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The EAST COAST MAIN LINE (ECML) is a 393-mile long (632 km) major railway link between London
London
and Edinburgh
Edinburgh
via Peterborough
Peterborough
, Doncaster , Wakefield
Wakefield
, Leeds
Leeds
, York
York
, Darlington
Darlington
and Newcastle , electrified along the whole route. Services north of Edinburgh
Edinburgh
to Aberdeen and Inverness use diesel trains. The main franchise on the line is operated by Virgin Trains East Coast .

The route forms a key artery on the eastern side of Great Britain and is broadly paralleled by the A1 trunk road . It links London, the South East and East Anglia , with Yorkshire, the North East Regions and Scotland
Scotland
. It also carries key commuter flows for the north side of London. It is important to the economic health of several areas of England
England
and Scotland
Scotland
. It also handles cross-country, commuter and local passenger services, and carries heavy tonnages of freight traffic.

CONTENTS

* 1 Route definition and description

* 2 History

* 2.1 Electrification

* 3 Infrastructure

* 4 Rolling stock

* 4.1 Commuter Trains * 4.2 High Speed Trains * 4.3 Future Trains

* 5 Operators

* 6 Development

* 6.1 Capacity problems * 6.2 Recent developments * 6.3 Planned or proposed developments

* 7 Accidents * 8 Passenger volume * 9 Popular culture * 10 References

ROUTE DEFINITION AND DESCRIPTION

The ECML forms part of Network Rail 's Strategic Route G which comprises six separate lines:

* The main line between London
London
King\'s Cross and Edinburgh
Edinburgh
Waverley stations, via Stevenage , Peterborough
Peterborough
, Grantham
Grantham
, Newark North Gate , Retford , Doncaster , York
York
, Northallerton , Darlington
Darlington
, Durham , Newcastle , Morpeth , Alnmouth , Berwick-upon-Tweed and Dunbar . The line crosses the Anglo-Scottish border at Marshall Meadows Bay ; * The Doncaster branch of the Wakefield
Wakefield
Line , between Doncaster and Leeds
Leeds
, via Wakefield
Wakefield
Westgate ; * The Northern City Line from Finsbury Park to Moorgate ; and * The Hertford Loop Line
Hertford Loop Line
from Alexandra Palace to Stevenage. * The branch line to North Berwick * The Dunbar loop

The core part of the route is the main line between King's Cross and Edinburgh, with the Hertford Loop used for local and freight services and the Northern City Line providing an inner suburban service direct to the city.

The route has ELRs ECM1 - ECM9.

HISTORY

The line was built by three railway companies, each serving their own area, but with the intention of linking up to form the through route that became the East Coast Main Line. From north to south they were

* the North British Railway
Railway
, from Edinburgh
Edinburgh
to Berwick-upon-Tweed, completed in 1846, * the North Eastern Railway
Railway
from Berwick-upon-Tweed to Shaftholme * the Great Northern Railway
Railway
from Shaftholme to King's Cross, completed in 1850.

When first completed, the GNR made an end-on connection at Askern, famously described by the GNR's chairman as, "a ploughed field four miles north of Doncaster ", with the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway , a short section of which was used to reach the NER at Knottingley
Knottingley
. In 1871, the route was shortened - NER opened a direct line which ran from an end-on junction with the GNR, at Shaftholme, just south of Askern to Selby and then (once over Selby bridge on the Leeds
Leeds
- Hull Line) direct to York
York

Realising that through journeys were an important part of their business, the companies established special rolling stock in 1860 on a collaborative basis; it was called the "East Coast Joint Stock".

In 1923 the three companies were grouped into the London
London
and North Eastern Railway
Railway
(LNER). This later became part of British Railways in 1948 .

Numerous alterations to short sections of the original route have taken place, the most notable being the opening of the King Edward VII Bridge in Newcastle upon Tyne
Newcastle upon Tyne
in 1906 and the Selby Diversion , built to bypass anticipated mining subsidence from the Selby coalfield and a bottleneck at Selby station. The Selby Diversion was opened in 1983 and diverged from the original ECML at Temple Hirst Junction, north of Doncaster, and joined the Leeds
Leeds
to York
York
Line at Colton Junction south west of York. The former line between Selby and York
York
is now used as a cycle path. LNER Class A3 No. 2547 Doncaster hauls the daily Flying Scotsman in 1928. 55012 "Crepello" enters King\'s Cross in May 1976. The Class 55 Deltic was the main express locomotive on the ECML between 1961 and 1981.

The ECML has been the backdrop for a number of famous rail journeys and locomotives. The line was worked for many years by Pacific locomotives designed by Gresley , including the famous steam locomotives "Flying Scotsman " and "Mallard ". Mallard achieved a world record speed for a steam locomotive, at 126 miles per hour (203 km/h) and this record was never beaten. It made the run on the Grantham-to- Peterborough
Peterborough
section, on the descent of Stoke Bank.

Steam locomotives were replaced by Diesel electrics in the early 1960s, when the purpose-built Deltic locomotive was developed by English Electric
English Electric
. The prototype was successful and a fleet of 22 locomotives was built, to handle all the important express traffic. The Class 55s were powered by two Napier Deltic engines originally developed for fast torpedo boats, with the three crankshaft triangular configuration of the engines giving the Deltic name. Their characteristic throaty exhaust roar and chubby body outline made them unmistakable. The Class 55 was for a time the most powerful diesel locomotive in service in Britain, at 3,300 hp (2,500 kW).

Just after the Deltics were introduced, the first sections of the East Coast Main Line
East Coast Main Line
were upgraded to allow 100 miles per hour (160 km/h) running. The first length to be cleared for the new higher speed was a 17 miles (27 km) stretch between Peterborough
Peterborough
and Grantham
Grantham
on 15 June 1965, the second was 12 miles (19 km) between Grantham
Grantham
and Newark.

As the demand for higher speed intensified, the Deltics were superseded by the High Speed Train (HST), introduced between 1976 and 1981, and still in service in 2015, re-engined, with MTU engines replacing the original Paxman Valenta power units.

A prototype of the HST, the Class 41 achieved 143 mph (230 km/h) on the line in 1973. Current UK legislation requires in-cab signalling for speeds of over 125 mph which is the primary reason preventing the InterCity 225
InterCity 225
train-sets from operating at their design speed of 140 mph (225 km/h) in normal service.

A secondary factor was that the signalling technology of the time was insufficient to allow detection of two broken rails on the line on which the train was operating.

