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Dudley
Dudley
(/ˈdʌdli/ ( listen)) is a large town in the West Midlands of England, 6 miles (9.7 km) south-east of Wolverhampton and 10.5 miles (16.9 km) north-west of Birmingham. The town is the administrative centre of the Metropolitan Borough of Dudley
Metropolitan Borough of Dudley
and in 2011 had a population of 79,379. The Metropolitan Borough, which includes the towns of Stourbridge
Stourbridge
and Halesowen, had a population of 312,900. Dudley
Dudley
is sometimes called the capital of the Black Country.[2][3][4] Originally a market town, Dudley
Dudley
was one of the birthplaces of the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
and grew into an industrial centre in the 19th century with its iron, coal, and limestone industries before their decline and the relocation of its commercial centre to the nearby Merry Hill Shopping Centre
Merry Hill Shopping Centre
in the 1980s. Tourist attractions include Dudley Zoo
Dudley Zoo
and Castle, the 12th century priory ruins, and the Black Country Living Museum.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early history 1.2 Early modern and Industrial Revolution 1.3 Modern day

2 Government

2.1 Local government 2.2 National government

3 Landmarks 4 Culture

4.1 Entertainment 4.2 Museums and galleries

5 Transport

5.1 Rail 5.2 Bus 5.3 Road 5.4 Air 5.5 Tram

6 Geography

6.1 Geology 6.2 Localities

7 Demography

7.1 Ethnic unrest

8 Education

8.1 Primary education 8.2 Secondary education 8.3 Special
Special
schools 8.4 Defunct schools 8.5 Further education

9 Public services

9.1 Libraries 9.2 Medical 9.3 Emergency services

10 Religion

10.1 Proposed mosque

11 Media 12 Economy

12.1 Retail 12.2 Industry

13 Notable people

13.1 early times to 1800 13.2 1800 to 1900 13.3 1900 to 1950 13.4 1950 to modern times 13.5 Sport up to 1950 13.6 Sport from 1950

14 In popular culture 15 Sport

15.1 Association football 15.2 Rugby football 15.3 Motor sports 15.4 Volleyball

16 Twin towns 17 References 18 External links

History[edit] Early history[edit]

Dudley
Dudley
Castle

Dudley
Dudley
has a history dating back to Anglo-Saxon times,[5] its name deriving from the Old English
Old English
Duddan Leah, meaning Dudda's clearing, and one of its churches being named in honour of the Anglo-Saxon King and Saint, Edmund. Mentioned in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
as Dudelei,[6] in the hundred of Clent in Worcestershire,[7] the town was listed as being a medium-sized manor in the possession of Earl Edwin of Mercia prior to the Norman Conquest, with William Fitz-Ansculf
William Fitz-Ansculf
as Lord of the Manor in 1086.[8] Dudley
Dudley
Castle, constructed in 1070 by William's father Ansculf de Picquigny[9] after his acquisition of the town, served as the seat of the extensive Barony of Dudley, which possessed estates in eleven different counties across England.[10] Of historical significance, the town was attacked by King Stephen in 1138, after a failed siege of the castle following the Baron's decision to support Empress Matilda's claim to the throne during The Anarchy.[11]

Dudley
Dudley
in the Domesday Book

The castle provided the centre from which the town and borough grew, with early coal and iron workings helping establish Dudley
Dudley
as a major market town during the Middle Ages, selling not only agricultural produce, but also iron goods at a national level.[12] Working iron and mining for coal was in practice as early as the 13th century. The first mention of Dudley's status as a borough dates from the mid-13th century, when Roger de Somery, then Baron of Dudley, approved of the establishment of a market in nearby Wolverhampton. An inquisition after his death further established the value and importance of the borough, with mentions to the town's growing coal industry.[6][10]

Early modern and Industrial Revolution[edit]

1814 map showing Dudley
Dudley
as an exclave of Worcestershire.

By the early 16th century the Dudley
Dudley
estate, now held by the Sutton family, had become severely in debt and was first mortgaged to distant relative John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, before being sold outright in 1535.[10] Following Dudley's death, the estate returned to the Sutton family, during which time the town was visited by Queen Elizabeth during a tour of England.[11] In 1605, conspirators of the Gunpowder Plot
Gunpowder Plot
fled to Holbeche House
Holbeche House
in nearby Wall Heath, where they were defeated and captured by the forces of the Sheriff of Worcestershire.[13] During the English Civil War
English Civil War
Dudley
Dudley
served as a Royalist stronghold, with the castle besieged twice by the Parliamentarians and later partly demolished on the orders of the Government after the Royalist surrender.[11][14] It is also from around this time that the oldest excavated condoms, found in the remains of Dudley
Dudley
Castle, were believed to have originated.[15][16] Dudley
Dudley
had become an incredibly[citation needed] impoverished place during the 16th and 17th centuries, but the advent of the Industrial Revolution began to reverse this trend. In the early 17th century, Dud Dudley, an illegitimate son of Edward Sutton, 5th Baron Dudley
Edward Sutton, 5th Baron Dudley
and Elizabeth Tomlinson,[17] devised a method of smelting Iron ore
Iron ore
using coke at his father's works in Cradley and Pensnett
Pensnett
Chase, though his trade was unsuccessful due to circumstances of the time.[18] Abraham Darby was descended from Dud Dudley's sister, Jane, and was the first person to produce iron commercially using coke instead of charcoal at his works in Coalbrookdale, Shropshire
Shropshire
in 1709. Abraham Darby was born near Wrens Nest Hill near the town of Dudley
Dudley
and it is claimed that he may have known about Dud Dudley's earlier work.[17] Dud Dudley's discovery, together with improvements to the local road network and the construction of the Dudley
Dudley
Canal, made Dudley
Dudley
into an important industrial and commercial centre.[10] The first Newcomen steam engine, used to pump water from the mines of the Lord Dudley's estates, was installed at the Conygree coal works a mile east of Dudley Castle
Dudley Castle
in 1712,[19] though this is challenged by Wolverhampton, which also claims to have been the location of the first working Newcomen engine.[20] Dudley's population grew dramatically during the 18th and 19th centuries because of the increase in industry, with the main industries including coal and limestone mining.[21] Other industries included iron, steel, engineering, metallurgy, glass cutting, textiles and leatherworking. During this time living conditions remained incredibly poor, with Dudley
Dudley
being named 'the most unhealthy place in the country',[22] which led to the installation of clean water supplies and sewage systems, and later the extensive development of council housing during the early 20th century to relocate the occupants of local slum housing. Following the Reform Act of 1832, Dudley
Dudley
returned one Member of Parliament, a privilege first enacted in the Parliament of 1295.[6][10] The town was re-incorporated as a Municipal Borough in 1865, later becoming a County Borough
County Borough
in 1889.[23] Modern day[edit]

