original (pdf) on 12
March 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-28.
^ "Edgbaston" (pdf).
Birmingham Economy. February 2007. Retrieved
2008-03-28. [permanent dead link]
Edgbaston Croquet Club".
Edgbaston Croquet Club. Retrieved
^ http://www.edgbastonoldchurch.org.uk/hist.html St. Bartholomew's
Church, Edgbaston: History
Midland Metro Grand Central extension opens". British Trams Online.
Retrieved 10 June 2016.
Birmingham New Street tram extension opens". Rail News. Retrieved
10 June 2016.
^ Edwards, E. (1887). Personal recollections of
Birmingham men. Birmingham: Midland Educational Trading Company
Limited. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
^ http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/keen.php Retrieved on 8
Canon Doctor Terry Slater, 2002,
Edgbaston Past, Phillimore,
Birmingham City Council:
Birmingham City Council:
Edgbaston in the Domesday Book
Government of Birmingham
Birmingham council constituencies and wards
Moseley and Kings Heath
Lozells and East Handsworth
Sutton Four Oaks
Sutton New Hall
Stechford and Yardley North
Areas of Birmingham
Birmingham City Centre
Tyburn, West Midlands