Before the present in-cab regulations came in, British Rail experimented with 140 mph running by introducing a fifth, flashing green signalling aspect on the Down Fast line (signals P487 to P615) and Up Fast line (signals P610 to P494) between New England
England
North and Stoke Tunnel. The fifth aspect is still shown in normal service and appears when the next signal is showing a green (or another flashing green) aspect and the signal section is clear, which ensures that there is sufficient braking distance to bring a train to a stand from 140 mph. Locomotives have operated on the ECML at speeds of up to 161.7 mph (260.2 km/h) in test runs. The capability to run special test trains in excess of 125 mph is listed as being maintained in the LNE Sectional Appendix

ELECTRIFICATION

The ECML was electrified using 25 kV AC overhead lines by British Rail in two phases between 1976 and 1991: The first phase between London
London
(King's Cross) and Hitchin was carried out between 1976 and 1978 as part of the Great Northern Suburban Electrification Project using Mk.3A equipment. This included the Hertford Loop Line
Hertford Loop Line
. The second phase began in 1984, when authority was given to electrify to Edinburgh
Edinburgh
and Leeds
Leeds
using Mk.3B equipment. Construction began in 1985, and the section between Hitchin and Peterborough
Peterborough
was completed in 1987, Doncaster and York
York
were reached in 1989. By 1990 electrification had reached Newcastle, and in 1991 Edinburgh. At the peak of the electrification project during the late 1980s, it was claimed to be the "longest construction site in the world" at over 250 miles (400 km). The current InterCity 225
InterCity 225
rolling stock was introduced in 1990 to work the electrified line.

INFRASTRUCTURE

The line is mainly four tracks from London
London
to Stoke Tunnel, south of Grantham
Grantham
. However, there are two major twin-track sections: the first of these is near Welwyn North Station as it crosses the Digswell Viaduct and passes through two tunnels; the second is a section around 'Stilton Fen', between Fletton Junction near Peterborough, and southwards towards Holme Junction; furthermore, the section between Holme Junction south to Huntingdon is mostly triple track. North of Grantham
Grantham
the route is twin track except for four-track sections at Retford around Doncaster, between Colton Junction (which is south of York), Thirsk and Northallerton , and another at Newcastle.

The main route is electrified along the full route and only the line between Leeds
Leeds
and York
York
(Neville Hill Depot to Colton Junction) is non-electrified. This diversionary route will be electrified as part of the transpennine electrification scheme, to be completed by December 2018.

With most of the line rated for 125 mph (200 km/h) operation, the ECML was the fastest main line in the UK until the opening of High Speed 1 . These relatively high speeds are possible because much of the ECML travels on fairly straight track on the flatter, eastern regions of England, through Lincolnshire and Cambridgeshire , though there are significant speed restrictions (due to curvature) particularly north of Darlington
Darlington
and between Doncaster and Leeds. By contrast, the West Coast Main Line has to traverse the Trent Valley and the mountains of Cumbria , leading to many more curves and a lower general speed limit of 110 mph (180 km/h). Speeds on the West Coast Main Line (WCML) have been increased in recent years with the introduction of tilting Pendolino trains and now match the 125 mph speeds available on the ECML.

ROLLING STOCK

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COMMUTER TRAINS

CLASS IMAGE TYPE CARS PER SET TOP SPEED NUMBER OPERATOR ROUTES BUILT

MPH KM/H

Class 68

Diesel locomotive 1 100 160 2 Abellio ScotRail Fife Circle Line
Fife Circle Line
2013-14

Mk2 Coach

Passenger coach 6 100 160 12 1973-75

Class 158

DMU 2 90 145 48 Abellio ScotRail Cumbernauld Line
Cumbernauld Line
, Shotts Line , Fife Circle Line
Fife Circle Line
, Highland Main Line , Borders Railway , North Berwick Line
North Berwick Line
(Occasional Saturday Services to Dunbar) 1989-92

Class 170 Turbostar

DMU 3 90 145 55 Abellio ScotRail Glasgow to Edinburgh
Edinburgh
via Falkirk Line , Edinburgh
Edinburgh
to Aberdeen Line , Edinburgh
Edinburgh
to Dunblane Line , Fife Circle Line
Fife Circle Line
, Edinburgh
Edinburgh
Crossrail , Highland Main Line , Borders Railway
Railway
, North Berwick Line
North Berwick Line
(Saturday Services to Dunbar and a peak time North Berwick Service) 1998-2005

Class 185 Pennine

DMU 3 100 160 51 TransPennine Express Joining the ECML at York
York
and continuing Newcastle and Scarborough 2005–06

Class 313

EMU 3 75 120 44 Great Northern London
London
Moorgate and London
London
King\'s Cross to Welwyn Garden City , Hertford North , Stevenage , and Letchworth Garden City 1976–77

Class 318 (gangway removed)

EMU 3 90 145 21 Abellio ScotRail North Clyde Line 1986-87

Class 320

EMU 3 90 145 22 Abellio ScotRail North Clyde Line 1990

Class 320/4 (ex-Class 321/4)

100 161 7 1989–90

Class 334

EMU 3 90 145 21 Abellio ScotRail North Clyde Line 1999-2002

Class 350/4 Desiro

EMU 4 110 180 10 TransPennine Express Edinburgh
Edinburgh
to Manchester Airport 2013–14

Class 365

EMU 4 100 161 40 Great Northern London
London
King\'s Cross to Peterborough
Peterborough
, Cambridge
Cambridge
and Ely 1994–95

Class 387/1

EMU 4 110 177 29 Great Northern London
London
King\'s Cross to Peterborough
Peterborough
, Cambridge
Cambridge
and King\'s Lynn 2014-15

Class 380 Desiro

EMU 3 100 160 22 Abellio ScotRail North Berwick Line
North Berwick Line
2009-11

4 16

HIGH SPEED TRAINS

CLASS IMAGE TYPE CARS PER SET TOP SPEED NUMBER OPERATOR ROUTES BUILT

MPH KM/H

Class 43 HST InterCity 125
InterCity 125

Diesel locomotive VTEC: 2 x 9 GC: 2 x 6 XC: 2 x 7 EMT: 2 x 8 125 200 58 Virgin Trains East Coast Grand Central CrossCountry
CrossCountry
East Midlands Trains Virgin Trains EC Services from London
London
King\'s Cross to: Edinburgh
Edinburgh
, Aberdeen , Inverness as well as daily services to Lincoln Central , Hull and Harrogate . Grand Central Services from London
London
King\'s Cross to: Sunderland and Bradford Interchange
Bradford Interchange
. CrossCountry
CrossCountry
joins the ECML at either Doncaster or York
York
and continuing to Newcastle , Edinburgh
Edinburgh
, Glasgow Central , Dundee and Aberdeen East Midlands operates a limited service of HSTs which joins the ECML at Doncaster and continuing to Leeds
Leeds
1976-82