Dudley
Dudley
Art Deco Cinema, now a Jehovah's Witness Kingdom Hall

Dudley
Dudley
was developed substantially in the early 20th century, with the construction of many entertainment venues including a theatre and cinemas, with two indoor shopping centres being added later in the century. Dudley
Dudley
Castle, which had fallen into ruin following a fire in 1750, was converted into a zoo in 1937 by the Earl of Dudley, with buildings designed by architect Berthold Lubetkin. A reported 250,000 people attempted to visit the site upon the first day of opening.[24] In World War II, Dudley
Dudley
was bombed on several occasions. On 19 November 1940 a Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
bomb demolished a public house in the town centre and damaged several nearby buildings including St Thomas's Church and the new Co-Operative department store, but there were no fatalities. However, on the same night a landmine was dropped in the Oakham area of the town and demolished a section of council houses in City Road, resulting in the deaths of 10 people and injuring many others. On 12 August 1941, four people were killed when another landmine was dropped in nearby Birch Crescent. These were the only fatal air raids on Dudley. Following local government reforms in 1966, Dudley
Dudley
was expanded to include the majority of the former urban districts of Brierley Hill and Sedgley, along with parts of Coseley, Amblecote
Amblecote
and Rowley Regis; an area in the eastern section of the town was also transferred into the new borough of Warley.[23] Most of this land had been held by the Lords of Dudley, and contained within the Dudley
Dudley
registration district and parliamentary borough.[10][25][26][27] In 1974, further reorganization led to the creation of the present-day metropolitan borough, which included the nearby towns of Stourbridge
Stourbridge
and Halesowen.[28] The declining industry in Dudley
Dudley
has given rise to high unemployment, resulting in the closure of many businesses in the town. The development of the Merry Hill Shopping Centre
Merry Hill Shopping Centre
between 1985 and 1990 also saw the loss of most of the town centre's leading name stores, which relocated to take advantage of the tax incentives offered by Merry Hill's status as an Enterprise Zone. The financial crisis and recession resulted in even more of the retail units in the town centre becoming vacant, with the Woolworths store on Market Place closing in December 2008 when the company went bankrupt,[29] and Beatties
Beatties
closing its store – the last department store in the town – in January 2010,[30] after more than 40 years due to falling trade. Government[edit] See also: County Borough
County Borough
of Dudley
Dudley
and Evolution of Worcestershire county boundaries

Dudley
Dudley
Council House, seat of Dudley Metropolitan Borough
Dudley Metropolitan Borough
Council

Local government[edit] Dudley
Dudley
is the administrative centre of the Dudley
Dudley
Metropolitan Borough, and is governed by the Dudley Metropolitan Borough
Dudley Metropolitan Borough
Council. The metropolitan borough, which also includes the towns of Stourbridge, Halesowen
Halesowen
and Brierley Hill
Brierley Hill
has a population of 312,925. For many years the town (but not the castle, which was outside the boundary in Staffordshire)[31] formed part of an exclave of the county of Worcestershire.[32] Despite the more recent changes in county boundaries, the town and borough still remain part of the Anglican Diocese of Worcester. The town had been a manorial borough from the end of the 13th century, and from at least the 16th century until the passing of the Dudley Town Act of 1791,[33] was governed by the Court Leet of the Lords of Dudley. From 1791, the Town Commissioners were the main local authority although the Court Leet continued to meet until 1866. In 1836 the Dudley
Dudley
Poor Law Union was formed, consisting of Dudley itself, and the parishes of Sedgley, Tipton, and Rowley Regis.[34] In 1853 the Town Commissioners were superseded by the Board of Health, before the town was eventually incorporated into a municipal borough in 1865. It became a county borough in 1888 under the Local Government Act.[35] Dudley's Council House in Priory Road was opened in 1935 by King George V, and was financed by the then Earl of Dudley, William Humble Eric Ward,[36] to replace the original building from 1870. The present Town Hall opened on St James's Road in 1928; it stands next to council offices which were converted from the old Police Station in 1939, after the construction of a new building on nearby New Street.[37] In 2012 the Dudley Metropolitan Borough
Dudley Metropolitan Borough
made an unsuccessful bid to receive city status, losing out to Chelmsford, Perth, and St. Asaph.[38] National government[edit] Dudley
Dudley
presently has two parliamentary constituencies, Dudley
Dudley
North and Dudley
Dudley
South, which cover the town and its surrounding area. The current MPs elected from these seats to the House of Commons are Labour's Ian Austin, and the Conservative Mike Wood, respectively.[39][40] In October 2017, revised government proposals to constituency boundaries were revealed, which would reduce Dudley
Dudley
to just one constituency. The town itself would be divided between multiple constituencies, including ones predominantly based in neighbouring council areas such as Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
and Sandwell.[41] Landmarks[edit]

Dudley
Dudley
Zoo

The 13th century ruins of Dudley Castle
Dudley Castle
overlook the town, and is a Grade I listed structure. Dudley Zoo
Dudley Zoo
is built into the castle grounds, and houses a large collection of endangered species, and also the largest collection of Tecton buildings in the world.[42][43] Under proposals by Dudley
Dudley
Zoo, in partnership with Dudley
Dudley
Council, St. Modwen, and Advantage West Midlands, the zoo is to be regenerated, which will see a former freightliner site redeveloped with a tropical dome, Asiatic forest, two aquatic facilities and walkthrough aviaries. It is expected to cost £38.7 million.[44] There are many canals in and around Dudley, the main one being the Dudley
Dudley
Canal – most of which passes beneath the town in the Dudley Tunnel
Dudley Tunnel
and is accessible only by boat because there is no towpath. The open sections of canal are popular with walkers, cyclists, fishermen, and narrowboat users.[45] Many of the canalside towpaths have been upgraded for cycling, and some sections are part of the National Cycle Network.

The ruins of Dudley
Dudley
Priory

St James's Church at Eve Hill
Eve Hill
had a church school from the mid-19th century, but this was closed during the 1970s and was used as a community centre for several years before being transferred to the Black Country
Black Country
Museum in 1989. The site of the school remained undeveloped until 2008, when work began on a new health centre. There are 11 scheduled ancient monuments in Dudley
Dudley
and the surrounding district,[46] and 260 listed buildings,[47] including 6 Grade I listed and 19 Grade II* listed buildings.[48][49]

Culture[edit]

Empty building of the former Hippodrome theatre

Entertainment[edit] Dudley
Dudley
is home to a multiplex Showcase Cinema
Showcase Cinema
and Tenpin bowling alley, located in the Castle Gate complex north-east of the town centre. The town was formerly home to a number of cinemas and theatres, including the Criterion, Gaumont, Odeon, and Plaza. The Hippodrome theatre was one of the largest and most modern in the West Midlands, built along with the adjacent Plaza Cinema just before the Second World War in 1938. The 1,700-seat Hippodrome had many Art Deco features and was built on the site of the Dudley
Dudley
Opera House, which burned down in 1936, and after its closure in 1964 was in use as a bingo hall until 2009. Dudley
Dudley
Council had initially planned to demolish the theatre as part of regeneration efforts, but after a long public campaign the building was leased to campaigners in December 2016, with the intent to restore it to theatre use.[50] The Plaza Cinema remained open until October 1990. The building was then taken over by Laser Quest, until its closure and demolition in 1997. As of January 2017 the site remains undeveloped. The Odeon Cinema was converted into a Kingdom Hall
Kingdom Hall
for Jehovah's Witnesses in 1976. A present-day Odeon currently exists at the Merry Hill Shopping Centre. Until 2011, the JB's nightclub was situated on Castle Hill, after relocating from an earlier site in the 1990s. Claimed to have been the longest-running live music venue in the UK, the club hosted early performances by acts such as U2, Dire Straits, and Judas Priest. It closed after going into administration and has since reopened as a banqueting centre. Museums and galleries[edit]

Black Country
Black Country
Living Museum

The museums in Dudley
Dudley
celebrate the geological and industrial heritage of the town and the surrounding Black Country
Black Country
region, and its role in the Industrial Revolution. The Black Country
Black Country
Living Museum is an open-air living museum, which consists of reconstructed buildings from the surrounding area forming a living replica of an industrial village, with demonstrators portraying life in the region from that time. The Dudley Museum and Art Gallery was formerly located in the town centre, having first opened in 1912, but was closed by Dudley
Dudley
Council in 2016 as part of cost-cutting measures, despite widespread public opposition. Some exhibits are planned to be moved to the Dudley Archives Centre in 2017.[51] Transport[edit] Rail[edit]

View southward, towards Dudley Tunnel
Dudley Tunnel
and Stourbridge
Stourbridge
Junction in 1951.

