EAST ASIA is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural terms. Geographically and geopolitically, it includes China (including Hong Kong and Macau), Mongolia, Korea (North and South), Japan and Taiwan; it covers about 12,000,000 km2 (4,600,000 sq mi), or about 28% of the Asian continent .
The East Asian people comprise more than 1.5 billion people. About 38% of the population of Asia and 22%, or over one fifth, of all the people in the world live in East Asia. Although the coastal and riparian areas of the region form one of the world's most populated places, the population in Mongolia and Western China , both landlocked areas, is very sparsely distributed, with Mongolia having the lowest population density of a sovereign state . The overall population density of the region is 133 inhabitants per square kilometre (340/sq mi), about three times the world average of 45/km2 (120/sq mi).
Historically, societies in East Asia have been part of the Chinese cultural sphere , and East Asian vocabulary and scripts are often derived from Classical Chinese and Chinese script . Major religions include Buddhism (mostly Mahayana ), Confucianism or Neo-Confucianism , Taoism , Chinese folk religion in China and Taiwan , Shinto in Japan , Korean shamanism in Korea . Shamanism is also prevalent among Mongolians and other indigenous populations of northern East Asia such as Manchus, Ewenki，even large Han in this area. Islam is popular in Northwest China and Kazaks in Mongolia .The Chinese calendar is the root from which many other East Asian calendars are derived.
* 1 History
* 2.1 Alternative definitions
* 3 Economy
* 4 Territory and region data
* 4.1 Demographics * 4.2 Major ethnic groups
* 5 Culture
* 5.1 Overview * 5.2 Religions * 5.3 Festivals
* 6 Collaboration
* 6.1 East Asian Youth Games * 6.2 Free trade agreements * 6.3 Military alliances
* 7 Major cities and towns * 8 See also * 9 Notes * 10 References * 11 External links
The Chinese Dynasties dominated this region culturally and militarily for a lengthy period of time. Cultural and religious exchange between the Chinese and other regional Dynasties and Kingdoms occurred.
As connections with the Western world strengthened, China's power began to diminish. Around the same time, Japan solidified itself as a nation state. During World War II, Korea , Taiwan , much of eastern China, Hong Kong , and Vietnam all fell under Japanese control. Following Japan's defeat in the war, the Korean peninsula became independent but then it was divided into two rival states , while Taiwan became the main territory of de facto state Republic of China after the latter lost mainland China to the People\'s Republic of China in the Chinese Civil War .
UNITED NATIONS STATISTICS DIVISION
East Asia map of Köppen climate classification. UNSD geoscheme for Asia based on statistic convenience rather than implying any assumption regarding political or other affiliation of countries or territories: North Asia Central Asia Western Asia South Asia EAST ASIA Southeast Asia
The UNSD definition of East Asia is based on statistical convenience, but also other common definitions of East Asia contain the entirety of China (including Mainland China , Hong Kong , Macau ) Mongolia , North Korea , South Korea , Japan and Taiwan .
* Vietnam (officially part of Southeast Asia geographically, although culturally it is a part of the East Asian cultural sphere , politically, it is related to both Southeast Asia and East Asia) * Siberia in Russia (often described as North Asia due to its location, although this part of Russia is often seen as more closely related to its East Asian neighbours) * Sovereignty issues exist over some territories in the South China Sea .
In business and economics, " East Asia" is sometimes used to refer to a wide geographical area covering ten Southeast Asian countries in ASEAN , People\'s Republic of China , Taiwan , Japan and South Korea . However, in this context, the term "Far East" is often more appropriate which covers ASEAN countries and the countries in East Asia. However, being a Eurocentric term, Far East describes the region's geographical position in relation to Europe rather than its location within Asia. Alternatively, the term " Asia Pacific Region " is often used in describing East Asia, Southeast Asia as well as Oceania .
Observers preferring a broader definition of " East Asia" often use the term Northeast Asia to refer to the greater China area, Taiwan, the Korean Peninsula, and Japan, with Southeast Asia covering the ten ASEAN countries. This usage, which is seen in economic and diplomatic discussions, is at odds with the historical meanings of both "East Asia" and "Northeast Asia". The Council on Foreign Relations defines Northeast Asia as Japan and Korea .
The economy of East Asia is one of the most successful, developed and high-tech economies of the world, being home to some of the world's largest, most technologically advanced and most prosperous economies such as the industrialized developed countries of South Korea , Taiwan , and Japan . The military and economic superpower of China became the largest economy in the world in 2014 in terms of GDP at PPP , surpassing the United States of America . Major positive factors have ranged from favorable political-legal environments for industry and commerce, through abundant natural resources of various kinds, to plentiful supplies of relatively low-cost, skilled and adaptable labor.
In modern societies, a high level of structural differentiation, functional specialization, and autonomy of the economic system from government is a major contributor to industrial-commercial growth and prosperity. Currently in East Asia, trading systems are relatively open; and zero or low duties on imports of consumer and capital goods etc. have considerably helped stimulate cost-efficiency and change. Free and flexible labor and other markets are other important factors making for high levels of business-economic performance. East Asian populations have demonstrated highly positive work ethics. There are relatively large and fast-growing markets for consumer goods and services of all kinds.