Mark 3 Coach

Passenger coach 272 1975-88

Class 91 Intercity 225

Electric locomotive 2 x 9 140 225 31 Virgin Trains East Coast London
London
King\'s Cross to: Edinburgh
Edinburgh
, Leeds
Leeds
, Glasgow Central , York and Newcastle 1988—91

Mark 4 carriage

Passenger coach 302 1988-91

Driving Van Trailer

Driving Van Trailer 31 1988-91

Class 180 Adelante

DEMU 5 125 200 11 Grand Central Hull Trains Grand Central Services from London
London
King\'s Cross to: Sunderland and Bradford Interchange
Bradford Interchange
. Hull Trains Services from London
London
King\'s Cross to: Hull 2001

Class 220 Voyager

DEMU 4 125 200 34 CrossCountry
CrossCountry
Joining the ECML at either Doncaster or York
York
and continuing to Newcastle , Edinburgh
Edinburgh
, Glasgow Central , Dundee and Aberdeen 2000-01

Class 221 SuperVoyager

DEMU 5 125 200 43 CrossCountry
CrossCountry
Virgin Trains XC: Joining the ECML at either Doncaster or York
York
and continuing to Newcastle , Edinburgh
Edinburgh
, Glasgow Central , Dundee and Aberdeen Virgin Trains Services from Edinburgh
Edinburgh
to: London
London
Euston via Birmingham and Preston 2001-02

Class 222 Meridian

DEMU 4 125 200 4 East Midlands Trains East Midlands operates a limited summer Saturday service which joins the ECML at Doncaster and continuing to York
York
and Scarborough 2003–5

5 17

7 6

Class 390 Pendolino

EMU 9 or 11 140 (limited to 125) 225 (limited to 200) 56 Virgin Trains Edinburgh
Edinburgh
to: London
London
Euston via Birmingham and Preston 2001-04 2009-12

FUTURE TRAINS

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CLASS IMAGE TYPE CARS PER SET TOP SPEED NUMBER OPERATOR ROUTES ENTER SERVICE

MPH KM/H

Class 43 HST InterCity 125
InterCity 125

Diesel locomotive 2 x 4 2 x 5 125 200 54 Abellio ScotRail Highland Main Line , Edinburgh
Edinburgh
to Aberdeen Line 2018-

Mark 3 Coach

Passenger coach 175

Class 68

Diesel locomotive 1 100 160 19 TransPennine Express Joining the ECML at York
York
and continuing to Newcastle 2018–19

Mark 5A

Passenger coach 5 125 201 52

Driving Trailer 14

Class 385

EMU 3 100 160 46 Abellio ScotRail Glasgow to Edinburgh
Edinburgh
via Falkirk Line , Stirling / Alloa / Dunblane Lines , Shotts Line , Carstairs Line , North Berwick Line
North Berwick Line
2017-

4 24

Class 397

EMU 5 125 201 12 TransPennine Express Edinburgh
Edinburgh
to Manchester Airport and Liverpool Lime Street 2019

700/0 "> A train operated by the former main provider of services on the line, East Coast . Overview of the ECML (in blue) and other north-south mainlines in the UK

The line's current principal operator is Virgin Trains East Coast , whose services include regular trains between King's Cross, the East Midlands, Yorkshire, the North East of England and Scotland. Virgin Trains East Coast is jointly operated by Stagecoach Group and Virgin Group and took over from East Coast on 1 March 2015. Other operators of passenger trains on the line are:

* Great Northern : long distance services between King's Cross, Peterborough, Cambridge
Cambridge
and King's Lynn and commuter services between Moorgate and Stevenage via either Welwyn Garden City or the Hertford Loop . * Hull Trains : operate six trains per day between King's Cross and Hull and one per day between King's Cross and Beverley on weekdays, whilst on weekends there are seven trains a day between King's Cross and Hull. * East Midlands Trains : local services between Grantham
Grantham
and Peterborough, part of the service that runs between Liverpool Lime Street and Norwich , as well as infrequent services between London- York
York
and Scarborough, extensions of services running to/from Sheffield, Leicester and London
London
St Pancras . * CrossCountry
CrossCountry
: cross-country services north of Sheffield are routed via either Leeds
Leeds
or Doncaster. Leeds
Leeds
trains use the ECML between Wakefield
Wakefield
Westgate and Leeds
Leeds
and then again north of York. Doncaster trains use the ECML north of Doncaster. Services run to and beyond Edinburgh. Occasional services run from Doncaster to Leeds before rejoining the ECML at York. * TransPennine Express : between Liverpool Lime Street and Newcastle also between Manchester Airport and Middlesbrough before they divert off the ECML to Middlesbrough via Yarm . * Northern : suburban services from Doncaster to Leeds
Leeds
and Chathill to Newcastle via Morpeth railway station and infrequent services between Newcastle and Darlington
Darlington
that continue to Middlesbrough and Saltburn . Services between Selby and York
York
also use the line from Hambleton Junction to York. * Abellio ScotRail : services from Edinburgh
Edinburgh
Waverley to North Berwick and Dunbar . * Grand Central : intercity operate five daily services between King's Cross and Sunderland , branching off the main line at Northallerton; and four daily services between King's Cross and Bradford , branching off at Doncaster.

Eurostar
Eurostar
previously held the rights to run five trains a day on the line for services from continental Europe to cities north of London, as part of the Regional Eurostar
Eurostar
plan, although such services have never been run.

The overnight Caledonian Sleeper operated by Serco occasionally uses the ECML when engineering works prevent it from using its normal train path on the WCML.

DB Cargo UK
DB Cargo UK
, Direct Rail Services , Freightliner and GB Railfreight operate freight services.

DEVELOPMENT

CAPACITY PROBLEMS

The ECML is one of the busiest lines on the British rail network and there is currently insufficient capacity on parts of the line to satisfy all the requirements of both passenger and freight operators.

There are bottlenecks at the following locations:

* The section of twin track within a four-line section at Welwyn North over the Digswell Viaduct
Digswell Viaduct
and through the Welwyn tunnels * The twin and triple-track sections located between Huntingdon and Peterborough
Peterborough
. * Just north of Newark station at a flat crossing with the Nottingham to Lincoln Line
Nottingham to Lincoln Line
. * The section of double track between Stoke Tunnel and Doncaster. * Doncaster station has limited facilities for terminating branch trains on the up side of the station. This has been remedied with the opening of a new platform (platform 0) on the up side so that trains to and from the Thorne direction are able to de-conflict their arrivals and departures with high-speed trains. * The north throat of York
York
station including Skelton Bridge Junction * South of Newcastle to Northallerton (which is also predominately double track), leading to proposals to reopen the Leamside line to passenger and freight traffic.