According to ONS, there are two railway stations in Dudley, but are all at least a mile outside Dudley
Dudley
town centre, these are Old Hill railway station and Cradley Heath
Cradley Heath
railway station.[52] These are however within the town of Dudley
Dudley
but outside the surrounding borough as parts of Sandwell
Sandwell
are considered within Dudley
Dudley
Town.[53] The nearest station to the town within the Dudley
Dudley
borough is Coseley, and is served by local services operated by London
London
Midland. The nearest regular intercity services run from the Sandwell
Sandwell
and Dudley
Dudley
railway station in Oldbury, which was rebuilt in 1984 to serve the two boroughs.[54] The Dudley railway station
Dudley railway station
located in the town centre was closed under the Beeching Axe
Beeching Axe
in 1964. It opened in 1860[55] on the junction between the South Staffordshire
Staffordshire
and the Oxford, Worcester
Worcester
and Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
lines, and in its heyday was a hub of services east to Birmingham
Birmingham
(via a junction at Great Bridge), Walsall
Walsall
and Lichfield; north to Wolverhampton, Tipton
Tipton
and Coseley; and south-west to Stourbridge, as well as a line that served the small communities on the way to Old Hill
Old Hill
and Halesowen. The site was later used as a Freightliner terminal by Freightliner UK, until an unpopular closure on 26 September 1989.[56] A proposal to re-open the segment of line between Dudley
Dudley
and Dudley Port was unveiled in December 2014, to allow for a light rail link from the town centre to the main line,[57] but this plan was scrapped in May 2016 as Dudley
Dudley
Council favoured keeping the line available for the proposed Midland Metro
Midland Metro
extension to Brierley Hill
Brierley Hill
instead and shared heavy rail freight traffic to Walsall
Walsall
and Stourbridge.[58] Bus[edit]

Dudley
Dudley
bus station

Dudley
Dudley
bus station is in the town centre and has many connections to surrounding towns, cities, and communities, including Birmingham, Halesowen, Smethwick, Stourbridge, Walsall, West Bromwich, and Wolverhampton, amongst others. The bus station also has coach services run by National Express, mostly to and from London
London
or Wolverhampton. Other places served include holiday destination Blackpool, and London Heathrow and London
London
Gatwick Airports. There are also small bus stations located at Russells Hall Hospital
Russells Hall Hospital
and the Merry Hill Shopping Centre. Dudley
Dudley
town centre has been served by a bus station at the junction of Birmingham
Birmingham
Street and Fisher Street since 1952. The original bus station was cleared in 1984 and replaced by the current bus station, which became fully operational in 1987. Midland Red
Midland Red
used to operate bus services in the town, mostly from its own bus depot, which opened in 1929. This depot was located on Birmingham
Birmingham
Road and passed to West Midlands Passenger Transport Executive in 1973, along with operation of all bus services in Dudley. The depot was closed in 1993 and demolished a year later to make way for the Castle Gate roundabout, at the eastern end of the town's new southern by-pass. The island was built in 1997 and the bypass opened on 15 October 1999. Road[edit] Dudley
Dudley
is served by main roads which give a direct route to neighbouring towns. The longest of these roads are the B4176 (which runs to Wombourne, Bridgnorth
Bridgnorth
and Telford) and the A461 (which passes through Wednesbury
Wednesbury
and Walsall, finally reaching Lichfield). The nearest motorway is the M5, with the closest junction situated in Oldbury, 3 miles south-east of the town. Air[edit] The nearest international airport is Birmingham
Birmingham
Airport, around 19 miles to the east. The nearest local airport is Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
Airport, which is about 10 miles to the west of the town. Tram[edit] Dudley
Dudley
was the terminus point of two tram routes which opened in the later part of the 19th century. The first route, linking the town with Tipton
Tipton
and Wednesbury, opened on 21 January 1884 operating steam trams, the route being electrified in 1907 before being closed in March 1930 and replaced by Midland Red
Midland Red
buses along the route. The second route opened a year later, linking the town with Birmingham
Birmingham
and heading through the centre of nearby Tividale
Tividale
village on the Dudley- Tipton
Tipton
border. This line was electrified in 1904 and remained open until 30 September 1939, when it too was replaced by Midland Red buses.[59] A proposed extension of the Midland Metro
Midland Metro
line, which would run from Wednesbury
Wednesbury
to Brierley Hill
Brierley Hill
via Dudley, would re-instate a tram service through the town centre, and is awaiting approval.[60] Geography[edit] Geology[edit] See also: Wren's Nest

Wren's Nest

Ripple beds in the Wren's Nest
Wren's Nest
National Nature Reserve

Dudley
Dudley
covers an area of the South Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Coalfield, which contributed heavily to its growth and industrialisation during the 18th century Industrial Revolution.[61] North-west of the town centre lies the Wren's Nest
Wren's Nest
Nature Reserve, the first British nature reserve in an urban area[62] and a site of special scientific interest (SSSI), considered to be one of the most notable geological locations in the British Isles. A part of the Much Wenlock Limestone
Limestone
Formation, it was heavily mined for centuries because of its large limestone deposits, and is also the location of one of the largest fossil sites in England.[63] The town lends its name to the " Dudley
Dudley
locust", (also ' Dudley
Dudley
Bug'), a trilobite with the scientific name Calymene blumenbachii
Calymene blumenbachii
that was found in these limestone pits in 1749 by Charles Lyttleton.[64] In the 1830s, Scottish geologist Sir Roderick Murchison
Roderick Murchison
visited the Wren's Nest
Wren's Nest
to collect fossils as part of his research. 65% of his palaeontological evidence featured in the 1839 publication "The Silurian System" was from Dudley.[65] Some of these fossils are still on display in the local Dudley
Dudley
Museum and Art Gallery.[66]

Localities[edit]

v t e

Areas of Dudley
Dudley
Borough, West Midlands

Amblecote Brierley Hill Cradley Coseley Eve Hill Gornal Halesowen Holly Hall Kates Hill Kingswinford Lye Netherton Quarry Bank Russell's Hall Pensnett Priory Sedgley Stourbridge Wall Heath Woodsetton Woodside Wordsley Wren's Nest

Demography[edit]

Dudley
Dudley
Compared

2011 UK Census Dudley (Built-up area subdivision) Dudley
Dudley
(Borough) West Midlands region England

Total population 79,379 312,925 5,601,847 53,012,456

White British 78.4% 88.5% 79.2% 79.8%

Asian 12.3% 6.0% 10.8% 7.7%

Black 3.6% 1.4% 3.2% 3.4%

Mixed 3.2% 1.8% 2.8% 2.2%

Other 2.5% 2.1% 4.5% 6.7%

Source: Office for National Statistics[67][68][69][70]