_ China 17,100.063 12,117 28,920.974 20,493
Hong Kong_ 405.781 53,813 525.547 69,695
_ Macau _ 55.502 91,376 80.765 142,599
Japan 4,746.880 38,174 5,512.220 44,329
Republic of China (Taiwan) 650.902 27,350 1,413.195 59,381
North Korea 25.000 1,000 40.000 1,800
South Korea 1,898.763 36,749 2,408.301 46,611
Mongolia 17.871 5,586 53.003 16,569
TERRITORY AND REGION DATA
STATE/TERRITORY OFFICIAL NAME NATIVE NAME AREA KM2 POPULATION Population density per km2 HDI CAPITAL
MAJOR ETHNIC GROUPS
ETHNICITY RACE NATIVE NAME POPULATION MOTHER TONGUES (NO SECOND LANGUAGE LISTED) NATIVE WRITING LANGUAGES MAJOR STATES/TERRITORIES* APPEARANCE
Manchus Mongoloid 满族/ᠮᠠᠨᠵᡠ 10,422,873 Northeastern Mandarin , Manchurian (endangered), etc. Simplified Han characters, Mongol script
Hui Mongoloid 回族/回回 10,586,087 Northwestern Mandarin ,other Chinese Dialects，Huihui language etc. Simplified Han characters
Uyghurs Caucasoid +Mongoloid ئۇيغۇر 10,069,346 Uyghur Arabic script ，Latin script(auxiliary)
Hmong Mongoloid Ghaob Xongb/Hmub/Mongb 9,426,007 Hmong,Southwestern Mandarin Latin script, Simplified Han characters
Tibetans Mongoloid བོད་པ་ 6,500,000 Tibetan, Rgyal Rong, Rgu, etc. Tibetan script
Baipho/Bai Mongoloid 白族 1,858,063 Bai , Southwestern Mandarin Latin script, Simplified Han characters
LôLô/Yi Mongoloid ꆈꌠ/彝族 8,714,393 Various Loloish ,Southwestern Mandarin Yi script , Simplified Han characters
Tujia Mongoloid 土家族 8,353,912 Northern Tujia, Southern Tujia Simplified Han characters
Kam Mongoloid Gaeml 2,879,974 Gaeml Latin script
Tu Mongoloid 土族/Monguor 289,565 Tu , Northwestern Mandarin Simplified Han characters
Daur Mongoloid 达斡尔族/ᠳᠠᠭᠤᠷ 131,992 Daur , Northeastern Mandarin Mongol script, Simplified Han characters
Russians Caucasoid русские 15,393 Russian,Northwestern Mandarin Cyrillic script, Simplified Han characters
Mountain Tajiks Caucasoid تاجيک 3,556 Sarikoli , Wakhi Arabic script
Austronesian Mongoloid Pangcah, etc. 533,600 Austronesian languages (Amis , Yami ), etc Latin script, Traditional Han characters
*NOTE: THE ORDER OF STATES/TERRITORIES FOLLOWS THE POPULATION RANKING OF EACH ETHNICITY, WITHIN EAST ASIA ONLY.
Main article: East Asian cultural sphere
The culture of East Asia has been influenced by the civilisation of China. East Asia, as well as Vietnam, share a Confucian ethical philosophy, Buddhism, political and legal structures, and historically a common writing system. The relationship between China and East Asia has been compared to the historical influence of Greco-Roman civilisation on Europe.
RELIGION NATIVE NAME DENOMINATION MAJOR BOOK TYPE EST. FOLLOWERS MAJOR ETHNICITIES MAJOR STATES/TERRITORIES
Taoism 道教 Zhengyi, Quanzhen Tao Te Ching Polytheism 303,320,000 Han, Zhuang, Hmong, Yao, Qiang, Tujia, Li _
Confucianism 儒教 Cheng-Zhu, Lu-Wang Analects Polytheism 6,300,000 Han, Joseon, Yamato etc.
Sino-Buddhism 汉传佛教 Mahayana, Hinayana Diamond Sutra Non-God 250,000,000 Han, Joseon, Yamato, Manchus etc.
Tibetan Buddhism བོད་བརྒྱུད་ནང་བསྟན། Mahayana anuttarayoga Tantra Non-God 5,000,000 Tibetan, Manchus, Mongols, Han etc.
Shamanism N/A N/A N/A Primitive 50,000 Tibetan, Manchus, Mongols, Oroqen, Han etc.
Shinto 神道 N/A N/A Primitive 2,700,000 Yamato
Islam الإسلام Sunni,Shia Koran Henotheism 24,690,000 Hui, Tajik, Uyghurs, Kazak, Dongxiang etc.
FESTIVAL OTHER NAME CALENDAR DATE GREGORIAN DATE ACTIVITY RELIGIOUS PRACTICES FOOD MAJOR ETHNICITIES MAJOR STATES/TERRITORIES
New Year Yuan Dan Gregorian 1 Jan 1 Jan Fireworks N/A N/A N/A
Dragon Boat Festival
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Play media Pass of the ISS over Mongolia , looking out west towards the Pacific Ocean , China , and Japan . As the video progresses, you can see major cities along the coast and the Japanese islands on the Philippine Sea . The island of Guam can be seen further down the pass into the Philippine Sea, and the pass ends just to the east of New Zealand . A lightning storm can be seen as light pulses near the end of the video.
* Economy of East Asia * East Asia Summit * East Asian Community * East Asian cultural sphere * East Asian Games * East Asian languages * East Asian people * East Asian studies * Four Asian Tigers * China–Japan– South Korea trilateral summit * Chinese calligraphy * Japanese calligraphy * Korean calligraphy * Mongolian calligraphy
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