Railway
Railway
operations are vulnerable during high winds and there have been several de-wirements over the years due to the unusually wide spacing (up to 75 m) between the supporting masts of the overhead lines . The other cost-reduction measure was the use of headspan catenary support systems over the quadruple track sections – as employed in the Weaver Junction to Glasgow Electrification on the WCML during the 1970s. Headspans do not have mechanically independent registration (MIR) of each electrified road and thus are more complex to set up, compared to TTC (two-track cantilever) and portal style support structures, during installation. In the event of a de-wirement of a given road, headspans result in the need to correctly set up the OLE of adjacent roads before the line can reopen to electric traction. This was a result of extreme pressure from the Department for Transport to reduce avoidable costs when the line was originally electrified between 1985 and 1990.

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

* The Allington Chord was constructed near Grantham
Grantham
in 2006, allowing services between Nottingham
Nottingham
and Skegness to call at Grantham without having to use the ECML, trains now passing under the line. This provided sufficient extra capacity for 12 additional services between Leeds
Leeds
and London
London
each day.

* A new platform at London
London
King's Cross was opened on 20 May 2010. This was originally to be called "Platform Y". Instead it has been named Platform 0 to avoid confusion of lettered and numbered platforms. * At the southern end of York
York
station a short length of fourth track was installed in early 2011 at Holgate Junction with accompanying OLE and signalling systems. This work helped to remove one of the bottlenecks on the East Coast Main Line. Previously, trains from Leeds would sometimes have to wait before entering the station. The improvement allows for better flow of trains in and out of the station. * Provision of a £47m grade-separated junction to the north of Hitchin (the Hitchin flyover ) enabling down Cambridge
Cambridge
trains to cross the main line The work was completed by 26 June 2013 * Major remodelling of Peterborough
Peterborough
station was completed during early 2014 providing three platform faces for services in the up direction towards London
London
and two for ECML services travelling north on the down lines. An additional two platform faces are also available for Cross Country services to and from stations to the east of Peterborough. * A new flyover just south of Joan Croft level crossing in South Yorkshire to allow freight trains from Immingham to pass over the line on their way to Eggborough and Drax power stations , was completed in very early 2014. The project, known as the North Doncaster Chord, also replaced the level crossing on a minor road with a new overbridge just to the north of the original crossing point. * Renewal and gauge enhancement of the Great Northern and Great Eastern Line which runs parallel to the ECML between Peterborough
Peterborough
and Doncaster. This removes freight traffic from a heavily congested section of the ECML. * A new Rail Operating Centre
Rail Operating Centre
(ROC), with training facilities, opened in early 2014 at the "Engineer's Triangle" in York. The ROC will enable signalling and day-to-day operations of the route to be undertaken in a single location. Signalling control/traffic management using ERTMS
ERTMS
is scheduled to be introduced from 2020 on the ECML between London
London
King's Cross and Doncaster - managed from the York
York
ROC. * An £8.6 million redevelopment of Newcastle Central Station
Newcastle Central Station
was completed in 2014 enhancing the existing station and provide a state-of-the-art station for thousands of passengers. * Provision of a new Up bay platform (Platform 0) at Doncaster station (part of the ECML Connectivity programme). * Platform extensions at Stevenage, Grantham, Newark North Gate, Northallerton, Durham and Edinburgh
Edinburgh
Waverley stations for the Intercity Express Programme.

PLANNED OR PROPOSED DEVELOPMENTS

See also: Intercity Express Programme

Over the years successive infrastructure managers have developed schemes for route improvements. The most recent of which is the £240 million "ECML Connectivity Fund" included in the 2012 HLOS with the objective of increasing capacity and reducing journey times. Current plans include the following specific schemes:

* King's Cross throat remodelling to improve capacity and introduce higher speed turnouts reducing journey times. * Connection of the ECML to Thameslink as part of the Thameslink Programme (for Thameslink and Great Northern commuter services to be extended to south London). * Power supply enhancement on the diversionary Hertford Loop route * Additional turnback facility at Gordon Hill (part of the ECML Connectivity programme). * Additional down platform and turnback facility at Stevenage (part of the ECML Connectivity programme) - now delayed from CP5 to CP6. * Re-quadrupling of the route between Huntingdon and Woodwalton (HW4T) which was rationalised in the 1980s during electrification (part of the ECML Connectivity programme). This also involves the closure and diversion of a level crossing at Abbots Ripton. * Enhanced passenger access to the platforms at Peterborough
Peterborough
and Stevenage * Further remodelling at Peterborough
Peterborough
and linespeed enhancements on the down slow line in the Fletton area * Werrington Grade Separation: A £96 million scheme to increase capacity north of Peterborough
Peterborough
station by constructing a dive under to route rail traffic between the Stamford Lines and the GNGE line, thereby avoiding at-grade conflicts on the ECML. The scheme is under TWA application (February 2017). * Replacement of the Flat Crossing at Newark with a flyover (scheme developed to GRIP Stage 2 by Jacobs) * Upgrading of the Down Fast line at Shaftholme Junction from 100 mph to 125 mph and higher speed associated crossovers. * Modified north throat at York
York
Station to reduce congestion for services calling at Platforms 9 - 11 (part of the ECML Connectivity programme) * Freight loops between York
York
and Darlington
Darlington
(part of the ECML Connectivity programme). * Darlington
Darlington
station up fast line platform and future station remodelling as part of HS2. * Fitment of TASS Balises and Gauging/Structure works proposed by the open operator GNER (Alliance Rail) to enable tilt operation of Pendolino trains north of Darlington
Darlington
station, supporting its aspirations for express 3hr43min London
London
to Edinburgh
Edinburgh
Services.

And on a more route wide basis the following projects:

* Power supply upgrades (PSU) between Wood Green and Bawtry (Phase 1 - completed in September 2017) and Bawtry to Edinburgh
Edinburgh
(Phase 2), including some overhead lines (OLE) support improvements, rewiring of the contact and catenary wires, and headspan to portal conversions (HS2P). * The line between London
London
King\'s Cross and Bawtry, on the approach to Doncaster , will be signalled with Level 2 ERTMS
ERTMS
. The target date for operational ERTMS
ERTMS
services is December 2018 with completion in 2020 * Level crossing closures between King's Cross and Doncaster: As of July 2015 this will no longer be conducted as a single closure of 73 level crossings but will be conducted on a case-by case basis (for example Abbots Ripton Level Crossing will close as part of the HW4T scheme.) * Increasing maximum speeds on the fast lines between Woolmer Green and Dalton-on-Tees up to 140 mph (225 km/h) in conjunction with the introduction of the Intercity Express Programme, level crossing closures, ETRMS fitments, OLE rewiring and the OLE PSU - est. to cost £1.3 billion (2014). This project is referred to as "L2E4" or London to Edinburgh
Edinburgh
(in) 4 Hours. L2E4 examined the operation of the IEP at 140 mph on the ECML and the sections of track which can be upgraded to permit this, together with the engineering and operational costs.