The current figure for the population of Dudley
Dudley
is 79,379.[71] This figure differs considerably from that given at the 2001 census (194,919), which led to it being considered one of the largest towns in Britain without city status. However, this change is not due to large population movements but to a redefinition of the town's boundaries (for example, Kingswinford
Kingswinford
with a population of over 50,000, included as Dudley
Dudley
in the 2001 census, is now considered a separate town[71] ). In addition, the 2001 Urban Subdivision included Brierley Hill, which the local authority considers a separate town.[72] It also included other local centres such as Sedgley
Sedgley
and Gornal. Ethnic unrest[edit] Dudley
Dudley
was the scene of some of Britain's first race riots in July 1962, when dozens of white men and youths rampaged in the North Street area of the town, vandalising properties in the area where the town's ethnic minorities were concentrated. Black Caribbean immigrants were particularly targeted in these disturbances.[citation needed] The English Defence League
English Defence League
demonstrated in the town centre on 3 April 2010, to protest against a planning application put forward by local Muslims to build a mosque just outside the town centre. Although there were no injuries at the event, eight people were arrested and there were several instances of criminal damage. On 17 July 2010, members of the English Defence League
English Defence League
again gathered in Dudley. This time there were several confrontations between the demonstrators and the police, and also at a counter-demonstration attended mainly by local anti-racists. English Defence League
English Defence League
members threw bottles, cans, coins and pieces of wood as they pulled down metal railings placed there to contain the demonstration. Some supporters were treated at the scene for injuries, including one of the EDL leaders that day who suffered a head wound in an incident.[73] In the days after the event, twenty offences were pursued by police,[74] including those of acts vandalism on cars, local homes, restaurants, and a Hindu
Hindu
temple.[73] Education[edit] Primary education[edit] Dudley
Dudley
is served by a range of primary schools. Several of these are church schools. For example, Jesson's Church of England
England
Primary School, St Chads Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
School, St Edmund's and St John's Church of England
England
Primary School and Netherton Church of England Primary School are all Church of England
England
primary schools. Other primary schools in the town include Dudley
Dudley
Wood Primary School, Priory Primary School, Kates Hill
Kates Hill
Primary School, Sledmere Primary School, Russells Hall Primary School, Milking Bank
Milking Bank
Primary School, Highgate Primary School, Northfield Road Primary School, Dudley
Dudley
Wood Primary School, Foxyards Primary School, Netherbrook Primary School (in Netherton), Blowers Green Primary School and Wrens Nest Primary School. Many of these schools are named after the housing estates they are located within. Primary schools throughout the Dudley
Dudley
borough all provide education for pupils aged 5 to 11 years. Some schools also have nursery units for pupils aged 3 and 4 years. From 1972 to 1990, schoolchildren in Dudley, Sedgley, Coseley
Coseley
and Brierley Hill
Brierley Hill
stayed at primary school until the age of 12. Halesowen
Halesowen
ran a 5–13 first and middle school system from 1972 to 1982, while Stourbridge
Stourbridge
and Kingswinford
Kingswinford
have always had a traditional 5–11 infant and junior system. Secondary education[edit]

Castle High School, Dudley

There are four secondary schools in central Dudley. Castle High School is a visual arts college and secondary school. It was formed in September 1989 as a result of a merger between The Dudley School and The Blue Coat School. It also occupies the buildings which once consisted of Dudley Boys Grammar School and land that was once used for Dudley
Dudley
Girls High School. By name, it is one of the newest schools in the town, despite using some of the area's oldest school buildings. Holly Hall Academy is a comprehensive school in Dudley
Dudley
and has served the south-west of the town since 1968. Bishop Milner Catholic College is a Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
secondary school in Dudley. Opened in 1960, it became one of the first Roman Catholic secondary schools in the region and is the oldest existing secondary school – by name – in Dudley. The Hillcrest School is another secondary school in Dudley, serving the community of Netherton since 1958. Dudley
Dudley
traditionally ran a system of 5–7 infant, 7–11 junior and 11+ secondary schools, but in September 1972 the system was altered to create 5–8 first, 8–12 middle and 12+ secondary schools – this affected the towns of Dudley, Sedgley, Coseley
Coseley
and Brierley Hill, while the traditional system remained in Kingswinford. Secondary modern and grammar schools were replaced by comprehensive schools in September 1975, and since that date all state secondary schools in the borough have been comprehensive. Stourbridge, which became part of the Dudley
Dudley
borough in 1974, retained the traditional system as well, although Halesowen
Halesowen
had adopted 5–9 first, 9–13 middle and 13+ secondary schools in 1972. Halesowen
Halesowen
reverted to the traditional 5–7 infant, 7–11 junior and 11+ secondary school system in 1982, and by 1985 there were plans afoot to return to the traditional system across the borough. The traditional system was finally restored across the Dudley
Dudley
borough in September 1990, around which time most of the remaining sixth forms in Dudley
Dudley
secondary schools were closed in favour of concentrating post 16 education at Dudley
Dudley
College, Halesowen
Halesowen
College, Stourbridge
Stourbridge
College and King Edward VI College in Stourbridge. Casualties of the introduction of comprehensive education included Dudley's girls high and boys grammar schools, which merged with the nearby Park secondary modern school to form The Dudley School (which in turn became Castle High on a merger with The Blue Coat School in 1989), while the equivalent schools in Stourbridge
Stourbridge
merged with Valley Road Secondary Modern School to become Redhill School. Several other grammar schools, including the High Arcal School
High Arcal School
in Sedgley, continued merely with a change in status rather than name. The borough's final single sex state schools, Walton Girls School and Richmond Boys School in Halesowen, merged in September 1985 to form Windsor High School. Special
Special
schools[edit] There are several special schools within Dudley, to cater for students with special educational needs. The Old Park School serves pupils from the age of 3 to 19,[75] and was originally located in the Russells Hall Estate, but relocated to new premises in Quarry Bank
Quarry Bank
in 2011.[76] The Rosewood School also caters for children within the age range. It was built on the Russells Hall Estate during the 1960s, but relocated to the former Highfields Primary School site in Coseley
Coseley
in March 2008.[77] The Woodsetton School near Sedgley
Sedgley
caters to pupils from ages 4–11.[78] Sutton School, built in 1962 in Russells Hall, caters only for pupils from 11–16.[79] Defunct schools[edit] As well as The Dudley
Dudley
School, Sir Gilbert Claughton School and The Blue Coat School, which merged to form Castle High School, other defunct schools in the town include Rosland Secondary School, which became part of The Blue Coat School in 1970, and Park Secondary School. The Mons Hill School also shut down as a result of falling pupil numbers; it had originally opened in 1965 to replace the Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
Street School. Primary schools that no longer exist include St James' School (erected in 1842), St John's Primary School and St Edmund's Primary School, which merged to form St Edmund's and St John's Church of England Primary School in the 1970s. The St Edmund's building still exists on the corner of Castle Hill and Birmingham
Birmingham
Street, and is now used as a mosque. Sycamore Green Primary School shut down in July 2006 as a result of falling pupil numbers. Staff and pupils were transferred to the nearby Wrens Nest Primary School, and the school buildings are now used as a Pupil Referral Unit for students studying at Key Stage 3. Further education[edit]

Evolve Campus of Dudley
Dudley
College

Dudley College
Dudley College
is a college of further education situated mainly in the north of the town centre. Two new campuses were opened in 2012 as part of on-going plans to establish a 'learning quarter' in the town centre, relocating facilities from the other sites at Castle View and Wren's Nest.[80] Originally established as a Mechanics' Institute in 1862,[81] it is the only college of further education in the town, and along with Halesowen
Halesowen
College and several campuses of the Birmingham Metropolitan College (formerly part of the now-defunct Stourbridge College),[82] it is one of three further education colleges in the wider borough. Until the summer of 2002, there was a campus of the University of Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
within the town. The newer part of the campus, built during the 1960s, was retained as part of Dudley College
Dudley College
until 2012. The older buildings, which were originally a teacher training college built in 1905, were demolished soon afterwards with the site redeveloped for private housing.