ACCIDENTS

The ECML has been witness to a number of incidents resulting in death and serious injury:

TITLE DATE KILLED INJURED NOTE

Welwyn Tunnel rail crash 000000001866-06-09-00009 June 1866 2 2 Three-train collision in tunnel, caused by guard's failure to protect train and signalling communications error

Hatfield rail crash (1870) 000000001870-12-26-000026 December 1870 8 3 Wheel disintegrated causing derailment killing six passengers and two bystanders

Abbots Ripton rail disaster 000000001876-01-21-000021 January 1876 13 59 Flying Scotsman crashed during a blizzard.

Morpeth rail crash (1877) 000000001877-03-25-000025 March 1877 5 17 Derailment caused by faulty track.

Thirsk rail crash (1892) 000000001892-11-02-00002 November 1892 10 43 Signalman forgot about a goods train standing at his box and accepted the Scotch Express onto his line.

Grantham
Grantham
rail accident 000000001906-08-19-000019 August 1906 14 17 Runaway or overspeed on junction curve causing derailment - no definite cause established.

Welwyn Garden City rail crash 000000001935-06-15-000015 June 1935 14 29 Two trains collided due to a signaller's error.

King\'s Cross railway accident 000000001945-02-04-00004 February 1945 2 26 Train slipped on gradient and rolled back into station.

Potters Bar rail crash 000000001946-02-10-000010 February 1946 2 17 Local train hit buffers fouling main line with wreckage hit by two further trains.

Doncaster rail crash (1947) 000000001947-08-09-00009 August 1947 18 188 King's Cross to Leeds
Leeds
train was incorrectly signalled into a section already occupied by a stationary train, which resulted in a rear-end collision.

Goswick rail crash 000000001947-10-26-000026 October 1947 28 65 Edinburgh- London
London
Flying Scotsman failed to slow down for a diversion and derailed. Signal passed at danger

Doncaster rail crash 000000001951-03-16-000016 March 1951 14 12 Train derailed south the station and struck a bridge pier.

Goswick
Goswick
Goods train derailment 000000001953-10-28-000028 October 1953

1 'Glasgow to Colchester' Goods train was derailed at Goswick
Goswick
.

Connington South rail crash 000000001967-03-05-00005 March 1967 5 18 Express train was derailed.

Thirsk rail crash 000000001967-07-31-000031 July 1967 7 45 Cement train derailed and hit by North bound express hauled by prototype locomotive. DP2

Morpeth rail crash (1969) 000000001969-05-07-00007 May 1969 6 46 Excessive speed on curve.

Penmanshiel Tunnel collapse 000000001979-03-17-000017 March 1979 2

Two workers killed when the tunnel collapsed during engineering works.

Morpeth rail crash (1984) 000000001984-06-24-000024 June 1984

35 Excessive speed on curve.

Newcastle Central railway station collision 000000001989-11-30-000030 November 1989

15 Two InterCity expresses collided.

Morpeth rail crash (1992) 000000001992-11-13-000013 November 1992 1

Collision between two freight trains.

Morpeth rail crash (1994) 000000001994-06-27-000027 June 1994

1 Excessive speed led to the locomotive and the majority of carriages overturning.

Hatfield rail crash 000000002000-10-17-000017 October 2000 4 70 InterCity 225
InterCity 225
derailed due to a failure to replace a fractured rail. The accident highlighted poor management at Railtrack and led to its partial re-nationalisation.

Great Heck rail crash 000000002001-02-28-000028 February 2001 10 82 A Land Rover Defender swerved down an embankment off the M62 motorway into the path of a southbound GNER Intercity 225, which then was struck by a freight train led by a Class 66

Potters Bar rail crash (2002) 000000002002-05-10-000010 May 2002 7 70 Derailment caused by a badly maintained set of points. Resulted in the end of the use of external contractors for routine maintenance.

PASSENGER VOLUME

STATION USAGE

STATION NAME 2002–03 2004–05 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 2011–12 2012–13 2013–14 2014–15 2015–16 2016–17

EDINBURGH TO DONCASTER

Edinburgh
Edinburgh
Waverley 12,470,767 14,219,772 14,645,022 15,285,837 16,169,294 17,571,392 19,312,458 19,957,346

Musselburgh 161,121 170,852 193,386 202,895 306,185 385,274 389,240 364,690

Wallyford 90,351 110,686 126,719 135,819 159,949 209,260 227,874 221,772

Prestonpans 91,789 108,398 129,192 142,604 170,388 192,574 202,296 206,808

Longniddry 117,121 122,678 135,040 140,490 161,410 165,716 157,908 154,040

Drem 73,871 78,009 80,563 84,905 99,735 109,418 107,844 100,208

Dunbar 224,552 266,142 288,282 299,172 332,377 339,094 318,976 333,916

Berwick-upon-Tweed 331,108 378,727 395,000 380,555 391,772 405,828 419,454 454,568

Chathill 1,482 1,503 2,279 1,037 1,847 1,864 2,612 2,642

Alnmouth 86,436 134,902 165,049 172,170 181,912 197,222 192,380 214,230

Acklington 727 917 1,137 985 948 778 268 108

Widdrington 5,481 7,740 6,618 5,523 4,707 6,314 6,398 5,124

Pegswood 2,417 3,564 2,940 2,281 2,332 2,788 2,688 1,102

Morpeth 123,142 163,627 177,497 188,798 206,458 226,652 228,252 243,982

Cramlington 40,886 68,472 77,304 83,314 87,737 89,828 87,374 85,454

Manors 1,409 1,882 1,390 1,002 1,406 2,574 2,998 2,976

Newcastle Central 4,869,662 5,728,348 6,108,240 6,230,498 6,447,267 7,098,624 7,163,284 7,500,338

Chester-le-Street 86,686 126,033 151,486 160,799 192,519 186,930 197,398 205,572

Durham 1,359,425 1,649,935 1,739,801 1,774,271 1,858,078 1,996,852 2,051,432 2,180,044

Darlington
Darlington
1,509,282 1,795,683 1,906,131 2,013,516 2,099,480 2,184,436 2,164,428 2,209,274

Northallerton 293,137 380,622 413,038 453,459 488,647 531,676 544,070 556,990

Thirsk 124,877 142,359 147,333 148,260 161,474 173,944 174,826 189,288

York
York
4,985,396 5,795,978 6,148,333 6,363,387 6,534,388 6,802,004 6,855,682 7,173,016

LEEDS TO DONCASTER

Leeds
Leeds
11,285,693 14,733,503 16,059,517 17,356,732 18,121,572 22,421,732 21,978,372 24,491,616

Outwood 108,221 166,801 187,314 208,174 211,079 301,388 299,434 354,792

Wakefield
Wakefield
Westgate 1,451,587 1,760,373 1,846,988 1,877,981 1,610,947 2,017,854 1,866,320 2,148,410

Sandal and Agbrigg 86,415 97,328 107,190 118,718 123,387 162,448 158,610 180,046

Fitzwilliam 79,428 105,216 116,088 126,419 142,144 180,606 178,518 195,542

South Elmsall 209,839 253,244 265,547 281,906 304,642 353,696 351,194 351,140

Adwick 115,496 176,479 175,754 156,826 160,541 253,986 244,904 247,964

Bentley (South Yorkshire) 81,494 114,419 123,292 98,641 95,264 159,788 153,550 152,994

DONCASTER TO LONDON KING\'S CROSS

Doncaster 2,347,584 2,772,500 2,837,400 2,790,811 2,903,339 3,780,314 3,676,152 3,784,752

Retford 252,113 298,398 320,410 363,084 357,812 376,066 374,322 399,996

Newark North Gate 335,126 377,172 400,286 1,187,545 923,070 960,948 924,528 976,526

Grantham
Grantham
806,299 917,447 935,848 999,186 1,032,641 1,054,634 1,033,374 1,071,320

Peterborough
Peterborough
3,386,580 3,689,729 3,720,034 3,960,429 4,070,725 4,099,754 3,930,704 4,076,724

Huntingdon 1,277,164 1,360,288 1,373,378 1,448,338 1,564,270 1,592,696 1,542,100 1,629,780

St Neots 715,993 768,708 822,064 888,971 979,356 1,029,338 1,001,248 1,091,388

Sandy 344,127 391,673 400,416 424,161 449,698 446,186 424,906 444,122

Biggleswade 582,318 638,358 653,872 689,369 751,155 734,458 703,386 739,632

Arlesey 256,882 327,106 349,725 369,425 398,128 413,870 411,056 444,680

Hitchin 1,806,889 1,948,003 2,049,217 2,368,121 2,543,526 2,569,494 2,478,832 2,594,012

Stevenage 3,267,031 3,495,795 3,539,052 3,968,033 4,206,418 4,257,732 4,093,020 4,222,776

Knebworth 328,011 344,003 343,752 392,409 457,813 480,706 471,564 494,182

Welwyn North 368,789 406,270 395,304 428,164 455,322 468,312 454,296 485,856

Welwyn Garden City 1,717,434 2,002,197 2,020,502 2,322,204 2,502,240 2,522,398 2,385,014 2,431,948

Hatfield 1,130,146 1,407,219 1,429,839 1,642,091 1,768,214 1,904,588 1,836,546 1,928,032

Welham Green 114,701 125,769 120,413 134,934 147,553 153,116 145,220 160,884

Brookmans Park 136,394 143,537 150,325 167,346 185,759 198,784 191,500 203,654

Potters Bar 1,382,046 1,440,036 1,445,179 1,604,056 1,681,137 1,649,420 1,569,258 1,599,666

Hadley Wood 181,811 206,767 244,961 344,989 393,690 402,194 353,224 343,208

New Barnet 658,099 673,521 674,532 1,057,667 1,126,244 1,013,310 1,029,964 1,069,706

Oakleigh Park 571,227 601,453 623,602 993,003 993,011 909,208 917,232 952,304

New Southgate 291,538 291,290 299,461 476,100 550,758 498,252 512,446 553,174

Alexandra Palace 592,357 609,875 692,845 1,042,833 1,310,940 1,057,712 1,063,484 1,114,960

Hornsey 391,655 362,488 381,659 737,369 1,031,000 896,096 942,828 1,068,740

Harringay 387,794 328,145 317,815 775,050 1,102,321 901,968 963,282 1,039,098

Finsbury Park 3,006,865 5,021,634 5,041,828 5,875,109 5,545,881 5,492,164 6,566,019 7,337,297

London
London
Kings Cross 19,137,693 20,805,979 20,301,663 22,503,777 23,945,017 24,641,427 24,817,616 26,254,644

The annual passenger usage is based on sales of tickets in stated financial years from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. The statistics are for passengers arriving and departing from each station and cover twelve month periods that start in April. Please note that methodology may vary year on year.

East Coast train at London
London
King\'s Cross railway station

POPULAR CULTURE

The cuttings and tunnel entrances just north of King's Cross make a memorable smoky appearance in the 1955 Ealing comedy film The Ladykillers . Also during the 1950s, the line featured in the 1954 documentary short Elizabethan Express
Elizabethan Express
. Later, the 1971 British gangster film Get Carter features a journey from London
London
King\'s Cross to Newcastle in the opening credits . The motoring show Top Gear featured a race including LNER A1 60163 Tornado running up this line from London
London
to Edinburgh.

The route has been featured in several train simulator games. Trainz Simulator 2010 features the route between London
London
and York, Trainz Simulator 12 extends the route to Newcastle, and Trainz: A New Era brings it all the way to Edinburgh, allowing the entire 393-mile route to be driven. All three routes take place during the 1970s, around the time the InterCity 125
InterCity 125
was introduced. This is reinforced by instructions in the "HST Southbound Express" session not to move until the guard has locked the doors, since the trains did not have pneumatic locks initially; doing so will lead to an automatic failure. Other rolling stock includes Class 37s, Class 47s, and Class 105s, plus Mark 2 coaches. TS12's version added Class 55 Deltics and Class 313s, as well as additional pre-made, pre-scripted sessions.

King's Cross is also known as the starting point of the Hogwarts Express from the books and films in the Harry Potter series. Within the station concourse there is a tourist attraction of the Platform 9¾ sign and a luggage trolley partially embedded in the station wall with an owl cage and suitcases on it.