Public services[edit] Libraries[edit]

Dudley
Dudley
Library

Dudley
Dudley
Library is situated on St. James's Road, in the town centre. The present building, a Grade II listed Edwardian baroque, was designed by George H. Wenyon, and opened in 1909 to replace the older site in Priory Street.[83][84] The town has had a public library since 1878. The library underwent a major expansion in 1966, and significant refurbishment in 2002[85] and 2012.[86] The library service also operates eight branch libraries and four self-service 'Library Links', along with four other main libraries situated throughout Dudley
Dudley
Borough. A controversial re-structuring and modernisation of the service between 2006 and 2009 lead to the closure of several smaller borough libraries in favour of the 'Library Links'.[87][88] Medical[edit] Dudley
Dudley
is served by two major National Health Service
National Health Service
health facilities. Dudley Guest Hospital
Dudley Guest Hospital
was the first to be constructed. However it began as a charity by the Earl of Dudley
Earl of Dudley
to accommodate blinded local miners in 1849. The charity did not become popular and it was taken over by a local chainmaker who turned it into a hospital in 1871. As a result of the loss of the Emergency department
Emergency department
in 1983, the hospital has become a less important facility compared with the Russells Hall Hospital, also in Dudley. A new outpatient centre opening at the Guest in 2003 but the original buildings remained in use for another four years before the remaining services were transferred to Russells Hall. Russells Hall Hospital
Russells Hall Hospital
was constructed in 1976 but financial problems meant that it could not open until 1983. A major expansion of the hospital was completed in 2005 when it incorporated all of the borough's inpatient services, following the closure of Wordsley Hospital and the downgrading of Dudley Guest Hospital
Dudley Guest Hospital
and Stourbridge Corbett Hospital to outpatient services only. Another hospital serving Dudley
Dudley
is Bushey Fields Hospital, which was developed in the 1980s and early 1990s.[89]

The Joseph Guest Hospital's Victorian wing.

Burton Road Hospital stood on Burton Road approximately one mile to the west of the town centre, but this was not part of Dudley
Dudley
until 1966 having been in Sedgley. It was built in the mid-19th century as a workhouse and became a hospital in 1859. The hospital was demolished in 1994, having closed in December 1993. The town's ambulance station was opened on land adjacent to Burton Road Hospital in 1986. The fire station was opened nearby in 1999, replacing a 1960s building on Tower Street which was then incorporated into council offices before being demolished in late 2010 to make way for a new building of Dudley College
Dudley College
which will incorporate a listed section of the fire station dating from the 1930s. Dudley
Dudley
Health Centre was opened in Cross Street in 1979. There are four GPs employed there, and numerous administration staff. There are also doctor's surgeries in Bean Road, and the clinic on the Priory Estate was demolished in the mid-2000s after serving the local community for some 70 years. Another surgery was built in the west of the town around 1990, to serve the new Milking Bank
Milking Bank
housing estate.

In October 2006, Dudley
Dudley
Beacon and Castle Primary Care Trust and Dudley
Dudley
South Primary Care Trust merged to become Dudley
Dudley
Primary Care Trust.[90] As of January 2012, it is chaired by Gill Cooper. Emergency services[edit] Law enforcement in Dudley
Dudley
is carried out by the West Midlands Police, with the main station located in Brierley Hill. Dudley
Dudley
town police station is situated on New Street, in a building that opened in 1939 to replace a 19th-century structure on Priory Street, which now forms part of the local council offices. Fire and rescue services are provided by the West Midlands Fire Service, with the fire station situated on Burton Road, on land that had been occupied by Burton Road Hospital. The former site on Tower Street now forms part of a campus of Dudley
Dudley
College.[91] West Midlands Ambulance Service
West Midlands Ambulance Service
provides emergency medical care, with the current ambulance station situated in Burton Road, near to the fire station. There is also a Dudley
Dudley
Detachment of the Army Cadet Force, Air Cadet Squadron of 347 (Dudley) Squadron and Sea Cadet unit based in Dudley. There is an Army Reserve centre based in the town centre of Dudley, in which houses both Dudley
Dudley
Army Cadets and Air Cadets. Religion[edit]

St. Thomas' Church

Part of the Anglican Diocese of Worcester, Dudley
Dudley
has its own Archdeaconry and suffragan bishop. The town is served by numerous parish churches, including the Church of St. Edmund, Church of St. James, and Church of St. Thomas within the town centre. In the Kate's Hill area of Dudley, one can find St John's church, whose graveyard contains the burial place of William Perry a 19th-century Prizefighter, known as the Tipton
Tipton
Slasher. The oldest church in the town is St. Edmund's, dating back to Anglo-Saxon times, although the present building was not constructed until 1724, following its demolition during the English Civil War.[92] St. Thomas' church dates from the 12th century,[93] and was rebuilt in the 1815 after the original building was declared 'unsafe'.[94] Both sites are now Grade II* listed.[95][96] Dudley Priory
Dudley Priory
was a Cluniac priory founded circa 1160 by the Lord of Dudley, Gervase de Paganel, and controlled several churches in the surrounding area. After its initial dissolution in 1395, it reopened as a denizen priory, and remained in use until the Dissolution of the Monasteries.[97] Today the ruins form part of the surrounding Priory Park. The Archdeacon of Worcester, inducted in November 2014, was Vicar of St. Francis Church in Dudley
Dudley
for eight years. Catholics in the town are served by a church dedicated to Our Blessed Lady and St Thomas of Canterbury situated in St Joseph Street near the bus station.[98] The church, designed by architect Augustus Pugin, dates from 1842 and has been Grade II listed since 1949.[99]

Dudley
Dudley
Central Mosque

There are two Methodist Churches in Dudley: Central Church is at Cross Street near the town centre and there is another church at Dixon's Green. Dudley
Dudley
Baptist Church is on Priory Road in the centre of town. There is also a thriving Salvation Army Church in Dudley
Dudley
on North Street. Dudley
Dudley
also has places of worship for other religious groups and Christian denominations, including a Jehovah's Witness Kingdom Hall, two Sikh
Sikh
gurdwaras, and a Hindu
Hindu
temple. The old St Edmund's Church School, which closed in 1970 on a merger with St John's Church School, was converted into a mosque for the town's growing Islamic community, with an additional mosque also opening in the Queen's Cross area of the town.

Proposed mosque[edit] In 2003, plans were unveiled for the construction of a new mosque (which become known as the "Super Mosque" locally) in Hall Street, as site that had been leased by Dudley
Dudley
Council to the Dudley
Dudley
Muslim Association, in exchange for a site impacted by a proposed bypass.[100] The mosque proposals were scrapped in May 2010, after a long dispute, in favour of an expansion to the existing Dudley
Dudley
Central Mosque
Mosque
in Castle Hill,[101] an appeal was made by the Dudley
Dudley
Muslim Association against the High Court ruling,[102] and failed in February 2014.[103] Media[edit] Dudley
Dudley
is served by a number of local newspapers. The town has its own version of the Express & Star, published daily Monday to Saturday. There are also Dudley
Dudley
News,[104] which is published weekly, and (based at Dudley
Dudley
Archives and Local History Centre on Tipton
Tipton
Road in Dudley) the Black Country
Black Country
Bugle, which looks at the history of Dudley
Dudley
and the rest of the Black Country. Dudley
Dudley
was also served by the Dudley Evening Mail until its absorption into the Birmingham
Birmingham
Evening Mail in late 1986. Televised local news is provided through Midlands Today
Midlands Today
and Central Tonight, which also serve the wider area of the West Midlands. BBC Radio WM, Free Radio (formerly Beacon Radio),[105] Heart West Midlands, Kerrang! Radio, and Smooth Radio 105.7
Smooth Radio 105.7
are some of the local radio stations that can be received in Dudley, also serving the wider West Midlands. Black Country
Black Country
Community Radio[permanent dead link] broadcasts online from its Dudley
Dudley
Studios serving The Central and Northern Black Country. The Kates Hill
Kates Hill
Press, founded in 1992 and named after a famous Dudley
Dudley
landmark, is a small press concentrating on the publishing of fiction and non-fiction of mainly local and regional interest.