REFERENCES

* ^ A B "Route 5 - West Anglia" (PDF). Network Rail . Retrieved 22 May 2009. * ^ East Coast Main Line
East Coast Main Line
Rail Route Upgrading, United Kingdom * ^ Network Rail (31 March 2010). "Route Plans 2010: Route Plan G East Coast ">(PDF). p.5. Retrieved 1 August 2012. * ^ Govia Thameslink Railway
Railway
(21 May 2017). "Hertford Loop Time Table" (PDF). Retrieved 16 August 2017. * ^ A B Joy, David (1978). A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain - Volume 8: South and West Yorkshire. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. p. 304. ISBN 0 7153 7783 3 . * ^ " York
York
to Selby". Sustrans. Retrieved 27 June 2017. * ^ " Railway
Railway
Magazine". November 1965: 858. * ^ A B Barnett, Roger (June 1992). "British Rail\'s InterCity 125 and 225" (PDF). UCTC Working Paper No. 114. University of California Transportation Center; University of California, Berkeley
University of California, Berkeley
: 32. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 May 2008. Retrieved 27 May 2008. * ^ Testing the prototype HST in 1973 - Welcome to my testing site. Retrieved 22 September 2012. * ^ Heath, Don (August 1994). "Electrification of British Rail's East Coast Main Line". Paper No. 105. Proceedings of the Institute of Civil Engineers (Transportation): 232. * ^ Keating, Oliver. "The Inter-city 225". High Speed Rail. Retrieved 29 May 2008. * ^ "Your NEW Electric Railway, The Great Northern Suburban Electrification" (PDF). British Railways. 1973. Retrieved 18 March 2014. * ^ Semmens, P.W.B. (March 1991). Electrifying the East Coast Route: Making of Britain's First 140m.p.h. Railway. Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-0850599299 . * ^ A B C "Route Business Plan" (PDF). Network Rail. 2008. * ^ Millward, David (10 April 2006). "\'Phantom trains\' haunt drive to improve East Coast line". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 17 June 2008. * ^ "East Coast Capacity Review" (PDF). Network Rail. Network Rail. December 2010. p. 4. Retrieved 12 November 2015. * ^ "Misery line cheers up". BBC Track Record. November 1999. Retrieved 28 July 2009. * ^ A B C " East Coast Main Line
East Coast Main Line
2016 Capacity Review". Railway Development Society . February 2011. Retrieved 2 April 2014. * ^ "ECML Route Utilisation Strategy: Railfuture Response" (PDF). Railway
Railway
Development Society . 13 September 2007. Retrieved 28 July 2009. * ^ "Notification of proposed G1 network change" (PDF). Network Rail. Network Rail. Retrieved 8 November 2015. * ^ "On Track for £21 million Doncaster Rail Upgrade". Doncaster Star. 17 April 2015. Retrieved 8 November 2015. * ^ "ECML Route Utilisation Strategy" (PDF). Network Rail. pp. 66, 134. Retrieved 29 July 2009. * ^ Wolmar, Christian (2005). On the wrong line: How ideology and incompetence wrecked Britain's railways. London: Aurum. ISBN 978-1-85410-998-9 . * ^ "New services are just the ticket". BBC News. 13 October 2005. Retrieved 17 December 2007. * ^ "Trains get 6,000 more seats a day". BBC News. 21 May 2007. Retrieved 17 December 2007. * ^ A B C D E Pigott, Nick , ed. (March 2010). "Flyovers to go ahead at Hitchin, Ipswich, Shaftholme". The Railway
Railway
Magazine . London. 156 (1307): 9. ISSN 0033-8923 . * ^ "Faster trains and more services at York" (Press release). Network Rail. 3 January 2012. * ^ A B Broadbent, Steve (10 February 2010). "Moving Yorkshire Forward". Rail (637). Peterborough. p. 62. * ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rOZWyzAOTp8 * ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RhMR9lgsrjs * ^ http://www.networkrail.co.uk/news/2013/june/Passenger-services-start-using-Hitchin-flyover/ * ^ " Newcastle Central Station
Newcastle Central Station
in line for Rail Station of the Year award". 2015. * ^ " London
London
North Eastern Route" (PDF). Network Rail. Network rail. p. 7. Retrieved 12 November 2015. * ^ " East Midlands Route Utilisation Strategy Draft for Consultation" (PDF). Network Rail. 2009. * ^ " ERTMS
ERTMS
Deployment in the UK: Re-signalling as a Key Measure to Enhance Rail Operations" (PDF). ERTMS. 2012. * ^ " Network Rail backtracks on crossings closures". The Times. 2015. * ^ "Office of Rail and Road, Transcript of Track Access Applications, 12th June 2015" (PDF). ORR. 2015. * ^ Northumberland Railways - Goswick
Goswick
station Archived 16 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Railways Archive - Ministry report. * ^ "Chronology of rail crashes". BBC News. 10 May 2002. Retrieved 28 December 2009.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to EAST COAST MAIN LINE .

ROUTE MAP: Google

KML FILE (edit • help )

* Display on Google Maps

Template:Attached KML/ East Coast Main Line
East Coast Main Line
KML is from Wikidata

* v * t * e

Main inter-regional railway lines in Great Britain

* High Speed 1 * Cross Country Route * East Coast Main Line * Great Eastern Main Line * Great Western main line * Midland Main Line
Midland Main Line
* West Coast Main Line

* v * t * e

Railway
Railway
lines in the East of England

PRIMARY

NORTH–SOUTH

* East Coast Main Line
East Coast Main Line

* Hertford North * Stevenage * Peterborough
Peterborough

* Midland Main Line
Midland Main Line

* Luton Airport Parkway * Luton * Bedford

* West Coast Main Line

* Watford Junction

LONDON–NORWICH

* Great Eastern Main Line

* Shenfield * Chelmsford * Witham * Marks Tey * Colchester * Manningtree * Ipswich * Norwich

SECONDARY

* Hertford Loop Line
Hertford Loop Line
* Lea Valley lines * London, Tilbury and Southend Line * Thameslink * Watford DC line
Watford DC line

* West Anglia Main Line
West Anglia Main Line

* Cambridge
Cambridge

* West London
London
Route

OTHERS

* Abbey line * Birmingham–Peterborough line
Birmingham–Peterborough line
* Bittern Line * Braintree branch line * Breckland line * Crouch Valley line * East Suffolk line
East Suffolk line
* Ely–Peterborough line * Felixstowe branch line * Fen line * Gainsborough line
Gainsborough line
* Hertford East branch line * Hitchin– Cambridge line * Ipswich–Ely line * Marston Vale line
Marston Vale line
* Mayflower line
Mayflower line
* Peterborough–Lincoln line
Peterborough–Lincoln line
* Shenfield–Southend line * Sunshine Coast Line
Sunshine Coast Line
* Wherry Lines

HERITAGE

* Colne Valley Railway
Railway
* Epping Ongar Railway
Railway
* Lincolnshire Wolds Railway
Railway
* Mid-Norfolk Railway
Railway
* North Norfolk Railway
Railway
* Mangapps Farm Railway
Railway
* Mid-Suffolk Light Railway
Railway

* v * t * e

Railway
Railway
lines in the East Midlands

PRIMARY

* Chiltern Main Line * Cross Country Route * East Coast Main Line * Midland Main Line
Midland Main Line
* West Coast Main Line

LOCAL

* Birmingham–Peterborough line
Birmingham–Peterborough line
* Buxton line * Crewe–Derby line
Crewe–Derby line
* Derwent Valley line
Derwent Valley line
* Doncaster–Lincoln line * Glossop line * Ivanhoe line
Ivanhoe line
* Northampton loop
Northampton loop
* Nottingham–Grantham line * Nottingham–Lincoln line * Oakham–Kettering line * Poacher Line * Robin Hood Line
Robin Hood Line
* Sheffield–Lincoln line
Sheffield–Lincoln line
* South Humberside Main Line

FREIGHT ONLY

* Leicester–Burton upon Trent line
Leicester–Burton upon Trent line
* Shirebrook to High Marnham

HERITAGE

* Battlefield Line Railway
Railway
* Chasewater Railway
Railway
* Churnet Valley Railway
Railway
* Ecclesbourne Valley Railway
Railway
* Foxfield Railway
Railway
* Great Central Railway
Railway
(Leicester) * Great Central Railway
Railway
(Nottingham) * Lincolnshire Wolds Railway
Railway
* Midland Railway
Railway
– Butterley * Nene Valley Railway
Nene Valley Railway
* Northampton and Lamport Railway
Railway
* Peak Rail
Peak Rail
* Rushden, Higham ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Railway
Railway
lines in London
London

MAIN LINES

PRIMARY

* High Speed 1 * East Coast Main Line * Great Eastern Main Line * Great Western Main Line * Midland Main Line
Midland Main Line
* West Coast Main Line

SECONDARY

* Chatham main line * Chiltern Main Line * Crossrail (under construction) * South Eastern main line * South Western main line * West Anglia Main Line
West Anglia Main Line
* West London
London
Route * Thameslink * London, Tilbury and Southend Line

BRANCH

REGIONAL

* Aylesbury Line * Bexleyheath line
Bexleyheath line
* Caterham line * Dartford Loop Line * Epsom Downs Branch * Hampton Court branch line * Hertford Loop Line
Hertford Loop Line
* Lea Valley lines * North Kent Line * Oxted line * Shepperton branch line
Shepperton branch line
* Staines–Windsor line * Sutton and Mole Valley lines * Tattenham Corner line * Watford DC line
Watford DC line

INTRA-LONDON

* Acton–Northolt line * Bromley North Line * Catford Loop Line * Chessington branch line
Chessington branch line
* Chingford branch line * Crystal Palace line
Crystal Palace line
* Dudding Hill Line * East London
London
Line * Gospel Oak to Barking line
Gospel Oak to Barking line
* Greenford branch line * Greenwich line * Hayes line * Hounslow Loop Line * Kingston loop line
Kingston loop line
* North London line
North London line
* Northern City Line * Nunhead to Lewisham Link * Romford–Upminster line * South London
London
line * West London
London
Line

DISUSED

* Addiscombe Line
Addiscombe Line
* City Widened Lines * Croxley Green Line * Crystal Palace High Level branch line * Greenwich Park branch line * North London
London
Line (City Branch) * Palace Gates Line * Staines & West Drayton Line * Uxbridge (Vine Street) branch line * Watford to Rickmansworth Line * West Croydon to Wimbledon Line * Woodside ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Railway
Railway
lines in the North East

PRIMARY TO LONDON

* East Coast Main Line

OTHERS

* Durham Coast Line
Durham Coast Line
* Esk Valley line * Tyne Valley line
Tyne Valley line
* Northallerton–Eaglescliffe line * Tees Valley line

HERITAGE

* Aln Valley Railway
Railway
* Bowes Railway
Railway
* North Tyneside Steam Railway
Railway
* Tanfield Railway
Railway
* Weardale Railway
Railway

* v * t * e

Railway
Railway
lines in Yorkshire and the Humber

PRIMARY

TO LONDON

* East Coast Main Line * Midland Main Line
Midland Main Line

TO EXETER

* Cross Country Route

OTHERS

INTER-REGIONAL

* Hallam Line
Hallam Line
* Hope Valley line
Hope Valley line
* Leeds–Morecambe line * Doncaster–Lincoln line * Sheffield–Lincoln line
Sheffield–Lincoln line
* Settle–Carlisle line

INTRA-REGIONAL

* Airedale line
Airedale line
* Askern branch line * Barton line * Calder Valley line * Dearne Valley line * Esk Valley line * Harrogate line * Huddersfield line
Huddersfield line
* Hull–Scarborough * Leeds–Bradford lines * Leeds– Northallerton Railway
Railway
* Northallerton–Eaglescliffe line * Penistone Line
Penistone Line
* Pontefract line * Selby Diversion * Selby Line * South Humberside Main Line * Swinton– Doncaster * Wakefield line
Wakefield line
* Wharfedale line
Wharfedale line
* York–Scarborough

DEFUNCT

* Barnsley– Doncaster * Bradford–Leeds border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Derwent Valley Light Railway
Railway
* Elsecar Heritage Railway
Railway
* Embsay and Bolton Abbey Steam Railway
Railway
* Keighley border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Kirklees Light Railway
Railway
* Nidd Valley Light Railway
Railway
* North Holderness Light Railway
Railway
* Sand Hutton Light Railway
Railway

* v * t * e

Railway
Railway
lines in Scotland
Scotland

CROSS-BORDER LINES AND SERVICES

* East Coast Main Line
East Coast Main Line

* CrossCountry
CrossCountry
* Virgin Trains East Coast

* West Coast Main Line

* Caledonian Sleeper * TransPennine Express * Virgin Trains

* Glasgow South Western Line
Glasgow South Western Line

* Abellio ScotRail

SCOTRAIL INTERCITY LINES

* Glasgow– Edinburgh
Edinburgh
(via Falkirk) * Edinburgh–Aberdeen * Glasgow–Aberdeen * Highland * Aberdeen–Inverness

GLASGOW COMMUTER LINES

* Argyle * Ayrshire Coast * Carstairs * Cathcart Circle * Croy (and Alloa) * Cumbernauld (and Falkirk) * Inverclyde * Maryhill * Motherwell–Cumbernauld * North Clyde * Paisley Canal * Shotts * South Western * Whifflet

EDINBURGH COMMUTER LINES

* Borders * Carstairs * Dunblane * Fife Circle * North Berwick * North Clyde * Shotts

RURAL LINES AND GREAT SCENIC RAILWAYS

* Borders Railway * Far North * Glasgow South Western * Kyle of Lochalsh * West Highland

CURRENT PROJECTS

* Edinburgh
Edinburgh
to Glasgow Improvement Programme

COMPLETED PROJECTS

* Airdrie–Bathgate * Stirling–Alloa–Kincardine rail link * Borders Railway

HERITAGE RAILWAYS

* Bo\'ness and Kinneil Railway
Railway
* Caledonian Railway
Railway
(Brechin) * Keith and Dufftown Railway
Railway
* Royal Deeside Railway
Railway
* Strathspey Railway
Railway

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