Economy[edit] Retail[edit]

Dudley
Dudley
Market in 2008

The town centre is home to several high street retailers, including River Island, Wilko, Argos, Peacocks, and New Look. There are also branches Subway and Costa Coffee. McDonald's, British Home Stores, Marks & Spencer, and Debenhams
Debenhams
have all had branches in Dudley Town Centre in the past. Most of Dudley's shops are concentrated along the Market Place and adjacent side streets. Established in the 12th century,[106] Dudley
Dudley
Market is situated on a wide part of the High Street, and is a major shopping area for the town. It has undergone numerous developments in its history, including pedestrianisation in 1982, and the removal of 12th-century cobblestone paving. Other developments have included the addition of a new roof and toilet facilities, with the new ground level block having replaced underground toilets in the early 1990s.[107] There are also three small shopping centres situated off the High Street: the Churchill Shopping Centre, the Trident Shopping Centre, and the Fountain Arcade. By 2014, Dudley
Dudley
Town Centre had become increasingly rundown, with nearly a third of its shop units vacant, the highest figure for a medium-sized town centre in Britain.[108] Retailing was particularly hard hit by the opening of the Merry Hill Shopping Centre
Merry Hill Shopping Centre
three miles away, between 1985 and 1990. This led to the exit of the majority of major retailers, including British Home Stores
British Home Stores
(June 1990), Marks & Spencer (August 1990), Sainsbury's
Sainsbury's
(August 1989), C&A (January 1992), and Littlewoods
Littlewoods
(January 1990), all of which closed before or soon after new stores opened at Merry Hill.[109] Although the town was already in slight decline at the time following the recession of the early 1980s, the opening of the Merry Hill Centre resulted in a 70% decline of the town's market share in retail between 1985 and 1990.[110] Dudley
Dudley
residents and traders have asked for the removal of the parking charges in Dudley, which they see as a barrier to people coming into the town, whereas Merry Hill Centre has always had free parking). Dudley
Dudley
Council has refused to reduce or remove parking charges citing "loss of revenue". Critics of the council point out that more revenue is lost through shoppers going elsewhere.[citation needed] Since 2008, another economic downturn has led to retailers including Beattie's, H. Samuel, Dorothy Perkins, Thornton's and Millet's and WH Smith also planning to close later in 2013.[111] The town also lost its Woolworths store after nearly 100 years just after Christmas 2008 when the retailer went into liquidation. Industry[edit] The Bean Cars
Bean Cars
factory was opened in the first years of the twentieth century and remained in use until the 1930s, but survives to this day for other industrial use. Notable people[edit]

Catherine Payton Phillips

John Badley, Surgeon 1865

Sculpture for James Whale, outside Dudley
Dudley
Showcase Cinema.

Cedric Hardwicke

Percy Shakespeare

Maurice Vincent Wilkes 1980

Sue Lawley

Nigel Mazlyn Jones

Rosemary Hollis

early times to 1800[edit]

Sir John de Sutton II (1310 – 1359) the first Baron Sutton of Dudley Sir John de Sutton IV (1361 – 1396) the 3rd Baron Sutton of Dudley and heir of Dudley
Dudley
Castle John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, KG (1400 – 1487) English nobleman, diplomat and councillor of Henry VI Sir Edmund Sutton (1425 in Dudley
Dudley
– c.1485) the eldest son of John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley
Dudley
KG, fought in wars of the roses Sir Henry Dudley
Dudley
(1517 in Dudley Castle
Dudley Castle
– 1568) English soldier, sailor, diplomat, and conspirator of the Tudor period. Abraham Darby I
Abraham Darby I
(1678 in Woodsetton – 1717), industrial pioneer, [112] developed the first practical method to produce iron using coke instead of charcoal Henry Sanders (1727 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1785) English curate [113] and local historian, curate of Shenstone, Staffordshire Catherine Payton Phillips
Catherine Payton Phillips
(1727 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1794) Quaker Minister, [114] travelled the UK, Holland and the American colonies Ben Boucher
Ben Boucher
(1769 in Horseley Heath - 1851), folk poet, wrote about Dudley
Dudley
life in the 19th century Thomas Phillips
Thomas Phillips
RA (1770 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1845) leading [115] English portrait and subject painter Rev. Joseph Cooke
Joseph Cooke
(1775 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1811), a Free Christian, expelled by the Wesleyan Methodists on doctrinal grounds, became the inspiration of the Methodist Unitarian movement John Badley (1783 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1870) FRCS, surgeon of Dudley
Dudley
and medical pioneer. Samuel Cook (1786-1861), moved to Dudley
Dudley
in 1819, prominent local political campaigner against social inequality and for workers' and women's rights[116] Robert Wallace (1791 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1850) English Unitarian minister [117]

1800 to 1900[edit]

Thomas William Booker-Blakemore (1801 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1858), MP, industrialist, landowner, and politician, son of Rev. Luke Booker Joseph William Moss M.D. (1803 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1862) was an English physician [118] John Berryman (VC)
John Berryman (VC)
(1825 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1896) British Army officer [119] and a recipient of the Victoria Cross
Victoria Cross
for action in the Crimean War Brooke Robinson (1836 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1911) solicitor, county coroner and Conservative MP for Dudley
Dudley
from 1886 to 1906 Frank Evers Beddard
Frank Evers Beddard
FRS FRSE (1858 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1925) English zoologist, [120] he became a leading authority on annelids, including earthworms and oligochaetes. John Haden Badley
John Haden Badley
(1865 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1967), Educator, [121] founded (1893) and Headmaster (1893–1935) of Bedales School Sir William Charles Angliss
William Charles Angliss
(1865 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1957) butcher, [122] pastoralist, pioneer meat exporter, politician and philanthropist in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, knighted in 1939 Capt H. J. Round
H. J. Round
(1881 in Kingswinford
Kingswinford
– 1966) English engineer, [123] pioneer of radio, reported observation of electroluminescence from a diode James Whale
James Whale
(1889 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1957), Horror film
Horror film
director, [124] known for his films Frankenstein, The Old Dark House, The Invisible Man and Bride of Frankenstein Sir Cedric Hardwicke
Cedric Hardwicke
(1893 in Lye – 1964) stage and film actor [125] whose career spanned nearly fifty years

1900 to 1950[edit]

Bert Bissell (1902 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1998), mountain climber, [126] peace campaigner. Dudley
Dudley
was twinned with Fort William in his honour. Percy Shakespeare
Percy Shakespeare
(1906 in Kates Hill
Kates Hill
– 1943), artist [127] with a talent for figure drawing and portraits Charles Coulson FRS FRSE (1910 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1974) British applied mathematician, [128] theoretical chemist and religious author John Metcalfe Coulson (1910 in Dudley
Dudley
- 1990) British chemical engineering academic and twin of Charles Alfred Coulson John English, OBE, MA (1911 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1998), theatre director [129] and founder of the Midlands Arts Centre Sir Maurice Wilkes
Maurice Wilkes
FRS, FREng, DFBCS (1913 in Dudley
Dudley
– 2010) a significant British [130] computer scientist Ian Messiter (1920 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1999) BBC Radio producer [131] and the creator of a number of panel games, including Just a Minute Billy Dainty (1927 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1986) British comedian, [132] dancer, physical comedian and pantomime and television star Duncan Edwards
Duncan Edwards
(born 1936 in Dudley) English footballer, [133] one of the members of Manchester United's popular Busby Babes Roger Cashmore CMG (born 1944) went to school in Dudley, [134] Chair of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Atomic Energy Authority, previously the Principal of Brasenose College, Oxford
Brasenose College, Oxford
and Professor of Experimental Physics at the University of Oxford Sue Lawley
Sue Lawley
OBE (born 1946 in Sedgley) is an English TV [135] and radio broadcaster.

1950 to modern times[edit]

Nigel Mazlyn Jones
Nigel Mazlyn Jones
(born 1950 in Dudley) English guitarist, singer and songwriter, also did part-time work at Dudley
Dudley
Zoo Professor Rosemary Hollis
Rosemary Hollis
(born c.1952 in Dudley
Dudley
political scientist, [136] professor Middle East
Middle East
Policy Studies City University London Norman Pace (born 1953 in Dudley) English actor [137] and comedian, one half of the comedy duo Hale and Pace Will Duckworth
Will Duckworth
(born 1954 in Dudley) Green Party of England
England
and Wales politician Susan Price
Susan Price
(born 1955 in Dudley) English author, she mainly writes children's literature and young adult fiction Sir Lenny Henry, CBE (born 1958 in Dudley), stand-up comedian, [138] actor, blues singer, writer and TV presenter John Barnes (born 1961 in Dudley) radio broadcaster and journalist for the BBC. Jim MacCool (born 1963) British dramatic poet in the shanachie or travelling bard tradition, also poet-in-residence for Dudley Jason Bonham
Jason Bonham
(born 1966 in Dudley), drummer, [139] son of Led Zeppelin drummer John Bonham Andrew Griffiths (born 1970 in Dudley) Conservative MP [140] for Burton since 2010 Jas Mann (born 1971 in Dudley) British songwriter, [141] singer, record producer, film producer and lead singer of Babylon Zoo Shafiq Rasul
Shafiq Rasul
(born 1977 in Dudley) a detainee held at Guantanamo Bay Warren Nettleford (born 1982 in Dudley) television presenter and reporter

Sport up to 1950[edit]

Joe Darby (1861 in Windmill End, Netherton – 1937), Champion spring jumper (jumping starting from a stationary position)[142] Bert Baverstock (1883 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1951) English footballer, spent sixteen years with Bolton Wanderers F.C.
Bolton Wanderers F.C.
making 369 appearances Charles Mayo (1884 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1977) English professional golfer Joe Smith (1889 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1971), footballer and football manager of Blackpool
Blackpool
for the 1953 FA Cup final victory over Bolton, dubbed the "Matthews Final" Herbert Homer (1895 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1977) cricketer and cricket administrator, 85 appearances for Staffordshire Dorothy Round (1908 in Dudley
Dudley
– 1982), tennis player and Wimbledon women's singles champion in 1934 and 1937 Gladys Morcom (1918 in Dudley
Dudley
– 2010) British swimmer in the women's 400 metre freestyle at the 1936 Summer Olympics Audrey Hancock (born 1919 in Dudley) British swimmer in the women's 100 metre backstroke at the 1936 Summer Olympics Dennis Stevens (1933 in Dudley
Dudley
– 2012) English footballer, played mainly for Bolton Wanderers F.C.
Bolton Wanderers F.C.
and Everton F.C. Albert Broadbent (1934 in Dudley
Dudley
– October 2006) footballer, scored 99 goals in 485 appearances mainly for Doncaster Rovers Duncan Edwards
Duncan Edwards
(1936 in Woodside – 1958), England
England
footballer who died in the Munich Air Disaster. The Dudley
Dudley
Southern Bypass was renamed ' Duncan Edwards
Duncan Edwards
Way' in his memory, and a statue of him was erected in the town Market Place in 1999[143] George Andrews (born 23 April 1942) English former professional footballer, making over 400 appearances, scoring 149 goals mainly at Southport F.C., Shrewsbury Town F.C.
Shrewsbury Town F.C.
and Walsall
Walsall
F.C. Phil Parkes (born 1950 in Sedgley) is a former football goalkeeper for Queens Park Rangers F.C.
Queens Park Rangers F.C.
and West Ham United F.C.
West Ham United F.C.
making 743 appearances

Sport from 1950[edit]

Sam Allardyce, 2014

Sam Allardyce
Sam Allardyce
(born 1954 in Dudley), English football player and manager, [144] formerly of England Clive Allen (born 1961 in Dudley) British basketball coach and former player with Birmingham
Birmingham
Bullets Adrian Rollinson (born 1965 in Dudley) British strongman competitor, repeat competitor at the World's Strongest Man Michael Rosswess (born 1965 in Dudley) retired English sprinter, in the 200 metres event at the 1988 Summer Olympics David Burrows (born 1968 in Dudley), retired professional footballer, [145] played mainly for Liverpool and Coventry
Coventry
City Richard Forsyth (born 1970 in Dudley) English footballer, [146] made nearly 250 appearances for Stoke City F.C.
Stoke City F.C.
Peterborough United F.C. and Cheltenham Town F.C. Robert Norton (born 1972 in Dudley) British professional boxer, southpaw cruiserweight Chris Westwood (born 1977 in Dudley) footballer, [147] made over 500 appearances, most for Hartlepool United F.C. Darren McDermott (born 1978 in Dudley) English middleweight boxer and the current holder of the English middleweight title Reanne Evans
Reanne Evans
(born 1985 in Dudley) English former professional snooker player, won WLBSA Ladies World Snooker Championship ten times between 2005 and 2014 Russell Penn
Russell Penn
(born 1985 in Dudley) pro. footballer, [148] mainly played for Kidderminster
Kidderminster
Harriers, Cheltenham Town and York City Kaleigh Grainger
Kaleigh Grainger
(born 1986 in Dudley) is a British unicyclist, learning her many skills from her father, a circus skills veteran Matthew Barnes-Homer (born 1986 in Dudley) English professional footballer [149] who mainly played for Kidderminster
Kidderminster
Harriers F.C., Luton Town F.C.
Luton Town F.C.
and Macclesfield Town F.C. Asa Hall
Asa Hall
(born 1986 in Dudley) professional footballer, [150] mainly played for Luton Town, Oxford United and Cheltenham Town Reece Brown (born 1996 in Dudley) English footballer [151] who plays for Chesterfield F.C., on loan from Birmingham
Birmingham
City F.C. Tyler Bate
Tyler Bate
(born 1997 in Dudley) British professional wrestler currently signed to WWE

In popular culture[edit]

The front and inner photographs for the 1971 Led Zeppelin
Led Zeppelin
IV album were taken in the Eve Hill
Eve Hill
area of the town; the main tower block, shown side on, is Butterfield Court off Salop Street, and still stands today.[152] The two other blocks were demolished in 1999.[153] The borehole in local author Hugh Walters' juvenile science fiction story The Mohole Mystery was sited in Dudley. The television comedy series The Grimleys
The Grimleys
was set in Dudley,[154] but was filmed some 80 miles away in Salford.

Sport[edit] Association football[edit]

Footballer Duncan Edwards
Duncan Edwards
(1936–1958), was born in Woodside, Dudley, and is commemorated by a statue in the town centre.

Dudley
Dudley
is the largest town in England
England
never to have had a league football club.[155] The town's key football teams, Dudley
Dudley
Town F.C. and Dudley Sports F.C.
Dudley Sports F.C.
have never progressed beyond the Southern League. Dudley
Dudley
Town is the older of the town's two clubs, and have enjoyed the most success. Their most notable success came in 1985 when they won promotion to the Southern Premier League, but in the same year they were forced to quit Dudley Sports Centre (at the junction of Tipton Road and Birmingham
Birmingham
Road) due to mining subsidence. They played at Round Oak Sports Ground in Brierley Hill
Brierley Hill
for the next 11 years, and then spent a season ground-sharing at Halesowen
Halesowen
Town, before resigning from the Southern League due to financial difficulties. The club was reformed in 1999 to compete in the West Midlands Regional League, and ground-share with Stourbridge
Stourbridge
at the War Memorial Athletic Ground. In 1981, when still playing at Dudley
Dudley
Sports Centre, Dudley
Dudley
Town played a prestigious game against Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
Wanderers to commemorate a refurbishment of the stadium, with the new floodlights being switched on by legendary former Wolves player Billy Wright. For some time after leaving Dudley
Dudley
Sports Centre, there were hopes that it could be made safe for Dudley
Dudley
Town to return, but these plans never materialised and the site was instead redeveloped as a business and leisure complex which has been developing since 2000. The club play at the Dell Stadium in Pensnett. Rugby football[edit] The Dudley
Dudley
Kingswinford
Kingswinford
Rugby Club is the local rugby team, which play at their grounds in Wall Heath.[156] Motor sports[edit] For a short period, a speedway team called Dudley
Dudley
Heathens attempted to find a site to race in Dudley.[157] The team plays in Wolverhampton and Birmingham
Birmingham
due to the lack of a speedway track within the Dudley borough. The team were originally called the Cradley Heath
Cradley Heath
Heathens, due to the proximity of their home track at Dudley Wood Stadium to the Cradley Heath/ Dudley
Dudley
boundary. The stadium was demolished in the mid-1990s to make way for housing development, with the club disbanding shortly afterwards, before it re-formed with the name Dudley
Dudley
Heathens in 2010.[158] Though there have been attempts by the club to move back into the town, they have so far been rejected by the local authority.[159] The team re-adopted the name Cradley Heathens in 2013.[160] Former World Champion riders from the team include Erik Gundersen and Bruce Penhall. Volleyball[edit] Following a merger with the Coseley
Coseley
Volleyball Club, Wombourne V.C. play at the Evolve campus of Dudley
Dudley
College, in the town centre. They compete in the West Midlands Volleyball Association.[161] Twin towns[edit] Dudley
Dudley
is twinned with:

Fort William, Scotland[162] Bremen, Germany[163][164]

References[edit]

^ "Usual resident population by five-year age group, local authorities in England
England
and Wales". 2011 Census. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 July 2012.  ^ " Dudley
Dudley
leaders fly the flag for the borough after announcing it is the capital of the Black Country". Halesowen
Halesowen
News. 22 January 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2014.  ^ " Black Country
Black Country
Day 2014: There's so much for us to be proud about". Express & Star. 21 January 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2014.  ^ " Dudley
Dudley
flies flag as capital of the Black Country". Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2014.  ^ Dudley Metropolitan Borough
Dudley Metropolitan Borough
Council – History of Dudley
Dudley
Town Archived 6 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine., accessed 13 January 2011 ^ a b c Encyclopædia Britannica 1911, accessed 4 March 2007 ^ Open Domesday Online: Dudley, accessed March 2017 ^ "Dudley — Domesday Book". Open Domesday. Retrieved 22 September 2013.  ^ " Dudley
Dudley
Castle". Dudley
Dudley
and West Midlands Zoological Society. Retrieved 22 September 2013.  ^ a b c d e f "Parishes - Dudley". A History of the County of Worcester. 3: 90–105. 1913. Retrieved 22 September 2013.  ^ a b c "The history of Dudley
Dudley
Castle". The Friends of Dudley
Dudley
Castle. Retrieved 22 September 2013.  ^ History of Dudley
Dudley
Town Archived 6 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Dudley Metropolitan Borough
Dudley Metropolitan Borough
Council ^ "Holbeache House". English Heritage. Retrieved 22 September 2013.  ^ A Brief History of Dudley
Dudley
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Dudley Metropolitan Borough
Dudley Metropolitan Borough
Council Dudley
Dudley
at Curlie (based on DMOZ)

v t e

Ceremonial county of West Midlands

Metropolitan districts

City of Birmingham City of Coventry City of Wolverhampton Metropolitan Borough of Dudley Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell Metropolitan Borough of Solihull Metropolitan Borough of Walsall

Major settlements

Aldridge Bilston Birmingham Blackheath Bloxwich Brierley Hill Brownhills Coventry Cradley Heath Darlaston Dudley Fordbridge Halesowen Oldbury Rowley Regis Smethwick Solihull Stourbridge Sutton Coldfield Tipton Walsall Wednesbury West Bromwich Willenhall Wolverhampton See also: West Midlands

Rivers

River Blythe River Cole River Penk River Rea Smestow Brook River Sherbourne River Sow River Sowe River Stour River Tame

Canals

Birmingham
Birmingham
Canal Navigations Shropshire
Shropshire
Union Canal Staffordshire
Staffordshire
& Worcestershire Worcester
Worcester
& Birmingham

Topics

Places Population of major settlements Parliamentary constituencies SSSIs Country houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings Conservation areas History Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Museums

Black Country Birmingham
Birmingham
Airport Coventry/Bedworth Urban Area Transport for West Midlands West Midlands conurbation West Midlands Combined Authority Mayor of the West Midlands

v t e

Electoral wards of the Dudley
Dudley
Metropolitan Borough

Amblecote Belle Vale Brierley Hill Brockmoor and Pensnett Castle and Priory Coseley
Coseley
East Cradley and Wollescote Gornal Halesowen
Halesowen
North Halesowen
Halesowen
South Hayley Green and Cradley South Kingswinford
Kingswinford
North and Wall Heath Kingswinford
Kingswinford
South Lye and Stourbridge
Stourbridge
North Netherton, Woodside and St. Andrews Norton Pedmore and Stourbridge
Stourbridge
East Quarry Bank
Quarry Bank
and Dudley
Dudley
Wood St. James's St. Thomas's Sedgley Upper Gornal and Woodsetton Wollaston and Stourbridge
Stourbridge
Town Wordsley

v t e

History of local government districts in Worcestershire

Ancient boroughs

Alvechurch Bewdley Broadway Clifton-upon-Teme Droitwich Dudley Evesham Halesowen Kidderminster Oldbury Pershore Tenbury Worcester

Incorporated boroughs

Bewdley Droitwich Dudley Evesham Halesowen Kidderminster Oldbury Stourbridge Warley Worcester

Urban districts

Bromsgrove Halesowen King's Norton and Northfield Lye and Wollenscote Malvern North Bromsgrove Redditch Stourbridge Stourport-on-Severn

Rural districts

Bromsgrove Droitwich Evesham Feckenham Halesowen Kidderminster King's Norton Martley Pershore Rock Shipston-on-Stour Tenbury Upton upon Severn Yardley

Civil parishes

List of civil parishes in Worcestershire

Boundary changes affecting Worcestershire

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 136009

.